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The State Chronicle
SUCCESSOR TO THE FARMER ANO MECHANIC AND WEEKLY CHBOISTCLE. The biaie Chronicle PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORRIRQ IT TT' A SOUTHERN FAMILY NEWSPAPER FOR TOWN AM) COUNTRY, DEVOTED TO THE WELFARE OF NORTH CAROLINA, AND THE SOUTH. Sabacriptiou Prlce-Payahle Strictly Jn Advance fi.OO per Year; I.(iO w b;i Months; 50 Centafor Three Mooch- CONSOLIDATED JULY !, 1885. VOL. XVIII. RALEIGH, X. C, FRIDAY, MARCH 10, 1SS8. XO. . IHl" HBlXli TILE CYNIC. MU. III VCKltl K i(tiu: TMIV A .! i t'll ft. ill Sl'lTI'lUIl lX(i.LLS. Nc(i:ltor I' I'ropeil y ;-itls vVaiitonlv .,1 All llecent JCeb uketl. Ni.-i.mlers I ho lc!i, and is I' has come to be unbe arable. It is a i'. : g : t t t hau was cause I by the l.-vust.i?i-!i of battle. Smc-o the war the s nth hn, in its dire poverty, unermp'ain paid high taxes to pension Federal .-.;iu-rs. (iuu. Bradley Johnson says that when we reckon the amount paid by the S .nth in pen.dnns $21)0.000.000 since 1805 -and take into account the fact th.it the climated loss of property to the South by th war was six billions of dollars consist -rig of wreckage of every kind, it must be lO.beded that no such tribute has ever i. ei; ex icted by a conquerer except i 1 one or two notable instances. in 1SST the South paid for pensions of Federal soldiers 120,717.042.00. In that year N'oith Carolina paid s-2.015.0-0.00 or fcl.-'J per capita. By ieferenee to the Auditor's Report for the fiscal year ending November 30th, 1S87, we find that the expenditures tor the ordinary expenses of government m North Carolina amounted to $M.j6,590.36. If cost the tax-payers of North Carolina more than three times as much to pay pensions to Federal soldiers as to pay the expenses of our State Gov ernment. They say the South is poor. It is true, but with this heavy taxation pen-ions and the other burdens of Fed e-al tax iiioii. the wonder is thai v.or outh great is not entirely borne under hv us we tru rht or taxation. , pay as much The North does, it i- tax for pension-? pro- portiotiately as the South, but ad the money is returned to the North. None or next to noue of it comes South. In l-s7 there were paid in North Carolina in pensions for those, w ho served in the Mexi- m aud other wars less than thirty thou sand dollars. We were taxed upwards of two million dollars for pensions. These are facts that are indisputable. Staggering under this burden, the South has not been heard to complain. It has taken this as it has been compelled to take nTlirr b id medicine as one of the inevit ;'..;. results of the war, believing that this taxation would decrease every year. This was a natural expectation. Many of the Federal soldiers who needed pensions five years ago have been gathered to their fathers, and "are not." But, though dead, their pensions, like John Brown's body, apparently are sure ti "go on for ever." Tl-.e Republican party, in its des peration, has secured the passage of a bill through the Senate greatly increasing the amount paid for pensions, and r-euaior Ingalls, the leader of that party, says that 'this pension business" shall not stop un til every man, however rich, who served in tit.; Federal army is given a pension. io it to be expected that the South will go ou paying this tax without complaint? Ought the Southern tax-payers and the Northern tax-payers be inflicted with year ly increasing taxation to pension men who need no aidr 'Can such thiii-rs be, and overcome us like a summer's cloud And not excite our special wonder?" Oar Southern Senators have been silent twenty years. Upon the proposition of senator Plumb to increase the already large amount given in pensions, longer silence could not be expected. Justice to a tax-burdened constituency demanded that Southern Senators protest against an increase of the already too large tax for coldiers. Senator Vest, speaking for his own aud every other Southern State,made au unanswerable argument against a fur ther increase. To this argument Senator Ingalls, Presi dent pro tern of the Senate, leaving the chair, replied. His speech is the rectified essence of gall. It is the acme of hate. It is brutality incarnate. Diabolical, mean and unworthy of a Senator of the United States, it marks him as first among the army of Radical bloody shirt wavers and South haters. He has made himself the leader of those of the Union army who have become a mob cf sordid mecenaries organized for plundering the Treasury for personal aggrandizement. The New York Times says that Senator Ingalls is "a bad tempered, fool-mouthed person whose rhetoric is the cheapest." Worse than that, he has advertised himself as tne foremost of the traducers of the President and shown himself incapable of appre ciation of an honest and patriotic Chief Magistrate who does not belong to his T...liticd nartr. In the very commence meat of his spcecn, he used these wonts: The nomination aud election of Grover Cleveland have made the pretensions of any American citizen to the Presidency respectable. There is no man in this coun try w hose ignorance is so profound, w hose ob.-curity is so impenetrable, and whose antecedents are so degraded that he may not justifiably aspire to a Presidential nomination by tne Democratic party. This, coming after his letter in com mendation of the President written two years ago, not only evidences the concen trated gall ia the man, but also his gross inconsistency. Thete is no doubt that tne publication of his letter, in which he gave a just estimate of Mr. Cleveland, had something to do with the violent partizau ship of his speech. That Utter put him before the country as a fair-minded man, and ho lost caste with the bitter partisans. In order to reinstate himself with the Tuttlji-s and Forakers and other such cat tle of his party, Mr. Iugails becomes the most brutal and most mendacious of the tradueers and villitiers of the President. He spread his net to catch the bloody suiiters of his party. He succeeded in bis attempt, but ia that success he lost the respect of the conservative, thinking, patriotic men of the Union, as the expres sion of the leading great journals of the North shows. Aa giving his estimate of Ingalls, a prominent North Carolinian who served several terms in Cougress, relates this incident: During the recess of Cougress, some years ago, Mr. Ingalls delivered an address at the unveiling of a monument to John Brown. He sent a copy of his speech to every member of Congress. It was without doubt an address of literary excellence. When Congress reassembled, Mr 1 n galls asked a Southern Senator what he thought of his address. I think," was the response, "that it contained some of the meanest things 1 ever read." "O, well," sail Ingalls "you know that we have ro make our wares suit our cus tomers." No matter what is right and just, if his constituents want Mr. ingalls to abuse the South and villify the President, Mr. Ingalls -.sill do it. "We have to make our wares suit our customers" is his motto. It is the motto of all men who prefer power to principle. The Chronicle beliews that extracts from his speech ought to be read by every Southern man. We make the following extracts, which are the gist of the speech: Nor, sir, do I allude to this matter rep resentation in the Confederate Senate in any disparagement to the Senator from Missouri any more than I do to the same fact in the history of the Senator from Kentucky Mr. Blackburn who sits now be fore me." and who with a great deal of profusion of speech rose and denounced the "superloyatty" of the Grand Army of the Republic, criticising them as a horde of beggars thrusting their demands into the Senate. I do not speak in derogation either of the honor or the courage or the inttvrrity of that Senator. I allude to it as a matter of history only, and for the purpose of showing, so far as I may, that in their devotion to the Southern Confed eracy the Senator from Kentucky and the Senator from Missouri can not be suspected of insincerity. No flag of State allegiance summoned them to cast their fortunes with the South. No phantom of State sovereignty allured them, as it did so many others, into that terrible catastrophe. No, "sir: they went because they wanted to go. Tla-v went because they believed that slavery was better than liberty: because they believed that secession was better than union; In-eause they be lieved the stars and bars were more worthy of a patriot's allegiance than the Stars and Stripe-:; because they believed that Jeffer son Davis was more entitled to respect and confidence that Abraham Lincoln. They went South, they allied their for tunes with the Confederacy because they preferred to do so, and their sincerity can not be suspected. When the Senrtor from Missouri alludes to the efforts which are being made by the Republicans in this body to afford pensions to the dependent, indigent, and suffering survivors'of the Union armies now enroll ed in the Grand Army of the Republic as an attempt by candidates for the Presi dency to bid for the soldier vote, the Sen ator from Kentucky will pardon me when I say that I have no doubt speeches like thos'e which he made, and which the Sen ior from Missouri repeated, were intended to bid for the Confederate vote; and they will get it every time. It is a center shot. Appeals like that strike the bull's-eye and ring the Ijell. 1 have uever heard. Mr. President, dur- ..... iV. . - T l....- 1. r. i ,t in"' tne utteen years imo. i uiic utcu in th?s body, auy repudiation of sentiments like those avowed by tne senator irom Missouri and the Senator from Kentucky from any quarter in the Democratic party. Time and time again have i neara tnose same sentiments reiterated and repeated here. If thev were obnoxious to any sentiment of "the Southern States, why should we not have heard some disavowal of them? Why are they repeated here iterum iterumque, ad nauseam, until the heart of the patriotic North rises in indig nation, aud never a word of protest spoken by any Democratic Senator North or South. No, Mr. President, they know the sentiments, they know the convictions, they know the emotions of the people be hind them, and that is the reason for their utterances. Why was it that when the last appoint ed associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, who by one of the strange caprices of history now sits in judgment upon those great constitutional amendments that were adopted and agreed to against his protest and his efforts, rose in this Chamber and said that he would resent as a personal affront any imputa tion upon the honor, the integrity, or the patriotism of Jefferson Davis as a personal insult to himself why was it that when he said he had no doubt Jefferson Davis would occupy a niche in history b the sid of John Hampden and George Wash ington, no Democratic Senator, North or South, rose to repudiate ana disavow u Yet the moment that any Republican Sen u,r or anv editor of any Northern news paper or any organ of the Grand Army of the Republic talks about the Union Army, the grandeur of its achievements, the obli gations and duties of the nation toward its members, we are charged with waving the ensanguined undergarment, raking up the ashes of sectional strife, and appealing to partisan hatred and wrong and malice. It is time that the twenty-four Confed erates who constitute twenty-four thirty-s.-venths of the Democratic members of the Senate should understand how the people of the North feel about these mat ters. The South do not like the Union soldiers. The Democratic party do not like them; they never did. So it is now, after the animosities of the war should have died away, and upon every conceivable occa sion when we attempt to enlarge the pen sion system or liberalize its provisions Senators rise here one after the other and peevishly complain that it is going to cost too much. Mr. Morgan. If the Senator wdl allow me just a moment I w ill say that the Lh m ovratic parly liked General Hancock very well, and voted for him. Mr. Ingalls.. They did, as they arc go ing to vote for again, Grover Cleveland, under compulsion. They thought they rrmld fool the Northern people by voting for a Union soldier, but they did not. We understand very well what the voting for General Hancock meant. It was just the siir-io as votintr for Horace Greely. iou have been engaged in illicit intercourse with all the degraded elements of the North for the last tweuty-nve years. Horace Greeley! The Democratic party attpmntina to delude the JNortn oy norm uating and voting for Horace Greeley to show that they were reconstructed, tnat they would fain fill their bellies with the husks that the swine did eat, and they could not; and then the Senator from Ala bama rises and assures us- with a suffusion of patriotic loyalty that they voted for Hancock. Why, Mr. President, we un derstand why they voted for HaLCOck. We knowr why Hancock was nominated. We know why that other ally of the Con federacy, (ieorge B. McClellan, was nomi nated, who had just declared that the war was a failure after he had been trying for two years to make it so. No, Mr. Presi dent, these pretensions are altogether too diaphanous. They require to have the drapery removed for an instant. If cur friends who are opposing this de pendent pension bill imagine that I enter tain any feelings of ill-will or malevolence toward them for the course they pursue, they are mistaken. I do not very well understand how they can act in any other way. I have sometimes thought with curious reflection what my emotion would have been had the result of the conflict been reversed; if the armiesof the C onfederacy had dictated terms of peace in this capital, if the Georgia statesman had fulfilled his insolent menace to call the roll of his slaves in the shadow of Bunker Hill, and if the flag that now floats above us had been a dishonored aud a degraded rag; if this Chamber had been spoliated and sacked as you tried to spoliate and sack it, if this country had been destroyed aud overthrown as you tried to destroy and overthrow it, f the Constitution of the United States had be come an antiquated relic and American citizenship a forgotten, attribute, if slav ery had been declared to be right and liberty wrong, and if the theories of Cal houn and of Jefferson Davis had been de clared to be the true measure of interpre tation of the Constitution. Mr. President, such calamities were imminent often during the war. From the place where we now sit the challenge of the sentinel upon the hills of Virginia could almost have been heard and the reverberation of your guns thundered hoarsely along the valley of the Potomac. I have ofteu reflected how 1 should have felt if these results had been accomplished; had my political sins been forgiven; had I come back and said, Remove my politi cal disabilities; allow me to eu'er your legislative body and draw my salary punc tually aud with dispatch." Had I seen the Confederate heroes Ih bronze mount ing their granite pedestals in this capital, Lee instead of Grant, Davis instead of (iartield, Stonewall Jackson instead of McPhersou, I do r.ot believe that I should have had any consolation in voting pen sions to Confederate soldiers myself. I doubt whether I should ever have ceased to be a consi nator: 1 doubt whetner in some hidden and secluded receptacle, at least in the sanctuary of my soul, 1 had not kept the Stars aud Stripes enshrined and hoped that the day might a-iain dawn when it should be the symbol of the glory and the emblem of t lie power of a united country. I doubt whether I ever should have believed that slavery was better thau liberty. But, Mr. President, I should have re garded it as the climax of effrontery, as the very apex and summit of hardihood and audacity, I will not say pusillanimity and dishonor, when I had accepted a par don, had my disabilities removed, and taken the oath of allegiance to the success ful Southern Confederacy, if I had ap peared day after day upon every occasion when opportunity offered to denounce the efforts made by my conquerors to reward their own soldiers, and to haggle about the price that the victors should see lit to bestow upon tne men by wiiom I was van quished. Therefore, Mr. President, I say again, without personal imputation or inference, to those who are under one pretext and another attempting to convince the North thnt they can safely and patriotically vote the Democratic ticket and elect Democratic Presidents, although 153 votes in theelec toral college are in those States saturated with these sentiments, I do not think that the North is at all deluded by such pre tentious. It is a little singular, Mr. President, that in all the years which have elapsed since the war there never has comer from one of the States that were m rebellion a single Unionist, so f;:r a I know, elected by Democratic votes to either House of Congress, not even by an accident. This is not the truth. Editor. They never have blundered into sending here a man who was not in the Confederate ser vice in some capacity or other; nor, so far as I know, has any Governor cf any one of the Confederate States since the war ever been a Unionist. The supreme test that is applied is the test of service to the Confederacy. When I look over the roll of this body and over the roll of the other House of Congress and reflect how few of those who served in the Union aimies are found in the councils of the nation, I am not surprised that we have witnessed the demonstrations that we have heard and seen upon this bill and every similar bill that is presented for action either in the Senate or House of Representatives. The Senator from Missouri, in the course of the debate last Wednesday, as an illus tration of the magnanimity of the South, assured us that of the S83,000,000 of pensions that had been paid $.240, 000, 000 had been contributed by the South; and the Senator from South Carolina Mr. Hampton, who evideutly is a more accu rate arithmetician, arose and said, not 240,000,O0O but '200,000,000. I wish that Senator, as ne is now present, would tell us by w hat method of computation he has reached the conclusion that out of ssjs;i.(iijo.O0 paid for pensions the South has paid .io:o, 000,000. Mr. President, that is a glittering gen erality. I doubt if they have actually paid $e!R,000, instead of $290,00J,0OO. 1 should like if some eminent arithmetician would get out his table of logarithms, which is the usual practice on tnese occa sions, and tell us how it appears that the South has paid $290,000,000 since the war closed out of the $883,000,000 tnat have been paid as the sum-total evidencing the nation's gratitude to its surviving soldiers. Even if they have paid $290,000,000, I have one tingle remark to make about that. They are very fortunate that they did not have to pay the whole of it, and, instead of grumbling and complaining that they have paid $290,000,000, they ought to be thankful they did not have to foot the entire bid, as Germany made France foot the expenses ol the Franco Prussian war, and as every other van quished and rebellious province has been compelled to submit to exaction and ran som. Yet after the war has long since closed we have the jailors and murderers of Andersonville, Belle Isle, and Libby Ptison sitting here beneath the 11 ig that they eudeavored to dishonor, legislating for the country that they attempted to destroy, and trying to pinch, be-little, and minimize the amount that we shall pay to the mutilated and disabled survivors of the heli of that incarceration. The Senator from Missouri rises in a burst of indignant impatience and wants to know when all this is going to end. He says he has gone thus far, but he shall go no further; that he was coerced by the necessities of his position becauso he was a Confederate, of which I do not see the logic. He says that he was coerced by the logic of his position to vote, as we are bound to assume, for dishone.-t and un justifiable pen-;ons because he was a Con federate, but. t :at, God helping him, ho is going no further. He is going to resist the claims of these organized robbers and plun derers who have banded together for the purpose of depleting the Treasury, and they shall have no single farthing moie. I will tell that Senator and every other Democratic Senator, whether they like it or not, what we intend to do. I will tell the Senator from Missouri and the rest of his associates just where it is to stop It is going to slop when the arrears of pen sion are paid, when the limitation is re moved, and every soldier upon the rolls, or who hereafter gets on the rolls, is paid from the day of his disability, r-r his sur vivors from the day of his deaiii.au ! w hen every surviving soldk r of the Uni"ii a n.i- s is put on t!e rolls for service nly. ' is when it is going to s op. and if u do not like it, make the mo t of it. Are we at last, says the Senator I. -in Missouri, to have a Service-pens m bid? Nothing, he said, will content the sol;!.- is and their allies but a service-pension bid. and are we to have that? Yes, Mr. IV -i den!, you are to have that! Such were his words. We urge cv. rv reader of the Chronicle to re read i hem j and show them to his neighbor. After reading such expressions of hatred and ! malice, uttered by the leader of Iiep-ibli j canism, can any self-respecting Sou in i n man support that party? We think nor. j But Mr. Ingalls' gall was not a!! owe 1 to j pass unanswered. The South had a t ham- ! pion, ready to meet the Goliath of IL-idi- j calism. Taking out his smooth stone from j the clear stream, the Southern David dealt I a blow which discomfit ted tie giant. Set: ator Blackburn, of Kentucky, --great and ; brainy man replied to the speech. We , quote from his speech (let every Ones- j kle reader cut it out and preserve it; : j Mr. Blackburn. Mr. Pre.-id' nt. i am at j a loss to account for the course that the I Senator from Kansas Mr. IngalKl basse, n ! tit to adopt in lugging me into ihe frad; : in which he has just indulged, for i ara ; sure that I had never ma le boast of ;den- i tification with any military service in my j life. I had never referred to the bu-t of j having been a Confederate s 1 Per. U like the Senator from Kansas. I thought my military record was too modes! and too ' humble to prove a subject of mtetes' to the galleries that have assembled to list' n to his political harangue. j I did not need to be told bv him that I i stood here a representative trm a State that had never secedeu from ti;e Laion. 1 did not need to be reminded that Kentucky had always been loyal. I knew then, as he should know now, that I represent a constituency that are ntitled o draw more pensions than the State so ably rep resented by the Senator who has just pre ceded me. The records of this country. I believe, show that the State of Kentucky furnished three men to the Union Army for every one that Kansas r.ir:;i-h and in passing I may assure the Senator that it is not without pride that 1 recall the fact that of the thirty-odd States then in this Union the one from which, i came :. the only one that, without the application of a conscript law, furnished more than her quota of men to loth sides during that struggle. Now, why he should travel out of his wav to have made an onslaught timii tne I do not know. I de not understand that I was a necessary text for his ..peecdi cf acceptance of the Presidential nomination of w hich he complained. 1 shall not un dertake to answer for the Senator from Missouri Mr. Vest. The Senator from Kansas doubtless knew that illness in his family had taken him a long distance from this city, and that he is to be absent for some time on that .account. I do not intend to be involved in any controversy with the Senator fro?n Kan sas, but I do intend to protest against the lack of fairness which he employs when he undertakes to deal after such a fashion with men who have but simply stated f acts and submitted data for the consideration of the Senate upon a bill that is pending. When the Seuator from Kansas under takes to speak of the Chief Executive of this country in the terms that he has seen tit to employ ia a deliberately prepared and conned effort, Le surely will, not take issue with me if I conclude that it is not entitled to response or reply in this or any other decent presence.- What came, of grievance he has that warrants l.ini in employing language that would not b permissible upon the hustings- I will not say it would be disgraceful even if cm ployed by nsn-womeu out wiien ne un dertakes to denounce the Chief Ex'.cutive of the United States after such a fashion as to deliberately declare that no man is afflicted with antecedents so degraded, or ignorance so profound, or obscurity so un fathomable as to preclude him from be coming that man's successor, it does seem to me that the dignity of the Senat e Clr. ru ber refuses permission for response. I am not here to defend the President from such unwarranted attack--. 1 ktio-.v but one sin that he has committed in the eyes of the Senator from Kansas, and th .t may be the unpardonable offense of not only having defeated his party at the polls but. having given to the American people for three years past so efficient, so honest, so clean-handed an administration as to doom the last of that party's aspirations to di aster. If it b ; possible, the senator from Kan sas has goue further and done worse. In his intemperate zeal he has not hesitated to invade graves. In bis frantic efforts to stir prejudice between sections that have already been reunited he goes into the trenches of the soldiery, and not o. my side but on his side, and drags up for abuse and vilification before the Am.'1 iean Senate such men as traced with their own unblemished swords in blood the brightest pages of American history. McClellan and Hancock are to be denounced upon this floor as allies of Confederates. Might it, not have been in tetter taste, more credi table, at least, to the courage and to the candor of lhat Senator, if he had made that charge be- ore both of these men were dead? Mr. Ingalls. I did, often. Mr. Blackburn. Then so much the worse for the Seuator from Kansas. What war rant or ground had he for that, except that they were both different from him self, at least in political faith, if we may not hope in many other regards? Hancock an ally of the Confederates! Wa3 he so regarded and believed wheu, weltering in his blood upon Cemetery Heights, ho refused to be taken from the field, and yet persisted in giving orders to check the last advance of Longstreet's ir resistible veterans? Was it this man who was honored up to the very day that he i accepted the nomination at the hands of the Democratic party, honored alike by the American people, whether they were Republicans or Democrats? Be travels on to berate the Commission er of Pensions, and he speaks in terms cer tainly as little complimentary, if he does not, as in the other two cases, impeach his loyalty. Mr. President, that crippled and maimed Commissioner of Pensions, h.m self a general in the Federal Army from 101 to 18(55, would hesitate to have the contrast or comparison, as he may term it, drawn between himself and the Senator from Kansas. Whilst he was earning his military reputation when the flair was fly ing upon the borders of the Senator's own State, aud bleeding upon every battle-field upon which he went, what great service was the Senator from Kau-as rendering? Now', in looking over the short but con spicuously br :!li-.it. autobiography of the Senator from Kansas. 1 find that he was not in the Army in 16(31. He surely was not ia the army in 18G2, i '"' c :n-e he says that he was in the State senate of Jans.:s. "a member of the State j Sep. -ne of Kansas from Atchison county in 1 t s02." But he won!, I have us believe that . he was in the army from 1S63 to lSt5. ! 'Tis not true. He never was in the Federal Army. Why, to have sat and listened to the Seuator one would have imagined that he was controlling the great armies that were operating in the West at least, if not ni the East. I saw the bronzed and weather-beaten lominanderof the American 'runes he feftedto General Sheridan sit there ia that chair and blush in modesty it the humble part that he found that he ead played in the war of the rebellion; i nd what w;is the Senator from Kansas d inn whilst he was earning his reputa 1.011! What w.is his occupation in a mili tary capacity? lie tells you himself lhat he was judge advocate to Kansas mili tia volunteers." Whilst Black was bleed ing ou Kansas soil, w hilst McClellan was ommanding the armiesof the Potomac, w hilst H iT .- ic.k was weltering in his blood upon Ce.ii!. it i Heights at Gettysburg!!, i ne Senator fn.m Kansas, away behind in i he rear of the Army, was prosecuting Kansas jayhawkers for robbing hen-roosts! ; G teat laughter. ' Mr. President, what ate we to think of ! he recklessness of a Senator w ho w ill icae that P:ace now occupied bv vourseif ! ,'iid eoue- p. the floor in the illustration of a partisan .eai lhat I am glad to .-ay I have .ever se ti 'u'ia!ied, to attack everv body, ad decent people, from the President of the t'uitel Stat-s down, civilians and military m.-n. living and de;.d. No object -. t:i b.- fou:.d that scapes the ver.otu of his t..-!)uue-a cynic, one would say. de spising ma..k.nd because perhaps he has a .-uspicion that mankind is not enamored with him: malignant even toward himself; and there doubtless are tom-.j who would igit.-e that lie has cause; but neither Presi dent nor soldier, living nor dead, Confed erate nor Federal, unless he accords with him in political conviction, is safe from his unwarranted, unjust, and un!.un led attacks. I do not want to be put in the position of an opponent or an enemy totheptn sionibg of ho;. est Federal soldiers. I have never opposed the pensioning, whether by private act or public act, of any man that ever bore service in the Union Army and was incapacitated to support himself c.:t her by disease or by wounds contra; ud in that service. And I do not know the Confed erate that ever did, and 1 trust that none ever will. I do not care to follow the Senator, for time forbids, through ad the inaccuracies of his uttt ranees, but this much I do pro pose to say before I close. Mr. President, party man a.5 I am, partisan a- I confess myself to be, I do sincerely tmt that I may never find my term of public service prolonged to that day, nor my hie extend ed to that, hour when, without warrant, without fact to support me, without proof at my back, I shall deliberately traduce and abuse the dead who whilst living were honored by all honorable men. Applause in the italic ries.T "They say," that while Senator lil ick burn was thus excoriating the uansas Siuth-hater, our own Vance (God bless him!) sat by evidencing hisgreat pleasure, and calling to Senator Blackburn, in un dertone, "Hit 'em again." Upvm the vote, of course, the proposition to increa-e the pensions passe I the Senate, Senators R in som and Vance both being regisistered agaiust it. Senator Vance voted "No,i: and Senator Ransom was paired with a Republican Senator which was the same thing as voting "No." By reference to our Washington letter it will be seen that the Ingalis speech was not received with favor by the Loyal Le gion of Washington, which refused mem bership to Senator Ingalls. Nor was it received with universal favor by the Grand Army of the Republic. The Geu. Robt. Pattison Post, No. 2TU, G. A. It., of Phi'a delphia, adopted the following preamble and resoluti : Whereas, a bill is now pending in the I nited States Senate called the dependent pension bill, and tho.:gh this poat feels thankful to a gratei'ui country i'.r its re membrance of the services of her soldiers, yet, we leain with regret that the memory of loyal and brave veterans has been pub licly insulted in the. National Ce.ng:;s.s in order to advance the measure in question: therefore be it Rksolvko, That '.he thanks of this post are tendered to Set.aior Blackburn, of Kentucky, for so ably defending the mem ory of those tried and true patriots, Gen erals George B McClellan and Winfield S. Hancock It was ordered that copies of the above be scat to Senator Blackburn. . ....The Durham Recorder tells a sad story of t he elopement of a good looking young woruau by name Miss Hattie Jor dan v, ltn a good-tor -potrnng renew nam ed Jim Tingen. He carried her through a the. ching rain to Koxhoro where they were icarjic-d. Theu he took her to South Boat or i. and after several days deserted her, with their board bib' unpaid. She returned to Durham and has since been partially delirious, s-ying she would get a pistol and kill lii.n. Saturday night she attempted to commit suicide by taking laudanum, but was forcibly prevented. It is as sad a case as we have read of. Lynch ing is too good for the vile rascal. James Thomas, of Henderson coun ty, was brought to the penitentiary this week. He was convicted of murder, aud the Governor commuted hia sentence to life imprisonment. - ....Mr. John Howard has instituted suit against the Register of Deeds of Le noir county for issuiug license for the marriage of his daughter who is a minor. WOMEN AM) WEATHER. WOJIK.V ASSOCI ITfi WITH AL1, ;I.OF WKTI1EK. The T ather Very Changeable-- re the Voui.n Equally So? A Mrcct C'iir In cidel illustrating Southern Chivalry. 1 pecial Cor Static CnnoxioLi.. Boston, Mass.. March 8, 1888. There are more women in Boston to the square inch than in any city in America. There is likewise a large quantity of weather to be found here at this season of the year. The weather is a very chang able sort of weather too, and I should judge, if there is anything in the law of association. Boston girls would be very sensibly affected by this fact, for they certainly associate with all sorts of weather with the utmost im punity. 1 saw an illustration in a comic paper, the other day, in which the State of Masl sachusetts was impersonated by an ancient dried-up, paper-curled, lantern jawed heinous looking old maid. Its a mistake. Those sort of girls don't grow here. They get old, for time will roll ou up here as well as anywhere, but they know how to rob time of his victories. No matter how old they get they don't look old, or with ered. They have mastered the secrets of perpetual youth I have never seen any thing like it before. I have met married ladies here whose eyes I placed at from twenty-five to thirty, and have had them turn around before the smile of greeting could fade from my face and introduce me to a son twenty-five years old who was crawling or walking before I was lorn. And then by subsequent careful inquiries, when I did learn their true age, 1 could hardly believe it possible that I could make so great a mistake as to take a woman from fifty-five to sixty years old ro be less than tnirty. And, the old maids! they re main green and flourishing to an almost incredible period! Boston girls are not long-necked, pale faced creatures who are continuously rea soning on the whereforeness of the thus ness and occasionally fainting away in delicate hysterics. They are round, rosy cheeked, healthy, strong. They can walk through eight or ten inches of snow against a hurricane blowing live degrees below zero with an ease and grace that would make .a strong Southern man shiver and turn bine to look at, and wonder what on earth they are made of anyhow. Balti- l more is fain .us for its beautiful girls, but ! I've seen as ma ny here as there, it seems ! to rve. The only trouble is you can't tell j a servant girl from an heiress. Two beau j t if ul gir i- stepped into a ear t e other day in which 1 was riding. They atfrac'cd the undivided attention of the male travel lers. They were dressed modestly but in the height of style. But alas, I recogniz ed them and the romantic wonder about their lives was dispelled for tne. They were waiters at the Norfolk House. One of theni I remembered as having had charge of the table next to mine when stopping there last P all. Ah, how these women work! Thousands upon thousands of them are now thronging the various lines of commerce in the fight for bread many of thjin so poorly paid the wonder is after all that more do not fall than actually are wrecked. I fear I'm fast becoming an orthodox Yankee on sonic points upon which "South ern Chivalry'' would still make nice dis tinctions. For instance I've about aban doned giving up my seat in a car to my feminine fellow citizens. By the time a fellow stands up every trip he takes for a month, he begins to feel like he would en joy the novelty of sitting down for a trip or two, epp?.-;.al!y whoa you find nobody ever troubles themselves to offer your wife a scat, or ever thanks you for giving up your own. Now and then a lady will say Thank vou," but generally they look sur prised, and sit down without ever glancing toward the annimal who vacates, as the following incident shows: "A handsomely-dresrittfl young woman entered a crowded street car. A long whiskered old fellow, wearing a dingy slouch fiat and asuitof homespun clothes, got up and said: "liss, take my seat. I don t look as well as tnese here gentle men" nodding at several men "but I've diskivered I hat. I've got more politeness.' The young woman sat down without thank ing tne oM fellow. "Miss," said the old f. How with a smile, "1 bTeve I left mv pocketbook thar on that seat. Will vou please get up?" The young woman got up. The old fellow sat down, and, stroking his whiskers, remarked: "BTeve I'll jest keep on scttin here Miss. I've got a leetie more politeness than these here gentlemen, but I have diskivered that I ain't got nigh so much sense. ' That's about the sum of it too. The women only ask to be treated equals and insist on it and men are beginning to take them at thuir word that is so far as re tards woman in the abstract, or one with whom you are not acquainted. But I am about to forget the other part of my subject the weather. The weather is one of the staple products of this coun try, it iuruislies employment to thou sands of merchants, manufacturers, job bers, retailers, dealers in furs, rubber goods, snow shovels, sleighs, &c, besides being a rich boon to the small boy who ; shovels snow, aixl the ice man who har vests the iee, and lies about the crop being bad all the time in order to have a basis on which he can run up the price next Sum mer. It snows frequently snows easily as thonsrh it were used to it. Sun shines in the morning, it clouds up in an hour or two ami goes to snowing as though it had been preparing for it a year. And then about the time you get your side walk cleaned off it snows again. In fact cleaning off side walks is a great industry here in which every householder is inter ested the city ordinance requires every man to clean before his own door. By the way, I glance out my window and see that it has begun to snow since 1 began this letter though the sun was shiniug beauti fully a short while ago. Iam surprised to find the weather so very changeable here. One day the ther mometer tips zero and the next your heavy overcoat will feel burdensome. They tell me this has been a very severe vviuter,and if so, the reports of the extreme cold up here was to my mind much exaggerated. I have not suffered very more with cold here than in North Carolina but of course every one is better prepared for it in Bos ton. The Hub is the city of sleighs as well as the city of culture. For long periods in mid winter every thing that a liorse pulis i on runners ex cept the street cars. Drays, ambulances, carriages, hearses, grocery wagons, coal carts and all lay aside their wheels wheu the snow comes in earnest, and put on their runners. And every man who keeps a horse, also keeps a regular sleigh, as well as buggy or carriage and when the snow is well racked dow n sleigh-riding is the favorite sport. I have seen on a single afternoon out on the Brighton and Arse nal roads at least ten thousand sleighs filled with jolly folks enjoying themselves. Sleighs of all sorts and sizes. One horse, two horse and four horse turn outs rigged up in fantastic Russian styles, which, with the fine blooded horses, made a scene of wonderful life and beautv. A great many fine looking horses I noticed with a pecu liar mouse color and hair as fine and soft velvet. I asked where so many fine looking mouse colored horses came from- and was informed they were ordinary norses tuat had been shaved shaved lrom head to foot. There are bigestablishnients in the city that follow the trade of shav ing horses scientifically. This was news to me. They don't do it with an ordinary razor, but with a little machine run bv team something on the principle of the loutist's drill. The foot gear of a Bostou- lan is something ponderous made for weather the big arctic overshoe is the standard worn the whole season through. 1 tiese i ankees can make some wonderfully hue oistmctions in trading. I wanted a chicken the other day and the man gave me prices: "Iwenty cents a pound for chicken twelve and a half for fowl." Well, "I said, "what is a chicken if it isu t a fowl? What is a fowl anvhow;" "Why, sir, a fowl is a chicken over a vear old, and a chicken is always under a vear in age." Fine point isn't it? Thomas Dixon, Jr. DANIEL, U. KOWLE, The People's Choice (or (invcrnoi of orth Ctiioliua. special Cor. State Ciiromclk. Farmville, Pitt Co., n. t Mar. 12. The people iu this section want to see Judge J?owle nominated for Governor. They look upon him as the strongest aud safest man the party could put forward, with the possible exception of Vance. The Repub licans say they would rather seethe Demo crats nominate any other man thau Fow le. We do not doubt the sincerity of such a declaration, for Fowle could meet their best and ablest man and hold the Democ racy of the State solid and united in sup port of the Democratic ticket. This much can not be said with certainty as to other candidates mentioned. The masses of the people would feive Fow le an active and enthusiastic support. Under his powerful and brilliant leadership we would see every Democrat doing his duty, and in Novem ber jjext great would be the rejoicing over the splendid victory won. The people know him. They regard him as a true. honest and able man, and would delight to honor him by their votes. I,et the peo ple, the masses, speak their choice, anil t-owle wnl be the man to lead us m the coming contest. It is believed that he has not been fairly treated bv the Democratic part v. The people talk it, and say that some of the noss leaders, professional politicians, t hose perhaps "well schooled in the crook ed pohey and quirks of State," have more than once defeated his just claims in the face ot a popular sentiment in his favor. The people think for themselves and they are not as blind as some may flunk. They can see a little farther than to the end of their nose. But Fowle, a true, tried and steadfast Democrat as he is, has never "sulked in his tent. He has ever responded to the call of his party and done it great and valuable service. . ver since lsi'O he has been the most meritorious and deserving man in the Democratic party, and is now our most available man fur Governor. Nominate him and the success of De- ocracy is assured beyond the possibility of a doubt. A Fowle Democrat. political ;ossn. We seethe name of Hon. Daniel G. Fowle mentioned very often as the Demo cratic nominee for Governor. North Caro lina owes much of its success in the past to this distinguished gentleman. For our selves we have always been very "fowle."' Hills boro Recorder. Gen. Phil Sheridan, w hos name has been used in connection with the nomi nation for the Presidency by the Republi cans, said to a friend: "I have led foriorn hopes enough in the army. I do not feel like being pushed ahead to lead the forlorn hope of a political party." Judge James E. Shepherd enjoys the confidence and esteem of the people of the State to au unusually large degree. We note with pleasure the frequency and per sistency with which he is mentioned for a seat ou the Supremo Court Bench. There is no better judge on the bench, and we believe our people will nominate him. Wilson Advance. The friends of Capt. W. A. Darden propose again submitting his name to tiie Democratic State Convention as the man to nominate for State Auditor. Capt. Darden is a man whom the people would delight to honor, lie. is a capable faith ful man, a good speaker and au unflinch ing Democratic. The Democratic party could not do better than nominate Capt. W. A. Darden for Auditor. Wilson Ad vance. We learn that from his Southern eyre Gov. Jarvis has written a letter to one of our distinguished citizens asking him, in view of his extensive acquaintance in the State, what would be his prospects for de feating Gen. Ransom for the Liu ted States Senate. We also learn that a reply has been sent, and the Governor advised that as he already holds a good fat position, at a salary of $12,000 a year, in the opinion of the writer, the Governor had better remain at his present post for the next few years. -Washington Progress. The Edenton Enquirer pays Lieuten ant Governor Charles M. Stcdman a just tribute in its declaration that ho proved himself a most formidable canvasser in the campaign of lsS4. It says his tour through the Jasteru portion ot the State impressed all who heard him with au ap preciation of his ability and magnetism; and ventures the assertion that if the con vention commits to his hands the Demo cratic banner he will carry it safely through the coming struggle. Scedinau's canvass in the West made him a host of friends. nd placed him in the front rank of avail ble gubernatorial candidates. Asheville able Sun ....The State Sunday School Conven tion will be held at Edenton St. M. E. Church. Raleigh, March 21st, 22nd and 23rd. Parties willing to entertain dele gates will please report to Mr. V. J. Young. Mr. V. S. Primrose will deliver the address of welcome to the visitors, and Rev. C W. Byrd, of .Salisbury, will re spond. Addresses upon Sunday School topics will be delivered by Revs. E. A. Yates, E. Rondthaler, Jas. Y. Fair, and Messrs. Wm. Reynolds, of Illinois, R. P. Iteppard, of Georgia, James T. Liueback, N, B. Broughton, W. H. DodJ and others. Reduced rates will be given on the rail roads. All pastors, superintendents, and teachers of the various denominations are invited to attendTwid take part. THE NATION CA1TTAJ, Tlin TAHITI' ISSI'i: I'll KS i:TICI) MiCAItlCI.V. -Mi. U iimI.iII i,ls le.l.odm ! His Mill Senmor .Mills is t osifiileiit ln.ilN StH'tehfeisniiiils, Ve. Special Cor. St. via: CnnosiCLi:. Washington, D. C, March 12, 1 Randall's bill, which antagonizes i he Mills tariff bill was introduced Monday morning. It is called a bill to reduce and equalize duties on imports, to reduce in ternal revenue taxes and for other pur poses," repeals, after July 1, 18-8, ad laws nosv in force whereby tanners and product rs of tobacco arc restricted in the sale and disposition of the same," by uk olf the internal revenue tax ou manufac tured tobacco, snuff, t igars, cheroots and cigarettes, and the sp. cud taxes paid by manufacturers and dealers, and provides rebates on all unbroken packages when li.e amount of claim exceeds live dollars. It also repeals all internal revenue tax on spirits distilled from apples, peaches or oilier fruits. Special taxes on manufac turers of slilis, wholesale and icta.l liquor dealers ale repealed, and the tax ou dis tilled spirits is reduced from ninety to fifty cents a g.dlon, ami there is to to no tax on weiss beer continuing less than two and one-half per cent ot alcoiiolic strength. It is said to embrace some of the bct features of the Henderson bill. Among the articles in the free li t are anthracite coal, crude attunes for dyeing, undressed furs, guano, eohec, uucur.d hides, except sheep skins Willi dutiable wool, crude India ruhUu-, licorice root, crude opium, gold aud sliver ores, philoso phical and scientific apparatus, works of art about 312 articles together. Obscene, books ce- pictures are prohibited from im portat -a Too reduction made amounts to about $32,0ori,000 ou internal leveiiue and $1.. 000,000 on imports. Mr. Randall claims that forty Democrats will ort his bill, and thai, with the Kepubhcan support he is certain to have, his bill w ill pass. The Mills bill continues to grow iu pop ularity. Some of the more sanguine tariff reformers thi:dlhey will be able to 'ct it through the House. Mr. Carlisle will re turn on Tuesday, aud v- iieu the iaiiil dis cuss,. ,ri .saxes warm w Oi tako the ilo.,r ;,:al make a speech iu heha.f of i he Mills bill. It is thought probable U at several amend ments jiow under consideration v ill lie added to the tariff bill anil gi -lly slrengh eu it. Among these are: i'igs, ruiseiis, and other California fruit , now On the free list are to continue in 1 e taxed. Tips lterat ion will secure valuable, aid from tla; Staie iu support o! the .,111. Another Uciu is the fruit brai.dy l..x which it is hoped, will be abolished. This provision vviil make the bill much m e acceptable to our delegation. The tight. will begin iu earnest in about two weeks, so Mr. Mills toid a prominent Cougrcssu it yesterday. About that time, the bill i.- : be ri p. ted to tiie house. This delay is . a used by the fact that it has been found aecc-sary by the friends of the measure o reconsider some of its provisions. Sine- la.,t Wednes day, tlx; Secretary of the Tnasiuy and some of his assistants have been carefully examining the ltill with a view to suggest ing certain statistics and improvements. This wid lj. laid bcfoie inc.' ail committee for consideration next week. Senator Ingall's speech of hist Monday ostensibly in support of th ; Dependent Pensions bib, and which pa sed the Sc.n a:c by a vote of 44 to 10, has probably de stroyed his chances as a Pre. idential prob ability. The Democrais of the North are of course indifferent to his abuse of the Confederacy and her leader.- , but when he attempted to bring in Cleveland, Hancock and McClcilau for a .-liare of vitupera tion lie over-stepped the bounds of piu denee. Tiie Republican organs wisely omiited this part of his speech wheu they reproduced it , but the Democratic orgaiu printed it in full and made editorial com ments on it, which aroused the indigna tion of a great numb -r of Grand Army organizations, by whom the soldierly Han cock and gifted McClellan were greatly beloved aud cordially admired. The bet ter elements in the R publican party re sent the insults hurled at. these dead he roes, and appreciate the up or falsity of the unmanly aud unfounded attacks on the President ot the I niltd States, to be found in this speech. The speech is so un popular that 1 am told it will be used its a campaign documeut by tiie Democrats. Col. Dibble of South Carolina yesterday ordered 10,000 copies for distribution lit his district. I am told that since making the speech, Iugails applied for membership in the District Coannandery of the Loyal Ugion, and that In has been declared ineligible by a committee. The technicality was raised against him that the commission held by him during the war was from the Stale of Kansas, aud that he never was. properly in the service of the United States. It is also said that a very strong feeling exists in the Coniuian.lery against his admission, on account of the criticisms indulged in by him m his recent speech, upou Generals McCleiian and Hancock. General Hancock, at the time of his death, was the Grand Commander of th Legion of the United Slides, it is said tiiut Mr. Ingali's will apply for admi.-,.-:ou to the third class of tne Legion, into which civil ians who have rendered important service to the Union cuise are ad united, but it is thought that even this application will bo withdrawn for fear thai, lncnds of General Hancock will bL.ckba i the senator. The dependent p.-udoos bill which passed the Senate last week wid probably pass the House, and wdi certain!.1, in; vetoed by the President. 11 j has lccii defied io veto it a second time, and he vviil ace : it the challenge with his accustomed courage. It is estimated that the surplus in the Trias a ry wid, by thj end ot this fiscal year, JuneUOUi, be about 000,000. The receipts for the last three months have increased so largely that this alter ation is made in the figures given by the Secretary's report to Congress iu -December. This auiouut was $140,000,000. Sterling Rufun, one of the most credit able representatives our State has here in any vocation, has b.-cj promoted. The compliment v. lis richiy uerserved. Refined, cultuied, faithful and uprisht, he reflects ere ii: on, r.ot only our good old common wealth, but on the gifted stock from which he springs. His Chn.-aiau name is a most appropriate one, and his surname suggests to every North Carolinian, the honored memory of his, grand-father, Justice liuf tin, than whom the State claims no abler jurist nor more incorruptible cltixen. The Charlotte Observer has been re vived. Mr. Chus. R. Jones, the old editor. I has purchased the Hornet and combined it with the old Observer.