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The Bridgeport times and evening farmer. (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1918-1924, January 18, 1918, Image 10

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92051227/1918-01-18/ed-1/seq-10/

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Ex-Premier of Australia Deliyers Stirring Address Be
I fore National Security League at the Cooper Union In
New York Points Out What Australia Owes to the
United States Shows Labor's Interest In the "World
t War.
J Hba. Crwfoitl Vaiugban, ex-pre-
mer of Australia, said at the Na
r tkal Security League meeting at
Cooper Union last night, talking on
i fh topic, Hjabor's Interest in the
, Vitu":
t '"I M proud as a labor leader in
Australia to accept the Invitation of
' the government of the United States
i. to place before the American audi-
eoces a view of Australia's position in
the Tear.
"Our yoong democracy owes so
1 touch to this older democracy of
America that there has always existed
ttOng of fraternal affection for this
; rreat republic. We in the self-gov-
J anting dominions of the British Em-
Hire ow the right of governing our-
selves to the heroic struggles for free
.v 3bm made by Washington and the
valiant men of Valley Forge. Wash
; lngton buiMed better, than he knew
tar not only did he rather establish
the American republic on the endur
5 tag rock of principle, but he reshaped
" the destiny and the constitution of
the British Empire. The lesson of
Bunker H1U eealed In the minds of
. the British statesmen the ineradica
We impression that an empire could
;'(be BeM together on bonds of freedom
3 but never of force.
. - "The result, or rather the fruit of
'Washington's struggles for liberty
tiwas gathered when at the outbreak
' of war every part of the far-flung io
.,u minions of Britain rallied under the
;f Union Jack in phalanx that stands
J four-square to all the wintds that
v The centralizing policy against
wMch WashiiMrton fought is the policy
" : which the Kaiser would enforce upon
" .(.the world today. George the Third
4 owed his ideas, as he owed the bulk
j of his troops, to Hanover, Germany,
'nd this great country Is now asked
f'wheHier this principle for which their
forefathers struggled is worth main
' ' tabling at this hour.
' .-i "The German poHcy has at least the
.imerit of consistency, for Just as Fred
.Hck the Great tore up his treaty
fwtth Austria and said treaties were
mere fldlTigree, pretty to look upon,
.tBt to be broken when required, so
j William Hbhensollern tore up his
j treaty wkh Belgium as a mere scrap
'-i of paper and plunged, as Frederick
?da, a peaceful worW into a bloody
shambles. '
"Australia at the outbreak of hos
tilities was under no compulsion to
assist Britain and it was in the affec
i tlon which we owed to the gray old
" " J iut Hi J. Ian'-., the .Ncrth , Bea which
''brought us into' this titanic conflict
"and the fact that the integrity of Bel
iom was threatened by a brutal mil
itary autocracy.
- "Belgium's acceptance of the chal
lenge of the gang of German cut
throats saved civilization and saved
freedom for us and for you.
"We Australians felt that enjoying
. liberty as we did through the effort
1'of your forefathers, we owed it to
7 Belgium to draw the sword and stand
,' fcv her and not sheathe that sword
until she had been freed forever of
- Prussian militarism. Australia hart
relied no to the present upon the vol
untarv system which, while it works
' omfaia-lv and undemocratlcally, has
nevertheless enabled us to contribute
put of a population of Ave millions of
neoztle. X60.O0O men to the Cront up to
.June last These soldiers are the best
pafci in the firing Bne and Australia
reels that bin. Wo have contributed
ftve hundred million dollars to the
Ufoertoy IJoans and have raised many
' sums for the relief of Servians, Bel
gians, Kusstans and other distressed
victims of Potsdam brutality. But no
country which has been kept immune,
as has Australia from the worst and
most devastating- facts of war, can
. 'regard Ms contributions as adequate
when compared with the terrible con
krawrtlons which lands like France,
SBeigimn, ervia, noumama and Italy
Hmd Oest Britain have had to make
nil oraer tnat rne wona mignt ue maua
Ware for democracy,
"Germany, it most be remembered
eroed for world domination and
EWorld domination means domination
in the American and Australian con
tinents as much as in the continents
of Europe and Asia.
Her triumph would mean the tri
Bxph of the swaggering military
bully rattling his sword in his scab
.brd prepared to stand in shining ar
r tnor, prepared to extinguish, free gov
ernment from the face of the earth.
"Trades Unionists would fully ap
preciate the Justice of the call made
upon every patriotic citizen of this
republic, for trade unionism was
based upon the principle that no man
bad the right to receive the benefits
of united action unless he was pre
pared to accept its responsibilities.
The nation is after all, but the larger
union and no citizen of the nation
has a right to accept the benefits of
national citizenship unless he too ac
cepts its responsibilities.
- "In this war, the co-operation be
tween Uncle Sam's industrial army at
home and his military army abroad,
Is Just as essential as the co-opera,
tion between the artillery and infantry
at the front. The artillery goe
through carefully prepared wired en
tanglements of Germany so as to
make the bayonet charge possible and
effective. Uncle Sam's industrial
army in America will by its unity of
purpose cut these carefully prepared
entanglements ai home laid down by
the von Papens and von Bernstorffs,
"Ships today are as essential for
victory as bis guns and ammunition.
Without ships, firs million splendid
Americans cannot be transported or
supplied at the front. Ships are
needed to feed the hungry nations of
"Australia has food in abundance.
Its wheat harvest of two and a hall
years ago awaits transportation; a
quantity amounting, approximtely to
260,000,000 bushels or something be
tween five and six million tons. The
meat works of Australia, extensive
as they are, are filled to their full ca
pacity. If ships were available, there
might be no such need for meatless
days and wheatless days as America
has imposed upon herself in order
that she might send more food to the
'The man who drives a nail Into a
wooden ship is driving a nail into the
coffin of the kaiser.
The man who strikes the rivets
on the heads to fasten the boiler
plates on the side of a destroyer or
transport should regard himself as
not only striking a blow for liberty
but as hitting the kaiser on the head
at the same time.
"The man or women who produces
metals, clothing, food or in some
way helps to contribute his or her
share to the war is doing as much
as if he or she were turning a ma
chine gun on the enemy ranks.
We are in this war not because we
love war but because we want to make
peace secure for coming generations.
A premature peace now would in
volve a renewal of this conflict in a
deadlier and bloodier form in five or
ten years' time. Germany would
have learned the lesson of her mis
takes and would make sure of victory
and domination next time. The only
security for the world is not to trust
the word or bond of the kaiser be
cause he has been branded as an in
ternational defaulter but to take from
him his weapons of aggression and
to establish a united allied force that
should act as the police of the world.
"Mr. Lloyd-George has stated
clearly the irrevocable and irreduci-
People There Not Familiar
With Its Use "and Can
not Make It Into Bread.
Hartford, Jan. 17 In the course of
an interview recently with a magazine
writer, Connecticut's Federal Food
Administrator was asked: "Why not
ship corn to Europe and keep our i
wheat at home?" 1
"That question is constantly being '
asked," replied Mr. Scoville, who went
on to explain the various economic
elements, involved.
"First as to shipping, corn meal is
not a stable product it spoils easily
in shipping. Corn itself before
grinding will not solve the problem
as there are few mills in Europe for
grinding corn. Again, corn meal
and corn are less compact, and there
fore take more cargo space than
wheat flour. ,
Second, corn bread is a home pro
duct, and cannot be handled by bak
ers. To be liked it must be eaten
when freshly baked. Therefore,
America, where 60 per cent, of the
baking is done at home; can increase
consumption of corn bread; while
Europe, where practically all bread
is baked by bakers, cannot adopt the
American corn bread unless house
wives reconstruct their homes, for the
ovens for baking do not exist in the
average European home.
"Third, our allies are already using
a mixture of wheat flour with potato
rice, rye flour and some corn, bu.
this mixture cannot go beyond 25 per
cent, (or 50 per cent, at the outside)
and produce a good bakery product.
Corn flour as a further adulterant is,
therefore, neither necessary nor advis
able. "Fourth, still another reason for
shipping wheat instead of corn is to
supply the need of the American
troops in France. Military necessity
does not permit experiments. More
over, it is neither fair nor reasonable
to call upon people under the press
ure of war times, to make radical
changes in their eating habits.
"These reasons must be kept clear
ly before us, for an understanding of
facts means a complete co-operation
on the part of America," concluded
Mr. Scoville.
; Will- Germany Yield To
America's Peace Aims ?
"The key to the Temple of World Peace is in the hand of President Wilson," said Maximilian
Harden recently to an American correspondent in Germany and many people throughout the world think
that the key was fitted in the lock when the President restated America's war aims to Congress on
January 8th. . " ' - . ,
Taken together, remarks the Chicago Tribune, the statements of war aims hy Lloyd George and
President Wilson are "an unescapahle challenge to the Governments of the Central Powers and what
perhaps is much more important to the consciences of their peoples." The New Yorker Staats-Zeitnng
says that "Germany's spokesmen have been insistent that their opponents in the war state definitely
and 'concretely what "they are fighting for. It is now the Central Powers' move and they should be
equally willing to restate their war aims as unequivocally as the United States and Great Britain have
stated theirs." i
Throughout the length and breadth of America, the President's speech has been warmly applaud
ed and endorsed. In the capitals of the countries allied with America in the war its reception has been
no less cordial, as shown in the leading article in THE LITERARY DIGEST for January 19th. This
article covers four pages and gives the result of a searching examination of the newspaper press of the
world, including Germany, upon America's war aims as outlined in the President's message. Inci
dentally, the war terms of America, Britain, and Russia are shown in three parallel columns, so that
the reader can at once balance them.
Among other interesting articles in this number of the "Digest" are:
The Woman Sulfrage Victory in House of Representatives .
How the Result Is Looked Upon. By Editors Throughout the United States
The War on the War Department
The German-Bolsheviki Tiff
Do Drunkards Deserve Death? ,
The Staveless Barrel "
What Bolsheviki "Freedom" Means
Civilization and Insanity
Corn :Our National Food
, (Prepared by U. S. Food Administration)
How the German Destroys and Collects Art
Germany Reconsiders Rodin
The New Alinement of Religions '
The New Vision of the War
More Murderg in U. S. Than Ever Before
The Vatican and the Allies s
Germany Urges Sweden to Rob Russia
Junking 1,300 Miles of Railroad
Making Millions Out of Bubbles m
The Shop-Girl Up-To-Date
Financing the War
(Prepared by U. S. Bureau of Education)
England's "New Hope" Found in tWar Poetry
Secrets of the Dramatic Critics' Prison-House
Protestant Soldiers at Mass
News of Finance and Industry
In Exile Five Years They Plan
lo Drop Arms and Come
From Hiding.
Montevideo, tFtuigTiay, Jan. 18. (Cor
respondence of The Associated Press.)
I Thousands of revolutionists, mem
jbers of the Blanco party who have
hoon Tit'inc in vw-ila in Pm.fl pinna
ble minimum of the Allies. To lay (t ,,M.i i,..i m.n
iare expected to return from hiding as
a result of the approval of the new
j federal constitution (by referendum
vote of the nation taken on Novem
ber 25.
One of their leaders recently stated
down now would be to dishonor those
valiant dead who had laid down' their
lives in order that we should be free.
We have made such terrible sacrifices
to this great cause of freedom as we
cannot afford to accept anything else
than the complete extinction of the
German menace from the world.
"It is impossible to pursue our
that there were 12,000 Uruguayan rev
olutionists living along the Brazilian
peaceful avocations sucessfully with . j . , ,j '
. . , . been ready to take up arms anidi in-
one hand on a gun and the other on
a plow.
"It will be equally impossible to
solve those social problems which will
arise for solution after this war for
the world is to be burdened with the
enormous cost of always being prepar
ed for a renewal of this conflict. We
are lighting for a principle greater
than that of individual life and even
pf national Bfe. We are fighting fo
the principle expressed by the wooden
vade Uruguay at short notice. Their
leaders say the exiled rebels probably
will return to their homes in the toe
lief that the secret ibalKot provided for
in the new constitution will give them
representation in the government
which they have coveted for many
years and to attain which they have
undertaken previous revolutions.
The caches in which they have
buried their arms stretch along the
frontier from TJruguayana to Bio
Many Striking Illustrations, Including the Best Cartoons of the Week
How "The Digest" Helps Fight America's Battles
done, day by day, from Cape Cod to the Golden Gate, is
absolutely essential. THE LITERARY DIGEST, this
week and every week, tells you exactly this, without ex
aggerating successes or minimizing failures, and shows
you how YOU can help, where your part lies in the gen
eral plan of co-ordinating the nation's resources. Read
it today, as a patriotic duty. .
It is imperatively necessary that the American pub
lic, every man, woman, and child, in their several sta
tions, co-operate to the limit of their power in helping
along the great work to which this country has dedicated
itself the high task of making the world safe for dem
ocracy. To do this a clear understanding of our aims
and purposes and an intelligent grasp of what is being
January 19th Number on Sale To-day All News-dealers 10 Cents
jf 'TiaaV -m v JU 13 w . . --W M SAVE
joti LsSi jj ji
FUNK & WAGNALLS COMPANY (Publishers of the Famous NEW Standard Dictionary), NEW YORK
London, Jan. IS. German newspa
pers, in referring to the Anglo-Amer
ican measures against submarines.
cross of calvary against the iron cross Grani e do Sul where they were ready ,dicate that the employment of the
uDon which mankind is beinsr cnioi. I . . I
London, Jan. 18. A party of Amer
ican army officers who recently trav
elled from IFVance to London told the
embassy officials that the Germans
pursued them from the beginning- to
the end of their trip. They were
shelled on the morning of their de
parture from the front, were bombed,
in the afternoon travelling to the
boat, and bombed in the Channel port
of departure. Their Iboat across the
channel had a narrow escape from a
submarine and finally they arrived in
London shortly after an air-raid!
warning had been issued.
flor almost instant service Ibut it is be
lieved they will never be opened as
the revolutionary leaders assert that
the days of revolutions have passed
forever in Uruguay with the adoption
of the constitution.
For half a century the Blancos have
depth charge has been greatly in
creased and perfected since the Amer
ican destroyers arrived in European
waters. In the old days the destroyer
aws content to drop two or three
depth charges in the vicinity where
twirl nr. TwTt in the jrovernment of the Itlie submarine was last seen, ibut now,
republic because of the strict control 1 according to the German accounts, it
'which the Oolorados . have maintained ;is not unusual to And the destroyers
over the elections. The secret ballot ! persisting in the business of dropping
provided for in the new constitution i depth bombs until as many as 40 have
is considered to be a concession to
the Blancos whose leaders promised
to suport the other provisions if the
secret iballot was granted. V
One important clause of the new
constitution provides for the separa
tion of church and state. According"
to some political leaders the winning'
of the secret iballot will bring about
the dissolution of the Blanco party.
The body Is s highly organized
B8chme of complicated parte in which
the stomach, liver and the kidneys
work for the common good. Damage
to any one oi these organs interferes
with maa aa motor mechanism. If
yoa will clean the stomach, tiwt and
bowels occasionally with a gentle laxa
tive yoo can keep weU. Too much foe!
in man's machine, each as eating too
much meat, or alcohol or tea, nervane
overwork and tack oi exercise in out
door air bring constipation and bad
beaith. Eat less meat, ptenty " Tege-
(Br Da. L W. SHORT.) t
tables, and with air and good exer
cise yon need little else. If the liver
needs rousing and most of us need
this once a week take a safe vegeta
ble extract of the leaves of aloe, May
apple, root of jalap made into a tiny
sugar-coated pill, sold by almost
every druggist as Dr. Pierce's Pleas
ant FeSets and first pnt up nearly
fifty years ago. In vials, 25 ots.
Most people die eventually of an
over-acid condition. If the blood can
be rendered more alkaline, the longer
we live. With regular hours, 6 to 8
glasses of water between meals, sen-,
sible coarse food and a chance to get
the poieoms out of the system, a man
will five to be a hundred. But, un
fortunately, oar highly nervous way
of living brings increased storage of
nric acid in t&e body. This acts as
a poison, and consequently we suffer
from headaahee, neuralgia, lumbago,
aches or pains, zbeamatism, gout.
Get rid of this drie acid poison by
taking a harwteBB medicine called
Aiunc, wfaieh throws out tbe nric
acid by rtHrmlting &e kidneys.
Drink a pint of not water before
meals and take An arte (doable
strength), after meafe and at bed
time. Anoxic can be obtained at
almost any drag store for 80 cW., or
send 10 cts. to DrV Pierce, Invalids'
Hotel, Buffalo, S. "fc-for trial pkg.
The Harmony Lodge Charity Bal!
onmTnittee is very pleased .to an
nounce that signs seem to indicate , stroyers left the convoy, followed) the
that this annual event, reu. ii)io j.o,
been exploded, thus covering a large
area where the submarine is likely to
be hiding.
The Germans admit that this is a
very unpleasant business for the op
oralnrs of the ll-boats. Thus the
"Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung'
contains the following account, of the
experiences of a U-boat man in the
water patrolled by the American de
stroyers: "One of our submarines shot a
heavily-laden steamer of 5,000 tons
out of. a convoy. A violent enemy
ermntr-atta.fk followed. The de-
The festival of St Jeter's Chair,
celebrated with great solemnity and
splendor in St. Peter's, Rome, on each
18th day of January, had its origin
in the eleventh century possibly even
before that time. The chair, old
plain and wOrm-eaten, on which St.
Peter is said to have been pontificated,
is enshrined by a magnificent throne.
not be viewed even by the Pope him
self, and it is declared that it has
only once been profaned by the in
spection of mortal eyes. The Vene
tians at one time claimed, to possess
the. chair of St Peter, but it was dis
covered about a century ago that this
supposedly sacred article bore the
minute inscription: "There is but one
God, and Mahomet is his prophet."
It is supposed that this chair, bearing
the Mohammedan declaration of faith
was brought back from the East by
the Crusaders. The festival of St.
Peter's Chair is Intended as an ex-
The throne stands at the extremity
of the great nave behind the altar pression of gratitude for the founding
of St. Peter s. The chair itself can- of the papacy.
Amsterdam, Jan.. 18 The ravages
of the new hunger disease, called in
Germany "famine-dropsy," are de
scribed in the Budapest newspaper
Nepszava. Men are attacked by it
chiefly between the ages of 4 Oand .50
and unless the patient can be given
plenty of nourishment, the disease is
very likely to prove fatal. In the
small town of Asch 900 cases have
been reported, three per cent of
which have already proved fatal.
will be a huge success. The returns
from members and friends have been
coming in, and many generous con
tributions have been made for this
charitable purpose.
The United States war Board for
the city of Bridgeport nas investi
gated theC harity Ball, and has writ
ten to its chairman, Abraham Schnee,
that they have approved or the giv
ing of the Charity Ball This .War
Board has been organized ror tne
purpose of preventing the giving of
unworthy affairs and a constant so
licitation of business people in tlfis
city for useless and private purposes.
The money derived from the Charity
Ball-is not -devoted to war purposes
nor is Jt going into any war fund for
war relief. . The funds ' derived are
going solely for the relief of deserving
Indigents in Bridgeport. '
Supplemental war appropriations of
$185,000,000, of which 15O,OO0,0O0 is far
barracks and quarters, were submith-
ted to Congress.
submarine, and in the course of a few.
minutes dropped 39 water oomus
around the spot where the U-iboat
was supposed to tie submerged. Luck
ily they failed to hit her, and our
U-iboat escaped unscathed.. .
"The same submarine was previ
ously followed by two airplanes from
midday until.evening and pelted with
23 -bomns. but escaped."
The same newspaper contains an
account of a submarine cruiser which
had a narrow escape from destruc
tion in the explosion of a munition
ship which she torpevioed from too
ctose a range. The steamer, runs the
account, blew up "with a terrific de
tonation, wrapped in a column cf
flame, and the next second the flames
disappeared, and the steamer was
gone." .
The force of the explosion upset the
submarine's steering apparatus and
did other damage, but the crew finally
succeeded in effecting repairs so that
the Uaboat reached pon.
Son rises
Sun seta
High water
Moon sets -
. 7:16 a. m.
..i 4:52 'p. m.
.... S:05 p. m.
.. 11:25 p. m.
" A strike of the minority members!
of the Peruvian Senate, eaused two j
special sessions of Congress to expire t
without .action because or maoiiuy xo
obtain a quorum. ' "
l0mmmX ur Standards
rtl 'i-5iLi-trT Rigorous as the old j
O-'i Thwu i Puritan standards is . 1
JfSdm'l (VJlL'I the inspection through ;
.UOft.0 aAZXj which every one of . jl '
fV" ' - ll our hams must go be
fl Xn )J 'iK r fore it is passed for the jl
Q I i'4 ir if'Ci Puritan brand.
.m MZ3l "That is why only
Y riSZS?sJ'; f one ham in ten is con-
r:s:r- sidered good enough to
VS I t l fr Puritan. I
"Slifc-O? ygL Mi The Taste Telk" ' j
vS sssa," If your deafer doesn't Uofle Puritan idephone jl
V . ? 1 c. K. SHUTE, Mgr., 508-510 Water St., IS '
: ' Va jSJW Bridgeport, Conn, II
' . ' V ..... s"Z&f-m phone Bari 5425-5426-5427
' i : - 7'r-'" 135 Pnritan Hams and Bacon are j
I '"7 smoked daily in onr Bridgeport Jl
-e? V7 Branch Honse, insuring .fresh. 11! I
JUJfc. K . OW11

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