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Tie Bait} fress and Motaiaj.lCOSFLICTIJi'0
Friday Evening', July 9, 1875
The Dally PrctM nn«l Dnkotnlnn
I I* published •,
KVKJIY EVENING, EXCEPTING SUSIIATS.
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Thf last act in the tragedy of, Sam
Bart) has been performed by the presi
dflHt signing the M(unission of Betija
tri!n Onclav as postmaster nf Atlanta,
A gentleman who met Vice-Prcsulent
Wilson Boston a few days ngo says
the latter is open in saying that he has
opnsentcd to allow Lis friends to use his
name in connection with the presiden
tial WDmination. Mr.. Wilson said that
Thurlow "Weed was the authority for say
ing that cx-Scnator Morgan intends to
be a candidate before the republican con
vention for the presidetial nomina
The Wisconsin republican convention
-has placed in nomination a- "atatfitrtlckct'
which will come as near -draVing out the
full strength of the party vote in the
state as any conrtnnation of candidates
which could have" been hit upon. The
nomination of Ilrrrison Ludington, of
Milwaulcee, as governo»54s the strongest
point in the work of the convention. It
is a sufficient'guarantee of his popularity
to say that he is a republican and has been
elected mayor of Milwaukee, the breed
ing nest of Wisconsin's democracy He
will draw largely, from the German vote
of the State, though he may lose a little
among the ardent- admirerfc—of—Wm. E.
Smith, a defeated aspirant for the nomi
nation. The ticket is one of unusual
cans cannot elect it they may as well
hang their harps on the willows and ad
mit that they arc in the minority.
Theory vs. Practico.
information relative to the wealth of the
Black Hills, consisting of testimony
from an officer of the army, given to the
Chicago Times, and the official report of
Prof. Jenney, government geologist of
the Black Hills survey.- The report of
Prof. Jenney is so dircctly contrary to
the glaring accounts given by "other re-:
liable gentlemen in reference to the re
sources of this region that the public caD
scarcely refrain from the suspicion that
his is not the proper version. We have
the accounts of the Chicago Inter-Ocean,
the Chicago Tribune, and the New York
•yj' Herald correspondents, the interview of
^!'*.\the Chicago Times with an army officer
-announced to be perfectly reliable, the
'reports of Gen. Custer, the statements of
scores of individuals here in Yankton
.who have visited tlie Hills—all favoring
'—'the existence of goldlti paying quanta
Z~ "ties. On the contrary we have the as
/sertions of Prof Jenney and Gen-. Cus
ter's geologist to the effect that there is
little or no gold in the Hills. Tlie infor
^mation is confllicting, but the prepon
dercnce of evidence is against the scien
»tiflc.gentlpinen and decidedly in favor of
professional and amateur..miners. That
geology is practically reliable in cases of
this nature has long bevi a question in
I'.': the public mind. There is a general ad
mission that the theories evolved by this
obstruse science are beautiful in them
selves—pleasant enough to the specula
.. tive mind, but wofully inaccurate when
brought into contact with life's practical
transactions. But Prof. Penney has done
what every unscientific'prophet said he
would do—he has declared that t)\«e are
no paying digging* in the Black mils.
While- we do not desire to detract from
tlie honesty of the gentleman's inten
*v.tions, we must admit that we cannot co
incide with the statements contained in
his report. It has been all along con
tended by aa intelligent public that his
j, survey w%s a useless expense, as the re
suit of his reports, if antagonistic to the
genera! belief that gold does exist in
paying'quantities in the Hills, would not
be accepted in good faith. And right
.here we call to mind a somewhat singu
lar prediction made, by a Chicago Tri
bune correspondent' in thoWUs and pub
lished in tli*t paper on the 30th of June^
The correspondent stated that Prof. Jeu
ney would make just such a report as he
has since made, and went on to specify in
terms the details of that report
The prediction has been verified. How
the correspondent of the Tribune gained
his information—whether from actual
knowledge of Jenney's. intentions or sim
ply from inferpnrp,
of deciding. But that Jenney'ti report
will tare any marked effect upon public
Apinion is not probable, as it is counter
balanced by such an overwhelming
weight of opposite evidence that 'the jury
of tbe world at large can scarcely, admit
it into, thiif decision, '"'v
for aale at the prea# and Dakotain office at
fity eento per Hondnd.
A Highly Reliable'OftiCiul Says
there are Paying Diggings
in the llliick Hills.
A Question of Veracity.
(.'lilcmjo Timer Interview of Saturday lari.
Much has been said and written
concerning the prospect of finding
gold-in the Black Hills country. Re
ports of a contradictory character
havi: been published from time to
time with the most bewildering regu
larity.' It has been found as difficult
to arrive at the irutli of the matter as
tp come to a. satisfactory conclusion
concerning' the Beeolier case. The
cupidity and love of adventure of the
impetuous blood of the country has
been aroused by dne publication of
rich diggings only to be completely
smothered by another publication, to
the contrary effect. The accounts' of
hostile Indians and vigilant army
officers have kept many from visiting
The Times is able to set all these
doubts at rest, and to inform its many
readers of the facts in the case. There
is gold in the Black Hills in paying
abundantly, and there is every indica
tion that the quartz rook'hides within
its stony depths millions of dollars'
worth of this auriferous ore.
This information was obtained from
an officer of the United States army,
as reliable as the authority of Gen.
Sherman, before his valuable contri
bution to the literature of the country
in the shape of memoirs of the war.
ll.«5 TIS1TKD TUB LOCAMTY,
and has had greater opportunities for
observation and knowledge than any
other man -ih the United States,
Gen. Phil Sheridan-. excepted. He
stated to a representative of the
-TimesJast_. njght_\hat it 'was no use
tryi»g-longer-to—deny the factor-to
conceal it. Explorations 'had been
made by squads of adventurous mi
ners who all confirmed his informa
tion officially obtained. Tlie lndiatis,
for "some cause, had not yet bpen ac
tively hostile, and the miners had not
been seriously disturbed in theiiK^x
plorations. lie thought the time
not far distant, however, when
would not be safe fey a white man to
be found within the limits of that wild
and inaccessible country.
He spoke in the most -confident
terms of the future prospects of the
Black Hills country, asserting that its
possession by the United States was
only a matter of time. He believed
there was gold enough in those
REVOLUTIONIZE THE FINANCIAL CON
of the country, and to raise it from its
present prostrated condition to a po
sition of affluence and prosperity.
He spoke of the wtll-known fact that
Montana had produced *24,000,000,
almost without machinery and almost
without expense. In that country
gold had been taken froth-the alluvial
soil in the pan almost exclusively, and
had, therefore, cost comparatively
nothing. This money had, doubtless,
been of great benefit to the country.
He saw no reason why the Black
Hills diggings should not tuin out at
least, that amount of wealth. Just
what the limits of the gold-bearing
country were he had no moans of
knowing. That it was a .large one,
he had every reason to believe.
thought that the government would
COMPELLED TO TUltOW TUB COUNTIiY
to the free incursions of miners and
other emigrants in a very short space
of time. The knowledge of the exist
ence of gold in large quantities could
no longer be concealed from these
lawless wanderers. He said that Gen.
Phil. Sheridan's entire army could not
keep them out of its borders. Sheri
dan might burn their supply trains as
much as lie chose, .but they would
find mcatis, in one way or another, to
arrive at the accomplishment of their
Plow many white men are there
in the Black Hills now?" the reporter
The officerTcplicd7-u Thcre are not
over 170, all told."
i"How do they subsist?"
Mostly by the rifle. There are
only two men in the whole region
who arc supplied with flour, or any
thing else but game. How long they
.will holdjiit no ontPcan tell. It can
not be longTTor .the game is uow de
parting from the highlauds an'tl moun
tains to-crop the- rich herbage- in-itlte
"Do you think that Gen. Sheridan
will be able to keep, these gold hunt
ers out of that- land? inquired the
By ho means," ,«aid the officer.
•'He may burn a few wagon trains,
but they will come in myriads pretty
I-IKK TIIK OEASSnOITKUS
of Kansas. And there will be no coil'
trolling them.' An Indian war is im
minent. tn a few months, perhaps
sooner, it will he developed, and Glen.
Sheridan will have his hands full in
attending to that."
What is your opiiiibn as to tlui.
junntrty of, gold the diggings will
yield?" queried the reporter.
I believe the diggings will turn
out as rich as those of Mrfntaua or
Nevada, qrlof California in its early
days, There will lie gold enough
found in those mountains t.o revolu
tionize our finances and put us on a
footing.of comparative ease and se
curity^ My name must ndt be used
in connection with this information.
It is the,business of the army of tho
United States tp keep these men out,
and it would be injudicious for me to
make.any statement which would in
duce them to flook in there by mil
lipns, as they would do. if my name
w'ere .published iii connectimi with
The reporter assured tlie oflioer
that his name should not be Publish
In connection with 'this subject it
may be well to state that Gen. Sheri
dan, of this city, is keeping a watch
ful eye on this country anj occasion
ltUKNS l*V A KKW WAGON*
laden with supplies for the mines.
Gen. Sheridan believes that an Indian
war is imminent, and certain to come
shortly. He has no faith in the abil
ity of the red-skins to maintain a coti
ditiofi of peace.
The Times has advices from an au
thentic source that Col. Mike~"Sijeri
dan, the general's brother, with a few
other officers of the United States
:army, now-i n-Wasltitlgton w4J1
ly make an official visit to the region
of nuggets. The matter is kept very
quiet, only'a few people being aware
of the expedition. -.A Times reporter,
I 1 1' INTO TI1K SEC'ltKT
for ihe purpose of helping-to keep it
from the public. It probably won't
get dut. There will be no request
made on the general commissary for
supplies for the trip. It is thought
there are enough provisions now at
the headwaters .of the Missouri. The
expedition will be fully equipped, and
will leave for the westin-a short time.
Gen. Sheridan will not accompany
the expedition in person, but it is un
"FURNISH THE NlSCESSAUY ESC OUT
and supplies. If there is any gold in
the Black Hills country Col. Mike
Sheridan proposes to bring some of it
The foregoing statements are
worthy of credibility, as coming from
an officer of the1 highest standing and
veracity, whose naijie, if published,
would carry convitioh with it. It
seems, therefore, that we are on the
verge of another gold-huiiting fever,
which will be as wide-spread and ex
citing as any which has formerly set
the blood of bur people throbbing
PROVISIONS SCARCE 11 LI' NLUGETS
OilaiiA, July 2.—The Time-corres
pondent interviewed, to-day^ an officer
of Gen. Crook's staff, just returned
from the Black Hills, to which he
went with the Jenny escort. At the
stockade erected last winter by the
miners whom Capt. Mix had driven
out last spri'ng, the soldiers went into
camp. Here they found a small party
of miners, who said they had been
there about 35 days. These men
were suffering for food, having had
nothing1 to eat for 15 days but venison,
They were unwilling to leave, how
ever, and said if driven out by the
military they would return, as they
considered tho diggings they had dis-j
covered rich enough to pay them for
almost any amount of hardships and
exposure. These miners all had gold,
which had been obtained wholly from
surface dirt of Castle,creHc or its af
fluents. The had commenced d'tch
ing and fluining in a small way and
were very hopeful of grand returns.
They had also^ turned attention to.
vegetable r^Uing, and had a garden
pl-mied out and growing finely. The
news of the success these men had
met with spread through camp, and
soon officers, soldiers and teamsters
wero at work washing out "surface
dirt. The colpr" was obtained in
every pan, showing that gold was
widely distributed, the best returns
being made by Capt. Spaulding, 2d
cavalry, who obtained 28 cents from
three pans of dirt. The miners out
there claimed that by stripping"
and "sluicing," from *12 to *50 per
day per hand could be obtained.
other building material, and was so
easy of access, that the cost of living
would be material!! reduced, from that
of ordinary mining districts,-and henco
greater profits could be realized by
working the mines, though the gross
amount might be .less. The country
is al.most a paradise, pure cold water
gnshing from springs in erery direc
tion. Tbe ground is covered with
sod, in which blue grass predominates.
-The soil ia rich and black and has
an abundance of the very best build
ing stone: .... !.
Chicago Tiiii'ol W»«lilngl(in ielpgrani.
WAsuraGTOJf, July G.—Tbe iuterior
department has to-day a very full and
complete report from Prof. Jenney,
the chief of the scientific expedition
sont out to investigate tbe condition
of the Supposed gold fields of the
Black Hills. This report was given
to the- public to-day, as it is the desire
1 JjSlC'tz.^0 JQ
as widely circulated iispnysibh'. Tlu
report ctdilirmTrtln' lii.st di^mtch Iron.
•Prof, jenney, in whiuli lie s.iiil iluti
uolhiifg ha(l yet 1 discovered tint
would-W'arrjuii exlen-i.vi* ti• i11iMtr
at ions in the li!),uk lii!!.^. 11 is icp I
is in direct (-onir.idictioil oi' tin:
glowing liilc-s if coi i'i\-p.iinlciit.,
a::d' ^|)cns up ir question 'of. vera• I
ity, with the indications all in Prof.:'
Jenney's favor. Tlie-report first gives
a description of the operations ol tliej
scientific party and its movements, :ilt
of which have been fullv descrilietl in
tlnji special correspondence sept out
Irom the expcdiliun. It thcil pro-1
cceds at ence to explode the. stories
about the rich fields on French's!
creek, at the'spot whereCupt. Mix]
recently raided a party of ininers-.-1
Prof. Jenney saysi this is the spot.
where miners have said.that-tins.wash
ing of loose dirt, in the -diggings,
panned out "37 cents to the pan. Tie.
.went into the best of this dirt- and
worked out nine buckets-of it, and se
cured the rich result of 2il cents out
of the whole. He pays*that the best
dirt does not average one cent and a
quarter a pan, which is quite a'difler
ent story from that sent, out by the
sensationaf visitors to "Hartley City."
He also sunk a shaft in the bed-rock
near the stockade, some fifteen feet,
without discovering a trace of gold.
He says that there is gold there, but
it exists in very small quantities, and
is spread over such a large area of
territory as to make practical :lig£riug
i) ftT.~7H?nrfeo. says'tlrat^i
able.—This icpui uf: Prof. Juni.ry
is discouraging in the extreme, but it
"fs not believed that it will deter any
one who has the gold fever from vis
iting tlie hills. Even now, the be
lievers in'llie sensational reports say
that Prof. Jenney's
^report is made to
suit the wishes of the interior depart
ment, as it desires the miners kept
out of the Black Hills region- until the
question of its being opened up is set
tled with the Sioux, beyond dispute.
Jlrtj (foods and (Flotfyutfl.
A N O E N I N
'1 he 1 tirr I hldck of tfo.irU in 'i rniory.
Ladies and Gents
Hats and Caps,-Trunlcs and Valises,
AltPi TK, OIL OMITIIg
This estimate tlie officer said might be
0Oi)si4ered extravagant, but he said
the CdUflt^nhere-ls po velj supplied JftHJECHANT" TAILORING
with excellent pine' timber, stone and
~-liooodii-CoaaUting oflhc c!|Oicc»t *ivU-» of
rrencli ni)'l ErigliFh
Vestings made up in the latest styles.
YOUTHS' BOYS' & CHILDREN'S
JSTiLTH A N
TIT I YllJ
no coal in that region. He has found
some beds ol clay in which there arc
rich deposits of iron, The. ne'xt point
Prof.'Jenney Will tixamitie will be in ~p
tlie Cheyenne river, north of tlie site
of the present camp. There are some
beds of cretacions lignites, in which
gold may be found. The report is
emblazoned at the top with a sample
of the gold found. There is no "dust
in this mining region. The" gold
found in small particles,showing it to
be derived from quartz-veins.. Prof.
Jenney speaks very highly of the
Black Hills country as^un-ng-r-iGult-i ii
region. He says the soil is rich,
water plenty, and the timber, a
-Spccics,QLXoi.way pine, is very vnlu-
A It O
Agents for tlie
I If* a-
UiH'ktijf ,U««» mid IScajtcr,
Mrs. 22. J. Morrow,
MILLINER & DRESSMAKER,
OPP. Mn.L6 & FURDY'S biJubvSroitT:,
I 10-lf Tankton, D. T.
Wl-Nfe^— AN IM
OltDKIiS l)V MAIL 1'IiOMPTLY FILLED,
of Ci AliDtN M'.hDS liv tlx.' ]HUIH1 or ]i»c kn o. Headlight Oil—Safe nd Brilll:int
I'hj-Mciana IVrscripl ant- cHrchiUy cotnpounilud ill all hgyrs of the day Sad. night.
DUDLEY & HAWLEY,
Manufacturers und Dealers in
Hardware, Stoves, Tinware,
Third Street, cor. Douglas,
ib® inr kq|
Of Every Decription.
Emliracln? fonrtaun.hands cUli'e Sioux Gallon, -j
bceides varibus otlivr tribef.- Tlio flnesl ciiUoe
tion or -I I
til Ihe world.
K(liiai to nuy tlie west!
S. J. Mbni[OW, l'h6t&2rnylflT.
Coruor 3d and Wnlmit streets, Yankton. "M
MITCHELL WAGON! tlie best in use!
A full line of PUMPS, in stock!
Tinware of Every Description
and orders for
The Mammoth Hardware Store,
WYNN, BUCKWALTER & Co.
Dealers in HARDWARE, STOVES,' IRON and TINWARE,
A O A
Ibo S\rce|»stiikc Tlirenlicr*, A.v
BROADWAY, Yankton, D. T.
MARSHALL &. SANBORN,
Anil Dcddlug, »nd Ag«nU Tor the
Culebiatcd .louej Pprinj bcd *nd Woven Wirt*
•VJ P'1ua »uu
»ire«». iteulr made
Always-on hrn!. Salesroom, w.
—BprlttJclLV 0iockt Brovd^ayT"
nl Tainlrtoii, I, T.