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Ths S?3?e Chronicle
The lAislature Will Soon
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RALEIGH, N. FRIDAY, JANUARY 1, 1880.
THE EDITOR'S DESK.
t om v kts on Tories th at akk
interesting Tin: i'i:orLK.
The ." 1 011 icle i:;:n'i' lt ()(!inin (.
I'r..:n Public Lxents and Ji(es(;
l lutcest N '.v Hetore t lie People.
TiK Wilmington Messenger has orions!
on it third half yearly volume. It is a big
;r. 1 useful newspaper creditable alike to
its publisher, the city of Wilmington, and
m tiie Commonwealth
. . .
lr 1.1 toss LIKE .Mr. A. Leazar, of Iredell,
will have a walk-over in the Democratic
caucus of the House of Represc utai ives in
the tieneral Assembly of the Si ate for the
Speakership nomination. Lenoir Topic.
A i.w riN(,ri!iF.i) North Carolina divine,
renew big his subscription to the Cmkovi
v :.k. say.-.: "I am not a politician, but put
me down as in favor of electing Leazar
Speaker of the House, and Daniels State
This notice stands at the head of the
local dvpartme.it of the Henderson Gold
Laf: "This paper is published for reve
u ic only. Gold not glory is what we are
working for. We say this for the benefit
of tho.-e who think a newspaper is pub
lished simply for the fun of the tiling."
The most keai tk-tl card we have seen
in many days was the one sent the Chron
icle by its friends, Messrs. Tyson & Jones,
cnterpi ising carriage manufacturers of
C irthage. We are gbid.in this connection,
to vote the continued prosperity and suc
cess of this firm. It has done a great work
for Moore county and the State as well,
and we extend to them our best wishes
that the New Year may be the happiest
ard most prosperous they have ever seen.
! e Senati r Dawes speaks for the Repub
lican party it is not likely that the Inter-
nai Revenue will soon be abolished
ar.d 'or inch." He sajs that he
r.-her abolish the Protective Sy
t be Internal Revei:
Ihe truth i- that
North Carolina and Virginia
are AOA1NST an abolition of
the Intt-ru.ii Revenue, and wnat
er we !
,: 1 as !
may or may not think of it, we
weU look at matters as they are.
ia nger signals.
From Richmond Christian Adv
;, ! u a recent communication to the Ciir x-l.-i.r
Dr. J. J. Mott, referring to the recent
ebetion. sri 1 that it was "v.-or. by white
people if this country for the Republic."!"!
party."" In this he was mistake::, f jr in
New York, Ohio, Illinois and Indiana -.-.t id
oilier Northern Stat- s the negroes held the
balance of power. They ued their pow.;r
to seen iv the ek ction of Mr. Harrison,
and. 1.;.. -e-nv. Mr Harrison o'.ves " -election
f the negro vote. Up in the
ular vote Cleveland his a
about I 'M, uM. Clevelan 1 got no nerio
vres, therefore Harrison owes his elee ion
to the negro vote and Dr. Mott is, there
fore, mistaken in his statement. Fcr his
information, we pubhsu the following ar
What a strange commentary on "free
institutions" is the fact that a majority of
a million and a half of white men voted
iu favor of Cleveland. Harrison will rule
by the will of ex-slaves. If there was not
an African in America Cleveland would
have an overwhelming majority. How
severe the strain on the republic when the
Ethiopians without the faintest notion of
the ballot take aw iy political power from
the majority of white citizen-! The An
glo Saxon, after centuries of civilization,
finds himself under the thrall of barbar
ians of recent remove from equatorial
Africa. The masters of the world become
the political slaves of its hereditary serfs.
Think of the government of England de
termined by the stupid vote of the freed
blacks of Hayti! That is the precise situ
ation in the United States.
A million of men, the best and bravest
butchered each other that a dull and be
sotted alien race might hold the balance
of power among the English speaking peo
ple. Consider also that the Chinese, who are
the greatest tribe of the East a nation
producing wonders in architecture, art,
finance, political economy are scouted
from our shores, while, the negro whose
,q?ivo land is lost a"ro-s the Mediterran
ean fro in Athens and Koine, and along
the same river with the wise 1rypti:irs,
vet never rising out of sloven savage iy in
all the centuries, remaining a brute aud
bondman throughout the ages, is the Czar
of America, the sooty and grotesque idol
of advanced s.totesmem It makes men
shudder for the sanity of our civilizaf iei.
The nearest illustration to this ubarrny
and odd confusion of common sense is
found iu the era of the Pharaohs. In the
tombs of ihe great IUnises-are huge bulls,
embalmed with all the skill and lavish
cost of a rare chemistry. These gro.s
beasts were held as sacred. A learned,
powerful and famous nation did homage
to this class of cattle. Such is the absurd
infirmity of great minds.
The worship of this Apis is-not more
surprising than the elevation of the im
ported "servile progeny of Ham to dicta
torship of the Anglo Saxon people in this
age aud country. We are ready to close
our gates even to the European with his
genius and history, but decree it a sacri
ler( to hint that a creature out of a rude
hut in a Southern swamp, with mind,
manners, and motives hard!;,' above a
gorilla, is not fit to direct and dominate
the "first nation in the fore files of time."
It is a psychical eccentricity. The hu
man mind, like the banyan tree, after see
ing the sun and shooting toward the ze
nith, stoops again to kiss the dirt.
These are the reflections that must force
themselves upon men who loathe "practi
cal polities"' but with the sea chart of
Listory before them mark the cu -rents
thai have wrecked empires. Patriots ught
to use the past as a lens to look int j the
future. The overthrow of a party has
only one significance, as directing the eye
to the quickening motion and whirl in the
rs that alarm. The uuelstrom is on
HI)! 'CATION A Ij TOPICS.
During the Christmas holidays there
were four important meetings of North
Carolina teachers held in thtstity. Three
of them were in session when theCiiRuM
ct.e went to press last week and brief men
tion was made of them under the head of
"F.iucatk iai. Personals."
The Educational Club is composed of
some of the live school men from the Uni
versity, Colli ges, High - ' oolsand Public
Schools of the State ixuu s object is to
stir up thought among the people aim
create a popular sentimert. in favor of
every class of educat ion. It is lamentably
true that a large number of our people
are nut thoroughly alive to the importance
of education, and among others there is a
supreme indifference, to put it mildly, as
to whether there should be any improve
ment in this matter or not. We heard
a teacher say during the last campaign
thai as a rule those public speakers who,
ir, a political canvass, talk most glibly and
feelingly about the education of the peo
ple what a good thing it is, and how
much they favor its advancement rarely
open their mouths on the subject at any
other time. "Of course," said the teacher,
'there are happy exceptions, a few who
are the friends of education at all times;
but if all the leaders of public thought in
North Carolina were as eloquent in advo
cating educational measures in ordinary
tune.- as they are during a political cam
paign, what an intellectual revolution
there would be in this Slate!"
The Educational Club hopes that by an
organized effoit it can hilp to promote the
cause of education by keeping its import
ance and claims before the eyes of the
people and their leaders.
The meeting of the Graded School Su
l ri;it--ndeiits was attended by ni'-st of the
Superintendents iu the State. They dis
cussed the peculiar interests and needs of
the Graded Schools ;uid the best methoils
of their management. These schools have
done a great work for many of our towns
and if ho v what all our public schools
tj.:c-:! be m,;de if we had the money in the
rv districts to exanluv such talent as
ir y 1.
. -v see ia mott of our
Uirh money to secure first-class abil-
the work of any business or profes-v.-:ii
si-cue good and satisfactory re
and il 1- about t lie. '!:ly thing that
With the exception of some preach
ir.d the missionaries, rueu do not labor
solely for the good of humanity. They
want to make a living and all they can
besides, and they will not enter a profes
sion where even the possibilities o? wealt b.
influence, rr fame are but sligiir com
pared with other professions and pursuits.
If we want good education we must ex
pect to pay good salaries. The public
schools in the cities have been greatly im
proved because they have generally had
able men conducting them. The services
of these men could not be bad in any pro
fession without good pay. The conclusion
is inevitable that the only thing that will
materially advance education, public or
private, is more money. Every man who
has to consider the question must decide
between two propositions: More money
and better schools, or no more money and
no better schools.
Tie State has not, infixing salaries for
its officers, shown much appreciation of
r.rt . el t
:mal work. The salary of the Su
perintendent of Public Instruction is the
lowest cf the salaries of State officers.
n- salary is only one half that of the
Treasurer, whose Chief Clerk receives just
what the Superintendent of Public In
struction does. If the State showed as
great anxiety about her intellectual ad
vancement as she does about her money
she would probably enjoy more of both.
The Executive Committee of the Teach
er's Asstmbly met and prepared an attrac
tive programme for r.ext Summer, the de
titl' of which will not be published just
yet. The Assembly will meet on the ISth
nt June at Morchead Citv. After a session
of a out two weeks a party of one hundred
teachers v. ;! go to Euicpe and spend a few
weeks. Trie voyage across the ocean will
be made in a first class steamer at mar
vellously low rates. Secretary Harrell says
that all travelling expenses including hotel
charges from Morehead City to Europe
and return will not txceed l."o. The
parly will go as far East as Cons'antino
ple. They can spend about four weeks in
Europe, but those who wish can stay lougtr
and return on their ticket, which is good
for one year. This is a wonderfully cheap
trip aud" shows that there is no lack of en
terprise in the North Carolina Teachers'
Besides the above meetings there was a
meeting of a special committee appointed
by the Teachers' Assembly to memorialize
the Legislature and try to secure the
passage of a bid abolishing the present
system of Summer Normals ani establish
ing a Central Training School for teachers
ruuniug about eight months in a year.
The eomniittee will aDuear before the Ed
ucational Committee of the Legislature iu
behalf of this measure aud we will make
further comments on their proposition at
Evidently the teachers, are awake, and
the Chronicle rejoices at it. The appro
priations that the State has made iu the
educational field for the past fifteen years
have paid well, and have paid in a way
that will be seen more phinly as the fu
ture unfolds itself. The Lc-.-lature should
do all that it can to encourage and pro
mote the interests of a profession that is
doing and will do so much to develop the
state s intellectual and material resources.
THE NEW JEGISLATURE.
FORECAST OF THE ORGANTZA
TION OF THK TWO BRANCHES.
ext Wednesday Will
seniblin ol the Lea
Witness the As.
More than ordinary interest attaches to
the meeting of the General Assembly which
convenes in Raleigh next Wednesday. Un
der the Constitution this body meets on
the secoud Wednesday in January, bieu
r.ially, and continues in session sixty days.
If at the end of sixty days the business is
unfinished the members may remain and
complete it, but after that number of days
they cannot draw pay for their services.
On more thau one occasion the members
have given their time to complete the pub
The lirst matter that will interest the
members of the House, and attract public
attention and interest as well, will be the
selection of the officers of that body. For
Chief Clerk of that body we have heard
but one name suggested that of our es
teemed and competent friend, T. B. Wom
ack, Esq., of Chatham. Cot.. John D.
Cameron, who has been Chief Clerk for
many years, will not be a candidate. The
indications, therefore, are that Mu. Wom
.U K will hrtvo the high honor of an elec
tion by acclamation. If the Legislature
does thus, without a contest, niako Mr.
Womack Chief Clerk, it will deserve to be
congratulated. There is no man ia North
Carolina more competent, and very few
who can be compared to Mu. Womack in
his special fitness for this important posi
tion. Of course the chief interest in the organ
ization centres in the selection of a Speak
er. For that high honor six names have
been mentioned Messrs. M. E. Cauter,
of Buncombe; Charles M. Cooke, of
Franklin; It. A. Doii-hton, of Alle
ghany; ArGusTfs Leazar, of Iredell; C.
C. Lyon, of Bladen; and Taos. H. Si'tton,
of Cumberland. However, so tar as we
have informati n,. the only three candi
dates regularly m the field are Messrs.
Carter, Leazar and Si tton. They have
all served in the Legislature before and
have legislative experience. The contest
between them will be spirited. All the
candidates are expected to arrive by Mon
day and to open headquarters. We will not
hazard an opinion as to who will be made
It seems to be generally conceded that
one of these three men will secure the
honor, but it is not out of the range of
possibilities that one of the other ecu tie
men mentioned will be chosen. We have
good Speaker timber and the members of
the House will make no mistake iu elect
ing either of the gentlemen named. There
is small chance ofad.uk horse. If the
dark horse element should enter into the
race the friends of Ma. D. C. Rkuan, of
1 fc rstJVS L J V A . ULI I 11(1'
truod Sneaker. He was
iie w oum maKC a
A member of the
last House. He is very quiet and modest,
but those who have heard him on the
stump speak in terms f the highest praise
of hi.- h;gh order of ability.
For the other offices in the House, the
candidates are legion. Many of them are
gentlemen of prominence and most of
them have rendered efficient service to the
party. There can be no denying that the
times are hard when so many men edi
tors, lawyers and others are anxious to
secure these clerkships. We never knew
more deserving or better qualified men
seeking these po.-it ions. The members
will find it very difficult to choose between
such worthy applicants.
The organization of the Senate does not
excite so much interest because the pre
siding officer has already been elected by
the people. Lieutenant-Governor Stek
m a N will preside until the new Lieutenant-Governor,
C l. Thos. M. Holt, is sworn
in. It is pleasant to Liei t.-G" 'VERS' ou
Stedman's many friends to know that he
will be preseut at the opening. He will
retire to private life with the admiration,
confidence, and respect of the whole State.
As a presiding officer we have never seen
his superior, if we have known his equal.
Thorougidy versed in parliamentary law.,
he is quick to see and decide all points
raised, and his rapid dispatch of business
is often truly marvellous. He is the soul
of courtesy and has won the regard and
esteem of all those who have served in the
Senate siace he has been its presiding of
ficer. Col. Holt, who succeeds him as
President of the Senate, is an experienced
presiding officer, having been Speaker of
the House in 1885. He is a man of wide
acquaintance and knowledge of men and
affairs and will come to the discharge of
his high office wi'h a large measure of ex
perience and capacity.
Foi Chief Clerk of the Senate the Chron
ht.f, has hea-d of no candidate, except
Mu. R. M. Ft'RMAN, of Asheville, who has
held the position a long term of years to
the satisfaction of all concerned. For the
other offices there are a number of candi
dates, as in the House, and they art; tie
serving and capable men.
It is usual, we believe, for the Senators
to elect a President pro tern from their
number. In'vieWof Col. Holt's not hav
ing fully recovered from his long sickness
it is not thought he can preside all the
time, and therefore the position of Presi
dent pro tem will be more important than
is usual. We have heard very little said
of who will receive-this honor, but the
names of Senators E. W. Kerr, of Samp
son; Jas. II. Pot, of Johnston; W. P.
Shaw, of Hertford; W. D. Turner, of Ire
dell, and Willis R. Williams, of Pitt,
have been mentioned in that connection.
They are the only Senators who served in
the last Senate.
The most important contest that will be
decided ny a joint caucus win oe ine con
test for United States Senator. Hon. M.
W. Ransom, who has been longer in the
Senate than any other Southern man, is a
candidate for ro election. The other can
didates are Capt. S. B. Alexander, Ex
Gov. Thos. J. Jarvis, and Hon. A M.
Waddell Other names are mentioned in
connection with this high office, among
them Associate Justice Merrimon, Gen.
W. R. COX, GOVERNER SCALES, HON. W. T.
Dortch, Hon. C. M. Stedman, Governor
elect Fowle and others. Public senti
ment is divided in its preferences and the
result is in doubt. The uncertainty that
attends this contest is heightened because
a large number of the members are com
ing to Raleigh uncommitted, and some of
them undecided as to who is their prefer
ence and the preference of their constitu
ents. The people of the State may con
gratulate themselves that with so many
able men to select from, the Legislature,
guided by wisdom and patriotism, will
make no mistake.
HOUGHTON FOR SPEAKER.
Cor. in Exchange-
1 see an article presenting the name of
R. A. Doughton, Esq., of Alleghany, as a
candidate for Speaker of the next House
of Representatives. I do not know that
Mr. Doughton is or will be a candidate,
but theie will be no member of that hon
orable body more worthy than he. He
was nominated and elected a member of
the Legislature without opposition, and did
a g(Hd work for the Democratic party in
the ist campaign that could not have been
done by any other. He harmonized the
discordant elements and infused life into
the lifeless and controlled and used these
for the Democratic party. Notwithstand
ing the boodle, aud free liquor of the op
posing party there never was a stronger
Democratic vote given in the county for
every candidate, from the President aown.
Mr. Doughton did this by his stirring
speeches and incessant labors.
The Eighth Congressional District gives
a Democratic majority of ;5.00l to 4,000,
yet there is not a State officer taken from
the district. Why? Is it not loyal? Its
ballots answer the question. Let our pub
lic bodies recognize our talented aud strong
public leaders and the party will grow
stronger. A more merited honor could
not be given than for the next Legislature
to give the Speakership to R. A. Doughton.
He is not tied to pet schemes by rash
and foolish pledges; neither is he in
league with any clique or corporation; he
is of the people and from the people, and
has no ambition alove making a good rep
resesentative and lifting his voice and
casting his vote iu the interest of the State
Sectional legislation he will oppose, if
that sectional legislation will in iure the
State as a whole. State pride and love of
country will govern him in his legislative
His record while in the last legislature t
is his voucher for the next. His mind, 1
soul and body are his own, aud he will j
Iiaue to do what is right. (
His knowledge of narliamentarv usages I
eminently qualities him for this important
We hope the next Legislature will honor
him with the Speakership, and if it does
these mountain counties will feel that it
is an houor well bestowed.
A Voiee Iroin the West I'ruiiiK
Special Cor. State Chronh l::.J
T was much disappointed that in the late
election the Democratic gain were so
small in comparison with the Republican
gains. One thing cheered me. Buncombe
glorious old Buncombe redeemed itself
from the thrall of Radicalism and came
back to the Democratic column. Only
those who were acquainted with the ex
tent of the trouble in Buncombe two years
ago can fully appreciate the great victory
the Democrats won in last November. No
wheie iu the State was harder work done
thau in Buncombe, and the result is more
largely due to the efforts of Mr. Melvin E
Carter thau to any other man. Mr. Cartel
redeemed the county. The fight in an
Eastern and a Western county is very
different, arid it is much more difficult to
carry Buiicomie than any Eastern county.
Certainly on the ground of party service,
Mr. Carter has a strong claim for the
As to ability, no one who knows him
will que-tiou that he is the equal of any
of the candidates. He has been in the
Legislature before and is a fine parliamen
tarian, as well as an astute and able law
yer. The East has had as speakers in re
cent years. Mr. Cooke, Mr. Rose, and Mr.
Holt - the Centre, Mr. Price and the
West no one. Ix-f us have nn equal di
vision this year. The West asks the elec
tion of Mr. Carter. X
SI'TTON FOR SPEAKER.
From Dunn S!gnoard.
Hon. T. II. Sutton's friends are urging
him for the Speakership of the House of
Representatives and there being no other
candidate for the honor from the East, we
feel full- justified in saying, without hesi
tation, that Mr. Sutton should l(e elected.
It is well known that the East did more in
the recent election to secure the splendid
victory of the State than any other sec
tion; and when it is remembered that
every member of the legislature from the
Third Congressional District is a Demo
crat, all fair minded men will admit, that
since the Easi has been denied such recog
nition for a quarter of a century or more
she is entitlivl to the Speakership and,
leaving sectional claims out of the ques
tion, we hazard nothing in saying Mr.
Sutton is the equal of any who have been
uamed for the position and should be our
LEAZAR FOR SPEAKER.
From Lexington Dispatch.
I'roni preseut indications, it seems that
no one will conte-st with Mr. A. Leazar, of
Iredell, for the Speakership of the House.
Usually there are a number of aspiiants;
but this time, it seems to be pretty gener
ally conceded that Mr. Leazar is to be
Speaker. Certainly no one elected to the
next Legislature is more worthy to wear
the honor than he.
Mineral Doom in Watauga.
From Lenoir Topic
Mr. Milton G. Shearer, of John's River,
was in our office last week, and told us
that there is quite a flurry in mining cir
cles in Watauga. Some time ago (Ten.
Leveuthorpe discovered indications of sil
ver on the farm of Mr. Joseph Bryant,
near Valle Crucis, and took an option on
it for $10,000. As the deed has passed
from Mr. Bryaut to Gen. Leventhorpe
or is about to be passed it is generally
supposed that the General has disposed cf
the property to some mining company for
a considerable advance.
Flre-nt writers may deceive the ignor
ant by lying theories, but the intelligent
man demands assurance that a theory ia
true. Nothing is so convincing to an in
telligent reader as the plain and simple
words of those grateful ones who were
sick but have been made well by using B.
B. B., (Botanic Blood Balm), found print
ed in our paper, from time to time or con
tained in the illustrated ''Book of Won
ders," sent free to any address by the
Blood Balm Co. , of Atlanta, Ga. Send
WILL CONTINUE- TO HK AT THE
FRONT IN I'OLI I ICS.
Tarifi" Reform Cannot be Killed- Mr.
Phillips and the Ca binet--3! r. Carlisle
Interviewed, & .. Ac.
Special Cor. to Statk Chronicle.
Washington, D. C, Jan. 1, 16S)
fwteretary Fairchiid made a great speech
to the ta.rifi reformers in Boston on Friday
eveuing. It ought to be read by business
men everywhere. Mr Cleveland, Mr. Car
lisle and other distinguished politicians
were invited to be present It is perhaps
fortunate that the President had to de
cline. Mayor Russell male a most bril
liant speech which, while it might have
embarrassed Mr. Cleveland to have listen
ed to it, striker, so pure a key note. I take
the Ji'erty of ouoting a portion of it for
the benef.t of your read is: "One phase
only of our defeat s. eras to be irreparable
the defeat of a, brave, patriotic President,
who knew his duty and dared to do it. It
is his country's loss, not his. The high
standard he Let. of official life entitled him
to her confidence and support. Because
his administration was not ever seeking
votes, but the people's welfare, majorities
unsought should have risen to uphold him.
His faithful devotion to duty, his consci
entious watchfulness, his manly bearing
when stung by an unjust defeat, I eon
fosri, have made of me something of a hero
worshiper. For one, I lind it pleasant to
apply to him those grand lines sent by Sir
Henry Taylor to Gladstone in 174 in his
hour of defeat :
What makes a hero? Anlieroic mind
Expressed in ac tion, in endurance proved;
And if there be pre eminence of right
Derived from pain well suffered, to the
Of rank heroic, 'tis to bear unmoved
Not toil by da j scarce known of human kind,
Not watch by night when Fate is on the
But worse, ingratitude and poisouous di-.rts
Launched by the country he had served an !
This with a free unclouded spirit pure.
This in the st.-e:itli of silence to endure
A dlgn'ty to uo.ote de-'ds imparts
Beyond t he gauds and pageants of renown;
Tuts is t he hero s compliment and crown
Later, President Eliot continuing in the
same strain said: "I also dissented corn-
pletely from a remark of the distinguished
chairman of the evening, tie said, and 1
think it must have been a slip of the
tongue, thev was one irreparable disaster
in the, lata defeat, namely, the withdrawal
of President Cleveland from public life.
Gentlemen. I believe that is a disaster
which not only can be repaired, but will
be repaired. ( I rememlous applause, long
continued with shouts of approval.) It is
only three years and a half so the next
Presidential nomination. (Great applause)
I believe that because I believe that the
immense raa'oiity of the American people
have a hearty and profound admiration
for unwearied industry, thorough, disin
terested patriotism anil political courage."
(''Good' anl applause.)
All the other references to 'he President
were in a similar tone and indicated a W
lief t bar his leadership is to be a continu
ing force in American politics. Grover
Cleveland is at the front now, and he is
not going to the rear on the 4th of March,
I saw Mr. Carlisle yesterday just after
he had In-en at the White House. 1 do
not pretend to speak with authority on
this matter, but I think the tariff reform
era in the House have caught on to the
idea embodied in the President's recent
letter to Boston "In the trrck of reform,"
he say-?, "are often found the dead hopes
of pioneers and the despair of those who
fall in the march. But there will be neith
er despair nor dead hopes in the path of
tariff reform, nor shall its pioneers fail
to rer.ch the heights."
The Hoa-e reformers were pretty blue
immediately after the Senate determined
to vote on the tariff bill January -?0th.
They have recently plucked up courage
and are going to fight and disuss the
Senate bill as long as it is possible to do
so. The Ways and Means Committee show
less disposition within the past few days
to entertain any proposition looking to
wards reducing the Internal Revenue tax
as a separate measuro. These new tariff
complications, and the small majority by
which the Republicans control the next
House, render the probability of an extra j
session of Congress apparent.
A g' eat many contested election cases
will come before the next House. The
Committee on Elections will be one of the
most important to le appointed by Mr.
Carlisle's successor. I hoje Hon. John
Henderson will remain on :t. A majority
of the contested cases are from the South,
and that section will need a man of Mr.
Henderso-.'s legal ability on that Commit
tee. Your printers and proof render must
have bail more "Christmas" iuan usual
"in their bones'" when they "set up'' the
first paragraph of my last letter to the
Chronicle. I never wrote that Senator
Ransom's "courtesy was as strung as his
Democracy." The statement may be liter
ally true, but 1 do not use English iu that
way, I hope
Mrs. Cleveland will be at home to her
friends every Monday evening after 8
o'clo' k. Miss Mary and Carrie Hastings,
nieces of the President, Mr. and Mrs. Stu
art Nelson and Mr. Richard Watson Gil
der are guests at the White House.
A marble statue of Gen. Lewis Cass was
unpacked and placed in position in Siatu
ary Hall yestctday. It illbe unveiled at
a later date. General Cass was said to
bear a strong pet sort al resemblance to
The movement to put. Hon. S. F. Phil
lips in the Cabinet, meets with favor here.
I hope his fellow citizens will do all they
can to advance his interests in this direc
tion from motives of self-protection, if
Justice in Clinton. According to a Dar
key. From Clinton Caucasian.
On last Saturday night, on Grog Row,
two of Clinton's "fast men" got into a
quarrel, which grew so warm after a while
it was thought by those standing by that
they would hitch in an old fashioned way,
when a : ;igd dafkie said to them, "Gem
men, gemoien. don't do dat; the mayor
and polio are out of flour, and you moitt
have it to pay or.' ihey uiun t nght.
We Hope it is Tine.
From Charlotte News.
The Raleigh folks may prepare to cele
brate. A News reporter to day learned on
good authority that work on the Richmond
& Danville's new depot at that place will
certainly be commenced within the next
PERSONAL AND SOCIAL.
Judge Fowle has accepted an invitation
to be present at the New Berne fish, oys
ter and game fair, tebruary Huh.
Flihu A White, the defeated Republi
can candidate for Congress in the First
District at the late election, aspires to
succeed uov. Jarvis as Minister to Brazil.
Judge David Schenck, of (ireensboro,
who has been in very bad health for some
time aud who has been to Philadelphia for
medical treatment, has returned home
very much improved.
The Baptist church at Halifax C. II ,
Va., has called Rev. C. S. Farriss, of
North Carolina, one of the former editors
of the Biblical Recorder. Mr. Farriss is
now pieaeliing at High Point
"Andy McDonald, of Uaieih, Is. C,
aged ::,"' is reported as oue of four men
killed in a mine explosion aear Denver,
Col., Christmas Eve. His head is said to
have been blown off completely.
The Elizabeth City Economist s; ys Mr.
Lonny Sauderlin, a nephew of Rev. Geo.
W. Sauderlin, has been appointed and has
accepted the assistant clerkshipof the State
Auditor's office under the new Adminis
The Ralcign Signal says Mr. J. C. Pritch
aid, the defeated Republican candidate
for Lieutenant-Governor, will be an ap
plicrnt for the appointment of Assistant
Commissioner of Patents, the place now
Oiled by Hon. Robert B Vanco.
The Dunn Signboard says that neither
branch of the J.egislaC ure wiil have ia it a
truer Democrat, or a iore faithful advo
cate of real interests of the people than
Mr. Wm. Pearson. Representative from
W. W. Scott, -Jr., the talented and suc
cessful editor of the L-noir Topic, has ac
cepted the position as Clerk to Hon. W.
H. H. Cowies' Committee in the National
House of Representatives. While there
he will write valuable and interesting ar
ticles for his paper, which in his abseuce
will be in good hands.
We had a call yesterday from I). B.
Nicholson, sq., of Sampson, who was for
years one of the editors of t e Caucasian.
He is a candidate for re-election as Read
ing Clerk of the Senate. Mr. Nicholson
is a gentleman of ability and iu! uence
and made a very efficient officer. i Wil
Gen. Cliugman has just returned from
New York, from a long visit connected
with his electric light patent. The General
has patents for two systems, the incandes
cent and the arc. lie is confident, from
experiments made with them, that they
are superior to the systems now in use.
Prof. C. L Smith, who is Lecturer in
History in the Johns Hopkins University,
spent the holidays with relatives in North
Carolina and gave the Chronicle a pleas
ant call. We are glad to know that he
has recently l(eeu elected General Secre
tary of the Charity Organization Society
of Baltimore. He has won a position of
honor and usefulness aud North Carolina
is proud of him.
All Raleigh and all parties having busi
ness with the Auditor's office will be glad
to know that Mr. J. 1). Boushall will con
tinue as Chief Clerk in that office under
Auditor elect Sauderliu. Mr. Boushal! is
not only a joung gentleman of high Chris
tian character and of thorough competen
cy, but is a popuUr ofiicer as well. Mr.
Sanderliu is to be congratulated upon re
taining Mr. Boushali. Mr. Lonny San
derliu, nephew of the new Auditor, will be
Rev. Geo. W. Finley, of Romney, W.
Va., has been elected State Evangelist of
the Presbyterian church. He was elected
on Thursday of last week by a committee
appointed for that purpose which met in
the first Presbyterian church at Raleigh.
Gov. Scales was Chairman and Rev. P. H.
Hoge was Secretary of the Committee
which was composed of Messrs. A. M.
Scales, of Raleigh; B. F. Hall, of Wilming
ton: Dr. i. W. McNeill, of Fayttteville:
Gen. Rufus B irringer, of Charlotte, and
Revs. H. G. Hill, D. D , of Max ton; Alex
ander s-prunt, of Henderson; W. E. Mc
lilwa ne of Gastonia; It. R. Anderson, of
Morgantou, anil Peyton II. Page, of Wil
mington. Mr. Finley. t he Evangelist, comes
The Wilson Advance, after saying very
truly of Judge Arm field that he is "a geu
tleman of high legal attainments, broad
minded, big-brained aud liberal, and will
wear the judieial ermine with dignity and
honor," adds: "The office is not a new
oue to Mr. Armfield, as he was at times
virtually judge when Judge Cloud sat on
the bench, who, when perplexed by some
knotty legal point, would say, 'Hold thar!
How's that, Armfield t'" That is true, al
so. Cloud thought Colonel Armfield the
repository of all knowledge aud decided
cases as Col. Armfield to.d him to. That
is the reason the old judge was so seldom
overruled by the Supreme Court. Slates-
Maj. J. W. Wilson, of Morganton, and
Capt. V. E. McBee, Superintendent ol the
Western North Carolina Railroad, have
returned from their trip to Canada, whith
er tney were invited to testily as railroad
experts iu a matter in controversy between
the Canadian government and the Cana
dian Pacific Railroad Company. This road
is over 2,000 miles in length. It was con
structed by the government and after
wards sold" to the syndicate which now
owns it. The syndicate claimed that the
road was not up to the specifications, and
the differences were submitted to arbitra
tion. Maj Wilson and Capt. McBee were
summoned as experts in the case aud, af
ter spending eight days in an examination
of the road, testified before the arbitrators.
Their bearing on the stand is spoken of by
the Canadian press and railroad men as
most creditable. They are represented as
having demonstrated va.st knowledge and
railroad ability. It was a conspicuous
, . . . .1 . , ... .. . . tti
comoumeni to mem mat. tuey suouia uae i
been invited to investigate aud testify in
a cas- of this magnitude (about six million
dollars being involved) and in a different
country than their own, and a compliment
to North Carolina as well; but it is no sur
prise to those who know these gentlemen
or have knowledge of their accomplish
ments in their special field of study to
learn that they did themselves honor in
Canada. Statesvilie Landmark.
The prettiest sight in the world is a
pretty woman's foot in a Jersey Lily boot,
and since Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup cures
all sorts of colds all women can wear them.
FKOto MURPHY TO MANTEO.
SOME THINGS THAT A R E HAPPEN
ING IN NORTH CAROLINA.
What Has Happened in the Good Old
State Since the Chroniele Lat Greeted
Postal Card News. -The friends of t he
Chronicle in every section of the State
are requested to aid us iu making this de
partment an accurate record, in brief, of
the news from Murphy to Manteo. Send
us a postal card whenever anything of
public interest transpires in your neigh
borhood or section of country. You will
aid us and givo prominence to your sec
tion. Send on the postal cards. "Editor.
...The Governor has pardoned Jerry
Holsenbeck, of Caswell, who wasconvicted
in 1883 of baru burning.
. The Summerville school, Harnett,
N. C, will open the first Monday in Jan
uary, IScs'.i. prof. A. S. Piummer, Prin
cipal. About .,(.00 has been subscribed
towards building the new hotel. Can't
we get up a cotton factory that way, too?
.... Mr. Miles Goodwin's house ai Smith
field was burned oue day last week. He
is chit f of police of the town. It is thought
to have been the work of an incendiary.
. . . .Fat lighters are splendid things to
have in the same house with a baby which
has the colic, as they reduce profanity to
a minimum. Nothing to do but throw a
handful in the fireplace and you have a
... .Taylors, ille, N. C, is becoming
quite a town. In the last two years it has
more thau doubled in population and is
putting on city airs. The citizens, we
learn, are going to make an effort to have
the Collector's office for this district mov
ed to tha.t place. Carolina Watchman.
. . . .There seems to be a prospeet for the
building of a hotel on top of Hibriten.
ihe Caldwell and atauga Land and Tim
oer company wnicu nas ine giving away j
or the site together with 242 acres of land, '
is in correspondence with a New York j
capitalist who ha an idea of taking ad-
vantage of Capt. Lenoir's generous offer.
... .The Charlotte Chronicle says that
the rapid ''n crease of business has com
pelled the directors of the Ada cotton fac
tory to order more machinery. The Chron
icle has yet to hear of a tingle, well man
aged, cotton factory in the State which is
not paying handsomely on the investment.
And et some capitalists prefer to lock
their money up.
Mr. B. T. Chandley, of Madison
county, writes to the Chronicle-. A few
days ago there was n young man by the
name of James Sawyer out hunting with
two other boys, and he fired his gun and
the briteh flew out and bursted his brains
out. lie lived 24 hours before he died;
he lived iu the towu of Marsnall, Madison
county, and he was r;bout IS years i hi.
....We are pltascd to leam by the
Murphhy Advance that the troublesome '
aud difficult achievement ot laying thu
track to the summit at Red Marble Gap
has been effected, and tfcat trains now run
to what you call it Topfon. From there
on to Murphey it is dowu grade, with
seven or eight miles of difficult work, the
heaviest portion of which has beeu doue.
....The capital stock of the Piedmont
Wagon Works is J$3,000. The people of
Winston offered to make it 100,000 if the
company would move to Winttou. Mr.
J. G. Hall, President of the Company, told
the peoph- of Hickory that if they would
give 50,00o the works would not. he mov
ed. The Lenoir Topic says: Efforts were
at once made to raise money for the pur
pose. We learn that it has beeu decided
for the company to remain in Hickory, so
we suppose that the money was raised.
....United States Engineer Bixby and
Cant. Schuster are tit Weidon, makh.g
preparations to clean out Roanoke river
from that point to its mouth, 'ihey have
a steam tug, several barges and a dredg
ing machine. They purpose cleaning out
the rafts first, using fcr that part .?15,it)0 j
of the 40, 000 appropriation. '.I nen the j
remaining money, ?'o.".K,
for removing the sand bars
will be used
- Plymout h
at an early
For Reading Clerk ol Wie House. t
Special Cor. State C;ii:oxi.;.L.j
There aro several good men in the field j
for Reading Clerk, but we believe the claim.; ;
of Mr. H. A. Latham, of Washington, N.
C, superior to any other's. He was pri.c I his life shows tnat he is ami Ling, anti
speaker at the University when ne grad- ! Clique, aiui-Tisist, :oHi-Mo:.opoly, an'',
uated paying his way by his own haid anti-cvcrytiiiiig that is again-!; the (,- ,.
work while there. He had been a farmer j interi ms of the peoph-.
and teacher. He has always been a tcr- I Sivnt ano La t, but by no mean-; U :-.-.(.
ling Democrat, and for three year he has because his well known record in favor o:
devoted his time, talent and earnings to i a Railroad Commission marks him as t ho
the cause of Democracy. In the hist cam l true champion of the people's rig!..; and
paign his labor and influence was not cir- j the man whom the -opie desire. Sim o
cumseribed to the limits of iivr court: y, ! i; has become apparent th..t wc mv goiti,;
nor of oue Congressional district, but ids j to have a Railroad Cotarjiisr.i.ti thciv .it--voice,
his individual effort, and that of j many new converts to il. Mr. Ixeo ar i
his paper, the Washington Gazette, v.;s i tiot one of this number. He is ;.n old
recognized as a most potent factor in the etc ran aud led in the light.
big Democratic gam:-, ol the East. He i
capable and deserving, and it would be a
just recognition of his merits as well as
the representation due the eastern part o;
the State to elect Mr. Latham Reading
A Good Dog Story.
From Lenmr Topic
We have a good story to tell on Sam
Telfair, Governor-elect Fowlc's Private Sec
retary. Several years ago he went to
school at Finley High Academy in Lenoir.
A few7 weeks belore he was to leave for
home it was industriously circulated over
the country that Sam Telfair wanted 2
dogs to carry home wi'h him and that he
would give $0 tor every dog brought to
Lenoir on a certain day. On ihe day be
fore the day set for the dogs to come to
town S im went home. Next day I-enoir
was full of dogs of high and low degree.
All sorts of dogs were here with strings
around their necks and frequent inquiries
were made for "Mr. Telfair." But he
had gone without his dogs.
Is ( u-uiiit!on l!enrahle?
Read the following: Mr. C. If. Morris,
Newark, Ark., says: "Was down with
Abscess of Lungs, and friends and physic
ians pronounced me an Incurable Con
sumptive. Began taking Dr. King's New
Discovery for Consumption, am now on
my third bottle, and able to oversee tho
work on my farm. It is the finest medi
cine ever made."
Jesse Middle-wart, Decatur, Ohio, says:
"Had it not been for Dr. King's New Dis
covery for Consumption I would have died
cf Lung Troubles. Was given up by doe
tors. Am now in best of health." Try it.
Sample bottles free at Lee, Johnson & Co'3.
The State's Interests in Railroads and
Giving Away the Swamps.
Special Cr. of Srm: Cjil-oxkt r.i
I wish to say, through your widelv cir
culating ;uid valuable iourna!, th.it 'i am
confident that the Legislature that will
convene in Raleigh in a few day.,, idiouhl,
without delay, or a dissenting voice, in
troduce and pass a bill to authorize Co.
Fowle to advertise and sell the Slate's in
tercst in both the North Carolina and the
North Carolina and Atlantic Railroads,
and another billto give away the State's
interest iu the swamp lands to the respec
tive counties in which they lie. The funds
arising fiom the State's interest in thc-o
two roads should be used in paying off the
State's indebtedness as far as it will g.
If this is not donoit tfkes, no prophet to.sco
the State will soon be legislated out of every
cent she owes in them, as has heretofore)
always been the ease, when the Legisla
ture had unrestricted power to legislate on
property belonging to the State.
Gov. Jarvis and Dr. J. M. Worth made
this very plain, and tl history of nearly
all, if not everyone, pi ., es tho'l.egislai n ro
of our State is utterly i-. competent to man
age or legislate wisely ur banks, railroads
and most other matters, wherever the State
is interested. As proof of this, I think it
will be impossible for any person in the
State to point to a single instance in out
history where this, or any other State,
with but few exceptions, ' and certa oily
never in this State, has inve ted a
dollar iu any work of improvement, and
given it to the mariagi mcnt or control of
the Legislature that the money has no?
been lost and a complete fadure insured.
f course the Asylm-i.-, Penitentiary and
and like institutions, 'hat are kept up b
regular assessed laxati !i, are exception"-,
to the above general siatcment. It has
been the uniform rule m this State, when
ever a work of improv.n cm begins to ?,a
regular dividends for som concur more per
sons, or it may Oe a company, to devi.- e ?,.
plan or plans to seize upon its profits or
in some other wnv to make it contribute
... . ....
to aM in building or extending some other
work of internal improvouiontin the State,
which ruiuous policy always has ana wiil
prove disa&trotw to 'the' State and all h.
teresti d in the liuudioaoned inn.rovovier
t If i'i ill reii t i .- t.M.-fi.i i r. ,..):.. ,.1 .
I ested m pursuing this suicidal policy
will differ very widely with me, and will
more than likely, with much -eal . nd
I great clamor, oppose t-elhng the State" ; iti-
! tere.-.t in the roads mentioned and paviu'
it .... , . . ...
- .'..t.-v Hit j"U u... I I.J Lilt' i In ! v i j
ou our Mate oeut. tiut as a ii lend of in
ternal improtuemeiits and a stockholder in
sevtral of our roads, and one who ear
nestly desires to see th -m prosper and in
crease, a way and by men that wiil take a
pride and pleasure in seeing them great
auxiliaries in building up all our agricul
tural, commercial, manufacturing and
mining interests, 1 desire to see them sold.
There is little, if any, hope of th's ever
being done while the State .vns or con
trols any part in anyone or n. re of them.
Let the present Legislate c, without
fail, pass a law to sell out tl. State's in
tcio3t in all of our roads erever she
owns a dollar and give aw a; the swamp
lands to the comities when a they lie,
aud save the expeuseof l.tiga' ion and pav
ing lawyers fees. If any -m wishes to
know how much lias been paid by ihe
State for these purposes, will call for tho
necessary documents, he can oou sec.
D. F. ( 'Ll) El.!..
- - . - -
isiaioi's to i oiisiiicr in
to the Speakership.
! Special Cor. S T u k Cuia-Na i i:.j
Mr. Augustus Leaar, of Ii-.-deU counts,
ought to be elected Speaker - f the. Hoii-e
for the following reasons:
First Because thee h; r. ro :o ia the
State of North Carolina v. ho ha- bee.
truer or more loyal to ihe principles, of De
tnocracy, or rendered more eiieetive ser
vice in the last c inp.: ',; ;.
SrX'o.vo. Because, uaving b.-cn .-. u. t i
ber of the board or" Agriculture eight
year, and member of the Lcgir-dnf mv for
four consecutive terms, he has had i.ecul
lar au vantages
or aseei'tammg t ce ie . d
and wants of the -.eople of the Mote,
Timtn. Because his iceoid a- i;,bh
servant shows that he na:: the courage o'
his convictions, that he is cleai h-aded,
thoroughly devoted to the 'nt rest ; of th
people of the State, and th t he isih- ii
Forum. Because he is, qr;
c-.. o; :ieu
perception, of ready deebion, of fairnes.,,
qualities which added to his huge experi
ence fits him mod admirably for th.'.'
Fifth. Itc-ause bb wh b; record and
The Hai'tist Alntait.ie lo I hH.
The North Carolina Bapti.-;. Aim .unto for
1U8!, edited and published by I lev. C. T.
Bai'!ey, editor of the Biblical Recorder,
Ibileigh, N. C, is on lije t 'iiuom. i.k t:-ble.
It is a valuable pnbli. at ion for everybody
and a necessity for I'. ip i. t lamibes. It
contains, among other things, full statis
tics of the various religious denomination.',
in the State and Unittd States, ctmpk-to
State government directory, full court
calender, complete directory of all Baptist
Boards and Institutions in Noith Carolina
besides an article on "What is Commun
ion," biographical sketches, tc. Pi ice 10c.
Address, Rev. C. T. Bailey, Rale -h,
The M inUters of the Govpcl Get a New
The Richmond and Danville Ihsihoa i
will hereafter issue what is known as min
ister's permits. That is to say, each min
ister who i.; engaged exclusively in minis
terial work along the line of said road,
will Ik; furnished, upon application, fniado
on a blank furnished by the oorripanv
throagn its agents) to Mr. James L. Tay
lor, G. P. A., at Wa:-.hin';tou. D. C.,"n
"Minister's Permit" or card, which, v.i.eu
presented to the Ticket Agent, will author
ise liiru to st 11 the holder a. te-fcot. at u i.r
This is very generous ou the part of the
railroad and will be greatly appreciated
by the ckrgy of our State.
Another Coiii-tv Heard I-'iom.
From Chat ham ReceriL
It is :-aid that there are one or ruoie caa
didates in Chatham for nearly every odico
in the gift of the next Legislature,
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