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The State Chronicle
5,300 SUBSCRIBERS! HIGH WATER MARK. Tfcs Slate Chronicle fcSThe CHRONlCIiE is the regularly adopted Organ ol the Democratic party in North Carolina. It will lead the fight against Radical ism. : '"The State Chronicle lias .-,: DO Bona Fide Subscri bers Just Three Times as many as it had Three Years Ap;o. Advertisers make a Not i of this. A SOVTHIRN PAiflLY NRWSPAFSR FOR TOWN ATV1 COUNTRY, OKVOTIJD TO THK VELFAHP. OF NOKT1I CAROLINA. AND THI SOUTH. VOL. XVIII. RALEIGH, N. C, FRIDAY. NOVEMBER 10, L888. NO. 41. THE EDITOR'S DESK. ( OMMENT8 ON TOPICS THAT ARE IN I KRESTINi; THE PEOPLE. I'lir Chronicle Expresses Its Opinion on ln.ine Public Events and Questions ol Interest Now Betore the People. The Republican National Executive Com mittee, so it is said, speut $3,000,000 to H i Harrison. Evidently President Fos- t er Hg ! c: ;nd Chairman Quay succeeded in "fry ' the "fat" out of tho millionaire manu- i snow how little the Cabinet mak w ho are now busy fixing up a Cabinet r. for President Harrison, know about their M if-irrixwd tax, we notice that one of them says that Judge T. A. Little, of North Carolina, is to be Attorney General. He probably meant Judge Thomas Settle. We kf;ret to know that the Franklin ton Dispatch has suspended. We are re quested to sav that any one who wishes to purchase a good newspaper outfit cau get i y applying to R. F. Morris, at Frank linton, N. C. Write to him and get terms etc. He will not sell his Job Office, but will do cheap Jot Printing all the time. We wish mi ch joy to the Southern white man who can rejoice in the election of Benjamin Harrison to the Presidency; but we thank the good Lord that there are not mmy of us, comparatively, built that way. Generally speaking blood is thicker than w.t-r This is essentially the victory of the black man and the South-hater. Matt svi.le Landmark. n il i;iMii friend, the editor of the Mc Dowell Bugle, thus closes his editorial upon the late Democratic disaster, and there is a grim sort of pathos about it that ni ikts it positively the best thing we have read since the election: "This is a gloomy day. The writer is sick physically and mentally, and with thes- hurried lines will dismiss the subject for the present."' . - - In "i'E position, in regard to the sign ing of Republican bonds, we admit noth ii 'ir ti a' .-avors of personal malice or indi vidual vmdictiveness. We are opposed to Republican supremacy on principle. He who goes upon the bond of a Republican l lentmes hiniselt with tne Keputrncan paity and becomes its security. A Demo cratic Republican bondsman is au absur (I -y. As well speak of a an infidel Chris- :: an. ,New Berue Journal. - - - Let this kind of good work go on. The grand jury of the Criminal Court of Shel by county, Tennessee, have returned in dictment against Benjamin Gratz, Ander son Gratz, L. "W. Jones, Joel Wood and Mr. Witrrtn, members of the firm of War Mi, Jones & Gratz, of St. Louis, the manipulators of the bagging trust. The indictment charges them with conspiring to buy up all the bagging in the market aad the outputs of mills for several months and to advance prices to double what they were before. Requisition papers will be applied for at once, and the indicted men will be taken to Tennessee for trial. . A Democrat may well philosophize as J... Turner did when running for the Leg islature once in Orange "They tell me," sa.i l he, "that I am going to be defeated. Want do 1 care for defeat? I ran for Con gress once in this district and got only 11 votes, but the next time I ran I had an overwhelming majority. Going to be de f -ated! What do I care for defeat? I am raDning for a principle." So, Democrat, von have fouwhr. not for office, not for rower merely, but for a principle. Princi ples are eternal. They may suffer, tem porarily the obscuration of defeat, but they live forever and only he is wise who lives by them and dies by them. States- ville Landmark. . j The Constitutional amendment increas ing the Supreme Court Justices to five has been undoubtedly carried, although in some counties the people voted against it, as in Yadkin where 707 were east "For Amendment" and 795 "Against Amend ment," and in Anson where a majority of the people voted against the Amend met. In other counties the vote is small for the Amendment with none or very few against it. It only requires a majority of the votes cast to carry it, and the major ity is so large that it appeals now to bv carried almost unanimously. J udges Avery and Shepherd are elected beyond doubt by a majority of not less than 13.000, although the Chronicle thinks it will be nearer 15,000. CATAWBA HOLDS THE BANNER. 1 he earliest returns last week stated that Catawba county had given a Democratic majority of 1,604. This was correct. They also stated that Cleveland county had given a Democratic majority of 1,800. The Chronicle supposed that both these state ments were correct, and hence concluded that Catawba had lost and Cleveland had won the Democratic banner. This stirred up the Chronicle's friends in Catawba and not less than half a dozen of them have written us sending us the vote and calling upon us to make the correction. Chairman Abel A sh n ford writes, "Catawba's ma- ir,tv fr py.-i ia 1.604. and she still holds the banner by 99 majority." Mr. E L. Shu ford writes: "ffc Vat Cleveland county 100 ma lonty. Don't fail to make this correction m your next issue, and let your reauers. know that Catawba still holds the Banner and is the place all good Democrats go to when they die." The official vote is in Catawba, for Fowle 2,:?C0, for Dockery 756 -majority for Fowle l,i04; in Cleveland, for Fowle 2,269, for Dockery 764 -majority for Fowle 1,505. This gives Catawba the banner by 99 ma jority. Perhaps our Cleveland friends will give as the reason why they did not get the bauner, the same one that Tom Dixon gave four years ago when he said that very body voted for Vance for Sheritl, Consta ble, Register of Deeds and all other c nices, and didn't, know anybody else was run :iing. The race betwt en these two "O" counties is close. Both have Democracy of the right kind! CHAIRM AN WHITAI Kit. The smoke of battle has cleared away aud we can row clearly dis-em the extent of our victory in North Carolina last week. When it is remembered that i:i 1886 the Democrats lost the House of Representa tives and the State Senate was close, and it is now evident that we have both of the branches of our General Assembly by a large majority, the value of our victory is seen. The Republicans entered the pres ent campaign flashed with victory, with their strongest man as a candidate for Governor, and with plenty of the sinews of w ar. The contest has been a hard one, and our success has been gained only by work of the most persistent kind. The victory has been won by no man or no few men. It was won by the great Democratic host. At the same time to the lender of the Democratic forces the Demo crats owe a debt of gratitude and highest appreciation Chairman Wh'taker began an early campaign and he has given his whole time and attention to the manage ment of the canvass. No labor has been too arduous for him. He has worked with diligence, wisdom, and method. He has forgotten his own interests in serving the party. The result of Tuesday's election shows that he carried the campaign to a successful issue. The people everywhere rallied under his leadership and we won. To Chairman Whitaker, the Chronicle, speaking for the party, tenders its highest appreciation and deepest sense of grati tude. IR. MITCHELL'S .MONt'.M EXT. Contributed. At the last meeting of the EHsha Mitch ell Society of our University, Prof. Graves was in the chair. The Chapel was filled by an intelligent audience gathered to hear Dr. W. B. Phillips tell the stories connect ed with his labors in raising the monu ment to Dr. Mitchell on Mitchell's High Peak. This lecture described the scientific process by which Dr. Mitchell was led to suspect the surpassing height of that mountainous mass. It included a sketch of the topography of the Black Mount its peaks, ridges, trails, ravines, and streams, and of its condition when Dr. Mitchell essayed an ascent and examina tion, marvellous even in the eyes of hardy hunters of bear, panther and deer. And it recorded the methods adopted in the first, intermediate and final surveys, with the success of the wonderful and now his--torical undertaking. Dr. Phillips got the old hunter, Big Tom Wilson, to go with him over the route ou which he followed the footsteps of Dr. Mitchell from the top of his Hign Peak to his fatal fall, and so has been ie to correct some raisconcep- tions concerning that trail and that fall. The lecturer is known as a man of strong body, clear head, energetic will and per sistent purpose able to tell what he has seen and done in a very attractive style. And he has done a good work for the memory of his grandfather's friend aud associate in the cause of Science for many vears at our University. This monument of Zinc !oure has been erected through the piety of Dr. Mitchell's voungest daughter, the late Mrs. Eliza Grant, of Statesvide, N. C. It was cast in sections, at Bridgeport, Conn., and transported from the W. N. C. R. R. at the Black Mountain station to its final rest in place by ox-teams and on men's should ers, at a cost of some 750. A road had to be made from the end of the ox-trail for some ten miles up and down several peaks of iho Ulnek Mountains. Trees were cut down and cut out rocks were blasted, fillips filled, storms encountered and g,-.-. , many hardships endured, the tale th Dr. Phillips told ought to be repeated to the youths of North Carolina that they may admire the heroic deeds of their fel low citizen's honor those who love Science, and emulate their self-denial and energy. It was a tale well told, and worthy of be-in- well told. Although hundreds of visitors climb Mitchells High Peak every year, now that it is more accessible, a greater number can resort there to enjoy the scenery and the consciousness of stand ing on the highest point this side of the Rocky Mountains to witness a sunrise from an unbroken horizon, to descend to the pool consecrated to the memory of Dr. Mitchell, and gaze into its deep, dark waters still jealously guarded from all profanation by Big Tom Wilson who will always regard himself as the founder of Monlmentcm aire perennh s. Let all Contribute Something. Rev. Dr. B- F. Dixon, Superintendent of theOxford Orphan Asylum, sends the Chronicle the following request: "Please call the attention of the readers of your valuable paper, in your locals, to Thanksgiving day, which will be the 29th of November, and to the fact that the Ox ford Orphan Asylum now has 245 children within her walls, and needs a generous flwintr from the good people of North Carolina and Thanksgiving day, to help her "-et these "little ones" through the winter months." The First Marriage. From Chicago News "T Hnn't sav marriage is a failure," said Adam, candidly, as he sat down on a log ,,at ntsidfi the Garden of Eden, and ii-orl hnnorilv at the fruit on the other side of the wall, "but if I had remained single this wouldn't have happened." Gilded five cents are going for five dollar gold pieces, but Dr. Buirs Cough Syrup needs no gilding to make it go. kTi0 AND (JO AT ONCE. HO NOT STANH IPON THE ORDER OF VOl) It GOING, HUT GO." That Was the Message E. J. Jordan, the Radical, ho Inspired the Burning ot C. B. Green's House Received. The Chronicle deprecates the recent oc currence in 1 Hirham by which one Eld ridge Jordan was made to leave that town and go where the climate would le more suitable to his health. Jordan was a great hand to stir up trouble between the races and between the poor and the rich. lie had never lived anywhere long, and had been driven out of more than one town before coming to Durham because of his conduct. It has been known to all well informed North Carolinians since elec tion day that the people of Durham have been in a great state of anxiety and that the tow n has been guarded every night. . On the day of the election a large number of negroes were not allowed to vote, some because they were ex convicts, some because they were under age, some because they had not lived in the town the time required by law all of them for one legal impediment or another. This in censed the negroes, and they were incited by white Radicals on that very night to first saturate in kerosene oil and then set fire to the residence of Mr. Caleb B. Green, Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee of Durham county. Mr. El- d rid see J. Jordan, the Republican candi date for Constable had a great deal fo say, and suspicion pointed to him as the insti gator of this hellish deed. The people hourly feared the town would be burned. Excitement ran up to the highest pitch. A committee went to Mr. Jordan and notified him that he must leave Durham at a cer tain hour. He did not leave, aud was again notified. At 10 o'clock that day he was taken from Mr. A. M. Riggsbee's store in a carriage and was carried rapidly out of tow n. What was the object of those who took him is not known. The Chron icle has it from a gentleman who was con nected with the affair that no harm was intended. It was merely intended to get rid oi so undesirable a citizen. I 'apt. E. J. Parrish feared that they would injure the man and he galloped after the carriage and at his suggestion the man was brought back to Durham, Jordan agreeing to leave town if the money was furnished him, anil Capt. Parrish and Mr. J. S. Carr promis ing to furnish it. The next day, tickets were bought for Jordan and his family to Boston, and he went away shaking oft' the dust oi ms teet as a testimony against Durham. We repeat that we deprecate this occur rence, nut we most deprecate tnat w men caused it. The people of Durham were doubtie-s unduly excited; perhaps, they used measures rather severe. Bat who blames them? Threatened nightly that the town would le burned by negroes, in stigated theieto by unprincipled white men, it was but natural that they should be wrought up to a high pitch of excite ment. If Jordan had to pay the penalty, he has only his own conduct to thank for it. His intemperate and incendiary utter ances, his suspicious conduct, his willing ness to see his white ueighbor.-. burned alive and their property destroyed these caused the people to give him a summary ejectment from their town. It was not because of his politics that caused thepeo ple to tell him to go, because quiet, law abiding Republicans can live as securely and safely in Durham as in Boston. But it was his incendiarism. It would, pi r haps, have been better to have put a Watch over Jordan's actions and to have allowed him quietly to pursue his daily occupation unmolested. But who can do the wi-est thing and be most discreet when the dan ger of a negro massacre and incendiary fire and the burning of wives and children are impending and imminent? The Chronicle is glad that the people of Durham restrained their passion enough to content themselves with dismissing the instigator of the burning of Mr. Green's house. Think of it! The negroes and their abettors knew when they set lire to the house that Mrs. Green and her chil dren were asleep alone in the house. They barely escaped with their lives. The man who would suggest such a hellish crime to ignorant and excited negroes is unfit to live with honest people, and for him hang ing is too good. If Jordan did not incite the negroes to the crime, if he was innocent, and if the suspicion strongly resting upon him had not good foundation, the people of Dur ham are to be severely censured. They have done a great wron. But if his con duct and his conversation warranted them in supposing that Jordan was the insti gator of the burning of Mr. Green's house and if hisowu guilty conscience made him fear the violence of the outraged people of Durham, then the people of Durham did quite right in giving him his passports, paying his fare, and telling him to "git." He ought to be thankful that he saved his neck. We think we know the people of Durham and we do not believe that Jor dan was sent awav for naught. If le had behaved himself and not been an in cendiary, he would be living in Durham quietly in undisturbed peace to-day. No town can harbor a man who plots to secure its burning, or instigates killing its citi zens. THE SEQUEL. Jordan is now in Boston posing as a Martyr, and trying to work on the preju dices of the people to the South. The following from Tuesday's New York ? orld gives Jordan's theory and his whereabouts: "Boston, Nov. 12. A family of ten per sons arrived in Boston yesterday from North Carolina. Elbridge J. Jordan, the head of the family, is a native of Free port, Me., and a veteran of the war. Two years ago he went to Durham, N. C, where he has kept a small store for the sale of fruit. Mr. Jordan, who has al ways been a Republican, makes t lie fol lowing statement: Last Tuesday he was a candidate for the office of constable. The man iu charge of the polls challenged more than two hun dred colored voters, some of whom had been known as voters for the last two years, and en account of this deiay there were about a hundred colored voters wi'h Republican ballots in their hands when the polls closed. The next forenoon it was announced that the Democratic can didate was elected by 52 votes. There w.is some talk about contesting the elec tion. Wednesday, at midnight, Mr. Jor dan was awakeued and called to his door. Here he found seven or eight men, with handkerchiefs covering their faces. They ordered him not to go from his house he fore 6 o'clock in the morning, but to leave town on the 8 o'clock train. Mr. -Ionian did not succeed in catching the 8 o'clock train, and an hour later, while he was in a store, three men enter ed, hurried him out to a carnage nd drove oil' with the avowed intention ot killing him. Some of the leading biisin-ss men of the town, although Democrats, fearing that a political murder would r licet severely upon the town, overtook the party and the would-be murderers were persuaded to take Mr. Jordan back to his home, but they told him thev could not control the worst elements sufficiently to protect him if he remained; and so, 1. av ing everything iu the house and store and taking almost nothing except the clothing they wore, the family left the town at noon, the men w ho had rescued Mr. Jor dan providing money to pay traveling ex penses to Boston." This statement is not the truth, as we are informed. There was no intention of killing Jordan. It was only determined to make him leave the tow n. The men who told him to leave were not the "worst elements" but good, law-aliiding citizens They can stand the slander of this "lewd fellow of the baser sort" better than i he fear of fire that nightly hung like a heavy pail over the town. To Capt. Parrish and Mr. C.trr, and other gentlemen whose coolness and fore- sightedne.-.s caused them to oaictlv s nd I the man to Btistou where he could no longer inflame the negroes, the whole State is indebted, li' the man had been turned loose in the county near Durham w ithout money it would have been a hard ship and he would be here to propace his wicked schemes. As it is, without in jury, he is landed safely in Boston where he may denounce ns all he pleases. We can stand that better than the torch SENATOR RANSOM. Our Correspondent Thinks we are For tunate to Have Him in the Svnate. Special Cor. State Chronicle. J Washington-, D. C, Nov. V2, 18 Now that we are to have a Republican President in the Senate, North Carolina will have the advantage of many of her sister Southern States. Senator Ransom is not only the personal friend of Presi dent elect Harrison, but he has the re-.-;ect and confidence of nearly every man who is iu a Cabinet probability. He is an accomplished parliamentarian, is suave and persuasive. He knows the ropes and his experience m these four years of pos sible trial to come, will le worth trie un tried wisdom .of any other three men in the State of North Carolina put together. He can have weight iu choosiug your Re publican marshals, attorneys, postmast ers &c. These officials you will have changed within sixty daps after the 4th of next March. In the hands a consummate diplo mist aud unswervering Democrat like Sen ator Ransom, the State need not fear that the worst element of the Republican party will be put conspicuously to ihe front by the incoming administration. For in stance, if such a man as the Hon. S. F. Philips is again made Solicitor-General of the L lined Mates, very tew ot tne good people of N'orth Carolina will have any objections to offer. In the local offices given out by Federal power, it may be possible to l:ir! men of approximate char acter and ability to Mr. Pi ilips. The Re publicans in the State will have nothing to gain, aud certainly a reat deal to lose, if they attempt te hoist their worst men into these local offices Senator Vance is also very popular, and everybody knows is a tna'ch for any of them ou the floor of the Senate Together, these two dis tinguished gentlemen can check the worst Republican elements in the Stale, with a man like Harrison. Granville. A PHILOSOPHER IN DEFEAT. The President Takes a Common Sense View of Tilings. From N. Y. Herald. A correspondent of the Herald asked the President for his views on the result of the election. Mr. Cleveland said: "You desire to learn, you say, to what cause I attribute our loss of New York. T answer frankly that 1 dont know, I should say" and the President laughed quietly "that it was mainly because the other party had the most votes. Your remark when you first entered the room indicates that you regard me as indifferent to the result. 1 am not indfferent. I look upon the situ ation from a practical and common sense standpoint. It is not a personal matter. It is not proper to speak of it. eithe'. a my victory or as my defeat. It was a con test between two great parties, battling for the supremacy of certain well defined principles. One party has won and the other has lost that is all there is to it." "Do you think, Mr. President, that Hill acted in good faith toward you?' The President laid down a bundle of papers he had been holding in his hand, and with more earnestness than he had previously displayed, said: "1 have not the slightest doubt of Gov ernor Hill's absolute good faith and hon esty iu the canvass. Nothing has ever occuriel to interrupt our kindly relations since wc ran on the ticket together as Governor and Lieutenant Governor. " '1 would like to inquire, Mr. President, how Mrs. Cleveland bears your defeat?"' "Oh, she feels about it just as I do. You know the defeat brings its compensa tions. We shall now have some time to ourselves and can live more as other folks do " "Shall you continue your residence at Oak View, or return to Buffalo?" "I haven't give that subject a thought; nor shall I for the present. There is no hurry about it. My future movements are as yet wholly unsettled." We have heard many of our friends say that Salvation Oil cured them of rheu matism. Those who have not tried it, shoultl do so. Onr druggists selLit for twenty-five cents a bottle. BASE INGRATITUDE. HOW CLEVELAND'S 1EKS TsE.IOICEI) IN OFFICE IIOI,. II IS lEFEAT. Our Correspondent Thinks that Harri son will Pursue ;i Coiiciliaioi y Policy Towards the South. Special Cor. State Chronicle. Washington, D. C, Nov. 13, 188 Last Tuesday night 1 was on Pennsyl vania Avenue until a late hour with a parry of Democratic friends. We took our positions in front of one of the stereopti cons on which the bulletins were posted elated with the thought that within one hour at least the returns from New York would confirm our hopes that Cleveland's magnificent and almost unparallelled ad ministration would receive the endorse ment of his own fellow citizens. As I passed the Republican headquarters on Thomas Circle i noticed thousands of peo ple gathered together, and wondered why they were shouting so lustily. Investiga tion proved that the crowd was composed mostly of Republican ofBcids and their Jamilies. aud that they weie yelling over the returns from King's county. These officials, you must bear in mind, have been kept in office for t lie past three years and a half because the majority of Mr. Cleve land's secretaries saw7 fit to strain the let ter and the spirit of the Civil Service law teyotid its most liberal construction. As 1 have condemned them for it in this col umn of the Chronicle for all that length of time, and as 1 have repeatedly said that 2I tv Cleveland diJ not require nor endorse .such a course, it is useless to upbraid them now. Mr. Bayard whose house was near, Mr. Endicott, whose residence was within hearing of the mob, Mr. Garland and even Justice Lamar probably realized be fore they went to sleep t hut night, how much gratitude they might expect from the horde of partisan Republicans who.se enforced and treacherous silence found v ent that night in shouts of triumph which made the streets of Washington resound as if" an orgie of how ling Dervishes was in fuli bias., i.ieredulous, and thinking the Republican retui ns were doctored for ef fect, we proceeded to the Jackson Demo- rat ie Cum where returns were displayed to a crowd ten times as large, inese are Democrats. I thought, and when a long loud 'hurrah'' was heard 1 looked up' to read good news. Instead, it was the vote of Kiag's county, and against Cleveland: i his enoruiuus assembly of men, women and children, stood almost in sight of the pillars of the White House, and whu'e the man whose leniency had fed and clothed them, sat, surrounded by frier dsto receive the verdict of his country men. The shouts nuist have puzzled him. I tneu turned my attention to studying the f ices of the crew that surrounded me. Many of them fairly gloated over the President's tvidtnt defeat ne shrewd, disreputable looking viiliari ,-eemed to have some private iu forma'ion, and -urrounded by a number of brother officials, he figured up a sate Republican majority. 1 srnih d at him aud made up my mmd then aud there to try and have him "bounced" for ofieiiMve uess on Nov. 15th: I wouid and could not believe that Harrison was elected un til Wednesday, 0 o'clock p. m , when I sent ttie OiiRoMCLK its first special. The wires were so overloaded, 1 notice that, and subsequent speci tls were a'oout three hours in reaching you. Tho.-e specials contained the latest and most reliable news, and they bore to your readers the tidings of a National calamity. The causes of the disaster are various. Cleveland is not to biame in any particular, and to day and forever he is greater, nobler, grander in his defeat than any President pi the Pnited States since Thomas Jefferson. Tne tariff issue was a necessity of the sit uation aud is to-day, must he for years hence, t tie only line of demarcation be tween the great contending parties. The Democrats must educate the people up to that issue and four years hence let. Cleve land as their standard bearer, avenge the deeds of Nov. Cth, 1SS. Another cause is -f 1,000 000 was poured out to the venal vote of New York State during November by the Republican Committee. You re member Walter Page told me in an inter view published in the Chronicle recently what this venal vote would do. His words have been verified. Another cause of the defeat is that the Secretaries above refer red to kept in office (it was not :lcvehnd's business to turn them out) high officials who di I not come under the Civil Service law. These high Republican officials kept in partisans under them, and so on. En dicott's Department had been run by one John Tweedale, a partisan Republican chief clerk, some of whose exploits are on file in back numbers of the Chronicle. Lamar and Garland both seemed afraid to "turn the rascals out." Bayard is the chief offender in this particular. Not two months ago, I called by name Republicans whom he had favored and promoted to the exclusion of tried, true aud competent Democrats. If you had the space, I would recapitulate and tell how Second Assistant Secretary of State, Adee (a partisan Re publican) was promoted; how oue BryaL, was favored, how nearly every Bureau iu the Department has a Republican for ics head - but the story is an old one. I have written it, until I am weary of spelling the names of the traitors who received these emoluments and then speut their money and used the State secrets obtained through their official position to defeat the lest President under whom they ever served. Mr. K.tyard deserves some con side, ation at the hands of his Republican friends and I hereby nominate him for Senator foi the Legislature of Delaware is Republican, for t he first time in years: He has richly won the reward. The Dem ocrat ic nartv can dispense with his ser vices in the lnture. The House is close at best. Before this is printed, you will know definitely. But if it is not so now, it soon will be. The Republicans will admit all the Northwes tern Territories as States who can sub stantiate any kind of claim to that posi tion. This will give a good Repulican majority iu the House and probably a better one m the Senate. It may also increa-e the Republican chances for the Presidency in 1802. Major McKinley who wrote the platform on which the National victory was won, will be the Speaker of the Republican House. Harrison is no ogre. He is a shrewd, level-headed Republican, and he is a gen tleman of character. Moreover he is of Sout hern antecedents. His ancestors were Virginians and he is a near relative of the Randolphs, Lees and Carters of Virginia. I cannot help it, but I have an abiding laith in scions of such, or of similar stock. If he had lived in Virginia he would no doubt have been a Democrat. I hear from many sources that we have reason to ex pect from him an honest administration. 1 understand he is a man or great win power and it is not probable that such men as Blaine will dictate his policy. I karn also that the plan of the Republican man agers will be to conciliate the bourn, l hey cannot make our people Republicans, but they will please a great many when they carry out their programme already formu lated and announced, of repealing the en lire Infernal Revenue system. The s ich has no reason to despond. Her pr--perity does not depend on the emo'u'ii -uts of Federal office. The Re publics r s were in power in Washington during i;ie incipiency of Southern devel opment, and while a Democratic Admin istration puts a better class of politicians to the front, a Republican President with an army of Marshalls and Collectors, and Gaugers aud Postmasters, at his back cannot now7 impede her upward course. She has mines to be discovered and ex plored, vast unimproved acres to be work ed, timber lands to be utilized, crops of all sorts to be cultivated and the bone aud sinew as well as the brain of her popula tion will find more health, wealth and in dependence in developing these resources than running after office. It is a laudable and natural ambition for any Democrat to w ish to see his party in power. But as that cannot be until 1892 he must go reso lutely to work and hope for the best. This Republic is too firmly established for a change of Administrations to affect any part of it seriously. It is no small houor for any party to claim such a man and such an Administration as will make from 1884 to 188$ a notable era in the history of the United States. The man is the peer of any one whose names are written on America's roll call of fame: the Adminis tration has marked the return of universal prosperity and has spanned the gulf of sectional strife with the bridge of peace. For the first time io a quarter of a century the ex-Confederate has met the Federal on terms of absolute political and official equality. This state of things must return again, but that result will not be accomp lished by Democrats who whine about the loss of Federal patronage, nor by men who depend on any influence bat their own strung arms and common sense in fighting I he bat I les of this life. Cleveland takes his defeat in courageous silence. He blames no one, not even David Bennett Hill whose friends I believe purposely "knifed him." 1 hope I am mistaken in this. FOR SPEAKER OF THE IIOI SE. A Correspondent Nominates Ir. Augus tus Leazar, ot Iredell. Special Cor. State Chronicle. The Democratic majority in the House never had better material from which to choose a Speaker. Among the prominent members of the House is Capt. Chas. M. Cooke, of Franklin, than whom there is no better or truer Democrat. He was Speaker of the House in 1881 and filled the position with credit to himself and his party. There is Melvin E. Carter. Esq , of Buncombe, who stands at the head of the Western North Carolina bar and who would make au admirable Speaker. There is Thos II. Sutton, Esq., w ho is filling his second term and who was re-elected by a d cided majority after one of the hardest fought campaigns waged in the State. He would make a fine Speaker. There are other men, Messrs. C. C. Lyon, of Bladen; R A. Doughtou, of Alleghany, and others who would grace the chair and make ex cellent presiding officers. There is no lack of good material from which to select a man. Recognizing the worth and ability of all these gentlemen, 1 nominate for Speaker of the House, Mr. Augustus Leazar, of Iredell. He is the veteran member of the House, having been a member every ses sion since 1SS1. He was a candidate in 1887 and recived the next highest vote to Ix'e S. Overman, Esq., who was the caucus nominee. He was one of the ablest and most trusted of our leaders of that House, as he has been in every House since he was a member. He is a first class parliamentarian and will have no superior in the House. He is quick to act aud he is fair aud impartial. He is a man who would put the members on committees where they would do the most good in legislation - and he would not place his friends in places simply because they were his friends. Mr. Leazar has at least this advantage over the other gentlemen he has more experience m legislation. He comes from Iredell a great Democratic county and he is a Democrat of Democrats. He is a far mer and a business man, and at oue time iu his lire he was a school teacher. He is, therefore, peculiarly the representative of the farming aud mercantile interests of the State. The day has come when the party is giving more recognition to men in these pursuits. A manufacturer and farmer (Col. Thos. M. Holt) will preside over the Senate. How appropriate it would be for a farmer and business man to pre side over the House. Mr. Leazar was Col. Holt's competitor for the nomination for Lieutenant Governor and was defeated for the nomination by a small majority. Col. Holt has the honor he sought. Why not give Mr. Leazar the houor he desires, and make him Speaker of the House? The farmers in the State know Mr. Leazar to be a true and honorable man, broad, patriotic, and honest, and they would feel honored to have him elevated to the Speakership. They know Capt. Cooke and Capt. Carter and Mr. Sutton, all lawyers, to be their true friends, and they have no prejudice towards them nor their calling, but they would like to have a farmer as Speaker. Lawyers are neces sary there are as good lawyers as there are good farmers and those farmers who advoeat" Mr. Leazar di so solely because they belicre mm as well qualified as any man and because of his services. Mem bers are asked to vote for him not because he is a farmer only but because he is worthy. They are asked not to go against him because he is a farmer. Let merit and service win. X. FOR IJ. S. SEN A I OR. A Wayne County Farmer Placed Capt S. II. Alexander in Nomination. Special Cor. State Chronicle. Wayne Co., N. C, Nov. 9. The smoke is clearing away from the late victory gained by the Democrats; but there is oue other contest to engage our people as a family, because the Democrats have it all on their side. The Legislature is Demo cratic and they will be called upon to select a U. S. Senator, and it is the atten tion of those representatives that we wish to attract by calling to their minds the fact that there is a farmer in North Caro lina who will grace the position of U. S. Senator with credit to himself and honor a calling which needs all the help it is possible to give. S. B. Alexander is the man. F. A. Ramek. Favors Ransom. Elizabeth City News. Our rooster crows because Gen. Ransom will succeed himself in the Senate. FK0M MUKHIY TO MANTE0. SOME Til IN GS THAT A H E HAPPEN ING IN NORTH CAROLINA. What Has Happened iu the Good Old State Since the Chronicle Last Greeted Its Readers. Postal Card News. The friends of the Chronicle in every section of the State are requested to aid us in making this de partment an accurate record, in brief, of the news from Murphy to Manteo. Send us a postal card whenever anything of public interest transpires in your neigh borhood or section of country. You will aid us and give prominence to your sec tion. Send ou the postal cards. Editor. Some farmers in Stokes are feeding their hogs tobacco as a preventive of cholera. The Synod of the Southern Province of the Moravian church assembles in Salem on November 20th. ....The North Carolina and Virginia Conference of the Christian church is in session at Youngsville. Rev. J. U. New man preached the opening sermon. . . . .Granville county has now seventy four miles of railroad. There was not an inch of track in the same territory less than ten years ago. Oxford News. ....A boiler exploded at the Durham Builders and Manufacturers Supply Co. Monday. Four persons were injured though none were dangerously hurt. Miss Molly Bethune, a young lady of Richmond county, N. C, found a deer brought to bay by a pack of dogs near her house and killed it with a case knife. . . . .Governor Scales respited Millie Po teat (the negro woman who was to have been hanged at Yancey ville yesterday,)un til December 7. Arson was her crime. .... A full-blooded Cherokee Indian was last week put in the penitentiary. He is Tom Chicaibilla. and he both murdered and robbed another Indian. He gets 20 years at hard labor. ... .A small mill run was made at the Mann-Arrington mine a fewr days ago which returned at the rate of f 1,000 a day. The ore run was above the average. Nashville Argonaut. Fairview Academy, W. T. Whitsett, Principal, is enjoying the most prosperous session in the history of the school. The attendance is unusually full. This school is near Gibsonville, N. C. ....The Fayetteville Observer an nounces that several Northern parties have engaged rooms at Hotel La Fayette for the winter. There is no reason why many of them should not spend the win ter iu our State. The Progressive Farmer says: "The Durham Fertilizer Company is the first to offer its gnano in cotton bags. It makes a neat package. The farmers all over the South are calling for cotton baling and cotton bags for guano, corn, oats, A:c., and they are going to have it." The abundance of partridges in the country this season has attracted the at tention of Lonilard and a party of New York friends, who will be down this way in a few weeks and make Stovall their headquarters. They have had about thirty five hunting dogs in training there for some time. Oxford News. . . .Durham's tobacco business is stead ily on the increase. This is clearly shown by the revenue receipts at the Durham of fice. Mr. Foster has kindly furnished us with the receipts for October and they foot up $72,273.77. This is an increase of very nearly 9,000 over last, month, the receipts for September being $63,332.7. Durham Recorder. ....The Orange county Observer says Mr. Archibald Andrews, of Orange, voted the straight Democrat ic ticket atJCates' pi e cinct on the Gth. The old gentleman is 101 years old. He is an inveterate pos sum hunter and spends, or did spend, a few years ago, half his winter night in the woods, his catch during the season amount ing to between 90 and 120 'possums. The Augusta Exposition will be held Nov. Gth and D?c. 13th inclusive. Ten day tickets can be bought at the fol lowing rates: Greensboro, N. C, $10.70; Salisbury, $9.00; Charlotte, $7,45; States - ville, $9.00; Asheville, $8.70; Henderson ville, $7.10; Hot Springs, '.).15; Hender son, $13.60: Goldsboro, $13.40; Selma, $13.40; Raleigh, 12.45; Durham, $12.45. Samuel C. White has been released from Wake jail. His bondsmen are Messrs. H. L Fentress, J. P. Sorrell and E. M. Nadal. Both Cross and White will apply to the Supremo Court, so it is said, for a writ of error. The Chronicle thinks the wisest thing they could do would lie to submit to their sentence and go to the workhouse. They will be out all the soon er than by these legal delays, for there is no hope for their escaping punishment. ....Mr. Gavin Hyman, Clerk of the Inferior Court of Halifax county, was found dead and burned to a crisp in his office in the Court House at Halifax on the morning of Nov. 10th. It is supposed that he had retired, leaving his lamp burning, and that the bed clothing had cautrht fire therefrom. The fire burned through the plank floor, but the fact that the house is of brick, w ith a brick floor beneath the wood, saved the building from destruction. ....Mr. W. A. Crowder in calling to nav for his Aurora, remarked to us that he has a wife and six children, yet he never bought in his life any supplies for his family, makes his own hog and homi ny. He stated that he still retains the first little coat that he wore when a little boy, thirty six years ago, has his wedding coat which he wore seventeen years ago, keeps as a souvenir the first gold dollar he ever had as it was given to him by his father for catching moles at five cents a head. Shelby Aurora. A High Tribute to a True Man. LFrom Windsor Ledger. The election of the Hon. Alphonso C Avery to the Supreme Court bench will give North Carolina an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court second to none who has ever adorned that august body. He is an able and a learned judge and dis charged his duty while Superior Court Judge with great ability and impartiality. Renews Her Youth. Mrs. Pho'be Chesley, Peterson, Clay Co., Iow a, tells the follow ing remarkable story, the truth of which is vouched for by the residents of the town: "I am 73 years old, have been troubled with kidney complaint and lameness for many years; could not dress myself without help. Now I am free from all pain and soieuess, and am able to do all my own housework. I owe my thanks to Electric Bitters for having renewed my youth, and removed completely all disease and pain." Trv a bottle, onlv 50c. at Lee. Johnson J & Co.'s Drug Store. FOR SPEAKER OF THE HOI SE. A Oeni.M rat Places C. C. Lyon, Em,., ol Bladen, ju Nomination. Special Cor. State Chronicle. Raleigh, N. C, Nov. 12. -Now that the right is over and the people have shown their confidence in a Democratic Legisla ture to take care of the affairs of North Carolina, the question naturally arises, who shall enjoy the honor of presiding over the next House of Representatives as Speaker. We conclude without hesitation, that, other things being equal, such honor should be given to the member who, in the late campaign, did the most with the best results for Democracy did the most to exempt the State from Radical rule and ruin. In this connection, without further prelude, we wish to call the attention of the members elect of the next House to the claims of C. C. Lyon, Esq., of Bladen county, and to urge his election on the. following grounds and for the following very potent reasons: 1st. C. C. Lyon has redeemed Bladen county from the Republicanism and placed her among the Democratic counties. With a negro voting population almost equal to the white, and enough shrewd white Re publicans to rally them together, Bladen county has, since thi war, be, mi in the hands of the Republicans, and her re demption seemed all but hopeless. Two years ago C. C. Lyon was nominated by the Democratic party for the Legislature and by a vigorous fig t secured" his ow n election by a small ma. ity, but the State ticket was defeated iL the county by a majority of about one mndred. Receiv ing the nomination for .-he House again in 1888, he went into the field almost alone, and the amount and cl aracter of his work can only be estimated oy the results: Be sides electing a Democrat to every county office by majorities ranging fi 'om 1 7o to 380 she sends up a majority for the State and National ticket, of 170. 2nd. He defeated tho stronge: t man in the Republican party in his county. W. J. Sutton, his opponent, was for ten years Sheriff of the county, enjoys a vast amount of personal popularity, and was never be fore defeated indeed his boast was that no man could come within 300 votes of him before the people of Bladen county. C. C.Lyon, however, has compelled him to come down from his lofty eyrie, take his place among the rest of tho Radical ducks where he'll roost low the balance of his days. 3rd. He is a good parliamentarian. He served in the last Legislature, uot only to the eminent satisfaction of his constitu ents, but so as to distinguish himself in the estimation of his colleagues as one of the most prominent memliersof that body. Thus becoming familiar with parliament ary usage, he has frequently been called on to preside over Congressional, county aud other conventions aud deliberative assemblies in recognition of h is knowledge, of parliamentary laws. On these grounds, then, ve urge the election of Bladen county's ! ivorite son to the Speakership of the next House of Representatives of North Carolina, and unless some member show sen cos greater, in connection with better qua':,, teat ions, (J. C. Lyon is entitled to the honor. I tKMOCRAT. HON. F. M. SIMMONS. He has Done Great Good to the Cause ot Democracy in the Secon l District. Speciid Cor. to State Chronicle. The defeat of Hon. F. M. Simmons for Congress in this district is a b ow that our people feel keenly. They feci that one of the most useful men in the National Con gress has been displaced by an incompe tent negro. They feel that the people of tho district both white an 1 black de sired his election, and that it was only the money of the protectionists of the North that prevented him from completely over coming the majority that this district is expected to give the Republican ticket. Ihey feel that the brave fight that he made in Congress in the interest of tariff reform, that his efforts to break the infa mous Cotton Bagging Trust, contributed largely to his defeat. 1 bewail, with all our people, the de feat of so splendid a champion of the people's rights. The State needs the services of such men as Mr. Simmons. His labors in this district contributed largely to the magnifi cent victory that has crowned the efforts of the good people of North Carolina. Judge Fowde's majority would have been much less but for th'? work of our able Congressman in this ''strict in arousing and organizing the p ple. The greatest gains made in the Sta .i were made in the second district, and t Hon. F. M. Sim mons and the earnest patriotic men who stood by him iu the contest, does the honor belong. Had G rover Cleveland been elected, wo do not doubt but that Mr. Simmons would have been called from private life to servo his country in some honorable and useful position. Since the great calamity of his defeat has fallen on us, there is no possi bility that he will be called to the servico of his country by the National Govern ment. There is one position in our own State that is, it seems to me, decided I to tho interest of North Carolina that Mr. Sim mons should be elected to fill. That po sition is the presidency of the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad. Far several; years Mr. Simmons was State's proxy for that road; he has been conversant with its condition and needs from his boyhood: he lives at New Berne, among the people who have lx.cn most heavily taxed to pay for the construction of the road; he is a business man of few equals; has the confidence of the peoplo as few men have been able to gain; he would engage in no factional fight with other railroads, and would therefore bo able to secure the best possible freight rates for the people along the lino of tho Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad. Possessing all these elements of fitness for the position, it would be a graceful tribute to the jieople of the entire Second Congressional district, as well as a pru dent business arrangement for the State, if Governor Fowle when he takes his seat in the capitol at Raleigh would ap point, or cause to Iks elected, Hon. F. M. Simmons President of the Atlantic and North Carolina Railroad, which is a picco of State and county property. Second District Democrat. Farmers' National Congress. Commissioner liobinson has secured greatly reduced rates for delegates to tho National Farmers' Congress, which meets atTopeka, Kan., Nov. 14th, and a full delegation from this State will attend. The State is entitled to twice a many rep resentatives ls there are representatives m the United States Congrt ss, four represent tatives at large and also the heads of Agrv cultural Bureaus and Colleges.