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m The Weather Report For Bridgeport and vicin ity: Fair tonight; Thursday fair, somewhat warmer; mod erate west winds, becomine variable- . VOL. 54 NO. 20 EST. 1790 III r Millie Iw m LI ; : ' n ft! B"B" 11 ' mma MiAIH " PKOCUHE PEACE Siemon Reports That He Has a List of Small Fac tories Which Resumed Operations Today That Will Have to Close Within 48 Hours Unless Fuel Arrives. The wheels of Bridgeport's industrial life, after fire days of suspension revolved again today, and 40,0000 men returned to their labors in plants. How long they will work is prob lematical. Fuel Administrator Siemon stated today that owing to the soft coal famine, many officials of factories have told him they mast suspend operations in 48 hours unless fuel ar rives. Scarcity of anthracite coal still exists and although the na tion generally is reported to have received great benefits from the five day suspension ruling, Bridgeport is as bad, if not worse off, than previous to the issuance of the order by Fuel Administrator Garfield. Local attempts to get fuel have proved an utter failure. The street peddlers, because of their alleged misdealings, have been shut off entirely by the fuel committee and a substitute plan is announced by Administrator Siemon. The bins of at least 15,000 Bridge port families are bared to' the floors) and a score or more of factories are j threatened with involuntary closing. The city's supply was saved from abso lute exhaustion only by the arrival of four barges of soft coal, one barge load of anthracite today, and three carloads of bituminous, the latter ar riving yesterday afternoon. Mobs of coal seekers are storming every coal yard in the city and will rot be turned away until the bare bins are shown to them. Several hundred were turned away from the fuel com mittee's office this morning, but more than 200 were accommodated with or ders for quarter tons. Administrator Siemon announced today the commit tee would be able to distribute more than 50 tons tomorrow because the new coal arrivals will be handled by three or four dealers. The city industries, with the excep tion of 18 exempted plants, closed for five days by the fuel administration's order for the conservation of coal, re opened today and 40,000 workers re turned to their places. An improve ment in the general situation is re ported from other parts of the coun try, but locally the conditions are such that it is problematical how long these 40,000 workmen will be kept employed. The five-days' shut down resulted Jn the delivery of approximately 125 tons of bituminous coal in this city. This came over the rails yesterday and while hundreds of other trains of coal (Continued on Page 2.) DESERTER FROM ARMY GLAD TO SURRENDERSELF Declaring that every time he saw a. policeman's uniform he almost got heart failure and lived the life of a hunted animal since he deserted from the United States army last October, John Ragalia, of S33 Spruce street, Bridgeport, gave himself up to the police and was today sent to Fort Jay, Governor's Island, to stand trial on the charge of desertion before a court martial. Ragalbt has been working as a trolleyfcar conductor for the past sev eral months, but he saw so many policemen both on the street and on his car that life was one continuous nervous spell for him. Every time a policeman boarded his car he started with fear thinking that he was com ing to get him. He used to walk blocks out of his way to avoid the bluecoats, and finally unable to stand thes train any longer he went to po lice headquarters and surrendered. He was held for the federal au thorities and as soon as his case was looked lip the police were notified that provision had been made to send the man to Governor's Island to stand trial before a military tribunal . ' 1 " , , BUILD CONCRETE SHIPS FOR USE AT THIS HARBOR In the early spring a line of con crete coal barges will be put in opera tion between Bridgeport and New York, according to a statement made today by Harbor Master Lamond, and the first boat of the line to be com pleted has already arrived in New York in connection with the Motor Boat Show. From descriptions fur nished the barges will have a capacity of nearly a thousand tons of coal and will be equipped with power. The barge now in New Yorlc wa built in the incredibly short time of three weeks, with but a few men working on hef construction but this is by no means the limit as to speed, as after the moulds have been made it is but a very short job to build them in batches and the only time consumed is the waiting for the con crete to set. There is quite a controversy going on among local shipping men as to the ability of steel and concrete it is asserted that they will be sturdier than either wooden or steel boats. It has not been stated definitely how many barges will be in the new service, but it is expected that there will be at least twenty of the new type of vessel, and already there talk of erecting a plant in Bridgeport for the purpose of constructing this type of vessel not alone for the local traffic but to supply 'the constantly increasing demand for concrete con struction which is springing up all over this country and Europe. ENGINEER FALLS THROUGH SHAFT; BREAKS HIS HIP Percy H. Best, an engineer, 41 years and residing at 35 Joseph street, this city, was removed to Bridgeport hos pital this morning suffering from in juries inflicted by falling down an ele vator shaft at the plant of the Acme Shear Co., where he is employed. Dr. Keegan, who answered the call from the Emergency hospital, found upon, arriving at the scene of the ac cident that Best was suffering from a fractured hip, although he had fallen but a distance of "10 feet. ROOSEYKLT RECEIVES Washington. Jan. 23. Col. Roose velt received calls from congressional friends today at the home of his son- in-law. Representative Longworth of 'Ohio, where he is making a four-day visit, but otherwise he spent the day quietly. Mr. Roosevelt did not go to the capitoL v i and BRIDGEPORT, London, Jan. 23 By the sinking of two steamers by the enemy in the Mediter ranean about three Aveeks ago 718 lives were lost, it was announced officially today. The announcement was made in the house of com mons by Thomas J. MacNa ihara, financial secretary of the admiralty. Mr. MacNamara's an nouncement gave the first news received here of any heavy loss of life in recent sinkings in the Mediter ranean. ONE BARGE SUN UT SIX ARRIVE SAFE WITH COAL Another coal barge laden with S00 tons of coal consigned to Bridgeport went to Davey Jones' Locker last night when the barge Charles Mulford, be ing towed by the tug George McCaf fery, succumbed to the battering of the heavy ice and foundered off the Stepping Stone Light. This, how ever, did not discourage the shipping men as six barges of coal were report ed in Bridgeport early this morning, and there is a likelihood of more be ing on its way here. Tugboat crews have been busy for the last few days trying to improve the armor on the boats plying around the harbor or along the Sound, for the ice while it has been broken up in spots is piled many feet high and tears copper plating and rivets off the hulls as though they were made of paper. THREE AMERICAN INFANTRYMEN ARE KILLED IN ACTION Washington. .Jan. 23. General Per shing reported today three American infantrymen killed in action on Jan. 21. He gave no details of the engage ment. . The dead were: Private Albert Cook, nearest friend, 1 Delbert Coots, West Almond, N. Y. Private Harry V. Garman, Catawba, Va. . Private Leo B. Radi, Cleveland, O. These are the first reports of men killed in action In more than two months. In the opinion of army of ficers here the appearance of "killed in action" in the reports does not nec essarily mean that American battal ions have returned to front line trenches for further training after an absence of some wee:ts, but that is the interpretation generally placed on the news. SPENDS $37,000,000 DAILY London, Jan. 23 Andrew Bonar Law. chancellor of the exchequer, announced today in the house of com- Lmons that the daily average of na- tional expenditures during the seven I weeks ending Jan. 19 was ,7.517,000 tjounda. , ' TEUTONS 2 VESSELS Evening Farmer CONN., WEDNESDAY, "Must Battle on," Says President of British Workingmen's Party, Citing Germany's Ad hesion to Militaristic Plans. Nottingham, Eng., Jan. 23 At the opening today of the annual labor conference Frank Purdy, the president, said that if Germany would not accept the terms President Wilson, Premier Lloyd-George and the Labor party had laid down as the minimum, "we must fight on." President Purdy said that in view of the declarations of President Wilson and Premier Lloyd-George, Germany could claim no longer that .she was fighting a defensive war. "We see no signs yet," he added, "that Germany and her allies are willing to accept the principles enunciated by Mr. Lloyd-George, Mr. Wilson and the Labor party." Mr. Purdy said peace by negotiation while Germany was occupying terri tory of other countries would be a victory for Germany. The conference is larger m point of membership than its predecessors. It attended by 800 delegates repre senting nearly 2,500 members of trade unions. The atmosphere was some what electrical, as it realized that the issues to be raised would have far reaching effect on the future of the party. The climax was expected to be reached on a vote as to whether the labor members would be called upon to leave the cabinet. "Peace, when it comes, must be a general peace, a just peace, a lasting peace that will secure liberty and freedom for all nations, great and small; a peace based on the will of the people," said Mr. Purdy. "It must be a peace in which labor, nationally and internationally, must play its part in order to obtain full and fair consideration of its claims. "We appreciate the lofty ideals which induced the United States to join the Allies," he said. Whatever might be the view of the labor representatives as to the effect the Russian revolution had exerted on the course of the war. he said, they welcomed it heartily because it had released the Russian people from thralldom. He continued: (Continued from Page 3.) Flagrant violations of the requests of ,the food administration are daily occurring in the same restaurants of this city, according to D. Fairchild Wheeler, local food administrator, and unless these violations cease very shortly measures will be taken to force delinquents to recognize the food order. In a few cases in this city res taurant proprietors are rigidly adher ing to the requests of the administra tion. Meatless Tuesday, wheatless Wednesday and porkless Saturday are observed and the managers of these places report that as soon as their customers are' informed of the reason for the inconvenience they readily co-operate with - the move ment and e'xpress satisfaction with- 1 the adherence to the food rules. ' There" are, however, many other 1 restaurants and lunch rooms in mis JAN. 23, 1918 McAdoo Bans Every Except Food, thing Fuel and War Muni tions on Three Big Lines, to Get Coal Into New England. Washington, Jan. 23 An embargo on all freight except food, fuel and war munitions on the Pennsylvania lines east of Pittsburgh, Baltimore & Ohio east of the Ohio river, and the Philadelphia & Reading was authorized today by Director General McAdoo. The action was taken on the recommendation of A. H. Smith, assistant director general in charge of transportation in the east. jo action was taken on the recommendation submitted last night by Fuel Administra tor Garfield. The-mbareo is temporary and is to continue enly a few days. "On account of the extremely se vere weather which has particularly affected operation of railroads cross ing the Allegheny mountains," said the railroad administration announcement, "Director General McAdoo. on the recommendation of Regional Director Smith, has authorized him to place an embargo on all freight except food, fuel and such war munitions and war supplies as are specifically approved by the war department, on the Penn sylvania lines east of Pittsburgh, the Baltimore & Ohio east of the Ohio river, and the Philadelphia & Read ing, for the purpose of enabling those lines, which are the heaviest bitumin ous coal carriers, to continue special izing on coal for the double puroose of supplying the acute conditions in New England and the harbor of New York and elsewhere and in the pro vision of empty cars for mines and coke ovens. "This embargo is a temporary one. It should last only a few days if the weather moderates." A threatened serious coal shortage in New York also is said to have has tened the decision. Many industries, it was expected, would continue to op erate on part time as a result of the embargo order today. This will tend to. save coal further for domestic use and bunkering of ships. Diversion of coal shipments to the preferred list of consumers, including householders, ships and strictly war industries, fuel administrations say, has improved the coal situation ma terially. --" city, also boarding houses, at the present time doing as great a busi ness as the average hotel, where the requests for' the conservation of food, are merely ridiculed, both verbally and in practice. The food administrator feels that the actions of such people are very unfair to the restaurant proprietor who is willing and anxious to comply with the conditions necessary to foo; conservation. The first suggestion of the local administrator is that pat rons of restaurants not observing the food rules call the attention of the proprietor-to the non-compliance, then refuse to order anything which is served in violation of the request. Wheeler feels that after the un patriotic proprietor has , suffered loss through failure to dispose of eertain varieties of food that he will readily enter the field. Inspired Newspapers of Kaiser Criticise Affairs of i Dual Monarchy Fuel Shortage Acute as Slav Transportation Fails Eggs Only for Children. Death by starvation and freezing threatens the popu lation of all northern Russia, and the desire for peace ex pressed by Austria has created turmoil in Grermany, ac cording to today's war dispatches from Europe. Austria's desire for peace has resulted in 14 meetings of a pacific nature being held in Cologne and the Pan-German press, which never speaks without the authorization of the mili tary powers is condemning the principal ally of-.the Kaiser. Democratic nationalism the surface and strike after fomented as a result. Petrograd, Jan. 23 All of northern Russia is in a critical condition because of lack of food and fuel. Starvation and freezing threaten the popula tion. The collapse of the transpor tation situation, the idleness of hundreds of thousands, and the closing of the banks contribute to the situation. In Moscow the allowance of bread has been cut to a quarter of a pound a day. Eggs have been restricted toi children under three years of age, and each child may have only four eggs a month. Eggs, however, are impossible to get at any price. A complete suspension of passenger trains has been tried in an effort to speed up food transportation from Si beria and from southern Russia. This has been greatly interfered with, however, by wandering companies of soldiers, who insist that their trains have preference over freight. Every train coming into Moscow and Petro grad is crowded with soldiers. Bank withdrawals are limited to 5 0 roubles a day for each depositor. Long lines stand constantly at the banks, because of the delays in cashing the checks. Agents of the Bolsheviki have opened safe deposit boxes and confiscated hoardings of gold and sil ver and turned hoarded paper money into the current bank accounts of the owners. . The situation is desperate, but the populace has been quiet so far. LICE SUPPLY 100 FAIL! Owing to the snowfall and the in ability to obtain fuel at any price, police headquarters was today deluged with applicants for cordwood, and in the neighborhood of one hundred or ders were issued. It was announced that ten orders were issued for coal by the Department of Charities this morning, and this latter will be de livered early this afternoon. There was no excitement or any case of acute distress brought to. the notice of the police, but the people who appealed for wood orders were in the main people who could' well afford to pay for fuel if they could procure it. The police worked smooth ly and efficiently and it is expected that ail the orders will be filled today. In the Department of Charities it was said that the ten orders issued for a quarter of a ton of coal each, were cases where the families on the books of the department had run out of the last consignment, and the sud den rise in the number of applications was - in no way connected with the falling1 temperature. The Want Columns Classified advertising in this newspaper is effective, r.o matter what you may de sire to advertise. Try It once and see. PRICE. TWO CENTS is reported fast springing to strike is reported to have been London, Jan. 23 The peace agitation in Austria-Hungary is receiving a great .rousing in Germany. The Socialist news paper Yorwaerts of Berlin em phatically declares the solidar ity of the German proletariat with Austrian labor in. the peace struggle and maintains that events in the dual mon archy must have a deep reac- tion in Germany. "We have been walking on" the edge of a precipice in the last few days," it says, and goes on to demand that the German government resolutely take its place by' the side of its Aus trian ally. "As the fruit of Pan-German prop aganda," it continues, "we are men aced not only with the wrecking of the peace negotiations with Russia but also with complete political iso lation. This danger can be averted only if the German government de cares itself in agreement with For eign Minister Czernih's declaration (respecting adherence to the princi ples of no annexation and no indemni-.. ties) and draws therefrom practical conclusions, which must be drawn "honestly. If the government acts otherwise, the consequence would be that, while Austria-Hungary and Russia enter lasting relations of friendship, Germany will remain ex cluded therefrom and we shall lose our last neighbor and friend." Among the newspapers of a differ ent complexion there are indications (Continued on Page 6.) In answer to an urgent call for help frowi the barge Blue Beard anchored in Bridgeport harbor, Dr. Frank E. Gavlas, entered a futile race with death from the emergency hospital to the foot of Henry street, and then over the frozen surface of the harbor for the distance of a mile at 2 o'clock this morning. Upon arriving on board the craft he found John Harris, 30 years of age, a bargeman from 83 Fulton street, dead from pulmonary hemmorhage. Owing to the darkness and the bit". ter cold Dr. Gavlas. ran considerable risk in making the trip from the shore o the anchored vessel. With the aid of a pocket flashlight he was able to avoid fisun-s which had opened up in the ice, but unfortunately arrived too late to prolong the life of the stricken man, who it is said has been ailing for some time and was laying unattended In his bunk on ttoa RAMPS nFATU IN 5 iiJBRrs!!--fm riifrn ' iiukh vif !iit-K fjfln V tf hit ,uuu FROZEN HARBOR I Y.