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The State Chronicle.
ESTABLISHED 1877. JOSRPHim HAMFLS. - Editor. KALEIGH, N. C. .MAR. 16, 1888. NOTICE. The Democratic Executive Committee of the Fourth Congre sional District, will please meet at Raleigh, in the Yarborough House, Friday, March 23rd, at 2 o'clock sharp, for the purpose of determining the time and place for holding the next Con gressional Convention. E. J. Pabrish, Chm'n., Dem. Cong. Ex. Committee. The Chronicle says: Give us the Con vention May 28th. J. "WILEY SHOOK. J. Wiley Shook. There is euphony in that name. No doubt about it. If you are not charmed with the rythm uponfirst perusal, read it again. J. Wiley Shook. There is aestheticism in that name. Now J. W. Shook is a plain every-day name John W. Shook has no "faultless rythm' nor "musical rhyme," nor "boundless aen and a suree sublime." But for i - i beauty and aesthetic taste, what can sur pass J. Wiley Shook? J. Wiley Shook. There is something in the very name that commands one to pause. It has an attrac tion peculiarly its own. "J" might stand for Jack or Jim or Jackass. Wiley is a good name, and has the redeeming virtue of being old fashioned. Standing alone we love the old name, but preceded by a "J," and followed by "Shook," it seems to lose its old reliable sound and to par take of the new "part your hair in the middle and write your name in the new fashion" style affected by many in these degenerate days. But Shook what music is in that name! J. Wiley Shook. There is a story by a certain humorist and a deliehtful one it is in which he tells how a rhyme: "A red slip trip for a three cent fare, A blue slip trip for a two cent fare, Psnch. brother.Dunch. Dunch with care. Punch in the presence of the passengaire' got such complete possession of a preach er's mind that when he went to preach a funeral he could think of no other words than "A red bUd trip. &c." and had to give np preaching the funeral. There a something about the name J. Wiley Shook that, if set to music, or put in verse would in like manner engage the mind J. Wiley Shook. There is no doubt that the gentleman who bears this cognomen parts his hair in the middle. Some time ago a young dude en tered the Yarborough House and register ed his name "X. Eusebius Smythe," and stood aside waiting for the clerk to assign him a room. As he stood there, two young men came in to examine the register. One of them said, "X. Eusebius Smythe. Who is the d d fool?" "I don't know," was the response, "but I'll bet half I am worth that he parts his hair in the middle." And he did. The young dude, unknown to the talk ers, heard the conversation. Afterwards he told a lady friend about it as something remarkable that these strangers should know how he parted his hair. They didn't know Smythe, but they could scent dude by his tracks. J. Wiley Shook. There is a fellow by that name. Certain? Quite. He actually lives and lives on the generous old soil of Western North Caro lina. We don't know where he came from. We never knew of a man in that section until now who parted his name in the mid die. But he actually lives there, and at Clyde, in the good old Democratic county of Haywood. J. Wiley Shook. There is, perhaps, some curiosity upon the part of the readers of the Chronicle to know something of the career of this queer specimen. This is all we know of the fel low: Some days ago a friend sent us a copy of a dirty, little Radical sheet published at Clyde, Haywood county. The paper bears, in two places in large letters, the words "J. Wiley Shook, Editor and Proprietor." The issue sent us contains a repetition of the exposed false hoods, first published by John Nichols, about the editor of the Chronicle. Like Nichols' screed, of which it is but an echo, the article is a tissue of falsehoods from beginning to end. We expect no truthfu criticism or fairness from Radical sheets in North Carolina. J. Wiley Shook Complains, and tells what is not true of this editor because we call the party that stole the school fund in North Carolina and otherwise ruined the State, the Radi cal party. He wants us to give that party a more respectable name. J. Wiley Shook Asserts that the name Radical is odious. Why? Let him speak: "The class to whom this term was applied came to North Carolina from away off yon der, or nomewhere else, and took advan tage of circumstances to occupy the offices which were the born inheritance of the native Bourbon. In other words, they got the biscuit somebody else wanted so badly." Yes; and the same men who were lead ing Radicals in North Carolina in those days are leading Radicals to-day. When did the Radical party ever denounce or repudiate one of them? When? When did the Radical party ever bring forth fruits meet for repentance? When? The Chronicle will tell J. Wiley Shook And all other Radicals that it uses the name because it is odious. It ought to be ever odious in North Carolina. No honest man can think of the days when the Radi cals were at the helm without having cause to be thankful that deliverance came. J. Wiley Shook Says that the term Radical is odious. So it is. So is Radicalism to honest North Carolinians. The Chronicle don't blame Mr. Part-Yonr-Hair-And-Your-Name-in-the-Middle-Shook for objecting to the name that belongs to his party. The horse-thief changes his name. Why should cot legislative thieves? But the Chronicle doesn't recognize a man or a party sailing under an alias. Thb State Chronicle is always live and energetic, and is the leading weekly in the State. Fayetteyille Journal. "Strange what a difference there can be 'Twixt tweedle-dum and tweedle-dee." So, some of our sensitive political oppo nents seem to dislike the term "Radical," and kindly admonish us to refrain from the use of the opprobrious epithet. Say that the word is used only in "vulgar par lance," long since eschewed by the "intel ligent and respectable newspapers." Many thanks for the brotherly information and the left handed compliment it seeks to convey; but, before we don sack cloth and ashes in a humiliating apology, we'd like to propound a few perpendicular ques tions: Which are the "intelligent and re spectable newspapers?" Are they the State Chronicle, et al., which still use the term as relating to the party which seeks to ob tain power in this State, or are they limit ed to the boisterous sheets clamoring for official pap? What made the name "Radi cal" so odious, since it is admitted that the party of to-day was once led by them and when and were, please, was this ad mitted leadership overthrown or the party purified of the foul stench left by its lead ers? Waynesville Courier. - - Mr. E. L. C. Ward, of Murf reesboro, has written an article for the Chronicle criti cizing the act passed by the last Legisla ture which requires the private banks in the State to render to the State Treasurer twice a year a statement of the debits and credits,of the number of open accounts,the rate of interest paid, and the rate of their profits. Mr. Waid shows that few banks have failed in North Carolina, and says that this new law is unjust to the private banks, which are conveniences to the people. In view of what he regards as an injus tice to the banks, Mr. Ward thinks it is urgent that the bankers of North Carolina should, at an early day, organize a Bank er's Association of North Carolina, so that their will and wishes may the better be made known and more respected. The Chronicle has condensed Mr. Ward's let ter because, while important, our space is not sufficient to publish it as written. Mr, Ward asks and those interested will do well to correspond with him "What say the bankers of North Carolina?" Some time ago. Congressman Nichols told the Washington correspondent of the News-Observer that he would not be a can didate for Governor, but would be a can didate for re-election to Congress. He also told the repor ter that there were 8,000 Knights of Labor in the Raleigh district, and that with their votes and the votes of the Republicans he could be r& elected. The fact is: There are not more than 3,000 Knights in the Raleigh district. Less than 1,000 are white, and of that number manv will not support Nichols. Mark the prediction! Editors will have to be careful what thev write and what they print. Not to speak of the libel suits in our own State we notice that Mr. Jno. McGhee, of the Charleston Sun, has been indicted for libel. We begin to-day the publication of series of articles on our Public Schools by Maj. S. M. Finger, Superintendent of Pub lic Schools. They will be found to contain much valuable information, and will repay a careful perusal. - ... The Daily Asheville Sun, published by Messrs. Hobgood and Fitzgerald, is a good paper. It starts out well and deserves to succeed. It has good editorials, bright locals, and is a beauty in its typographical make up. I like your paper and like the way you deal with the issues of the day, and wish the Chronicle that success it richly de serves. From a leading manufacturer and mechanic. The State Chronicle is the best politi cal newspaper ever published in North Carolina. Azariah Graves, ex-Member Board of Agriculture, of Caswell county A nice mail this morning a check, and me chronicle wnicn is worm more m a large family than the check. W. J. Law- horn, of Southern Pines. The State Chronicle is, without doubt, the best weekly paper in the State. Ex tract from the letter of a prominent editor. PERSONAL AND SOCIAL. Col. E. B. Cash, the noted duel'est, of South Carolina is dead. He was "a man of strong passions and ill-regulated mind." Mr. R. L. Alley, of Wilson, has been appointed postal clerk between Richmond ana vv asnington. Mr. Alley is a printer by trade, and a good one. The Chroni cle rejoices in the recognition of tnis class or intelligent Democrats. N. H. D. Wilson, Jr., who was valedic tonan or his class at the University is at the head of his class in theology at vanaerDiit university, where he is ta king a course in theology preparatory to entering me ministry or the Methodist Church. Messrs. Geo. Davis, D. L.Russell. Tho3. W. Strange and John D. Bellamy, Jr. of Wilmington; S. W. Isler, and W. R. All en of Goldsboro: W. S. Thomson of Samp son; Clement Manly of Newberne; II. R. Kornegay of Kenansville. have been in attendance upon the Supreme Court this week. In a recent issue of the Chronicle we gave the name of Mr. Hugh Waddell as a North Carolina appointee. Col. A. M. Waddell tells us that Mr. Hugh Waddell is not a Worth Carolina appointee. Ho went to Georgia when a bov and lived in Savannah till tendered an appointment in the Treasury Department by Hon. R. McCormik, some years ago. He is cred ited and properly to Georgia, and not iNorm Carolina. JNo relative of Col. Wad- dell's except Mr. Hugh Waddell holds any office. Col. A. B. Andrews has returned from a ten days absence in Western North Carolina. In his absence he visited, in company with the chief engineer, the works of the Red Marble Gap, and reports operations moving satisfactorily. He also had a conference with Col. Geo. W. Hin- shaw, of Winston, regarding the building of the Winston railroad, the result of which was work will commence on the Wilkesboro road at once. . . . . Edward Claywell, convicted of slan dering a woman in Iredell county and sentenced to a year's imprisonment, has been, through the Governor's mercy, re leased from jail on payment of a fine of 100. He has served half his term and the condition of his health is such that longer imprisonment would endanger bis life. FOR GOVERNOR, Lieutenant Governor Charles M. Sted man. From Wilmington Review. Conscientiously and honestly devoted to the lest interests of the Democratic party, with the success of which is insep arably connected the honor and welfare of North Carolina, and realizing the great imrortance of the approaching political conflict in the State, the Daily Review, while for months having no doubt as to who should lead our columns in the fight, has up to the present time refrained from a formal announcement of its convictions, willing, if necessary, to sacrifice its own views, willing to give up the almost unan imous wish of this section of North Caro lina, if by so doing the cause of the party could be advanced. Time has only served to strengthen our convictions. An honest and unbiased scrutiny of the availability of all the names mentioned, or likely to be mentioned, has confirmed us in our opinion that the standard bearer of tho ' vm icratie party in North Carolina in 1888, oiiuuld be our distinguished townsman, Lt. Governor Charles M. Stedman. We have come to this conclusion, with a full comprehension of the necessities of the impending struggle. Lt. Gov. Sted man is in the very prime of his physical and mental manhood. He can endure any amount of bodily fatigue and mental strain, and will be found equal to any emergency which the campaign may de velop. He is a man of untiring energy, coupled with an ardent enthusiasm of character, which carries him far to the front in all his undertakings, and which ever communicates itself to those who como in contact with him. He is a man of personal and moral firmness and if nominated would conduct the campaign in a manner which would bring pride and gratification to the breast of every white man in our State. Those who desire an easy going, milk-and-water candidate must seek some one else. We believe that an aggressive campaign is necessary to our success, and if a man can be found in North Carolina better fitted than Lt. Gov. Stedman to conduct it, we do not know him. He is a frank, open and generous man, whose liberality is known of all people in this section, and whose disinterested kindness through a long series of years to the poor and hum ble has endeared him to that class by ties of the strongest nature. His private character is without stain, and the public is invited to a criticism of his entire life, both political and personal. In the two great requisites for leadership in the ap proaching conflict he has few equals in our State we mean the capacity for or ganization and for that style of public speaking calculated to arouse the masses of the people. No one knows Lt. Gov. Stedman well who will not say unhesitatingly, that if he receives the nomination, every county in the State will be thoroughly organized. We need only refer to his canvass in 184 to illustrate bis splendid capacity as a speaker. He carried the flag of our party with credit to himself from the mountains to the ocean, creating an enthusi isru, wherever he went, which has only been equalled during Vance's great campaign in 1870. His great capacity as a public de bater is acknowledged by all, and in the ranks of the Republican party can be found no man who is his equal in this re spect. He will undoubtedly be a very strong candidate in the West, both in the nominating convention and afterwards, for upon the one great issue, so dear to the people of our Western counties, he has been their constant and unchanging friend. Of all the public men in Eastern Carolina he has been, perhaps, the m st conspicu ous in his opposition to the iuternal reve nue system of taxation. He has denounc ed it in almost every political speech he has made, and his late interview with Mr. Mills, Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means, shows how decided are his convictions on this question. How strongly he eudeared himself to the people of the East by his bold and uncompromis ing advocacy of the supremacy of the white race, it is needless to speak. We ask, what element of weakness does he possess as a candidate, and challenge in vestigation and comment. We waive en tirely the fact that he is in the line of promotion; that as Lieut. Governor and presiding officer of the Senate he made a reputation of which his countrymen may well be proud; that he comes from a sec tion that has been totally ignored for over fifty years, and we rest his claims entirely upon his merits. Fellow-Democrats of North Carolina: The people of the Cape Fear section will present to your kind consideration a man, who, if nominated, will achieve a victory unsurpassed in the annals or the State. POLITICAL GOSSIP. A prominent Lenoir county gentleman has a letter from Minister Jarvis stating that he is not a candidate for Governor, but that if the people nominate him he will subordinate all his personal interests and serve them. This is spoken like the patriot that he is. It is the duty a man owes his country to serve it when called upon to do so. Kinston rree Press. A correspondent of the Milton Ad vertiser writes: ine state convention which has been already published in the different papers to meet in the city of ruueign on rne 30tnor Alay will he one or the most important ones which has ever assembled. It will not only be a question as to who will receive the nom ination, but who can carry the State in coming election, we need a man upon wnom me people win unite, one whose life and character is known to all to be pure and stainless a man whose name will carry weight and influence with it from the mountains to the sea, and of whom the people will say, when the Con vention adjourns, that it has made a wise selection. The most available candidate which the Convention can nominate for Governor of North Carolina, is Mr. Julian S. Carr, of Durham, N. C. He is a man who is devoted to principle, faithful in the discharge of every duty, and will make a Governor of which 2orth Carolina will be proud. Let the office seek the man, and then we will have our Executive office of the btate filled with one who is not onlv capable, but the people's choice. The Washington Evening Star of Mon day savs: Mrs. Carrie J. Hnrris onrruu. pondentof the Raleigh, N. C, Chronicle, reported to the police that a cheek for $10 25 had been sent her by the Chronicle Company in January. The check, which was dated January 27, was hist delivered to Senator Harris, who has a daughter-in- law, C. H. Harris. It was returned by her to the postoffice. It was then deliver ed to a colored man named Charles II. Harris, who, it is charged, forged Mrs. Harris' name to it and cot it. enshd in fectives Wheeler and Mattingly arrested the colored man, who, itapears, had been expecting that amount of morfv fmm a lady in North Carolina, and supposed that th rhpf'lr h;id hoon mola r,f ir. l "i..'j i li 1113 n iiua name. He savs that he signed his wifo'a name and got the check cashed. The case was heard in the police court this after noon and was continued until Wednesday. .At the meeting of th Kantut nrju. sion and Sunday School Board held in Raleigh last week it was decided to com mence the publication of a. mnnthv nana to be called the Gospel Herald. Rev. C. uurnam was elected editor; Revs. A. G. McManawav and W. L. Wright and Messrs. W. N. Jones, W. J. Peele and W. H. Pace, the editor's advisory com mittee. The Mission Board appropriated $450 for the church at Concord; $200 at Williamston: and 300 to th naih Third Baptist Church. THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. No. 1. Finances. Since the war the following disburse ments have beer, made: In 1871 $177,497.94 la 1872 173,275.62 In 1873 196,675.07 In 174 297,090. 5 In 1875 No report,ab.mt same as in 1874. In 1876 334.163.14 In 1877 319.813 00 In 1878 324,827.10 In 1S79 326,040.35 In 1880 352.882.65 In 1881 409,658 88 In 1882 509,736.02 In 1883 623,430.98 In 1884 640,245.20 In 1885 630,552.32 In 1886 671,115.65 In 1887 653,037.33 The Constitution of 1868 required the proceeds of the sales of swamp lands and the receipts from fines, forfeitures, penal ties and certain other funds to be invested as an irreducible fund, the interest of which alone was to be used for school purposes. The Constitution as amended in 1875 while still requiring receipts from the same sources to be used for school pur poses, gave to the General Assembly the power to distribute all school funds to the counties for immediate use. In 1876 the General Assembly enacted that the irre ducible fund should be retained but that it should not be increased except by the items mentioned in Art. 9, Sec. 4 of the Constitution from which nothing was re ceived except from the sales of public lands, and but little from that source. In 1881 the General Assembly directed that this fund should be distributed to the counties, and consequently in August 1881 a distribution cf $114,883.25 w.-is made, and in November 1883, another of $74, 448.75 was made. These amounts were used by the county school authorities during the years 1882,1883, and 1884 and swelled the amounts applied during those years to school purposes, as will appear by the figures given above. The question is frequently asked why the counties now get no money from the State fund. The answer is that the legis lation now on our statute books does not contemplate putting any money into the State Treasury for schools, except such as comes from tax on acts of incorporation by the General Assembly and from the sales of public lands. Receipts from these sources have as yet amounted to but very little. Our statutes leave all other school funds in the counties where collected to the end that they may be used as rapidly as possi ble. It has not been thought wise or proper for this poor generation to attempt to accumulate a permanent school fund. During the years 1871 and 1872 there was a tax of 6j C.nts on the $100 of property; after 1872 and until 1881 the tax on prop erty was 8f cents on $100 of property, and after 1881 it was 12 J cents, at which figure it now stands. In addition to this general property tax the Constitution applies at least three fourths of all poll tax, both State and county to school purposes, which amounts to an average of about one dollar and fifty cents (when the limit of $2.00 is reached the exact amount is $1.59j) on each poll that is collected. The statutes apply now, and have for years, the fines, forfeitures, and penalties imposed by the Superior Courts and by the Justices of the Peace, most of the re ceipts from liquor licenses (all except from the wholesale licenses), receipts from auc tioneers, estrays, articles of incorporation issued by County Superior Court Clerks, and tax on dogs. From these sources our schools funds so far as they are levied by the General As sembly, are derived, and the funds are not put into the hands of the State Treas urer, but all are retained in the counties where they are raised. In counties where the State taxes levied iu the Revenue law and in the school law, and the county taxes levied by thl com missioners including school taxes, do not amount to more than 66 cents on $100 of property, and $2.00 on polls, the commissioners are required to levy enough tax, in addition to the funds secured under the general State levies as above mentioned, to continue the schools four months per annum. In most counties, however, after provid ing for county expenses, the commission ers find no margin left for application to schools. Prior to the Supreme Court de cision in Barksdale vs. Commissioners of Sampson county, 93 N. C. Reports, the commissioners were required to havo four month's terms whether or not they ex ceeded C6 j cents tax on property and $2.00 on polls. It will be noticed that the re ceipts for 1887 were $23,263.98 less than they were in 1886. while the laws were just the same. The fall-off in receipts is to be attributed to the decision referred to and to the failure, I think, of an unusual ly large number of persons to pay their poll taxes. Some commissioners are now so manag ing county matters as to apply all the poll tax to schools, while others find that for ordinary purposes they do not need the full margin of 34 1-6 cents now left them by the General Assembly, and so levy something for schools as section 2590 of the school law requires them to do. The County Boards of Education press their claims upon the Boards of Commissioners and not unfrequently the commissioners are brought to greater economy in their administration of county matters to the end that the schools may be brought up to the four months that the Constitution requires as a minimum. I cannot too much commend such consideration on the part of the County Commissioners, and can but cherish the hope that, to the end that our school system may be made more effective and more popular, all the com missioners will do everything in their power to increase the funds. Let them do this and go to the limitation. The money thus raised and applied, and indeed all school money under our system, stays AT HOME IN THE COUNTY WHERE RAISED and so does not impoverish either the county or the State. It is not the money wo raise and keep at home that impover ishes us, but the money we send abroad a fact worth remembering and considering. S. M. Finger, Supt. of Public Instruction. THE GREENE MONUMENT. The Favorable Report of the Library i ommiiiee. The Chronicle has before referred to the bill introduced in the House to pro vide ror tne erection of a monument to Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Greene, on the battle field of the battle of Guilford Court House, fought March loth, 1781. Th following is the full text of the report of the Com mittee: General Nathaniel Greene accomplished as much to establish the Independence of the Uni ed States as any military leader in the Revolutionary war, General Wash ington himself excepted. He was one of the most confidential friends and advisers of Washington, and the results of his campaigns justified the confidence placed in him. A citizen of Rhode Island, he was the savior of the Carolinas and Georgia. His name is revered in the whole Union, but especially in the South, where counties and cities and towns bear his honored name. On him were bestowed gifts and bounties as evidence of his greatness in war aDd goodness in peace. jno name, save that of the incomparable Commander-in-Chief of the American Armies, is more illustrious than his. The battle of Guilford Court-House. fought on the 15th of March. 1781. was the most important engagement of his military career. It broke the power of British prestige in the South and sent Cornwallis, with his shattered forces, in precipitate retreat to Yorktown, where on the 19th of October, 1781, he surrendered his whole- army of 7,000 men to the com bined American and French forces. At Yorktown, the Government has erect ed a costly and enduring monument to American valor and patriotism, but no emblem of a country's gratitude marks the spot where occurred the memorable event which made Yorktown possible. Perhaps the story and sequences of this pivotal battle are best told by Mr. Benton, in his "Thirty Years in the American Senate," in these words : "The philosophy of history has not yet laid hold of the battle of Guilford, its consequences and effects. That battle made the capture at Yorktown. The events are told in every history; their con nection and dependence in none. It broke up the plan of Cornwallis in the South, and changed the plan of Washington in the North. Cornwallis was to subdue the Southern States, and was doing it until Greene turned upon him at Guilford. Washington was occupied with Sir Henry Clinton, then in New York with 12,000 British troops. He had formed the heroic design to capture Clinton and his army (the French fleet co-operating) in that city, and thereby putting an end to the war. All his preparations were going on for that grand consummation when he got the news of the battle of Guilford, the retreat of Cornwallis to Wilmington, his inability to keep the field in the South, and his return northward through the lower part of Virginia. He saw bis ad advantage, an easier prey, and the wime result if successful. Cornwallis or Clin ton, either of them captured, would put an end to the war. Washington changed his plan, deceived Clinton, moved rapidly upon the weaker general, captured him and his 7,000 men, "and ended the Revolu tionary war. The battle of Guilford put that capture into Washington's hands; and thus Guilford and Yorktown became connected, and the philosophy of history shows their dependence, and that the lesser event was father to the greater." The sum this bill proposes to appropriate is comparatively a trifle to a rich and powerful Government, but it will place an imperishable monument to him who for five years never left the hardships and dangers of the field to visit his family or home; no privation, or peril, or suffering deterred him from the daily discharge of duty to his country that these States might be free. The nation will honor itself in honoring this hero, who was the child of the Invo lution and its hope in the darkest hour of the nation's history. OUR STATE G I! A HI). "It Ought to Disband or He Given a Suffi cient Appropriation." f Special Cor. .State Chronicle. Greenville, N. C, Mar. 12, 1888. Dur ing the last session of the Legislature a Military Convention was called by (Jen. Johnstone Jones, and a very good number of the State Guard were present, and me morialized the legislature to ma's.e such suitable and, what was thought, necessary appropriations as would pay for the ex penses of an annual encampment. I had the honor of being chosen President of the Convention, and a strong memoiial was prepared and a bill, such as was thought proper and right, was drawn; and a com mittee was chosen who went before a joiut meeting of the committee of both Houses, and we obtained a unanimous vote favor ing our bill. There were Republicans ou both committees,(and one colored member from Wilmington,) who expressed them selves very feelingly and interestedly (both parties,) and we felt sure the bill would pass. It did pass the Senate but was killed in the House. The purpose of this article is to speak plainly what I believe to be the sentiments of those who compose the State Guard: 1st. Is the State Guard a necessity iu North Carolina? 2nd. If it is not necessary, then why keep any Guard at all? better pay the small pittance now paid to some charita ble institution. 3rd. If there is a necessity for having a State Guard then they should be recogniz ed in a manner suitable and commensurate with thf necessity. 4th. In order to have an efficient State Guard that could be relied upon in any emergency they should have at least the respect of the people and especially of those in commanding positions. The war is over and the love for fuht has, in a very great measure, died out. And while I am fully satisfied that the State Guard, if called upon by Gov. Scales to fight, would respond promptly and would fight as they did at Gettysburg and Seven Pines. Yet this is an entirely a one sided game. The law provides that a certain per cent of attendance at regular drills shall only entitle the companies to the small appro priation now allowed and yet each man has heretofore had to pay for his uniform, lose the time f r drill. &c , and no recog nition has been shown. The men who compose the Mate Guard are gentlemen who are willing to do their duty, but as gentlemen (and not hirelings) they have a right to demand a just recognition of their services. In this day of strikes, riots and disorders the knowledgeof a properly and well equipped armed force in a communi ty, clothed with the authority of law. is a strong and potent prot otion to life and property. An encampment is the school of the sol dier, and when he leaves his business and his home, for love of country, to learn how fo become an efficient soldier one that can be relied upon and has to pay his own expenses or live like a slave then the order dies out. I do nof wish to be understood as inti mating that the State Guard are not will ing to do full duty; and should there be a call by Hi Excellency the Commander in Chief, every company would fall in line promptly. But, if there is any use in keeping up the Guard, do it in a manner becoming; if not, disbvnd. North Carolina has never made a credi table soldiery display at any place since the boys in gray laid down their arms at Appomatox. And the cause is, the State does not recognize them. The present ap propriation is an insult to the Guard and ought not to be accepted by any company, and if this is to continue every company ought to disband and I believe will dis band In conclusion, I have this to say: I think in these troublous times that a well armed force of citizen soldi 3i y is a great safe guard to the people, both of life and property, although they may not be called upon ever, yet, the fact that the men and the arms and the authority to ask them, are within reach, and will be used if nec essary, is a safe guard to the people that they can and ought to recognize. If there is to be a State Guard let it re such as the State will not be ashamed of, ik not proud of. Very truly, Isaac A. Sugg, Major 1st Regiment. The Washington Post says : The Sherman) boom is reported to be about to be pushed throughout the South. Among its advance agents, so to speak, are said to be ex-Senator Mahone, Sergeant-at-Arms of the Senate Canaday, ex-Congressman Lynch, colored, of Mississippi, and James Hill, colored, of the same State, who was formerly a collector of internal revenue. Mr. Sherman is said to be as sured of the Georgia delegation, which Col. Bryant has promised to deliver, and has good agents at work in South Carolina and Tennessee. There is no doubt about this statement so far as North Carolina is concerned. Col. Cannady will do what he can to carry a solid Republican delega tion for "Honest John" to Chicago, from our State. THE OYSTER FAIR. An Abundance of Oysters, Game. Fish Mi'ti Big Politicians. Special Cor. State Chronicle New Berne, N. C, Mar. 14th, 1888. Write it down aS icccss, with a big o. lt is the first fair in New Berne. It will not be the last if visitors are allowed a say-so It was a Fish-y Fair, and no mistake There were all kinds, from the large sucu lent shad to the smallest that swims. live inrnoi-n. nine feet long, was an at traction. Game how it made the heart of a hunter beat fast to see the large ex hibifion of ducks and other game! But for the b?st and the finest, commend us to the oyster, which Josh Billings calls the "good bye valve. "How To Eat an Oyster" was the sub- lecc, of an article in a magazine which tell into my hands. One writer thought they ought to beswallowed whole; anotner that thev ought to be thoroughly masticated another thought partial mastication all that is necessary. I do not concern myselt with theories I take eighteen raw ones, with a little lemon juice, and don't even know how I eat them. One thing I do know: that God Almighty never made anything more delicious. Thackery said the first time he eat a fat raw oyster that he felt like he had swallowed a live baby That is the May he would feel about the large bivalves at this Fair. There are all sorts of exhibits here in addition to fish, ga-r.e and oysters, num bering nearly 2,000. The Governor spoke Tuesday. Rev. II W. Battle offend prayer. Gov.SeaUs was introduced in a fehcHous manner by Jno, S. Long, Esq. The Governor spoke 2; minutes and expressed his pleasure at the success of the bair. He ahuded to the great men New Berne had produced, to its future bright prospects, and made es pecial reference to the oyster survey in Eastern C, and gave it as his opinion that the oyster industry ought to be one of the chief sources of revenue to North Carolina. One million acres was embraced in the oyster area. His address was heard with pleasure and was well received. The Governor and his wife are the guests of Henry II. Bryan Esq. S'ate Treasurer Bain and btate Auditor Roberts are with the Goveonor. The Governor's Guards, commanded by Capt. L. r. Harrell, and the Davis cadets, commanded iy Col. A. C. Davis, furnish ed the military escort. Their praise was on every tongue. Hurrah for President George Allen, and the New Berne Journal, and the others who have made this fir&t Fair a success. LATEST NEWS ITEMS. . . . Oxford is to have a grand railroad jubilee on tho 18rh of April. It will be ou the true Oxford scale grand. Winston has organized a Five Cent Savings Bank Mr. E. A. Ebert is Presi hut, mA Mr. .-v. Long, Clerk. The Vice Presidents and the Board of Trustees are among the best men in Winston. ....The Jonc-sboro Leader is a bright paper recently fstablished at the growing town or jonesooro. .Moore county, by- Messrs Baker and Goodridge. We wish them abundant success. . . . Messrs. ' )liver Bros, have purchased the Kvidsvihti Democrat, and Mr. R. A. Lomax retires from the editorship. The Chronicle extends a cordial welcome to the Oliver Brothers and wishes them great success. ....We learn from undoubted author ity, that four gentlemen of this place have raised within themselves the entire sum sufficient to build and equip a cotton fac tory- in Hili-boro. HiJlsboro Recorder. ....The Superintendents of Public In structiori of the Southern States are in vited, and are expected to convene at Morehcad City on the 20th and 21st of June, during the session of the Teachers' Assembly of North Carolina. Jno. D. Bellamy, Esq., of Wilming ton, who is iu Raleigh this week attending the Supreme Court, says that it is no longer talk, but that the Wilmington street railway will soon be constjucted. Goo I. Wnmington is gomg forward. .... All the "hitche.V is the building of the raiiroad from Winston to Wilkesboro have been adjusted and the work of grad ing will be commenced at once. This road will develop one of the richest sections of North Carolina. . . . .Mr. II. G. Myrover has retired from the Favettevilie Journal. Mr T) fr-n Grady now -'goes it alone." It is an honor to Favettevilie and is bright, newsy and well edited. March the 2ord has been set apart as iorm uarouna rotate aay at tne Sub Tropical Exposition, now being held at Jacksonville, Fla. North Carolinians will never have a better oppon unity of visiting tionaa. Ihe Hicnmond & Danville rail road will sell round trip tickets for this occasion, on March 21st and 22nd, good to return until April 12th twenty days at the following rates, as the Chronicle is informed by W. A Turk, Division Passen ger Agent: From Asheville, 18 s0; from Charlotte, 1T fi": from Greensboro, 21. :S0: from Ht-iid.rs nviii , 17.80; from Raleigh, $22.00; from Salisbury, $11.1.40; from Statesville, fi9.40. STATEMENT Showing the Condition of the Travellers INSURANCE COMPANY, ASSETS. Decemler 31st, 18S7. Value of real estate and ground rents owned by the Company (less the amount of encum brances thereon), $1,818,114.92 IjOH'.'S on bond and mortgage (duly recorded and being first liens on the fee simple). 3 622,f,j6.20 Account of stocks and bonds of the United States, and of this and other States also all other stocks and bonds absolutely owned by t lie Company, '. 4 O.ksO-J.IS Stocks, bonds and all other se curities (except mortgage). hypot hecateri to the Company as collateral security for cash actually loaned bv ihe Com pany ." 287,311.00 In't due and accrued on stocks anil other securities 81,113.41 Cash in Company's principal ollice and belonging to ihe Co., deposited in rank ii02,319.50 Cash in hands of Agents. an 1 in transitu Premiums or assessm"s unpaid, 213,04.0" Premium or assessment loans and notes, All ot her assets, detail'd in state- m-nt Total Assets, $9,584,249.31 LIABILITIES. Losses unpaid, including those resisted $ 21f,255.00 Reserve, as required by law,. . . 6,178.722 Go All other claims, 10,000.(0 Total Liabilities i;,40t,978 00 Capital Stock paid up, $ (500,000 00 Total Income, 3,72o.46.81 Total Expenditures 2,751,516.42 or th Carolina Business in 1H8T. Risks written, S 715.S.VI.O0 Premiums received K,730.M Losses paid on risks taken, (1,033.49 Losses incurred 6,033.49 President James G. IJotterson. Vice-President Secretary Rodney Dennis. General "Agent W. S. PniMiiOSE. STATE OF HOUTII CAROLINA, Olfice of Secretary of State, Insurance Department, Raleigh, X. C, March 1st, 1888. In compliance with Section 3000, of The Code of North Carolina, 1 certify that the above is a true extract from the sworn statement of the Travellers Insurance Company on December 31, 18S7, now on file in this department. W. L. SAUNDERS, marl6-lt Secretary of State. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. AGENTS Wain TED TO SELL AN ENTIRELY NEW BOOK. The most wonderfully complete collection of the absolutely useful and practical which has ever been published in any nation on the globe. A marvel of everv-day val ue and actual moiiey-earnins and monev saving to every possessor. Hundreds upon hundreds of beautiful ad helpliil engrav ings. Its extraordinary low price beyoud competition. Nothing in the whole history of the book trade like it. Select something of real value to the people, and sales are sure. Agents looking for a new and first class book, write for full description and terms. 30 days' time given Agents without capital. SCAM M ELL & CO., Box 8971, St. Louis, Mo., or Philadelphia, Pa. mar9-tf ROSES, FLOWERS, SEEDS, ETC. Choice Everblooming Roses. Geraniums. Caleus and other out-door Heddintr ulants: Tuberoses, Evergreens and Maprnoleas: Cab- oage, iomato and other bprnur plants. Hue Cutttowers, Banquet and Floral De signs. Ciioice r lower Seeds. Orders bv tel egraph promptly attended to. Send lor Catalogues. II. STEINMETZ, Florint, feb!7-3m Raleigh, X. C. ONWARD ! IS THE AY OltD. The PROGRESSIVE FARMER enters its third volume at the follow rates: 1 subscriber, 1 year, t 1.25 5 subscribers, 1 year, 5.00 10 subscribers, 1 year, lu.oo One copy 1 year free to the one sending a club of ten. Eiijht pages, 40 columns', weeklv. Send cash (charges prepaid) to ien-4 L. Ij. rULK, Kaleish. X. C. H. MAHLER, Maxcfactckeb of and Dealeii in - Gold and Silver Ware. PLAIN GOLD ItlXGS Made to Order at Short Xotice. Send for fatent King Measure. Agent for FAIKCIIILD'S GOLD PENS, and the SELF-WINDING CLOCKS. jan2;-iy The BUYERS' GUIDE is issued March, and Sept., i each year. It is an ency clopedia of useful infor. 1 mation for all who pur chase the luxuries or the necessities of life. "We can clothe you and furnish you with all the necessary and unnecessary appliances to ride, walk, dance, sleep, eat, fish, hunt, "vork, go to church, or stay at home, and in various sizes, styles and quantities. Just figure out what is required tc do all these things COMFORTABLY, and you can make a fair estimate of the value of the BUYERS' GUIDE, which will be sent upon receipt of 10 cents to pay postage, MONTGOMERY WARD & CO. 111-114 Michigan Avenue, Chicago, IU. mary-3mo Y1,M,XISTllATOR'S JVOTICK. ...j IVO'IIIJIUI,! (Villi Ul IIIC estate of the late A. E. Rowland. I hereby iri 1 ' 1 TlilT I -l. til oil Ana ; , . .1 . ..n ui ciouua juueuieu io ine es tate to make payment to me, and to all par ties havinyr claims nwainct tl, octoi. t sent the same to me before the Kith day of reuruary, otnerwise this notice will be plead in bar of their recovery. i.nis nun uay ot F ebruary. IsSS M. E. HOW LAM), , v..,. . J T KOWLA.M), feb24-(.v Administrators. BY PHYSICIANS. EDWARU FASNACH, Jeweler and Optician, RALEIGH, N. C. Optical Goods a Specialty. One of the TArrreat. StifVa rt r;.,,.,.i ,. , . - , - . " . ... , v. t iiuiiiuuUD. W atches and Jewelry in the South. feblO-ly THE CREAM of all BOOKS OF . - . v iiui ii?.ru 1IIIO tOllime. PIONEER DARING IIEKOES and DEEDS. The thrillincr nlvontn.au At t ---- .... . en vn. mi iue nero explorers and irontier fighters with Indians rtiitlau-u i. . . 1 . .- : 1 . 1 i . c aim im nrasis, over our whole country, 4rom the earliest tini tr tk ent. Lives and famous pvninitc rf i i,,, , LaSalle. Stamlisli Unc u',.-. i" i ' z , . ' . : . "tmuu jjiaiiy, - -- -, ..uuoi'uii, ninuil, busier, California Joe ild Bill, Bullalo Bill. Gen erals Miles and Crook, preat Indian Chiefs and scores of othors Kni. ...i ;,t i u ------ - . ..U ... , y llll.Itl(. ea with M hne engravings. aci'mx . ,, priced, and beats any- tllintf to Sell. Time tnr -ii Agents short of funds. "hET I'UII. CO.. Box C,81. Philadelphia, Pa., or St. Louis, Mo. mar'J-tf ORTII CAROLINA, j Wake Couniv. Thos. L. Las ter, 1 Publication vs v . Daniel Clensay. ) Xotice. The Defendant above named will take no tice that the above entitled Civil action has ..kuwuilkiiot agmiisL mm in the Sud- nor fYn-rl- if U'nVo . v.iii4ijr, emu. or jorth Carolina, the purpose of which is to recover judgment for a sum of money due the said Plaintiff; and the said Defendant is hereby required to appear and answer or demur to the complaint of the Plaintiff on or before the 23rd day of April A. D.. I8d8, at th Court House in said county of Wake This February 20, 1888. C1IAS. 1). UPCIIURCII, mar-7w Clerk Superior Court. S S Id 3 5 PS JZ m pel Mr, o ' - W - o 3 00 s3 - as 3 Jl 0 S 8 Si 3 of NEC C M ME N u ED NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. f . H. & R. S. TUCKER & CO., 123 and 1 25 Fayctterille Street, ANI 121 anil I2( Wilminetoii Street, It A LEIGH, N. C. We have now open the C HO I C EST VAU I ET Y -OK- SPRING NOVELTIES We have yet ofTerel in SILK, WOOL AND COTTON DRESS FABRICS. We have al-o received our Direct Importa tion of H mburg Embroideries, And our Spring Purchases of White Goods and Laces. siIoks. We carry the Largest Stock of Shoes in the State. A full line of sizes and styles at all times in stoic. We Sell the BEST Tobacco Plant Bed Cloth In any quantity at the Lowest Price in the Market. I?r"Oiir Motto has always been, "The best tfoods tor the least money." W. II. A It. S. TUCK Kit V CO. Jas- Boy LAN, "I T. W. Dobbin, I Chas. McKimmok, f Geo. W. Poe NOTICE. The firm of l.eacli, Page A- ArrndeU has expired b limitation. Mr. (i. Kduar Leach retires and in future the business will be conducted by .M. V. Iate and I'. II. Arendell, under the firm name of PAliK V AH i:DKLL. All parties indebud to the late firm are requested to make imme diate payment, as the firm's business must be closed up at once. G. K. LKACH, M. W. PAliK, F. B. AKKNDELL. ANNOUNCEMENT. Having purchased the interest of Mr. f.'. Edgar Leach in the late firm of Leach, Hase Ac Arendell, we lieg to announce to our former patrons and friends that we shall continue the liolexale ami Itetail Gro cery. Cotton and (General Commission IliiMuess at the Old Stand, o. 235 Wil mington Street. We hope bv strict Per sonal Attention to all business intrusted to us, and by square, honest dealing, to merit the continued confidence of our friends, and a liberal share of the patronage of the trad ing public. M. . I'AOE, F. II. AHEM)LL. Raleigh, X. C, Jan. 14, lNs. Furniture and Bedding. PARLOR SUITS. Embossed Plush Parlor Suits Silk Plush Parlor Suits Silk Plush Sofa Silk Plush Divan II EI) ROOM SUITS. Poplar Chamber Suits from f&i 00 to Cherry Chamber Suits Walnut Chamber Suits from &J..;.0 to Valnut Bedsteads from 8.00 to UEODIX;. Hair Mattresses, Fine Quality Pine Hair Mattresses from. . . o no to Cotton Mattresses from .vuo to Straw or Shuck, Cotton Top. Jo to LHNINO ROOM. Walnut Extension Tables Walnut Kxteusion Tables Poplar Side-Boards Walnut Side-Boards I ABLE. Drop Leaf Tables Centre Tables 4.00 and Antique Oak Centre Tables Cherry Centre Tables CHAIRS. Split Seat Chairs Common Wood Chairs Cane Seat Chairs ".!.'" Oak Dining Chairs Rockers fi 00, 1.50, f2.5o'and MISCELLANEOUS. Cane, for reseating chairs, l.ooo feet,. Spring Slat Beds Woven-wire -Mattresses Wardrobes $10.00 and Children's Rockers and High Chairs ..... 'JC, 1.00 and Baby Basket Carriages, with Para- ,, sols .00, .,.oo and Hall Stands l.uo and Safes, Tin or Wire, Lounges from $7.o6'to Hammock Chairs fci.oo and Bedsteads from oo to Washstands from $1.75 to OU.i 20.00 10.50 $30.00 (Vi.ou fAI.00 l.iiO $25.00 8.50 8. OO 4.50 $12.00 10.00 10.00 140.00 $2.75 J.50 4.50 7.00 .50 XM .75 1.50 4.7a f l.oo 2.50 4.25 15.00 1.50 10.00 15.50 3.50 8.50 5.UO 12.50 10.00 Orders from the Country, accompanied with the tah, will receive prompt at tention. Letters nl innnlrv r. I.uur.. 1 1 - .4 . . j ...IV. IIUII 1 and promptly answered. J. C. HUTSOX & CO., 128 South Wilmington St.. Next Door to W. II. & It. S. Tucker & Co. A Rare Opportunity to iet a (ioud Por trait for a Little Money. PORTR AITS. For the next Three Months, portraits made at the following low prices: Fi ll Life-ize Oil (Bust ), 25x1() - - $.TO.OO t ull Life-size Crayon (Bust 1, 2."x.(0, - 10.00 Portraits made from Life. Photographs, Uaguerreotypes.Tin-Types.Paintings.Draw-lngs. or other copy. ;ROl PE PICTURES made at corres ponding Low Rates. A perfect Likeness to the Original Guaranteed. Correspondence solicited for work in any part of the State. B3f References sent upon application. PINK. C. KXNIS, . t Raleigh, N. C. Studio m th Andrews Building, Fayette ville Street. fablO-tf SEEDS! SEEDS ! ! Grown amid the jrenial kills of nr wh struggling South; and better adapted to ur soil and climate than any Seeds on earth. "Buncombe" Cabbage, and everything ,J reSuced to 5 centa per packer, post paid. Send for Catalogue, and try somi ot them. Write to . J. W. VAN DIVER, Janl9-tf Weaverville, Ct