OCR Interpretation


Rural and workman and "Ladies' Little Rock journal." (Little Rock, Ark.) 1884-1884, June 21, 1884, Image 11

Image and text provided by Arkansas State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92050016/1884-06-21/ed-1/seq-11/

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I'
cattle.
he Hereford « probably afford to give
v claim it has on the ground of dairy
ll and take its stand solely upon its
IS I r , v grazing and beef-making pro
•t'l'aol'("lwhik the Short-horn can stand,
at Rhodeß on two seperate
1 I Unw far this divided support gives it
e '| ! j f.ure over the Hereford, or the con
which the admirers of
l'\’horns and Herefords, respectively may
I e’the subject of amicable debate. To an
h l ;. ls d outsider, it seems clear that granting
lC ■advantage of ability to meet either pur
laS'-the production of beef or of milk—we
• "lit still doubt how far the milking and flesh
ln |ino- tendencies can belong conjointly to
!ZII I one animal; how much of either must be
' s '|enderedforthc sake of the union, where
i a l itempt is made to bring out both together.
National Live-Stock Journal, Chicago,
idfl orn-ail, in ninety-nine cases out of every
i tldred, exists only in the imagination. No
I il dard work on veterinary science that I
m amiliar with alludes to horn-ail. There
■species of quackery which refers the aches
LSS I diseases of animals to their horns or tails,
‘.J I tioning the boring of the former and the
Filing of the latter. The actual disease
i| th occasions a loss or increase of temper
lie of the external surface of the body,
* r ai lis included, may be, and often is, located
•\ I ther the brain, stomach or bowels, and
Gl l her times is the result of local congestion
Fl le lungs and other parts, mere effects, the
I Its of preexisting disease; therefore, I
"I end that the term horn-ail; when used to
"P'l'ess the condition of parts sympatheti
-1 I' effected or aroused, throws no light on
I nature of the disease under which the
oil iallabors. I think your ox has pleurisy
on I diainatimr of the lungs, The I'oioAving
Hl I be .good: Fluid extract of lobelia., one
ioilu; liquor acetate of ammonia, four ounces;
id ■water, one pint; mix; repeat the dose at
a Bwd of four hours. Let the patient have
is Iv doses of powdered nitre, to the amount
bm■ vo ounces ner dav, in three doses.—[Cor.
mStern Rural. .
' e f l uan tity qf food needed by stock varies
atlil animals of the same age and
[ til 1 ! ant nec e s ßari]y varies to a greater
Th I ,\i am< W animals of different breeds,
thlnffl • subject a farmer in England says it
n 'l;', correct to reckon a sheep con-
Ru| "enty-oight pounds of green food, an
■ a COW 150 pounds a calf forty pounds,
I yearling eighty pounds daily. At this
™ ‘•“«,»» conßumesas nmeh as five
twenty five l t r „ eqUir f e 10,220 ? OU l’e 8 ’
’ 1.1/Vi' 11 bwour domestic ani-
■ lirf,, K mto wild ’>«*■ The wiki
ro "Bwrs h.ft ii la y the descendants of a few
"■td vov. ?. v Captain Cook, the cele-
V r "’ild cattle +°k the seventeenth century,
]' ■ 1 , ere are some of the short
s j ’ scen(^an^s f rom stray mem
ia W EngL?] a f armer had’imported
I 1
Australian hunter with his
c" |1 B itly fatten • ’ their domestic relatives
■tg one of th ™ eir P ens an( t stalls, consti
oll«le World 10 h rrca test moneyed interests
in ■ [A
lice —A Western breeder
JI bee on *'o “i published reme-
n. s ' H 'k has fallen back to the
qil’F and st J" '/ Tobacco can be bought
X;i rOm c fe ar makers for
<r ill an d arm],. / ou have, a strong decoc
tof|? d third ?, h a l rt - Apply the
I<| i °t oiil v i. ] 1° ekterminate one
tiiinj JUrtl al th P a .l tho ]j,L on the stock,
“ e fumigate or white
RURAL AND WORKMAN.
wash all stables and sheds, being careful to
have the whitewash penetrate every crack and
corner. If once rid of them, examine every
new animal brought on the place, and if
necessary doctor immediately.
There is a disease known to cattle men,
called “grease heel,” that has many features
of the other, and almost as fatal, but not con
tagious. This attacks cattle by reason of ex
posure and imperfect care. As it is exceed
ingly irritative, the cattle lick the parts affect
ed and often get sore mouths in consequence.
The way cattle are sometimes cared for during
the winter, the wonder is that more of them
are not affected than there arc. To keep cat
tle in corrals, with freezing and thaws, and
standing about in the fermenting soil satur
ated with their own droppings, is simply sup
plying the highest conditions for breeding
disease. Their feet are never dry except
when the ground is frozen, and never warm
except when steamed under their own bodies
-[Rural World.
HORSES.
Men who would complain, says the Nation
al Stockman, if they would be compelled to
labor eight or ten hours per day, think but
little of compelling their horses to work from
twelve to fifteen hours out of every twenty
four, and think nothing of it. Driving horses
are generally the class of horses that suffer
the most from long hours, on account, per
haps, of the light labor of those who handle
them. The man who is obliged to plod after
the plow or cultivator all day is generally
ready to sympathize with his team, and sel
dom abuses his horses in this way, but the
man who has nothing to do but hold the lines
seldom realizes what amount of work he is
imposing upon them.
Exercise is requisite for the production of
a good and substantial breed of horses, says
the Prairie Farmer. Without labor, as well
for breeding mares as for Hallion,y, we can
never grow stock for hard work. Too much
inaction extinguishes the generative power.
In this respect, wild horses show us an ex
ample worthy of imitation. And, besides,
the powerful stallion has always an advant
age over the weak one; for mares in a state of
nature always give preference to the more ac
tive and vigorous; the indolent stallion, with
out energy, being refused and frequently ill
treated by them. In a herd of wild horses
the weekly cannot keep pace in their labor
ious courses with the stronger, but are forced
to stop for breath; the laggers-behind are dis
persed and separted, and become the prey of
ferocious beasts.
The domesticated horse has neither to fear
the teeth of the wolf nor the inclemencies of
the season, anil yet he is no longer the same
animal. His whole nature has undergone
notable modification. Nowadays man directs
the intercourse' of the sexes. Our present
breed of domestic horses is, in truth, man’s
own, making allowance for the instinct of
self-preservation, modified by domesticity.
The horse no longer breeds but at our com
mand. Since, then, man has made himself
absolute master over horses, it is his duty to
find means to make amends for the privileges
he has deprived them of; and this compensa
tion will be found in work. It is in well-reg
ulated exercise alone that the domesticated
animal finds any guarantee for a long and
supportable life.
HOGS.
In the summer and early fall feeding of i
pigs, we have found sweet corn one of the
best and most convenient kinds of fodder.
Pork is made to the best advantage by putting
the pigs, as soon as they are weaned horn the
sow and have learned to eat milk and meal, |
into the pen, and keeping them there under:
full feed until they are ready for slaughter in
November or December. With a good breed
of swine there is no difficulty in making:
March pigs weigh from 250 to 300 pounds at j
eight or nine months old. With plenty of
Indian meal and skimmed milk they will
grow rapidly until the corn is largo enough
for cutting. About the first of August, this
should be given as an additional ration. ’ The
pigs will eat the green stalks and leaves with
the greatest relish after the ears have been
plucked. It is an excellent appetizer, helps
the digestion ot more solid food, and promotes
the thrift of the animals. Field corn may not
be quite so nutritious, but no better use can
be made of that, after the ears are in milk,
than to cut and feed it to fattening swine. It
costs much less to make pork in summer than
in cold winter weather.—[American Agricul
turist.
It is not the hog that grows to the largest
size to which we should always look for the
greatest profit, for large hogs require time in
order to attain size, but the object should be
to secure stock from breeds that convert the
largest proportion of feed into flesh in the
shortest possible space of time. The hog that
fulfils these expectations must be capable of
readily and rapidly digesting and assimilating
food. While much depends upon the quality
of the food given, something depends upon
the breed also. A hog may be capable of
converting corn into pork, the cost of the pork
so procured being but little, and yet the pro
duction of pork may be greater if the nature
of the animal requires an extra feeding of
roots, or some other dietary food. A hog will
often produce greater results from corn and
turnips than from corn alone, and eases have
been known in which an entire change of food
has given satisfaction, especially when the
feeding of corn was renewed. The first de
sideratum is to push the pig, forcing him in
growth. To do this the fattening process
must be ignored, as the bony structure of the
animal must be attended to. In other words,
we must lay the foundation and secure the
framework before the carcass can be finished.
The older the hog the slower the growth, and
although an animal will increase in weight
faster at ah early age than when”, advanced,
yet the materials required for the production
of the excess, which is in favor of the younger
hog, are naturally not the same as those re
quired for older ones.—[Rural World.
SHEEP.
This remedy for foot rot in sheep is said to
be unfailing: Take equal parts in weight of
red lead and pulverized blue vitriol; and
enough nitric acid to make a thick paste; after
paring the hoof until all diseased partswill
be well exposed, apply with paddle. Sheep
should remain in house with dry floor twenty
four hours after being treated, unless the
weather is quite dry, when it is much better
to turn on dry, short sod; but care should be
taken to prevent sheep from crossing streams
or mud. Three applications are usually
sufficient.
In many of the older portions of the coun.
try sheep, for one reason or another, have
been crowded off the farms. There are indi
cations of a return to the wise practice of the
fathers, when every farm had its flock. Says
Col. Curtis, of the Rural New Yorker:
“Sheep fit in so nicely upon the farm that
they can scarcely be dispensed with. They
have an advantage over other stock, inas
much as they may be made to furnish an in
come twice in the year —first the wool and
then the lambs. They may be made to do
more than this, and really do afford another
income in the Autumn or Winter, by the
fattening and sale of the old sheep, or the
sale of the surplus stock.
The old practice of washing sheep before
shearing has fallen into disuse among the
most progressive farmers. It does not pay.
Aside from the colds, rheumatisms, and other
inconveniences incurred by men and animals,
the wool is not increased in market value
enough to justify the time and labor expend
ed. If the fleeces are filled with burrs and
rubbish, the washing they get on the sheep s
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