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The Bridgeport times and evening farmer. (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1918-1924, January 01, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92051227/1918-01-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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The Weather Report
Washington, Jan. 1 South
ern New Englamdi Fair, not
quite so cold tonight; Wednes
day partly cloudy and farmer.
Moderate northeast to southeast
VOL. 54 NO. 1
ir lit
Kfty Local School In
structors Will Become
Government Steno
graphers ' Salaries
and Future in U. S.
Service Better.
Lured by the government's
Avage rate, which is greatly
higher than the average school
teachers' salary, approximate
ly 50 teachers of public schools
in this city are fitting them
selves as stenographers and
typists and will soon enter the
government service in Wash
ington. The government will
start these women at the rate
of $1,000 per year, which
amount is paid to teachers of
eight years' experience under
the schedule of the Board of
Th adrlsahmty of school teachers
3rgnfq ir- w aafB la wrgeil Tiy ifi-s.
H. WUlard neck, chairman of the
Women's activities of Bridgeport,
who has Just returned from Wash
ington, D. C
The demand for women steno
graphers, typists and clerks for gov
ernment work to replace young men
-who have gone to the front Is fast
Increasing and the minimum sched
ule of $1,00 a year is backed by a
maximum of unlimited figures to
" women who juallfy. The present
minimum wage for school teachers is
J600 a year under the Bridgeport
schedule, which Is eotnparailTely high
In comparison with other cites of its
After gradnni'iis from Normal
school, the gisvduate Is started at the
minimum an4 she most serve two
years at that figure. Her salary is
increased $TS annually until the max
imum of $1,25 is reached, which
comes after her tenth year as a
iracn-r. m oDcam tne maximum a
teacher must paas special qnaliflca
' Hons, whieh are obtained by attend
ing special summer courses.
SDeeJal Baton-day morning- classes
Jiave been installed at the CKttohess
Business collece and the Bridgeport
Business college, each of which has
t oresent 15 teachers In attendance.
The Booth & Bayliss school has about
' 15 school teachers in its stenography
and tyrewritln classes, while four
era attendlnc: the Union Business col
lege. Baca of the college heads ex
pects more teachers to Join the
The school teaching forces being
already crrooled txr the Inability to
obtain teachers, the Board of Educa
tion faces a serious problem, which
may result In wholesale salary in
creases as an Inducement to retain
the present forces.
Ahington, Jan. 1 Sixteen million
ames were added to the mem-
p roll ot the American Ked
as the result of the Christmas
lership drive, Henry P. Davison,
chaiiiiian of the national war council
announced today in New Year greet
ings forwarded to workers whose ef
forts made the drive a big suc
cess. -
"The wonderful achievement of en
rolling one-fifth of the entire popula-
" tion of the United States as members
Of the American Red Cross," said the
message, "is less a triumph than it is
a call to greater service. The Ameri
can Red Cross is carrying a message
of love and sympathy to nerican
soldiers and sailors and to the troops
and civilian population- of our allies
i:i all parts of the world. it is seek
ing to shorten the war and it is seek
ing lay a foundation for a more
enduring peace when the war is
, Leonard Costigan of 202 Hollister
avenue celebrating the coming of the
. ... t i . : . . i .1 :
. rw x ear liisi lugiii uj units lc
volver loaded with real bullets. Some
of the missiles went into the home of
Mrs. Clancy, who livs near by, and
Hhe made a complaint to" the police.
Cojitigan was fined $75 in the city
court by Judge Wilder today," and
paid the fine. Fortunately no one
"..as hurt by the flying bullets.
''. f : - '
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.:, -. -4 r Mi.rairti tsr h cua rara m- b esp i tua m vm u en unrm ta h m n h h k a en if Kr fitir i ih- n
. . .0 m Ira-H li AH E a a Ei E a M f-'-'-t fS 4 M n i 14 11 11 II M - f 1 M H N IBB rUBSflE-U E3 lft KJ1 H (ill MV I la. If f 1 H H H Kill HI Bl. B BjSR RS M
. "jv - . r---i n. n tn gm Baa ez n n n -. rv m m. esi iai n o ra bi ii. ki ii n rrr - . n. -
After Exerting Every Influence the Local Fuel
Board Finds Itself Unable to Promise Coal to
Factories Economic Disaster Impending.
Havinq exerted every possible influence to obtain relief
from the shortage of bituminous
ple Bridgeport's munitions industry, Carl F. Siemon, chairman
of the local fuel committee; State Fuel Administrator Thomas
V. Russell and members of the Manufacturers' Association are
anxiously awaiting some word from government officials that
will throw a ray of hope on the situation.
Details of the conditions have been laid before the highest
officials in Washington including Secretary of War Baker, Sec
retary of Navy Daniels and Fuel Administrator Garfield. The
manufacturers are prepared for the worst and' anticipate clos
ing their doors.
Besides the personal appeals by Governor Marcus H, Hol
comb in Washington, scores of other appeals have been sent by
telegraph by manufacturers of this city, Siemon and Russell.
Unless substantial shipments are received within the next 10
days more than half of Bridgeport's skilled labor will be walk
ing the streets, and 30.000 will be idle.
Siemon in a statement today said, "We are all waiting for
word from Washington and can only hope that some relief will
be Torthcoming. I nave been trying for several hours to get in
touch with Mr. Russell to learn if he has heard anything." Rus
sell attended a meeting of the manufacturers yesterday and ob
tained much data regarding the Bridgeport situation.
Four government departments In
Washington today are co-ordinating
their effort- to relieve the acute coal
shortage In New Tngland. Ran and
water facilities will" be supplied llber-
allly to restore the greatly diminished
fuel supply.
Secretary McAdoo has ordered the
immediate release of 1,500 coal laden
cars standing on Pennsylvania railroad
sidings between Harristrarg and New
Tork and has directed that they be
sent Immediately to New England
One harge of soft coal about 7S0
tons arrived In Uie harbor today
together with two bargfe- loads of
hard coal for domestic use.
The price of hard coal at the re
tail dealers was raised from 10 to
$10. EO a ton at a meeting of the
fuel committee yesterday afternoon.
Explaining this increase Siemon said:
"This could not be avoided In view ot
the increase of 35 cents a ton, re
cently allowed the miners by Presi
dent Wilson. The committee fixed
the price of one-half ton at J 5.50;
quarter-ton at $S, and the following
prices for pea cool: Ton. 19; half
ton, J4-75; quarter-ton, $2.50.
For no known or apparent season,
George P. Bastedo, aged 28, of 251
Park street, a soldier In the ordnance
corps of the United States army, sta
tioned at Camp Upton, Tfvphank, L. I
committed suicide by taking a small
quantity of potassium cyanide, early
this morning.
His dead body was found in the
bath room of an apartment occupied
by Archie Parkhurst, of 2105 North
Main street, a friend with whom he
had been visiting for one day. Park
hurst made the gruesome discovery at
9:45 o'clock, and promptly notified ths
emergency hospital.
Dr. J. P. Keegan responded to the
call, and pronounced the man dead
On Baetedo's person Tie found a small
box containing the deadly substance
Bastedo had used, and On the floor
near the body he picked up several
photographs of the soldier's children.
The discovery of the photographs gives
rise to the. belief that the man may
have had some family trouble.
Bastedo had been out, last evening,
celebrating the advent of New Tear
with several friends. When last spok
en to, he seemed to be of normal mind
and in good spirits. The poison ' he.
took was purchased at Hindle's drug
store in this caty.arad it is thought that
the man may have obtained it aftel
leaving his friends.
Toltdo. Jan. 1. Fire in a two, story
apartment house here early today
caused when a lighted candie fell
from a Christmas tree, trapped three
persons who were burned o death
before firemen could reach Jhem. -
and Evening Fajrmer
coal, which threatens to crip
The price of a lfi-pound bag of nut
coal was Increased to 11 cents and
the same weight of tiea coal 12 cents.
Bags containing 125 pounds, sold by
pedlars, will cost 85 cents.
Beginning tomorrow the pedlar
system will become effective and the
committee has arranged with the
dealers to keep 25 or 30 street ped
lars supplied. The city will be di
vided into zones and only one pedlar
will be allowed in each zone. This
system is for the benefit of people
who cannot afford to buy coal m
large quantities.
Contracts taken by retail dealers
for large quantities are morally can
celled, according to an order from
Washington today. "Persons depend
ing upon dealers to keep contract
must be served in ton or half-ton lots
and treated the same as others," said
Hope of getting coal by water has
been abandoned, according to Har
bormaster W. A. Lamond, who today
said the Sound was frozen to a thick
ness of nine inches.
The Bridgeport Gas Light Co. has
an ample supply of soft coal, accord
ing to statements of several company
officials today.
Charles Mitchell of New Haven and
R. J. Ryle of Stamford, have been
designated by Collector James J,
Walsh of the internal revenue service
to act as Income tax collectors in the
city. Both men will be at the Federal
building at 9 o'clock tomorrow morn
ing and will remain in this city for a
period of two months.
As pointed out In this paper some
weeks ago it is necessary that
nearly every person in this city make
returns on their incomes. Penalties will
be meted out by the government to
every person who shall fail to make
returns during the period the income
tax collectors occupy offices.
Both collectors will give any as
sistance possible in making out re
turns and are so instructed that
they will be able to give expert ad
vice on all matters relating to the in
come tax laws.
Every single person who has an
income of more than $1,000 .is re
quired to make & report to the gov
ernment and every married man with
an income of more than $2,000 is re
quired also to make' returns.
Stockholm. Jan. 1. Ukrainian anrt
! Cossack "forces in a great battle on
the southwestern front have defeatnd
Bolshevik troops, taking 400 prisoners
and capturing ei., big guns and 328
machine guns, acco'i'ng tp a dispatch
received by the Daarens Nyheter from
Petrograd by wav of Haporadna, The
Cossacks are
in hot pursuit of . the
Hold-up New Year's
Celebration in Pine St.
Failing to Get Store
Receipts They Open
Fire With Six Revolv
ers and Terrorize Men.
Interrupting a hilarious New
Year's celebration which was
in progress at the time, six
armed desperadoes perpetrated
a daring raid upon the coffee
house conducted by Freedman
Lakatos, at 361 Pine street, m
the early hours bf this morn
ing, and failing in an attempt
to rob the proprietor of his
day's receipts, wrecked the
place by opening fire with half
a dozen revolvers.
They ered into tables, chairs, coun
ters, show-cases and' other fixtures,
at l.eans of dishe. at tho cash reg
ister, at the. -desV.--i.nd everywhere.
Then thev went about finishing with
their hands the work of destruction
started with their weapons, and when
thev had finished, thev had left hardi
ly a thine that resembled its former
Propertv worth several hundreds of
rollars was found to be damaged
when, after the Intruders had gone,
Lakatos and his employes made a
hasty Inspection of tht promises. The
kitchen and dining room were almost
completely demolished, and conditions
were such that tne proprietor was
unabfe to reopen his place for busi
ness today.
This morning Lakatos reported- the
occurrence to the police, and an in
vestigation Is In progress. The man
gave a fairly complete description of
the six runmen. and every effort will
be made to apprehend them. Lakatos
informed the authorities that he had
taken in cuite a bit of money during
the day. but had placed it in safe
keeping ibeforo resuming business for
the night, and coneeouently this
money escape& the hands of the
The establishment was crowded with
patrons, but none were Injured, every
person finding shelter behind some
overturned table or other piece of
furniture in time to escape the raiD
of bullets. Firing continued for sev
eral minutes, and about 50 shots were
discharged before the marauders
withdrew, none the richer for their
bold effort.
It was just 20 minutes after mid
night when the pinmen, six In num
ber, entered the place in a boisterous
manner, and walked up to the cash
ier's desk, where Lakatos sat. They
were laughing and shouting, and to
the merry-makers seated at the ta
bles they appeared to be merely a
crowd of young fellows out for a good
time and somewhat "under the Influ
ence of. liquor.
Suddenly a man, who appeared to
be the leader, whipped a pistol from
his pocket and pointed it at Lakatos,
at the same time commanding the
frightened proprietor to "shell out
lakatos sat as though stunned, and
ir.aiis no move to comply. The com
mand was repeated and this time tho
man opened his cash register and in
vited; the- robber to Inspect it.
A jsulek glance showed the hold-up
man ithat the till was almost empty.
, save for a small amount of silver, and
,that the amount was not woth tak
ing. He gave expression to his dis
appointment, and muttered something
to the five with him. Almost in
stantly afterward, a revolver appear
ed in each man's hand.
Pointing their weapons at the pa
trons, the desperadoes ordered them
to throw up their hands, and when all
had dona so, commanded them to
leave the restaurant. Then, without
waiting for all to escape in the mad
scramble whieh followed, the six
thieves commenced shooting.
Rotterdam. Jan. 1. Mathiaa Ersber
of the Clerical party; Friedrich
Ebert of the Socialist party; and Herr
Ptechbeek of the Progressives, have
informed the Berlin correspondent of
the Neuwe Rotterdamsche Courant
that the German declaration in Brest
Litovsk is approved unreservedly by
! the members of the reichstag, main
committee. The members of this com
mittee represent the majority of par-
es responsible for the ri
Peatl resolution of July IS.
Austrians Lose Men, Officers and Booty to Assail
ants in Monte Tomba Region New Blow
Marks Change in Tide of Battle.
Italian Headquarters in Northern Italy, Jan. 1 (By the As
sociated Press) The magnitude of the achievement of, the
French troops in the Monte Tomba region grows as full details
are received. In addition to 1,483 men, including 44 Austrian
officers, several of high rank, made prisoner, and seven large
guns captured, the booty includes 6(1 machine guns, several
trench quick firers and a great
But the chief significance of
defensive to offensive tactics,
sureness with which the French
against the enemy. . So far the
with the Italians delivering telling defensive blows.
Now, however, the French have turned the scale and the
enemy is attacked in this sector for the first time since he
reached the Piave.
The story of the fight shows
and heroic bravery in execution.
Monte Tomba, a low, snowless
where the Allied lines turn into
artillery preparation began Saturday, but the main bombard
ment began at noon Sunday
memy was deluged by the French fire,
It was then that the crack French
infantry swung forward in steady
lines from Osteria di Monfenera and
Maranzine, a front of about two
miles. The heaviest forces were on
the right wing. Italian and British
airmen at the same time attacked
the enemy from the air.
The struggle was comparatively
short and sharp with most of the
fighting on the right wing. The ar
tillery had so damaged the enemy
Padua, Italy, Jan. 1 (By the As-
sociated Press) The third successive
night aid raid Sunday night scattered
havoc among the -famous churches
and art monuments of Padua. The
front of the 16th century cathedral
was demolished.
The Santo, or the basilica, where St.
Anthony of Padua is buried, lost its
bronze doors and the sepulchre ot
St. Anthony was missed narrowly by
a bomb.
Donatello's famous equestrian
statue 'of Gen. Gattamalata, which
stands in the square before the
Santo, had been removed to a place
of safety.
The paintings and fresco in the
London, Jan. 1 The German na
val delegation In Petrograd, accord
ing to the correspondent of the Dally
Mail, has reached an agreement with
the Bolshevik! government for rais
ing the "blockade" of the White Sea
and for the regulation of maritime
commerce which is expected to be
gin with the impending arrival in R e
vel of ships with goods from' Ger
many. A dispatch to the Dally ExJ!
press from Petrograd says German
ships already have free access to Rus
sian waters and the government is
taking precautions to protect them
from British submarines. The first
commercial squadron is expected be
fore the Russian Christmas, on Jan. 7.
Dispatches from Petrograd refer
again to the subject of food shortage
which is steadily becoming more crit
ical. The correspondent of the Daily
News says the hotel in which he is
staying is piled with erates of provi
sions bearing Berlin stamps. He adds
that the German delegation, expecting
an immediate famine, brought its own
Berlin newspaper reports reeelved
In Amsterdam say Foreign Secretary
Von Kuehlmann while coming to Ber
lin from Brest Litovsk stopped In
Warsaw to eonfer with the Polish pre
mier The Polish government, it is
said, will shai in the future negotia
tions in Bres; Litovsk in an advisory
After beini elosed 10 days, during
-which time an inventerj of stock" was
to ban the TterBintrten Arms & Am
I munition Co.'b plant wilf .re-epen to-
morrow. - i
amount of miscellaneous war
the stroke is the change from
and the stirring enthusiasm and
delivered their initial blow
enemy has been on the offensive
thoroughness of preparation
The scene was southeast of
mountain just west of the Piave,
the mountain region. Here the
and increased hourly until the
positions that he was unable to make
any effective resistance. The French
losses were comparatively insignifi
Austrian soldiers made up the en
tire enemy force engageidi whidh is
taken to indicate that the German
contingents are moved farther west
toward the Brenta river. It also has
been established that no fofces are
moved away from this front and that
no new forces are brought here.
Santo by Titian and . other masters
were torn and scratched by the con
cussions. The rose windows and the
renaissance stained glass were shiv
ered to fragments. The building op
poste the Santo where the guild of
St. Anthony issued leafilets to be sent
throughout the world was destroyed.
A pilgrimage to the sepulchre of
St. Anthony was in progress when the
bombs struck the Santo. The cathe
dral was struck above the gable fa
cade, the entire gable and the upper
part of the facade falling in the
The raiders came at three different
times, at 8 and 11 o'clock at night
and at 3 o'clock this mornng.
Burns which are expected to prove
fatal were sustained by Mrs. Annie
Gwchasen, aged 62, of 53 White
street, at 8 o'clock this morning,
when a waterback burst in her kitchen
range, just after she had lighted a
fresh fire, and caused the stove to ex
plode. Flj-ing bits of Iron struck the
woman In the head and on the
inflletine nainful lacerations as well.
nnA cVifl Hasi 1ti arnnv ni-var in tho
Bridgeport hospital. Her entire body
ami tar-f am eiYo-ered with iImti hijma
the spreading flames having set fire
to her clothing.
Mrs. Gwohasen was removed to the
hospital by Dr. J. F. Keegan, of th
emergency hospital staff, after shs
had been given first-aid treatment. It
Is believed that tho water In the
heater inside the range was frozen,
and that the sudden expansion caus
ed by the application of heat brought
about the explosion.
The case Is the second of Its kind
to have occurred since yesterday
morning, Mrs. Joseph Larsen, of
Lordship Park, Stratford, being
another victim in the Bridgeport hos
pital. She Sa believed to have a frac
tured jaw, but will recover.
Resistance to Policeman Lynch,
who was trying to arrest him last
night on charges of breach of ths
peaes and irtoxication, brought a fins
of iJS and costs in the city court to
day ta John E. Johnson of 16 Nlohola
treat, Johnson ws fighting drunk
and put Bp a stiff battle,
The Woman's Page
Do you want to know about
clothes? Housewives, do
you want to obtain some use
ful hints? See Paige 8.
Nation Begins the New
Year With a National
Net Debt of $5,615,
000,000 Enormous
Cost of War is Reason
for Increase.
Washington, Jan. 1 The
United States enters the new
year with a national net debt
of $5,615,000,000, more than
five times greater than when it
entered the war nine months
agp, but only one-third of the
debt that promises to develop
by the first of next year. The
debt per capita is about $51
and the percentage of debt to
estimated national wealth is
The treasury financial summary
statement, issued today for the first
time since June 30, shows that SCtuarj:
disbursements during the first Jhalf of
the fiscal year have fallen-far below
the estimates, particularly for the mil
itary establishment. An enormous
prospective increase in war depart
ment expenses, for munitions and ma
terial contracts to be filled in the
spring, will raise the government out
lays at that time, but officials feel some
doubt whether ordinary disbursements
will reach the $12,316,000,000 esti
mated for the fiscal year ending next
June 30.
The actual outlay for the military
establishment up to Dec. 1 was $1,
811,000,000; the estimated outlay for
the whole fiscal year is $8,790,000,
000. The navy spent $426,000,000
and the estimate for the year is
$1,300,000,000. Shipping board ex
penditures were $118,000,000 while
the year's estimate is $901,000,000.
Each of these three principal depart- -ments
has outstanding contracts tot
be made within the remaining half
of the fiscal year, however, and the
aggregate of. these is the uncertain
element that makes it impossible to
determine at this time precisely how
many additional Liberty bonds must -
be issued between now and next
June 30.
Great as the national debt seems
to this country, whose debt before
the war was only a little more than
the billion dollar mark. It is only .
about one-fourth that of either Great
Britain or France or Russia or Ger
many. The debt of all of America's
co-belligerents is about $84,000,000.
000 or 14 per cent, of the estimated.,
wealth of those nations, and the Teu
tonic allies debt is about $40,000.- ;
000,000, or 28 per cent, of, their es
timated wealth.
. v , X..-'
Ilis neglect in falling to procure i
medical treatment when his feet froze
in the Intense cold of last Saturday
morning may now cost Andrew Ker- .
esztuny. of 14 Burr court, one tf the .
members. .
The sufferer is in a serious condi
tion in St. Vincents' hospital, having
been taken to that institution this
morning by Dr. J. F. Keegan, of the
emergency hospital staff. --One foot
leg, very badly affected, and wliiprob
rell' Wy have to be amputated to save tho
man's life.
j Keresztury is an employe of the
American Tube and Stamping com-
mv'- and viin the co,d attacked his .
foot, Sunday, he sought to relieve the
conamon wun name jemeuaes.
John Thomas, a lodger in the Grand
house. State street, also applied at the
emergency hospital, this morning, for
treament for frozen feet, and. after
being given relief, ws sent home.y-
Hls condition is painful but not serl-
ous. i
Foreclosure on property In New
Fairfield Is asked in a suit filed in the
Superior court by Anna Schappals of
New Fairfield and David Schappals of
New Tork against August C. Schap
pals of New Fairfield. May 26, 81,
the defendant owed the plaintiffs $2.
800 secured by a note and mortgage,
the agreement being that payments of
$100 annually should be made. The
payments for 1918 and 1917 have been,
dsfanlted and foreclosure and posses- :
jsion of the premises la.cllra4. -
v 1

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