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The Providence news. (Providence [R.I.]) 1891-1906, October 09, 1897, Image 9

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Troops Break Up the Cruel
Practices of Indians.
From Salem to the land ot the Zunis!
Frcm early New England to contempora
neous New Mexico! From the storn rule
of Cotton Mather to the bar barous tyranny
of the Priests of the Bow! A far ery, it is
true, yet distance of time and space meit
away when one reads of the debasing
witochoratt which bhas prevailed among
that tribe of American aborigines and thoe
horrivle erimes that are the consequences
of this superstition,
When the Zuni Princess We-Wa died
the Priests of the Bow, bierarchs of the
tribal cult, concluded she bad been be.
witchod. An old squaw was picked out aq
the sorceross and savjecto! to the most
inhuman torture until she o nfessed tt
she had a familiar spirit. What her uiti
Nai-u-chi, Chief Priest of the Bow.
mato fa*s would have] reen is evilent
bad it uot teen for the interveniion of a
mission tencher. Laeio Sam also !t estirred
himsoelf, with the result t st the erd
‘ag priests have e arviested aund Wia
before long receive 20 ir dosarts,
The torturing O/ tte w t:h of t'e 7uni
rag Loen asenece. Lue hiigh Priest owl
t e Bow are cohind prison bars, awaiting
il Thier companies of United st tes
tCoespe, with a Howehrizs gup, stand over
voe ld pueblo eite, sitnater in the ardd
eserts of New Mexico, whieh shetors the
Topants o a strauge race made fawous
o't ¢ ceomolopista. A civilized vraion
ras r'buk'd a bartarous joon e for ai
‘vas, tine to get ri* of it witeo.xmy, DU
the babas us peaple arve! mush . nt a
u.tion whi h killed off zll itsown witches
We Wa, Princess of Zuni, the
Woman Who Was Ee
should now descend wpon them in the
Patidents of war fer parsuing @ similac
Nire wmonthe ago. in that sun baked,
ncot e olty, where the Zuuni indiane bace
lived for contories, where they had livel
in pence and plente loag bofore the wilio
Mn et ¢ to discover o new world, We.
Wwa. Princess of Zani, fel) sick and dicds
We-Wa, although at heart a Zuni, knew
much of the customs of civilization, BShe
had been in Washiugton, where lives the
Great Father, and where she was much
admired for ber grace and dark beauty
wien she danced in the Kirmese, She
h d met many white people of promin
enee, sand had studied the seicnees of
Yet, whon she fell ill she still expressed
a belief in tne houschold gods of her
p ople, and in the potency of the powers
19 heal employed by the priest doctor of
her tribe. Yhe Zunis are a strange
pocple, showing remnants of a oulture
which in & foew years more will be known
only to history, Yot today, one may see
in the coremoenies all of the native ex
travagance whion met the gaze of Cor
onndo when he apd Lis followers first
brouzht the white man face to face with
bis red brother,
T'hey have net antagonized the white
man. ‘lhey kEave even ascepted him in
their most esoterio sovieties. Some years
ago Frank haniiton Cushing wes made
a 'ricst ol the Bow, the same crganiza
tion whioh s now in disgrace for Its ao
tivity in thiz wit ! extermination,
When We-Wa continued to grow worse,
snd 1 iled repldiy irom day to day, the
e licine mwen vanced and pravel The
prests offered sacre ! meal, atd breathed
on tie sacred plemes to propitite the
ods who had teset ber with her iills, Bag
the gods re‘ured to Jisten to e rreavers
of the pricsis, whish like the sy oke {rom
o altar o 0 Coain (e’ Laok to earth unre
coived by the dwelers in the sky. And
80 We-Wa aie .
11 ¢ Pricsts of the Bow, ti e leading cult
of Zapi, comiose ! of the savans, tle gove
ernor of tie irive and the n.ost {1 rom
inant peorle, sat in solemn councit o
disrover the onuee of We-Wa'a (¢ th,
Jheso privets Lol ! o belief in vitehoraft
and since the jrayer: of the v edicine
nen,with 6 e ute of s eren paratrherna.ia
had not effectod nenre, thee de fued that
some one bad boewitthed Ve-Wa
An old rquaw was sccused of this
henious erime, and by way of determine
inys her gulit ghe was earried to one of
the roofg ef the city and east off. 't he
thenry of the pricets was that if s e was
= witeh she wonld unfur! her v ines and
{1 awav; if not. gle would exemr o ato Lor
solf he Feine RiY'ed, Oar fofa oo s af
wsalem town had mueb t7e sane @ eliof.
Bt the poor oid squaw lay moaning in
t e «troet )
Fre dogs harket ¢ her and
Fitdron peirted the tinerer of comrp, Lo
Pricsigof tle B w, teing stoies]l moe
t e cartied tie old wowan to -po t ana
nune her up by tes thumbsg VYWhe o ghe
conld no lnncer endure thearo v 8 e cone
fewod to havineg bewite' ed We-Wu, the
Priveess of Zugl, to Ler ceath,
Tho witeh of Zuni forna a fricnd and
chamrion in Miss e setto, the mission
gaboo! tencher, and it is larceiv due to
jereffmty that tre old sauaw is atill
wiive, Miss Dessette has worked zend
ously in attemgpting tv ewmavecivate t ¢
Zunis from teeir tiraldom of surorsti
tion, and it was thronah Ler Correspons
cuce with the authoities ar Washin.ton
that the troops were seur, The “*wiich”
had 2o fir recovered that lest week, when
tho troops went into Zavi she was able
to sccompany teem back to Las Luanss,
whore she gave her tostimony,
When the troeps arrived they found
that Nai ya-che and Ne-to-tse, two of the
high prie<ts, bad given thefeelves up to
the sherifl, and on the fallowi' g dav the
other Pricsts of tbe How, Ke .-¢i and
Moorm-asi, surrendered, witiovt a wore,
to the sovereignty of ti¢ law. Lier wero
marched to Loa Lunce, where a prelin
innry hearing was arranged. ‘IFe maoag
istrate hold ench af the fonr on bond of
8V 0 to aepesr at the Febrvary term of
the grand jurv. Bas shey wil S unable
to furnish e tall and the fHur pious
priests will hnve to wait ia jail. No
doubt they wi'l be convicted and sent to
e renitentiary for cight or ron yoars,
The Priesta of the Bow ceonsti
tute the grest wirrior order of the
Zunie, and sre also loaders i the religion
of the people. Na-vucle isa very old
man, aid 18 the wraotiont head of the
ganreh, #0 to spoak. AD ides of the
philosophv of the people mmav be gainesd
from the following incident:—~Some years
ago & missionary who went among them
saw their extravagant ceremonics and
assured the priests through an interproe
ter that they had no religion,
The old priest turned to the missionary
saying: ‘‘Can you understand our
language?'’ to which the missionary re
plied that he could not, The pricst then
remarked with dignity, “*Why do you not
tell us we bave no language!”’
Curiously enough. it is the pious who
have always led in that peouliar form of
persceution with which the Priests of the
Bow are now charged. It was the pious
Cotton Mather who brought on that curse
of witsherait whereby the estimable
Hebeecea Nourse anda somwe 19 other
women of Salem were hanged by their
necks until they were dend—and this in
1092, ounly 200 years ago. it was the
pious Judge in Lorraine who boasted of
having sepntenced WY witches, Pious
John Wesloy said that ‘‘tbhe giving up of
witcheraft was in effcet giving up the
Bible. "
‘Yhe courts for more than a century
found the majority of their cascs based
upon this belief, and many are the
authentie accounts of the monstrous
things scen at the Sabbat where the
black eat received bnemage ard the rat
friar exhibited beneath the edge of the
long skirt whien fell to the ground the
cloven toot by which he was recognized,
A considerable number of persans were
burned in Europe for witcheraft as late
as the close of the eightecnth century, and
in Mexieo, where a telief in witebes is
«t!1]l prevalent. witchos were burned in
1873 by order of the courts
Veory few know it, but it is a fact, that
the Fenslon Office building is the largest
riok building in the world, It has been
gabjectod 1o mooeh eriticism, but it can
stand it. for A&s. the time passes along
there are many things seen about it that
escaved notioe when it was newer, In all
there are over 10,000,000 bricks in the
building. “
Gen., Meigs took libertios with bricks
that no other architcer bad over at
temptod. He not only used bricks ex
clusively for the building, but he used
them in ernstructing the stairs through
out the builaing, In the muatter of stair
building brioks have often been used for
the riser, but the step has always been
of iron, wood, sglate or stone. In the
Penpsion Of9ice both riser and step are of
brick. As a brick building, therefore.
pure and simple, it isunigue in constrne
tion. outside of the fact that it is the
Jargest exelnsively brick building in the
world.—~Wusbhiagton Star.
“Aunt'’ Polly Graves, the last of the
Corpgtalk tribe which once possessed the
Pains Valley, i 8 dving at her eabin on
Potts Hill, a few miles from] Painbridge,
and after her denth one of the best kapt
seceretg of the Paint Valley, the location
of the big lead mine, from whioch the
Indians secoured the lead for their bullets
aud for mmany other purposes, will be re
vealel, For Aunt Polly Graves is the
last living person to possess the seardt,
and, while a fow days ago she pointed out
the place where the mouth of the mine is,
the search for it will mot be commenced
until after her death, which is only the
matter of a short tiwme,
Aunt Polly not onlv claims lineal de
grent from the Indians, but states also
that she was horn 112 years ago. Shoe still
romembers the time when the Paint Val
loy was the huntine ground of her tribe,
he ore a single white man made his age
pearance. As long as the oldest resident
of Bainbridge ean remember she bas lived
in her canin an Pottg Hill, and she was
an old woman when men who are grav
haired now were boys. No one questions
that sve is at leagt 100 vears old, and few
would take a single vear from the age she
herself claims —Buffalo Lxpross,
William H. Hill of Ossawatomie, Kas., had
an adventure in the grand canyon of the Yel
lowstona which deserves to take high rank in
the annala of narrow escapes. He had de
scondod tha eanyon to Ped Rock, below Point
Lookont, He was still 1509 feet above the bot
tom of the great ehasm, Below him an almost
precipitons slope ran down hundreds of feet
to the top of au absoiutely perpendicular wail
of great keight.
Mr. Hill lest his footing and plunged down
waurd along the steep slope. He knew what
was below him. The speed with which he
approached destruction was rapidly acceler
ating and a growing avalanche was accom
panying him. With a desperate effort he
flung hmself upon his back and @ug his
heels and elbows into the earth. It seemed
to him that he slid for miles, hnt he was
rot goi w as fast as at the beginning, Btones
that he had started raeed on ahead of him;
he dug hig heels and his elbows in harder.
And nt last he stopped with something that
felt like #olid rock under his foet,
For some minutos he lay perfectly still, not
daring to move. Then slowly he raised bis
He was on the hrink of the precipice, 600
feet high, The httle Jedge under his feet
was actaally projecting over the edge.
A resene party, almost an hour later, found
him «itting there, Ho was practically am
hurt. =Chleago Daily News,
‘Commodore Perry’s Descendant.
| falene Xoldi made her first appearance be
fore an Ameriearn, sudience last night in con
eort at Central Musie hal', Chieago, before
a large and'fashionable andience, The delut
!wn- A prononneed snecess, the new singer
| bemg recwled a nambor of times, Nile. Noldi
; i« Mise Helen Russell Ulrieh of Clhidengo. Bhe
l is & descendant un her mother's side of Coma
.'.m 'G'"o
The New Railway Station as It Will Appear When Approaches Are Complzted and Old S:ation Removed.
Captain of a Fire Company Was
Yery Proud.
His Mother’s Ideas of th: New Uaiform
Were Not Entirely Satisfactory.,
The captain of one of the North End
firc companies sallied out of his station
yesterday as happy as a lord. He wore a
prand new coat, On the right arm werea
number of stripes of black braid, the
same indicating the number of years he
bad teen a member of the department,
Of oourse this captain was proud of the
iusignai, and only wished that he was
üble to wear one or two more,
Tee black braid was put on the coat in
an artistic manner, and the valiant fire
tighter, to go with the new adornment,
had communed with the barber and the
bootblack. He met a number of acquaint
ances, all of whom took hold of his arm,
and inspected the braid, as if they were
paid to do so. All hoped (that the good
looking captain would live long enough
to have the left arm of the coat used up
in decorations of that kKind,
But pitfalls beset tae path of every per
son, and the captain cencountered one,
In consequenee hefisdown -hearted, It was
a small matter but it worried him just
the same, ‘lhis is how ithappened:
When the captain resched his home,
and was greeted by his wife and ehiid be
found that his goed old mother frows the
“Caje’’ had come for a fow days' visit.
She admired her son, made him stand in
the middle of the big parlor and tears
came in her eyes, 50 proud was she of
him. The oaptain was also proud, to
think his mother was so vroud of him.
His mother took up his right arm and
looked at the braid and cxamined. the
goods of the garment, and at last her eyes
rested on the collar of the coat, and then
ghe reraarked: *'ls 11 the numier of your
company !’ He apswered that eleven was
not the number of his company, **Well, "'
said the old lady, ‘‘what are those tin
horns on your coat and cap for, it
they haint the figures 117 That's whaf I
was taught when I went to school.”
““No. mother, those two tin horns as you
eall them are worth something like five
conts cach, and in a silent manner in
form the publio that I am a oaptain of
the fire company.’’” “*Well now, my boy,
of course, you have got wise, great, and
I hope good men &t the bead of your com
panics as we bave down home, and. L
don’t suppose that any advice from mo
would do any good. but you might tell
them that your good old mother sug
gested that they ean enhance your per
sonal nppearance, by having worked in
gold, the letters ‘Captain’ on these little
s juares of blue celoth. Once on the front
of that pretty cap, and one on eazh of
your broad shoulders, and then if they
objcot they can order you to tack on the
little tin horns. You'll do as I ask you,
wont you?"’
“Yes, I will,” answered the son, ““but
lot us go to dinner now;"” and during
the dinpner hour the cantain was mum
on the tin horn.
At what hour of the day is the man at
his strongest, and so fitted to do hard
work with the least weariness? (FProbably
the answer oceurring at once to most
persons would be, **When he gets up in
the morning.’”’ ‘l'his is by no means the
case: on the contrary, accordinz to ex
periments of Dr. Buch with the dynamo’
mweter, a mwan is preeisely at his woake: ¢
when be tarns out of bei. OCur museniar
forew is greatly inereased by breakfas,
but it attains to itB highest point afur
the midday meal. It then sinks for a
few hours, rises again toward evening,
but steadily declines from night till
morning. The two chief foes of muscular
force, aceoraing to Dr. Buch, are over
work and idleness, Sweating at work
deteriorates the muscles, Many of the
great workers of the world have been
eariy ricars. DBut early rising, according
§) Duceh's doctrine, ought alwavs to be
gupplemented by early breakfasting.
lL.ondon Star,
A great revolution in warfare will be
effected if anything comes of the new
French rifle which discharges viiriol in
stend of bullsts, MHeroes do not fear
desth, but paturally <hrink from dis
flgurement. ‘U'he Duke of Wellington, we
are told in the Latin Grammar (comie),
would ““walk among the cunnon ball,
him not earing sne blow,'’ but even the
great Duke would hardly have exhibited
the same indiferdiion to ritles squirting
vitriol, No decent looking soldier will
bo got to face them; they will have to he
approasched backward. This will entali n
system of drill, Think of o whols regi
ment eharglog baekward ' 11 both forces
are possessed of this novel weapon, the
speetacle will be donbly entertaining,
Our idess will not enly be tran<formed
but inverted. When our warriors return
(«avs Jawes Jayn), they will no longer
exhibit witn pride the wounds they have
received in front—quite the reversa; the
more behind the better.—San Francisco
Argonaut. s
The London ‘‘Raillway News. ' iman
artinle on tha British VPoilway system,
gives the following figi P showing (1@
length of railways an. (heir cost, to
gethor with the busine- dove last sew:
Miles of railways, 29,174, capital cost,
1114, 080,000 ponnds: pa-<ongers eartied,
WA, 570,000 tons of materials earried, 210,.
oo tons of goods cartied, LBOOO
miles teaveled by Grpln e BG4S 00 ;] Te
@ ipts [rom pessonger. 17 3L WA poundsg
recelpis from frelgnt, 44,004,000 pounds;
wiorking cxpenses, 450000 pounds;
pumcer of Jocomuotives, 15,658, number
of vehicles, 677,000,
Lightning melted the wire fromm which
a canarv pird’'s cage hung. ‘l'he cage fell
to the floor and the bird was liberated un
Although it is hard to fina a Chinaman
who will acknowledge that he knows
anything about opium smoking or its
effcots or who can even understand the
nglish language when it is used in con
nection with that sabject, there are some
who assert that opium smoking is a
specifle agninst yellow fever; that one
who is addioted to the habit is immune
against yellow fever germs. If stricken
with the discase, unless moribund, these
Chinamendelaim that a person may cure
his malady by smoking bimself iuto a
state of insensibility., lic wakes from
happy dreaws a well man,
A woman who bad for several years
suffered from necrosis of the bonoes of the
nose went to the Bellevae hospital, New
York, last Mav. ‘Lhe discase had pro
gressed until the cartilage and tissucs
of the nose were destroyed and o cavity
appeared in their place, The discased
parts were removed, Pieces of flesh woere
taken from different * portions of the
patient’s wdy and shaped into the form
of a nose With silver tubes inserted for
nostrils. Careful antiseptic treatment
then Kept the parts from sloughing until
there was adhesion, Finally, healthy skin
was cultivated over the whole, The only
defacement is a wrinkle at the juneotion
of the nose graft where check tissue was
cut. I% is believed that this will dis
appear. The pati™¥® says the new nose
foels like her old one.
Two and one half hours are required
for a mosquito to develop from its first
8 age a speck resembling cholera bacteria,
to its active and venomous maturity,
The inseet in all its phases may be in
stantiv Killed by eonfaect with minute
quantitics of permanganese of potash. It
is elalmed that one part of this substancg
in 1500 of solotiop distributed in mos
quito marshes will render the dgvelop
ment of larvae impossible; that a hand
ful of permanganate will oxidize a ten
acre swamyp, kill ite embryo inscets, sand
eep it fee from organic matter for
thirty days at a cost of 25 cents; that
with oare a whole state wmay be kept froe
of insect pests at a small cost, An
etlicacions method is to seatier a few
erystals widely apart. A single pineh of
permanganate has Killed all the germs in
a 1000 gallon tank.
In one of our Southern cities, on a
table in a store, was some candy, made of
sugar and glucose, brown in color and
transparcut, Suaddenly came a lone flash
of lightning, accompanying a clap of
thunder. lonstantly a photograph was
made upon the candy of a wrapper of
Ameorican flags lying eruinpled on the
floor, in front of the table. I'be insgorip
tion, ‘‘National Flags, '’ beginning with
tbe fourth lettor of the first word, just ns
much as was visible, was transferred by
the Jightning to the eandy on the table.
It was a verfeet reproduetion, biack, and
inserted face front, 28 in the original, and
not reverse, as would be the result were
gome one to transfer them by applying
the wraprer to the surface of the candy.
IThe fact that there was a mirror in front
of the table does not explain the printing.
The fish commission has just issued its
report o the ovster. The “‘fattening’
I®ocess i 3 not a fattening proocss ot all but
is adevice tojgive theloyster an illusive ap
pearance of plumpness. It injures its
flavor and extracts cortain of its nutritive
ingretionts, ““Plumping'’ consists in
changing the oyster from denser to less
dense water, causing the fluids in the
tisgues to prss slowly outward, and the
less saline water in whieh the animal is
now iwmmerseld to pass more rapidiy in
ward, The tissues swell by an inerease
of the fluid contents, Chemical experi
moente show that the oyster luses with the
dense tuids that pass out 13 yer cent
of its nutritious substances protein, fots,
varbo-hydrates, and mineral salts, Lhe
total weight. however, increases from 12
to 20 per cent. The same resuit may be
gnined Ly placing oysters in fresh water
after removing the shetl, Cases of
typhoid fever traced to oysters may have
been eaused hy disease germs in the
water to which they bave been removed
for so-called fattening.
Any stimulus that comes to the nerve
eclls from withoat, exeiting thought, leel
ing, or movement, involves adischarge ot
the encergy stored in these little reservoirs,
A nerve cell, nader a microscope. s
found to eor=ist of an outer pulpy shell
and o oentral nucleus. These are sap
posed to shrink to one half their natural
size after prolonged stimulation, ‘This is
the state ealled “‘nervous exhanustion,”’
After a cortain amount of orain work
ohanges in kecaness of perception, mental
vigor, and even in certain moral quali
tics mav be observed. Irritability, lack
of so!f-control, and certain forms of vie
fousneas sometimes result from the over
tacing of nervous energy. Professor M,
V. Bhea telieves Inek of nutrition to be
one of the agencies which promote brain
fatigue and intellestural sluggishness
In order to remain healthy the cercbral
eells must atsorh a cortain smount of nn
triment from tke blood daily. They re
quire albumen, also known as proteio.
Oupe half the grav matter and onc-quarter
of the white matter of the brain coßsists
of this substance, Of beefsteak 207 per
cemt, salt codiish 25,0, boans 2252 ehicken
192 rolled onts and fresh fish, each 16,
grahnm tlour 14, wheat Hlour 12, ples and
puddings 12, and vegetables (on an aver
age)) about 1, per eent s pretein. A
change in dict will often bring anout
marked tmprovernent in meptal notivity,
Keonness, enderance, and amiability
[ntepse excitement, teasing or anzithing
whioh provokos antagonism shculd be
avoiged in dealing with delieate ohildren,
Terrorized a Territory by
Robbery and [lurder.
Los Angeles, Cal,, Oct. 9=Bob Wileox
died with his boots on-just as all the
old-timers at *Tombstone 17 years ago
predieted he would, There have, how
ever, been times in the past dozen years
that some of the men, who were formerly
at Tombstone have temporarily revised
their opinion of Bob and have thought he
might die in bed as most other people do,
He has been prospecting in the Sierras
through Kern and Amador counties in
California for more than a deeade and
nas led sueh a guiet, uneventful ocarveer
that it sec:ned as if he would live to an
old age after all. A short time ago, how
ever, he went on a spree in the little min
ing town of Ferbush in Mono county and
while bhe was groggily reaching for his
gun he was shot dead by another miner
with whom be had had a quarrcl of a
fow days' standing. He was aged 47
years, and was buried a few bours after
e fell,
Bob Wileox was a half brother of the
once notoriou=*¥ill Howard, the most reck
less bandit ever knewn in Arizona. Bob
and Bill were together in several shoot
ing scrapes, but they «Lnumlcd and Bob
was driven out of Tombstone by the sec
ret vigilantes, while Bill went to stage
robbing on_the wholesale plap, Bill died
about a year ago in Yuma prison, after
haviog led a life there of genuine piety
and Christianity. ) A
Among the hordes of men who went to
Tombstone in the summer of 1878 were
four Lounc men, Dan Wilkins, Bill How
ard, Bob Wilcox and (}oormi)Wilbur. They
came from the vicinity of Boston, Mass,,
originally, und had lived in tho suining
cam‘m of Colorado and idaho for twolve
or fifteen years, ‘Lhey were wonderfully
expert shots, cared for no one, gambled
with perfect abandon, and they soon had
a following.
Bill Howard became the night eity
marshal in 'Lcmbstone along in the fall
of 18785, It is unecertain whenee hederived
his authority. as the town was not in
corporated and there were no legally con
stituted powers. It was probably con
ferred upon him by eommon conscnt,
or, rather, assumed bLyg bim in the ab
senee of protest,
For six or seven months he conducted
himself with tolerable propricty and bhad
a reputable enough standing—although
most men preferred he sbhould keep at
s distance. But, however harmless be
had beretofore teen, he had now entered
a school that quickly duvclcflvod his innate
depravity and ferocity. o was begin
ping to imagine himself “‘ehiel,’’ an as
sumption that never went unchallenged
ina frontier towi. k
One night Howard was oaught corumit
ting o petty highway robbery. It was
belioved he had been robbing along time,
but no one deemed it prudeniy to investi
gate the matter. He was not even arrest
ed for the offense in whieh be had been
detected, so completely were the authori
ties terrorized by him,
They simoly dropped bim from the
police force, to which he bhad belonged
gince the dncorporation of the town,
From that time Howard became utierly
reckless and desporate. Urim, swageering
aud bloody-cyed, people avoided him as
they would a rattlesnnke. He lived off
the terror of the restaprateurs, saloon
keepors and gamblers. He had a quarrel
one doy with a man who sold coffee and
shot him throvgh the shoulder without a
sceond’s thought, Ywo large revolvers
and & big knite were always strapped to
hig person. He would enter a gambling
house, seat himsel! at a taple and appro
printe what chips ¢ ploased from the
stacks of the playvers and apply himselr
unmolested to the game. Such state of
atfairs nallv besmwe unendurable to the
sporting fraternity and it was resolved to
put him out of the way.
One night while he was sitting at a
vingt-ct-un table in*the baok part of the
Apache saloom, on Ming strect, three
moen with records as blaek as his own,
but not possessed of his strength or fear
lesspess, shook the dice ai the bar in
front to decide which of them should Kill
him. The lot sl to Dan West, ns
reptilian an assassin as aver disgraced the
conast. €
‘Lhe arrangements wers quickly made,
West withdrew and provided himsel! with
a double-barrelled shotgun, Whon he was
prepared and had sintloved him-elf outside
of the rear of the saloon, one of his con
ferieraies fired o wpistol in front. bat,
mean a« Howard was, he haa friends and
he was informed of the plan tosssassinate
him He was therefore on his guard,
During the general rush of men in the
«aloon to the front door to ascertain what
was the ocession of the shot, West
opened (he back door a little, throst his
shet gun into the aperture and instantly
fircd at the plaee w‘wro he had scen How
ard sitting » moment before,
Howard had, however, shiltod his seat,
and so eseaped o heavy chargs of buck
<hot. In a moment ho leaped from his
nasty concenlmeant bebind the bar, and
revolver in haud, ran out of the ‘rear
door in the darkness, West, who no deubt
thought he had killed Howard, was
caught on the run o bloek nway. How
ard ran plamp up agnivst him, wrenohed
the smosing shotgun from bs hand and
throwing him to the gronnd held him
there with ons foot whils bo emptied bis
0 to 12.
“wo revolvers into West’s head and chest,
That night Bill. Howard fled to the
mountainz, and the next heard from bhim
be was at Guaymas, Mex., Bob Wilcox,
who had been at enmity with Howard,
and had killed two men at the Shaetfelin
mine, heard how the vigilantes were after
his half brother Bill, and he started for
Tuoson, ana never went baok to Arizona,
when he once got away. Bill, however,
coulc not keep away, He got back to the
territory in May, 1551, He was shot and
captured in an attempt to bold ug tho
Maricopa stage, and was sen¢ to Yuma
prison for life. A more sudden change
probably never came over & man Shan
over Bill Howard in the fi*rst mounth of
his confinement. ‘Yo was a broken down
man when he wont to the territorial
prison. His long dissipation, and his ex
pusure to various climates, and his loog
disregard of health, all told suddenly up
on bhim, He was from the firet one of tl@®
most tractable vrisoners in Yuma, He
never roferred to his Tombstoue exper
fences, although all the old-time residents
of Arizona, whenever they visited Yuma
prison, invariably asked to see Bill How
ard, the bad man of Lombstone.
Dan Elkins and George Wilbur, who
went to ‘Yombstone with Howard, bes
cnme the boldest highway robbers ever
known in Arizona. ‘l'bey went from the
wining town to Tucson, about sixty
miles northwest frem Tombstome, in
the spring of 1579, They unfagod
themselves us workers about the livery
stable in Tucson, where the teams
that drew the coaches from the mines
across the alkali desorts o Los Angeles,
in Southern California, rested ana were
replaced by fresh teams and drivers,
Thy two men afterward sald they wens
to work there to learn about horses, and
to espoecially know tne babits and dispo
gitions of stage drivers.
In the fall of 1579 highway robberies
began to ocour along the lines of the
stages from lTombstone to Yuma and El
Paso. ‘Lhey were always done by twe
Iwen who wore white masks., The wmode
of attack was varied. Yhey stoppotrthe
stage to California three times near
Florence., and then the next week tLe
151 Paso stage was robbed 250 miles away
in another direction. The driver was
killed in two instances, and another time
a miner from Tombstone, wio was slow
in getting out of the coach with his bage
of gola dust was shot dead. One attack
was in the night, and others at differemnt
times in daylight.,
OUnoe one of the robbers took passage on
the stage at sowme Mexican pueblo near
Maricopa. He was, of course, wall dis
guised and said he was on his way to Los
Anpgeles, At a certain spot on sthe way
he arew two pistols and compelled the
pass ngers who wers lolling baock on the
cushioned scats inside the ocoach to sud
denly rouse from their sleepiness with
the cold muzzle of a revolver pressed
against their respective faces, Then in a
fow words in an under tone so that the
driver outside could not hsar he com
manded each of the five passengers to
keop silont and put his wateh, money acd
gold in his(the robber’s) capacious over
eont pocket, One young man, who seem
ol dexterons, he ordercd with ecoocked
nistol ngainst his back, to ssarch each of
the passengers, to throw all the firearms
he found out of the coach window, and to
turn all valuables into the highwaywan’s
big pockets,
Dan Elkins is remembered as the orige
inal lone bandit of the Southwest bee
cause, single-nanded and aloue, he once
held up & stage load of eight pnmngz
besides the driver, when @il wore arm
1t was a most daring and reckless thing
to do, as may be readily seon. For weeks
it was tho talk of the me= in and abous
Tombstone, For some reason Wilbur was
not slong with Elkins on a raid one day,
when the stage was rumsbling along
through the San Miguel Pass, and is
spomod a fis opportuniiy for klxins to
make apother raise of money. Elkins
gt uil the wealth there was on that siage
and made his escape.
Their hiding place was 30 liles south
from Benson,emong the granite foothilla
whoere no white man but they had probe
ably over been. Indians were hired to go
to the spot, and to act as if they were
out hunting and had unwistingly stum
bled upon the bandits, whom they did nos
know. Ine plan worked well, The
bundite were asleep when the Indians
camo there one warm afternoon. Toe
Avnaches askod for food, end while Wile
Lbur went to get n knife to out a slice
from a deer hanging in the mesquite
bush near at haud, one of the Indians,
pretonding to be jnterested in one of he
white stranger's matu;s. discharged 1¢
A fow minutes later the posse rode ‘
peli-moll from bebind a low foothill ‘\fl
tmpeded the view,
“We're trapped, wo're mon«l".hflohfi
Elking, as he jumped from his couch
jeaves and saw the horsemen d’fll’
about the bandit<' hidieg place. In
woond he and Wilbur were ocehind two
great onk< atd were prepared to flm
lives n« dearly as pos<ible. 'or & m
ihey were off their gunnds and forgot the
Indinns in the eamp in tr rosr, nad e
cooner had they tarned thdir faces rownrd
(he advancing pusss than both Kikin sod
Wilbur wers shot in the oack by the
Apachie trailers s

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