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The State Chronicle
The State Chroniclo SUBSCRIBE ! JOSEPHU8 DANIELS, Editor. PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY BY THS CHRONICLE PUB. CO. Three times as many Subscribers as it had three years ago, and still booming. GIVE US 10,000. A 8QUTH1RN FAMILY NBW8PAFKR FOR TOWN AND COUNTRY, DBTOTID TO THE WELFARE OF NORTH CAROLINA, AND THE SOUTH. SUBSCRIPTION: n.oo Per Annum. VOL. XIX. RALEIGH, N. C, FRIDAY, MAY 17, 188?). NO. 15. Advertising: Rates Low. State THE EDITOR'S DESK. COMMENTS ON TOPIC'S THAT ARE 1NTKK EST ING THE PKOI'LE. . The Chntnirlf Expresses Its Opinion on ;isiii'4 Public Events and Questions of Interest Now Itetore the People. It is announced that Senator Matt. W. Kansom will deliver the memorial oration (..tore the aluinoi of the North Carolina University on the occasion of the celebra- t;..n June .;h nest, of the centennial of Tlu' charter of the University. Hundreds :' alumni from all parts of the South will !, j.reseut at the grand dinner reunion rtception. .U iKiF. Walter Clauk with his usual kW-.ness, has lined a man in Cleveland ninty one hundred dollars for treating 1 election day. Fayeiteviile, Observer. We fear that the observation of our iend of the Observer has not been aceu- t!" r.t if he thinks Judge Clauk is reck less." On the contrary he is careful that, -reckless" violators of the law shall be punished. If Judge Clark is "reckless" 1 hen the Chronicle's prayer is for more recklessness. . Thus. H. SrrroN, F.sij , of Fayetteville, lias an article in this week's Progressive Farmer in which he strongly favors build ing a Home for the needy ex-Con federate -.oMiois. He says that the Home ought to !. hcated '-in the town of Fayetteville, where we have health, pure water, as tine n clim tte and as much natural beauty as can be found auywlx-re iu the South. To w!i:ch may be addt d thi; town contains a : iple whose every heart-throb beats in s-vupuhy with the indigent and d-sabied ex-LVu federate soldier." one (iF Ti.'F. most interesting incidents Memorial day iu Raleigh was the eree ti ii of in the Cotiietlerate Cemetery -a u :n -rial to Likit. -Vau! who was hung bv order of Kilpatuk'K who had cliarge of the Northern forces near the c"Ue of he war. The stone bears this inscription: ".First I.ieltenant Walsh, 11th Texas Cavalry, Iied At'RiL 13 tu, 1S05." "ve are glad that the last resting place this daring soldier, whose death was -1 "U:ng removed from brutal murder, is .-.urkti by a stone erected by his admirers :. Ualeigu. OLD OFFICERS HE-ELECTED. At the meeting of the Hoard of Agricul n. re held in Kt'.eigh last week Mr. John ;;,;1!.min was re elected Commissioner of .Agriculture. The vote stood: K miNs N fj. B. ViiLLLirs 1; W. A. B. Branch 1. In. Heup.eet Battle was re elected ue Chtm:.t, and Mu. T. K. P.arNF.n S -cretary without opposition, and all the :i)er officers were re-elected. This re-election must be gratifying to -he oaicers of the depart ment. The Chr .n- i e congratulates them upon this endorse ment by the Board and is in full sympathy -vith every movement they make to for ward the interests of t:i farmer through he operations of the Board. XII E B ATTLE OK Til E RECULA TOKS. From Alamauc? Gleaner. 'The battle of the Regulators, where -.he first blood was shed for real liberty in America, is n marked and ut signified to he traveler.'" The above is quoted from Senator Vance's speech at the Guilford Battle f i round Celebration on -1th in&t., and we -write this to correct th.e error that the Senator has fallen into and into which he s likelv to lead others. Tlt. Rattle of the Regulators was fought Mar i..lT71, and resulted disastrous to 'ae liegu'iS tors, but it was the real begin :i:ng of tL struggle for Amerkuui inde pendence. Iu the year 1880 au association was or ganized, of which J. L. SovT, Esq., was Prudent, and Rev. Dr. D. A.X.ov;, now L're-.ulent of Antioch College, Ohio, was S -. retary and by his untiring energy and ;.-i-si.-tent efforts sufficient money was raised to eret a monument to mark the : ;.ot where the liegulators shed the first i.Iood on American oii for the cause of Urty and freedom; and on the SJ'.Kh day .f Mav lb8u. the monument was uuveilcd with ai.;.ropriate ceremonies, in the pres- ! : icc of :;0G or 4,o00 people. Our pres- ir worthy Governor, the Hon. Dan'l G. ;'o-ale, and Lieut. Gov., Uos. Tjios. M. !I..i.t, Hon. John Manning and others, among them descendants of some who .'.ere in the battle, were present and made -;-v-hes. The monument stands on the .t ry battle field and amid the graves of ome. of the Regulators who perished "here. The monument is a shaft of Ala .'iiance granite and will mark the Hattle-th-Ld of Alamance until the "Muse of his tory writes finjs with a pen of fire." A WORD TO OPPOXEXTS OF PI IJ I.IC KCIIOOLS. ;.Maj. -S. M. Finger, Supt.of Public Instruc tions. If you are opposed to taxation for pub lic tJchools for any reasons satisfactory to ,our.-."lf, look at your tax receipt and see ho w little you really pay on your proper ; y for schools. Unless you live in a com munity that taxes itself especially for .chouLs, you pay only 12 cents on 100 of property. Far the larger pait of our i-'uool money comes from poll-tax, fines, liquor licenses, kc. If you are worth $3, ono, you are probably assessed at about f!,0ou, on which you pay .00 school tax; if you are worth $4,000, your assessed valuation is probably about $2,000, on which you pay $2.."i0 of school tax. Is not your school tax smaller thau you thought it was? However this may be, is it not the part of wisdom to recognize the fact that public education is a part of our modern civilization, that it is fixed in our constitution, and that we cannot yet rid of it even if it were a proper thing to do? Is it not the part of wisdom, ev u for those who are opposed to public tduca tion, to help the school officers to make good use of the money which the State puts into their hands to manage? After all, can North Carolina afford to lag behind her sister Southern States in the matter of general education? We are very much behind Virginia, Tennessee and all the Southern States but one or two, in the length of our public school terms. But pTrhaps you say the negroes are in the way. Well, we will not discuss the education of the negroes here. But do you know thaf, including poll-tax which they actually pay, and lines, forfeitures, and penalties, the negroes furnish a large proportion of the money that is applied to their public schools' Hut whatever may le said about the education of the negro, the following are questions every man should earnestly ask himself: Can we afford to allow the white children to grow up in ignorance because the negroes are here? Shall 1 be a party to the ignorance ot the white children lie cause i do not think education does the negroes any good, or because 1 do not want to be taxed, for the education of ne groes? After all, are not liberal public schools a necessity for the State's welfare ard progress as well as for the safety ot my life and property? Ought 1 not to ac cept the modem ideas on this subject. which are so emphasized all around me Ought 1 n--t to accept tin inevitable aud leuu a helping hand MR. PATRICK'S It EN 1 X A T V J X . Mr. J. T. Patrick, who for a long term of years has been Immigration Agent for North Carolina has resigned. He will be come agent for the Southern Immigration Association. Mr. Patrick has been fer tile iu resource aud expedients, unflag ging and untiring in cai and energy, wise and discreet in executing his piuL, and successful in a gratifvi'. measure h; the important field iu which he has labored. The Chronicle is a thorough believer in the policy of attempting to secure good immigj .i.'iou to North Carol it; a and we have seconded in our feeble way most of Mr. Patrick's plans. J.'e is succeeded by Mr. Peter M. Wilson who is on- of the moit accomplished and well informed men iu the rotate. We have no other man so web qualified for peculiar and im portant work. If the people .,f tho entire State will give Mr. Wilson an actwe co operation and enter with appreciative-readiuc-o to-he!p in the work he will un dertake, the WiW rri'l receive great bene fit from his labors. We give to our readers the- f.noviug expression in regard to Mu. Patrick's resignation from the Board of Agriculture: It is not intended to go into any extend ed notice of the results of the work done under Mr. Patrick's management. He will furnish the Board a resume of it at it.-: request, and it will appear iu the Bul letin and no doubt will be widely circu lated by the State press as good industrial matter. Reference may be had here to two single enterprises, one the canning of vegetables and small fruiu. When he be gan working up these establishments there was not a cannery in the State, now there are a score or more and the annual value of their products sum up into the thous ands of dollars. The other is the smart village of Southern Pines, which stands where thtie tyas formerly a mere sand hill. It has been built by Northern peo ple who are pleased with it; wonderful climate. If there was nothing else ti.ede would be worthy landmarks. But the words of the committee v, ill speak a fair serisc- of hi? deserts. The Board of Agriculture accepts with sincere regret the iesigna.ti.in of J. T. Pat rick, Agent of I ni migration. For six years Mr. Patrick has conducted the work "of this department always in perfect harmonv with the Board aa to the results to oe aceompusneu, as mey cany learned to accept his own methods of con ducting tne work as eminently wise ana practical. They testify of their certain knowledge that they have never seen so large a work accomplished with so small an expenditure of mean;, aud they hereby record their emphatic testimony that they have not known anywhere an officer who has shown greater singleness of devotion to the public's interest, coupled at the same time with a zeal so constant, an en ergy so unflagging, aud a disregard of self-eomfoit or aggrandizement absolutely unparalellert within the limits of our ob servation. The Board reiterates its regret .t the necessity of this severance of their official j and personal association with Mr. Patrick and desire this highest commendation to of with him in any field of work so for tunate :.).s to secure his services. A. Lea.ar, .1. F. Payne, C. i). S;.;jth. Programme l Com menremeii t Exercises ot the I ni versil y ol .North Carolina. Sunday, June 2nd, Baccalaureate Ser mon, by'Hishnp Wr. W. Duncan. Tuesday, June 4th, 11 A. M., Senior Clas Day Exercises. 4 P. M., Speaking. by Representatives of the Literary Societies. H-M0 Meeting of the Literary Societies. Wednesday, June nth, Centennial Cele bration of the University. 11 A. M., Address before the Alumni, by Senator Ransom. 12:30, Annual meeting of the Alumni Association. 2 P. M., Alumni Dinner. S::;0 Roll call of Alumni by classes. Speeches by representatives of each class. Special class exercises. Thursday, June Cth, Commencement lav. h::;0 P. M., Social Reunion of Trustees and Alumni in Library Hall. A Sound Legal Opinion. E. Bainbridge Munday, Esq., County Att'y., Clay Co., Tex. says: "Have used Electric Bitters with most happy results. My brother also was very low with Malarial Fever and Jaundice, but was cured by timely use of this medicine. Am satisfied Electric Bitters saved his life." Mr. D. I. Wilcoxson, of Horse Cave, Ky., adds a like testimony, saying: He positively believes he would have died, had it not been for Electric Bitters. 'Ibis great remedy will ward off, as well as cure all Malarial Diseases, and for all Kidney, Liver and Stomach Disorders stands unequalled. Price 50c. and $1. at Ix?e, Johnson & Co's. THE SOUTH IN LITERATURE. a growing school of writers of soirniEux fiction. The Fostering Care of Northern Maga zines Towards Ambitious Writers of the South Some who Have Won Fame. WOFFORD Collf.oe, Spartanburg, S. C, May 11, 189 A few years ago the cry was heard on every hand "Let us have a Southern magazine of high literary grade!" The plea was that, owing to the bitterness engendered by the civil war Southern w riters could not get a hearing in North ern magazines; that Northerners stoutly persisted, iu literary as well as in political matters, that no good could possibly come out of Nazareth. As the years have worn away the cry has become feebler. South ern capital was neither strong nor enter prising enough to establish a magazine which could successfully compete with the great New York monthlies. The only attempt to establish such a magazine was made at Louisville about live years ago; but the Southern Bivouac nosoonir showed signs of vigor than it was bought out by the Century. Several young writers, whose first efforts appear ed in the Bivouac, now contribute regu larly th? Century. So Southern talent has been obliged to go Vortb for an out let; aud be it said to the lasting credit of Northern publishers that they forgot war prejudices much more quickly than did the politicians, and were not slow to see and appreciate the efforts of young South ern writers. A. fresh, breezy story is a thing of deiight to the .editor of a literary journal, and it became plain to the editors as well as to their reader that the veius struck in the literary mines of the South yielded rich 01'e. The New F.ngland Yankee -and a truly interesting character he was has been masquerading through our lighter, litera ture t, dl we know all his tricks by heart, and now the time h come when his place is being rapidly taken by i resrr.T tjotithern HIM Wet,-ni tvpej The uthc-rn especially has vouiw io be looked upon as the winning card in our big magazines. They sometimes tell their readers that the next number will contain, among other attraction. ; fresh Southern story. More than one Nortueru critic ha; said that the best stones we get nowadays come from tile South; and ex-Judge Tourgee, in a lute ;iumi,e. of the Forum, gives it as his opinion that the Soutn i, destine, io reap a rich harvest iu the field of fiction. He thinks that the Southern negro find the Confederate soldier will get the lion's bLaivi in. the song and story of the coming years, it :oi th,'si be true, it is not a mat ter for boating, b;4t rot o; jst congratu lation. Why should we not have a literary re naissance? Our pulses have been quick ened by the stir and thunder of a civil war; wu have a picturesque aud checkered past iu which tho social fabric was semi patriarchal and semi feudal, tho iuteret in which will deepen as the years bring their changes; the Old South is pre-eminently a laud of memories, and around many a fireside to day may be heard tales of privation and poverty, of noble daring aud of still nobler sacrifice; many a grave now covered with periwinkles apd rose has its story of love and devotion and death. All these literary sheaves may be had for the gathering; and the following cur sory glance -at some of the writers who arc'now delighting thousands of our mag azine roaderw will show that the reapers have not beeu slow to thrust in their sick les and that the harvest has been far from ( scant. The first Southern writer who won a national reputation after the war was Mr. George W. Cable. He published in the Century a ieries of sketches of creole life in Louisiana, which at once attracted pub lic notice. The life pictured was new to aot American readers, and the lightness and grace of touch with which the work was done did not fail to charm. Mr. Ca ble, desp.te his vagaries on the negro ques tion, continues to please many readers of the great magazines. Two other New Orleans writers nave won their spurs within the pat three years Miss Grace King and Mr. Lafcadio Hjarn. They have infused into their stories of New Orleans life more wealth of coloring and tropical warmth than Mr. Cable has into his. Mr. Hearn writes for Harper's, and Miss King has contributed teveral stories of Creole life to the New Princeton Review. Coming further east, we find a group of stoty tejlers who picture the life of mid dle and nothern Georgia, dealing with the cracker, the negro and the mountaineer. These writers are Col, Richard llalcom Johnston, Joel Chandler Ilarria and Harry Stillwell Edwards. Col. Johnston was 50 years of age when he gained a foothold in the Century, his earlier life having been devoted to law and teaching. He has made hi home of late years in Baltimore, and gives to literary work his undivided time. Both Mr. Harris and Mr. Edwards have had journalistic training, the former ... . tit., i . : i .. ... I -. jn Atlanta auu me uiner iu Mitcuu. an. Edwards has recently published several hu morous stories in th. Century. The Old Dominion furnishes the next group of writers as we journey northward along the Atlantic coast. The Mother of Presidents can claim to by far the largest number of the newer story-writers. Thom as Nelson Page's storie of life in Old Virginia, in which the pathetic devotion of the old family negro is idealized, are read with delight around every fireside; Mrs. Amelie Rives Chanler enjoys the questionable distinction of being the American Ouida; Miss Frances Uourtenay Baylor, Miss M. G. McClelland and Mis Julia Magruder nave not only published volumes which give faithful pictures of certain phases of Southern life, but they contribute regularly to the metropolitan magazines. Perhaps the latest aspirant forliterary fame is Mr. A. C. Gordon, who has written for the Century some charac teristic sketches, which show decided ability. Tennessee and Kentucky come in for their share of glory; each contribute one story-teller of national reputation. Charles Egbert Craddock's stories of mountain life in Tennessee, which have appeared from time to time in the Atlantic Monthly, are too well known to require commeut. Mr. James Lane Allen has contributed to Harper's and the Century several sketches of Kentucky life which have the genuine bluegrass freshness and charm. The limits of this article will not allow even a notice of the younger poets: and while there are other story-tellers whose names deserve to be mentioned, my aim has been to notice only those who are known to the nation. Others will doubt less win their place for themselves in the near future, but iu the meanwhile enough names have been mentioned to show that Southern writers have been kindly re ceived by Northern readers, and that the great magazines have become truly na tional by ignoring all sectionalism in the selection of their literary matter. It is needless to add that the rellex of this magnanimity upon Southern writers has been wholesome and gratifying. While their writings contain the warmth and color aud glow of Southern life, they have shaken sectional shackles from their limbs and have breathed into their work the broad spirit of nationality, whiuh is grow ing and strengthening everyday. North ern magazines have become national maga zines, and Southern writers have become national writers. A. W. Lonu. :oVEKNOIt FOWEE'S SPEM II, At the Itanquet .iven !v the Southern Historical Society ol Xew York. Mji. President ani Gentlemen: If there i one Ltate in this American Tniou that does not know how to blow it own (rum pet, it is North Carolina. Applause, j And yet I tell you that there are no people now within the city of New York that are prouder of the display which the Union made day before yesterday thau those of the old North State. Applause. Dur ing this entire CeiTteunial celebration there wiw one grievance that Nrth Carolina had against New y ork, and omy one, and I will tell you what it was; When you placed us in the procession, you put itl, 000 men from New York in such a position that it took a long time for North Caroli na to greet her sister, South Carolina. Laughter and Applause. Hut North Carolina got there all the same. Itugh trr apd Applause. I I want to say one thing to i his grand New Vork Southern Historical Society. It did my heart good, my countrymen, when I saw the title upon the ticket tli:t t"as sent to me only yester day to meet you hOfi tu-nl.t - ,i;d u hy? Because, member of the Southern Histor ical Society, we wish you to have treasur ed upon your record every brtve act of every Confederate soldier in the late war between the States, and for this reason : Because we want to show ou that the net tiiy, if id cur d:;v, the United S-atcs of America is engaged ,a any -trugsrle with any foe, that t h:se same Southern soldiers intend to surpass their record, in behalf of Our coiuun.n country. Loud Applause. New York may loce this American Union, and Georgia, through her distingished sons, may boast of its devotion to this Union, but let me tell ou th, it! old North Carolina has w it I her breast an HiTectiOu for this Union of our fathers that is second to no State upon the soil fif North America. jLoud Ap plajise. j My countrymen, do you know why it i thai we had such a grand cele bra'iion as this? 1 stood upon your streets and went in a carriage from one end to the other, and 1 gazed hi the faced of a million of freemen, who prided themselves in the title of American citizens. Ap plause.! Why is it that we had such a lcwnstri?tiou as this? I will tell you, sir, why, wucw i he c-.,uthpr;i States went from the Union there was one ihin. ti.cy par ried with them. It was that grand, glori ous instrument, that, work of pure patriots and sagacious statemen, that best model of uivil government which human virtue or wisdom lias devisea t tie Constitution of the United States. Loud applause. And wheu we returned again to this Union we found that some old glorious Constitu tion and at this day, plain, honest North Carolina stands the j eer and the sister of magniilcent Vow York. Applause. There is une thv.g tht has ben in uy heart ever since the the war terminated, and 1 tell you my countrymen, my Ameri can countrymen, that day before yester day, for the tlrst time, it seemed to me that before these eyes closed iu death they might see the desire of my heart fulfilled, and it was this. In English history, wheu the wais ot the roses were over, the sons of Luuca.Uer joined iu praising the deeds of York, and the sous of York gloried in the manhood of Lancaster, and their deeds conjoint ly were wcaved together in order to form a chaplc-t with which itity might crown their old mother England. May the time come wheu th ; glorious deeds of the Union soldiers and the equally glorious deedo of the Confederate soldiers may be taken and weaved iu oue phaplet, with which we will crown aji America. Loud applause. And wheu that time comes, then my coun trymen, will come the day when the Na tional mausoleum to bo erected to our great leader, Abraham Lincoln Loud applaasej will only be (.quailed by anoth er monument erected to our Christian Southern leader Robert Edward Lee. Loud applause. And then a monumett erected by a grateful country to the large hearted aud honorable soldier, Ulysses S. Grant, Ixmd applause will be equalled by America's monument to one of the greatest soldiers of modern times, Stono wall Jackson. Loud applause. I When that time pomes and pome it will, every one in this broad Union may take the poet's own words and say: "The Union of lakes, the Union of lauds, The Union or Stateu, let none sever; The Union of hearts, the Union of haii.l.-i, And the tlatc of our Union forever." Three cheers and a tiger were then given to the Governor of North Carolina. AGAINST EXOIH STM. A Xegro Has Fonnil an 'Insummilahl Ohslikle." From Wilson Advance. Ve saw a negro mtin k''ng up the street Saturday with a sack, containing a peck of meal, slung over his right shouider aiid a bottle, filled with "corn juice," in his lett coat pocket. We accosted him and the following dialogue ensued; "Say, uncle, meal and 'tangleleg' don't mix well, do they" "Look-a-here boss, you mus'ter come from Pitt county, ter ax me sich a ques tion as dat." "Why, what do you mean?" "He! He!" he laughed, "Why, boss, don't you kno' dat if we mix up our meal wid corn licker w'en we go to cook bre'd, dat dey can't take u off ter Arkansas. It's er solemn fac', boss; an' let me tell you: dis nigger (loan wanter go, an' cum right down here ter town an' got dis licker an' meal an' ter morrow I'm gwine ter put au ii au-nmitable obstikle in de way of car ryin' dis nigger off, I is. He! He! whar did you cum frum, anyhow '" "Oh! why should the spirit of mortal be proud"? We have often wondered why, and have concluded that we don't know, unless it be that the aforesaid mortal is conscious of the fact that at his disposal, at all times, are Dr. Pierce's Pellets, to relieve him, should he suffer from "torpid ity of the liver, sick or nervous headache, dyspepsia, constipation, etc. Druggists. MAXTON. THIS LIVE TOWX WANTS jIEX OF EXE1UJY, IICT XO FOGIES. She Has Railroad Faeilities, Water Power, Plenty of Labor, Plenty of Cotton and Enjoys Health. Staff Cor. of State Chronicle. Maxton, Robeson Co., N. C, May 15. In the Southern portion of our State, in that good county of Robeson, is situated young but pushing Maxton. She has not been putting herself up as a great Chicago of commercial enterprises nor hits she blown a big horn. She has consented for her neighbors to do the blowing while she has been hard at work to develop her un bounded resources. Maxton is situated at the juueture of tho Cape Fear & Y adkin Valley and C. C. Rail roads, very near midway between Char lotte and Wilmington. It has in its cor porate limits 700 people, and they are re markably enterprising. Her history may date back to the war, but not until of late years. since she has rid herself of 'he name of Slioe Heei, mine hpr pcopio nion thd possibility of making her a pushing busi ness mart for the Central Southern section of the State. This name of Shoe Heel was taken from the name of a creek which flowed around her limits. Tradition has it that on the creek lived an old Scotch mau who was noted all oer tnat country for his one large foot aud one small heel, but when angry could make a stir among bin enemies ty the, use of it, and, at some times, was a terror to the neighborhood. Iuring the General Assembly of 18d7 the question of changing its name was brontrhr up aud an at was passed changing it to Maxton in honor of the old Scotch who were t'te settlers of that county. There was some difficulty as trs the eiuoi;er ,,f spelling it. The word originally was. in tended to be Mackstown or the "Town of tho Mack." They compromised by tak ing advantage of a euphonical rule In the first syllable and dropping a letter of the stcond, bringing it down to the present shape. 3JATOX'y IJI'SfXESJS. The merchandise business of the pia,e ii an earned of coming fctrength aa a trad, ing point. Where there are plenty of cus tomers there are always plenty of stores, and when stores have increased at the rate they have in the last few years in that town it is reasonable to suppose that it i-i because of the increase of cu-stwui. uev; are twenty general merchandising, two drujj stores, hardware, jewolry and boukr stores, bcrtidti two haruens esiablwiuients, a tannery, shoe shops, millinery stores, four churches and just every other build ing that a town of a thousand inhabitant would have. THE ATI VL srrr.Tiox, The natural situation is a capital one. short distance to the Lumber river and branches of others it gives it ample water power for miling,&c. It is uut hi all a very low place, but ou the other hand lies on a plateau ot high level laud, some feet high er than their neighboring towns. Her railroad facilities afford her the most en viable advantages, being within twelve hours ride to the mountains or vq hours to Wilmington, trom the north west gomes the C. F. iV Y. V. R. R., which places her in a few hours upon the crafty side of the Pilot Mountain and a magnificent view of the Blue Ridge; to the east the C. C. R. R. to take them to the ocean for the re freshing breezes of Carolina Beach. Thnt same road can transmit her people through the enterprising city of Charlotte to the scenery about King's Mountain, and is an outlet lor the whole West. Her rail road facilities are better than any point between Charlotte aud Wilmington aud they are still being bettered, TJJE SjOCfAL fTAN!-V; of her people is of the very best. The star dy Scotch have never lost the great char acteristics of energy and hospitality so deeply imprinted on the nature of their noble uneostors ia the highlands of their mother country, and the memory of them is a stimulus. These people are hospita ble iu a p.uoAi) sense. Their homes are open, and they have learned to love old Robeson with the same love that beat in the breast of their fathers for the green hills of the Chevoits. But they are en gaging iu a diiferenfc kind of fight from that which history tells us. These Max ton people are fighting for a prominent place iu t be commercial world, anil they have received from their fathers this na ture not to be the conquered but coLquer ers, and we must not suppose for a mo ment that we will ever see them any other. Thi place could be made a most pleasant resort for the winter. From the cold blasts of tho winter the people ol the North have sought to shield themselves by a resort In SOME SOUTHERN TOWX. Since the fevers have driven them far ther north than Jacksonville, they have visited our own Carolina towns aud it re mains to be decided which shall be termed the Winter Resort of the Carolinas. Max ton is in a healthy country. Fevers and chills are not common occurrences as in some Eastern towns. There are three hotels; there are excellent drives, and there are a people who, being refined and educated, would add immensely to the enjoyment of those who come to spend their winters with them. With this brief view of this "town of the Scotch," we desire to speak to that man who has some capital and who is alive for his own interests. Do you desire to establish A LUCRATIVE ENTERPRISE? Then consult the advantages of one town over another, study every point where money can be made and then you will make a good decision. Maxton puts forth a strong claim and many inducements for persons who will assist them in a cotton milling enterprise. Every fall comes the material from the field upon which it was raised, liht here in this county. From 20 o o to :;o ,ooo bales have left here in a single year. Her -people will give much towards the erection of a factory to work their own cotton. They had rather see the fruits of their labors stay with them and multiply in their midst. What they could not make out of their cotton could be made from dealings with the opera tives. Here is an abundance of water power. The Shoe Heel creek, a never-failing stream, is only a mile distant, and its power can cause to hum thousands of spindles, and the streams of Robeson coun ty could easily be lined with mills of almost every character. What a manufacturer needs to operate a mill successfully is, first, tho raw material; second, the labor; third, transportating advantages. For the first every one knows that Maxton is in the midst of the cotton belt. The mate rial can be raised ftt the faptoyy door, thus their ioitou has uo high freight charges upon it. As to labor in this community it is too cheap. We only wish it was high er. Still this is an item of supreme inter est to the manufacturer. There is a super abundance of labor and there can be no strikes. On the other hand It ia healthy iui i-ue ojjeiat ici. 'i:hus we see that the practical side presents some striking in ducements for manufacturers. OTHER ;OOI) OPENINGS. If a machinist should gain a knowledge of the advantages this place a'or-di for his bsin l(e wov,Id tke the tide at its hood and receiye his fortune. The people daily yearn for a good machine shop. Within the limits of JMbe1oni and sur rouudhtg counties there are hundreds of gini, saw mills and cotton presses which when they get out of order must be sent off nearly fifty miles to be repaired. This is a source of great Inoouvenience and ex pense to the owners and should be reme died. Some good machinist should now jump at the chance and establish a shop at Maxton with a foundry attached, tier people oy tny ued it aud will pat ronize it. Another and another industry could be made a success here. With the many dif ferent kinds of wood, the immense amount of lumber that is manufactured about Maxton, it would ho a wise policy fo,r one ,o ejjtyjblih a oash,Duor and Blind Factory. This industry would pay, for in the Cape Fear section there is a great demand, it.is aid. for such an euterpri.se. The canning industry could be very suc cessfully conducted also. This is an ex cellent tiucking country, and especially for tomatoes and early corn. The can uiug of vecta!jlo is befouling more and uiOiie evry year ; veyy lucrative business and we cannot think that any man who ha a level hea.d woiil'-l allow an enterprise af vhi. uuit in a country peculiarly adapt ed to it to pass unnoticed. The business men of this place are very anxious for some man of capital to start a bank in their town. With the large cotton and saw milling business done iu the vicinity it would prove a fine investment and Maton's Un.i vhUwU wouhi he tQO glad to support it. We have been desiring to give our read ers a view of every part of our State where her natural facilities would encourage de velopment and we think we have found the place. Maxtou, wo predict for you a prOuperouj future! NEW RAILROADS, There ii now boiug built a railroad which will be completed to Rowland this summer, a distance of ICi miles. This road leads into a rich country and will contribute to the market of Maxton. It will finish the Air lAnt Road to Charles ton, S. C, and will open up a new portion of the county to the influx of enterprising men. All the stock of this road is owned by citizens of Robeson county and 5,000 of it by Maxton. In addition to the railroad mentioned there is another contemplation of a road through the rich piue forests of Central North Carolina to Salisbury thus giving Maxton another outlet to the West. M'Jtt HER INTERESTS. Under this head it may be well to speak of the improvement of the lumber lands of Robeson. There are two land and lumber companies at work at Maxton. The most prominent is the Enterprise Land & Lumber Co., engaged at this writ ing cutting a canal 2'i feet wide, 8 feet deep and about 30 miles long. They have completed ten miles aud success has so far crowned their efforts. It is being cut through what is known as the "Big Swamp." It covers 26 thousand acres of laud, The companies owning it are Messrs. Huttera and Petera of Ludington. Mich., which is considered to be one of the most responsible in the Union having a capital of $5,000,000; and Messrs. Smith & Jen nings of Wilkesbarre, Pa. Most of this timber is cypress and is very valuable, also there is a great amount of rosemary pine, oak, and gum. When the draining of the swamp is completed they will begin to cut off the timber and ship it direct from the stump. Another lumber enter prise is the Carolina Land and Lumber Company composed of Messrs. Butters and Peters and Cant. O. H. Blocker of Maxton They own forty thousand acres of land situated on Lumber River and three of its tributaries. Capt. Blocker is the Vice President and Agent of the Company and by his efforts has secured a charter to clean out Lumber River ana make it navi gable. The U. S. Government has ap propriated money for the work, aud very soon the people of Robeson will see boats ascend within two miles of Maxton. With all these advantages as to trans portation no fears may be entertained that it will not be appreciated by those persons inquiring for a place to forward their own interests. Maxton has a live and interesting news paper the Maxton Union which is doing all in its power to advance the interests of this coming town. H. B. H. MEMORIAL DAY. IT WAS OHSERVEH IN A BECOM ING ANO FITTING MANNER. Ex.Gov. Scales, Gen. Cot, Maj. Hint ham, Gen. Cullen A. Battle and E. W. Peu, Jr., Esq., were the Orators. See how the flowers hanar their heads and droop and wither. Because the memory of wium! n uuue ueiuw passes away so soon. At first they tend them morning, noon and night; they soon begin to come less fre quently, from once a day to once a week, from once a week to once a month; then, at long and uncertain intervals; then, not at all. ICharles Dickens. May it never be thus written of the friends and relatives of the Con federate heroes who gave their lives for the Lost Cause! Let the Southern people never have this reproach! We do not be lieve that the South will forget its love for its dead or fail to decorate their graves with flowers. Last Friday in many towns in the State the heroic deeds of the sol diers were recounted and their strewn with flowers. graves In Raleigh it was an occasion of more than ordinary iuterest. There were more people frow a distance present than usual. The Durham Light Infantry came down as the guest of the Governor's Guards. The Raleigh Cornet Band discoursed the best music we have ever heard it make. The Raleigh Hook and Ladder Company was out on dress parade. Metropolitan Hall was beautifully decorated. An oil panting of Qeu. Jettigrew rested on an easel in full view of the larire audience. The band played, Rev. Dr. Skinner offered prayer, and then Chief Marshal A. B. Stronach introduced ex-Gov. Scales, the orator of the occasion. EX-GOV. SCALES' ADDRKS&. The Memorial Association was happy in the selection of Ex-Gov. Scales as the orator upon the theme of General Petti grew. Governor Scales was in the charge himself and he was most competent to give a full and able vindication of Gen. PKTTiG(tEv and this he did In the most convincing, logical, and lawyer-like way. It was a masterly argument thoroughly unanswerable, and our ex-Governor did a good service to the South in presenting a true statement of the matter. The charge made by Swinton and other historians is. in brief, this: That on the third day at Gettysburg Gen. Pettk;rew's brigade in which the soldiers were "compaiatively green' were "panic stricken and hastily fled at the sight of the army of the Poto mac. These are the men that deserted Pickett aud left him alone." That is the charge which Gov. Scales pronounced "utterly false" and "slanderous." lo answer this slander the Governor gave the evidence of the great Rouert E. Lee 'who gave praise to PETTlGHEw;of Gen. Longstreet, who commanded; of Judge (then Captain) Jos. J. Davis who partici pated in the fight and who says: "The advantage was all on the side on the Con federacy and i aver that this was partly if not ohietlydue to Pettigrew'8 brigade;" of Mr. Jos. Batchelor who made a thor ough examination of the field and report ed that he touna dead worth Carolina sol diers as far in the front rank as those from any other State: and he also gave the testimony of many other well known and reliable witnesses. Resides this evi dence the Governor showed by the facts and figures that Pett igrew S brigade lost more than Pickett's that they were not green men but well drilled and brave soldiers that they stood the terrible fire on the Third day(after having been in the previous fights) as long as mortal man could stand it that they did not retreat until after Pick ett had retreated and that the false state ments had originated with ignorant, care less or malicious war reporters who falsely stated the facta. We regret that we have not k.pioe for the full argument. The Governor said: "The following is the loss in killed of the Southern States: North Carolina, 14,532 Virginia, 5,328 South Carolina, U.187 Georgia, 3,G58 Mississippi, 5,807 North Carolina did the most fight ing, OTHERS DID THE MOST TALKING AND MADE THE MOST NOISE, AKD I FEAR ALSO THEY MADE MORE HISTORY. The ex-Governor then paid a handsome tribute to the North Carolina troops at Gettysburg and said that "no amount of falsehood, slander and injustice from whomsoever it comes, can blot the record out. He then alluded to Pickett, saying: "God forbid that I sbonld attempt to do any injustice to the noble old Common wealth of Virginia, our sister State from the days of the Revolution to the present time. She has been mentioned in history as the mother of Presidents, heroes, States and statesmen. I would not detract a laurel from her brow. There is glory enough carved out by bloody hands from all the States to give each one his full share. I have nothing to say except in terms of praise of the noble Pickett and his gallant division but I ask, and I want justice for North Carolina." The Governor concluded his address by saying that a tun history ot JNorth Caro lina in the war ought to be written and ir Col. W. L. Saunders' health would per mit he is the man to do it. AT GOLDSBORO. Maj. Bobt. Bingham was the orator. The Argus says: The address of Maj. Robt. Bingham was as interesting and original as it is possi ble to conceive. He took as his subject the "Confederate Private Soldier," and for one hour he recounted many thrilling incidents that came under his own ob servation in camp and battle life of the patience and fortitude, the suffering for they did suffer, and heroic death of the "boys in Gray"; not forgetting to inter sperse his address with some of thehumer ous incidents, too, of the field and camp and march. AT FAYETTEVILLE The Fayetteville correspondent of the Lumbertou Robesonian writing of the celebration says: The memorial services last Friday were extremely interesting. At least 2,000 strangers were here. The military com panies from Bennettsville, S. C, Maxton and Lumber Bridge came up on a special train and took part in the exercises, and the Hope Mills band furnished the music. The military presented a fine appearance, and their soldierly demeanor and gentle manly bearing deserves the thanks of our people. Their kindness too is appreciated. Hon. E. W. Pou, of Smithfield delivered the address, which was a good one, re plete with beautiful thoughts and senti ments. The services took place at the cemetery. The stores all closed and a number of buildings were draped in mourn ing. The procession was a long one. The Confederate veterans were in line, besides many charitable and secret organizations. AT NEW BERNE Gen. Cullen A. Battle was the orator. His theme was "The Battle of Chancellora ville." The Journal says: As the General arose he was greeted with a round of applause. We publish his address in full. He had his manu script before him, but we are glad he had misplaced his spectacles and it was too dark in the Theatre for him to read Af ter one or two attempts to refer to it, he threw it aside and depended upon the in spirations of the hour to guide hirn, and well did he perform his task. He was frequently applauded, and many declared! it to be the "best address I ever heard on a similar occasion." IN WILMINGTON Gen. Wm. R. Cox was the orator. Hist theme was "From Petersburg to Appo mattox." The Wilmington papers speak of it in terms of praise. The Review says that it "was maguificeut clear and con cise in statement, pure in diction and elo quent in expression." A poem, written by Miss Marv F. Sannde entitled "Wilmington's Roll Call of Hon- i was reau oy itev. w . S. Creasy. There waa,a large turn out and the celebra tion was in keeping with the occasion. One of the most beautiful nnri tn,.h;r... features of the entire ceremony was a tri bute paid by the Memorial Association to the late Hon. A. II. VanBokkelen, for so many years their trusted guide, counsellor and friend. Capt. A. L. JJeRossett spoke in feeline terms of the untiring H.vnirn of Mr. VanBokkelen in the work of airliner the Ladies' Memorial A-irwiaHr,n iiAOn lutions expressive of the loss felt in tho death of Mr. VanBokkelen were passed. - Render Unto Ceaaar the Thlur twt Be Cea.sar'ti!" Special Cor. State Chronicle. Hillsuoro', N. C., May 13. '89. Permit me to draw your attention to an error in a statement contained in the article upon Edenton, published in the Chronicle of May 10th, and at the same time offer the correction of it as a matter more of history than family pride. In your Edenton let ter, speaking of Judge James Iredell, you say: "He was the only North Carolinian who ever sat upon the bench of the Su preme Court of the United States, and at the time of his death he was an Associate Justice of that great tribunal." Judge Iredell, who was an Englishman by birth, was succeeded on the Supreme bench by Judge Alfred Moore, of Bruns wick county, N. C, who, at the age of 44, was appointed by President Adams as hia suocesaor. J udge Moore's family were Americans by birth since 1671, when his ancestors, Gov. Sir John Yeamans, laid the founda tion of the city of Charleston, S. C, (and who in 174 made the first settlement on the Cape Fear River at the place known as Old Town). And North Carolinians since 1735 when his grandfather, Col. Maurice Moore (son of Gov. James Moore, of South Carolina) made a settlement at the town of Brunswick on the Cape Fear, which town was afterwards absorbed by Wil mington. So, in point of aotual fact, Judge Alfred Moore was the first North Carolinian who was on the Supreme Court bench, altho' he was the second appointment made of a citiaen of that Commonwealth. Judge Moore served six years as Justice of the Supreme Court, resigning in 1805 on account of the failure of bis health which had been wrecked by his seven years service in the Continental Army. While on the Supreme bench Justioo Moore formed a close personal friendship with two of his colleagues, Judge Peters, of Philadelphia who said ot him that ho arrived with more quickness aud certainty at the point and pith of a case than any man he had ever known, that his compre hension was as instantaneous and brilliant as a flash of lightning and J udge Chase, of Maryland. ihere was a very amusing contrast in the size of Judge Chase and Judge Moore, the former being a man of gigantic build, weighing three hundred pounds, while the latter was exceedingly small and elegant in figure. 1 hey were both men of keeu brilliant wit, and an entertainment graced by their presence had the flash and sparkle of Damascus steel. Many pages could lie filled with incidents and anecdotes of the eventful life of this distinguished North Carolinian, but I only instance these as proof of my assertion that there was at least two North Carolinians who served on the Supreme Court bench, and the second one was my great grandfather. Alfred Moore, of Brunswick. Rebecca Cameron. Is Lite Worth Living? Special Cor. State Chronicle: Oxford, N. C, May 14, 'K9. In answer to the question of your philosophic con tributor of last week, "Is life worth liv ing?" I would answer the question once for all by saying it depends upon the liver. J. M. Hays. J. M. Hays is a doctor. Editor. Breaking Down the Middle Wall of I'ar tition. From Statesville Landmark. Barriers of race, religion and custom count for nothing with the kids they can scale them, break them down orcrawl un der. On Broad street a certain Jewish family and a certain Gentile family live next door neighbors. During the recent Feast of the Passover the Hebrew mother caught one of her chaps and one of the neighbor chaps trading in some of the diets of their respective races swapping motza for hog meat; Passover bread for breakfast strip. What an Editor Has Mim-ed. From New Berne Journal. Never having had any experience we have often wondered what a kiss is. We are only too happy to have learned. Dr. Henry Gibbons, in a recent lecture at San Francisco, describes a kiss as "the anatom ical juxtaposition of two orbicularis oris muscles in a state of contraction." Cor rect, but Miss-leading. J. Wiley Shook Tired of Waiting for an Office. From Clyd Register. Why is a chronic office-seeker like an unmarried female? Because his chance to try his luck comes one in four years. The New Discovery. You have heard your friends and neigh bors talking about it. You may yourself be one of the many who know from per sonal experience jnst how good a thing it is. If you have ever tried it, you are one of its staunch friends, because the won derful thing about it is, that when once given a trial, Dr. King's New Discovery ever after holds a place in the house. If you have never used it and should be afflicted with a cough, cold or any Throat, Lung or chest trouble, secure a bottle at once and give it a fair trial. It is guar anteed every time, or money refunded. Trial Bottles Free at Lee, Johnson & Co's. Drug-store.