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The State Chronicle scocsssoa to THE FARMER AND MECHANIC AND WEEKLY CHRONICLE. The Stale Chronicle PUBLISHEO'. EVERT FRIDAY MORRINI IT th CHRONICLE PUILISHIN9 COUPART A SOUTHERN FAMILY NEWSPAPER FOR TOWN AND COUNTRY, DEVOTED TO THE WELFARE OF NORTH CAROLINA, AND THE SOUTH. Subscription Price-Payable Strictly Id Advance 92.00 per Year; tl.on for s Months ; SO CDt (or Three Month CONSOLIDATED JULV ltt, 1885. VOL. XVIII. RALEIGH, X. C, FRIDAY, FE15IU AIIY 24, 1888. X(). FAMOUS NORTH CAROLINIANS m i i: kwi kn r m r. noktiic a r- OI.IN A H AS PRODUCF.D. sketch t th" I. ate Col. Unncuii K. McRue, a I, railing Member ot the W il iiiiiistou Itar. l,it wtrk's Chronicle announced the death of Co'. Duncan K. McRae, a leader t.f ttif Wilmington bar, at his daughter's residence in Brooklyn, N. Y., Feb. 10th, aficr a lout; illness. So great had been his suffering that death came to him as a release from pain. lie was born in Fay etteville in 119, and was in his 9th year. All his life, he was an extraordinary man. In youth he was marvellously precocious, delivering, at the age of six years, an ad dress of welcome to General Lafayette, upon the occasion of the vi.-it of that dis tinguished soldier to Fayetteville in ls25. ilis education was obtained at William & Mary College, Virginia. We reckon Col. McKae as among the eminent North Caro linians wao have added to the glory and reputation of the State of their birth. Col. Mediae had a unique intellectuality. He thought along lines, and read books altogether unthought of and unknown by many of his brother lawyers. He had a passion for the curious in liteiature, espec ially in the line of romance. He had a lively imagination, and the lofty and the beautiful sentiments of the best novelists and historians had a peculiar charm for him. In his intellectual make up, he was a genius unquestionably. Few men have imagination, wit and sarcasm, and strong reasoning powers. Col. McKae possessed all thret , and all of them in a high degree. His orations (this writer, asa school boy, several years ago, heard him deliver a lecture on '"Genius and Talent," and one on '"Humor," and the impression made is lasting to this day) were models, whether we have regard to elegance of of diction, purity of English, aptness illustration, and fullness of infor mation, or to attractiveness of delivery and grace. He had rather a thin, piping voice which, at first, grated unpleasantly on the ear, but this apparent defect made his lectures all the more impressive. His voice compelled you to listen. The beauty of his diction charmed you, and the sub ject matter of his lecture held you atten tively to the close. To us it has often been a matter of regret that North Carolinians did not oftener make demand upon this gifted man for literary treats. Had he lived in the North he could have made much money by delivering lectures. n the lecture platform ht was at his best, lie had a fund of humor that was delight ful, if often it gave a st.ng. His sarcasm was the most cutting aid the brightest. He was armed capapie. He never failed to interest, to please, to amuse, and to in struct his audiences. Sane of his lectures and orations ought to bt given permanent shape, and handed dowi to coming gen erations of North Carolitians. They would read these lectures with interest, and the .eculiarities of the man vhich impressed, sometimes favorably and sometimes un favorably, his cotetuporar.es would not in fluence their estimate of his real ability a:id scholarship. Col. McKae loved the intricacies and nice points and shades of tie law. It was sometimes said of him t.at his love for the nice shades and distintions made him 'stick in the bark." II . sotetimes brought ca.-es to the Supreme Cour upon points of law which, to his mind, vere clear and strong, but which could nt be grasped or understood by the unprcessional man. He never gave up a case. He fought for his clients to the last ditQ. He went in to win and he burned hisridges behind him. He fought to the last appellate court, and used every plea known to law yers. But while he neversurrendered,he scorned to accept as his rule of profes sional conduct the rule lad down by Lord Brougham, as Counsel forueen Caroline, which was: "An advocate, by the sacred duty which he owes to hi client, knows in the discharge of that once but one per son in the world, and nne others. To save that client by all expdient means to protect that client at dl hazards and cost to all others, and anong others to himself is the highest art most unques tioned of his duties; and ie must not re gard the alarm, the sufferfcg, the torment, the destruction which he lay bring upon any others." While goinaas far for his client as it was possible top and maintain his professional and penmal integrity, Col. Mediae did not confom hi practice to Lord Brougham's rule. Te rather con formed his own conduct tothe principles laid down by Lord Langdaltin Hutchinson vs. Stephens. Lord Langdle said : "No counsel supposes himself j be the mere advocate or agent of his uent to gain a victory, if he can, on a part-ular occasion. The zeal and arguments of very counsel, knowing what is due to tmself and his honorable profession, arc qualified not only by considerations aff ;ting his own character as a man of hotr, experience and learning, but also byconsiderations affecting the general intents of justice." Col. .McKae had been a h: d student and heknew the law. When h went into the court room to try a case 1 knew every thing about it. If his diet had wounded a man, he knew more aboi. that branch of surgery than the doctor ailed as an ex pert. His mind had bee! well trained, and he could master any stjject with ease and rapidity. He was alangerous an tagonist, because he knew very fact, near or remote, connected wit his case, aud he neither asked nor gavt quarter. lie could, almost at any time get the laugh on his antagonist. This his one of his strong points, ;.n 1, comlned with his withering sarcasm and hiathorough pre paration, made him dangeius to meet in the court room or on the stmp. He began the practice of w in Raleigh, and attended the courts of the adj .ining counties. Of the bar at that time it may be said "There were giants in those day." Col. Mediae held his own again t the ablest and most distinguished, and made fees and reputation. After the war he removed io Memphis, Teun., where he enjoyed a large and lucrative practice. For two years, leaving Memphis, he prac tised in Chicago. In 1879 he returned to North Carolina to practice law in Wil mington, and became the senoir member of the tirni of McKae & Strange. His knowledge of the law and his ability as an advocate always secured for him a large practice. Col. McKae was less successful, though not less brilliant aud well furnished, as a politician than as a popular lecturer and lawyer. His first public service was to carry messages for President Tyler to Mexico. Before he was twenty-live, he was elected to the Legislature. At twen ty five he was appointed I.'. S. District Attorney for North Carolina by President Polk. As a young man he was called to Granville couuty to meet in debate Hon. K. B. Gilliam, the Whig champion of that district, lie made a great impression, met Mr. Gilliam with ability and upheld Democratic doctrine in such a way as to throw new enthusiasm into the Democrats, and to win a high compliment from Mr. Giiliam. To this day old men in Gran ville tell about this contest between "young McKae and Gilliam," and their eyes have an unwonted brightness as they recall the interest which the debate pro duced. In '. "-"): he was a candidate for Congress. He was soon after appoiuted consul at Paris, aud while there acted as secretary of the celebrated Ostend Conference, and bore the dispatches sent by Minister Bu chanan. Mason and Soule to the President of the United tates. In Is.-.s he returned to North Carolina, and ran as an indepen dent candidate for Governor against Gov. Ellis. He was defeated, although he made a campaign that added to his pre vious reputation as a popular campaigner. We think he was never afterwards a can didate for office. He was not, in any sense, an Oily Gammon. He stood by his convictions courageously. He was lack ing, perhaps, in the essentials of political success. He could not smile at, and shake hands with every one, and he was wout to speak slightingly of influential classes of men. He was a true friend, but not always a wise or discreet one in politics. He could not make himself strong, nor do great service for his friends. And yet he had the respect and esteem of all who knew him. He had courage both physical aud moral. He could stand up against any odds, when he believed in a cause, aud maintain it. As an editor Col. McKae had decided aptitude. When the war began he was Colonel of the Fifth North Carolina Keg iment.and served with conspicuous bravery until the appointment of a Georgia officer over his head as Brigadier General. Then he resigned, and legau publishing a paper called The Confederate, at Kaleigh. It was a live, vigorous, strong, influential aud independent journal. t ol. McKae said what he thought and he had opin ions and strong convictions. His paper did good service to the Confederate cau-e. A file of that paper, together with his orations and legal arguments, would fur nish abundant material for a medium size volume. It would be a valuable book as an historical, as well as a literary, work, and would serve to perpetuate the mem ory of one of the most gifted men North Carolina has produced. In a newspaper sketch, necessarily prepared with haste, it is impossible to do justice to this talented lecturer, learned lawyer, and successful advocate, and well furnished scholar. He had attained unto ripe years. Of him we may say: "Here lies one who reposes after a long feast, where much love has has been: here slumbers, in patience and peace, a veteran, with all his wounds in front, aud not a blot on his 'scutcheon after four score years of duty well done in the fierce and ceaseless campaign of life!" CHORUS. From translation of Aristophanes' Thes mopiiuiiazus;e l!Y W. L. COLLINS. They're always abusing the Women terrible plague to men: They sav we're the root of all evil, and repeat it again and again; Of war and quarrels arid bloodshed; all mis chief, be it what it may; Aud, prav then, why do you marry us, if we're all the nlairues you sav? And why do you take such care of us, and keep ns safe at home: And are never ea-sy a moment, if ever we chance to roam? When you ought to be thanking heaven that your Plague is out of the way. You all keep fussing and fretting "where is mv Plague to-day?" If a Plague peeps out of the window, up go the eyes of the men; If she hides.then they all keep staring until she looks out again. - The Team that Will Win. Special Cor. State Chronicle. Our friends seem to be somewhat per plexed to find the men who ca.i Lad us to victory in the coming campaign. Take the following names and weigh well the sur roundings. Put the name of Capt. S. B. Alexander, of Mecklenburg, at the head of the ticket; Ihos. W. Mason, of North ampton for Lieut. Goveruor, aud N. B. Broughton, of Wake, for Auditor, and let Saunders, Bain, Finger and Davidson stay where they are, and the ticket will carry the State by 20,000 to 30,000 majority. Let us exercise the greatest discretion aud prudence in making up a ticket for 1888. One of the People. . . . .Through the generosity of a recent graduate and moderate outlay of funds on the part of Trinity College, the chemical laboratory of the department of physical science has been refurnished with chemi cals and new apparatus, thus greatly in creasing the facilities for laboratory work. KiDston Free Presa. MRS. BELT A LOCK WOOD. thi: i)i:fkatkd female candi date LECTURES IN KALKKiH. How She Looked--How She Talked And Something ol What She Talked to Her Audience. To North Carolinians a female lecturer is a novelty, a female lawyer a curiosity, and a female candidate for the Presidency of the United States, a'phenomenon of the rarest order. Mrs. Belva Lock wood, who lectured at Metropolitan Hall, in Kaleigh Friday night, combined in herself these characters. Noth ing could show more plainly what our peo pie think about "Woman in Politics"' than the fact that so few people yielded to their curiosity to hear the only woman who ever aspired to be the President of the United States. Her audience consisted of about seventy five persons, twenty of whom were ladies, while the majority of tlfe others were men past middle life. Gray hairs and bald heads were couspicuo is on account of their number in the audience. Twenty bald heads were counted. There were probably not a dozen men under thirty years of age present. The lecturer was introduced by T. K. Purnell, Esq., in a few compliment ary remarks. She then came forward and began her two hours lecture, the subject of which was Washington Life socially, morally, politically and religiously. She claimed that Washington was not the wicked place that it was generally supposed to be. No profanity or vulgarity would ever be heard on the streets and Sunday was observed. The besettiug sin of her people was a disposition to live ex travagantly and not pay debts. From the boarding house keeper to the influential Senator there appeared to be a general disposition to pay as few debts as possible. Her descriptions on this line reminded one of Thackeray's chapter in Vanity Fair entitled "How to live well on nothing a year."' Washington is not a money-making place. The average Washiugtonian spends all the money that he makes and all that he can borrow. The clerks in the depart ments are no exception. Not only this, but after they have held their positions a few years they feel incapable of doing anything else. It is painful to seethe un easiness of these men at the prospect of a change in the politics of the administra tion. Mrs. Lockwood said she had wit nessed the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson (she gave a good description of that trial); that she had seen the excitement in Washington on the black Friday of Wall street when millionaires were becoming paupers; and that she was in Washington during the time of the social and political scandal in Grant's ad ministration, but all of it did not compare to the excitement and anxiety to be seen in Washington at Cleveland's election. And the anxiety is still felt by those who are yet holding over from past adminis trations. They are all trying to prepare for the change and are ready to become Attorneys and Claim Agents the general occupation of discharged clerks. She referred pleasantly to the- instan taneous political conversion of the inhabi tants ol the District of Columbia when Cleveland's administration began. Before that you could hardly find a full fledged Democrat in the District except members of Congress, and now, she said, the full Hedged Kepubliean is just as rare. She thought that perhaps the one thing that had done most for Cleveland was his bringing to the White House, as his bride, that typical American girl who was so justly popular aud who had warmed the hearts of the whole nation towards her husband and his administration . She gave it as her opinion that Clevclav.d was the most Democratic of all the Presidents, that he had more callers. She said there was never an opportunity offered when there were not from 500 to 2,()o0 people at the East I loom to shake the President's hand. She said that on a few occasions Mrs. Cleveland had performed this duty of handshaking for the President, when the latter was too busily engaged to re ceive his visitors. Mrs. 1x.kwood made some sensible re marks on dress, temperance and education. She paid a tribute to Mrs. Hayes for the moral influence that she exerted by not allowing wine on her table or low necked dressed at her receptions. She en lorsed the remark of the critic who, on seeing a number of ilderly ladies arrayed in deco lette, said that he "thought that it would be well to throw a veil over the past." She spoke of the enterprising newspaper re-porters who furnished printed blanks on which ladies were to fill out full des scription.s of their dresses to be published in the daily papers;of the femalu and male lobyist, who by banquets worked through such legislation as could not go through on its own merits; of the famous Star Route Cases, of the Credit Mobiher, and the Salary Grab Steal; of the Claimants who can be seen for years, spending all that they can get and gradually going to seed in the vain hope that they will finally get their claims, which, if secured, would not half pay their expenses. The part of her lecture that showed most power was her vivid picture of the breach in the Republican party begun by Blaine's allusion to Conkling as "the strutting tur key cock of the Senate." From those words as a first cause she traced the de feat of Blaine in the Republican Conven tion, in which Conkling led Grant's forces: Ga; field's nomination by that Convention; and afterwards his assassination by Gui teau w ho insanely hoped to restore har mony to his party thereby; Blaine's final . . r - i. 11. ,1 f 1 . 1 : . . defeat for the Presidency, and Conkling's permanent retirement from American poli tics. The moral tone of the lecture was good. The lecturer's references to "The Rebel lion" were distasteful to a Southern aud ience and would not have been listened to so respectfully if it were not for the South erner's respect for woman. Had the lec turer worn trousers, he would have been hissed from the platform. Mis. Lockwood is a little above medium height, weighing about 150 pounds, with a strong face and a pleasant smile. Her dress was of old gold satin with maroon velvet front. Her hair was done u: in ordinary style and she wore a dia mond pin. She always addressed the au- dience as "Gentlemen and ladies,'' never "Ladies and gentlemen." She did not talk Woman's Rights much. She did say, however, that in twenty States women were allowed to vote on educational ques tions, ami they would after awhile be allowed to vote on temperance questions The only other refereuce to this subject was in regard to the education of girls which she thought should be like that of boys in order that the girls should be self sustaining aud independent of matrimony. It was her opinion that there might be less of romance in this but that there would also le fewer disappointments and fewer divorces. We give this extended notice of Belva Lock wood's appearance in Raleigh not be cause her lecture was anything extraordi nary, nor do we regard her as a brilliant woman. She is a thorough Yankee, is a smart and intelligent woman with good sound notions on many subjects and es pecially well informed on the political history for the past quarter of a century, i YE OLDE TIME CUSTOMS. Rules and Regulations for a Hull in JCaleigh in IN0;. The Chronicle has been shown an origi nal copy of a set of rules and regulations governing Balls or Dancing Assemblies in Raleigh in 1803. It is still well preserved and is the property of au aged lady of this I city. We print it for the interest of the younger readers of the Ciiimnu i.k It ' reads: At a Meeting of the Gentlemen of th. City of Raleigh, on the 1st. day ot Feb i 1803, the following Rules were adopted; : Kksolvf.d, That there be live Balls or Dancing Assemblies in the City, viz: ne j on each Evening of the secoi.d Frulays of ! February. March, April and May, aim the j fourth day of July in the present year; j and to that end, that sub.-cnpiion paper j be opened for all Meu of character, be judged of by the Managers hereafter to ! ; appointed. ! Kesolvep FrnniEU, That no man rcsid- j ing in the City or within ten miles thereof, j shall have the privilege of purchasing a ' ticket for the night; but to enutie him to j admittance, must become a subset :b r; and no Man residing within the Couuty ot i Wake, .-hall be invited to either oi the said Balls; but that those who rvs-.de oi.d j the limits of ten mi let arid vith.n tin- ! County of Wake, may be permit w d to pui - j chase a Ticket for the Night. That n.e' Managers alone shall give invitations, and j shall use their discretion in selling Tu-ket I for the Night, or giving invitations tope:- . sons residing without the limits ot i!,ej county of Wake. ; Resolved also. That any person becom ing .. subscriber after the commencement of said Assemblies, shall 1)0 eumpelled to pay only for those Balls which are to take place after the date of his Mih-criptiori. Tt at no person under the age of sixteen years, shall be permitted to subscribe; and no female under the age of thirteen shall be invited; nor shall any Lady be in vited where there is a male head of her family, unless such male shall ieconie a subscriber. Resolved fi kTHF.r. That the Managers aforesaid, shall have power to contract with some suitable character to furnish said Assemblies, and to procure good Mu sic, to have a Door keeper, an-! to exclude all such persons from the said Assemblies as are not entitled to admittance by these Resolutions, and to draw up such Hules and Regulations for the good order and Government of said Assembli -s as they may think proper; and generally to take upon themselves the management of the same. Resolved, That the practice of giving Balls in the said City to persons reeen ly married, be exploded. The Gentlemen, then proceeded to bal lot for Managers, whereupon the follow ing Gentlemen were chosen: John Inoi.es, William Hamilton, William Polk, Rohekt Fleming, Henry Potter, and C. Masseniu Ri;, William Peace. In conformity to the foregoing Resolutions, the Managers met and formed the fol lowing Rules and Regulations to be ob served at the said Assemblies: First. That each Ball shall be opened with a Country Dance. That the Mana gers use their discretion in giving the first Places in the Dance to strange Married Ladies, and resident Ladies recently Mar ried, in preference to the other Married Ladies; and to strange Single l.adie.-, in preference to other Single Ladies: and that after the exercise of such discretion, a,l other Married Ladies shall first draw for Places, and then the Single Ladies after the same order. Second. The Gentlemen may engage 'Partners for the Evening,' but should strange or Married Ladies be without Partners, the Managers may procure them notwithstanding those engagements. .Third. There shall be one Round of Country Dancis before and one after Sup per: In the intervals, there shall be Reels and Cotillons; and no person in a Country Dance shall sit down until the same shall be ended. Fot RTH. That no Lady or Gentleman refusing to Dance with a Part tier prov ided by the Managers, shall be permitted to Dance in a Country Dance during the Evening. Fifth. That no Gentleman shall be ad mitted into the Bali-Room in Boots; nor shall any Gentleman be permitted to Dance without Gloves on. Sixth. No Gentleman in a state of In toxication shall be admitted. Seventh. There shall be no Game play ed at the Assemblies but the Game of Whist. Eighth. Each Ball shall be opened pre cisely at half an hour after Dark. Besides the foregoing Rules, it is under stood that every Lady and Gentleman present, arc under the general control of the Managers for the Evening, and that they are to conduct themselves accordingly. Vance Always Ahead. An Old Joke Re-Appearing. As the Senate was about to adjourn one Saturday afternoon until -Monday, Sena tor Hoar said to Senator Vance : " If you were a good Republican you could quote that little hymn : "How pleasant is Saturday night. When all through the week we've been good." Senator Vance replied: " Not being a Republican, I can't tell such a lie." -. Last Sunday, at Matthew's, Mr. James Spittle and Miss Smiley Pressly were united in the bonds of matrimony by Rev. J. W. Abcrnethy. The bride is not yet twelve years old, and her mother, be fore giving her consent to the union, stipulated that the bridegroom must con tinue sending her to school. To this Mr. S. agreed, and the young wife will not have to forego the pleasure of playing with the other school children. Monroe Enquirer-Express. OTHER PEOPLE S OPINIONS A ROUT SOME QUESTIONS UPON WHICH MEM DIFFER. Public Roads Democratic Economy Internal He venue Ch Ivin II. Craves' Total Abstinence, Ac, Ac. John C. Calhoun, it is said, never drank one drop of whiskey or spirits in his life. Ex. The same is said about Hon. Calvin Graves, of Caswell county, the man who gave the casting vote, as Speaker of the Senate of North Carolina, in favor of building the Noith Carolina Railroad. Several years ago a gentleman told us that when Mr. Grav s was dying, the doc tors wanted him to take some stimulants, but he said no that he had promised hi father, when a young man, never to drink intoxicating liquors of sort that he had kept tfiat promise, ana would not break it at death's door. Calvin Graves was a noble man. He retired from public life, voluntarily, after giving that casting vote, for it greatly displeased the people of his section of the State. He wanted no office the vote was solely a patriotic one. Charlotte Democrat. If ever a leader was greater than his party. Henri George is. Large-hearted, magnanimous, unselfish, intellectual, Hen ry George stands to-day in the foremost rank of the world's reformers. The clear ness and remarkable force of his writings, the purity of his character arid of his as pirations, his splendid p-. r severance against odds, his pat ience under defeat, have been the ad mi rat ion of all good men and com pelled thr respect even of his enemies. llenrj G.cigt is an out-and-out free trad- j er. He does not believe in any tariff j whatsoever between nations; he would j ab )lish entirely the present system of in terna! taxaiion, he would do away with custom houses and with the army of tax collectors now employed and he would laise all revenue by means of a single tax levied on that value of unimproved land given to it b the growth of population In supp'i't of this theory he has written one t the 'io-t powerfnl books on tax re form ih ii tia vet been given to the world. ; N. V. .'or. Landmark. A st i Esn L Moore county business man writes: "1 want to know if there are anv reasons for abolishing the revenue on whiskev and tobacco, extent that the tax ! was placed on these things ii se things in wartime. when it became necessary to raise all the taxes possible, and that because that ne cessity is of the past, the tax should be removid. I can't see the thing in that light; in fact, I am assure as 1 am of any thing, that the Democratic leaders are making a sad mistake in supposing that i any considerable number of Democrats! either want, or demand the repeal of these j taxes. Either this is a fact, fir, I am living i in a county that is the exception. I have ! made it a point for a month or more, to ; ask every man I saw his views upon this question, that seemed to trouble .so much j the lea .ers of the party, and 1 am sure ; that five of every six are opposed to even any reduction of the tax either on Whis- j key or Tobacco. What's the matter? I i tell you, 1 am afraid that the party in taking "revenue reform" is dancing to the music made by a, few moonshiners, and whiskey men, and this revenue re form talk in the mouth's of cpuntry dema gogues will disgust more good men and keep them away from the jkjIIs, thau it will make votes. I may be a fool, but I can't help thinking that if we are to raise taxes for government purposes, and of course we must, there is nothing better on which to place it than these two arti cles. If you will wage war on the manner of its collection, I am with you heart and soul. I would like to see every officer un der the general government except those connected with the Postal service with drawn from North Carolina and every other State for that matter Upon this very ground I am opposed to the Hlair bill. 1 know how much you are in favor of this, and how much it would help in educating the children that may otherwise get very little. I see that too, but the tendency to centralization is too strong, and this would be a stride in that direction. I am an old time Democrat." DEMOCRATIC ECONOMY From Statesville Landmark. A correspondent of our neighbor, Advocate, attacks the directors of the the Western North Carolina Insane Asylum this week for being too economical in the salaries the female attendants. The charge of too great economy is so rarely biought against public servants that the asylum directors will rather feel honored than otherwise by this attack. If is bet ter to be charged wbh being too careful with public money than to be charged with being too free with it. AUDI T PUBLIC KOIDS. A leading Wilson county farmer writes: "I want to say in regard to the road ques tion, that I think the principle point in having good roads is to have the work that is th;ne directed by intelligence. 1 believe that the amount of work done on a large majority of the roads of the State is am ply sufficient if it was done as it should be. Roads left in a condition for the wa ter to stand on them, ami all the water that falls on them or near them to run down them can never be good roads, how ever much work may be done on them. A man who don't know how to terrace his land and run his rows to keep his farrr from washing down into the si rear '3 not fit for a road manager. I mear to sa' that our roads should be put under the very best engineering ski'' in the State, that he should be a man of brains and there thould be a road system, as the rail roads have, and all roads should be work- ed by his discretion, and all new roads cut and opened by the best -ikill toke had. More than hnlf the work done on many a farm is worthless and does no good but harm, and two thirds of the work done on the public roads is worthless. Our road managers, to a large majority are careless and indifferent and profoundly ignorant of what should be done to a road. Now I am in favor of some kind of tai to keep the roads in good condition, but not to have the people pay this tax and then have it as poorly and foolishly directed as the labor is now. In just this way two thirds of our public school money is thrown away. If you mean that each wheel shall be taxed to keep up the roads, I don't much like that, for hundreds of well-to-do people in towns aud cities don't own wheels but hire when they want to ride. I like a tax that reaches all according to ability to pay. The Chronicle is a good paper and don't whip around the stump, but comes out with the facts in an earnest high-toned way that I like very much." A CHEAT TICKET. From Louisville Courier-. Journal. The Republican party is surely in a more advanced stage of decrepitude than even the country has considered it, if it cannot perceive that its only hope and the one logical ticket for it in the coming con test is this: For President, Catawcmits Fouakkkof United States. For Vice-President, Little Breeches Fokaker of Ohio. The Cabinet would be something like this: Secretary of State, The Hon. Wh anodooih.e Forakei:. Secretary of tbe Treasury, The Hon. Gvasi.i tis Fokaker. Secretary of the Navy, The Hon. Drk Deadeve Forakek. Secretary of War, The Hon. Snickersnee Foraker. Secretary of the Interior, The Hon. Ski li'skinner Foraker. Attorney General. The Hon. Hiirriokoola H. Wow Fouaker. Postmaster General, THE Hon. la KIIEI.I.OI ToFAriEMOCRATU - stamp- Foraker. THE INTERNAL REVENUE. A Voice from Guilford Cotintv Speaks Vgaiast Repealing It. Special Cor. State Chronicle. Oak Ridi.e Institute, Feb. 15, "88. Au amount has been said through your col umns, and the columns of other leading Democratic newspapers, about the ad visa bility of abolishing the tax on fruit bran dy. 1 have patiently waited for some one else to expose the fallacy of that policy of the party. 1 have hesitated to step forth from the school room and attempt to play the role of po'itician or statesman. But the pressure is too strong, and I must "speak out in meetin'." 1 have been a Democrat ever since I was "Jl years of age I am a Democrat from principle, as 1 have never sought office of any kind at the hands of the party. I am a Democrat from conviction too, since the influences thrown around my early life were on the other side of the scale, (my fattier being a strong "Union man," and a staunch Republican ) lam a Democrat because 1 have always believed in the great principles which underlie it. I am a Democrat because to me it has always seemed that Democracy was a friend of the masses of my countrymen. It was Democracy to which the people looked for succor in the hour of despair, when war had glutted himself to satiety on our for tunes, and had left us homeless and desti tute. It was Democracy that cleared our skies, rebuilt our homes, regathered our scattered fortunes, and infused new life into the veins of our people. It was De mocracy that reestablished our schools, that spread the silken sail and plied the golden oar of a commerce, which has no parallel in our past history. It was De mocracy that waked us from our "Rip Van Winkle" sleep, and set us to throb bing with the new life of to-day. That the Internal Revenue law, with its system of espionage, together .with the fact that it is a war tax, is in some re spects odious, I shall not attempt to deny. But why in the name of statesmanship and humanity shall we clamor for a worse condition of things? Whj shall the Demo cratic party clamor for free brandy? Isn't it an insult to tfie higher instincts of hu manity to be found in the Democracy of North Carolina to intimate that its perpe tuity depends on free brandy? The party of morality, the party of education, the party representing the highest degree of Christian civilization in the South can't live without giving its members free bran dy! Then let it die decently. Better, a thousand times better a decent, honorable death, than for it to become the avowed enemy of reform, aud to lead a bloated life. Every educator in North Carolina knows that even to-day, with all the re strictions which both State and National law afford, the greatest enemy to the so cial, mental, and moral development of his students is intemperance. Take away all restrictions, turu every spring branch through a still house, darken every sky with t lie smoke of its torment, convert every hovel into a saloon, and then, if you can, calculate the downward plunge of our State. The people do not want the tax on fruit brandy. repealed. We are of the people, from the people, and among the people, and we have yet to hear the first good citizen sneak in favor of it. Shall we ca ter to the demands of a vicious and ignor ant clement of the party, .-:nd lower that banner which has been our pride and hope till it trails in dust and filth : No, rather let it wave triumphantly, honorably, glo riously, inscribed with the story of other reforms. The people muv be silent now, but they may speak when it is too late fo" the party to make amend. I,et "or.' vestigia retrorsum be the 11101 to r. nfjv pa rt y . And when t he ta v on f , is H-aled, if it shall be rei, wiH Democratic party, a faithK . .u .Q be forever estranged fro1 Parent whoe misdeeds are beyond SSThoi.t. a vuston telegram to the Char l,.tt.V in.-'nicle savs that in Forsyth Su " riorJourt, Tuesday, A. L. Stipe, chair of the Republican County Executive .committee, was sentenced by Judge Clark to imprisonment in the county jail for thirty days, and to be hired out by the county commissioners to woik on the pub lic road for non-payment of lines aud cost. The first engine over the new Ox ford & Clarksville Railroad steamed into Oxford Thursday of last week amid shouts of rejoicing. THE NATION'S CAPITAL THE IILAIR HILL I.OST CROl.ND IN THE SENATE. Talk of Displacing Chairman Ilarniim, Maine Can Control the KcpiiMicau Nomination No .New StateKtliis Vim. Special Cor. State Chronicle. Washington, I). C, Feb. 20, 1888. Senator Ransom's bill appropriating $500. 000 for building a suitable Light House ofT Cape llatteras has passed the Senate with out a dissenting vote. It will also pass the House. As Senator Joe Brown, of Geor gia, said, he got a 100,000 for every min ute he spoke when he iutroduced the bill. Senator Ransom wanted to go home Wednesday, Feb. 2 2d, a legal holiday, but themeetiugof the National Democratic Committee on that day forces him to re main here. Gen. Ransom is a member both of National Democratic Committee and of the National Executive Committee in which positions he wields great influ ence for North Carolina. There is a strong under current of sentiment here, inimical to the Hon. Wm. II. Baruum, Chairman of the Committee. The main cause of this is the fact that he is a large irun manu facturer and a staunch friend of Samuel J. Randall. Mr. Baruum was one of Til den's closest friends and to his shrewd ness and executive ability the Tilden vic tory is in a measure attributable. 1 do not believe the Democratic party can afford to ignore the claims or despise the abilities of men like Wm. II. Barnurn. I know him to be an upright, generous-hearted gentle man, a shrewd politician, a true friend, and he has proved himself a conservative and judicious Chairman of this iuqwrtant committee. He is a protectionist, but first of all, he is a tried and staunch Democrat. He gave $:55,O00 out of his own pocket for one campaign fund and he influenced a wealthy friend to give $100,000. Men like this are necessities in National campaigns. He is at once courageous, sagacious and possesses splendid executive ability. Scott, of Erie, is spokon of as his successor. That gentleman is wealthy and has many strong fiiends and admirable qualities, but a change at this juncture is, to say the least, risky. f Lieut. Gov. Chas. M. Stedman was here last Saturday on his way to New York. He returns next Wednesday. Messrs. Webb and Gudger, of Western North Carolina, were last week appointed postal inspectors. Their salaries are about 2.mn) a year. Both are spoken of as good appointments. The Wadesboro Brown Stone Company has secured the contract for supplying the material for the new public buildings at Wilmington. N. C. Prominent politicians here of loth par ties say that Blaine's letter was a master stroke, and that it made his nomination a necessity. The Republicans are at sea. They have no one but Blaine on whom to unite, and no issue, except the one he has made more prominent than any living man of his party. John Sherman has no per sonal popularity; Sheridan is nothing but a soldier, and neither Allison, Harrison, Gresham, Hawley, nor Hiscock can com mand a big following. Lincoln is merely "the sou of his father." It is clear that the supporters of Mr. Blaine can control the nomination and can. prevent the nomination of any of the other candidates. A soldier at Hampton, Virginia, sent President Cleveland a letter about his claim for a pension now pending before Congress. He gave the President some very unique advice and information about military law. Enclosed in' the letter was an ambitious specimen of scroll work pa'tly made with the pen and partly with all kinds of fancy pictures pasted on the white paper. The letter was referred to the War Department and the unique pic ture, which was evidently meaut for a Valentine, with it. The majority for the Blair bill in the Senate was ten votes. In the 4'Jth Con gress it was 39 ayes to 9 nays showing decidedly more interest iu, ami more op position to it, this time. Mr. Blair, feel ing sure of a nearly solid Southern support, indulged iu concluding his speech in some uncomplimentary remarks about the South. I hope the Henderson educational bill will be substituted for the P.lair bill which, as I have before stated, will never get out of the committee room on educa tion. The committee on elections divided on party lines in the McDufTy Davidson case from Alabama. Tbe majority report seats Davidson, the contestee, while the minor ity would seat McDufTy who was beaten by a plurality of 8,000. The Committee on Territories has re ported in favor of the admission of Dakota, Montana, New Mexico and Washington as States. The Republicans will oppose the admission of Dakota as a whole desiring to make two Republican States in time. The outcome of the matter will probably be that no new State will be admitted this year. There is to be a conference as soon as the Democratic tariff measure is perfected between the Republican members of the Ways and Means Committee and the publican members of the Senate Coipreu tee on Finance who will cndeavori"r-nt.re upon a tariff bill to suit that Pft'this sub are however, great difference small ject among the Repubuy ' pej ami minority are with My,rotection; others, Kelley m favor of ln;rn)WSi are more lib with Brown andpj tjy ttl0 former can eral. No billupport c'f an the Republi commatid ',ti(1 lo lay he WOuld sooner cans. the Democrats. Indeed, many vot-e" Iowa, Indiana and other North Hhstern men say that the proposition of Kelley, Reed and McKinley is preposte rous. That proposition is to cut off forty ti.ree millions from internal taxes and seven millions from woolen goods, touch ing nothing else. The Western Republi cans for the most part, favor n cut on sugar, and if the Democrats put that iu and omit wool from the free list these Re publicans say they will vote for the Demo cratic measure. The fact is, the Republi cans are worse divided than the Democrats ever were on the tariff. A moderate Democratic bill is likely to go through the House, no matter what Randall does. But the Democrats cannot afford to omit wool from the free list aud the liberal Republicans say they cannot :i fiord to put it on. Messrs. H. G. My rover and D. McD. Grady have begun the publication of the Journal, to succeed the Evening News at Fayetteville. They will make it a success. A SCRAP OF HISTORY Internal Improvement Legislation in Special Cor. STATU CHRONIC!. K. GliEENsnoKo, N. C. , Feb .20, 1SS Tn th.-year 1848 Dr. Williams, of Boston visited the county of Chatham, and spent some time in exploring the valley of Deep River, in that county, where he opened a shop at Farmville and found two seams of fine semi-bituminous coal, divided by a seam of black band iron. The upper wain was something more than four feet thick, the lower, two feet thick. Dr. Willmmi came to Kaleigh while the Legislature wa in session and brought many specimens of coal, iron, slate and slate stone with him, anil delivered two or more lectures in the House of Commons to large assemblies of people. The Doctor spoke in the most glowing and strongest terms of th re sources, richness and value of this mineral wealth, of the volume of Deep River.aa also of the abundance of the coal iron, Ate, not forgetting to cast a sneer on old Dr. Mitchell and Chapel Hill. This lecture, taken in connection with the prevalent efforts and untiring zeal of Dr. S)enc McClTenahan, a delegate from Chatham iu the Legislature, and leading members of both Houses, who were interested in Inter nal Improvements, created new interest in the subject, which was, if possible, below par. The Raleigh and Gaston, and Wilmington fc Weldon Railroads werw "hard up," and were for the third or fourth time before the Legislature for pecuniary aid having, as it was thought and said by many, proven, as had all our previous efforts, a dead failure. To cause a still deeper and darker despondency to rest on the minds arid fill the hearts of all the members, the revenue of the State proved, as had been the case for several years.grcafly deficient to meet the current expenses. 1 well remember how the two roads mentioned, like most of the rail roads in other States that had failed, were abused by the Demagogues of thia State. It was a dark day for the old North State, never perhaps had any of her son seen a darker, for thousands" of her most active and energetic sons were sell ing out and emigrating to the North aud and Southwest. But fortunately for this Slate and for the cause of Internal Im provements within our borders, Dr. Wil liams' enthusiastic aud highly extravagant lectures and talks inspired new hopes in the breasts of many if not, all the leading members of the Legislature, which caused them to agree to hold Internal Improve ment meetings at least evety otiier night iu the Commons Hall, wheie all could l heard, w ith such other leading men of the St ate as might visitor bo invited to Kaleigh. And I think I can say, without the fear of contradiction, that there was never heard more eloquent and patriotic speak ing, and in favor of Internal Im provements in one place, in two months, than was heard in Raleigh iu the meeting of 18l8-'49. These efforts e 'dually caus ing an appropriation to i .prove Deep River, the chartering of the North Caro lina Railroad, the relaying or the Raleigh Gaston, and Wilmington .v. Raleigh Rail roads, chartering the Fayetfoville it Salis bury Plank road, and small appropriation to improve the Neuse and Tar Rivers, and chartering the Greensboro Jfc Mt. Airy and the Salisbury & Tarb ro Turnpike roads,and chartering the Lunatic and Deaf and Dumb Asylums at Kaleigh, aud the passage of the bill to tax so cut sureties, monies loaned, salaries, mat . iage licenses, with many other articles of personal prop erty. This was the first grand Legislature held in North Carolina, and the action taken by the Legislature of 1848-'49, es pecially the members of the Whig party, gave the cause of Internal Improvements an impetus that has not been brought to a stand still to the present time. And 1 may here add that Dr. Williams' lectured and specimens of coal and other minerals, and extravagant representations of the abundance and value of coal and other min erals on Deep River, had much to do with stirring up the latent patriotism of Legis lators, aud causing them to resolve to go forward and do or die, as the gallant and public spirited Whig from Boston earnestly advised them to do, and not longer to follow in the wake of all the ther States in the Union and be snevr ed at as the "Rip Van Winkle" of the South. D. F. Caldwelu A II LOW AT PROTECTION. Senator Vance Talks Strung Sense in Hallimorc. Extract from speech at the Merchant's a ml Manufacturer's Ha liquet. "The idea never occurred to me of selecting a bank that I could trust, but one that would trust me." laughter. After many witty allusions to the remark of Mr. Thompson and Mr. Butterworth, Senator Vance said: "I know of no law-, ful way to get rich. It is a way 1 loy' have sought. I do not mean that tty are any people in Baltimore wholncau ing to get rich by unlawful &--&rr country that there are some people if' will try to who always have and iilfflll give them obtain legislation w fyficrs. Selfishness an advantage ovules of this. The force and greed are thru has yielded to chicau of the old barrT love for the laborer aud cry, patrughter. All attempts to cramp fraud. A"ercourse have been nefarious, humfir beautiful stories of the great in Wse of wealth through our restrictive measures upon trade, shipbuilding, Ac All the advantages we possess came through the tariff, but they were paid for by the consumers of manufactures. If you can show me how three men can sit down to play a game of seven up and at the end one has won $10 and the other two havn't lost it, then 1 will give up tho argument. 1 have heard a story that the three Hebrew children in the fiery furnace, to pass away the time swapped knives and each made $1 .50 and had the best knife. That illustrates growing rich by protec tion. Laughter. I beg you all to return from the errors of the dark ages and ignorance, and come to the times of trade absolutely free except as far as the inter ests of the government are concerned. Worth KnowinK. Mr. W. II. Morgan, merchunt, Lake City, Fla., was taken with a severe Cold, attended with a distressing Cough and running iuto Consumption in its first stages. He tried many so-called popular cough remedies and steadily grew worue. Was reduced in flesh, had difficulty In breathing and was unable to sleep. Final ly tried Dr. Kiug's New Discortry for Consumption and found immediate relief, and after using about a half doaeu bottleB found himself well and has had no retura of the disease. No other remedy can shotf so grand a record of cures, as Dr. hang1 New Discovery for Consumption Guaran teed to do just what is claimed for it. Trial bottle free at Lee, Johnson it Co's, Drug Store.