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THE TIMES : JANUARY 19, 1918
- THE BRIDGEPORT, TIMES ; " and Evening Farmer. , y (FOUNDED 17M.) , ' Published by The Farmer Publishing Co, 179 Fairfield Aye., Bridgeport, Conn. DAILY .. 60c mu:ith, $6.00 per year WEEKLY.. $1.00 per year In advance PHONE BUSINESS OFFICE Barnum 1208 L- a FOREIGN REPRESENTATIVES Bryant. Griffith & Brunson. New. York. Boston and Chicago MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the nse for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. Entered at Post Office, Bridgeport, Connecticut, as second class matter. SATURDAY, JANUARY 19, 1918. T1IE CLOSING ORDER HE CLOSING order so extraordinarily drastic in its na- 1. ture, is appreciated this as a War measure of the severest quality. That many thou sands are unemployed, is now a pave the appreciation of the fact, instead of its anticipation. One good result at' least should flow from this discipline which the president has described as absolutely necessary. Every man who uses railroads of doing his share to keep things of thousands of individual neglects that constitutes a large por tion of the railroad problem. "Why should not Bridgeport, delivery and truckage, co-operate cials to keep terminals clear, so after? The storage of freight in promptly, things now frequently with easily if the local transportation was unified under some sort of common direction, through any of a dozen well under stood forms of prh'ate co-operation. LLOYD GEORGE TO LABOR Tp HE ADDRESS of Lloyd George to Union Labor is in that JL tone of perfect frankness in which all his war speech es are couched. He discusses a problem that has not had a large existence in America. At the beginning of the war, Brit ish unions were not in sympathy with the country. They lay hack in the traces, and ft was difficult to carry on industry. But, gradually British labor was brought to see that it had a stake in the country which ought not to be sacrificed to a Ger man hegemony. British labor will take the same lot and part in actual ser vice that falls upon other British citizens. In the United States the question has not arisen. The un ions of Bridgeport hang from the windows of the trade halls service flags that show many stars. They have volunteered in proportion to their numbers, and the draft takes them as it does others, excepting that there are more exemptions for industrial reasons among them perhaps, than among other classes. INSURING DYING SOLDIERS IT WAS PROPER to extend insurance to a dying soldier, as the Commander of a Gamp did to Private Henry. Private insurance is a commercial transaction, conducted for profit. It would be unjust to the insured and to the stockholders of the private company to insure dying men. But the object of soldier insurance is. to replace pensions. The amount for which the soldier is insured is to compensate his survivors. The right of a stfldier to be insured in the gov ernment fund does not cease because he is sick; rather, it in creases, and this will remain true during the period in which the government keeps its offer open. The boy who goes to camp and dies of pneumonia has giv en his life to his country just ascertainly as if he had been killed by a German bullet. GOAL REPORTS FROM widely separated parts of the country show that coal immediately began to move. In some places the movement increased from two to three hundred per cent. In others the increase was no more than fifty per cent. If such improvement continues the railroads will be well clear ed up and everybody will have a fair start RUMANIAN PEASANTS STARVING TO DEATH HOLD FAITH IN ARMY'S BILITY TO RESTORE THEIR HOMES Jassy, Rumania, Jan. 17 (Cor respondence of the Associated Press) Extreme poverty and suffering ex ist among refugees and peasants in thel ittle mountain villages that are bo numerous just back of the Rumanian-German battle line. In a large number of cases the refugees are without shoes and without shelter of any kind, many of them being, com pelled to live in the fields and to en dure the exposure of the prevailing cold nights. Often their clothing con sists only of. a few thin ragged cotton ' garments that give scarcely any warmth to their wasted bodies. Their situation is rendered the more pre carious by the fact that the districts in which they are living are subject to frequent artllery fire and to bomb ing by airplanes. Those who are fortunate enough to have ven the poor comfort of shel ' terin the shattered adobe houses that remain standing are in almost ""every 'instance living under condi tions of the most -yretched misery. Forced suddenly by th exigencies of - the military situation to abandon their former homes, they have found - even severer hardships awaiting them ' in the desolated districts to which they have fled; for in these small vil lages there Is neither anything t sus tain life nor that medical care which often would save life. All doctors are needed on the front, and these unfor tunate people, who might otherwise be useful factors to society if prop erly cared for, are left either to strug gle alone with the ravages of famine and disease or to die of starvation. In soma villages the refugees and peasants receive bread twice a week; In others none at al. It is truel that of tu scant supply of corn meal Is ob arounnable by application to government ins in teles, but this slender staple for PHONE EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT Barnum 1287 morning in its true character fact and not a theory. People or burns coal will feel the need moving. It is the hundreds business men organize, unify with the local railroad offi that things will move here cars, failure to remove freight, necessary, could be done away MOVING every meal is not calculated to give strength and sustenance to people al ready reduced to the last extremity of aestitution by the loss of their ma terial belongings and the financial support usually given them by hus bands or sons or brothers now serv ing their country. In two instances refugees were nhservpfl niririn, i v. fields a kind of wild grass, which they eat, out wnicn in America we would think only of feeding to cattle. The most pathetic case of suffering and want was witnessed in the little village of Soltiu, in the District of Putna. In a squalid shack of wood and mud were three little children nn the point of exhaustion for lack of pitoper care and food. Thev wer orphans. The mother had latelv fliort of typhus, which has blighted nearly the whole of Rumania; the father was serving at the front, and a little girl of 10 was acting as mother to two tiny tots of 4 and 7. The young ist child was lying helpless on a bag on a stone floor, a tragic spectacle of famine and disease. A second case, which was only typical of numberless others, was ob served In a dflapidated house no larger than the ordinary' American bedroom. There was no glass in the windows. The roof was full of holes. Elsewhere in the house the open spaces were stuffed with rags. Here there were 10 persons crowded to gether under conditions of squalor and misery, rags and tattered patch quilts formed the only coverings on the makeshift beds One of the Inmates was an elderly woman who had recently lost her hus band, but whose pride It was to have three sons serving In the army. For this solemn contribution to the cause of her country, however, she had not even the small reward, from her gov- FIRST SHOOK PASS COUNTRY FIIIOS Exemptions of Munitions Plants Make Decision of Gar field Less Drastic Than It Appeared Wednesday President Back Plan Unqualifiedly. Washington, Jan. 19 Although ' much of the confusion attending the enforcement of the fuel administra tion's five day closing order continued today, it was evident that its applica tion would be far less drastic than first believed. A list of interpretations in specific cases which probably will be given general application was being pre pared by Fuel officials from which minor exemptions may result to sup plement .special rulings made yester day. In addition it was announced that food administrators may be ex pected to make further exemptions in the case of food producing plants and related industries. Food Administra tor Hoover yesterday interpreted the closing order to mean that no check would be put on the manufacturing of distributing of any essential food product. Considerable relief was expressed by officials here when it was learned that most of the plants engaged in government war contracts had been exempted. This list, prepared by Secretaries Baker and Daniels, in cludes manufacturers of gas masks, explosjves, machine guns, rifles small arms and ammunition, forging, electrical supplies and tool steel for the government destroyers and des troyer parts, air craft and air craft parts, signal corps eflwipment, steel tubing, locomotives, ship equipment, woolens for uniforms, tenting and optical supplies. Ship yards were not named in or ders but will continue to operate un der special ruling, as will virtually all ore-producing mines. There will be no more general exemptions, it was anT nounced, except; over the signatures of Secretaries Baker and Daniels. Lib eral interpretations however, will be given to rules applying to raw ma terial. Backed bv .vigorous defense of the president, wno yesterday gave his full support to the closing order as im perative to release coal to move sup plies to the American army and the Allies, Dr. Garfield today gave his at tention today to the situation in At- ernment of a decent existence. She had no food beyond a few handsful of cornmeal. She was a spectre of famine. Her face was drawn and pinched and her countenance so In expressibly sad that it told its own silent tale of the terrible hardships she and her nine companions in the house were enduring. One of her children, a helpless mite of three, lay under the clay stove, in which there was a feeble fire, slowly succumbing to pellagra. The other nine occupants, most of them chil dren, werep athetic figures of poverty and misery. There probably are thousands of cases equally as extreme or even worse. The observer could easily see, with this tragic picture before him, why typhus had taken such a terrible toll of life last winter. The houses visited were in most cases dirty and unsanitary and offered the most fer tile breednig places for vermin. The occupants were so terribly impover ished that their feeble bodies could scarcely be expected to withstand the invasion of even the mildest of di seases. In these villages, which often are only a short distance from the area where military activity is greatest, and which are subjected almost daily to shell fire by the Germans, one would think that the inhabitants, fol lowing the instinct of self-preserva tion, would go to places at least free from the terrors of actual warfare; but with a hope, borne of confidence in the bravery of the Rumanian army and its ability to drive back the Ger mans, these simple, guileless peasants continue to linger in the danger sones, believing that soon -the Ger man army will be forced to withdraw and that the population will be able to return to their deserted homes On theo ther hand, there are some who realize the great Jeopardy in which they are placing themselves by staying within the range of enemy guns, and they have wisely aband oned their homes for places at least removed from thei imminence of air plane bombardment and shell fire. In these cases it is a sight deeply im pressive to the American observer to see the poor but sagacious peasant burying in the cold earth his spare clothes or the household articles which he treasures most, In order that they may not fall into the hands of the invading Germans and that he may recover them when the enemy is driven out. AUTO COLLISION CAUSES 2 SUITS AGAINST MIRO Harry Wartikoff and Fannie Wartl koff of New York are the complain ants in two suits filed today in the common pleas court in which damages aggregating $1,600 are asked from Dominick Miro of Fairfield as the re sult of an automobile collision Novem ber 4 last at Cotruiecticut and Central avenues. Wartikoff complains he had a new automobile valued at $1,200 and it was so Injured in the smash that he had to spend $287 for repairs, that its value was lessened $200, and he also had to pay out a consierable sum for use of another machine while his own was being repaired. He blames the accident upon Miro, saying he Was driving recklessly at the time. He wants $600. In the crash when the two cars came together Fannie Wartikoff was thrown out, was bruised and sprained so she was ill for a considerable time, paid a large sum for medical services. She asks for damages of $1,000. ASKS $130 DAMAGES. Christopher Augat of Milford, has brought suit in the Superior Court against Johanna Tetmeyer of Bridge port, to collect the face of a note for $150 made December 8, 1917. Damages of $150 are claimed. FEUL ERABLE TOL lantic ports. Fuel Administration agents have been sent to seaboard points and will remain there until all ships held up are bunkered. Imme diate improvement in the situation expected and more than 1,000,000 tons of shipping detained will be on its way in a short time. Confronted by President Wilson's statement that the order was issued with his full knowledge and approval and by another explanation from Dr. Garfield declaring that the railroad congestion is threatening the food supply, vigorous opposition in congress apparently has spent its force. On instructions from Director Gen eral McAdoo to co-operate with the fuel administration, railroad officials set about directing coal shipments to the preferred class of shipping inter ests, householders, hospitals, public utilities and others who the order does not affect. Suggestions that a railroad embargo be placed on shipment of goods from factories shut down was overruled by the director general. Few violations have been noted by fuel officials and these, it was be lieved, were due to misunderstand ings. In some cases even state fuel administrators have not understood the order. Dr. Garfield said it would be easy for plants to evade instruc tions, but he believed there would few such cases. He intimated, however, that violations would be dealt with vigorously under the food law and the coal supplies of offending plants would be cut off. The government's desire that plants affected by the order pay their em ployes wages during the closed per iod was emphasized today in the fol lowing telegram to state administra tors, signed by Dr .Garfield: "Will you kindly give public ex pression of my appreciation of the public spirited and patriotic action of employers in the state who may de termine to pay the wages of their em ployes during the suspension period specified in the regulation of Jan. 17. They are bearing their share of the sacrifice which we are all called up on to make to the common good." SUES HUNGARIAN SOCIETY; WANTS INSURANCE SUM Alleging that the society has refused to pay the amount of an insurance policy upon yie life of her husband, Marie Rauscher Barkoczy of New York, has filed a suit against the Ra koczi Hungarian Sick Benefit associa tion of Bridgeport in the superior court, claiming damages of $1,000. airs. Barkoczy claims her husband Istan Barkoczy, became a member of the society March 21, 1916, and was insured dby the ciety. He taied July 21, 1917, and she made demand for the amount of the policy, but was refused by the society, no reason being al leged. She claims there is due $750 with interest from the date of her husband's death. B. A. HOYT SUED. Collection of two bills for goods furnished is demanded in a suit filed In the Superior Court by Cluett, Pea body & Co., of New York against B. A. Hoyt of Bridgeport. One bill calls for a balance of $196.78, and the other, a claim assigned by B. and J. Burgheimer of New York is for $200.54. Damages of $500 are claim ed. IS GRANTED DIVORCE. Angelo Carfi of this city, was yes terday granted a divorce from Ange lina Carfi of New York, upon allega tions of infidelity. . , Unnaturalized natives of Alsace Lorraine may obtain protection of the French government. BAD GOLD? TAKE "CASCARETS" FOR BOWELSTONICHT They're fine ! Liven your liv er and bowels and clear your head. 1 No headache, sour stomach, bad cold or constipation by morning. Get a 10-cent box now. Colds whether in the head or any part of the body are quickly over cqme by urging the liver to action and keeping the bowels free of poison. Take Cascarets tonight and you will wake up with a clear head and your cold will be gone. Cascarets work while you sleep; they cleanse and reg ulate the stomach, remove the sour, undigested food and foul gases; take the excess bile from the liver and carry off the constipated waste mat ter and poison from the bowels. Remember the quickest way to get rid of colds is one or two Cascarets at night to cleanse thes ystem. Get a 10-cent box at any drug store. Don't forget the children. They relish this Candy Cathartic and it is often all that is needed to drive a cold from their little svstems. Adv. Can't Find Dandruff Every, bit of dandruff disappears after one or two applications of Dan derine rubbed well into the scalp with the finger tips. Get a small- bottle of Danderine" at any drug store and save your hair. After a few applica tions you can't find a particle of dan druff or any falling hair, and the scalp- will never Itch. Adv, . Late Books about the war RUSS ASSEMBLY OPENING SIGNAL FOR MORE RIOTS Political Groups Clash. In Streets of Petrograd Dur ing Convention. , Petrograd, Jan. 19 (By the Asso ciated Press) The constituent as sembly opened its first session at 4 p. m. yesterday in the Tauride palace with President Sverdloft of the cen tral executive committee of the con gress of workmen's and soldiers' del egates presiding. A proposal to have the oldest dele gate, who was a Social Revolutionist preside, was howled down. M. Sverd loff read a declaration from the con gress of workmen's and soldiers" dele gates demanding that the constituent assembly approve Bolshevik laws concerning peace and land. This was applauded loudly by the Bolshevik delegates and hooted by the right and Socialists. Delegates belonging to the Constitutional Democratic party were absent from the opening session. The threatened demonstrations against Bolshevik control of the opening session were confined to parades of small groups of men and women. These groups word compos ed of well dressed persons, except in one instance where there was a larger number of soldiers and peasants. At a corner near the American em bassy this group was fired an and dispersed by the Red guard. Five persons were killed and a dozen were wounded. For the most part, however, the streets were quiet throughout the morning and afternoon, Ibeing- under a heavy patrol of Bolshevik troops. The constituent assemlbly, accord ing to a proclamation issued toy the revolutionary government last March, "will issue fundamental laws, guaranteeing- the country the immutable rights of equality and liberty." Fail ure to Issue a call for elections to tha assembly was one of the causes con tributing to the downfall of the Ker ensky government. The Bolshevik government Issued a call for election soon after the success of the revolt of last November. The elections were completed early in. December. An attempt to open the assembly was made on Dec. 12, but no progress was made. The results of the elec tions were unfavorable to the Bol sheviki element, the Social Revolu tionists, of which party, former Pre mier Kerensky, is a member, gaining the greatest number of delegates. A number of Constitutional Democratic delegates to the assembly were ar rested early in December by the Bol sheviki, , wh have been reported to be using various measures to gain control of the assembly, even going as far as to call special elections to re place opponents to their ideas. A dispatch to the London Dally News from Petrograd on Jan. 15 said that it seemed probable then that the assembly would contain a majority against the Bolsheviki. On the pre vious day the Social Revolutionists bad issued a manifesto denouncing the Bolsheviki as usurpers. The Con stitutional Democratic party was for merly one of the strongest Jn Russia, Its leader being Paul Millukoff; for mer foreign minister. Most at the shops were closed, .shutters and bars being' up. Egfg&lkhsz! 1&5T The House of Read obeys immediately and cheer fully the mandates of the Government. We set about learning our lessons of war without loss of courage or faith. We are of America, and must -win in this mighty task, or else we are unworthy of those who founded the Great Republic. -. : The store will be closed on Monday all day. Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday closed at five o'clock. Saturday closed at six o'clock War Saving Stamps on Sale This is not a time for fault finding or complaining. What we give, what we do must be - accomplished quickly and willingly. On Tuesday the Read House will offer attractive values in several departments, "preparatory to the annual taking account of stock Broken assortment of Whiter Goats Suits and Dresses Millinery, an assortment of hats, containing models for all-the-year at economical prices Footwear Shoes and Slippers Blankets Comfortables and Linens Valentines which are novel RftPrORPB. SMITH FAIRFIELD AVE. VARIETY STORE BROAD ST. nn nP'F'RATTVTil -CAR fare for customers WWjjnail v i-i pKOFTT SHARING WITH EMPLOYES EHJ5 sea COUPON GOOD TUESDAY, JAN. 22 Any of our best yard wide Cretonnes. Regu lar prices 18, 25 and 29c. With Coupon Tuesday 15c The Tauride palace, in which the delegates to the assembly began to assemble early in the morning, was under a very heavy guard. Difficul ties In registration and part dissen sions delayed the opening of the as sembly, which had been set for noon, for four hours. London, Jan. 19 A collision be tween Bolsheviki and members of the Society for the Defense of the Consti tuent Assembly, who were marching toward the Tauride palace occurred about noon Friday, according to a Pe trograd dispatch to Pveuters. Ban ners and flags demanding that the as sembly be called were pulled down and torn. Machine gun and rifle fire broke out from all sides. M. Logvinoff, a member of the ex ecutive committee of the congress of workmen's and soldiers' delegates, and several others were killed. Many were wounded, including several women. RED CROSS ASKS FOR AMBULANCE DRIVERS ABROAD The Red Cross wants ambulance drivers, mechanics and chauffeurs for service abroad. Word to this effect has been re ceived at the headquarters of Bridge port chapter, but all applications, or inquiries for information as to this service should be directed to the Red Cross Foreign Transportation Depart ment, Recruiting Service, 44 East 23rd street. New York. The manager of this department is J. Leo Skelley. While no detailed information ac companies the announcement that men are wanted, it goes without say ing that men who are liable to the draft cannot be accepted in the Red Cross service. ASKS SEPARATION. Fred P. Smith of Bridgeport, has filed in the Superior Court an action for divorce from Mabel D. Smith of Rochester, N. T., alleging desertion. They were married in Hoboken, N. X, July 25. 1905, and the desertion oc curred in December of 1911. SEEKS JUDGMENT. Suit to recover the amount of judg ment granted in the municipal court of New York city has been filed in the Superior Court by William Cohen of New York against Robert Levirte of Bridgoport. The amonnt of the Judg ment was J 287.20, and damages of 4 tea axe, claimed. Watch for Monday's news This is just to clean up these splendid cretonnes before inventory, to save measuring them. The store will be closed Monday in accordance with the Government's order. ITHARY SARAH E. FRENCH. Sarah E. French, a nurse for many years in this city, died yesterday at 1153 Park avenue. She was the widow of David F. French and re sided in Long Hill for a number of years. LYDIA DAVIS. The funeral of Lydia S. Davis was held this afternoon at 3.30 o'clock fiOm the mortuary chapel of Henry E. Bishop, 274 Fairfield aveoe. Rev. Gerald H. Beard, pastor of the Park, Street Congregational church, offi ciated. The body was sent to Bidde- ford, Me. JACOB BORSTLEMAN. Funeral services for Jacob Borstle man were held this afternoon at 2 o'clock at the family residence, 386 Ridgefield avenue. Rev. Mr. Clemens and Rev. M. Walters, both of this city, conducted the services. Many relatives and friends attended. St. John's lodge, A. F. and A. M., of Stratford, exemplified their ritual at the home. There was a wealth of floral tributes. Burial was in Lake view cemetery. HEADACHE DOSING IS UNNECESSARY, Sloan's Liniment does away with internal treatments. That splitting, crazing, shooting pain in the head, if of neuralgic origin, succumbs to the first application of Sloan's Liniment. It creates a counter-irritation that starts the blood pulsing normally and soothes and comforts In its prompt relief. Apply without rubbing for it pene trates for rheumatic twinges, sore, stiff muscles and Joints, .sprains, strains, pains, sciatica, and bruises. Clean, don't stain the skin. Generous sizes bottles at all druggists.