Newspaper Page Text
aTi'Pfl'anwnni irn &i
OHN MARTIN. DUUOS AND MKDICTWES. Excelsior Drug Store E S A I S E I N 1 8 6 9 Purdy & Brecht, [SUCCESSORS TO MILLS PURDY] Wholesale and Retail Druggists. I S/E CONTINUE to keeplc ntock a oomplet«li«» of pure and fresh Drop, all th« patent m«ljcines oitho d*y. Agents for J. 0. Ayer A Oo,, Dr, Jayne A etc ..icmesofttipdny. A ?cnw tor j. u. ayer a uo„.Dr. Jayne ds GISTS'8UND1UK8 and TOILET ARTICLES, Window Glafii, Paint* and kion given our VBKSOillPIlUN U1SPA ItTMKNT. excelsior Book Store.—Wholesale and Retail. The oldest Bookstore in the territory. v'e continue to oifer to oar many patrons all the new and popnlar works of the day at eastern prioeu. In this de partment may be found everything re quired (in the stationery lino) in the r-ffioe, store or ohoel house. Writing WHOLESALE LIQUORS AMD CIGARS. ESTABLISHED 1870. Adler & Ohlmanl .Destillers Agents aud Wholesale dealers In Kentucky and Domestic Whiskies, Liquors and Wines. WTE* MA.KS a spQoialtv of shipping Kentucky Whiskies direct to the trade from U. 8.Bonded I Warehouses. &TWE HVY AND SELL WHfS!£LUS IN BOND. We oarry the lar est stock we9t of Chicago and will duplicate prices of any house, without any exception, ia I the United States. Coods sold only at Wholesale, f-T olf lYTi 11 irk 11 Pi o*o Varying in price from $12.00 to #1W.00 per theiis U.ct'l.L IfXllLlLFll v/l.^cl/1. A aa manufactories in tho United States :iud can satisfy the trade in every resoeot. Our principal brtndsare well aid favorably kaovra throughout the northwest anaAretailers will always meet with suooeBs by selling them* WE ARE GENERAL AGENTS IN DAKOTA FOR Joseph SSohlitz's Brewing company, Milwaukee, Wis. Dubeiser-Bresch Brew ing oomnnuy, St. Louis, Mo. OUesterman & Barrow's Bottling Works, LeMars, Iowa Brunswick Billiard Tables, Ohio ago, Illinois proprietors of Yankton Steam Bottling Works [of Schlitz's Milwaukee Beer. Car We are prepared to fill promptly any and all orders for goods in our line and guarantee satisfaction both in quality and prices. Send for circulars and price list into popular MUG OLU,Son, Particular atton paper, envelopes and blank books made a specialty. We also oarry the largest stock of WW ALL PAPERS offered in the market. Our prioeE will always be found reasonable. Third street, bet. Oodar aad Walnut 8ta. PUBDY A BREOHT. d. vVe handle the produsts of the largest ADLER & OHLMAN, Yankton.I FOUNDARY AND MACHINE SHOP. MARTIN & ANDERSON, Pipe Fitters and Plumbers Dsulsiotei Xrom. Worlds. Steam Engines and engine supplies. Boilers, Steam Fittings, Water Pipe, Rubber Hose, Brass Work. Castings of every Description. *U or aildross, SA.M I£ VUC'IEB, Mero'aanta Hotol. Ytnkton.D. E. J. ANDERSON Mill Furnisher! —New process—| and gradual Reduction Mills, IRON PORCELAIN ROLLS. E.J. Porter & Co. Wholesale and Retail GROCERS. Headquarters FIRST CLASS GOODS BOTTOM PRICES. CAPITOL STREET YANKTON WM. BjuATT, Wholesale and Retail STAPLE AND FANCY, THII I -AKKTON. jx T. Caya & Alder DEALERS IN V'.i Staple and Fancy Groceries, Dried Meats, Glassware, Crockery, Cigars and Tobacco. ty Fruit of all kinds ia season. GoodB de- lirered to any part of tke city fre* of charge. Third St.^.one door west of P. 0., Stock Ranches, City Prop- erty, Loans. Municipal Bonds Negotiated. .f. R. HANSON .... YANKTON Yankton, D. T,, dtalert in Pine and Hardwood Lum-1 ber, Red Cedar Fence Posts & Mixed Paints, Lath, Doors, Shingles, Sash, Blinds, Building Paper. lyordera by mail will receive prompt at tention. Lnmbei yard on Broadway. Pine Lumber, Lath, Shingles, *«r VOLUME XI. YANKTON, BAKOTA TERRITORY, TUESDAY EVENING-, DECEMBER 8, 1885. NUMBER 173. HOTELS. Morrison House, Yankton, Dakota. D. P. WILCOX, Proprietor. RattE—$1,50 to $2,00 per day, according to location of room. rPHIM HOU8E is tbe largest Hotel in tbeoity, -1- steam heated, and is supplied with magne tic artesian waier. Germania House Bonglaa Arenas, near Third itr*et, lank tor, Dakota, Wallbanm & Becker, PROPRIETORS. This honse is the headquarter* for travelers I and immigrants. Good stabling in connection I with tbe hotel. Raymond House Yankton, Dakota. T. B.^RAYMOND PUOPBIEXOR MEDICINAL ARTESIAN WATER posseasins I most healthful medicinal properties I Exclusive property of the house. I Terms—One Dollar per day. Free bus to and from all trains. Wilcox Lumber Co Posts, Sash, Doors,j Building Paper, Cement, Lime/ Stucco, Hair, Mixed Paint, etc., YANKTON DAKOTA YANKTON DAKOTA ESTABLISHED 1871. Dakota Real Estate Agency. Farms in all Parts of Dakota At Lowest Market Prices. 2d andgMulberry Sts. Also, at LESTERTILLE, D. T. Yankton Omnibus -AND- Transfer Line. Barn.&md^Office on Walnut street, between Third and Fourth Sts. I^RDEBSfor '"us and baggage left at he offioeoratthe MERCHANTS or MOBBI BON HOTELS, tfill receive prompt attention. Stabling for farmers and freighters. A good I corral I for stock. Water running through the I oerrall. The best of taken of horses or steok. Telephone NOB.care 84, ST. CROIX J. H. MOULTON, Lumber Comp'ny ^ontractor- 89 and 90. M. R. DeCA&1P. Proprietor. Steam Fitting -AND— Pli^mloing:. I WOULD re«peot'nlly announce that prepared to contract for 'Ty-v nw iif" faihj taw TKBMS and §Hk0lHia« IB PUBLISHED EYEBY EVENING-EXCEPTING SONDAYS BBBSOBIPTION: OF month, $1,00 per year, $12,00 by mr il, per month, 85 centa per year, $10.00. Offioc on Third Street, Press and Dakotaian block. BOWEN & KINGSBURY, Prop'ts. CLEVELAND'S CONCLUSIONS. Annual Message of the Presi dent to the Congress of the United States. Suggestions and Recom mendations of the Ex ecutive to the Legis lative Body. A Document Delivered O at Noon To to the Day and Wired Waiting Millions. Washington, Deo. 8—President Oleve land's annual message was delivered to congress to-day. The following is tbe fall text of the doonment: To the Ctngress of the United Statu, Your assembling is olonded by a sense of public bereavement caused by the reoent and sadden death of Thomas A. Hendricks, vice president of tbe United States. His distinguished publio to be I a Steam Heating-, Hot Water Heat ing:, Plumbing and Gas Fitting, And am prepared to farniah tbe apparatus, net up and execute work of every description per *»ininy to any of the above branches. Shop and oflioe on Walnat street, sontb of econa, formerly Thornton, & Oobby. J. H. MOUIJTONMoalton Yankton, D. T. Ber vices, his complete integrity and devo tion to every duty and his personal vir tues will find honorabls record in his oountry's history. Tbe ample and peated esteem and confidence in which he was held by his countrymen were manifested by his eleotion to an office of tbe highest importance and the highest dignity and at length, fall of years and honors, he has been laid at rest amidst general sorrow and benediction. JBxccutive .Recommendations. The constitution which requires those chosen to legislate for the people to naally meet in the discharge of their solemn trust also requires the president to give to congress information of the state of the union aud lecommend to thair consideration such moasures as he shall deem necessary and expedient. At the threshold of a compliance with tbese constitutional directions, it ell for us to bear in mind that usefulness the people's interests will promoted by of constant appreciation tbe acope and oharacter of spective duties, as they relate to federal legislation. While the exeoative may recommend such measures as be shall deem expedient, tbe responsibility ^for legislation must and should those seleoted reBt by on the people to make the laws. &. contemplation of tbe grave and responsible functions assigned to the executive brandies of the government under the constitution will disclose tbe partitions of power between our re spective departments and their neces sary independence, and also the need for the exeroise of all the power entrusted to each in that epirit of comity and co operation which is essential to the proper fulfillment of the patriotic obliga tions which rest upon us as faithful servants of the people. The jealous watchfulness of our constituenoes, great and small, supplements their suffrage, and therefore through the tribunal they establish every publio servant should be judsed. The .Foreign Department, It iB gratifying to announce that the relations of the United States with all foreign powers continue to be friendly Our position, after nearly a century of successful constitutional government ex' hibits the maintenance dnd good faith in all our engagements, the avoidance of complications with other nations and consistent and amicable attitude toward the sttong and weak alike, furn ish proof of a political disposition which renders professions of good will nnnea es»ary. There are no questions of dif fioulty pending with any foreign gov' eminent. A GROUNDLESS CLAIM. The Argentine government has re vived tbe long dormant question of the Falkland islands by claiming from the States indemnity for their IOBSUnited attributed to the aotion of tbe commander of the sloop-of-war Lexing ton, in breaking up a practice colony on these islands in 1831, aud their sabse' quent corruption by Great Britain. In view of the ample justification for the act of the, Lexington and the derelict condition of the islands before and after the alleged occupation by Argentine colonists of this government, this claim is wholly groundless. KEILES'a CASE. A question has ariBen with the govern ment of Austria and Hungary, touching the representation of the United States at Vienna. Hnving, under my oonstitu t.onal prerogative, appointed an estima ble citizen of unimpeached probity and competent as minister at that court, the government of Austria and Hungary invited this government to cognizanoe of oertain exceptions, based upon allega tions against tbe personal acceptability of Mr. Keiley, the appointed envoy asking that in view thereof the, appointment should be withdrawn. The reasons advanoed were such as could not be acquiesced in without a violation of my oath of office and the precepts of the constitution, since they necessarily involved a limitation in favor of a foreign government upon the right of selection of the exeoative and re quired an application of a religious test as a qualification for offioe under the United States such as would have re sulted ia the praotical disfranchisement of a large olass of our aitizenB and the abandonment of a vital principle of our government, Tbe. Austro-Hongarian government finally decided not to reoeive Mr. Keiley as the envoy of tbo United States and that gentleman bas since resigned his commission, leaving the post vaoant. I have made no Dew nomination interests of this government at Vienna are now in tbe care of the secretary of the legation, as oharge-de-afi'airs interim. UY carriers, per CENTRAL AMERICAN TROUBLES. Early in Maroh last war broke out in Central America, caused by tbe attempt of Guatemala to oonsolidato the several states into a siDgle government. In these con tests between our neighboring states the United States forbore to interfere aotivsly but lent the aid of their friendly offices in deprcoation of war and to promote peace and concord among the belligerents, and by suoh counsel con tributed importantly to tbe restoration of tranquility in that looality. Emergencies growing out of the civil war in the United States of Columbia demanded cf the government at the beginning of this administration the employment of an armed force to fulfill its guarantees under the thirty-fifth artiole of the treaty of 1843, in order to keep tbe transit open aoross the isthmus of Panama. Desirous of exeroising only the powers expressly reserved to us by the treaty, and mind ful of the rights of Columbia, the forces sent to tbs isthmus were instructed to confine their aotion to positively and elli cucioasly preventing tbe transit and its accessaries from being interrupted or embarrassed. The execution of the delicate and responsible task necessarily envolved polioe control where local au thority was temporarily powerless, but alwayB in aid of tbe sovereignty of Columbia. The prompt and successful fulfillment ot its duty by this govern ment was highly appreciated by the government ot Columbia and has been lollowed by an expression of its satis faction and high praise to the officers and men engaged in this servioe. Tbe restoration of peace on the isthmus, by the re-establishment of the constituted government theie, being thus accom plished, the foroes of the United States were withdrawn. Ponding these occurrences, a question of much importance was presented by decrees of the Columbian government, proclaiming tbe closing of certaiu ports then in the hands of the insurgents aod declaring vessels held by the revolution ists to be piratical and liable to capture by any power. To neith er of these propositions could tbe United States assent. An effective closure of ports not in tbe possession of the government, but held by the hostile partisans, could not be reoognized. Neither could the vessels of the insur gents agaiust legitimate sovereignity be deemed hottu hwmaw generis THE ISTHMUS OAHAL. The interest of the United Stales in a practicable transit for ships across the strip of land separating the Atlantic from the Pacilio has bben repeatedly manifested during last half century. My immediate predesessor caused to be negotiated with Nicaragua a treaty lor the construction of, and at the sole oost of the United States, a canal through Nicaragua territory and laid it before the senate. Pending action by that body thereon, I withdrew tbe treaty for re-examination. Attentive consideration of its provisions leads me to withhold it from re-submission to the senate. Maintaining, as 1 do, tbe aotion of ten of a line of presidents from Washing ton's day, which proscribes enlargments entailing alliances with foreign states, I do not favor a policy of acquisition of of new and distant territory or the in corporation of remote interests with ours. The laws of progress are vital and organio and we mast be conscious of that irresistible tide of commercial ex pansion, as the concomital of our civilization, day by day iB being nrged onward by those increasing facili ties ot production, transportation and communication to which Bteam and electricity bas given birtb. Our duty in the present instructs us to address our selves mainly to the development of the vast resources of the great area commit ted to our charge and the cultivation of tbe arts of peace within our boandariee, though zealously preventing the American hemisphere from being in volved in the politioal problems and complications of distant governments Therefore 1 am unable to recommend any proposition involving paramount privileges of ownership or right outside our own territory, when ooupled with absolute and unlimited engagements to defend tbe territorial integrity where such interests lie. While the general project of connect ing the two oceanB encouraged, I am of *s- v* *s. is- IT by a canal is to be the opinion that any scheme to that end, to be considered with favor, should be free from the fea turt'S alluded to in the Tehuantepeo route. This route is declared by engineers of the highebt repute and by competent scientists to afford an entirely practica ble route for vessels and caigoes by means of a ship railway from the Atlantic to tbe Paoifio. The obvious advantages of such a route, if feasible, over others, more from the axial lines of trat fio between Europe and tbe Pa oifio and, particularly between the valleys of the Mississippi and the western coast of North and South America, are deserving of consid eration. Whatever highway may be con structed aoross the barrier dividing the two greatest maritime areas of the world must be for tbe world's benefit—a trust lor mankind, to be removed from the chance of denunciation by any single power, nor beoome a point of invitation of hostilities or a prize for warlike ambi tion. Engagements combining tbe oon struotion, ownership and operation cf such a work by this government, with offensive and defensive allianoes for its protection with any foreign state whose responsibilities and rights we would share, is in my judgment inconsistent with suoh dedication to universal and' neutral use apd would, moreover, entail uneasiness for ite realization beyond the soope our national policy and present means. The lapse of yeare bay abundantly confirmed the wisdom and foresight of these early administrations, whiob, long before the conditions of maritime inter course were changed and enlarged by *1 'H.. within the preoeptB of international law, whatever might be tbe definition and penalty of tbeir acts under the municipal law of the state against whose authority they were in revolt. Tbe denial by this government of the Columbian propositions did not, however, imply tbe admission of a belligerent status on the part of the insurgents. The Columbian government has expressed its willing ness for negotiation conventions for tbe adjustment by arbitration of the claims by foreign citizens arising out of tbe destruction of tbe city of Aspinwall by the insurrectionary forces. ,if ,2 'hi'. fysi vj£i ~V v-,2®P®$&-*,rt'v* _- -ii^. and the' the progress of the age, proclaimed the ad v' ?V ., '&» v* *^&£" ^v vital need of inter-ooeanio traffio across the commercial isthmus and consecrat-! edit in advance to the common use of mankind by their positive declarations and through the formal, obligations of treaties. Toward such a realization the efforts of my administration will be ap-: plied, even bearing in mind the principles on whioh it must rest,' whioh were declared in no nnoertain tones by Mr. Cass, who, while secretary of state in 1858, announoed that what the United States want in Central Amerioa, next to tbe happiness of its people, is the security and neutrality of the inter-ooeamo routes which lead through it., Transportations is faotor in the cost of commodities soarcely seaond to that of tboir production and weighs as heavily on the consumer. Our existence already bas proven tbe great importance of hav ing the competition between land car riage and water oarnage fully developed, eaob aoting as a protection to the publio against the tendencies of monopoly, whioh is in point tbe consolidation of wealth and power in the hands of vast corporations. These suggestions may serve to emphasize what I have already Baid on the score of the necessity of a neutralization of any inter-ooeanio trans it, and this interest oan only The condition of the Chinese ques tion in the western states and territories is, despite this restrictive legislation, far from being satisfactory. Tbe reoent outbreak in Wyoming territory, where numbers of unoffending Cbineae, indis putably within the proteotion ol treaty and law, were murdered by a mob, and the Btill more recent threatened out break of the same oharacter in Wash ington territory, are still fresh in the minds of all, and there is apprehension lest the bitterness of feeling against tbe Mongolian race on the Paoifio slope may find vent in similar lawless demon strations. All the power of this government should be exerted to maintain the amplest good faith toward China in tbe treatment ot these men, and the inflexi ble sternness of law in bringing wrong doers to justice should be insisted upon. Every effort has been made by the government to prevent these violent outbreaks and to aid the representatives of China in their investigation of these outrages and it is but just to aa that they are traceable to the lawlessness of men not citizens of tbe United States, engaged in competition with Chinese laborers. Race prejudice is the chief faotor in originating these disturbances and it exists in a large part on our domain, eopardizing our name and the good re lationship we try to maintain with China. The right of the government to prevent the influence of all hostile to its internal peaoe and seourity may not be questioned, even where there is no treaty stipulation on the subjeot. That tbe exclusion of Chinese labor is demanded in other coun tries where like conditions pre vail, shortly evident in the dominion of Canada, where Chinese immegration is now regulated by law moro exclusive than our own. If existing laws are in adequate to compasb tbe end view, I shall be prepared to give earnest con sideration to any future remedial meas ure within treaty limits which congress may desire. 7 T11AN8-OONTINENXAL BOUTES. 3* The oonatruotion of three trans-con tinential lines of railroad, all in suooees-'. ful operation, wholly within oar terri tor yand uniting tbe Atlantio and Paoifio ooean, haB been accompanied by results of a most interesting and impressive nature and has created new conditions, not in the routes of oommeroe only but in political geography, whioh powerfully affect our relations toward, and neces sarily increase our interests in, any transit routes whioh may be opened and employed for the ends of peaoe and traffic, or in other contingencies for nses mimioal to both. A SMALL FOWEB. The independent state of Congo has been organized as a government under tbe soveriegnty of his majesty the Kiog of tbe Belgium, who assumes its ohief magistracy in his personal oharac ter only, without making the new state a dependency on Belgium. It is for tunate that a benighted region, owing all it has of quickening civilization to tbe benefioience of the philanthropic spirit of this monarch should have the advantage and seourity of its benevo lent supervision. The aotion taken by this government last year in being the firet to recognize the flag of tbe international association of Congo has been followed by a formal recognition of tbe new nationality which suoceeded its sovereigb powers. A con ference of delegates of the prinoipal commercial nation was held at Berlin last winter to disousa methods whereby the Congo basin might be kept open to tbe world's traffic. Delegates attended on behalf of the United States on an understanding that their part should be merely deliberative, without imparting to the result my binding character, so far as the United StatCB were concerned. This reservation was due to the indispo sition of this government to share in any disposal by an international con gress of jurisdictional questions in re mote foreign territories. The results of the conference were embodied in a form al declaration of the nature of the inter national convention, which laid down certain obligations purporting to be binding on tbe signators, subject to ratification within one year. Notwith standing the reservation nnder Whioh tbe delegates of the Unit ed States attended, tbeir signatures (Continued on seoond page.) Ui vV it 1 atig *3! 1 i& be accom plished by making the use6 of routes open to all nations and Bubjeot to the ambitions and warlike necessities of none. The drawings and report of tha recent survey of the Nicaraguan canal route, made by Chief Engineer Menecle, will be communicated for your information. CHILIAN CLAIMS, The claims of oitizens of tbe United StateB for loes by reason of tbe late military operations of Chili in Peru und Bolivia are the subject of negotiations for a claim convention with Obili, providing for their submieBion to arbitration. THE CHINESE QUESTION. The harmony of our relations with China is fully sustained in tbe applica tion of the act lately passed to execute tbe treaty of 1880, restrictive of the immigration of Chinese laborers into tbe United State?. Individual eases cf hardship have occurred beyond the power ot the executive to remedy and calling for judicial determination.