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THOUSANDS LOSE POSITIONS REMINGTONS ARMS PLANT ; . W in The Weather Report New Haven, Jan. 3 For Bridgeport and vicinity: Pair tonight and warmer; Thurs day rising temperature, cloudy, probably snow. VOL. 54 NO. 2 Reported Abrupt End of Pacific Conference When Germans Insisted on Keeping Territory and Maintaining Armed Garrisons in Russian Ter ritory Red Guards Are Rushed to the Fron tier Bolsheviki Apparently Prepares to Fight Report Rumanians Are Shooting Bol sheviki Officers. London, Jan. 2 Peace negotiations in Brest Litovsk have heea broken off by the Bolsheviki government because of the German attitude in regard to Poland and Lithuania and the en emy's proposal that garrisons be retained in libau, Riga and elsewhere, according to a telegram from the Petrograd corre spondent of the Daily News appearing in a late edition today. TTie Daily News correspondent says further that consider able number of Red guards are sent to reinforce the front, and that other preparations for defense are made. The despatch emotes an from Hi Bolshevik newspaper Isvezta dismissing "the new phase In the peace necaMatianm." The article say that owinc to pleasure from below Che fl to ii i mi us taavw been obliged to soil their lip with the formula put forward by the Socialists at the be glnntnff of the wax. bat the German Imperta&sts would sot He Imperialists If they did sot try to take back In fax what with gritted teeth they yielded Jn words. The Rttsrtwi rerelirtloa eaimet ac cent their condition to retain Poland and Lithuania. Just you try It gen tlemen," says the ustia. This Is the line, the correspondent adds, that probably will be taken at a general meeting; tonight to consider the repert mt Une Rnsslan peaoe dele- The Blsntk fan, lie adds. Is a world revohstlofi of peaoe on their own terms which they think will dis credit the lmverjattsts generally. The correspondent continue: "And if in the lone; ran Russia is driven to conclude a separate peace en any ether terms, I prophesy that the Russian signatories to such a peace will not be Bolshevik, but mem bers ef eoxmsttion political parties." Negotiations for a general peace in Brest Utovak were adjourned Dee. 26 until Jan. 4. Since then in Brest Liltoralc and in Petrograd represents tires ef KjjsKta and the Central pow ers have been dlatrassrag Informally points to he settled in the event of a peace agreement bins; reached. I'WeUmaa Paviovitch. a non-Bolshevik member lot the Essia.n delegation t ffireet-Utwalc. according to an Ex change Tslearaoh Co. dispatch from Petrograd. says that the German at titude in ressjd to the freeing of oc cupied Russian territories depends on !the rekutionafaio of the Bolshevik gov ernment with the Ukraine and the OseaafeB, He adds that if the En tente allies refuse to negotiate a gen eral peaee Germanv will not eonsridej . iier declarations to the Bolsheviki binding, ' Germany's fundamental war aim, M Fafiovitch exMs, is to create an eco nomic anion stretching from Ham- -burg to the Persian gulf, giving Tur. key i and Bulgaria, with certain re strictions, the same position as that tioeupied ty Australia and Canada in their, economic relations with Great Britain, KILL RUSS OFFICERS London, Jan. 2 Cossack troops have occupied the town of Alexandrovsk without opposition and the Bolshevik parrison was disarmed, according to reports received here from Petrograd regarding the- civil war in Russia. It is not stated which Alexandrovsk was captured. There are several towns and villages in Russia named Alex androvsk but the nearest to the Coss ack territory are those in Ekaterinos la and in Stavropol, Tito Bolshevik authorities, accord ing to an Exchange Telegraph Co. dispatch from Petrograd, have receiv ed information that the situation on the Rumanian front is very serious. The relations of the Bolsheviki with Rumanian ofiicers are said to be be coming alarming. It is said that the Rumanians have occupied the Bessar nbian town of Iuevo and have ar rested and shot several Bolshevik leaders. A Petrograd dispatch to the Daily Express says that railroad trains are again running between Riga and Pe-trogra, : i I COLD CAUSE OF CLOSING 10 SCHOOLS Damage to the water and drainage systems cansed by the cold weather resulted In the closing of 18 Bridge port school, including the High school. Junior High school and two parochial schools today, thereby giving approxi mately 10,000 children an extended Yuletide vacation. The frozen pipes were discovered on Monday and in each cases plumb ers were called Immediately and have been working to get the systems In working order. At the High school the steam pipes all over the building were frozen and more than 1,500 pupils were turned away as they re turned to resume their studies after a 10 days vacation. Other schools closed were: Junior High school, Maplewood school, Jef ferson, Hall, Staples, Whtttler, Ellas Howe, St. Charles and St. Mary's. The damage in all Is serious except in the Staples school, which Js expected to be opened for sessions tomorrow. KEEP BETHEL SCHOOI;S CTjOSED Bethel, Jan. 2. The public seheols of this place will remain closed during the remainder of this week because of the severe cold, hermometers regis teered 18 degrees below zero early this morning and at one place outside the village a temperature of 29 degrees below was reported, making the morn ing the coldest of the week. TAX INCOME BESE1 BED WITH INOl) For the next few days C. F. Mitch ell, who is hereto collect the income tax, will do notlting but answer ques tions, and judging from the manner in which citizens were firing ques tions at him all today he will have a man's size job on his hands until he gets out the printed matter explain ing the hundred and one items about which the people want to know. From the moment Mitchell arrived in the Bridgeport Post Office from Hartford, he has been deluged with questions from both men and women who want to know everything from how much they will have to pay the government out of their pin mone or salaries to what is the best food for a year old baby. When the tax collector first arrived he was of the opinion that it would be rather plain sailing to start in with his work ofg arnering ths shek els for Uncle Sam, but he soon found there was so much missionary work to be done that ths mere fact of col lection was a trifle compared to an- ' swering questions and explaining wh BRIDGEPORT, EXPLODING METEOR SHAKES BUILDINGS OF CHATTANOOGA Chattanooga Tenn., Jan. 2 A terrific explosion shook this city early today. The sky was lighted for several seconds and it was fol lowed by loud reports that shook buildings. A meteor is thought to have cansed the phenomena. It is quite possible that the il lumination of the skies and the explosion near Chattanooga was a bi shooting star. Dr. G. P. Merrill of Washington, one of the head curators of the National Museum, said today that such shooting stars cause an Intense light in the heavens and as they come Into the earth's atmosphere 1 1 they make a loud noise somewhat I like thunder. ARMS L FF 25 1PLQ Two thousand five hundred men will be laid off at the Remington Arms Co. tonight on account of the failure of the Russian government to meet its obligation in this country. Notice to this effect was given by the company today. The statement of the company fol lows: The conditions in Russia are such that payment on contracts in process of execution in the United States are seriously curtailed. This is true with the contracts between this company and the former Russian government, and the situation has become so acute that a large reduction of daily output of Russstan rifles has become imper ative. It Is necessary at owe to discon tinue the night shift heretofore work ing upon Russian rifles and to dis miss such of the employes of this night shift as cannot be given em ployment on the day shift The night shift employes will! be paid in full at the employment office, between 5 and 8 p. m., Wednesday, Jan. 2, 1918. Those employes of the night shift who can be given employment on the day shift will And a card in their pay envelopes instructing them to apply at the emiployment office, January 3, between 8 i ni. and S 5. m. The company anticipates in the early spring using an even larger larger number of employes than are engaged at present, after the comple tion of the special tool equipment nec essary to the manufacture of supplies for the United States government i COLLECTOR the Income Tax. When asked what he theught of the situation he said "I ara more than sat isfied as soon as the people understand the law governing the paying of the tax everything will run smoothly, but at the present time I will be satisfied if they continue to ceme in to see me in the manner they have started. "I expect there will he a big busi ness dome in this city and just as soon as I can get my list of answers to questions published and distributed there will not be the slightest hitch in the proceedings. All citisens will have to pay a tax upon incomes of $1,009 or over for single men and on $2,000 orover for married men. What the exact amount Willi be is not given out at the present time, but will be pub lished later." -" Mr. Mitchell's office Is located on the second floor of the Post Office building, and is open at 9 o'clock each morning. He wants everyone t" come up and see him and ask him anything they maiy be in doubt about He will be only to glad to explain thf law and assist the people of Bridge port in any manner within his powei AYS 00 YEES RES and Evening Farmer COm., WEDNESDAY, JAN, 2, 1918 C j u Jill kJ lt JiO lTO r Ice 11 Inches Thick Holds Barges Fast and Ties Up All Traffic by Water Boat Crews Walk Into City From Sound. Ice has covered Bridgeport harbor so thoroughly that this morning it was a common sight to see folks either walking or sleighing , across the wide stretch between Pleasure Beach and High Run and the captains ef all tugs and barges lying in the basin walked into town as unconcernedly as though their boats were high and dry on the land. Captain Robert Baisden of the stake boat Pilot, walked to town this morn ing and reported! that his boat was held In eleven inches of ice. He gave little hope that matter! will be im proved in the- near futire and feels corafldent that he will Ibe able to walk to town every morning tor some time to come. 1 At the office of the Brllgeport Tow ing company, it was slated that it took their most powerful tugs more than an hour to smash a passajge through one-auarter of a mile of the ice and then the captains were taking a risk of having their bolts damaged. No hope was held out of any pros pect of coal arriving by water soon and the telephones of the Towing1 company were kept .busy with frantic appeals from manufacturing plants for fuel, (but the captains of the barges and tugs finding that it is Im possible to move their boats have all turned land lubbers ani many deep sea yarns are being spui around com fortable stoves ashore. The S. S. Naugatuck lad the great est difficulty in forciig a channel through the ice this morning and it is expected that the difficulty will in crease unless the weather moderates considerably. As she Is of no more beam than some of the larger tugs in this vicinity the passage which she breaks through the lea is not wide enough for barge traffic so that little if any advantage can lie taken of the narrow lane she makes through the frozen surface of the liarbor. Harbor Master iLamond Is busy making numerous lnsiiection trips to every section of the harfeor and is vainly looking for signs of a break up in the present condition. When seen this morning he said: "It is im possible to hope for a let up in the fuel situation under the present con ditions. Shipping is uaralyzed both in the Sound and Bridgeport harbor and it mav toe some considerable time before the normal activities of the port can lbe resumed." NEW REPUBLIC ON BLACK SEA Petrograd, Tuesday, Jan. 1 A new republic has been set up in the Black sea territory, with Novorossysk as the capital. A coalition cabinet, includ ing Constitutional Democrats, has been formed. Delegates from Ukraine to the con stituent assembly will arrive in Pet rograd tomorrow. Na effort was made to open the assembly today. Tchernomorsk, of the Black sea territory, is a district of Transcaucasia consisting of a long narrow strip on the coast of the Black sea and on the wests lope of the Caucasus. REED liECOVERUVG. Responding to careful treatment, the man who was overcome by drink ing hot whiskey in a saloon at Main and State streets, yesterday, regained consciousness and gave his name as Daniel Reed, of 80 Courtland street Reed's stomach was chilled before he took the whiskey, and the sudden hange rendered him unconscious. Dr. "3. C. Pasuth of the Emergency Hos ital staff, attended W first and then .ent him to the hospital ; where the nan's condition is today reported to e not serious. I v " . . A Factories Reopen Their Doors With Supply on Hand to Operate For About Two Days Urgent Appeals Made to Washington. Employing every conceiva ble plan to conserve fuel, all of Bridgeport's munition factor ies opened today, but measur ed each shovel full of coal as it was hurled into the gigantic furnaces, which play a most important part in supplying the United States with muni tions that are depended upon to pave the path to victory. Washington officials are Impressed with the seriousness of the Bridgeport situation, although no official state ments have toeen received. The manufacturers today, with the exception of a few, are on the brink of absolute famine, the only saviour (being the immediate suwolv of hun dreds- of tons of soft coal. This is ad mitted by the Manufacturers' asso ciation heads and Carl F. Siemon, chairman of the local fuel commit tee, who says, "The situation Is still as bad, if not worse, than ever. It is critical." Telegraph wires are hum ming with appeals from this city and in fact from every other town and city in New England. (All are awaiting relief. Many of Bridgeport's most important "manu factories are running with only three or four days' supply of fuel ahead. Thousands and thousands of skilled craftsmen are wondering at what mo ment their employment will cease. The fuel committee is extending it self to the limit in its endeavors to get relief and conserve the supply on hand. The committee plans for a rigid enforcement of the conservation regulations and commencing tomor row night the Bridgeport merchant failing to comply will be penalized by having his electricity supply shut off. Inspector Frank Fitzgerald, it is un derstood, has been instructed to turn off any electrical display sign or win dow display found burning tomorrow night, one of the "lightless nights' designated toy the government. The enforcement of the govern ment's orders relative to curtailing the hours of theatres, saloons, meet ing places and the closing of churches kwill be strictly followed and prompt (Continued on Page 2.) AGENTS OF U. S. HOLDING 25 FOR FIRE IN NORFOLK Norfolk. Va.. Jan. 2. Twenty-flve suspects were on the grill today in the investigation of the mysterious series of fires that yesterday did $2,- 000,000 damage in Norfolk and less damage in iNewpert News and Ports mouth nearby. A mass of ice covered ruins was surrounded today by sailors, marines and home guards artdi the city gave the appearance of being under mar tial law. While the local authorities seemed today to toe less of the opinion that the fires were part of a plot to destroy thee ity, or to distract attention from the governments' war plants on the water front while enemies might work destruction there, the department of Justice was active today and about 20 suspects were turned over to the gov ernment agents by the police court without hearing. Tuo women are among those de tained, and among the men is W. J. A. Brosvordt who is charged with havine made tdastoval remarks while the If onticello hotel was (burning. His room at another hotel was searched and jthere were found German papers, maps of Norfolk, and a book of Ger man memoirs with a picture of the kaiser in the fly leaf. Merchant Ship Building Speeded Up and Closer Co-Operation Given Allies, House Reports to Washington. Washington, Jan. 2 American troops are to be rushed to. Europe in as large and as constant a stream as is humanly pos sible; the Allied nations will so provide the necessary transportation; the merchant ship build ing program must be rushed; there is to be closer co-operation of all the co-belligerents to pcesent a single and united front to German autocracy; the part of the United States has been clearly defined and arrangements have been made to carry it out. Tkiuin awv II,. ?An1 wiM.K' no Ilia,, nffntvt V" tTIrf t V the recent inter-allied war council in Paris, annotreToiray,: y S for. the first time by the state Through a new inter-allied shipping resources arrangements have been made to devote "the greatest amount of tonnage possible for the transportation of American troops." A definite plan was formed American naval forces and an agreement was made with the British admiralty to effect certain plans for anti-submarine; warfare. . ALLIES TO POOL RESOURCES The contribution of the United States to a pooling of war ; resources was agreed upon. The arrangement guarantees full . equipment of every kind will be sent to Europe during 1918. Arrangements were made to have the United States parti cipate in military deliberations of a supreme war council "as a step toward efficient and centralized unity of control of mili tary operations." Plans also were worked out whereby, in order to permit the United States to visualize the problem of food control at home, Great Britain, France and Italy agreed to put in legalized and , compulsory control of foodstuffs in their countries. The extent of the military effort to be aimed at by the United States was clearly determined, and an Allied advisory board was created to advise each nation on allotments of ships, so as to permit the American military effort to be realized. Jt The principal recommendations of the American delegates, -headed by Col. E. M. House, as President Wilson's personal re- , presentative, are: "That the United States exert all their influence to secure v the entire unity of effort, military, naval and economic, be tween themselves and the countries associated with them in the war. "That the fighting forces of the United States be dispatcheii v to Europe with the least possible delay, incident to training and p equipment." JEW WAR BUREAU WILL COST THE CITY $13,000 DURING ITS FIRST YEAR The Bridgeport War Bureau, organ ized on a patriotio basis, requisitions the city of Bridgeport for a sum of $13,000, of whieh the bureau con templates handing out nearly 8,000 in salaries, for the maintenance of the bureau during the fiscal year starting April X The bureau itemise its requisitions as follows: Rent, $750; salaries, $3,640; furniture, $400; telephone, $84; stationery and postage, $500; incidentals, $826; committee on education, $2,500; food committee, salaries, $3,600; incident als, $800, Other requisitions totalling more than $3,000,008 were filed with the city auditor today. The sewer com mittee of the Common Council leads with a request for $1,099,100, The most important subjects are; West Side main interceptor sewer, $332, 964.45; north side interceptor, four sections, $39,214.46; Grand street, southwest outlet, $16,000; pumping station, $280,006; Bryant, Samoa and Hubbell street sewers, $1,I16. The streets and sidewalks commit tee asks for an apfdfiii&UeB Pf & The Woman's vPage Do you want to know about clothes? Housewives, do you want to obtain soma use ful bints? See Paso 8. PRICE TWO CENTS Program Will Have to Be arrange their shipping as to department. organization for co-ordinating for more active utilization of' available to all American forces 514, ,of which amount $408,909 is for" macadam and $114,805 for . grad- j ing. The registrars of voters ask for $11,359.50, an Increase of $4,000. . City hall committee requests $12,605, the claims committee, $18,500; Memorial Day committee, $2,400; city sealer of weights and measures, $4,- , 175, including- $1,000 fes new automo bile; city eourt, $24,409 and tax col lector, $15,613. The health department requitislona , for $341,007 to maintain that branch during the next year. Included In the ' total is $103,000 for the collection of ' ashes which was refused by the board . of apportionment last year. Other items are; General expenses, $85,-. 885, including $45,208 for salaries; slaughter house, $1,140; garbage col vey fund and culture stations, $1,- ' survey fund and culture stations, $1.- ; 800; medical '-'.nection and installa- ; tion of denial clinic in parochial scheels, $13,785; equipment for new! offices in Welfare building, $4,600ij equipment and maintenance of pre-, j posed Isolation hngciWU M- !