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( , y,,,,ll TO K , AKMFK AM) MECHANIC 'X T TV kKLV (MIRONfCLE. CNRONICll PU81ISHINQ C0MU1T. A SOUTHERN FAMILY NEWSPAPER FOR TOWN AND COUNTRY, DEVOTEO TO THE WF.I.FAItF F "SOUTH CAROLINA. AXI THE KOtTll. Hfc ,,rllw t,.r p., --1:1.11. :n SOl.llATKI Jl I -Y lt, 185. VOL. XV. RALEIGH, N. C, THURSDAY, XOVEMBEU 1SS5. NO. I I. if XATOR VANCE IN VANCE. MUST VISIT TO THE COUNTY .IE I 1 HIS HONOR. I'nlir.. TliH'll .McctN Him at Ine ''- tt.J Reception sit llurwell's Hall l.ec jre 011 orlh Carolina, lite. Kditorial 'orrespoiKleiice. I jhM.Kitx.N, N. '., Nov. ti . Not a few extended to - Oeell TIM." lll noion.- iafor Vance to visit this t hri ving place r t In nut was named in his honor. 1 til now it has been impossible for the f Bitot- to gi vi; himself the pleasure of ac- ting these invitations. Some weeks aj,") - x-p n-e to a request that he give a lec ' tor tii'- benefit of the Henderson I.i ' irv. he signified that it would be hi.s jasiire to comply with the reijiiest. Sstt Jay found him in Raleigh on his way to tobacco mart, and after spending Sun Jrwith friends in the "city of oaks," ley do say that he didn't tell but one jte'all day on account of its being the bbttt hi. Monday morning's train lore the viator from ltaleigh, together with others . 3011LC whom was the editor of theCnitos tr., to tie- growing town of Henderson. ,ll'-ii tin; train readied this place the Vid was playing and the people were 'H'erint; as lustily as in the l7i cam ligu. No sooner had Senator Vance left . je t rain, and saluted his wife who had receded him, than the people began to ' ry "Hurgu y 11," and ill response to the -jll Col. W. il.S. Burgwyn, t he enterpris--jg 'resident of the Henderson Hank, yue forward on the railroad depict, and fclivcivd, gracefully and timely, an ad K'ss of welcome of which the substance srs as follows: ( ,i KiiNoii Vanck: On belialf of t he eiti jiis of Henderson and of the County of "ant e. I bid you welcome to our town, on lis your first visit to our community .since B organization into a county. We recog Jye that from your many public duties it s not been without some personal incon fnience and sacrifice that you have come response to our invitation to lecture in jd of an enterprise that bids fair to be of "Jfeat public gol, and for this evidence of "Our kindly interest m our people we re rn you our hearty thanks. When the convenience of the inhabitants JL thos" parts of the old counties of (iran tille, Franklin and Warren, which are trib utary to Henderson and make it (heir prin cipal trading point, rendered it desirable tb it a new county should be formed from those adjacent territories, with the thriv ing town of Henderson as its county seat, and the (ieneral Assembly in the year lSfiO recognising this as a necessity for the full and free progress of our people gave the requisite permission, and it became incum bent upon ns to select a name for the new body politic. Asyou well know, sir, there has never been a time in the history of the State when there were not men in public and private life eminently worthy of honor at the hands of their fellow-citizens and guch was the case when this new county Was called into being in 18S0. There were illustrious citizens, who on the bench, in the pulpit, at the bar, in agricultural life, as leaders in scientific thought and pursuit, an I in mechanical and manufacturing in vention, commanded the love and admi ration of our people. Hut there was one man to whom our eyes and hearts instinc tively turned. As a mere youth, he rep resents! his district in the Congress of the United States. When the tocsin of war gon tided the call to battle, he was among the lir.-t to shoulder his musket and risk his lite in defence of his invaded State, tho' he deeply regretted the dire necessity that compelled his people to secede from the Federal Union. Soon called from ac tive service in the tield to be the Chief Executive of his State during those long ami weary years of war and suffering, when the hearts of his people were bowed down and every home was in mourning for some loved one killed in battle and our fathers and brothers ana sons were daily fa mg the enemy, enduring privations and exposures, hunger and cold and death, he v.is the great war Governor of North Car olina, whose wise foresight laid up in sea son sto res of meat and bread for his sol diers in the field and their helpless families at home; who clothed and supplied shoes and blankets to the troops from his State, while those from other States less fortu nate in their Chief Executive suffered for the want of them;and when the war is over he vicariously suffers imprisonment for the sins of his people. Hut soon liberated, all eyes turn to him as the one alone to free us from the yoke of the carpet bag government, that vampire like was suck ing the life blood out of the people and bringing dishonor upon the fair name of the State. That political campaign, that glorious political victory needs no eulogy at my Lands. It is a part of the State's his tory, and there let it remain in imperisha ble glory. Hut that leader of his people realizes the gravity of the situation, the crisis in his State's history, throws himself 111 the breech, he first raises his standard among his native mountains and soon from lofty peak and quiet valley is heard the sound of his voice reverberating thro" t!io-,e everlasting hills, bringing hope and cheer Crossing the Blue Ililge, the mighty movement of a people aroused in defence of their liberties grows louder and louder. The Piedmont section next takes up the cry, and broader and broader, deeper and deeper swells the expanding current of the people's will until, like some mountain torrent of his native laud swollen by rain, rushing from its lofty source, with irresistible force it surges headlong over prostrate and unrooted 1 V A bodies on its course to the sea, its volume and uproar l-eoining grander and grander until its waters are lost in the depths of the mighty Atlantic, under his magnetic leadership, night settles down in glorious victory. Governor of his State tor the third time ic is soon translated to the United States enatu, where he now represents his State, m with profound learning, matcniess ' t, scathing sarcasm and stirring clo Hmce, but above all with a patriotic ded- 11 ion of his talents, time and energies to juhlicgood regardless of self, he stauds ln e Great Iribuneof his people, ever r';;l- to interpose his veto to any measure lllUl ill oppress and do injustice to any l'i.lV! ' his country. After this epitome ,Jl distinguished citizen's public servi c''s.,' v one in the sound of my voici VV1 ' "here is but one name we will give M7y and that is Vance after Zeb A Nv0"-sir, in conclusion, about this , -v of Vance. But yesterday , , ?uty seat of Henderson with its Vants and miliion dollars of taxable I'Hrtv wn a mpr. railroad Kta- Mtered upon that career of 1' ''Ie , V-h w alike a source of nride 7 'Vud of amazement to her vV" ' 1 1" v ' 01 1882 and again in this ';:tr 11V Il.s;tst .. 0 . . r ,i, 1 " ... conflagrations, she has only been p irn-., 0 j. , x At . , J, vhy her hery trials, her Gross ColiSU li(!U , 1 1 j 1 . )ir crra refined ana we see miposinti , ' dious .stores and 4'1C buildlf comm lsome residences now v. mark the sites of smoking ruin and black ened walls. Our enterprising merchants make such an attractive display of their wares that they draw customers from dis tant communities. Numerous church ed ifices of architectural beauty ornament our streets. Spacious warehouses, prize houses and factories attest the magnitude of our tobacco industry, which embraces trade with every section of the United States and with Canada and Great Britain. The high prices realized by our farmers for their tobacco, are the amazement of stran gers, excite the envy of competing mar kets and speak in trumpet tones for the intelligence and skill with which our ag ricultural pursuits are carried on. Our school facilities for both sexes are exceptional, and the salubrity of our cli mate, sobriety of our people, and beauty of our surrounding country render our town an attractive locality as a residence and place of business. The energy and enterprise of our people are proverbial and without a dollar of in debtedness either on the part of the coun ty of Vance or town of Henderson, we may well predict a brilliant future for our town. But enough, sir, of matters so personal, let me again in the name of us all, ladies as well, bid you a hearty welcome." Senator Vance's Response. Senator Vance responding, among other things, said: FiUKMis ik Va.sck Coi Ni'v: "For your hearty and cordial welcome I thank you. The people of this couniy have honored me in a way which I .appreciate more than any honor 1 have received at the hands of the generous people of North Carolina. To have a county progressive and prosper ous named for me is a monument that will speak long years after your speaker and all who hear me this day have passed away. It will hand my name down to posterity in a more enduring manner than any other honor you might bestow upon me would do. Loving the whole State and desiring its pro-pei ity, I feel a pecu liar interest in your county which seems to be a part of me. 1 thank you for the great and lasting honor you have done me; for your cordial and hearty welcome; and for the kind and complimentary expres sions of your speaker." The Public Reception. After partaking of lunch at the hospita ble residence of Col. Burgwyn, the Gover nor and his accomplished and charming wife held a reception at Burwell Hall from l.:!0 to :5.:50 p. m. Men, women and chil dren called to pay their respects and the Senator and his Kentucky wife (she is so much like a North Carolinian in appear ance and manner that most people think her "native and to the manoi born") greet ed them cordially and with warmth. Many columns might be written descriptive of the people present; how they shook the Senator's hand from the man with the clammy, gelatine-like fist to the horny handed son of toil, who in his joy, forgot that the Senator's shaking aparatus was not made of iron;of Mrs. Vance's wonderful tact and power of entertaining all classes of people from the graduate of Vassar to the little girl who had been helping to cure the yellow weed; of the Senator's jokes; of the relation of old stories about the war; of the awkwardness of some of tho people and the timidity of others; of the thous and co.'.imon and uncommonplace remarks made: and many other things which did not escape my eye and ear, but which a lack of spack forbids detailing. The Lecture at 'isht. Burwell Opera House will seat GOO peo ple or more. It is a beautiful little hall and is one of Henderson's attractions. There may have been more people in the house since it was built than were there Monday night but I doubt it. I am quite sure there never gathered a more intelli gent or better looking company of people. And I know they never came together to hear a better lecture from a better man on a better subject. At 8.20 p. ni. Re v. Alex. Sprunt, President of the Library Associ ation, arose and after explaining the ob ject of the Association, introduced Senator Vance. The introduction was appropriate, the words were well chosen, and grace marked the bearing of the speaker. Amid rounds of applause Senator Vance advanced to the stage and spoke for one i.our and five minutes on North Carolina -a 1 heme of which he knows more, per haps, than any other North Carolinian. The lecture was interesting, instructive, and entertaining throughout. Some peo ple v re disappointed because of the ab sence of anecdote and wit which are ex pected in everything Senator Vance says, but they were so highly entertained anil their attention was held so closely that they forgot l heir disappointment. It was the speech of a lover or his State it was practical, it was plain, it was sometimes, especially toward fhe close, eloquent. It breathed devotion to Mare, devotion to right, devotion to honest convictions. It was a lecture of rare, merit and was heard with rare inte est. The follow ing some of which are ex tracts from the lecture and some of them notes written from memory will give a clear idea of the manner of treating the broad subject and of the opinions of the speaker on matters of great moment. I regret that the lecture in its entirety could not be obtained for it is one which will make eveiy lover of the State proud of his State and proud that so great a State has produced so great a statesman as the greatly beloved Senator Vance. However enough of the speech follows to accomplish those two purposes and surely that ought to satisfy. The Senator opened his lecture by say ing : "A toast of a humorous writer's most humorous character was, 'Otu Noble Selves.' With a similar modesty, said the Senator, he proposed to give a social talk on the theme, 'Our State and its people our own noble selves.' 'Know thyself is a great command, and introspection occa sionally by commonwealths, as well as by individuals, must be had it they better themselves. Notwithstanding the modern improve ments in methods of land transportation, the prosperity of our race has always been and will always be, more or less depend ent on their access to the sea. The great sand banks which stretch across the entire length of our coast, separated from the mainland by a system of shallow seas, have served to render commerce both difficult and dangerous and impart to our borders a kind of seclusion from the outer world The result has been to drive our trade into the harbors of neighboring States, contrib utiug our wealth to their upbuilding, and remitine us to a financial provincialism which does not belong to us. It has also been the prevention of any large city on our seaboards, which should serve as r. lo mestic market and centre of capital, and business and intellectual activities. Take a map of the United States, place your thumb upon one end of a string at the most North-eastern point of Currituck county, strftch the string to the extreme South-western part of Cherokee county; then, holding fast the Eastern end, move the Western Northward so as to describe the arc of a circle, and you will see the line passes through the centre of Like Erie and touches Canada. Three hundred feet of elevation lx-ing equal to one degree of latitude, it will be seen that an elevation of 0.TOO feet from tide-water gives North Carolina the same climate as though she stretched North and South for nearly ten degrees with the same elevation. Every fexxl or textile plant that flourishes in America grows in North Carolina un less it be pine apple and the banana of Florida. North Carolina's resources in the hard wood used in the arts far exceeds that of any other State and is destined at no dis tant day to be a means of great wealth if properly economized. In many places in Eastern North Caro lina the thermometer reached or exceeded last summer 100 degrees; at my mountain resort it but once reached 84. Our cli mate is singularly exempt from the fierce storms, extremes of heat and cold, and other meteorlogical irregularities which disturb most countries. Great drought and general floods are almost unknown. There is no grass-hopper on the wheat, no worm on the cotton, no bug on the potato, and happily no longer, any nigger in the wod pile. X North Carolinians descend from the most energetic bn-nch (T eutonic and Celtic) of the most energetic and masterful grand division of the human race (Aryan.) In North Carolina, though the original commingling of race blood was as varied as that of any American community, there has been but little mixture since. The census reports for 187!) and '80 show, not relatively but absolutely, fewer citizens of foreign birth in our borders than in any other State. In my numerous canvass in gs throughout the State I have again and again been impressed with the uni versal kinship of our people. As to the advantages and disadvantages arising from the non-presence of the for eign element in our midst opinions differ. It would seem that largely the weight of opinion favors the rapid introduction of immigration as necessary to the speedy development of our resources and the in crease of our wealth. For many reasons that is not my oi'iNiox. With our own people we are more homogenous, and the interests, rights and prejudices of one are most nearly those of all. It may be said we become in this way too narrow, local and exclusive. Perhaps we do; but rather that than to diffuse our affections until they are lost and of no force, spread over an area beyond their power to fructify. Well as it sounds a professional cosmo politan is a patriot and philanthropist of the Jellaby order, neglecting the interests of home for the comfort of distant sava ges. A very small amount of cosmopoli tan will go a lorg w ay in a practical com munity. I prefer a North Carolinian any day. You maty rest assured that a man whose human affections and patriotism are not based on strong home preferences, is not put up right in his moral constitu tion. A wise seltishuess is the secret of successful human character and the main stimulant of all human progress. Another result of our homogeneous so ciety is our conservatism. In our disposi tions and tempers, habits and language, are to be found more evidence of conser vatism than among any people 1 know on this continent, in politics, in religion and in morals. Innovations of any and all kinds take little hold in our soil. There are no new sects, isms, or ologies in our religion; no communism or exotic factions in our politics; no patent philanthropy or sentimental humbug in our morals; no chartered scroundelism or joint stock vil lainies in our financial life. In this re spect we are content to be behind some States and get along the best we can with the old ten commandments. The most perfect toleration of religious opinion prevails all and none. It is a subject of supreme congratulation that this has always been so. " it is true our constitution of 1785 imposed a prohibition on the holding of office by any who denied the truth ot the rrotestant re ligion which restricted, as was supposed, Catholics and Jews. But that invidious clause was speedily wiped out in deference to the goodness and greatness ot one man, W llliam Gaston, who was a devoted cath olic. The prohibition on Jews was re pealed in 1861. Our people are now as tolerant as their laws, and for a hundred years were far more so. W e never have even hung a witch, although we have had much witchery in our midst. I have my self been bewitched pretty much all my life, and rather like it. But it is said if we had more immigra tion we would have greater activity, and make more material progress. This is true; and if getting rich rapidly was the great and only object we aim at I should con fess my error. But that is not our only or even our chief aim. I hold that the principal objects of our state of existence should be the preservation of our free in stitutions, the broadening and deepening of our civilization and the general improv ing and bettering of our own race. Immigration is desirable when it comes in such volume as can readily be absorbed and Americanized, incorporated into our society and infused with our ideas and feelings; not when it comes in such power as to preserve its own European customs, ide as and traditions. I am just about old fashioned enough to confess that I am sat isfied, on the whole, with the material progress which North Carol' na is making. It is slow but ifc is natural and staple. An abn rmally rapid growth is rarely a healthy growth, in plants, animals or that conglomeration of animals called a com munity. In the forests of my mountain home I found a prostrate giant chestnut tree more than 10 feet in diameter. Both axe and saw were required to sever its huge trunk, when the rings which marked its annual growth indicated that it had been nearly a thousand years in growing to its enormous bulk, about the eighth part of an inch per annum. Slow but sure. That is my idea of the true growth of a State, if it is to live and become renowned for the lasting happiness and prosperity of its people. We are constantly reminded of the vast extent of our soil yet in forests and not subjected to the plow, and told what a pity it is. Senator Dawes, of Massachu setts, once twitted me in the Senate by saying that the oaks on Roanoke which witnessed the landing of Walter Raleigh's colony, were still there. Well, what of it ? Are they doing any harm ? To say nothing of the very important climatic influence exerted by our stand ing forests, and the many evils that beset lands where there are none, w hy should we be in haste to have them cut down and occupied by strangers? Will not our children want homes i Can an'.' i.rk'' b-- I paid for them that will compensate our grand-children for the want of their grand, roomy heritage i Right here is presented one of the most vital questions with which our near descendants will have to deal an over peopled land. It is the part of wisdom for this generation to have regard for it now. it It is well known that the princely pub lic domain of the United States is well nigh appropriated. '' By observ ing the ratio by which our population in creases, a thinking man can easily see what fifty years has in store for us if that ratio be preserved. So far our public lands have been our salvation. In liMX) our population will le one hundred mil lions. Let us not hasten a day whose coming is sure. a us not be too anxious to get rich, to make material progress at the ex pense of other vital things. In our haste to get rich, let us not neglect the weight ier matters of the law of justice and pub lie ieace. There are other things desirable for the prosperity of the country besides riches. The great problem of political economy now is not accumulation of but the dis tribution of wealth. The experience of the last half century has demonstrated that the acquisition of riches in a few hands, is by no means conducive to either the happiness or the prosperity of the public. It would seem to bean invariable law that such vast accumulations of wealth are attended by a commensurate distribu tion among the masses. It is the business of the statesman who regards the poor, to solve t he problem of so dividing the wealth produced in a given area, so that all shall share anel none mo nopolize; that the fruits of the earnings of a whole community shall, like the rahi of heaven, refresh and fertilize the broad fields of all, and not be poured into a sin gle channel to turn one man's wheel. There is a wealth, as Ruskin so expres sively says, "which is heavy with human tears," and I regret inexpressibly to know that the tendency of our modern methods is to the accumulation of this kind of unequal riches. There never has been a time when the influence of capital has been so great. It weilds our financial policy absolutely, and more or less shapes and colors our legisla tion in its own interest. It seduces our young men and purchases the services of the best intellect of the country, and tin ges with its selfish ideas our very litera ture. No possible means of moulding public opinion is neglected, and the people are often made to drive themselves, like beasts of slaughter, to the shamble. 9 By these means and the combinations whicm are so easily and universally made, many portions of these United States .are beginning to present the Old World pic tures so repugnant to our democratic sim plicity, of colossal wealth and squalid pov erty; the princely palace and the wretched hovel, side by side; of wasteful luxury and hungry want. No man who loves our countiy will ever desire to see this in North Carolina; and I consider it not the least compensation for our Southern poverty, that there is less of this extremes of wealth and poverty around us than is to be found anywhere else within my knowledge. Our people are moving slowly in the production of wealth, it is true, but they are moving pretty much together. As yet there are no startling inequalities among our peo ple as yet there is no great gulf between the rich and poor which may not be passed. - A due regard for the natural rights of labor will continue this happy state of things, and tend to spread our increasing wealth broad cast, instead of piling it up here and there. I have no communistic sympathies whatever ; no agragrian scheme to propose; no popular favor to court, but earnestly believe that it is im possible to over estimate the importance of the subject. As plain as daylight, a crowded popula tion means competition in labor, which in turn means low wages, which signifies destitution and suffering, which threaten law anel order with evils innumerable. The people of North Carolina have plenty of patriotism, but it is of a very quiet kind. There is less of words about their State in the mouth of North Carolin ians than I have observed with other peo ple. They love their State and would die in defence of it if there were need, but they don't prate about it and advertise it on the street corners. During the war men freely gave their lives and their fortunes in defence ef their State, anel did so with out seeming to think they were deserving of credit for valor or patriotism. North Carolinians show their devotion in acts rather than words. Many of the products of the State are sold in other markets and reported as the products of another State. The railroads ignore us as much as possible, and make North Carolina tributary to a sister State. These things are the result of a want of assertirg our dignity. And we deserve censur. for our lack of proper pride. A certain amount of assertion is necessary to win respect. Let me urge you to be true to yourselves. If you know a young North Carolinian of talent and energy, push him. His honor is our honor. There ought to be no jeal ousy of tho success of a brother North Carolinian. Do not brag about your State. Tell facts, which Lord Bacou says are "the voices of God revealed in things."' Why is It that North Carolina is the last State in the list of illiteracy ? The first constitution of the State provided for a University and higher education was en couraged even before we had a constitu tion. Why is it ? Because of the aristo cratic notions which prevailed in the early days of the history of the State. The ed ucation of young men of property, those studying for the professions or for the sacred desk, was thought necessary, but our fore-fathers didn't believe in the edu cation of the masses, and it was forty years after the University was founded be fore there was a free school in North Car olina. Nothing was done for the educa tion of the poor and that &c. ount for the present illiteracy of our H.r.le. " While North Carolinians are not well ed ucated "still in general it'ulhgeiiee, m the knowledge of the practical things of life they are far ahead of many mLuUnl ef a thorough literary education. The chief need of North Caroli.ia is a higher ami better syu m of iiidusT i.il d ucation. Technical knowledge i t' e n--d of this day and age. Men and women need to be taught how to do successful labor. The establishment of Industrial Sch .ls in the State will serve to learn our own p; . pie how to manufacture our own goods and to keep much money in the Mate which is now txpended for a hundred n- c- essary articles made in other States. Some may have been disapoiii!ed in lh ? theme chosen for my lectur. "North Cat olina." There is no theme of which I am so full ; there is no love in my heart more ardent ' than that which glows therefor inv native j land. a I i For me, there are no plains so fair, no j valleys so lovely, no inountainssogrand.no j water so bright as those of North Caro- Una. For me there are no landscapes so glorious as those which my eyes first gaed upon in the world, no air so bah' y as the breezes which first fanned my infant brow, no music so sweet as the song I first heard of that mountain brook as it rippled along in its everlasting journey to the seas. For me there; is no land wliose verdure is so gre-en, whose (lowers are so bright, whose sunshine' is so rich in golden tire. For me there is no hmd whose people are so brave, so upright, so tender and true, so generous with their substance and their confidence, so abounding in all the virtues of nobility and truth. I could give her no less and Iw.a man in the face of all t!:e kindness she has shown to me, far beyond my deservings as they have been. There are within our spacious borders 1500,000 hemies, upon whose hearths there glotv to-night 300,01)0 fires shining, for tho most part, upon comfort anil domes tic peace. In DO out of every hundred of these I would be hospitably welcomed were I to enter there by chance to-night. A proiul consciousness of this tills me with an unspeakable pleasure, and as I strive to permit no chance of serving them and promoting their happiness to pass un improved, so 1 cannot speak to a North Carolina audience without indulging in grateful praise of them, of which my heart is full. Ladies and gentlemen of Vance county: I thank you with all my heart for your kindness and hospitality, and close as other preachers do, with a repetition of my text: "Here's success to our noble selves Vance county in particular." While in Henderson Senator Vance and his wife were the guests of Col. W. II. S. Burgwyn and his charming wife. Tuesday night a reception was given them at the Colonel's, between the hours of eight and ten, and many of the Henderson people men and women called and spent a pleas ant evening. This writer has a book full of notes of the business enterprises of Henderson. They will have to wait until next week. They will constitute a long article in them selves. He never spent two days in any place more pleasantly, or brought away more pleasant recollections of a town or people. AN INTERESTING LETTER. From the Former President ol Yadkin College, Now iu Westminister, .Id. To The Chronicle: In the mail handed me this morning was your most excellent State paper, the Chronicle, which brought vividly before me the Old North State with her history, her resources, anel her noble people. During the ten years of my Presidency of Yadkin College, N. C, I studied closely the State in connection with her educational facilities, and I feel a deep interest in all her movements along the line of progress. North Carolina moves slowly but she never moves backward, and in establishing the Industrial School she puts herself among the foremost. In 1883 I resigned the presidency of Yadkin College, and took the chair of Phys ics and Chemistry in the Western Medical College, in the city of Westminster on the railroad from Baltimore to Hagerstowu. We have an academic staff of t -n teachers engaged all the time and some lecturers outside; and the annual income of our In stitution is about $20,000 with an annual expense of $19,500. The past two years I held a scholarship in the Johns Hopkins University, spending one day a week in the Chemical depart ment of that institution in analysis quali tative and quantitative. The John Hop kins is the best University in the United States, not that it furnishes instruction on all subjects, but in the departments established it sweeps over the whole field of possible information, and introduces f he student, thoroughly equipped, to ori ginal problems requiring investigation. The city of Westminister gives us other advantages, being only :M miles from Bal timore, we can, in short time and at small cost, reach Philadelphia or Washington. One night last week I spent a few hours in the U. S. Naval Observatory with Prof. Hall viewing some of the most interesting multiple stars, and nebulae through the great equatorial made by A. Clarke it Sons, of Massachusetts, at a cost of $47, 000 and mounted ia 1873. The object glass of this telescope is 2G inches clear aperture, focal length 32 feet; and the instrument with the base weighs six tons. The re flector is equatorally mounted in an iron dome 40 feet high and 41 feet in diameter erected at a cost of $14,000. By a gas eng'ne in the basement the dome is made to revolve so that the open section may take in any azimuth of the heavens: while the instrument itself, to counteract the rotary motion of the earth, is made to revolve backward in side-rial time by a clock whose poise or weight is kept up by a small turbine wheel. This is the telescope through which Prof. Hall in 1877 discovered the Satellites of Mars. In examining the ring nebula in Lyrd I could see no sigu ef stars; so this nebula must le simply incandescent or luminous gas and hence nou-resolveable. Prof. Hall is a hard student, a fine schol ar, and a perfect gentleman and through his kind invitation 1 may go to the obser vatory again this winter to take a view of Saturn, Mars, and Jupiter. With love and best wishes for the cleft T Old North State, I remain yours truly, S. Simpson. - . Don't hawk, and blow, and spit, but use Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy. ! IT IN CATAWBA i W i: I 'I.N l II TTI.K TOM N n I.I. or IIIMM.K-N ACTIVITY. Hickory Mki I kiuuu, Hrr Tlicill) I. it. tie rlt b I'oli-hme up the 1'rmlurt ol i the l orf.t And the Kild. I Special Cor. Statk Chiiovk ! E Hn Koia . N. C. Nov. '21. "If youeouM " t lhckory up on one cud," a.id the p.ts tor of one of its churches to me yesterday, 'it would a mile and a half high." This remark is literally true. A few ye.irs ago this sprightly Piedmont town could lo.t of a railroad warehouse. :t bhick tu;! Ii shop land I might add i a sign !..rd and a pile of rovks. Nov l,en on get itj the train, commanding buildings greet our gaze m every direction. Haiid-onie brick stores, tobacco factories, eotIy dwell ings, college buildings, wagou and other manufacturing establishments are just s it h evidences of business acth sty its is neee.-sary to stamp on the mind of the stranger tii.it comes this w; an impres sion that is wholesome and lasting. Hickory hasn't sprung up like some towns we hear of out west, whore the fel low went out 'Missurn hunting and durinsr the night, l'iug pursued by a Uar, went up a tree, dropped off to sleep alii! next day found himself in the way of parties putting up telephone w ires through a tow n that had len built all around him while he- was asleep. It has taken the combined effort on the part of its business men to make Hickory what it is. It is not a 1U1 eigh, nor a Charlotte, nor is it yet awhile a Durham or a Winston, but it is an active and healthy little sister of theirs, with buoyant hopes, lofty ambitions and a de termination to rival either of them in pro RTcssive t hen;ght anil industry. Situated in the fertile Piedmont Valley on the ex treme eastern slope of the Blue Ridge its surrounding hinds are rich and productive. Its climate is so salubrious anil its water sj pure that disease diminishes like mist in the sunlight. Towering pesiks of pic turesque grandeur almost touch the sky in the distance and lenel their blended be-auty as the enchanted gazer casts his eye across tho intervening glens. The planters of Catawba diversify their crops to a greater extent than probably any other county in the S'ate, and if you remain in Hickory (which L their principal place of trade) two days you will see wag wis drive up loaded with wheat, others bringing cotton, others with that bright velvety tobacco for which Piedmont Caro lina is so noted, while still others will bring to market wagon loads of line fruit and all kinel of country produce. They are a go easy class of people, not in any hurry to get rich, but yet they live at home and board at the same place ami in conse quence are independent and happy. If prices are too low they are .able to hold them until the market advances. "And this,"' said a leading business man of Hickory, "is one reason that business just now is dull. Our people," said he, "make their own provisions, make very few debts and hei ee are independent, and whenever cotton, tobacco anel their other products are too low they hold them until prices get better." Hickory's Business Interests. Hickory iloesn't have to depend alone on its merchantile interests, nor on its manu facturing establishments, but it fosters them both together ami one so helps the other that the natural result of profit and prosperity follows. The business men here are not ne-ar so antagonistic as at many places; of course there is a spirit ot business rivalry, but it is pleasant and friendly and each of them stand ready to aid the other in every legiti mate effort looking to the upbuilding of the town or its business interests. To illus trate, Mr. J. G. Hall, who is the leading genius in Hickory's progressive affairs, a man of means and of considerable busi ness, consents for the people to elect him Mayor, and for a nominal salary gives one hour of his valuable time every day to the faithful discharge of his official duties. Another, Mr. A. A. Shuford, one of the most successful merchants in Western Carolina, consents to leing appointed Street Commissioner, and for no salary at all superintends all the street improve ments. If one merchant at any time neeels a little assistance and another is able to assist him he does it and does it cheerfully. The town is rapidly going ahead. With in the past year four handsome brick stores have been completed, while planing mills, a sash and blind factory and several other manufacturing enterprises have been established. Unlike many even larger towns Hickory has a well classified trade. In the grocery line, Messrs. Hall Bros, and Messrs. Latta & Beard, each occupy ing large brick buildings carry every thing in the grocery line. In dry goods, the stores of Messrs. A. A. Shuford & Co., and of Messrs. Field Bros, would be orna ments to any town. The clothing empo rium of Messrs. Hill & Hill is the popular headquarters for all Piedmont gents who wish to don nobby and stylish suits. Mr. J. T. Moore, a former Raleighite, presides over a large furniture store and his trade reaches out to all the adjacent towns. Messrs. Link, McComb & Co. , are among the successful and popular young business men, and their recently established busi ness is growing as Hickory growg. The drug trade has a worthy representative in Mr. O. M. Royster. Two well established newspapers are published in the town, the Piedmont Press and the Carolinian. The Press is ably conducted by Messrs. Bryan & Tomlinson, and Bro. Murrill, of the Carolinian, has made his paper an advo cate of temperance and don't hesitate to "sreak out in meetin," if he fiuds the boys imbibing too much of the ardent. Schools and Colleges. Until recently Hickory's educational in terests had not kept apace with its other advancement. Now, however, it can boast of a number of notable and worthy educational institutions. Chief among them is the Catholic Convent, a sightly and commodious building, accommodating several hundred pupils and here you find young ladies fom nearly every State in the South, who receive learning from a number of sisters who have consecrated themselves to the training of the young. In a beautiful grove on the suburbs of the town, commanding a v iew tliat inspires the young mind as it dives down into the mysteries of rhetoric and science, stands Claremont College. Not a very large building, but one of the handsomest in the State. This excellent school is presided over by Mrs.' Bonney, from New York, who is assisted by her young daughter, a graduate of Wellesley College. Mi.ss Conk lin and Miss Howard, of New York, also graduates of Wellesley, and Miss Cobb, the accomplished sister of Prof. Collier Cobb, of Wilson. This school is well man aged and has a promising future. The Hickory High School for yonng men has been recently established and starts off with bright prospects. Manufactories. The Piedmont Wagon is known and its uniform excellence and durability is known wherever people, anywhere in this part of lh country, hiurh up tnalw, ad th. r w&re from ploe to tlo Thi Tlw t,' W i'ti Work is 5rolat-! thnvt f'-r five i f it Viti.l m the" Mt-. TI.cj ;- ait uuled in the to n of Hi k- r and . . i rut-led w:th them an- buihlm t : almost make httlo town lhe j shopis, the bhv kstu-th h ). tho o!be. ' the Hmg- !o !. .!, tie !' !i '.i . ! all separate b-tildittiT. eaeh ,.m t!i. s,.- ;., j iUippt! and well arranged J b. r twt-nty ate different is s ..! m. I s r j all of the vcrv latest iat :.: .u 1 r-.-i ' v i 4 !iorM .wer c!';tnv Tb- !;';' r . j obtained from the great f -re! of U , . : ! Carohti.'t and no Ui. l under she - ,u , : du r liiiet specimens of .! ( ..'.:. every v.ruiv th.tn !!.; n. i: ' country of ours The !od:, on Work has now, ot; its yard six hundns! thousand fe-t Jiit of it, pile of lutnU-r iiearlv as big ."Male house, waiting to U tut t i wagon KiKikea and hu!. and it don to wait long either. forwJh twenty 'ive Iator having in a. Inm s and on.- !u.:i!:.d mcvhatius turning out eight cm. pi. u wagons ovcrv dav,lh great i-.i-s of x-.:u j U-r soon disappear. Mr. J Ii!! i t i.e j President of the Company and the w.,fc j are under his excellent managt tm ut j A few hundred yards from tb.- -...g .11 works is .situated the pl.tiung noils and sah. dixr and blind faetoiy of the II. ek ory Manufacturing Compauv. 1'..- Cm pany arc just completing a large c-ntt.t. t for doors and blinds for the Vei. in In sauo Asylum. They are also furm!. .ng sa-sh, deKrs and blinds for the new h- tel at Slatcsv illo. The work of this Company (and giKxl work it ist goes from one end of the W. N. C. K. U. to the other, and as this Mstion improve,, (and ie scli.ii is improving more rapidly (enterprising tow ns like Hickory that reach out for the busi ness arc sure to get rich. Kvcrylsslv who reads the Cuu.iMiit (and you know that me-iim nearly ovciy body) knows of "Little kat ic," the famous plug tobacco. Well here is its home, not only the home of the tobacco, but also t lu home of the pretty little girl who, ree.g nizing its merits, consents to tw me a round herself a wreath of Catawba tloweisand smilingly invite all who hud comfort and solace in using the wis-d to choose "Little Katie.'' In a large four story bricL hud. I illg, thoroughly ejuipjK-d with all manner of machinery anel every modern impioe ment for the ni.-inulaeturc of tobacco, we find Messrs. Hall .v. Bohauuaii who among tho largest and most mico tobitcco msinufacturers in the State, firm is composed of Mr. J. . Hall. are sful Hie Mr. Jno. N. Boh.innaii and Mr. L. M. Tottcn, all pusliMig anl energet ic business men Their jwpular brands, including "Little Katie," are known all over tho South "Sweet Sixteen Smoking Tobacco," m.ele by Messrs. Tomlinson A: Co., and ' ('. I C." manufactured by Messrs. Ke h, lavi & Co., are also among Hickory's eomuieu dable enterprises. Catawba county, you know, isthe "Ban ner Iemoeratic county" of the State, and I find Hickory full of Cleveland Iem i crats -civil service reformeis. " The South eru Democrats have nothing lo lose by civil service reform but all to gain," said one Catawba man to me. "Our parly has in it nearly all the men of fit ness and char acter in the South, ami this l(eiug a fact we can lose nothing by a law that recog nizes .a man of this character rather than a man whose only claim, is that he holler ed for the party. I-t the jMiliticians leave Mr. Cleveland alone," asiid he, "and he will give us si wholesome- administration, one that will liem-fit tins country, elevate politics and foster and protect our best m terests." Catawba county is not si political world within itself, nor does it Iiojm- to frame issues for political parties, all it wants to do (and this it will do; is to roll up the biggest Democratic majority of any coun ty in the State, smd then when it sees an opportunity for reforming politics, it l lieves in that kind of Democracy that not only promises reform but works to at tain it. Out. O. Nh i.k. A Chatham Jury that Held Out Again! the Judge. Speaking of presentments of rosvl over seers by the grand jury, the Putsloio Home relates the following incident : "When Tourgee long may he live m some other hind th.an ours -was on the bench in this district, and was holding court in the grjod old county of Chatham, he was fierce upon the road overseers smd direct h1 the grand jury to present all (he rostds,and for theSolicitor to indict theover seers. Towards the conclusion of the week tho grand jury filed into the court room and asked to be disohsirged as there was no other business for them to do, where upon the following colloquy ensued : .1 udge 'Mr. Foreman, have you made a present ment of the roads in your county i"' in si drawling tone. The foreman, si worthy and honest old gentleman who could Ix-at the judge two in the game at a drawl, n plied 'We have not Mr. Judge.' Judge: The court refuses to discharge you; you will return to your room and resume your duties.' Slowly and solemnly the vener able foreman filed out of the court room followed by his associates. The next d;iy when tho jury came in and asked to ! ilischarged Tourgee again asked: 'Mr. Fore man have you made presentments of the roads in your county, none of which are in a lawful condition.' 'We have not Mr. Judge,' came drawling back to the drawl ing judge. The scene became interesting. The judge is in a 'wall-eyed' rage. The foreman stands with impurturable gravity. 'The court refuses to discharge you. And further, Mr. Foreman if you continue to disregard the instructions given you, the court will take the whole of you with it around the circuit till you become willing to obey its orders.' The foreman replied, 'We'll go with you. Mr. Judge. I've got enough in my wagon to last the boys till Saturday night. I'll send my wagon by home and get some more. Yes, we'll go Mr. Judge.' The roads were not prose cuted. Mr. Henderson and his jurors w ere not carried around the circuit either, and it wsis not because Tourgee did not want to do it. The Cireat Improvement. From Concord Times. The great improvement in every way in the Raleigh "iironki.e since its recent change of management is so noticeable that we cannot refrain, even at this late day, from complimenting the enterprising young editor on the great change he has made in the paper. It has always leen a good paper, so far as that is concerned, but it remained for its present editor to make it of the best iu the State. Tennyson' Queen. V Who knows but if the beautiful girl who died so young had been blessed w ith Dr. Pierce's "Favorite Prescription" she might have reis-ned on many another bright May day. The "Favorite- Prescription" is a certain cure for all those disorders to which females arc liable. KAMorsMurnrv!;n!.lMANS s MI I Ml MM l x ..,,,lt KU. XhMfl sk,r,, l ,. ,1,, ,. , , , t, l(Mkr HmUr i .tn , ( V. its I l.Oinl torn. hl.itnrd I ..!,. ti,. , . ''" . 1 s x s i H I V . ! i , . . . t V! t i . a , : . , t , . - ' . i j , , 1 "I . .! . i 1 v c ! , i A : s ' II. T. !o. ;- y !! i., .d ;.. n ! ;;,..,: s! w i e ir L, ! . , . , . A ' , he ,c :. d I v of . w I-'..:, i ! w : . - . of 1 s ; i ., ' ... l p. :d t !.. H r ' 1 . t . f ... U . I . j 1 !. ! i , f . e ; f . t ! '. 1 I II ! d "S.t. s, ::,!'.. i , i , ! I sli-js.s;l,K fw M.;-d , . of I. t ; i tn.,!.t ,iii. .t ! i ; i . 1 1 . ' ! : . . ' fr-en w I, . Ii !. . t .f. ; , , ' , ,', j to , r ,,!!:. i --. .:;!!, , 1 i ' , d , I s. '., I, i J.., j, , ,,, ,4 (.,.. , ,,.., ., V , : ' sot, o,it:y. li-v ... .. . t. !.. ., ! ' "'.!!. I . d I he pi .,, 1 f 1 , ... . . j Wdh the bl. .!.!, ... . . . .,' . ,. . , but h. M i,..' !, n, i , ,, , , ,.; j t lie . . ..( I s . . . . !,.., I, ,. : , ot III.' lli.i-.. ol 1, v., t ii.. V , i troops nn.l. i ., it s , , , , , r . , l t ill it H s .Clld t I .. I.. ! i, ,. ,: . , , . id to r.4i se t I .,.. .tl,,l ; . ( . 1 . V .( bie .Hid gel, .(oil . s -, M d. t. I e. i., d I , Ills !.,!, W 11 tl tt.o i ,,f ;, ... 1 1 ; ,. , .,, t f r tin his own ouid : v Ai o. !,.,, : , . ed III l.w-n,g. . on , j ..in y-t f ..';i .:,.!. ' t he spring of i s.a., in M i, ... .. . i ;i ;., , w ere duly in usN-i .-.I ml ii.. I i , , 1 .l id M" l ie'oi. ' O H. b d, .o' . .,, ,. d I . , '.,... this i ..ii, pa III ..- d .! .d'. i !,. . i , , il w as i on, ii. i, i ! ii p., id 1 1 ,k ;. i , I '..It la tt to e! ul It '!. I !,.:.! .!.,'. ., ,u 1 i mt for tl,.. ( i i v ,' ... -Id.' i . :.t for that pui .o-.e 1 !.i o-ii, I . , i Sort h Carol ma, w bet e I ,. . .1 .' , . t ,. . 1 ., (,,,.,. number of w.! u!,i. .! ;i. :.. , i. i,, .. of the failure of tbe h i e I ,iu',., i , r, then m the I in!..! Males (.. t . r . ! necessary funds for the tt.i, p. .-t .,' , f t he t roops, only one of the i on pa. s . on Id be f ..( w a ! d. d . w In, Ii w a a . on , .1 1, , . u roli.-d in I 1 u.-o! 1 1 and adj. .1 n a g . 01. i,r ,, , ,,f Sort '1 .irohn.i I los company w.,s tat, 1 u to 1 1 a - id his own e pi 1 1 -, and o : 1 1 niatld.-d by oil.' of the :, if Inn. Henderson, 1 apt .1 II llunv lie returned I, -v. a - m Noi.-in!-. 1 : - -,,,t and w as t end. ml by Pi. -..!. i.t II a the office of o !a'y ( i . r.d of I !, , public of e.e, lntll he a' ip'e.l. a ;( was tie u appar, nt tliat tin n a o ,11 I , 1,.. invasion soon, of Texas b b .. a:. ! Texas w sis not then able t o in 1 ade M. v . . lie held that olliee in eli II 11 l..t, . , ,,!,. tut until the death of lol, li tin, t:i. Secret aiy of Mate, u !,,. h .,, , 11 r, , :n I 1.' eelllber, I Sl'.. soo!l al tl I U I . h. !,. , , appointed M it. tai y ol m.,!. i, 1 he pi, llellt. W hleh Olll. I 'he tilled l.i.l ll I,, u . appointed KliVoy 1 . v I 1 , 1 o 1 d . n . 1 1 and ! ; Ider rh inpoli nt i.ity lo I 1,, -land .-.!,. I I'i alK e. He ari l ed iu l.nd-.n ath ; 11 the -llier o I. 57 let al ou n.g in ie do. 1 , pa -s befol e p- 1 I I, ' , I h I 1 I. '! I.! 1 eoliitiii --loner. 1 1 , and ' . .. , pll -sll.g 1 he I - . o.'l.ll lot, o i . p. I !'e until tin . j . tl W hn ll tune he made a eon,., . tlli id v d h that govern I bo ,1 r t e M 1 1, 1 s. . y hi 1 lig I in 11 i j by Mr. iM'oMieil, w ho eon. i ..1. . 1 ! Irish radicals and held tie I..,!,,,,. , ,,1 powavr in I'at liaineiit, fearing 1 Com,, li s opposition, ihlaycd the J eeogn it , ti ,,' Texan independence. In the spring of lMliS he, !e-p.iil of obt siiniug t he recogmt ion by I -ing I and, v.. 1,1 over to Paris and pn - elite. I bis 1 1 e.h-nt 1,1! -. to the h'l'elil b ( o 1 I'll tin Id hIm e, it, d!i;. course of 1 ime, Texan, mdepi ini la e ai fully recogm.ed by I1111 1'hihppc, Kin;.; of the French. In ' tolx r, I - ::i, C n. Henderson w.is married lo M11 I tan. . . daughter of John Cox, of I'luhfJ. Iphia, I'a., who had liecii residing in l.urop. for several years educating hi t IhMu n .,n was .it th.it time residing in I'.ui' I. lien, lb iidi-rrou wsts married in t., , a of loiidoii, it lx-ing more ci in '. nn nt to d so under the lawn of the t wo i oiini , , lie returned to ie: a-, January. Id", .m l in the Spring of that year tt. . m s,,,, Augustine, from whe b tune he r. f,, , , to tsike any of lice, but de v ot. d hi tin,.- t . , hi, profession in order to i.p.ur P.itnr,. which had Id-en impaired by hi- n- , ,,. iu Ftil'opc w hi li the lixali ;;o . . i n n,. i was not able t o f ii t n i - h near,-, to .. ft.i, Ills CApl-tlKCs. Ill the Spling of ! - l ,e W SIS .sell! SIS MllilrtiT to V Sl'hlligtoll o, toact with Mr. Van Vandt t In ha.- .J. afTsiirs of TeX'.s to the I'nited Mat. , (I making si treaty with the teni-niiin id i smnexstlion. 'I he treaty w a- made and signed w it h John I '. aho:.n , t he i . t . , . , of State of the tinted state, forth. nexatioti of Tcxst but it was iej.- t. d ., t he: Senate - but the elect ion of Jam. I iVlk wou afterwards i-j ! i ! y i.rou.-:.' aUut tho annexation of 'I ;,,. h. ii, h'; wa a luemlH.T of the eotiVeiiiior, vi,,. , formed tho constitution for tla- M. tc , Texas and afterward -s w.isi!.,t.d Co,.; nor for the first term, which time he s. rv. ,j eut but d-'.linel st re eleetion. In the Spring of bl'i a war broke . . t between 'Jexan and Mexico and the I gi laturc of Texal lieing then in -....jon, a, the request of (Jen. Henderson, ga- h.ni command of the Texsis volunteers, ai d .. then acted a Majorcneral smd -t d . that capacity at the taking of M !:. r.- and was one of the commissioners a; po;;, ed on the part of tie L'nifi-d Stat", ter into the treaty of capitulation with '! Mexican commissioners, by whuh they surrendered to the American army the posses.-. ion of Monterey. For his s-rv;-cs as Major-General, Congress in lw!7 m,- d him a splendid sword at the co-.t of 4 ! , ', i eloSlars. After serving his term as -. .-ricr , f Texas he again returned the p--vie. . law, to which he confined hiu.-i d en ,- y, refusing to become si and. data- for. :. . position until after the d.-at h of ...-, I;, n i and former partner in the pnu-tii .-f U.: Thos. J. Husk, when he one roi d ' . CCpt if elected, theolhee of n.ito; ::, Texas to the Congress ol tin- , i,,;,.,i He wan elected w ithoiit opj.os,: . n : , I... : vacancy caused by the death of ' n I: den. Henderson dad in o- hmgiou Cdy whilst a ru tnls-r of t :.. I ... i st.iti h Senate on the 4th day of J .n .. J. .i. ing a wife and three .Loi ,;.: tu ,-.r:i his untimely end. Ih .s .t, .ueJa;.'i useful man p.issed from t'n - world and his remains rot in t gres i-mal l.urv tig ! ground of that city. JI, i i.t....-.-!ut-.is, ... C, N'-V. -2',, 1 .-.j.