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Rural and workman and "Ladies' Little Rock journal." (Little Rock, Ark.) 1884-1884, June 21, 1884, Image 10

Image and text provided by Arkansas State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92050016/1884-06-21/ed-1/seq-10/

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Propagation of Carp.
A Washington correspondent recently de
scribed an interesting sight that was wit
nessed by many persons when the water was
drawn from one of the carp ponds used by the
Fish Commission for propagating purposes.
The pond from which the water was exhaust
ed is in sight of the White House, between
that building ami the Potomac river. Togeth
er with several other ponds it is in charge of
Dr. Rudolph, Superintendent of Government
Fish Ponds. During the summer some of the
ponds were'"fillcd with rare aquatic plants,
and visitors win) saw none of the fish were
amply rewarded for a visit to Dr. Hassel’s
ponds by the shower of luxurient plants and
brilliant Howers. The pond emptied covers
two or three acres—perhaps five. It is shal
low, as the carp do not require great depth of
water. When the water was reduced to a
narrow stream crossing the pond the fish
were scooped out with nets, transferred to
tubs, and having been carefully counted, were
ready for shipment to such points as Profess
or Spencer F. Baire, the Commissioner of
Fish and Fisheries, had directed. In this
first pond emptied it was ascertained that,
by the natural process of propagation, the in
crease had been 65,000 in one year. The fish
taken are varied in size from the minute spec
imens half un inch or less in length to those
of two or three pounds in weight. They were
principally mirror carp, having a few scales
along the hack, but there were in their com
pany not a few leather carp ami an occasional
hybrid and tench.
Training V icious Horses.
A very simple method and an improvement
upon the Rarey system of training vicious
horses was, says the Rural Canadian, exhib
ited at West Philadelphia recently, and the
manner in which some of the wildest horses
were subdued was astonishing. The first
trial ww made on a. kicking or “ba'king”:
mare, which her owner said had allowed no
rider on her back for at least five years. She
became tame in about as many minutes, and
allowed herself to be ridden about without a
sign of her former wildness. The means by
winch the result was accomplished was a
piece of light rope, which was passed around
the front jaw of the mare just above the front
teeth, crossed in her mouth, thence secured
back other neck. It was claimed that no
horse will kick or jump when thus secured,
and that a horse after receiving that treatment
a few times will abandon his vicious wavs
forever. A simple method was also shown
by which a kicking horse could be shod. It
consisted in connecting the animal’s head and
tail by means of a rope fastened to the tail
and then to the bit, and then drawn tightly
enough to incline (he animal’s head to one
side. This, it is claimed, makes it absolutely
impossible for a horse to kick on the side (if
the rope. At the same exhibition a horse,
which for years had to be bound on the ground
to be shod, suffered the blacksmith to operate
on him without attempting to kick while se
cured in the manner described.
The International Exposition
(Rural World)
The President recently signed the bill loan
ing to the lug show at New Orleans one million
dollars. The managers of that great enter
prise are therefore, correspondingly happy
The exposition itself will not only 'be a great
advertisement to the South, but innumerable
other benefits will result that may not appear
at first glance. It- will be one of those rare
occasions which will bring together the pro
ducers and consumers of southern products,
and at the same time bring the people of the
North fact' to face with those of the far South.
It will serve better than anything else to briim
about the total effacement 'of sectional ill-feel
ing, and will at the same time establish more
RURAL AND WORKMAN.
intimate business and social intercourse be
tween the people of the North and the South.
Pacing Horses.
(Rural World.)
To develop a pacer requires patience, know
ledge of temperament and a careful study of
motion. It is customary to make the weight
'of the hind shoe just one half the weight of
the forward shoe; ami a light toe-weight work
well on some pacers. We know of a- natural
pacer whose trainer first used a shoe of 22
ounces. He gradually cut this down to 14
ounces, and then put on a three ounce toe
weight and drove him a mile in 2:17. The
best way to reduce the weight is to allow the
shoe to become pretty well worn, and then
to nail on a new shoe of the exact weight of
the old one. As the wear amounts to from
one to three ounces, it is easy to sec that the
weight will be greatly reduced at the end of
several shoeings. There is danger, however,
in allowing a shoe to stay on much longer
than a fortnight. The growth of horn is such
as to unbalance the action. See to it that
the toes do not become unduly extended.
Also watch the heels. Some horses wear a
six-ounce shoe forward, others an eight, and
others still a ten-ounce shoe. The only way
to determine the weight for a horse is by ex
perimental test. You cannot decide what
boots are necessary until you study the action.
Protect the places that the horse hits in pass
ing. Much depends upon the bit. A high
spirited horse will usually tight against a
snaffle, and a rubber bit willl keep him in a
better humor and make him more subject to
treatment. It is a good rule to put the mild
est possible bit in the sensative mouth of a
horse. It is easy to lay down rules. To ap
ply them is more difficult. We hope our
correspondent has had some experience with
horses, because a man devoid of experience has
no conception of the difficulties to he sur
mounted by the art of the trainer.
Green Food for Swine.
Prof. S. B. Thompson, of the Nebraska
Agricultural College, says that green food
makes thriftier and larger hogs. Farmers
who raise many pigs and feed them exclusively
on corn, know that some of the shoats will
cease to grow at an early age, begin to lay on
fat, and never reach the size of good, mer
chantable hogs. This tendency to fatten pre
maturely at the expense of bone growth is not
seen to any great extent in grass-fed hogs.
A pig fed on bulky green food wil] de
velop a larger stomach than one fed on con
centrated food like corn; and when you come
to fatten it, this enlarged capacity will enable
him to eat and digest more corn, and thus
fatten faster than the other, and be a more
profitable hog to grow for market Grass-fed
hogs are healthier than grain-fed-
Every intelligent breeder knows the advan
tages of feeding green food to sows about to
farrow. They have less difficulty with their
pigs, are less liable to destroy them, will give
more milk and nurse them better. Grass-fed
hogs are less liable to disease. The dreaded
hog cholera is not much to be feared where
Jiogs have the run of a good clover pasture.
Undoubtedly, if exposed to contagion, they
would take the disease, but they are not like
yto develop it. For example, a tanner had
his hogs in a small pen, destitute of grass
with no water except a muddy poo], which
soon was made as vile as possible by the hogs.
After a while the hogs began to die in consid
erable numbers, with symptoms resembling
cholera . The owner was alarmed, took them
out ot his pen, turned them on a patch of
green rye and gave them water from a well.
, Ine disease was checked and the deaths
I ceased.
Eeefeisal.
LIFE IS WHAT WE M AKErj I
Let’s oftener talk of noble deeds,
And rarer of bad ones,
And sing about our happy days,
And not about the sad ones'.
We were not made to fret and sigh
And when grief sleeps to wake it:
Bright happiness is standing by—
This life is what we make it.
Let’s find the sunny side of men.
Or be believers in it,
A light there is in every soul,
That takes the pains to find it;
Oh! there’s a slumbering good in all
And we perchance may wake it;
Our hands contain the magic wand—
This life is what we make it.
Then here’s to those whose loving hearts I
Shed light and joy about them;
Thanks be to them for countless gems
We ne’er had known without them;
Oh! this should be a happy world,
To all who may partake it;
The fault’s our own if it is not—
This life is what we make it.
RAIN ON THE ROOF.
COATES KINNEY.
When the humid shadows gather
Over all the starry spheres,
And the melancholy darkness
Gently weeps in rainy tears,
What a bliss to press the pillow
< >f a cottage chamber bed,
And to listen to the palter
Os the soft rain overhead !
Every tinkle on the shingles
Has an echo in the heart,
And a thousand dreamy fancies,
Into busy being start.
And a thousand recollections,
Weave their air-threads into woof,
As I listen to the patter
Os the rain upon the roof.
Now in memory comes my mother,
As she used, long years agone,
To survey her darling dreamers,
Ere she left them till the dawn,
I can see her leaning o’er me,
As I listen to the refrain
Which is played upon the shingles
By the palter of the rain.
Then my little seraph sister,
With her wings and waving hair,
And her star-eyed cherub brother,
A serene, angelic pair!
Glide around my wakeful pillow,
With their praise or mild reproof,
As 1 listen to the man inr
Os the rain upon the roof.
And another comes to thrill me
With her eyes’ delicious blue;
And I mind not, musing on her,
That her heart was all untrue.
I remember but to love her,
With a passion kin to pain,
As my heart’s quick pulses vibrate
To the patter of the rain.
Art hath not of tone or cadence
That can work with such a spell,
In the soul’s mysterious fountains,
Whence these tears of rapture well,
And the melody of Nature,
That sobdued, subduing strain.
Which is played upon the shingles
By the patter of the rain.
American Carp Cultural Associafi*’ 11,
A number of gentlemen in the neighborly
of Philadelphia, already engaged in carp cl
tore, propose the formation of a Natid 1
Association with title above given. Tl> (
realize that carp culture is to become ap roll
inent industry in this country; and to
time and looney, as well as to prevent
directed efforts it is proposed to form !l "■
tional association and establish a mont®
journal mainly devoted to this subject. ,1
annual payment of $2,00 each by those
will join the Association will cover the
scription to the journal, the membership 1 ■
and all expenses.

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