The Slate Chronicle
The S!3te Chronicle
11. Legislature Will Soon
JOSEPHTJS DANIELS, Editor.
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;c .k.w :ovr.itoic OFTMXES
11 1 roi.u .
1 t or l' l' ('unit's to tin Gnberna
; 1 1 I hair umtir ihf Most Favorable
. address of Governor
.a Raleigh Thursday:
of the 111-
: v v. x '
': --111'.-- '
me i iii
THE GENERAL ASSEMULY,
EU.' ''.V flTl.ENS :
t fie war are dead.
. a Grover Cleveland to tho
he I niud States four years
r,.a tv d fie ad minis t rat ion
irs sirv his inauguration
; i' todest rov seetionalisui and
ice am! fraternity betweeu
- ,i"-s of the I'tiiou thau all other
- - lomhined since tho surrender of
: ee at Appomattox,
e Mr. C!e veiaud's inauguration
i-:e many narrow-minded men at
of a who honestly believed it nar
. :u :!;': . sean well hie honest that
.i.iwn: ot the Democratic party to
. i imam an assault upon t he integrity
Tilt 1. and t uoourngemcut to the
:o i sent :r,ent. which it assumel was
. :u inldcniig throughout the South,
. iy to show itself at the tirst favorable
A' the t-outh. men of broader minds.
i-zi less honest, hail impressed upon
e ,crt.d element of our population mat
t : .umph ot Democracy meant au as
.It ut" u t hoi r recently acquired free
:n. From these causes the itiaugura
:. of a Democratic National admiuistra
:i ;;no great disquietude North and
when he has climbed
i'V nis dispelling beams
which obscured the
H it as the
w the h.r, i
. : a s aw av t he Io
":!!. o ti.t- g.onoiis acts 0? Cleveland's
I'i'.ti'.r.i-tratiou nave shamed into silence
s- upid croakers or the North and al
y -i the fears of the credulous and sim-
minded uegr oe.-of the South.
And now n. at this distinguished sucees-o.-
to Washington is about to close his
.;. us pause and inquire what les-
have beeti taught us by his vs ise ami
.iri-administration of puuiic affairs.
First It has restored the American
' :.;ou almost as it existed in the days of
.r fathers. It has enabled a Southern
a. a To take pride once more in the Con
- t ."l aioi tue United States that graud
: of Y. rnia's great son, to liberty
. . 1 country and to feel once more
... native State is the equal of any of
; ... -..-tern' od.
ec"nd- -By the consolidation of colleo
1 1 ai ois" nets and the elimination of unnec-v-s
try offices it h is established a precedent
a- economy in public affairs, very much
1.. ed at thi time.
: ...rd -By his manly, straight-forward
e..,. j. Herniations for the reduction of
has earned the respect and last
iia iitiide of our heavily-taxed and
..r Vrdeueil people. For to his honor,
.v it s.'.i.i. that, his was the first message
a n tor.tHeuty-tive years has emanated
:: a. tht White House espousing the
,ai of the tuning masses, and proposing
ion the unholv gams of cor-
grand record of
a ;,,. s.-rvio- an i a laur.ditv ot many
housands of the poj ular vote, ty au eddy
:' p..-::r;cal sentiment, in a single state,
.... has been denied a re alectiou, but the
a a: 1 .-:s uaaich he has re-estah'iislad are
: viiai ftjrt ; tlia'
iv.t must repudiate th
v , a-h he was appal 1
ow in the fooTsTeps or i
h;i t ss,,f. or the wrath .
,e v. :!i visii with co;
I'-iii'e xrom tne
Carolina turns with grateful
her ii-reat lead.-r with the assur-
. .s-.a, . .-. r in :
elected ;.nd fol-
.., hiustrioiis pr?
an offended pio-
patha of wisdom
State tax, under Republican rule, was
eighty cents on the hundred dollars v orth
of property, it has been reduced unti. now
it is oulv twenty cents on the hu drtnl
dollars worth of property, and yet w- have
erected more public buildings than at any
previous period of our history.
Our nopvdatioii seems to be increasing
gradually, but surely taking the number
of votes cast for several candidates for
Governor from 1868 to 18S8, it will appear
that the increase has been during the
twenty years 7i2 per cent., for in 18"8 the
vote was lGti.OOO, whilst in lsSS, it was
This increase, it ought to gratify us at
ascertaining, is due not to any appreciable
extent to immigration, but to ihe natural
increase of our population, and when we
consider the advantages of soil, location
and temperat ure possessed by our State
we may reasonably hope that the day is
not distant when worthy, industrious emi
grants will find it to their interest to come
to this the most favored of ad 'he sisters
of the Union.
But iu order to attract desirable emi
grants, we must improve our Slate an.
give to it such a government as will in
duce the better e ass of those who desire
new ground to cast their lots with us.
The State Guard.
Now to establish and perpetuate good
government we must have adequate means
at our command to cause the laws to be
respected and obeyed, and with this view
it is in mv estimation tue duty 01 the Leg
islature to render more effective the State
Giard. This can be done.
1st. By increasing the number of the
companies to thirty or even mote.
2nd. By providing a permanent encamp
ment. In this connection the following
letter to Hon. Alfred Rowland from acting
Secretary of War, Macfeely is called U
Washington City. Surr. 10. 188.
Hon. Alfred Rowland, House of Reiuie
sent a itves.
Siii:Ackuovleduing receipt ot your
communication of the 2Slh. ult. enclosing
an iunuirv from Colonel C. Jones,
Commandim? Second Regiment, North
Carolina State Guards, Wilmington, N. C.
as to whether a Sea Coast battery can he
obtained under the act of May ID, 1882
22 Stats, page 931 I have the honor to in
form von that under the act cited, a Sea
Coast'Battery can be issued on the requi
sition of the "Governor of a State border
ing on the sea or gulf coast, and the state
of North Carolina not having received the
benefits of the act can do so at any time,
the. appropriation therefore heing a per
manent one', uuder the decision of the Se
cond Comptroller dated March 13, l84.
Acting Secretary of War.
If a permanent camping grounds is es
tablished, the Lr. S. Government appro
priates s.-),uo0.o0 with which to prepare
the grounds and erect the above battery.
:5rd. By increasing the pay of the Ad
jutant General, so that he may b- able to
give more of his time to his very impor
Personal liberty is of the first concern
to a good citizen." and this personal 'liber
ty can best be preserved by having an or
ganized force at the command of the Exe
cutive t be used promptly, whenever the
emergency may arise. My distinguished
.-decessor authorises me to state ma.
occasion at least, during his ad
it often happens that a title is condemned,
or, iu case a man desires to negotiate a
loan, doubt is thrown upon it to such au
extent that those having money are un
willing to part with it for fear that some
married woman ' or the married daughter
of some mother and grandmother, who
was a married woman before she arrived
at the age of twenty-one years, may sue
tor the same. There has been case alter
case in our county where men have pur
chased estate, after due enquiry, and yet
some one living in some distant part of
tho county has, under this law, brought
uit and disposessed the man or the woman
who has expended money in baying a
home. This can be remedied by repealing
the provision excepting mariied women
from our statutes ot repose.
this will be no hardship, for they have ;
now the right to sue alone, or if there
should be a doubt about that you have the
powr to give them the right as if tliev
vvere femme sole, and preserve tor tneir
benefit the law until say, the 1st of Janu
The railroad system of a State always
attracts the attention of a would be eiti-
We have now in North Carolina live
railroad companies. We have 2,.")"0 mil., s
of track already laid, and new routes con
templated and begun every few months.
These railroads have been of incalculable
benefit to our State and people, and their
prosperity is to us a matter of pardonable
pride, and no embarrassing restraint up
on their development or prosperity should
be imposed by a legislative body. B.it on
the other hand, the exercise of unlimit
ed power almost of sovereignty by
powerful corporations, however well man
aged, will be api to prove injurious to the
State or some portion of it, whenever the
interest of those corporations seems to be
antagonistic to that of our State or people.
It is therefore right and proper that a
law creating a railroad commission, to be
composed of, say. three members, should
be matured at an early day by the Gener
al Assembly, ('are. of course, should he
taken not to interfere with the ligitimate
exercise of power by the .'.ill erent railroad
corporations, but at the same time tne in
terests of the State should be carefully
guarded against usurpations by th. .-e
most powerful associations. .
From the most powerful let us turn to
the most helpless ot our people. However
well tne material prosperity 01 a. -.an- :na
md i he
ability is present to discharge that dent,
at least in part, and that duty is neglect
ed, prosperity itself
day that nowhere within this broad land
is "there a sineerer devotion felt for the
National government thau within the lim
its of North Carolina. It is our country.
and it is our government, and at the con
elusion of this administration let us by
our actions be able to prove to the whole
world that the confines of a single State
are not sufficient to satisfy the longings
and ambitions of a people whose pride
and glory it is that this is part and parcel
of a great and powerful country, bet us
welcome our brethren from other States of
this Union, whether North or South, with
in our borders, and let us make each and
overy one of them feel that we are alike
brothers in the Union, and that we proud
ly point, to our inheritance, of American
citizenship as the greatest honor which
.any human being can chum.
When this is fully realized our homes
will be better protected, our people will be
come better satisfied, our state more pro
gressive and our country the pride and
glory of t he world.
THE I.MMIGKATION IHMWJH 11AT
The people of North Carolina are land
poor. They own too much land. If we
could get fifty thousand industrious men
to coma into the State and buy small
farms it would do more to make North
Carolina prosperous than any other one
thing. We do not want foreigners, or
eommuuists. but there are nundieds of
men in the North whose condition would
be benefitted by resilience in North Caro
lina. We need them and they need to
come ti us. The Immigration Department
in the State has worked certainly on the
right lines. We quote the following as to
objects sought to be accomplished from
the late report of the Immigration agent :
Believing it to be the sentiment of our
people to offer inducement only to a ehss
- OPS Is or TH P.
f kp i it ri
Governor Scales Makes a innler ot
Vis mikI Valuable Suggestions in bis
For tin? convenience of those of our read
ers who have not tim" to read in full the
excellent' .md exhaustive message of our
retiring Governor, Hon. Alfred M. Scales,
we present to day a concise and carefully
prepared outline of the message. It em
braces the Governor's suggestions, which,
in the main, are wise ;.ad timely. We
eonimi nd them to the eo -ideration of nil
oar renders, especially the members of the
General Assemnly. '!'!.- Gov-rnor is prac
tical and cons rvative and whatever he
recommends is entitled to tho fullest
weight and cor sideiation. The following
is the synopsis of the message:
The available asseas of 1 la-educational
fund are '.'.', 2"0, in per cent, bonds.
The public fund receipts lor 187 and 1888
were !f 1,57-1.08 1. la: the disbursements for
the same time. :fl,:3:0,ltSl.:5S. The esti
mated future expenses, gives ;'s a whole,
are $ 7i :!.ro0. The estimated resources
are 70!t.:jJ5. The wh. le value of real
and personal property is 217,700.000. A
tax of :o cents on every 8100 worth of
property will yield 00 1 ,',','.), and oth-r
tnxes and revenues will aggregate f'.is.oOo.
v, Inch, with $7, 000 ba
at t lie clo--e of
ile. ot whom
learned before they become citizen
Siate the Department
wot k emirelv inside of tiu L 1
something could be
as conlmed its
e orovided for. if it owes a debt
tude to any portion of its people
occasion comes for its payment,
only mane more
of the Common-
glaring the ingra'lUH
We have maimed and disabled sold
around us who have fought the battle
their State, and entwined around N".
Carolina's brow a chaplet of
: v : n
eau 01 MTr.iii .v i
eign set t lei's.
All admit that the State
people new se' tiers ;o 1
farming, r.iineia! and tiaih.a
lots and factory si'.-s, bu:!
aud agricultural prodir -, a
rv and renown. For even in a war w hich
culminated in defeat, the North Car !
soldier won for himself a reputa' aai
courage and heroism uEsurpasM'O 'o
achievements of the human race m
! clime or any country.
I It is the desire of our people that
j Legislature should be prudent au 1 fr.
i and economical, but no whisper has
! come to my ears that a proper ;q
tion should not be made to reno
tolerable the condition of those b
diers who were wounded upon tl
field, and are now s:itVeri:ig on ac
iistration.the tact, that we
. . 1
:av- s. ,!
i-oio i 1. a'
.-race that he bears wit a mm mo luc
shad.-s of private life h-r respect, her ad
miration and her affection.
Bat enough of the past. Let us turn
our gaze to the present, and deduce from
i what is apparently m store for us ami
our great State.
A-Republican administration will con
trol the destinies of this country from the
4th of March tor tim term of four years.
North Carolina stands ready to give
that administration a fair trial, and to
cordially co-operate with it in every effort
which it mav make to increase the pros
perity of theYuioii-and the glory of the
Constitution of the United States - for,
thtoughout the limits of this State, at
least, it is thoroughly believed that "the
I'niuii is the Constitution, and the Consti
atam is the Union." Upon the ma.n
taiuanee of that Constitution depends tne
prosperity of the Union.
North Carolina will cheer fully
iia in nmtinrr oiircoiinti'V greater
more powerful during ihe .next four years,
because she is satisfied that the attempt to
j .1 e ... I.... i- ......viiull ni tile
aurich me ie its ,.t,t,is.....-. -
manv, under the .-pceiou
,.,-o..; , nrr.teeTton to American iaaor
be fa ly understood by th masses of the
'.,-op! -"before the expiration of another
our wars, and when the Democratic par-
. . - ' . F tl.ij ryoeei i . me! t
tv resumes ia:e counoi ui l""' s," - -- -
bes to find the people as
.retence of af-
poverished as possible, tor it wni come 10
At ay until it has performed its great work
of extirpating those alliances which have
for their object the accumulation of im
mense private fortunes at the expense ol
i he suffering people.
It is at least a matter of congratulation
thai the licpubbciu party now has it in
its power to repeal the iniquitous internal
revenue system w hich it originated. It is
au exci.se tax, and now that the war is over,
. :.,..,!,! 1. r.-r.;i!ed without delay.
There is no reason in the assertion that
ihe government, m tunes ot peace, nas
the power of levying a direct tax upon the
product of a faimeron one side ot the road,
1 c it .v.f.iu-t.s 10 be tobacco on an
orchard and not. the iower to tax the corn
o- wheat of the same farmer ou tne ouiei
.1.. ot tVii riu'1
tv fWt is. any internal revenue law in
time of peace, is" a violation of the spirit
of the Constitution of the Luited mates
t nti.n f.l TIIHI, ISLUJIl W"- 1
rl IMI V mi in.iv -
exercised as a war meanuic
vc en th country was oeprm-u .i .us ...
.om-es from imports, ami if the Republi
can t arty, when it gets the full control ot
the iovernmeut of the United States, I res
ident, Senate and House of Representa
tives shall fail to redeem the pledges ot its:
leaders by repealing these laws it . not
require the gift of prophecy to foresee the
i.-t'uke it will receive at the hands of .u
.disappointed coustlt ueuey.
In regard to State affairs we have great
oaue for thaukf uluess, on account ot the
....v,ilt.i w bic 1 nave aiujun ....
sh'. lid be
l.,.i,osi-ators of U1V
wise auci pau-iouc wC
three distiuguisueu cui-w....,
Jar-vis and Vance, rroin iwt to
eat time the assessed proper u
: :. L r,;. v , incased from $98,000,000
L2 17,000,000 and inee 18GB, when our
Guard, in his opinion, preserveu ti.e pun- :
lie peace and saved North Carolina trom
riot and bloodshed.
Special Tax IJond-. I
Improper taxes should not be imposed
or collected. In this connection your at
tention is called to that clause of the Con
stitution of our State which provides that
no tax shall be levied for the payment ot
any special tax bonds until the same has
been submitted to a vote of the people.
A suit is now pending for the collection
of the special tax bonds issued by the Leg
islature of 1808, and I wish each and
every member of the General Assembly to
understand distinctly that everything
which the Governor can constitutionally
do to prevent the collection of these bonds
or any portion of them, principal or inter
est, will be done, anil that he, as well as
the people of ortti earonna, renes upon
your earnest co-operation in protecting
the State from this imposition.
To an intelligent man seeking a new
home the educational facilities afforded
by a State to the young of both sex. s are
of prime importance. We are proud of
the record made by North Carolina upon
For our cuidance m tne present, ami me
fimre. we must look to the require me ts
of our State Constitution and the wants of
No one can peruse ttie constitution
adopted by NortU Carolina in joy or ns
various changes since w uaioui w.us s. 1 u.n.
by the solicitude of our people that our
State I 111 versity
should be fostered by the Legislature.
Under that Constitution its care is your
dutv aud its proper maintainance by you
one'of its most binding obligations.
Whether the people acted wis-jiy or noi
in establishing a University for the State
is not the question so long as that Consti
tution continues its present provi-ions.
Although the honor of being one of its
matriculates is not mine, yet the glorious
desire of our revolution and past revolu
tionary fathers, to establish in North Car
olina a University in which every true son
of the State may feel an honorable pride,
rinds a responsive echo in my heart.
To your kind care it 1. committed, ami
anything that may be necessary to make
it more effective and useful you will no
doubt take pleasure as well as pride in
Our common schools are an honor to
the State. We have appropriated more
and more money for the education of our
boys ami girls. In 18CS there was expend
ed for this purpose by the State, :!!,000;
in 1H88 about $700,000. But yet in some
of the counties of the State the schools are
not kept open four months each year, its
1 the Constitution requires, mere teem..
to U no practicable way, under au ac,
which is uniform in levying taxes upon
the different counties of the State, to rem
edy this evil by legislation, yet it should
be remedied. The suggestion is, there
fore, made for your consideration w hether
it would not be well to make some change
iu the Constitution of the State so that
the amount needed to keep the schools
open for the four months shall be levied
upon the property of the county in which
the deficiency occurs.
Titles to hand.
It is of the utmost importance to us to
have the titles to our real estate as clear
aad simple as possible. But vet owing
to an okl provision in our law, which
might at oae time have been reasonable,
wounds tor the aeuia! necessarie
Let your b-mntv ' thei.i he as
al as the
permit, for u,i
the people of N
see otie of her
aided by the g
the infection of
! h ( 'a
t s ot the St:
1 . i e ',' ' a 1 1 : g t o
(1 isa a -n s, icrs t ao-i the
upon t he amount wiacn
ts of the charitable and
;indrel will bring ciunioi t
ee.is more i
purchase the i
r "lauds, town I
hug material :
ad ot her art i- j
it. eu ny our p.e, and to giv
employment to native m chaincs aim labor-is".
A gr.-at many of the citizens of j
North Carolina conceive the idea that the j
Immigration Department was established '
for the purpose of introducing ii.o, our i
.state a class of foreign people who would i
vvoik for wages - persons without means, j
This is of course au erroneous impr. ssim. J
as it has been the constant ana of the I
Agricultural Board, through its Immigra !
tion i ' p 1, t meut, to work almost soh !y
for ; ei'sous with means, those who could
and won! 1 bring s-mo capital w ith then', j
At: t the success which has followed the
efforts made, show that the Stale inn in
duce siieh p. ople to settle within her bor
ders as w ill bring increased pr. .-perity to
lis all. To the farmer aud laud owner
liiey are most beneficial as they cause an
iia-feas. d dTnaud for the leas - and pur
chase of Their lands. The establishment
..f manufacturing enterprises furnishes
more consume is a. id then by inuvaes the
demand and price of what is raised upon
the farm. To build factories aud to itn
pii.e to.vtis eaa.se an incr.' -..! demand
for lumber, which must come from the
farmers' forests, and this enhances the
value of lands aed red -muds to! lie b-e'.t 1U
..?' our agricultural population. Conse-
t'.e larges' noi. U' o.-nveo irotn
. nigs oi this depart met r a'-erre s
and in hivctlv to the farmers of
the fiscal year, makes f70l,:59.i.
The principal of the bonded debt recog
nized iu the act of l-7!, bonds issued be
fore May, 1801, at 40 percent., is ",477,
400: bonds issued duriai: and since the
late war, bv autht rit of acts passed ptior j
thereto, at 2" percent.. :J,2(il,oi"i; bonds
issued in pursuance of the funding acts of ;
March 10, lbf'i, and August 20, 18;8. a'
1.1 per cent . S-S,i'ida. making the total i
recognized dt.oi :.d2 t'.27.o n. Bonds have ;
b-.-en'exelainged as follows: Class tirst, at i
! 40 per cent., 4,!)2o nod; class iwo, at 2" j
j per cent., 2,a;il,olo; class three, at l."i
! per cent., l'aT.oo,', making the total ex- j
change.! 81". - .'j : ;
New 4 per cent, b- ri h- r i the amount of i
t".(57,(;71 have bteii i-siied. The total i
ainou'it of old boa. Is i-u'statiding is 1.- j
'.H 1 0; amount of 1 per cent, consols j
w hen all are xehatiged. :.Ci:!,ll ;
amount of ('. per cent, renewal bonds when i
ail are exchanged. 2,7!",Ooo: whole i
amount of bonded debt. i;.4''S.'! 1. Of i
the old 0 per cei r. bond- ' -5.' I m aid of 1
1 he North Carolina laiip'a i s; 000 are I
outstanding, of w hleh l ! 7.eho is !.e;d l.y ;
the United. Stat -s (iovernmeiit. !
Ihe last Lejnslai urt- gaave tne I r
authority to sell as many I p.-r eci)
as might be neci ssarv io pay tie.-
1 -11 re r
.standing jier ...
w i eicver found,
sold at not less
were then at par,
fall, and are now
nt. const rue; ion
But the Us we:,
thau par value,
but soon after b
at about 91 e nn
position tiler for
ommei.ds that s.
' io ie
in t he
to each disabled s
d pro v id
ai additional amount shall be added to
under the act oi
the sum appiopr:
lr-st tor his benefit until ue shall receiva
an amount to hi: fixed by you and the
plau lits of your countrymen will at rend
vour action. For under no circumstances
will the people of North Carolina be wnl-
to see one ot her ai.-aoieu soidie:
ter the pour bon-".
Upon Burke square iu this city tha i-; is
a building intended to be a residence ba
the Governor of the State. It has cost
the State m code, according to our Treas
urer's report, the sum of 20,000. X()
portion of this amount was raised by
taxation, but it is the proceeds of the
sale of certain lots in the city of Raleigh
belonging to tne State. In addi'.ion to
thia it has cost the valu- of the iabar be
stow d upon it by our convicts, it is a
building it would be well tor you to visit.
Its speedy completion is earnestly iecom-mended.
important obi ct of the 1 'epart
nmiao'at ion, ;s to prevent Emi-
'. i gratl-'ii. If lae proper appreciation o.
our own State by our own pcopie lsalPct
ed bv making known to the world its ad
vataT.gcs as a home, the most fruitful
e t'Vof restless desire to naive away and
trv other communities is done awav with
se tins only partially done, still
if the pa c -s if 'hose who go are filled by
thosa who come, the S'ate holds its own
a:ul re 1 S UIioo Its 1:1.1 .11 u n.c.e.i.s.- i
i.oniilatiou a pi mtitv that
not been uncertain. A f"',v years ago ear
mads of iMait.le e u'.d be seen h-av
tral points in
of the law as requires the sale at no: less
than par be repealed, ami thai the pro
ceeds of the sale used in aym-ant ot
the construction b n s.
The G ertior rceuuu: dais that ihss Li
st i tut ion be credit, d with sTo.ooti f.r w a k
w hich has b'eell d(.-iie without pay for the
Mate in various ways. Theie are ov.r
-loo c 'tivicts, iie states, m railway v.ak
and m the swam;)s fiom whom no r. v eh lit
is derived. He rtc mine aids that the Leg
i-iatui'- make an a ; pi opriat i on sulliei. i.t
to cover an eAp.-i.sfs. o, i:,c p.-:.. . i. ,
and that ail the earnings be ...vi-:..-d :.
the treasury. 11 tins is uo.a' no.-, w-m ;
energy and good management :!.; ::'-tiai- .
tion can be made .-'ai-susta aaig He
recommends the co:nnieti:i u; ihe tin.-ou 1
building, and shops, the pui ci.a-.e of ma
chinery, and the immediate estaiai-hmetit
of such industries as are thought neces
sary, so as to give constant employment
for so large a force of convicts. He
recommends the separation at young '.rim-
not be expected under the present laws;
number of children, rS0,8l); whi-es, 363,
082; colored, 216,8:57; a vera g attendance,
.ibovf " per cent. ; enrollment ,.- p r cent.
Th.. I niversit y .
O vieg re.iuotions made in its in
come i' 'he iast Legislature t he trustees
fouu" i accessary to cut down the num
ber of t ehers at the end of the collegiate
year mg August loth last, and the
pay roii .snow 22,700, which, with other
expenses, must be met bv tue fixed income
of $20,248, receipts from tuition and
escheats. The Governor says: "Devoted
as I am, and. as 1 bel eve the great major
ity of tin' people are, to the University, I
am glad to be able to say, in the language
of the faithful ollicer of the Treasury,
Colonel W. L. Saunders, "in spite of its
dillicu't ies the condition of this institution
is full of hope and encouragement
The Public Roads
are given particular attention. The Gov
ernor s;tys they are now little better ou the
v. hole than they were one hundred years
ago. Progress marks everything in North
Carolina save the highways. He ur;;es
such laws as wiii iil't the S'ate out of this
old rut. lie appeals to this legislature to
sake the initiative in this woik. Work
the roads by taxation by any method to
better them and prevent them from being
a disgrace to the State.
The lease of the North Carolina railroad
expires in 1901. The Governor sees a fu
ture for this read, and believes it will
eventually, out of its earnings, pay a large
part of the State's expenditures He also
notes the improvement in the Atlantic and
North Carolina railroad, ami .t.ys that iu
the near future it wall pay a dividend
the iirst ever paid. If a Railway Commis
sion is established by which, traffic rela
tions between ih;s road and others can be
made fair and jusi, the Govei nor says
Hyde county alone can sup, ly enough corn
f..r the mire State at reasonable rates,
lie i.. ks to the operation of this road and
trie Nod ti Carolina, road as one trunk line
:!2o miles long
A iiailroad Commission
! is most earnest ly recommended. The peo
I pie demand it; the time has come when
' son;., step must be taken. He recommends
j that tiie act creating a commission shall
, seek to prevent il iscriminat inns between
i individuals, secure reasonable rates, pre
vent discriminations between localities,
prevent rebates -;;.d drawbacks, which are
but covers for improper discrimination;
prev. ut pooling or con-hi nation with other
able men. with liberal salaries. No more
railways should be built without permis
sion or by the I.esislatui e, and all further
consolidations be prohibited save by con
sent of the Legislature-.
The Oyster Survey
has resulted m.-t satisfactorily. The Unit
ed Mates Coitsl Survey has co operated,
and ihe cost to the State has been very
smud. Ati aiea or over a million acres
has been examined, of w hich ."iSlLoOu was
found snitab'e for oysters. The Shell
1-1-h c nmmiss!o!'.ers nave completed an
1 la- mote important work assigned.
The IJouitdary Survey.
The surveys of the boundaries between
Virginia and North Carolina cost this
Sia'" $:.(''.)('. Viiginiu to Iw-ar a like ex
pens. . .'vs to thus survey the Governor
.-ays: "Tne State of Vi.giaia failed to
provide fuliv for her sh ire of the expense
THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE
MET IS THE SENATE CIIAMIIER
O.V .HO.M)AV AT NOON.
t 'iti.1 to (ova. taihlieitv tn 511 r.ites:
.-, ....... ... ,,....s...,. .... .... ....v..
commission should consist of three
e a.!:', be seen leavit g ceu
tho Sta'.; tor the west.
Texas, and the trade of the
inals trom the older and h '"I' liei ones.
I'll' Vglicilltiiia! mi l Mi ch.-iaieal College
i therto I Incompleted next summer, an a open
its doors to stno. nfs. tie .s a. a.s to
make theatuiiiou free or as n-aa i i w so as
possible. The law gives to each -aVv -
choi.ars as u lias memo -n- in
raiiroid emigrant agent had prolit in it.
Now the removal of a family causes corn-
is deprecated as
-entimeht has a right t express lt
l'his is worth a great deal to the
It engenders State pri
. iion ot trie state
ni'-iit m the press am
! Sr ate
1 the p.'i
standard and preserves the ir.l entauce to
! ilu. fii-titf'nl Mini tint lira! h it s
'e it teetis
to a high
It has been my fortune to stand upon
the floor of our State Capitol as a mem
ber of the Legislature jj( our State iu
the darkest days of the civil war,- and
again at the head of the military fores of
the State arf Adjutant General when She
whole power of our people waif being ex
erted in an unequal strife, and tig a: n upon
the judicial bench, when the a ntagoun-lic
principles ot military and civil govern
ment seemed to threaten a conflict of au
thority detrimental to the interests of this
Commonwealth which weal! love so much,
and yet my country men with unfeigned
diffidence, 1 say to you this day, the re
sponsibility which is about to devolve
upon me brings with it more apprehension
as to the result of my official action than
I ever felt before.
My distinguished predecessor has just
closed an administration, so wise and con
servative in its character that hardly a.
ripple has disturbed the surface ot the
current of public opinion during his en
tire term and yet 1 leel well assure I, tiiat
the future historian will refer to the last
four years, as the halcyon days of North
Carolina when the wisdom and jus! ice of
its Governor established peace and quiut.
throughout tl e length aud breadth of our
The next four years may be more trying,
but will you not, gentlemen of the Ct ue
ral Assembly and fellow citizens, give your
aid and influence in bringing increased
prosperity and development to our u bie i
old mother, and making her position in !
the sisterhood more glorious aud honor- j
able thau it has ever been before? j
This can only be done by w ise ami pa- !
triotie. laws, enacted by you who are rep- '
reseutatiyes ami by prompt and cheerful j
co-operation upon the part of cur citizens.
It can only ce done oy deepening auu
widening the foundation upon which rests,
in the hearts of the pecpla of North Caro
lina, the love of the American Uuiou.
When the prodigal son returned to the
house of his father, the misfortunes of his
past only added to the love and affection
which lie bore to his recovered home. Re
alizing the ardeut devotion entertained
by this people for the government of our
fathers, I unhesitatingly proclaim this
For Chairman ot ihe It. It. Commission.
ihe lower House of the l.egisl.
this wiil give free tuition to .- ma
will attend for some years to come.
The Insane Asv luins.
These are spiciaily sa' isfac'.ory,
managed, and doing a gonad work.
room at ihe asylum at K neigh
It now has 202 patients
From Roanoke News.
Public opinion seems to have settled into
the belh f that the present General As
sembly ill create a Railroad Commission.
11 it (foes the most important matter will
be the selection of the men to compose it,
for uiiic-s tin- right men are put on it it,
will do more harm than good.
The. appointees should be men whose
mental training will enah'e them to grasp
aud master the intricate system of tailmad
management; men who have the courage
to be aggressive when necessary, nerve to
stand pressure, firmness and decision to
execute the law anil make others do the
same; men of quick and k en perceptions,
able to meet ou equal grounds and cope
with the strong and active minds now en-o-a.'ed
in the railroad business of the
After such men have been found and
they can be found. though n-t easily, --the
prefet-er.ee should aiv.ays and in every
case be given to those of them who have
been and are failhtui to the Democratic
pariy and have shown their faith by their
Who, then, are tho men' The Roanoke
News knows the man who ought to he
made .Chairman of the Commission, be,
cause he possesses all these qualifications
iu a pre eminent degree and another be-,-;d.-s
he has no connection of any kind
with any railroad in or out of tiie State.
The man to whom we refer is Mr. Spier
Whitaker, of Raleigh ; we nominate him
iu the Lopi3 that he wid
for the pose io
cO ClvC -
iinanimoua'.v. lie n.u the
courage, the decision of char-
ac! r; he is oio euougu io prom oy uis ex
perience will, men and young enough to
have the menial and physical vigor neces
sary to Ihe discharge of the oneroutjdutlea
of tiie position. His loyalty to and work
for the Democratic party were fully made
known to the entire State on the Cth of
"For there was never yet a philoso
pher, that could endure the toothache pa
tiently." Perhaps not but there's little
wit in enduring it at all, when one bottle
of Salvation Oil will cure it.
neei ii'.! .
ee than its
proper capacity while tneie an m .puis
and poortiouses and in privat families iu
this division of the Si ate over M'o insane
who med asylum tieatment. In the jails
of some counties, sad to relate in this day
of enlightenment, there are persons so
corrfined simply because they are insane,
anil for no crime A letter from Judge
MaeRae, noting the.-e things, is given in
full. An appropi kit ion of :;s.,-,uo annual
ly tor the n-xt two years wiil be sufficient
for a vviirr to the asylum to accommodate
2'..o patients. Ti.e.e will be- ifsUm.'Ued)
JoO patients thia year in the a-Vlam at
Morgantou. and and next yea;
1 be Institution lor the tit'iitiuid Dumb
an.' the iSlind
is complimented for good 'management.
There are 287 pupils, or forty .--even more
than two years ago. There is ut-gei.i need
of a hospital at this institution, as other
wise, in case of an pideu. .'., it would have
to be closed.
These are declared, io tie wholly inade
quate with 4, :'?"! pensioners; there will be
only 7 each. Tne Governor recemmends
that ample provisions be made at least to
feed and clothe the soldiers who are both
de.-tuute and disabled, aud the sum paid
should be in pr.-rorttoM to the disability
and destitution. North Carolina has eom
meuced the vvotk. aud sdie can tMk no
step backwards. Cost what it may, she
must tnke care of those soldiers who nave
been so disabled in her .-ervice t hat they
cannot take care of fhtmselves. and (Lose
who are the widows of soldiers A ho were
killed iu battle and who are-
as to make State aid a iieticisiiy
The stale Gnri
is warmly complimented forefhc
annual appropriation of 0,000 lor au en
campment is urgently lecoiumendod, and
the securing of a ptu matieiit camp ground.
The increase of the salary of the Aujutant
General to $1,500 is urged.
The Governor nreseuti; the necessity for
longer terms of the public schools. The
average length of the terms of schools in
the btate is sixty-three days per annum;
amount of money spent in lUxa, including
special graded-school taxes, about 700,
000 a very small increase, but this could
as it arose, and it became necessary to
stop the work until she should do so,
which would have entailed large additional
tost, or for North Catohna to advance
what was necessary for Cat State. Upon
the ii com menda'iou of ti e commissioner
of North Carolina, the Hon. W. D. Pru-
i advanced f r the State of Virginia
um of ". oS.sH. It was understood
ibat North Carolina would be reimbursed
this money in a lew days. Our eommis
.sioher implied for it, according to the un
derstanding between the Virginia Commis.
siouer ami himself, but failed to get it. 1
wrote to Governor Lee twice in regard to
it. :-nd his reply was that the Legislature
of Vp ginia made a mistake and failed to
provide a sufficient appropriation for the
whole amount of costs, and that he would
retinal ti e money as soon as the next Leg
islature of that Mate met. The itemized
statement, of Mr. Pruden's account, with
ail voucheis, are on die in the executive
office, and tne lefteis of Governor I-.ee In
relation t the indebtedness are copied in
the executive letter book. This woik has
b eu a nuraniy well done, ami the one
peri tan- utlv marked by stones gotten out
bv the North Carolina p.eni entiary. Ac
company ing the report isa beautiful map,
well goton up, aud the w hole work set ms
I to be done lor ail time. ine commission
i er. W. D. Prudeu, and engineer, II. T
i Greenlcaf, Fso., both deserve great credit
! for their energy, skill, and intelligence in
the accomplishment of this v.ork."
An increase of the salaries of the Gov
ernor. Judges, Attornev-Geueral, Auditor,
Secretary of State, and Sup lanieiident of
Pubiie Instruction is recommended. A
few days ago one of the ablest of the Su
petior judges was, by reason of his meagre
salary, forced to resign.
The Tar ill'.
The Governor unsparingly attacks the
present tariff laws, and calls upon the
Legislature to agitate the ques'ii -i by
every means iu its power until the people
understand it and rise, and by (heir bal
lots put an end to this unjust and unequal
In the pa-t two ye i s there were sixty
one paiuons, seven reprieves, and seven
commutations of sentence.
A pjiropriai ions.
In conclusion, the Governor recommends
that the Legislature create a special com
mittee on ar.propriat'..);i3 to invite esti
mates from ail the departments of the
government and then frame a bill, includ
It was as Interesting a Funeral Occa
sion as we Have Attended in Many
Promptly at 12:1. a, Senate Chief Clerk
Fiirman requested that the front seats be
vacated for the electors. A distinguished
crowd had assembled to witness the pro
ceedings. Judge Geo. H. Brown, elector
from the First district, requested K. M.
Hirraan to act as Secretary. The roll was
calhd and all the members answered to
their names. On motion of Hon. A. M.
Waddell. seconded by Judge Brown, Hon.
F. N. Strud-.vick was elected President of
the College. Upou takinsr the chair, the
distinguished gentleman did not make a
speech, saying that not to do so was more
honored m the breach than in the obser
vance. On motion of Jno. E. Woodard.
Esq., Mr. R M. Furman was elected Sec
retary. Mr. Furman then read the cer
tificates of the election of the eleven Dem
ocratic Electors, signed by Gov. Scales.
ihe following are the gentlemen who
made the brilliant canvass in North Caro
lina, and North Carolina Democrats ought
never to forget their important services:
At-Large Alfred M. Waddell and
FUEIiElUCK N. Strudwiik.
1st District Georue H. Brown, Jn.
2nd District John E. Woodard
:5rd District Charles B. Aycock.
4th District Edward W. Pou, Jr.
5th District John II. Dohson.
flrh District Samuel J. Pemiserton.
7th District Leroy C. Caldwell.
Sth District Thomas M. Vance.
oth District William T. Crawford.
Distinguished as were the spectators and
the electors; dignified and important as
were the proceedings; solemn as were the
oaths of office administered by Chief Jus
tice Smith, it partook something of the
nature of a funeral. Voting for a defeat
ed (or dead) candidated for President
was like preaching the funeral of a de
ceased friend. There were no flowers.
no tears, no crape. And yet there was not Solomon, King of Israel, who organized
wanting the funeral oration and adminis- ana marshaled for effective work the
tering of the Iat sad rites. We could but architects of distinct and discordant na-
conrrast this meeting of the electors with tionalities, who by their skill and fidelity
that of four years ago. Then the electors brought into existence that model of hu
were elated "with victory. They looked man excellence (the temple of Solomon)' to
forward with lovful anticipations to a surpass wnicu nas named tne sKill ot gen-
long Democratic reiem. Now the loremost. lus ever since, the workinsrman. from
man of America is defeated. The Demo the best skilled to the merest bearer of
cratie star does not shine with the bright- burdens, has been enabled to raise his head
ness that then characterized it. It is and claim for himself a distinction and
pleasant, however, in this sad burial of position equal in influence and importance
our hopes to reflect that North Carolina lo luai or lQe ucsn or any land. lne
stood true to the Democracy. Savior of the world, the sou of the Most
John E. Woodard, Eqs., made a motion H'gh God. tle Prince of Peace, left the
that the election of a messenger be con- courts of Heaven, where angels and prinei-
fuied to a member of the college. palities worshipped Him, humbled himself
T M. Vance, Esq., placed iu nomination to ' born ot woman, not a princess or of
as messenger E. W. Pou. Jr.. Esq . of noble birth, but a mechanic's wife He
Johnston county. He is the youngest enobled and dignified labor by working
member of the college The nomination himself at the bench, and being not aiam
was s eouded by John E. Woodard, Esq., ed to be called the carpenter's bodQ He
who favored him. not on v because he s was poor too oecame so ror our saKes.
the youngest, but also the handsomest thu consecrating poverty and exalting
member of the eollce rami Ol low estates,
I t . : . . t. 1 ,,
Col. Waddell's Kh sant Si.eeth. . V 'f l".luc "-a huuguieu iu an ages, men
Hon M Waddell ol.eed in nomin.,- look tov .ho?e evidences of a people's pro
tion as President ti rover Cleveland, of
New ork. He said :
Mr. President. 1 have the honor to
nominate Grover Cleveland, ot New
York, for President of the United States.
I expected auotherto perform this duty
and to say what is appropriate to the oc-
cssion until a tew moments ago. It is not
my purpose to make any extended re
marks, ami least of all to indulge m any
speculations as to the causes of the disas
ter which recently overtook the Demo
cratic party, but, having been recently con
firmed m eome opinions on the subject, 1
may be pardoned lor saying a tew words.
i be boldest mariner is not always the
safest navigator. It he miscalculates the
The .Mechanics ol Wilson Present Sena
tor Kins With a Cane.
A pleasant incident occurred in Wilson
on the day before Dr. R. W. King, Senator
from the 7th District, left for Raleigh.
The mechanics, through H. F. Murray,
Esq., prsented Dr. King with a gold-head-id
cane. Judge Connor, Dr. C.J. O'Hagan
and Jno. F. Bruton, Esq., made speeches
appropriate to the occasion. The presenta
tion took place iu Mamona Opera House
w-here a large crowd had gathered. Dr.
King made the following response, which
we copy from the Wilson Advance:
I am not a mechanic or the son of a me
chanic. I cannot even claim that I am
what every man is foolishly said to be
the architect of his own fortune. Consid
ering 1 have no fortune I feel sorrier to
night than I ever did before that I am
without one. But oh, if I were only rich
enough, w hat a banquet I would offer to
the noble fellows, whose hospitality and
honors so fill my heart this evening with
unutterable emotions. But alas! I am a
beggar, even in words though were I as
rich as Pericles, in that golden coinage of
the brain, in which the heart of the elo
quent may happily pay tribute of grati
tude, yet in the gloiy of my present feel
ings, I should esteem myself without wit
or words, action or utterance. I hope
though that I shall be able hereafter to
testify my appreciation of your kindness in
something better than expressions, which
any man can make. Mr. Murray has justly
said that you are "world builders." I
cannot detain you to describe even an
outline of your Titanic exploits. The vast
and splendid pagodas and temples of Asia,
the glories of Babylonian workmanship,
the stupendous productions of your skill
and devotion scattered all over Europe,
from St. Peters to Westminister Abbey,
are undying witnesses of your antiquity
and power. Well may you" point to these
eternal testimonials, and say with just
pride, "Si monumentum sequins circum-
spiee, 'it thou askest a monument to our
labors, look around' !" Since the days of
gress, which mark its distinction among
the nations of the earth, &c.
I thank you most sincerely for the mark
of distinction which your partiality has
accorded to me this evening. Having al
ways claimed yon as friends, I find uow.
as ever before in the past, my claim has
been well founded.
If in the course of my legislative labors,
to which your spokesman h is referred,
any occasion should arise lor your ad
vancement or defence, be sure 1 shall bo
Gentlemen, I shall make au heirloom of
this beautiful caue, and God grant I may
live to teach my children's children to bo
proud of it.
. . - , . . i , . , i .ilium luau&i-iii tuu i ... i w u l Muuucntf
,-,,olilmn anil rnree or the uanil anil ttOA I. & .J .
, ...-.. i ...i u to me, I bid you "rood evening and with it
wouiu oe, wuuoui reiraro io luem, or now - -
his sails are trimmed, he is ant to meet r" K. R. Commissioner.
So it is in politics, and the result of the lrom Scotland isecK Democrat. J
late election furnishes a striking illustra- It seems to be settled that the present
tion of it. Those who navigated the great legislature will create a Kaiiroad Cotnmis
shin Democracy a ried to nut Le r into nort sion.
before the tide was full high, and when me democrat, nom mates . n. Mteiieu
the wind, which would soon have swelled tor Chairman ot that Commission
dl her sails, had hist begun to ripple the Aortn Carolina is to-aay under a Denio-
urface of the waters. cranio aommistration, ano it is ror uemo-
Thev therefore drifted and went ashore, eratic lawmakers to say what shall l
but not upon the rocks, thank God. She done, and it is tor the appointing powers
is oniv on a sand shoal, and when the tide to say who shall doit. JNow, we maintain
rises she will Uoat again unharmed in hull that the men whose labors have given the
or rigging, and although this trip is lost,
she will reach her destination. That the
tide will rise is as certain as that the ship
has struck and when it rises it will ebb no
more. Tariff reduction is as inevitable as
it is just, and t he faith of every true Demo
crat m it remains unshaken until it comes.
The Democracy of North Carolina abide
iis coming with absolute confidence, and
in the meantime they do not propose to
crawl before their victorious adversaries
or solicit charity at their hands. They
expect no favors at the nands of the in
state a Democratic administration should
have preference in those positions that are
given as a reward for merit and an incen
tive to laudable ambition.
Hon. W. ii. Kitchen has done as much
for the Democratic party in North Caro
lina as any man could be asked or expect
ed to do. Whenever the battle-cry has
been sounded he has buckled on the armor
and has marched to tho front in the thick
est of the fight, and has never retreated
from a single contest. For years he has,
in overy campaign, denounced with un-
ing all such items of expenditure, and
only such, as have b en authorized by lnw.
For President Pru Tfiil ol the Senate.
Special Cor. State Chronicle. 1
On account of the indisposition of the
Lieutenant Governor, who should not be
all') ed to overtax his strength, whatever
mav bo hi? w!iit:gu-s to do so, for the
puoi.o service it will be neces.-ary to choose
a presiding officer of the Senate.
Who shaH it be? There sre fifty
&i;.iB, iiurty-seven ot them Democrats to
whom, of . -nurse, the selection is narrow
ed, oi These many aie worthy, and it is
embri'.'i lining to choose. Let's apply a
familiar rule and see how it w ill work out.
Who is the oldest Senator in continuous
service? Senator Willi H- Williams. Why
go further? lie is a veteran Democrat.
He heab all factions at home and will nit
offer for election unless he gets a unani
mous call from hiii constituents. He ii
able, Le is honest. More reasons would
be given, but why multiply words. He
fills the definition of fitness given us by
the apostle of Democracy. For President
then,Wil!is li. Williams, of Pitt. W.
ii i i omvimtirii anarifu onsl it -itVi itn (tinrikirii i.nl
coming administration, and couio not aK sc. n. cu.gJ uu uuuiui,uiu8ii;iii
them without a sacrifice of self respect, the corruption and maladministration of
They expect justice to ba administered, the Republican party. From the moun-
bufthey evpetit it to bo administered tain i to the sea shore his voice has been
throu-'h Republican agencies, and with loud from almost every hustings in pro-
the selection of those agencies they will claiming to his fellow-citizens the pnnci-
not concern themselves. pies of Demociacy. His work has not been
1 1 do not fear any hostile action by Mr. done with half a heart, but he has put hia
Harrison towards our section of the coun- whole heart and his champion powers un-
rv The universal opinion is that he is reserved into bis every effort, simply for
an honest man and personally incorrupt- the safety of the Democratic party and
hie and for that very reason 1 anticipate the good of the people,
that he wiil have some trouble in his own Mr. Kitchen, apart from all party fideli-
political household. Indeed 1 am sure he ty, and there is not purer on American
will have a very warm time, and will be soil, is peculiarly fitted for the position of
cordially hated, not by his Southern Chairman of the Railroad Commission, in
countrymen, but by the corrupt and ag- that he nas the good will of the people of
gressive elements of his own party. the State at heart. He is, too.a man of eis
Our duty is plain let us discharge it tended observation and largo experience,
faithfully and fearlessly. Let us keep our With all these considerations, no more
organization intact let us constantly in- fitting thing could be done in crowning
sisx on reforms in legislation and in the Democratic victory ot the State than
the methods of administration let us to recognize ment.reward faithful service,
make no compromise of principle, and and make safe the successful operations
cherish no unseemly yearning after the of the Railroad Commission by making
itesh-pors; but with loyalty to our coun- Hon. W. H. Kitchen its Chairman. He is
t-, ..o,.i to our oolitieal faith, let us na- the most fearless Democrat in the State.
liently, but with unflagging devotion, has the courage of his convictions under
au-t.it the pomimr of the next ouadrennial a circumstances, and is the man to bo
but with unflagging devotion, com aSc ui ui cuuvicwous ui
e coming of the next quadrennial all circumstances, and is the man tc
aud when it is upon us let us chosen Chairman of the Commission.
quit ourselves like men and win a glorious
Messrs. Woodard and Vance wero ap
pointed tellers- The voto was announced
li for Giovr Cleveland.
Mi. S. J. Pemberluii placed in nomina
tion Allen G. Thurman, of Ohio, for V ice
A Sate Investment.
Is one which is guaranteed to bring you
satisfactory results, or, in case of failure,
a return of purchase price. On this safe
plan you can buy from our advertised
Druggist a bottle of Dr. King's New Dis-
He praised l'hurman because oovery for Consumption. It is guaranteed
he had ieeu true to the Constitution of 1 to bring relief in every case, when used
the-country, aud truo tu the Democratic for any affection of Throat, Lungs or
parly, tie wua not discouraged nor out
of heart. Ho believed that the Democrats
would not take to the woods or get in a
hole ou accouut of the recent defeat.
The vote was announced 11 for Thur-man.
They say Bigelovv is suing "Bettie
and the Baby" for half of their gift money,
but the baby don't care a son, so long as
it can get plenty of Dr, Bull's CoughSyrap.
Chest, such as Consumption, Inflamma
tion of Lungs, Bronchitis, Asthma, Whoop
ing Cough, Croup, etc., etc. It is pleas
ant and agreeable to taste, perfectly safe,
and can always be depended uon. Trial
bottle free at Ie, Johnson Sc Go's, drug
, . . .The election in Mecklenburg coonty
last week to subscribe a certain amount to
build other railroads to CharlotU fail4
by 44 votes,
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