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Volume I, Number IS May *0, 1*42 THE KK.ESI.ER Ml I H NEWS la pabibhed br the lUlail-OuK port Dalle Herald. * rlvlllan enlerpilae. In Uie Interest of lb* per aonnel of Keealer Field Vena matter pertaining to Keealer Field furniahed br the Reea ler Field Publlr Relation* Of flee, t* available for general release Pollrlea and atatemrnla reflerted Ihrongb a tor Ira new*, edllortala eta., of thla publlralion under no rlrromatanrea are I# be ronaldered three of the l otted State* Army. Artlelea aubmltted by military per aonnel represent personal opinion only. RnbsrrlpUon prior II.Id for all months; IIH par year. Free to Keealer Field peraonnel Sgt. Harold K. Porter's Old Friend, 'Paul Chiang' Holds Fate of China in His Hands The Chinee* have nothing to worry aboub— as long at "Paul Chianf is in there pitching.*' Take it from Sgt Harold K. Por ter, of the 3091b Tech Sc Sq , who ta a fr»end e? "Paul Chiang.’* bet ter known to Americans and Chi nese ai GeneraiUaimo Chiang Kai Shek .Sergeant Porter met the Gener alissimo when he wat etatkmed in 8‘iangbai in 193« as a member of the V. 8. Marine Corpi. "Paul’* la the name Chiang was given when he wat !n the United States, and Kai-Shek it his first name. ri.AYMi IN IIIANoKAi Kveiongs while he was in * han ghai—m what Sergeant Porter rail* "the go d old days before the Japs came in"—he played string bass and piano In local hotels One evening the Generaliss mo heard him, a ked for tn introduc tion, and Sergeant Porter *oon was playing on Chianf* radio station in Shanghai, XMHC Today, the Sergeants proudest possession; are two letters in the Generalissimo's own hand, recom mending him to the station man ager of XMHC WA# IN MAKINK* Sergeant Porter, who was a Marine fr«*m 1927-37. Joined the U S Army in December, 1941— only « few’ days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor He had a special reason for Join ing up. He wants to get back to Shanghai some day soon and. as he declare* "play !n the Pathr Hotel In Shanghai again.** "Paul Chlang." he i* certain* will be there Hut no Japs will be present. “OMOCHI" In making the Japanese New Year cakes, known as "omochl," giant malletn ate UMd t>> pottltd Uia rice mixture Into soft, sticky mats Lt. Col. Smith, Maj. Kreider Are Advanced teonUnuad from pi(« om) Orsenwald Assistant Poet Personnel Adjutant, william M Jfarrlaon. Claaat* nr*tiofl a elite. Oteahlre W llawkrn Assistant Poal Personnel AdJuUnt Marion P Morton. A*»)*fant Mat* Officer William P Kimbrough Jr . Assistant Post Par amn*| Adjutant John H Luba. Jr . Adjutant of fh* 9M»h Lloyd L Lind* mv Officer in Charge of Air Paid Precaution# Albert M McConnell. Post A and ft Officer. Foster It Peterbln, Post Chemical Warfare Officer Anthony V ftafusin, Post Military Intelligent* Of ficer Fit on P Pawaon, commander of the AuBth; Richard Aterha. commander of tha •soph. Joseph 0 Atulh Jr . Assistant poet Military Intelligence Officer James K Upchurch. Adjutant of the MIAth and fcv*ret| F Flagler. com mandar of tha SO#th Aecnnd Lieutenants* named Pirat Lieutenants are Ns" : A t'a(»w.il A« lent A it P..IU* offh-rr Jr.hr O finder Cbm mander of fit# 9fte» Roy M <1 lover. A *n?ant Post Adjutant Benjamin V ll.rdgc. Assistant Off, Personnel Ulfll cation f*n Hook, Assistant Secretary Ann, Harrv A Johnson. Assistant Po«t Personnel Adjutant I-ouls A Kauf man. Assistant Me. Officer: Ned P King, Jt . Assistant Post Personnel Adjutant Julimis J law Assistant Mm Officer Roderick M Ltmasaon. of tha M9th Nicholas II Nance Pn#f l ibrary Offi ret. William K Powell Aimplv Offl rer of the .UOth Blaine CJ fticylc As* ’»nnt Officer in rharg* of persnyyAei Utilisation and Alclde f Rohlrhau* r-Oth All of those promoted were sworn In by rapt fawrtnee A Petersen. Pott Adjutant AM the promotions date ftom February 1 IIIMK DIHfil'lAF HFl PA Nigerian hunters uf Africa, when (talking pray, Are (bit to ap proach within easy rung? by mov ing through the tall gras* diKguls pd its harmless hornbllli Chapel Services The following i» the schedule of religious services which will be effective until further notice. Boidlers have been requested to ettemt services within their own provisional chapel groups. Protestant Monday Her vices 8 am. Chop. E B. Brooks Post Chapel Devotional Services 8 n m. Chap. S. L. Cole Hospital General Service* 9 a m, Chap. Brooks Recreation Hall 12 Communion Service* 9 am. Chap. V. A. Cameron Theatre 1 General Services 9 s m. Chap. Cole Recreation Hall 24 General Services 10 a m. Chap. Brooks Post Chapel Baptist Worship 10 a m. Chap. Colt Recreation Hall 12 Baptist Worship 10 a m Chap. Cameron Day Room 9 Devotional Services 11 a m. Chap. Cameron Ptet Chapel Lutheran Services 7 p.m. Chap. Cole Post Chapel Vesper Services 11 a m. Chap. Cole Recreation Hall 12 Bible (Hass < sthnllr Manses — Sunday 8 am Chap J A Major Hospital 7 a m. Chap. P. E. Nolan Post Chapel 7 a m. Chap. J. A Mtocrka Theatre 1 8 am. Chap. Major Recreation Hall 24 9 a m. Chap. Nolan Recreation Hall 8 9 h m Chap, Mrocrka Recreation Hall 23 10 SO a m Chap. Nolan Theatre No. 2 Jewish Service* Friday—7 pm. Sgt J. lianowiU, Pvt, A Mashioff Post Chapel Saturday 10 am Sgt. Hanowitr, Pvt Mashloff Post Chapel Life Views Pvt. Jap Tha Jepen**e ara uemg a 7SO ; ton farrier which diegorget a tola I of IS* email craft from tta »,de | rolling out Uka baggag* from i I luxury liner, they aboot dowi baby weather pnrachute* tha g.ya wind drift and velocit; to oncoming bomber*, they havi a three-ton ' tankette” that "woula fit tmo a hall bedroom." but ha a apeed of S3 mph. carrlea thrti men, two machine guna; they havi a 71 ton armored cer which take ten minute* to change from rub ber wheel* to aleel rima and be come a 37 mph rail car, they brim along prefabricated hut*, fuel, am apar* part*, right down to march light*, during Invaalon operation - *0 itate* Cecil Brown In a ape dally written report In tha curren taaue of L.IFK JAPS SHOW NO MERI T "In final aaaault,” Brown da dare*, tha Japaneee aoldler 1, uncontrollable, ihowa no mere; and take* no priaonera la a fan alien), freniled murderer who* objective 1 a to w.pe out avaryom who oppoaea him to the laat nan. He conunuea, "on* of Japan'! vita war weapon* 11 the ‘mantel vita min'—contempt for whit* man conatanlly Injected Into the Jap an*** *oldl*r.” In a aectlon devoted to the per a' naiity and makeup of Jupan’i "fighting man," Brown aaya: Every Jap aoldler haa been or dered never to aurrender and it eon*tant!y warned that he will be aummarlly executed when caugh! by the enemy. IS CAPABI.E TROOPER The Jupanem tnldler 1* * cap able trooper. He Is easy to com mand, very good at looking after himself, his trrns, his uniform and equipment. Physically he Is hard and well train >d. He ha* rsmark ably good powers of endurance Japanese peasants make up the rugged backbone of the Infantry but soldiers from tha cities alsc have good physiques. The warrant officers and non commiss.ontd offlrera have a loyal and correct altitude toward their superiors and they treat their men well, fairly and without harshneta The weakness of the Japanese NCC. and warrant officer lies in the fact that he lacks mature experience The present average period ol service of these noncommissioned classes Is about four years. The majority of the regimental officers come from the middle classes of Japan From tha age ol 17, most of them have lived, breath ed and eaten militarism. They are tenacloui and thorough on detail. Foreign military observers con sider them unimaginative and lather alow mentally. NEED OPFUEMi Military obsarvera bellevt tlial thla reorganisation indicated a serious shortage of officers Ir some branches of the Japaneea military machine, probably In tha tank and air corps units, Kxpan ilon of these branches had reached a substantial extent by December 7, aa a result of vlsita by Japanese missions to other countries. These missions glucked the best develop ments from Germany, as well as other countries, Just before war broke out in Dei ember, a British officer said to me at Singapore, "You know, the Japanese Army has a habit of doing tomorrow what the German army did yester day." I'lie Japanese have shown and are still showlntt an ability not only to imitate other countries' equipment and technique but to improve on It. Their attack by torpedo bomb ers on the "Repulse" and "Prince of Wales” was carried out with s skill and organisation not at SPOT YOUR PLANE I . * "y A SA4AEXQE THE SAVES, W/TM SHAME TEETH* THE 3 EVE-VIEWS SHOW YOU ITS TRANSPORT VERSION (amo usEearh/tle* car nrrsovAi comveyahcej. A FIELD-GLASS VIEW SHOWS BOMBING VERSION,, WE MOAV YOU HEYEM ■ Si IS _ (COURIER- (BOMBER). The FOCKE-WULr- (g-ermam) [conoor -(THA^iiwr). THE COURIER IS USED FOR SHIPPING RAIDS. .CARRIES MANY MACHINE GUNS AND AERIAL CANNON .THE CONOOR CAN CARRY ABOUT SO SOLDIERS. BOMBER, BOMB-SIGHT.-AND BOMBARDIER. Did you ever try to hit a fence post with A STONE, WHILE riding by on your bike ? can you imagine Then, WHAT A JOB IT WDULO BE TO DROP A BOMB ON A TARGET FROM 10.000 TO 20,000 FEET IN THE AIR AT A SPEED OP, SAY.200 MILES PER HOUR ? THE BOMB*5i6HT,ANO ITi OPERATOR,THE BOMBARDIER, IS THE ANSWER.,THE BOMBARDIER CALCULATES WIND DIRECTION AND VELOCITY, ALTITUDE ANO SPEED OF THE PLANE, LENGTH OF TIME THE BOMB WR.LTAKE TO REACH THE GROUND,THE AIR CURRENTS IT WILL MEET ON THE WAY,-AND ME SETS ALL THESE ADJUSTMENTS ON THE SIGHT.. . HE MUST DO THIS A SHORT TIME BEFORE REACHING HIS OBJECTIVE , AT HIGH SPSEO AND WHILE UNOCR FIRE...NOW HE STARTS THE SIGHT WORKING. IT GUIDES THE PLANE ANO DROPS THE BOMBS AT THE PROPER TIME AND PLACE ...THE BOMS GOES FORWARD AG FAST AS THE PLANE AT FIRST, BUT DROPS FASTER AND FASTER,LOSING FORWARD SPEED ANO DESCRIBING A CURVED fWTH TO THE TARGET. A SOFT CIRCLE CAN AM WT FROM *0,000 FT f ^ HUBERT.by snyder ~ ■ NBMB ‘‘Hubert *»••> hr* been deUlled to pursuit nuneuver*:" tempted, probably mot even con. reived, by either the German* or Brltiah, from whom they adopted their notione of torpedo-carrying ' aircraft. On the debit side for Japan, Brown beta several weak points in | ihe.r armour. II# says: HAH MANY WEAK POI' TI I feat the Japanese soldier be considered a paragon because of his discipline, there ere additional ! facta which have been established I not only since the start of the j war in the Pacific bu! during the i war with China. Whfle Japanese | discipline Is good on duty, the I behavior of the Japanese soldier off duty and behind the lines fully 1 justifies the application to them of the traditional epithets: brutal I and licentious. | Officers make no attempt to check brutality by their men, and countenance raping of women. This the Japanese consider one of the "rights” of victory. It Is aho an expression of their rage at being denied other fruit# of vic tory. For instance, when the Jap anese landed at Terakan off Bor neo, they found all the oil In stallations destroyed by the heroic Dutch. In their fury at being : denied the rich prise, they shot | many hostages and raped a num ber of Dutch nurses who were | there, < I1AKA( TKIU7.K BOMBING Furthermore, On every front Japanese bomb ing has been marked by three out standing characteristics These are 1) r nrentratlon of • .ires i,.r raids; 2) using aircraft to dive Immb and machine-gun troops, thus crushing resistance on the same principle as heavy artillerv fir# preceding an attack. 3) bomb ing which strangely alternate* be tween excellent accuracy and no accuracy at all. There may be two explanations f r this last. One Is that Japan may have a bomber force made up of very well trained men Inter spersed with poorly or hastily trained bombardiers and pilots Another explanation may be in' the fact that not all Japanese bombers have bombsights. It wav; found that the flight commander —the pilot of the plane at the V of the formation—was equipped with the bombsight and the other ! planes in the raiding force drop I ped their bombs when the com-1 maniler did, as is done by many lair forces. The American and Fil-j |ipino gunners In the Philippines1 iquiekly found this out- their first Keesler Housing Officer To Aid In Survey Of Area — -- - —-» target was the flight leader. WEAK IN DEFENSE The Japs have proved excellent; in attack but it is the generally: [held belief of military men that I Japan will prove weak in defense land withdrawals. The Japanese soldier has courage but, when trapped and being beaten, he often -nows abject fear also. In China it ha* been pr> ven that the Japanese do not know how to conduct an orderly retreat and, as ,ne highly placed British tactical expert (who should know about retreat*) phrased It to me: "They lack initiative when surprised or taken unexoi e edly at a tactical disadvantage.” CANNOT TAKE DEFEAT ; It has also been proven, as in 'Bataan, that the Jars cannot t Iti 1 a sudden reverse. In one heavy direct assault by American troops against a Japanese force in a U p ng point, the Japs threw down j their weapon', dashed 100 yards to a cliff at their rear and threw j themselves ever, to fall 150 feet o their death. The s.ajtu.rd of Japanese en gineering work was high in China I but in Malaya it was noteworthy. Bridges destroyed by retreaUng , British were repaired In remark ably short time, sometimes in the : face of considerable gunfire. On one occasion south of Kuala Lum pur in Malaya, the British an nounced a withdrawal and indicat- ] ed destruction of bridges and i blockading of roads. The very next day the British announced that' their aircraft had machine-gun-1 ned 1.000 Japanese vehicles mov-| ing all ng the road the British, had left in ruins 24 hours before.: The Japs have also shown them-; selves able to put a severely bomb- j ed airdrome back in:o operation' in as little as 6 to 4S hours. FIRST FLORIST ■ The business of selling flowers and fohver se ds began in New York City in 1002. Grant Thor burn, a nailmaker, lost Ills Job and. when neighbors admired his wife's geraniums, conceived the idea of selling potted plants. > n U1UIUUKU iUIYCJ 1 ’1 I facilities and rents in this ama has been started bv the Post Housing Officer, following the Office of Price Administration's request for information to be used in freez ing rent level* along the Gulf Coast. The survey got under way last week with the OPA's announce ment that the district between i ,iv agoula and Gulfport has been declared a "d. fense rental area," giving the government authority io make certain recommendations as to rent 1 vcls and, if necessary, to see that they are carried out. In connection with this project, MaJ. Harry G. Douglass, Post Housing Officer, requested yes terday that all enlisted men liv ing olf the Post report to his office to advise him of the amount of rent they arc paying, where they re living, and who their landlord is. This, and other information compiled by the Housing Office, wilt be submitted to the OP A. April 1, 1941, has been stt as the base date for the freezing of rents in this area, and will apply to everything "trim a house to a trailer." Plans call for the ap pointment of a committee to eval uate <aeh piece of property con sidered. and to set up rent levels accordingly. Recommendations as to rent al rtady have been made and land lords have be n given 60 days, in which to make necessary adjust ments. At the end of that period, the government can "step in anv time and regulate rents" if land lords fail to comply. Major Douglass n so stressed that any enlisted man. who is being charg d exorbitant rent should re port the matter to his office for immediate action. LIGHTNING STRIKES Lightning often strikes the earth from an altitude of five miles, but damage to power lines is most often done by low-flying thunder I’lIUDl ( 111IN STOPPED Although Arizona is rich in de posits of petrified stone, it connot afford to waste Its supply since the petrifying process has stopp-d and no more can be produced. By Mathieu I I m THE LEGEND OF /CAROS. 4 m The greek mythological sculptor, DAEDALUS, WAS IMPRISIONED BY KING MINOS ON THE ISLAND OF CRETE. 'MINOS CAN CONTROL THE LAND AND SEA.BUT NOT THE AIR,*HE SAID;-SO HE FASHIONED WINGS FOR HIMSELF AND HIS SON ICARUS FROM FEATHERS HELD TOGETHER WITH WAX AND TAUGHT THE BOY TO PLY, THAT THEV MIGHT ESCAPE. ALL WENT WELL UNTIL ICARUS, SO DELIGHTED WITH HIS NEW-FOUND POWER THAT HE FORGOT HIS FATHER'S WARNING, FLEW SO HIGH THAT THE SUN'S HEAT MELTED THE WAX THAT HELD HIS WINGS TOGETHER .HE FELL INTO THE SEA AND WAS DROWNED. DAEDALUS,HEARTBROKEN, SAW THE FEATHERS FLOATING ON THE WATER, AND KNOWING NOTHING COULD BE DONE, FLgW ON TO SICILY. Though this is a fable,it points a truth and a caution ITiS WISE to DEMAND TOO MUCH OF A MACHINE ; IT IS ALWAYS WISE TO know AND KEEP WITH IN ITS SAFETY L/MIT /j l Church Census Will Be Taken By Chaplains A complete religious census, Us aid in determining need for serv ice* snd denominational represen tation In the various provisional groups, is being carried on a! Keesier Field. Chaplain Patrick E Nolan. Post Chaplain has an nounced. The census is being taken by means of mimeographed forms which or* distributed throughout the squadrons. Data is also beini taken on prospective members oi chapel choir*. Chaplain Edgar B Brooks, As sistant Post Chaplain, has an nounced that the forms will b« distributed to orderly room* in the Second Provisions! Group, foi redistribution to soldiers on pay day._ Keesier Private Saves Life Of Gulfport Lad Pvt. John L. Scales, 585th Tech. Sc. Sq., last Sunday saved the life of a seven-year old boy who was swimming in the Yacht Club Basin, Gulf port, Miss. The boy was In danger of drowning while 75 feet frem shore. His parents, seeing the boy's plight, screamed for help and Pri vate Scales, who was swim ming nearby, rescued him. Before entering the Army Private Scales was a life guard for New York State for 10 years. USO Branch Opens in Biloxi Armory The USO Cl ib in the old Bllox Armory, opposite' the L. Sc N. rail road station, was re-opened foi Keesler field soldiers this week The club will be formally dedi cated within a month when al terations and repairs are full completed. W H. Stokes of the YMCA, di rector of the building, has invifei all Keesler Field soldiers to maki use of the new club. Men who arc wailing for trains are especially urged to use club facilities. The new club will work in co operation with the Biloxi USC Club on East Beach Blvd., anc Mr. Stokes will hold weekly con ferences with Clifford Young o: the National Catholic Community Service and vlward Klein of th< Jewish Welfare Board to coor dinate programs and to discusi mutual problems. The building includes a danci floor, writing room, reading room game room and rooms for var ious other activities. A ventilatinf system insuring summer comfor is nearing completion. Mr. Stokes said he is anxiou; to help any group of Keesler Fielc soldiers or any squadron in plan! for dances at the club. Use of thi club is restricted to military per sonnel. 18 QM Co. Men Win Promotions Eighteen memoers of the De tachment. 906th QM, Co., receiv ed promotions ranging from Cor pora! to Master Sergeant, las week. Among the promotions, T. Sgl Fred G. McQuarters was mad« Master Sergenat; S. Sgt. Kendal Clark and James B. Shuster wen promoted to the grade of Technics Sergeant and Sgts. Ben E. Lack Leighton A. Luth and Charle Richoz were made staff sergeants Corps. Carl J. Amrhein, Herber W. Guill, Lester Lewis, and How aid B. Millican and Pfs. Garfielc Callaway were appointed sergeant Pfcs. Carl Bantin, Edward D Braddock, Donald R- Haver, Har very L. Hartgrove; Eymard Mc Laughlin, Robert V. Layden anc Robert V. Threadgill were mad« Rendezvous Pier Dancing Nightly Good Music Good Order Come and Enjoy Tourself BILOXI . _ Officer Posts Eleven Keesler Field Sergeants have recently been discharged as enlisted men and have accepted appointment as Warrant Officers. Those accepting the posts were: M. Sgt. Earl W. Brenner, Line Ra dio. 59th AB Sq.. M. Sgt. John A. Colvin, Engines Branch Instructor, ACTS; M. Sgt. Otto R. Conner. Jr.. Medical Detachment; T. Sgt. Harry Q Crews. Academic Department; ' T. Sgt. Edward 1% Cutter. Multiple Engines Department ACTS; T. Sgt. Charles L. Fry, non-com in charge. Photographic Section; T. 1 Sgt. Herbert J. Gere, Instructor, ACTS; M. Sgt. Walter P. Griffith, Technical Inspector's office; M. Sgt. Sam Gubner, Line Chief, 59th A. B. Sq.; M. Sgt. Edward L. Krug, Engineering Branch, senior instructor. ACTS; and T. Sgt. James F. Moots, Personnel office. Lorp. Weiss Forms Club for Photographers A photography club for Keesler Field men was organized last week at the Biloxi USO Club under the i supervision of Corp. Irving Weiss, 301st Tech Sc. Sq. An enlarger as well as photographic chemicals are available to members, and they may buy photographic printing paper from the club at a special rate. The dub has its own room which may be used at any time by the members. Contests will be held and prizes offered. A special pro gram is being planned by the club whereby soldiers will act as . models for the members and will . receive prints of their pictures The next meting of the club is on Tuesday at 7:30 p.m. Other clubs are being formed by the Biloxi USO. Materials for wood and leather craft clubs aie available as well as radio sets for practice assembly. The USO is anxious tor stamp collectors and chess fans to form clubs at the USO building on East Beach Blvd. ' Those interested in forming or be longing to these clubs are urged to visit the USO club any night of the week and speak to the director on duty. New Insignia Arrive Here I , A shipment of 30,000 new wing ed Air Corps felt shoulder insignia and supplies of Air Corps metal collar insignia, and permanent party Air Corps Technical Training Command insignia have been received' by the Post Quar ; termaster and distributed to Field ; squadron supply rooms for issue | to soldiers of this command, the Quartermaster announced this week. Low-quarter shoes now in stock I will not be distributed until the present supply of garrison shoes | has been exhausted, 2nd Lt. Mar shall Bailey, Post Quartermaster ' Property Offic r, revealed. WRITE A STORY FOR YOUR HOME TOWN PAPER Do all your friend* back home know where you are stationed and what you've been doing since )»>u entered the Army? Why not write a story for your home town paper? All you have to do is fill out this questionnaire—we’ll do the rest. Pictures are desired, too, so if you have a good clear snapshot, send it along with the completed form to the Public Relations Office, Block 37. Building 7. Remember—all material for publication must first be submitted to that office. Your home town papers_i _ _City_.State__ • * (Your Grade) (First Name) (Midde! Initial) (Last Name) son of_who live at_ (Mr and Mrs.) (Street Address) (City and State) Date you entered Army_Date of arrival her*_. School* you have attended, and degree* received_ Your athletic record Recent activities or promotions on this Field_ PLEASE PRINT OR TYPE:-'