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The State Chronicle.
ESTABLISHED 1877. f OSBPIIUS DANIELS. - Editor. RALEIGH, N. O. ..SEPT. 7, 1888. There scarcely ever happened in the history of this world a sublimer spectacle than the renomination of Grover Cleveland by the unanimous voice of tie Convention. The people of the United States love a brave man, and Cleveland is a brave man; they love an honest, man, and God knows he is an hmioct man- tViv lovp a man of trood, sound judgment, and I do not know any man of sounder judgment than his; they love a man who stands up for the people, wno stanas d does not fear to take the consequence, and such a man is Grover Cleveland. Allen G. Thurman in a speech at Columbus, Ohio. The same of Allen G. Thurman is a sy nonym for all that is wise and great in stateS manship, pure and upright in public life, and amiable and lovable in personal char acter. Indianapolis Sentinel. OXJH NOMINEES. FUR PRESIDENT: GROVER CLEVELAND, OF NEW YORK. FOR VICE-PRESIDENT: ALLEN G. THURMAN, OF OHIO. FOR GOVERNOR : DANIEL G. FOWLE, of Wake. FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR: THOM AS M. HOLT, f Alamance. VOR M"RETAEV OF STATE: WW. L. .SAUNDERS, of Orange. FOR TREASURER : DONALD W. BAIN, of Wake. FOR STFKRINTENDENT Pl BLfO INSTRUCTION : SIDNEY M. FINGER, of Catawba. FOR ATTORNEY GENERAL : THEODORE F. DAVIDSON, of Buncombe. FOR AUDITOR : Q. W. SANDERLIN, of Wayne. For Associate Justice of Supreme Court to nil the vacancy caused by the death if Hon. Tbos. S. Ashe: JOSEPH J. DAVIS, of Franklin. For Associate Justices of the Supreme Court under amendment to the Constitu tion : JAMES E. SHEPHERD, of Beaufort. ALPHONSO C. AVERY, of Burke. FOR ELECTORS FOR THE STATE AT LARGE : A. M. WADDELL, of New Hanover. F. N. STRUDWICK, of Orange. 1st District G. H. Brown, Jr., of Beaufort. 2nd District Jso. E. Woodard, of Wilson. :rd District C. B. Aycock, of Wayne. 4th District K. W. Pou, Jr., of Johnston. Mil District J. H. Dobson, of Surry, r.tii District S. J. Pembektok, of Stanly. 7th District L. C. Caldwell, of Iredell, sth District T. M. Yawe, of CaldwelL nth District W.T. CiiAwrono.of Haywood. FOR CONGRESS: lt District Thos.G. Skinnki:,o Hertford. 2nd District F. M. Simmons, of Craven. 3rd District C. W. McClammt. of Pender. 4th District B. H. Bunk, of Nash, ."ith District J as. T.MoREHEAO.of Guilford fth District Alfred Rowland, of Robeson 7th District J no. S. Henderson, of Rowan. th District W. H. H. Cowles. of Wilkes, vth District T. I). Johnston, of Buncombe. THE JOINT DISCISSION. There will be a joint discussion of the Ksues of the campaign between Hon. Dan iel G. Fowle and Hon. Oliver H. Dockery, Democratic and Republican candidates for Governor, at the following times and pla ces: Walnut Cove, Stokes county, Monday, September 10 Mt. Airy, Tuesday, September 11. lkin, Wednesday, September 12. Yadkinville, Thursday, September 13. Winston, Friday, September 14. Lexington, Saturday, September lo. Mockville, Monday, September 17. Hickory, Tuesday, September 18. Lenoir, Wednesday, September 19. Morganton, Thursday, September 20. Marion, Friday, September 21. Mooresville, Iredeil county, Saturday, September 22. The Local Committees will please adver tise these appointments by hand-bills and otherwise. Spier Whitaker, Ch'm'n. Dem. State Ex. Com. Appointments of Hon. . W. Sanderlin. Hon. George W. Sanderlin, Democratic candidate for State Auditor, will address the people on the issues of the campaign at tne ionowing times ana places: w hitevule, Saturday, Sept. s. Danbury, Tuesday, Sept. 11. Liberty, Wednesday, Sept. 12. Farmington, Friday, Sept. 14. Statesville, Saturday, Sept. 15. Williamsburg, Monday, Sept. 17. Appointment in Wilkes county for Sep tember 18 to be made. - Denver, Friday, Sept. 21. Gastonia, Saturday, Sept. 22. Hendersonville, Tuesday, Sept. 2". Brevard, Wednesday, Sept. 20. Franklin, Friday, Sept. 28. Murphy, Monday, Oct. 1. The local committees are urgently re quested to advertise these appointments by hand-bill and otherwise. Si'iER Whitaker, Chm'n. Dem. State Ex. Com. Appointment ot Mfssrs. Strut wick and Iou. Hon. F. N. Stmdwiek, Democratic can didate for Presidential Elector for the State at large, will address his fellow-citizens upon the issues of the campaign at the following times and places: Hackney's, Wednesday, Sept. 12. Riggsbee's Store, Thursday, Sept. 13. Pittsboro, Friday, Sept. 14. Holly Springs, Saturday, Sept. 15. Franklinton, Monday, Sept. 17. Pleasant Grove, Tuesday, Sept. 18. Kenly, Wednesday, Sept. 19. Dunn's, Thursday, Sept. 20. Auburn, Friday, Sept. 21. Durham, Saturday, Sept. 22. Rolesville, Monday, Sept. 24. New Light, Tuesday, Sept. 25. Hon. E. W. Pou, Jr., Democratic candi date for Presidential Elector from the Fourth District, will speak as follows: Pleasant Grove, Sept. 18. Kenley, Sept. 19. Dunn's, Sept. 20. The local committees are urgently re quested to advertise these appointments by haud-bills and otherwise. Spier Whitaker, Chm'n. Iem. State Ex. Com. THE JOINT CANVASS. FOK'LE AND DOCKEHY MEET IX JOINT DEBATE AT IIILLSBORO. A Fairly Large Crowd Present J iidgc Fowle' Presentation oi Democratic I)olriue I'nanswerabl"- ! ookery Makesan Exceedingly Plausible Speech and Pleases His Party. Editorial Correspondent-"'., IIillsboro, N. C, Sept. 4, '88. The peo ple of North Carolina love freedom of speech and fair play. Strongly partizan as they are, they love to see an opponent have a fair chance to present his cause. They have a passion for joint discussions, especially upon political topics, lo the time whereof the memory of man runnetn not to the contrary it has been customary for those who aspired to be Governor of the State to have a joint canvass and let the people hear the issues discussed. Some of these campaigns have been memorable ones and deserve to rank beside the great joint canvass in Illinois between Stephen A. Douglass and Abraham Lincoln. By all odds the most brilliant and most able joint discussion in North Carolina since the war was between Senator Vance and Judge Settle. They were the brainiest men of the two parties and the readiest at debate. That joint canvass will be remembered after the two debaters on the hustings have been dead many years, and it will stand out in history as an epoch in political cam paigns in North Carolina. A joint canvass, or any thorough can vass of the State for that matter, is a .se vere strain upon any speaker and only the most most robust of men can stand it. Speaking every day and riding twenty to forty miles to the next speaking place is enough to wear out most men. Judge Settle has never fully recovered physically from the arduous work the canvass occa sioned him. Mentally he has probably recovered, foi' his nerves were soothed and his lacerated fctlins composed by a fat iudicial position for life which he now holds. There is no doubt about the fact that both candidates for Governor earn the position, or some other position, by the hard work of a eanvass. A facetious friend of Judge Fowle's urged his nomina tion upon this ground: That to make the canvass there would be great wear and tear on the system. He argued that if Stedman or Alexander were to make the canvass the wear and tear would be on the vital part, but that it would affect only Judge Fowle's surplus flesh. So far the Judge seems to be losing none of his flesh and to be standing the strain re markably well. Mr. Dockery also seein to stand it without physical inconvenience. The joint canvass opened Monday, Aug. 27th, at Monroe. I owe the readers of the Curonicle ae apology for not giving a full report of the opening debate. En forced absence in the mountains prevented a report of the opening discussion. It is probably fairer to both parties to wait until they havebeeo together a week got down to their knitting, so to speak, be fore registering a verdict a to who i ihe winner in the contest. Hillsboro is a good place for political debate. The old town has heard many a discussion between men who were giants in their day, aad ft was not necessary to import the combatants from other coun ties. Orange soil was indigenous to the production of great men, and more meu who have made themselves fame have been residents of Orange than of any other county in the State. Glorious old Orange! The name is inseparably associated with the fame of men who have honored their State in the councils of the Nation. It is a fitting place likewise because it ii in the centra! part of the State and be cause there are a large number of white Radicals in the county. I am sorry it is so it doesn't speak well for the future of the grand old county but it is true, and because of this state of affairs both of the candidates were on an equal footing. One had as many friends as the ether, or about as many. The Radicals hadn't quite as many native ones but by importation their nmber of whoopers-up were equal to the plalanx of solid Democrats. Any man who has paid any attention to join debates in North Carolina has observed this fact: That the Radical cohorts are always noisy and applaud everything that their leader says. It is true most of their applause is from negroes, but that kind is as grateful to the heart of a Radical of the Dockery stripe as if it were from white men. The negroes yelled heoe to-day and they were aided by their white allies. Jim Cheek, Radical candidate for the Senate, has his bar-room open near at hand, and his dis tillery running too, I reckon, and the members of the g. o. p., had "wet their whistle" until they were ready to make a noise, with or without encouragement or provocation. This would have been very inspiring to Mr. Dockery, but for the fact that, negro like, they often laughed when they should have been serious, and ap plauded when silence was proper and wise. For example: Mr. Dockery said "we are the poorest people upon the face of the earth." Now I can see nothing funny in that, nor anything good. It is rather a cause of regret to me. But Dockery's supporters thought it very fine or very funny, for they laughed heartily and applauded vociferously. It reminded me of Nero's fiddling over the flames he had kindled in burning Rome. Republi can extravagance and Republican unnec essary high taxation has made and keeps the people poor, and when one of their number tells an assembled North Carolina audience that they are the poorest people on the earth, they set up and laugh and hurrah. It is about as sensible a proeeed ure as we may expect from North Carolina Radicals. And yet they desire to control the destines of the State! With all rever ence I say: God forbid that such a dire calamity may befall North Carolina. The speaking continued two hours and forty minutes, Fowle opening with an hour, Dockery following with an hour, and each having twenty minutes for reply. In the main the people gave good attention to both speakers who in turn were respectful to their audience. Judge Fowle had been met at the depot by mounted horsemen, in front of which rode the Chapel Hill,CIeveland, Scales and Bunn club bearing a bandanna banner. Jim Cheek had left his bar-room lon enough to ride down and bring Mr. Dock ery up to the hotel. No procession did him honor. I used to wonder why the Radicals did not meet their speaker at the depot in procession and escort him through the town. Now I know the reason. If Dockery had been escorted through Hills boro by his sable crew he could not get upon the stump and falsely assert (as he does i that '-there are as many negroes in the Democratic wood pile as there are in the Republican wood yard." Theevidence (preseut and speaking and visible to ever eye) would confound even so brazen and w unscrupulous a Demagogue as Dockery himself. Therefore they have no proces sions or demonstrations. J I DGE FOWLE SPEAKS. At 1.27 the speaking commenced, Sam. Gattis, Esq., Chin, of the Dem. Ex. Com mittee announcing the agreement between the speakers, and fittingly r;' ? mcing Judge Fowle to the audience. Judge Fowle, after an a;.' -i : o the great men who had honored ami 1 11 hon ored bv Orange, and to the glorious his tory of the county, stated that it was his desire not to say a word that would wound the feelings of any conscientious Republi can. For this he gave the reason that when he becomes Governor of all the peo ple "as 1 am going to be," he said he didn't want any Republican, when he saw him (Fowle) in the Executive chair Don ald Bain says it will have to be enlarged two inches to accommodate Fowle, to have any ground to say that the Governor had, as a candidate, abused him. Applause and Laughter. 1 For the past lour years we have had the best government any peo ple could have. Why change? Mr. Dock ery asked the people to change and for that he "ives two reasons: First He charges that the Democratic party has done nothing tor the people. Second ne charges that there are more negroes in the Democratic wood pile than in the Repubhcau wood yard. The Negro Incapable of Ruling. Judge Fowle proceeded to answer Dock erv on these two points, first speaking in terms of kindness of the negro and giving them just praise for their kindness to the women and children of the South during the war. He recounted a bit of personal experience during the war to show that he hud only kind feelings to the negro. But wheu it'eaoie ta the question of the negro ruling it was a different thin" He con trasted the negro and the Anglo Saxon and bowed that in the record for 4,000 vears that liberty baa never existed wiiere tne negro has controlled, wherea of the Anglo Saxou race every individual is a little re public in himself. Then the Judge drew a striking contrast between classic Greece and the nations that were born to rule. Why the Negro Question i an Isue. The negro question is an issue in this campaign because of the agitation of the county government question. The Demo crats took the position that tho whiiu peo ple of 27 Eastern counties .snail not oe ruled by negroes. They were forced to protect these counties because the negroes nearly bankrupted them. All intelligent men know that property will depreciate in these counties if the negroes control it. The intelligent negroes know this to le true. Only last Saturday a negro had told the Judge that if the negroes were to con trol he would leave this citato. He pre ferred the rule of white men. Applause. Negroes Control the Radical Parly. The present system of county govern ment ought not to be changed because a change would turn twenty-seven Eastern counties over to negro rule. The case of J . Wiley Shook, a leading Western Repub lican, who tf.ied to sneak in the Radical State Convention, showed hp- the negroes control the Radical paity. h'egKves in terrupted Shook, who turned to a negro and demanded that he be iiietU. The ne gro turned to Mr. Shook iu Hstouishment and said: "You must not know who it am dat compose de Publican party of No'f Caliny?" Laughter. The negro spoke. Shook bad U) succumb. Applause. Dockery wa piaed ip nomination by a negro. Pritchard was nouiihatI Ly a n.j gro. The negroes controlled the conven tion. Dockery a a Lawyer. Mr. Dockery poses as the candidate of the fanners. He asks -support because he is a farmer. He denounces lawyers. "Now the only difference between me and Mr. Dockery' said Jdge Fowle "is that he studied law and didn't get his license, I studied and got my license." During applause and laughter some one in the crowd said, "You are a good lawyer and Dockery is a bad one." This was received with laughter and applause. "They ttll me in Richmond county," continued the Judge, "that I am abetter farmer than Dof.kery." The truth is that Dockery ad vised the people to vote against Judge Fowle, not because he is a lawyer, but be cause he is not a negro lawyer, applause and "That's so." Dockery Voted for a Negro Lawyer. Dockery voted in 1884 for a negro law yer named Harvey Quick against an excel lent white farmer named J no. W. Sneed for the Legislature. He voted for a negro who wa o black that a crow would look white beside him in preference to a one legged Confederate soldier. Laughter. j Dockery had also voted for other negroes. The Tax Receipt Speaks. Judge Fowle read t wo tax receipts show ing that the tax on a piece of land belong ing to Maj. Allen Gordon under Radical rule was 17sJ. The same property, with improvements, is now taxed onjy ffi-4.00. That is the difference between present county government in the East and the Radical rule. State Don't Lose II y Defaulters. Under the present system of county government there has not been a default ing officer where the State or county lost a dollar. Good bonds are required. Rad icals took straw bonds. Lady Teacher and Negro Examiners. Probably the most eloquent portion of his speech was Judge Fowle's tribute to the lady teachers of North Carolina. I will not even attempt to condense what he said. It was in Fowle's best vein. He drew a picture of them a3 he saw the the Teachers' Assembly; ami then he drew the contrast, and showed that if the negroes were allowed to rule the Eastern counties, those lady teachers would either have to submit to the humiliation of an examination by negro school superintend ents, or lose their positions, and the much -needed money. 1 wish every teacher and every man who has a female relative teaching in, the public schools could have heard this portion of the speech. It is a strong point, and the Judge makes it effective. Negro Policemen. If the present system of county gov ernment is repealed, the city charters will be repealed, negro mayors will be the chief officers of our cities, and negro policemen will arrest white men. A negro police man loves to show his authority by ar resting white men. A Negro Judge on the Rench. Next, each district would elect its own judge. The second district would, if we can judge the future by the oast, elect a negro judge. The judges rotate and he would preside over the court of Orange county. Are the white men ready for that ? The second district sent a negro to Congress until they tried to elect Two in one district, and the Democrats slipped in their man. Laughter. The Jones County Outrage. The Judge told how the negro county commissioners of Jones county took the white men. and women, who were de pendent upon the county, and sold them for one year, at auction, to negroes. This was an outrage that could not be perpe- trated under the present system of county government. ( ;ther arguments were used to show to be no return to th6 Radical county government system. The Tariff Question. Then Judge Fowle devoted himself to a discussion of the tariff question. He clearly explained and defended the Dem ocratic position, and showed that the Ke- puohcan system was unjust, unconstitu tional and burdensome. He used homely illustrations to make these points plain to au minds. Ihe Chronicle has no space to give Judge iowles argument on the tariff, nor even a synopsis of it. Suffice it to say, he completely demolished Dock et's proposition to get rid of the sur plus by paying sfl, 280 for a $1,000 bond. Illustrating how that would help Orange county, Judge rowle said: "If you were to take a minnow net and have it so that every man who has a government bond in his pocket would through, hardly a man in Orange county would be caught." One idea ho dwelt upon and made plain was that of every three cotton rows that a farmer chops, he chops two for him self and one to pay tax under a protective tariff'. One-third of a man's work is re quired by this tariff. Is it any wonder we are poor? If the present taxation continues, in six years we will have be tween six and seven million dollars as surplus, and no money in the hands of the people. Radicals and Education Dockery, asks "what has the Democratic party done for the people?" They did not steal and squander .$1,100,000 of the school fund, as did the Radicals. They did not, out of this school fund, pay negro legislators $2,100 a year as legislators as did the Radicals. Under Radical rule $'J8,000 was spent for education. Under Democratic rule last year $703,000 was expended for education. When I am Governor we hope to spend a million. The Judge then graphically portrayed the material prosperity that had come to the State under Democratic rule and con trasted it with the stagnation and rascality under Radical rule. W hat Cleveland Has Done. Cleveland has given Southern men place and honor. He has saved forty million dollars by vetoing the dependent pension bill. He has rescued 1,0)0,00 acres of public land given to corporations by Radicals. He has done more to cement this Union than any living man. The late Maj. Wm. A. Smith refused to go to Congress a second time as a Radical, giving as hs reason that Southern men are not treated with consideration. A high trib uta was paid to Cleveland for hie patriot ism and his recognition of Southern men i applause Praise of Thurman for relieving Confederate soldiers at Camp Chase whs applauded. The Internal Revenue. Judge Fowle frankly told the people that both parties at the North opposed the repeal of internal revenue that the Democrats of North Carolina, and a few others had donj all in their power to si cure the repeal. They would continue, to do bo. lie believed internal taxation wrong in principle. The h poerisy of the Republicans was exposed. They hud declared that when they had done every thing that money could do iu other lines, then rather than repudiate protection they would repeal the Iuternal Revenue law. Tom Johnston htid given them a chanoe to repeal and thy would noi vote for it. Their position reminded the Judge of the little boy who had heard that when the sky fell it would be u good time for earth ing larks. He is still waiting. The people will wait forever if they wait for the Radicals to repeal the Internal K-eve-mie. n tins line the Judge was particu larly strong and effective and held the undivided attention or the peuplu. Hit time was out and 1m sat duwn niid ap plause and a voice saying "we think mighty well of you, Jud-re.'' One old man, with tears in' his eye-, said, "The .Judge beats all of "em. None of 'em can come up to Fowle." .MR. DOCKERY SPEAKS. When Judge Fowle had finished Mr. Dockery opened his speech without ap plause, lie began by ian.g that ;t viy the first time he had ever had the oppor tunity of addressing the good people of Orange county. He purposed talking plainly as a farmer and lakokinw man to farmers and laboring men. He wanted to talk plainly as to what is lest to be done "to relieve ourselves of the egregious but-dun that' Tisat upon US. ;l About Oid Issue. 1 think that old issues ought to be for gotten. Here a "New Issue" negro yelled 'That's right.": In old times under Repub lican rule a heap of mischief was done. Now under Democratic rule more mis chief is done ! yells of approval by negroes ai d a few whites j About the Niuijcr. If he couldn't pj-ove that ii4oie wi more nigger he pronounced it "nigger' in the Democratic wood pile than iu the Republican wood yard he would agree io leave here and never return. But of that later. This tickled the "niggers" im mensely. Henry Clay and the W hi::. I was a whig "Thank God" exclaimed an '"old issue" nerc, "my Marster was one." Hecalhd Henry Clay "my leader." Mr. Dockery then argued that England owed the fact that it was "mistress of the world" to the fact that it had lived so long under Protection. Why is it then that un der free trade England is more prosperous to-day than ever? Editor. IV hat H TarjJJ Ought jo lp. He hud always believed in a Protective Tarilf. A Tarilf ought to be so adjusted as that the country would produce every thing it needs. Gov. Vance practically believed in this tarilf because during the war he bought 40,000 pairs of cotton cards and put the people to making cloth. H hat Ihe South Must Do. We must change our policy. We m ist manufacture gords right here at our doors. The North followed Clay ai.d is wealthy; the South followed Calhoun and is poor. "You are the poorest people on the face of the earth." Applause aud laughter by th.3 negroes. Cotton is no longer king. Diversified industries rule. The great prosperity of the country was portrayed in glowing colors. Lter he said the limes were hard. En. All this was attrib uted to a Protective Tariff. Cleveland's Unfulfilled Promises. Defied Fowje to show that Cleveland had fulfilled a single promise. "What did Cleveland promise?" he ask ed. The negroes, evidently had not been well drilled, or had been "undrilled" by too much of Jim Cheek's whiskey, for they responded in chorus, "Nothing " Not at all disconcerted Dockery asked, "What has Cleveland done?" Determined to follow instructions the negroes yelled, "Nothing." The Plain Man. "I am a plain man and speak plainly addressing a plain people," repeated Dock ery. I will not attempt to state how many times he repeated this statement. Evidently he thought it the best part of his speech. The Internal Revenue. The Democrats have been untrue. What have they done? Nothing. In the State platform, which means nothing, they de clare in favor of repealing the Internal Revenue. The same plank has been in the platform twenty years. It is rotten. "If you can find the words Internal Revenue in the Democratic National platform I will give you a bale of hay." What have they done. "Second the motion," incoherent ly yelled a negro. National Democrats could do something, but theyllre as silent as death. What says Vance? Voice in crowd, "Fight till hell freezes over?" Vance says that the National and State Governments both ought to tax whiskey and tobacco. He wants it taxed twice. Never until now had the Republicans promised to repeal the Internal Revenue. Givo theui a chance aud they will do it. Surplus in the Treasury. There is too much money in the treas ury. What is the best way to get it out ? Fowle says reduce the tariff. Mr. Dock ery proceeded to say that the people of Orange county did not pay any of this tax, and that not 1,000 worth of goods used iu Orange county was subject to tariff tax. He read an extract from the News Observer that the rich people of the North paid the tariff tax, and it did not affect iu any great way the outh. We do not know that the News and Observer said this. If so, it was in au unguarded moment. That paper never could have been guilty of the supreme folly of saying that the people of the South do not pay their proportion of the tariff. The fact is, the South pays most of it, and gets no return. Ed. What Shall we Do With the Surplus ? What shall we do with the surplus ? That is the question. "How are you go ing to relieve us ?" asked a gentleman. 1 am going to tell you. Then he drew a picture of the hard times, and the great need of money, and proposed four ways to get rid of the surplus: First : To buy bonds under the Sher man act. Senator Beck had indirectly threatened to impeach Cleveland if he did not buy bonds. lie bought a few aud : To pass the Blair bill. The Republicans wanted to pass it. The Democratic House opposed it. It would give North Carolina .-so, 000, 000. Third : To return the $20,000,000 of the special land tax. Republican Senate passed it. Sleeps the sleep of death in House. Fourth: Republican Seuate had passed an act compelling Treasurer to pay out all the money as fast as it comes in. We do not remember this act. To whom is the money to be paid and for what? En. The Democratic House had passed the Mills bill, which the Republican Senate will oppose. County Government. He said he wanted a change because the present system interferes with the rights of the people makes slaves of white men. Regulation Republican argument, varied by proposing his plan that the Gov enor or Legislatuie (he left one " petition of one hundred kuee-holders," as it ap pears in his letter of acceptance), appoint a Board of Audit and Finance. Niutjer Rule." " I am as much opposed to putting the negroes iu power as any man in North Carolina. 1 live in a township where there are three negroes to one white man. Not one of them ever was a can didate for office, and I promise you they will probably never be." He closed with some remarks, which we failed to catch, in which he used the term, referring to r.egros "kinky l;er,d;;.'' FoWl.E'N REPLY. Fowle was cheered loudly and hurrahs lent the air. He began by showing the fallacy of Dockery's statement that Or auge county men don't pay tarilf taxes. He made it so clear tiiat no one but an idiot could fail to ce it that every man who bought au article upon which thre Vas $ tar;'", paid thi ta whether the article was manufactured iu thi country or in Europe. He then drew a picture of Torn Johntou tj-yhig to pas a bill to abolish the Internal Revenue, and the Republicans refusing to aid, although the ink was hardly dry on the paper on which their platform was printed, in which they declared for the repeal oe the Internal Revenue. The Kenubl'can pretence yt favoring a lepejil oi the It-.Tnal Reve nue put him in mind of the little girl who saw a snake's sk'n in the road. She said; Suppose wits gron und mar ried to lorn ia ueigtilx's son;, and we had a child, and this snake had uot shed its skin, and the child should come by, and the snake bite it, and the child should die" whereupon she was overcome and cried. Here the laughter aud applause great. j The Mills Hill. The Judije explained the provisions of the Miils lill, emphasizing the fact that it repeals the tax on tobacco, and ameliorates the hardships of the collection of the tax. He showed how the Republi cans fought this beneficent measure. iA t-olce aked "now dtd J,ohn Nichols vote?" judge Fowle replied that he voted against the bill. The Blair Rill. Republicans lied when they said they wanted to pass the Klair bill. Why didn't they pass it when they were in entire con trol"? He preferred some amendments, but so great is his desire to educates the ohildreii tht .Judge Fowle said he would take the money under the Blair bill. Who l Iu I'avor o( Liberty f Radical speakers talk about taking away the liberties of the people. The Judge drew a strong, powerful, and eloquent arraignment of the Republican party because it incarcerated men and deprived them of liberty because they ex ercised freedom of speech. He cited cases, and piled testimony on testimony in cumulativo p:oof that the hadicai party had stripped the people of the last vestige of civil liberty. The Shoff r er bill permit ting the Governor to declare a county in a state of insurrection was commented upon and denounced in severest terms. Judge Fowle was at his best here and was truly eloquent and was applauded lp.qdly. He was nore eloquent still when he drew a picture of Judge Hrooks liberating the true men, unjustly imprisoned. He made the people hurrah with feeling. He then stated that Judge Brooks, a Republican, hencefoith voted the Democratic State ticket because the Radicals had attempted to take awav men's liberty. Here the Judge made an apoatiophe to liberty which was in chosen words and received the applause of the people. Hp concluded by calling upon the people to stand firm and give Cleveland and Fowle forty thousand majority. He sat down, the people applauding" DOCKERY CLOSES THE DERATE. When he arose Dockery was greeted with cheers. He began by saying that he had ieard Fowle's s-peech every day during the canvass, and that Fowle's neighbors told him that it was twenty years old. He asked, while dwelling upon personal liber ty, why didn't Fowle talk in favor of letting the people vote for their magistrates? Admits He Voted for Negroes. "Fowle proves tbat I voted for three negroes in the county where I live, One of them was a negro lawyer aud he holds the endorsement of white Democratic lawyers. I never dodge my party and I vote for iti nominees unless owectiox ale men are nominated. The Democrats and the Nisger. He charged that the Democrats of Rich mond county refused to take a good bond from a negro Register of Deeds, and put in a white man who was defeated. He aloo stated that the Democrats of Rich mond county nominated a negro for the legislature and that the negro refused to accept. Then they nominated another negro who was defeated by a white Repub lican. He read a clipping from the Wades boro Intelligencer that white and negro children went to the same Sunday School in that town. The Jones county matter he alleged was fixed up as a political job. Denounced the story as a lie that he want ed white and negro children to go to school together. In Montgomery county the Com missioners had allowed a negro (Wilson Ewing) two dollars a month for keeping a white female pauper; and that a similar case had been reported from Warren coun ty, and that in Warren the negro kept the white woman in nis Kitcnen. Atter mak ing these statements with great braggado cio and flourish of trumpets, he came to his climax, and said that Cleveland had appointed negroes to office. The negroes applauded, but whether because Cleve land appointed the negro to office or not, 1 was unable to learn. This part of his reply was closed by rwi-prv- s :ivmr that the Democrats raise the color lina solely to put certain meu in Office. Who Believes This? The last words of his speech were in sub stantially these words: I did not ?tc-eept the Republican nomination a' first. I wait ed to see if Alexander was nominated be fore I accepted. If he had been nominat ed I would not have been a candidate, but might in all probability have supported him. When he had finished he was applauded. The above is the substance of bolh spe ches. Every reader of the Chronicle may make up his mind from the above which of the two debaters got the best of the discussion, if either of them did. Mr. Dockery is an exceedingly plausible speaker and, to my mind, there is no doubt that he presents the issues of his party as strongly as they can be placed. He gives courage to Radical workers and inspires his followers. His strength lies in the fact that he is reckless in his statements not caring whether they are true or not. He began by charging Mrs. Cleveland with kissing a negro wench and Cleveland with inviting Fr. d Douglass to dine with him. Judge Fowle proved that both of these statements were absolutely false. Did it hurt Dockery? Not a bit. He "trumps" up other state ments and tells them until they are dis proved. He has a conscience as tough as a rhinoceros hide. His other source of strength is allied to this. He is a dema gogue and a plausible demagogue. He calls himself "a plain man and laborer'' and tries to draw the poor to him thereby. Mr. Dockery's father was a rich planter and Dockery is no more of a laborer than Judge Fowle, and his talk on this line is as transparent as it is contemptible. His demagoguery is well shown in his tyjatmcnt of the tarilt question. He told the people of Orange that the tariff tax did not affect them. If he knew better, he lied and is a demagogue unworthy of the respect of any decent man. If he didn't know better,he is the most ignorant man who ever asked the people to elect him to a high office. His climax as a demagogue is best dislayed when he says that ,f the Democrat had nominated Alexander he would not have been a can didate. Here he out Yorks York, t he prince of demagogues, in his palmiest days. I hazard the statement that there is not a man, woman, or child in the Staty V(o believes this statement o! ir. p.ockery. -nd yU hi niakpS it when he speaks to the farmers, but omits to make it at other times and places- Judge Fowle makes a speech of unques tioned power. He devotes his time chietly to a discussion of State politics, aud he draws the contrast between Democratic and Radical rule in N,or;h t..arolina with a majfte hand.. le discusses National ques tions sufficiently to reply to Dockery's ig norant or false views of the TarhV. What ever Qth.er-.-4 may think, I agree with Judge Fowle that it is his special province and duty to discuss State politics. He does this and does it unanswerably. In fact Dockery does not attempt to answer it. He admits that the Radicals did "a heap of mji,clUef in Moth Carolina" nd, stop there. He seeks to draw Judge Fowle away from the main question into a dis cussion of National issues. Judge Fowle wisely holds Dockery down to State mat ters. That is the question. If Fowle und Dockery yere running for Congress it would be different. The Congiessioual candidates and electors will discuss Nat ional matters. The fact that Dockery steadfastly refuses to discuss State politics is sufficient evidence that he knows t,at his party is eternally damned and that h,e would be ruined in debate upon the record of the two parties in the State. A less wise leader than Judge Fowle would be leu off into the National dueusiou. Keep on telling the people, Judge Fowlo, of the rascality and incompetency of Dock ery's party in North Carolina. Waddell and Strudwick, and the Congressmen and Electors will talk to the people upon Na tional affairs. You ?ve ; -hargeu with the dHty of not allowing any voter to forget the difference in the recoid of the two parties in the State their policy and their composition. The fact that Dockery will notdiseusf State politics is an admis sion of all you sa. Keep it up throuuh Qiit tl;e tafe and, plausible demagogue as he is, the people will elect you Governor by a haudsome majority. J. D. 1'. S. In the correspondence concern ing a joint debate, Mr. Dockery sought o frighten Judge Fowle by telling him that he as going to charge him with bing guilty of wrong doing in regard to the Special Tax Bond transaction. Through out I waited to hoar him do so in his speech to-day. He was as dumb as an oys ter about it. He was then playing "bluff," but when he faces Judge Fowle he "open eth not his mouth." DEMOCRATIC RALLY, Vmu-c, Kanderjiii a nil Davidson Speak at Thomasville. Staff Cor. State Chhonicle. Thomasvillf,, September 1, D388. A grand Democrat ic mass meeting was held in this place to-day. Vance, Sander lin and Davidson made speeches. A large crowd was present, and much enthusiasm prevailed. At U o'clock a procession of horsemen, from Lexington, headed by the Lexington Cornet Band, marched into the town to a Democratic tune. The speak ing commenced at 1 o'clock. Mr. Sanderlin spoke first. His speech was full of sound arguments, and each point was clinched with a good joke or anecdote. Sanderlin is a second Vance in "anecdoting." Senator Vance spoke next. His theme was the tariff. He is one of the best posted men in the Senate on this great issue, and he fully maintained his repu tation here. He to-day spoke two hours, and stopped amid yells of, "Go on ! go on !" This is the first political speech he has made in the State this campaign. Col. Davidson, upon being introduced, said that he had come to be an auditor, and not a speech .maker. But before sit ting down, he made some fine points, which were well received. Democrats have a fctrong hold in David son. M. ON TITE WING. POLITICAL CHAT AND DOINGS IN THE STATE. Some News the Editor Hears lule Rid ing on the Rail-Road, and Some Com ments Thereupon. Editorial Correspondence. The endorsement of Messrs. W. D. Tur ner and W. W. Barber for the Senate by their respective counties was a virtual nomination of these t wo gentleman to rep resent the R-lth district (composed of the counties of Iredell, Wilkes and Alexander) in the next State Senate. But there must be the usual form of making the nomina tions. Ytsterday (Friday) the Senatorial Convention, in Taylorsville, formally nom inated these gentlemen. I did not hear that there was great euthusiasm, but there was great unanimity. Both of them ac cepted in speeches thaf were appropriate, strong and pleasing. Mr. Turner was one of the best and truest men in the last State Senate. Mr. Barber came within 84 votes of defeating York two years ago for the House in Wilkes, and this year he will carry his county so all reports agree. I shall be happy to record the election of these two vigorous Democrats by an unprcce- dently large majority. When the train stopped at Newton Sat urday, Geo. B. McCorkle, Esq., who now holds a good position in the Treasury De partment at Washington, came on board. He was returning to Washington from his vacation, and had remained to the Cataw ba County Convention which met on Sat urday. He told me that it was the big gest Convention ever held in Catawba, as well as the most enthusiastic. My friend Mr. J. G. Hall, (about the first man iu the State who believed Cleveland to be the biggest man of his age) presided over the Convention and spoke with wisdom. Maj. Finger, State Superintendent of Schools, was present to receive the greetings of his old friends and neighbors. The Conven tion nominated the following ticket: For the Senate, Dr. Josephus R. Turner; for the House, Abel Unit; for Sheriff, Julius Rowe; for Register of Deeds, G. W. Coch rane; for Treasurer, W. L. C. Killian; for Surveyor, Theo. Bandy. Dr. Josephus R. Turner, the nominee for the Senate, is a popular, well informed and successful physician. He will discuss public questions intelligently. Mr. Abel Huit (pronounced as if spelled Hewett) is a successful farmer und a gen tleman of tine sense. He is a member of the Grange and thoroughly identified with the farming interests. The Senator and Representative were instructed to vote for Senator Ransom's re-election. The resolu tion of instruction was offered by Mr. Mc Corkle aud was unanimously adopted. Nowhere in the State is Senator Ransom more popular than in this pa.rt of the State, as is evidenced by the fact that three counties here (Iredell, Caldwell and Catawba) have instructed their represen tatives to vote for him. Mr. McCorkle tells me that Oatawba was never in better condition. The Democrats have been carrying the county by l.GoO majority. This year they tain about 2,000 as nice figures for Catawba's majority. "McDowell has nominated a ticket that can't be defeated,11 said Johu Gray By num, Esq., of Morganton, as he boarded the train at Marion Saturday, and shook the hand of the Chronicle editor. He proceeded to say that all the differences in the county had been healed. The. fol lowing is the ticket nomir.o.t&d by the County Convention held on Saturday: For the House, William Blantou; for Sheriff, 1 t XT t . C T . : , . C T . , josepa u. ixeiiij tor i.egister oi l'eeus, Wm. McCurrie; for Surveyor, J. '.. Bur gin; for Coroner, James Hemphill. Mr, Blanton, the nominee for the House, is a prominent merchant and farmer. Mr. J. C. McCurrie, who was his contestant for the nomination, made a speech strongly in favor of Mr. Blanton. The speech was received with great enthusiasm and ap plause. Mr. Bynum addressed the Con vention. He says that there is now, siuce so strong a county ticket is nominated, no danger in McDowell and that it will be re dee red.- "You may talk about your Vancesand Ransoms and Fowles and Waddells, but tne best political speaker in North Caroli na is ," said an intelligent gentleman m Greensboro, Saturday night. "Who?" was U;e idwuiry. "Ayeock, of Wayne," was the reply. A gentlemau standing by who had heard Mr. Aycock often gave it as his opinion that he would be Governor of the State before he was forty years old, , The Republican of iiuncombeand Mad ison haye nmmated Col. Semper Yirgilius Lusk, of Asheville, for the Senate. Hon est John W. Starnes,the Democratic nom inee has been Superintendent of .Schools in tfuneombe und understands Virgil pretty well and wfflgive some lessons in it dur iog the campaign. On Saturday the Republicans of Orange county met at Hillsboro and nominated the following ticket: For the Senate, Jas. A Cheek, who has twice represented Or ange in the House, both, times ralsely claim ing to be an Independent; for the House, T. i". Lloyd; for Sheriff, Wilson Brown; for Register, Milton E. Craig; for Treas urer, Irvin R. Hogan. Cheek is the lead ing man on the ticket aud his only claim upon the people of Orange ooqnty is that he owns a distillery--Ve-cpg a liar-room, and sells ho.rtg at five ceuts each. Two years a&o Cheek was mad with the Chron icle because it classed him with the Re publicans. He demanded that we put him with the Independents. He is a pretty In dependent for you! He is a Radical of Radicals and deserves to be buried forever by the good people of Orange ihis year. Owing to the continued illness of Col. Holt he is unable to take the stump. His friends everywhere manifest deep interest in his condition, and wish for him a s.ieedy recovery. Ju his place in the the campaign he has a worthy represen tative in the person of Hezekiah A. Gud ger, Esq., who is every day meeting I'ritchard, the Radical candidate for Lieutenant Governor, in joint discussion. Both of them are Madison men aud they know the characteristics of their audiences. Here they are on an equal footing, but on!" he.e. Mr. Gudger is the ablest campaigner although I'ritchard is as slip, pery and tricky as au eel. 1 have not had the pleasure of hearing the joint debate, but my information is that Mr. Gudger is making strong and unanswerable argu ments. The chief question debated is the Tariff. Upon that question Mr. Gudger makes a line argument. Mr. Pritchard states the position of his party with clear ness, but having a weak side he is unable to win any votes upon an advocacy of high taxation upon the poor people. Nominated by a negro and expecting to be elected by negroes he does not hesitate to speak of them in terms of disrespect, knowing that they will vo e for a Radical, regardless of how much he may abuse them. Mr. Gudger is doing valient ser vice for the Democracy and represents Col. Holt with ability aud success. The Democratic Convention in Union was the largest ever held. The following is the ticket nominated: For the House, Jas. A Marsh; for snerin J. r. Horn, present incumbent; for Register, Frank Wolfe for Treasurer, Jas. McNeely. The Monroe Enquirer-Express pronounces the ticket a good one. Of Mr. Marsh, the nominee for the House, that paper says: He is one of the best farmers of the county and is secretary of the County Farmers' Alliance. He is intelligent and well read, is a man of good common sense, understands well the necessities of the people, and will make a creditable and safe representative. SENATORIAL CONVENTION. King and Sills Nominated. Speaking Iu Nashville Politii-si Special Cor. State Chuoniclk Nashville, N. C. September 6.--M0 day was a red letter day in the his?r,'r of Nashville. The Senatorial Conventi,;' was held. Dr. R. W. King, of Wil,'' and Mr. J. G. Sills, of Nash, nominated for the Senate. Mr. Sils jst' present Register of 1 eeds of Nash couut v aud is considered by all to be the inoi popular man in the county. His collea'"i(. Dr. King is as strontr here as in WiU,, and will poll a tremendous vote. J Philips will certainly be elected to tii House and the Senatorial ticket is ccV tainly safe. Gen. Cox, Capt. Cooke, aud Mr. Dunn spoke, and the feeling Z; to be very good. ' y The Chronicle endorses every Worfj said of Messrs. King and Sills, Dr. Kin was a member of the Senate in 18-U. jje is a ready speaker and justly bears the reputation in his section as au eloquent and ornate orator. His career iu the Senate was. in every way satiafactory to his people who have since desired to return him. He would not consent until now, and even now he was nominated against his will. He will make a brilliant cauvass and be elected by a lar.'i majority. Mr. Sills is a quiet, well informed gentleman of the highest character and soundest couvictions. He is the mt popular man in Nash county, and de servedly. Eoitor . POLITICAL NEWS As Our "Washington CorreMxindtm Hears it at the Capital. Special Cor. Statk Chronicle. Washington, D. C, Sept. 3, 18i Senator Kena, of West Virginia, Chair man of the Congressional Democratic Committee, says that the Republicans are simply trying to capture the doubtful or close Congressional Districts, and thus carry the next House, and to this end are spending considerable money; that th'-y have virtually abandoned hope of the Presidency except possibly as to some change for their benefit iu New York. There is no contest in the Presidential election except in New York, is the way he puts it, in an interview with a fi .eul of mine. Information from all quarters is now favorable. Mr. W. V. Scott, a personal friend of Senator-elect Barbour, ami Sec retary of the Virginia Democratic Com mitfee, tells me that the oid Dominion is safe by eight thou.-and majority, that the Danville and Lynchburg districts will 1 Democratic and that some other Congres sional Districts will be redeemed. Mr. Charles N. Vance, who has recently visited Stokes county, reports that the Re" publicans in all that region are falling away from Brower. The Chairman of t be Stokes Democratic Committee gave lum a very encouraging account of political af fairs in the county. He heard the same news from several adjoining counties Col. Elliott, Congressman from the Bean fort (S. C.) District, says that, the it-port to the effect that the differences anions the South Carolina Democrats would aJ the Republicans in the Presidential election and perhaps jeopardize Democratic suc cess, was wholly erroneous am) misleading. The light between Captains Tillman and Dawson was. not about Federal polities, and would have oo effect upon the Presi dential canvass. It was about farmer-' rule, country against city, and some charges affecting the present State Admin istration. South Carolina, be says, w ,!' remain Democratic. The rumor alluded, to is a mere sensation. The fisheries matter continue to divide with the Republican tariff hill the atten tion of the public. The report was not ready on Saturday, but Governor Me Creary, of Kentucky, who has iu charge the bill of the Foreign Affairs Committee granting the additional legislation asked for by the President, says he hopes to be ready with it on Tuesday, having an nounced that day as the date for the con sideration of the measure. He think.-, only one day will be required to pass it. The committee was unanimous in agreeim."; to the report. There was an interesting discussion Saturday of the question of how to pro ceed with the proposed Congressional Li brary building, and the architect and commissioner were pretty sharply handled for having imposed the plan of a ten mil lion dollar house on Congress under '. he false pretense that it would cost only tw- million, three hundred thousand. The same bill (Sundry Civil) in which this was included contained an appropria tion of $85,000 for the Charlotte public building and one of $7o,f)00 for Statesville. It also provided $:S?,50O for the detection of violations of the internal revenue laws.. A more important matter was rejected by the Senate and left out in the confer ence: the provision framed by Messrs. Cowles and Johnston (and placed in an other bill by Mr. Henderson) that affidavit.- on which arrests in internal revenue eases are made should affirm that the facts were in the personal knowledge of affiant, un less the oath was mado by a collector ot deputy ia which oae he should swear that the things charged were true on mforiua tion and belief. The cotton bagging trust ia being over hauled by the House Committee on Maim factures, and a conference on the same question is going on here among repre sentatives of the Farmers' Alliance. Capr. William A. Darden, of Greene county, i in the city for that purpose. Mr. Simmons' bill providing for a new revenue steamer at New Berne has jmssed both Houses and gone to the President. The President anti his two companions, Commissioner Miller and Private See ret ar Lamont, have returned from their fishing excursion in West Virginia. Senator Yanwe will be one of the speak ers at the District meeting in honor of Thur man's visit on the Pith hist. Mr. J. S. Tomlinson, has been promoted from a salary of $ 1,400 to one offl.soo and transferred from the first Auditor's to the Secretary's office, Treasury Depart ment. Senator Ransom han returned from political speech-making at Jones' Springs, Warren county, N. C. V Major MeClammy, who has Uen absent in North Carolina, is prepared to predn t that Fowle will win by 20,000 majority. Visitors: Thomas W. Strange, Wilming ton; A. B. Andrews, Raleigh; Messrs Watson, of Rockingham, and Bonner, oi Aurora. Major Latham has returned to the House. -. The Democrats ol Transylvania have nominated the following ticket: For the House, Jno. II. Paxton; for Sheriff, B. C. Batson; for Treasurer, Nathan McMiua; for Register, T. H. Galloway. Our friend, Capt. J. P. Dever, was chairman of the convention. The editor of the Chronicle, while in the West, heard from good au thority that in Transylvania the Demo crats are in good fighting trim and that success is already assured.