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The Pioneer and woman's advocate. (Providence, R.I.) 1852-185?, December 04, 1852, Image 2

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THE PIONEER
PROVIDENEC, DEC. 4, 1852,
Our Position. -
We have been hard at work abroad among
our {riends, in order 1o establish as large an
agency as possible. We have no cavse to
complain of success ; butit is our time of la
bor, as 1t 1s the starting time with our paper,
for the discussion of the prineiples which will
promote the elevation of woman. Therefore
it may be considered somethirg like up-hill
work, but we have found many ready helpers,
and have established about thirly agents in
different parts of Connecticut, Massachuselts,
and Rhode Island. Their names are given in
this namber. We have sent agencies to four
ladies that we have never seen, but we have
heard a good amount of them in Worcester,
and was advised o send them. “We hope they
will be willing to help us. Their names are
Mrs. Mary Adams, Mrs, Lucy Granger, Mrs,
Laura Carey, and Mrs. Hannah Brown. It
has been the most cheering part of our jour
ney to meet with good and true women, that
were willing to help us, for upon the efforts of
our own sex all our hopes depend ; and there
are wany of us that have long since learned
that we must dare to stand alone; especially
il We are sure that we are right, and we have
good and true men with us, that have offered
their contributions in cur canse, We have
thirteen as good writers perhaps as there are
n the land,—ten ladies and three gentlemen,
one doctor, one student, and one minister, and
among our first and most gifted, we count
Mrs. R. Snell; of Easthampton, Nancy Doug
las, and Dr. Caulkins, of New London, Conn.
We find that our friends are waking up, and
one whole souled woman has given us the
generous sum of twenty dollars, and one two
dollars. Thisis what we most need at the
present time. How many more will give us
half or one-qnarter of twenty dollars? Wo
men of our land! we need your sympathy
and your material aid. Shall we have our
request granted ? Our cause depends mainly
upon ourselves,—and as some of us are sur
rounded by sickness, we hope our friends will
excuse us if we should not be able at all times
to send them twouumbers per mcenth, until
spring, but they may rest assured that il we
are one year among the living, they will have
iheir 24 numbers for one dollar, and 12 for
fifty cents. We hope that all will take our
hiat, and fear not in regard totheir papers.
For the Pioneer. 1
The Slavery of Labor.
Labor was designed for good, butlike
all other blessings, when perverted, it'
becomes an evil. When we allow our~'
selves to be absorbed by any ode pur
suit to the neglect of all others we vio
late God’s laws. That women who la
bor under the present factory system
are living in direct violation of the laws
of their nature is a fact so plain that all
are ready to admit it. They are de
prived ot nearly all the means of social
intellectual and religious improvement.
If asked to make a social call, their nev
er failing reply is, I have: no time. If
they are asked to read a book or attend
a lecture, the answer is, I have no time.
If they are asked to go to church on the
Sabbath, they will say that they have
become so exhausted by the labors of
the week that they must rest. And
notwithstanding the requirements of
corporations and regular attendance at
church on the sabbath, in some of our
" largest manufacturing towns, [ think not
more than one-fifth attend church regu
larly. And why does woman thus live?
Her answer is, she fears she shall not
get quite so much money undera differ
ent system, and she has barely sufficient
to support her now. A perusal of the
report of the Massachusetts ten hour
Convention will serve to convince us
that there is little cause to feara perma.
nent reduction of wages under the ten
hour system. But suppose there should
be. Is money all we live for in this
world ? and will it fit us for an immor
tal progression 24§ Are you sure my
friends that you have barely sufficient
THE PIONEER AND WOMAN'S ADVOCATE.
to support you now? Who buys the
richest silks laces and ribbons who sup
port confectioners, druggists and doc
tors! Ah? my sisters il you had the
ten hour system of labor you might ex
change these useless and injurious arti
cles for trensures that would not only en
hance your happiness in this life but
through all the life to come ; and these
treasures are almost free. Think of
our public libraries containing thousands
of volumes, from which we can select
two volumes a week by paying fifty
{cents annually. And no town could re
fuse to provide evening schoels frge.— ‘
You might turn the confectionary shops
into reading rooms and by forming clubs
you might for a trifling expense have as
many papers as you like., You might
make physiological rooms of the drug
gists stores and have models of the hu
man body take the place of those poison
ous drugs which you purchase so dearly.
You might call the physician to the
counter to deal out instruction instead of
coming to your families to deal out pills
and powders. It is our religious duty
to study the human system. Our Phys
iological text book should have a place
by the side of our bibles. Some will
say that they labor in the millsand save
their money to defray their expenses at
school. But if you do this you thust
overtax your physical energies while
earning the money, and while you are
at school there is a corresponding tax
upon the mind, which, if you had the
short hours of labor, you would not be
come exhausted by either physical or
mental exertion and all would be har
monious. Others will say that they de
sire to lay up money for the a‘pply of
future wants. But there will be little
satisfaction in suffering the torments of
a ruined constitution and exchanging
the hard earned money for bitters and
gordigls. ,And if you chance®W®be mar
ried, such wretched wives and mothers.
Their sufferings beggar all description.
But the time will come when men will
understand physiology and they will
take warning by the sad fate of their
brothers and not marry. If, after hav
ing tested the ten hour system, you find
that it does not pay well, you will feel
that you have time to qualify yourselves‘
for some other business' The sphere of
woman’s labor is expanding, (for you
know woman’s sphere is very elastic.)
There are about 130 now employed in
our Post Offices and official reports say
that they have conducted the business
better than men.
Schools for design have been estab
lished which will enable hundreds of
women to obtain a lucrative employment
for which their taste is so well adapted.
Medical collegesare provided,and many
kinds of busiuess which has been done
exclusively by men will soon be open to
women. There is one other objection
which deserves especial attention.—
We are told that the girls (not the men)
would make a bad use of their time and
the public morals would be ruined. If
the future wives end mothers of New
' England are so degraded that they must
‘be so overworked as to ruin their phys
jcal and be deprived of all the means of
social, intellectual and religious devel
opment, we had better send our mission
aries to the factory towns for the heath
en. For, if we donot, before many gen
erations the heathen will have occasion
to send missionaries to the land of the
puritans. The foreigner who can neith
er read nor write, works 1n winter dur
ing the day ; but the daughters of New
England farmers and mechanics must
work, not only during the day but be
tween four and five hours of the night
lest the public peace should be endan
gered. My sisters, are you wi'ling lon
ger to submit quietly to such treatment?
or will you resolve at once to “ agitate”
and petition until you obtain the right
to a comfortable and useful existence.
LoweLt, Mass. “J vLia.”
I have a nice bed of coals here and
were it not for violating my promise, I
should very soon dispose of it. If I had
the ability to improve it, I bave not the
time, for Thanksgiving 2ompan - began
to come on Saturday.
For the Pioneer.
Woman's Rights and Occupnations.
BY P, N. CAULKINS, M. D.
For many years I have believed that
upon the nature of humanity depended
human rights. They have their origin
in that nature, and should everywhere
be accorded to it.
The nature of men and women being
essentially the same, they are entitled
alike to all the rights pertaining to hu
manity. If there be any difference, it
is not radical—fundamental—in kind—
but in degrece. For instance, woman
has the same kind of philoprogenitive
ness and destructiveness ; but her love
of offspring is greater, and her destruct
iveness smaller than man’s. Therefore
she is better fitted than he fcr the ten
der care of children, and in an equal
degree unfitted for the destructive and
less human occupation of war. She
has modifications in degree that give
her peculiarities; but whatever occu
pation is suited to those modifications,
she can, with perfect propriety, exercise.
There is not a single peculiarity of her
nature that deprives her of any right en-}
joyed by man ; her deprivation being an
unreasonable assumption—an usurpa
tion—in the days of old barbaric rule.—
Her right to control her own destiny and
property in the married condition is{
equal to his: and she has no less right
to vote or assist in making the laws that
protect human rights and regulate the
holding, the alienation, and the taxation
of property, and the laws to regulate
marriages and the control of children—
in short, all laws. To usurp these
rights is ungenerous, heartless, tyran
ous—unworthy the civilization of the
age. Of misery in numberless forms it
is the prolific cause. ?
The same may be said of the usur
pation of the occupations every way
suitable for females. One of the occu
pations thus usurped, is that of the mid
wife. For many years it has been
almost wholly monopolized by men.—
But a better day has dawned. Hus
bands and wives are both becoming con
vinced of the improprieties, the imposi
tions, and the demoralizing tendency of
man-midwifery. And a revolution has
well begun, restoring the business to Its
proper and rightful agents. Wiihin a
few years many women have come, well
prepared by proper instruction into the‘
profession as midwives and physicians.
Female physicians, for females and
children, is one of the best improve
ments of the day; and as a doctor, and
a husband wanting the person of my
wife sacred to myself from the hands of
all other men, and as a man regarding
the proprieties and amenities of mar
ried life, I give them a cheerful and a
glad welcome.
Believing and feeling thus, I have
endeavored to help along this revolution
and comply with a sense of duty, by
qualifying one woman—my wife—for a
practical part in this beneficial reform.
For the last two years she has had the
management of a large number of pa
tients, and has been blessed with extra
ordinary suecess, both as a midwife and
physician.
New Loxoox, Cr., Nov. 9, 1852,
Taxation without Representation.
Norta Mancuester, Wabash Co.,
Indiana, Nov. 2d, 1852. }
Miss a. W. Spencer:—Now is a
great time with the men of this coun
try. Every one stands upon his dignity
as a man and a voter. How would he
feel just on the eve of a Presidential
‘election if some stronger power acting
on the principle that “might gives
right,” should contrive to withhold from
him his right to the elective franchise ?
would he not scratch his head and look
about him very busily to discover from
whence came the authority. But man
has so lomg usurped the political rights
of woman, that many women think that
the present degraded position of their
sex is right, and, like the contented
slave, give conclusive evidence that op
pression has doue its perfect work on
them, it has degraded them until they
do not know that they kave any rights.
Look at the gross injustice to which we
nave had to submit, no matter how low
the ‘man may be, the veriest vagadond
that walks the earth, if he but bear the‘j
name of man, helps to make laws that
the most intelligent woman is bound to
Obey or suffer the penalty. And in the
face of all this, those who attend the
national celebrations, hear it reiterated
again and again that this is a free coun
try, that its boasted liberty was bought
by the blood of our fathers, who were
driven to resist the aggressiors of the
mother country, because she sought to
enforce tazxation without representation.
And what did they do? No sooner
were they free from the shackels of the
tyrant themselves, with their hands yet
dripping with the battles’ gore, they de
liberately fastened upon woman the
chains that tkey had spurned to wear.—
And this usurpation has been handed
down to posterity until the mass seem
really to be of the opiniou that woman
cannot govern harself. Where they
sanuot meet her with argument they try
to frighten her with the indelicacy and
immorality of women, going to the poil;.
But some of us are beginning to see
through that scare crow, and have no
hesitation in saying that that place cr
that company that is not morally right
for woman to go, is not morally right
for man. We should not be surprised
if some who feels the iron of eppression
in their own souls, do feel indignant at
this species of tyranny. With the light
that is now being shed on this subject,
it is time that woman should consider

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