Newspaper Page Text
Pol. I. No. 26.
RALEIGH, N. C, SATURDAY, MARCH 15, 1884. Price 5 Conta. NEW YORK SIGHTS. fiTllER riXl IJAR AM) ME- f ,v f : II O L V OCC UP ATIONS i ) hi ii i I" s Trader The Toll-CIaOi- The itamuung Ad vertisement, l : i - If nmnn ftrin-fialirnf and"1"" K, t Cl,, I Correspondence of the Chronicle. uk, March 12. The life that au - i. . i a . . ads is lull 01 spice aim anciy I with the business of hundred ,,n this same Fulton street. A kinr fellow stands all day at the the Broadway omnibuses where r a C e . I . u.. m1 in iron i 01 me it'in-iiuuw. jic ',,', h Ids the door open and aids ladies ' . '. iti.ti iiti K.vitv t'ii KiroTi(l ii : -m- "I- , . 1, a-; ri'-iid regularly as it lie guided ins ',ij,v the watch, he savs, "Brud-way ! ;;,i-vvay iin.r--. iV :'" :dw , lit Up!! Brud-way ! 7 and noth Kaiu or shine, that "Brud !s greets your ears when you if the ferrv-house. He never 1 i i ii.... ik- I 1 iiiviMxiv. in- never says any ilc does nothing but stand holding the door and assisting ladies ,1 crving -'Brad-way!" "When one 'bus iilli he waves to the driver, says r.I-udwaV . and another drives in place, change, no variety, no n-st. ;, rc i- no .! a li:" f Brud-Way! up! Brud-way' t niii s a mmuie nourauer nour, ear r war. He knows nobody, nobody i 1 .. fi v - III in. manv nuimrecis ol mousanus c as hews set; him every day. . nor smokes, nor spits, He nor n varu s the tone of his voice. U "f people brush by his elbow l nous talking tin, n-amls ot things, but they never inrh his monotonous continuous invita- II. n.l hr has near neighbors who lead an laHv monotonous and entirely silent life men who collect the tolls of foot pas- ".,-! at the ferry. He sits behind a !;iur with cents in piles of three and ir and eight and nine on it and rakes in two-cent fares during the middle of day and the one-cent fares during the , i riit hours, early in the morning and in the afternoon. If you give him tents or ten Cents, he pushes your 1 .. TP ...... 4,.. liat'g? Towards OU. 11 ou piauunu ivw or one (as most people do) he sun- v rakes u in. jieneei .;tvti niuu.um 1 " . 11.. . . , I'll -l Mj 1 .kill bu.lv ever savs a word to him. As fast people le can push m push in, he rakes, rakes .s. the cents millions and millions of in Ml into a box. During the hours of of the travel, from six to nine and tin Mteen to nineteen o ciock, two oi I. .... t..ll ratherers rake m each about triitv cents a minute sometimes thirty I t'urtv or fiftv. Their right hands ac- iiv the motion mechanically. They are e inoJ solemn-looking men in the world. The most solemn-looking except one Slier class the poor fellows who carry gn boards along Pulton street in par ticular. On a wide card -board supported Ly a start' you read the name and low prices of a dealer in music or in books or iiitcigars ; and the meekest men you ever raw solemnly walks the street carrying 'is banner. One fellow has a glass case in but of him and another is on his back, the to being fastened to straps which pass Vt his shoulders. In each is a silk-hat i name of the dealer and the price irked on it. This fellows walks as if he fciv a whole tuneral procession, lie says felling. He sells nothing. He goes no- re. Tramp, tramp, tramp all day. here is another interesting human i-iiiae near the ferry. He is the pro . tui- tat least the salesman) of one of jBt .street newstands in the world. He . jU all the papers, all the magazines, the " fc.ular novels everything that passers-by ir -hase. He stands there yelling a long jta!. .gue of publications in the most ani-jit.-.I way imaginable 'Telegram-Post -fvs-M a i 1-Express-'Eagle Union-4 1 h edi n." He is the picture of energy. There I life in his tone and quickness in his jpv.-m. nts. He will give you a paper and feir change in the twinkling of an eye; Id his tongue never stops. A more en feetic fellow you never saw. And he fs made 10.000 right there. But speak him about any other subject than his bnutunous business, and in an instant k energy and tact and quickness disap fcir. He becomes melancholy in express . 3i and you find out that you are talking ' every stupid dunce. lie has learned r trade and his quickness is all artificial, reality he is a sad and dull fellow. "f"t range ways of making a living and Jranire habits thev cause ! Politics in Pender. Rpi cinl Corresxndence of the Chronicle. 4J.OCKY Point. Pender Co., N. C As It there is scarcely a ripple in the turbid Utersof politics in these Eastern coun ts. The industrial classes, most of them J poverty, and suffering from the effects I last year's failure of crops, will be hard I n rouse from the political indifference V now finds them hard at work in pro Sing food and raiment for their needy V-'les. You may rely upon one fact, pwv.r, and that is, if " the hard Demo 5K. 'ti'ons of toil in these counties can aiiwit' induced to take part in politics, ley will demand of machine Democratic 3k-e seekers to take back seats in order at our ablest, purest and boldest men come forward to save the State. At I-r the contest this year will be doubtful, !1 it will only entail defeat to nominate v bemoerat'for Governor unless he is r ( lass in ability, purity, eloquence and tr-onal magnetism. He must be, too, of b t bold, aggressive nature inai win 'hi; enthusiasm and enforce conviction he stump, as he canvasses from the Sa t the Tennessee line, lit is a generally admitted fact that Oc- r ius Coke has a strong hold upon the i h neo and grateful regards of the 1-torn Democracy. He stood as an ada- jKiu me pillar when as the author in our Pttf Canitol of our present system of pint y government he there labored with roie devotion and great ability tor the fugging white people of the East, as k-y were ground to the dust Dy iegro and carpet-bag domination. . The Ilen-IIouse of the World. From the Hickory Pres. srs. A. A. Stiff ord & Co., of Hick hipped to the North about 9,000 eggs during the month of February, s an immense quantity sold by re- IZ-l id to the town trade. What Pious Living Does. from the Wilmington Review. here are six members of the First Bap Church in this city whose united ages hunt to 501 years, or an average of 84 prs. Their atos are 75. 80. 83, 84, 89 t 'jo years respectively. GILDINCi AND FIRING CHINA. The New Industry Established in Ral eigh which is a Great Convenience, and Matter of Pride. Last Saturday night there was a tire in the back yard of Mr. Kugene L. Harris in this city. Mr. Harris was there, poker in hand, punching and working around a sort of pot, his face the color of his elny coalman's. "This." said he. "is the china- firing establishment of E. L. Harris fc Co. Look down this tuln; and see." A little smoke-stack protruded from the pot and the pay you got for singeing your beard in looking down it was the sight of a red mass. "That's china. See how beautiful ly it is heating. When that has a rose color, it's just right.'' Presently he pulled a trigger under the pot, the charcoal all fell away from around it, and 80 pieces of painted china were left to spend the night cooling and to wake up Sunday morning with colors fast for ever. Until these gentlemen began this indus try here e very piece of china painted in North Carolina had to bo sent to New York to be fired, running the risk of break ing going and coming, and paying express or freight charges. Now the schools and private persons who wish such work done can save danger and monev and time. And this is the only such establishment in the South. Mr. Harris says that doing this work here has already stimulated the pretty art, which happily has during the last few years become more and more common ; and he thinks that all such work done in North Carolina, Virginia and South Caro lina will be sent to him to be; gilded and fired. You would have to make a long search to find a handsomer lot of ware than that he was handling that night. It was work done at Peace Institute. The process of gilding, which as well as that of firing is interesting, requires not a little care and artistic skill. And the fact that Mr. Harris does both with his own hands doing with his artistic skill what in many other places is left for appren tices or employees makes this novel and significant enterprise the more notewor thy and praiseworthy. Another new thing ! Whatever is de manded is likely to be supplied by home enterprises. FREE MAIL DELIVERY. Why we are not Likely to CJet It Pre cisely iioav tne uase nests. The law now provides that there shall be a free delivery of mails in towns of 20,000 inhabitants or. more.: and that- there may be, at the discretion of the Postmaster-General when there is money appropriated for that particular use free deliveries in towns where the postoflice's gross yearly receipts are as much as $20, 000. Raleigh is among towns of the latter class. Raleigh, therefore, may have a free de livery if the Postmaster-General sees fit to order it, and if there is money appropri ated for that purpose. Postmaster-General Gresham told Posrmaster Nichols that he was especially anxious for Raleigh, and all similarly situated Southern towns, to have a free delivery. The appropriation of the last Congress for this purpose, however, was not large enough to cover these Southern towns. The hope that Raleigh has had is that this Congress would appropriate enough for this specific purpose to give us the free delivery. But the appropriation bill as reported to the House by the committee cuts the special appropriation for letter carriers and the free delivery system down $200,000 less than the last appropriation. If the bill is passed in this shape we shall not have the free delivery. Similarly situated to Raleigh in this matter are Charlotte, Wilmington, and a great many other Southern cities. The whole matter, therefore, now rests not with the Postmaster-General, not with local postmasters, not with particular members of Congress, but with the House in general, and with the Postal Appropri ation committee in particular. The econ omy of the Democratic IIouso is against the chance. To Form an Economist Clnb. To TnE Chronicle : I have been wait ing these two months with a great deal of interest some practical developments of vour suggestion which was so cordially suggested by Senator Vance, to form in Raleigh a club for economic study a rev enue-reform club. My notion is not to organize anything like a political club at least not a club for hurrah campaign work, but a permanent society, to be composed of studious men who believe in free-trade as the proper doctrine for us to practice ultimately. Let it be not a theoretical didactic dull thing, but a company of men who are willing to study not theories so much as actual problems in our society. For in stance, let it investigate and publish the actual effects of the tariff on North Car olina industries. Let it accumulate in a gradual way a library : let it look into all our industrial and economic questions how we can stimulate manufactures ; how we can successfully work for immigration, how we can stimulate a demand for skilled lalor. There are ten thousand questions (more or less) to investigate which would make every investigator wiser, and would formulate and build up a healthful public opinion and be a local centre of referenco for thought on such questions. Among other things it might invite Mr Henry Watterson to Raleigh when he goes to Chapel Hill next summer, have him to deliver an address and entertain him. I beg to ask that further suggestions be made by any gentlemen who are interested in this proposal, in your next issue. Economist. lialeiyh, March 13. POLITICAL NOTES. A voice iKOM Winston. i ne papers and the people ot this district are almost unanimously for Gamer tor Governor. Free lress. A Western Man for the Second Place. A Caldwell correspondent of the Mor- ganton Mountaineer nominates Col. S. Mc I). Tate for the Lieutenant-Governorship. A Good Ticket. For Governor. Hon. John A. Gilmer ; for Lieutenant-Governor, Major Charles M. Steadman; for Con gress, Judge Thomas Ruffin. Durham Recorder. A State Ticket. Nominate a new set of State officers, with Scales and Stead man at the head, and mark our prediction, North Carolina will cast a heavier vote than she has ever done before in her his tory. Winston Sentinel. SOUTHERN HOTELS. A TRAVELLER OF EXPERIENCE WRITES HIS CRITICISMS And Kindly Suggests that Certain Im provements would Result in an In crease of Hatiness. To The Chronicle. Gheensijoro, March 12. I have occa sion to travel through nearly all the South eastern States, and 1 know w here the good hotels are and where there are not good hotels. It is not in a spirit of complaint that I write about the plain necessity for improvement, but from a desire to see everything keep pace with the times. Plain speaking is necessary to correct an almost universal evil, one that tells against the South with painful force all the time, yet the men most interested pecuniarily, as a class, do not seem to see it. I have found more good hotels in Florida than in any other State in Dixie. In North Caro lina I have tried them in seventeen cities and towns. You don't expect much in country places, but there is a Virginia gentleman at Waynesville in your moun tains who has the true idea. According to his means and facilities he keeps a splendid place. When a man does his lest he should be credited with it. There are houses in Greensboro, the Beiilxw and the McAdoo, which come very near the mark ; clean rooms, quick attendants, a neat table well served, fresh vegetables. plenty of sweet milk and rich cream. 1 honor those good landlords. Then vour own Yarborough, a poor building originally, is getting to be a delightful place. Good food in abundance cooked to the taste, coffee equal to any, well aired rooms, nice ly laundried bed linen, clerks without big breastpins, but attentive and courteous to all guests. Kittrell's is another place en titled to commendation. here are the others ? Doubtless there are more, but I have not happened to see them. The great lack of every Southern State, j our own included, is that the landlords have not got hold of the true hotel idea. This is a more serious affair than the un initiated would suppose. For every ten winter tourists who visit the South now, there would be a hundred if the hotel sys tems were changed to meet the tastes of the traveling public. Take any one of the best and notice the method of the servants. The head waiter conducts the guest to a seat, draws out the chair with a flourish, pushes it under the sitter, bows politely and retires. A dozen waiters may stand idle at other tables, but the tourist, accus ToiriediQ -immediate attention, waits in wondering aniioyinuTe'-tikJKaiU011111, John comes at his leisure from the m3"da4iirrTOr2i1JS rious retreat from which meals arc evolved You order two or three dishes; he hears it all, then rushes off for water and serves you with a full goblet. About ten min utes later he returns from the kitchen, puts down any quantity of little dishes, including, if you are lucky, one (or two possibly) of those you have called for. In valids of delicate appetites, who comprise a considerable per centage of the winter travel from the North, find their plates surrounded with an array of little dishes containing samples of almost everything on the bill of fare. That sight alone des troys what meagre appetite they had. The fastidious stomach rebels, and after a short struggle with the fleet of ditty dishes, the invalid beats a retreat. The entire system is as wasteful as it is absurd. People want what their tastes demand, nothing more. Part of the trou ble lies in the mental incompetence of tho waiters to carry m their heads a multipli city of orders, but the evil is in the sys tem. If the landlords would abjure ditty dishes entirely, limit their viands to a rea sonable number, instruct their head wait ers to see to it that no guest was delayed for a moment, unless every waiter was actually busy, it would go far to remove these crying evils. When a family or a group ot friends dine together nothing promotes their en joyment more than to have the steak for all in one piece which the head of the par ty can serve to each. So with any other dish. But when every diner is surround ed by individual dishes, the social charac ter of the meal disappears. It is every one for himself. In conclusion, a well kept hotel invaria bly promotes the prosperity of the town in which it is kept, while a poor one drives people from a town and dries it up. AN .LX-llOTELIST DRUMMER. Personal JTews from Wilmington. Special Correspondence of The Clironicle. Wilmington, March 13. The city sus tains a decided loss in the removal to Washington City of one of our prominent citizens and a leading physician ot the State, Dr. H. S. Norcom. He is a gentle man of high attainments in his profession and of acknowledged skill in its practice. He removes to a wider field of practice with flattering prospects ahead and leaves behind him here and in different sections of the State troops of friends, good and true. The season of Lent has opened in the lay ing aside of the proverbial gayetv of Wil niinjrton during the W inter months. Ihe city talk now is of the putting on, in April, of the robes of a Bishop upon our popular and accomplished Episcopal clergyman, Or. W atson. ine event will draw here a large attendance from various sections of the State and from other States. It will be an interesting and memorable occasion Civis. Popolation and Public Buildings. To the chronicle: can you inform me what the population of the following; towns In North Carolina was In 1H80: Charlotte, Fay etteville, Greensboro, Winston, Goldsboro, Sal isbury, Wilson, Windsor, Wadesboro, Tarboro, andAsneviii7 Also wnai cities or towns in the State have public buildings ? R. Galveston. Texas, March 7. The populations : Charlotte, 8.R12 Favetteville, 4,341; Greensboro, 4,90(3 Winston, 3,482 ; Goldsboro,. 3,200 : Salis bury, 2,777; Wilson, 1,850; Windsor, 4G0; Wadesboro, 1,000; Tartoro, 2,000; Ashe ville, 2,700. Raleigh and Wilmington, The Chroni cle believes, are the only cities in the State that have buildings built by the Uni ted States Government. North Carolina Orators. The Chronicle's "Traveller" happened to remark one dull day not long ago that we had fewer great orators than we used to have. To the long list of our living i it - nT rv j f i - orators tne msion oeminei aaus Air. James W. Reid, of Rockingham county, and the Reidsville Times asks if the "Traveller" ever heard of Fred. Strud wick, of Orange ? He is another daisy on the stage. " SHOE HEEL. News About Railroads, New Settlers and Politics and a (iood Story. Sfedal Correspondence of lh Chronicle. SuoE IIeei.. liarch 12. Our jeople are alive on the ExjKjsition, as was shown by their action when they requested the County Commissioners to appropriate $1,000 towards Robeson's exhibit, which will be brought up lx;fore the joint. Board of Magistrates and Commissioners in June next. We are also preparing a Hand Book, which the printer now has, setting forth inducements and advantages of this section to immigrants. Already strangers are coming in and enquiries being made. The Crofters have come and made us feel right much "Scotched up." One of our natives, it is said, brushed up in his "G;el ic'' and repaired to I-iurinburg to greet his friends from o'er the sea, ami there he was bright and early armed and equip ped ; but alas, unfortunately he tackled John B liofore he did the Crofter and so when he met the latter his "Galie'' was departed and his English badly mixed, and thus the glorj" oi the world passes away; nevertheless they all had a grand and glorious old time. Before the Summer closes we expect to be connected with Fayetteville by the completion of the C. F. & Y. V. R. R. to this place, and then we will have two chances for ourselves and "truck." Our town is looting up in all its interests, and if our people had the capital they would accomplish a great deal, but as it is thev are always wide awake to every pubiie enterprise. Nor are we without politicians. In fact we have some professionals, but as yet we have heard no expressions as to choice for Governor. We shall be satisfied with any good, able man the party may choose, even though he be a Robesonian; but I venture to say that btedman sounds very well for Lieut. Governor. Obadiah. CHARCOAL SKETCHES. MR. W. II . KERR. there are not hair a dozen young men in North Carolina who without capital are as independent, or can be as useful, as Mr. W. II. Kerr. Independence is simply one's ability to take care of one s self And Mr. Kerr is independent because wherever in the civilized world he might be placed without a dollar he could not only earn his living without depending on the favor of friends, but could be of pos itive service to society. All this not be cause he is in any way, so far as I know, a man of any extraordinary qualities, but because he is that very convenient eombi- man, and a man who mows a trade, a trade in the highest and roper sense of the word. Mr. Kerr spent his youth in Raleigh, his father, Mr. W. C. Kerr, lately State Geol ogist, having lived here during those years. After a term of service at the Bingham School, he went into the Swepson Cotton Mills, on Haw River, took his coat otf , and earned how to run the machinery not in theory, but with soiled hands and in dead earnest. Then he took his place at the forge, at the vice, and at the anvil in the repair shop ; and whatever broke he mended it. You can't learn anything ex cept by doing that thing. Mr. Kerr wont to Boston as a student of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and in three years completed the four years course which means that he had received the most thorough technical training that any American institution of work and learning can give. He found himself then a scientific scholar at least as a young man may be called a scholar and at the same timo a practical ma chinist, whose fingers knew the use of the tools as well as his mind knew the prin ples of mechanics. lie went trom the Institute to Lawrence, where he did work in a cotton mill the special class of machinery of which he had made a study. There he learned in a practical way the use and the construction of every piece of machinery. He could, without a moment s warning, take the place of any employee in the mill, from the engineer and architect who built it to the blacksmith who repairs it. Wherever in New England there were peculiar or pe culiarly intricate or novel mechines for the working of cotton he went and studied them. Mr. Kerr, I dare say, could make a lock or shoe a horse as well as any other smith inded better than a man who is merely a smith ; and it there were an uncommon demand for horse-shoers, or a fortune to be made by it, he would do it. Or he could construct a cotton mill and adjust everything to a scientific niceity, and con duct it when adjusted. His residence in New England has given him an unconscious New England manner and tone of voice, which, however, does not conceal the Carolina frankness and heart iness. He has a kind of jaunty inde pendence in his walk and conversation, and without being foolish about it he shows a good deal of pride in the skill his hands have been trained to, and in his practical knowledge of things all which is the very best basis for the very best bal anced enjoyment of literature, if he like. It is likely that Mr. Kerr will make his home in North Carolina. He can live and command work and wealth (if he be shrewd) any where. He is, I fancy, one of the few men among us who wouldn t be Governor if he could.. The Political Issne Fonnd. From the Wilson Advance. Let the next platform of the Democratic party, paying no attention to such trouble some questions as tariff, or the internal revenue system, adopt a platform some thing like this : The Democratic party, in conrention assem Bembled, do hereby Resolve, That we favor the Immediate and total abolition of the licence on marriages and that we will raiac the entire re-venue for the support of the State government by heavy tax on all unmarried men over 25 years of age. From the Shelby Aurora. At the next election we will vote for no man who wants a three dollars tax on marriage licenses. If taxes continue to increase we will soon have a dollar tax on babies. Mr. Hill's Name Is Theophilaa. From the Wilmington Star. And our poet, Thodore H. Hill, has written verse that would do credit to any of our Boston literati. Business Habits in Durham. From the Reporter. There is a certain young man in town who goes to see his girl seven nights in a I week. OUR BOTANIC RESOURCES. THE TKADi: OF STATFSVILLi: I.V .JUDICAL II Kit US. Iredell Couutr, it Gronrine Capital. It Iiver Industries and its Hope f ul Outlook. Special Correpondmce of the Chrnnictr. Statesville, March 13. What a pitv Imlt-11 count v ha not loo.oOO inhabitants instead of 27,000 ! In 187s the county was formed from Rowan. If there had Ixtu 1,mm1 more births than deaths everv year, and no em igration, thex would liave made lUU.OOO souls without immigration. This would hare been less than three birth a day in excess of deaths. f course a more rapid rate than this has been kept up by our good housewives. S- then, what war and emigration have done for us ! If the average Carolina woman had these hun dred years !nxn given half a chain- she would have peopled the whole State twice as densely as it now is. What an inviting welcome is there here for men and women who desire hon est, quiet living, cheap homes and good farmcs or profitable employment ! There is enough water-power in Iredell to run all the mills in the Carolina. The climate cannot be excelled. It is physi cally impossible for this section to In des olated by a cyclone. Ample acconiimxlations for a summer resort will be furnished here this season, and many find this medium ground pleas anter than the mountains. With a chance for easy living, freedom from storms, floods, and all malarial diseases, isn't it strange that people seeking homes hunt them on the Western plains and fail to see the advantages of this location ? STATESVILLE, situated in the heart of this great county, 145 milest west of Raleigh, 100 miles east of Asheville, and 45 miles east of Char lotte, is the capital. The Western North Carolina Railroad opens commerce to the East, West and North, and the Atlantic, Tennessee and Ohio Railroad to the South, and a new era has dawned upon us. The Statesville of to-day is a new creation. Schools, business houses of various kinds, and on a large scale, wholesale houses, factories, markets for tobacco and cotton, are among the evidences of her progress. Within a few years Eastern men have come here and settled to raise tobacco, and now the tobacco crop is one of the most profitable, and Statesville being nat urally the outlet for this produce as well as the large quantities of cotton raised in this and adjoining counties, tobacco ware houses, manufacturing tobacco, and a 1-vr.f ,'?pHnn market are the results. Alex- ander. WilkesAske' Watauga, Alleghany Yadkin and Surry M8 rtllcl; very largely their produce of aiii-:viry and. The fact that so many merchants come here to trade explains wny tne wholesale house of Wallace Bros, is per haps the largest in North Carolina. Win ston is the only town in the West that can compete with it in trade, and Statesville's advantage over v mston lies m the fact that she has a great cotton and tobacco market, whilst Winston must rely on her tobacco for her greatness. a botanic depot. There is a firm here Wallace Bros. who have three immense warehouses filled with every indigenous herb. They have agencies in all the Western counties of the State to collect theae herbs, and skill ful botanists who assort them and prepare them for shipment in their warehouses here. Great bales of these herbs are shipped to Northern, European and South American markets to be used for pharma ceutical purposes. There is no such trade as theirs, of like kind and extent, in the United States, and their profits are said to be extraordinary. Here is a field for a new industry, if some one with the means will take hold of it. It is to reduce these herbs here to liquids. In this way a huge bale of herbs can be bottled and the freight become nominal. If a small bundle of some of these herb and such is a fact will sell for $250, how easily it could be reduced to a liquid, which would probably sell for twice that sum! In how many ways can wealth be made if w but knew when and where to begin ! Here are the headquarters of the revenue crew of this State. Here the odiousness and corruption of their nefarious system are seen in all its hideous forms. Soon new distilleries with a capacity of three gallons a day will start, and store-keepers and gaugers will multiply till the election is over. Soon the assessments will begin, and the corruption fund swell. Talkafout county government for the East, and the tariff, but unless the Democratic party does something to choke this tyrant it will appeal to Western voters in vain. But there is less decided convictions and fewer expressions of opinion about candi dates than usual. It is utterly impossi ble to tell what shape affairs may assume. Some Good Things to Read. Harper's Young People H-ings its juve nile freshness once a wet.' .0'o.Usfy chil dren who get tired of .waiting a month for a new number of a magazine. "A Perilous Secret," the new story by Charles Reade, now running in Harper's Bazar, is full of the daintiest, freshest bits of nature and human nature. The Current, the new weekly review published in Chicago, comes nearer than any other similar publication to combin ing in an ideal way the enterprise of Western journalism and the dignity and scholarship that it is wished could be claimed universally for Eastern journal ism. It promises to be the best American weekly review. What a graceful little periodical St. Mary's Muse is, graceful as the proud in stitution whence it comes is venerable ! Though somewhat petite, as becomes a newspaper in petticoats, it is a great deal more, (you can't say better) than the "sweet "girl graduates in their golden hair." Its articles are fresh, well written, and decidedly not schoolish (there being no prettier word to express the character istic of most college publications.) The Muse is one happy evidence among many that the venerable Alma Mater of the mothers of so many of us is youthful and vigorous, and old only in years. Thomas Crittenden, son of ex-United States Marshall Crittenden, the noted Kentucky statesman, has been senten ced at Louisville, Ky., to three years in the penitentiary for killing a negro boy. RICHEST 5IAX IX TIIK WORLD. William II. Yaaderbilt Wortk 9300.. 000,U04t..oo Added to aU Wealth IIerr Hoar. PrviIy how much the great American mom-y -Lings an. worth, -erha rn"orR knows, not even thesn-w-1 But Mr. Wm. II. Vandcrbdl ho ha .vhlel gmitly to hu enorttum inhvrit&mv, no doubt the richest of them all. The folio iu? tatt-nu-nt of hi wealth haj found its ay into the newi-paf n. Whether ev urate or not, it is imjxsible to say. It i al most as large a fortune a uvist of us Car olinian hope to make : In January, lbJ, he told an intimate friend, who had diud with him that lay, thai ho wa.s worth 1.mh..hn). "I U lieve I am," said Mr. Vunderhilt, "the "richest man in the world, lu England tho luke of Westminster is said to U worth $200. 000,000, tut it is mostly in land ami houses. It does not yield him 2 jer cent. A year from now I shall lw worth ni're than f200,(XH,iKKi and will have au in come equal to ii jkt cent, on that amount," Mr. Yanderbilt has registered in hi name, and in coujmjh lnds, f54,0o0,000 in 4 er cents, maturing in li7. He has lately added to theso $1,000,000 in 3J j r cents, ami yet retain.- a trifle over fl,oo0,- 0(H) in 0 ier cents, lhu 4 jht cent are worth 124, and the market value of his governments t-day is f70,5so,000. The value of Mr. Yanderbilt's railroad stocks is $ys,750.(oO, of his government $TO. 50.000, of his railroad Ix-nd 26,K."i7,420, of his other securities a trifle over 5,(hki,. 000. The aggregate is $201, 41 3. Hid splendid Fifth Avenue mansion with its furniture and contents, cost nearly or quito $3,000,000. His magnificent art gallery, with its gems from the best modern mas ters, represent almost $1,000,000. His stables on Fifty-first street, occupying. one of the most desirable building sites in the city, represent $200,000, while the beauti ful horses there luxuriously lodged would not l)o disposed of for as much more. Maud S. Would bring $75,000 at a forced sale, and her owner would not dispose of her for any price. Early Rose and Aldine are also held alxive price. But the bulk of tho wealth of the king of millionaires is invested in railroad se curities. Of various railroad lionds he has an aggregate of $22,120,000, and of Stat? and city 'bonds $3,200,000. In miscella neous securities, manufacturing stocks and mortgages the sum of about $2,000, 000 invested. His income is $12,000,000 a year. From his governments he draws $2,372,000 a year; from his railroad stocks and bonds, $7,304,320, from his miscella neous securities, $575,095, or $10,312,015 from his investments alone. Thus every day they cam for him $28,331.25. Every This rich maiilives well but not lavish ly. Last year hi ordinary expenses, he stated recently, were but a triflo over $200,000. In this is not included such luxuries as his gTeat ball, on which he ex pended $40,000. His attire is modest, and does not indicate a Croesus by any means. Mrs. Yanderbilt, too, although dressing richly, is by no means extravagant, al though her diamonds cost $150,000. WHAT FOLKS TALK AIIOUT. Little Interviews Picked up Here and There by Chronicle Men. MORMONS IN NOKTH CAROLINA. Rev. F. L. Reul, of The Rnleiuh Chris tian Advocate : There ought to be, and 1 think will be, a law passe 1 by tho Legis lature to keep Mormon missiouaries from entering the State at all. It is a question only of expediency whether the United States Government should not suppress it in Utah as it suppressed slavery by the sword. RICH MEN ARE LUCKY. Mr. Jos. O. Brw n, Cashier Citizens' National Bank, Raleigh : Tho tobacco men are not only making the biggest for tunes in North Carolina, but they are the luckiest fellows alive. The Durham syn dicate which is a financial pride to the State had the good luck to get hold of that valuable mineral land m Alabama, when a hundred other syndicates, and hundreds richer, would have given thou sands and thousands for the chance. LESS TIME BUSINESS. Mr. B. K. Part in, Grwer and Commis sion Merchant : The farmers of Wake county are ouying less on time this year than ever before. They bought less last vear than the vear before and less this year than last. And they are not buying as great quantities of fertilizers as for- merly. But I have sold moro than four times as much seed oats as on any previ ous year. A big grain crop is their pro gramme, and a noteworthy move towards a diversity of crops. HOME CAPITAL. Mr. M. McGehee. Commissioner of Ag riculture : When our good and generous friends in 'Georgia boast of having more capital than we have invested in cotton mills, it is worth our while to remember there is not a cotton mill in North Caro- lina that has any outside capital in it. And they have almost all grown from very small beginnings, in our whole experi ence as a cotton manufacturing State wo have had hardly a failuro a record that any business or anybody may boast of; and it is almost unparalleled. THE OUTLOOK FOR MANUFACTURING. Mr. W. If. Kerr, araduate of tlte Institute of TetJinology, Boston, Massa chusetts : It does seem to me, after 1 1 " t A. . 1 A Al A - - I T V ?ft 7muwai' n ino n field of the whole continent for manufac- turmg enterprises is in JSorth Carolina The raw products are cheap, unskilled la bor is abundant, and skilled labor can be got cheaper than in more densely popu- latea ana consequently more expensive communities ; rents are cheap, and the eyes of the Union are turned on us. Along with all this, our own people are waking up to their opportunities in a way that would astonish any man who knew North Carolina as it was half a dozen years ago, and h', not known it sine. Mr. Albert Smith, a former resident of Smithfield, whose home is now in Cull man, Ala., is visiting his sister, Mrs. E, W. Pou, of Smithfield. 4our sees him $1,1 80. ;.'.) richer ana every ,Vni7 -'-ns10.07 added to his hoard. Ssir'11'000'- 000 every vJ:f.yWknC?& tn ; THE TRAVELLER. THE PEfri.E UK JJKITT A! TII T. ;osir iti: hears. It a at or, t'art. rrl4, Ki,rralalioa aad ,ialt Talk Atnt all ort t( Nfcjrrt INckrd all Oiti ta Ktate. The liijct oro in lb 2tt U haU o If tho Mcwr. WntkmVn t iKtsl-run. A hint jrjvrti by a cigar ttuinufM-turrr : 11 th citBtiaigtii ronintittf hv a cbe.n ami vile cirr name. for their ctdidt nu cive ail hnd a fnw moke. A red lalwl on it would l-e pnnl campaign litera ture. It would beat U! to death. I honestly belie v thai if the rVmovratk Itoys f North Carolina had their way aU'nt it, our L'tirl Samuel wooM U lb Presidential candidate ttl an tuuth 1 cause of tho old iMi" aa Uvauxo !W tariff or no tariff mould hare to Lind o lie low. A div-ussum tok plaoe lhe other day tietween men uho mere trying to deter mine how far tho old soldier clement ha an uiH-onstiou iufluenee on onr jxUtka in this year of graeo. But they cAsno to no conclusion and I leave your reader to think it over. One of tho uiont instructive and -ntr-taining experietieei yon can have Jut now, if you have the gd fortune to know Mr. Richmond Tearsun U to hear him lell of hi winter sojourn and travel in tho Vft Indies and esjieehdly in Mexico. Being rme of our very let traveled men and a student by nature, and training, ho make his w hole largo circle of acquaintance tho broader and wiser for knowing him. I met a Georgian on tho cam who lud got tho situation in North Carolina down very fine hia name was White and he lives in Augusta, "I ak people, at tl.o old-fashioned towns," ho said, how btiiv ness is. They answer, oh, pretty go! nothiir p'rlick lar'. If I akk a little Xc ger at a toluu-co town how tho town it thriving, ho grins and giggles: 'Lord, l-oss, gvvine right er long. Everyldy busy bore.' ' If the public were to take as much in ; tercst in other sorts of thins as it take in polities, wo should get along at adou-l ble-quiek rate. To illustrate : I read thal Wilmington needs and wauts a big hotel. If everybody in Wilmington or whogom to i Wilmington were to talk about it as much as they talk about Mr. Headman for IJcu tcnant -Governor, Wilmington would have a big hotel directly, and everj4dy would go to it. - , Tho talk about the South Carolina Caahes and alnmt the McCurty-Wie impossibility of duelling haa called to mind that there wa never a man in tho whole history of J ter Lvoijuft wjio H 1 leli np he.jn . i. duel that did not suffer the eondemnttf ouy of public opinion. Isn't that to f V , were never such code-fellows as ourneuu tiors on the North and on the South. And yet when there was real fighting to bo done, our folks were there. The very ground of North Carolina must feel a new kensation. The mud that for thne centuries very nearly has ful filled its mission in climrim? to Anrlo-Sax- on shoes, is now going into bricks ; soon it will go into tho mammoth new Duke Tobacco Factory at Durliam and into tho extension of tho Hlackwell Co faetorr. me wooien ana cotton mOJs. and A I 1 . . . . " not what. V hat a ta n of waTTTinT for tho Anglo-Saxon brains and tmsh to simulant the Anglo-Saxon feet this mud might tell! It is a lil-cral education that a man with two eyes in his head can get by going from cue end of North Carolina to the other. A well-informed Piedmont ircntleman re marked with all seriousness last Kundav that thev had nothing dnnm Tof Knt chills and fish 1 On the contrary there Is editor and schoolmaster who livea in tho Last that expressed wonder not lonir aim that with all our various resource wo have no coal in North Carolina ! What a little part of God's footstool, the man sees woo uou i ever gei over nis own fence I A personal friend of our two historians, Wheeler and Moore, w ho knows a history when he sees it, declares that the best chance for a keen pen, a broad man and a lasting fame that ever camo la tho chance now lying loose for a clean, clear, uncompromising history of North Caroli na since 1H60. "Hut," he added, "the historian, while he would havo a tale of heroism, of pity, and of. pathos to tell. wouio oe eternally cursed by a number of living shams, who now hold high heads ana wouiu nave to wait for the next gen- eration for outspoken praise. The Oxford Tort.Jdiyht calls Mr. P. M. Hale "Captain Hale" and Mr. Julian 8. Carr "Major Carr." If I may be allowed, I wish to ask tho TorcJUight to hold it ear close to ray mouth while I tell it a lit tle story : There was a great and good man in North Carolina who once went into the manufacture of Colonels ami Majors and Captains and he throve while our mil itary memory was fresh. But in the midst of his prosperity, good tnn, the public nV ,HUfrre1 a ange, and hut Majors anrl !?n?b and Captains turned against him. Ho is no longer what he waa. alaj ! This military industry, dear l'orJiliaht. is effete. I met a man who argued thus : "The Exposition," said he, "is a private con cern. Its stockholders hope to get the amount of their stock back again. They may make money. I think they will. Now, a county cannot take stock and have the chance to get its money hack : but counties are asked to help make the exhi- bit which will help to put money into the stockholders rxs-ket.' Well ! stockholders pockets." Well ! That's all true, as a matter of logic. But when a man prefers to look only at your nose and refuses to catch the expression of "your 4 whole face, what can you do? This "pff ?sition is true; yet it is, iitterly false, ou can't argue. Let tiina alone, let him alone. - The earth has room for many graves. Suppose tho Exposition were to declare (as it might) that all money re ceived more than was subscribed shall be divided pro rata among tho counties which make exhibits, he would find another ar gument to ease his touL Mr. T. B. Kingsbury has been invited to deliver the literary address before Kin ston College on the 5th of June. . r , .. -.. .i II '-'J,') r r.-- --v-- 11'