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The Bridgeport times and evening farmer. (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1918-1924, January 23, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92051227/1918-01-23/ed-1/seq-1/

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SEVEN
m
The Weather Report
For Bridgeport and vicin
ity: Fair tonight; Thursday
fair, somewhat warmer; mod
erate west winds, becomine
variable- .
VOL. 54 NO. 20 EST. 1790
III r Millie Iw m LI ; :
' n ft! B"B" 11 ' mma MiAIH " PKOCUHE PEACE
Siemon Reports That He Has a List of Small Fac
tories Which Resumed Operations Today
That Will Have to Close Within 48
Hours Unless Fuel Arrives.
The wheels of Bridgeport's industrial life, after fire days
of suspension revolved again today, and 40,0000 men returned
to their labors in plants. How long they will work is prob
lematical. Fuel Administrator Siemon stated today that owing
to the soft coal famine, many officials of factories have told
him they mast suspend operations in 48 hours unless fuel ar
rives. Scarcity of anthracite coal still exists and although the na
tion generally is reported to have received great benefits from
the five day suspension ruling, Bridgeport is as bad, if not
worse off, than previous to the issuance of the order by Fuel
Administrator Garfield.
Local attempts to get fuel have proved an utter failure. The
street peddlers, because of their alleged misdealings, have been
shut off entirely by the fuel committee and a substitute plan
is announced by Administrator Siemon.
The bins of at least 15,000 Bridge
port families are bared to' the floors)
and a score or more of factories are j
threatened with involuntary closing.
The city's supply was saved from abso
lute exhaustion only by the arrival of
four barges of soft coal, one barge
load of anthracite today, and three
carloads of bituminous, the latter ar
riving yesterday afternoon.
Mobs of coal seekers are storming
every coal yard in the city and will
rot be turned away until the bare bins
are shown to them. Several hundred
were turned away from the fuel com
mittee's office this morning, but more
than 200 were accommodated with or
ders for quarter tons. Administrator
Siemon announced today the commit
tee would be able to distribute more
than 50 tons tomorrow because the
new coal arrivals will be handled by
three or four dealers.
The city industries, with the excep
tion of 18 exempted plants, closed for
five days by the fuel administration's
order for the conservation of coal, re
opened today and 40,000 workers re
turned to their places. An improve
ment in the general situation is re
ported from other parts of the coun
try, but locally the conditions are such
that it is problematical how long
these 40,000 workmen will be kept
employed.
The five-days' shut down resulted
Jn the delivery of approximately 125
tons of bituminous coal in this city.
This came over the rails yesterday and
while hundreds of other trains of coal
(Continued on Page 2.)
DESERTER FROM
ARMY GLAD TO
SURRENDERSELF
Declaring that every time he saw
a. policeman's uniform he almost got
heart failure and lived the life of a
hunted animal since he deserted from
the United States army last October,
John Ragalia, of S33 Spruce street,
Bridgeport, gave himself up to the
police and was today sent to Fort Jay,
Governor's Island, to stand trial on
the charge of desertion before a court
martial.
Ragalbt has been working as a
trolleyfcar conductor for the past sev
eral months, but he saw so many
policemen both on the street and on
his car that life was one continuous
nervous spell for him. Every time a
policeman boarded his car he started
with fear thinking that he was com
ing to get him. He used to walk
blocks out of his way to avoid the
bluecoats, and finally unable to stand
thes train any longer he went to po
lice headquarters and surrendered.
He was held for the federal au
thorities and as soon as his case was
looked lip the police were notified
that provision had been made to send
the man to Governor's Island to stand
trial before a military tribunal
. ' 1 " , ,
BUILD CONCRETE
SHIPS FOR USE
AT THIS HARBOR
In the early spring a line of con
crete coal barges will be put in opera
tion between Bridgeport and New
York, according to a statement made
today by Harbor Master Lamond, and
the first boat of the line to be com
pleted has already arrived in New
York in connection with the Motor
Boat Show. From descriptions fur
nished the barges will have a capacity
of nearly a thousand tons of coal and
will be equipped with power.
The barge now in New Yorlc wa
built in the incredibly short time of
three weeks, with but a few men
working on hef construction but this
is by no means the limit as to speed,
as after the moulds have been made
it is but a very short job to build
them in batches and the only time
consumed is the waiting for the con
crete to set.
There is quite a controversy going
on among local shipping men as to
the ability of steel and concrete it is
asserted that they will be sturdier than
either wooden or steel boats.
It has not been stated definitely
how many barges will be in the new
service, but it is expected that there
will be at least twenty of the new
type of vessel, and already there
talk of erecting a plant in Bridgeport
for the purpose of constructing this
type of vessel not alone for the local
traffic but to supply 'the constantly
increasing demand for concrete con
struction which is springing up all
over this country and Europe.
ENGINEER FALLS
THROUGH SHAFT;
BREAKS HIS HIP
Percy H. Best, an engineer, 41 years
and residing at 35 Joseph street, this
city, was removed to Bridgeport hos
pital this morning suffering from in
juries inflicted by falling down an ele
vator shaft at the plant of the Acme
Shear Co., where he is employed.
Dr. Keegan, who answered the call
from the Emergency hospital, found
upon, arriving at the scene of the ac
cident that Best was suffering from a
fractured hip, although he had fallen
but a distance of "10 feet.
ROOSEYKLT RECEIVES
Washington. Jan. 23. Col. Roose
velt received calls from congressional
friends today at the home of his son-
in-law. Representative Longworth of
'Ohio, where he is making a four-day
visit, but otherwise he spent the day
quietly. Mr. Roosevelt did not go to
the capitoL v i
and
BRIDGEPORT,
London, Jan. 23 By the
sinking of two steamers by
the enemy in the Mediter
ranean about three Aveeks
ago 718 lives were lost, it
was announced officially
today.
The announcement was
made in the house of com
mons by Thomas J. MacNa
ihara, financial secretary
of the admiralty.
Mr. MacNamara's an
nouncement gave the first
news received here of any
heavy loss of life in recent
sinkings in the Mediter
ranean. ONE BARGE SUN
UT SIX ARRIVE
SAFE WITH COAL
Another coal barge laden with S00
tons of coal consigned to Bridgeport
went to Davey Jones' Locker last night
when the barge Charles Mulford, be
ing towed by the tug George McCaf
fery, succumbed to the battering of
the heavy ice and foundered off the
Stepping Stone Light. This, how
ever, did not discourage the shipping
men as six barges of coal were report
ed in Bridgeport early this morning,
and there is a likelihood of more be
ing on its way here.
Tugboat crews have been busy for
the last few days trying to improve
the armor on the boats plying around
the harbor or along the Sound, for
the ice while it has been broken up in
spots is piled many feet high and
tears copper plating and rivets off the
hulls as though they were made of
paper.
THREE AMERICAN
INFANTRYMEN ARE
KILLED IN ACTION
Washington. .Jan. 23. General Per
shing reported today three American
infantrymen killed in action on Jan.
21. He gave no details of the engage
ment. .
The dead were:
Private Albert Cook, nearest friend, 1
Delbert Coots, West Almond, N. Y.
Private Harry V. Garman, Catawba,
Va. .
Private Leo B. Radi, Cleveland, O.
These are the first reports of men
killed in action In more than two
months. In the opinion of army of
ficers here the appearance of "killed
in action" in the reports does not nec
essarily mean that American battal
ions have returned to front line
trenches for further training after an
absence of some wee:ts, but that is
the interpretation generally placed on
the news.
SPENDS $37,000,000 DAILY
London, Jan. 23 Andrew Bonar
Law. chancellor of the exchequer,
announced today in the house of com-
Lmons that the daily average of na-
tional expenditures during the seven
I weeks ending Jan. 19 was ,7.517,000
tjounda. , '
TEUTONS
2 VESSELS
Evening Farmer
CONN., WEDNESDAY,
"Must Battle on," Says
President of British
Workingmen's Party,
Citing Germany's Ad
hesion to Militaristic
Plans.
Nottingham, Eng., Jan. 23
At the opening today of the
annual labor conference Frank
Purdy, the president, said that
if Germany would not accept
the terms President Wilson,
Premier Lloyd-George and the
Labor party had laid down as
the minimum, "we must fight
on."
President Purdy said that in
view of the declarations of
President Wilson and Premier
Lloyd-George, Germany could
claim no longer that .she was
fighting a defensive war.
"We see no signs yet," he
added, "that Germany and her
allies are willing to accept the
principles enunciated by Mr.
Lloyd-George, Mr. Wilson and
the Labor party."
Mr. Purdy said peace by negotiation
while Germany was occupying terri
tory of other countries would be a
victory for Germany.
The conference is larger m point of
membership than its predecessors. It
attended by 800 delegates repre
senting nearly 2,500 members of trade
unions. The atmosphere was some
what electrical, as it realized that the
issues to be raised would have far
reaching effect on the future of the
party. The climax was expected to
be reached on a vote as to whether
the labor members would be called
upon to leave the cabinet.
"Peace, when it comes, must be a
general peace, a just peace, a lasting
peace that will secure liberty and
freedom for all nations, great and
small; a peace based on the will of
the people," said Mr. Purdy. "It must
be a peace in which labor, nationally
and internationally, must play its
part in order to obtain full and fair
consideration of its claims.
"We appreciate the lofty ideals
which induced the United States to
join the Allies," he said.
Whatever might be the view of the
labor representatives as to the effect
the Russian revolution had exerted
on the course of the war. he said,
they welcomed it heartily because it
had released the Russian people from
thralldom. He continued:
(Continued from Page 3.)
Flagrant violations of the requests
of ,the food administration are daily
occurring in the same restaurants of
this city, according to D. Fairchild
Wheeler, local food administrator, and
unless these violations cease very
shortly measures will be taken to
force delinquents to recognize the
food order.
In a few cases in this city res
taurant proprietors are rigidly adher
ing to the requests of the administra
tion. Meatless Tuesday, wheatless
Wednesday and porkless Saturday
are observed and the managers of
these places report that as soon as
their customers are' informed of the
reason for the inconvenience they
readily co-operate with - the move
ment and e'xpress satisfaction with-
1 the adherence to the food rules.
' There" are, however, many other
1 restaurants and lunch rooms in mis
JAN. 23, 1918
McAdoo
Bans Every
Except Food,
thing
Fuel and War Muni
tions on Three Big
Lines, to Get Coal Into
New England.
Washington, Jan. 23 An
embargo on all freight except
food, fuel and war munitions
on the Pennsylvania lines east
of Pittsburgh, Baltimore &
Ohio east of the Ohio river, and
the Philadelphia & Reading was
authorized today by Director
General McAdoo.
The action was taken on the
recommendation of A. H. Smith,
assistant director general in
charge of transportation in the
east. jo action was taken on
the recommendation submitted
last night by Fuel Administra
tor Garfield. The-mbareo is
temporary and is to continue
enly a few days.
"On account of the extremely se
vere weather which has particularly
affected operation of railroads cross
ing the Allegheny mountains," said the
railroad administration announcement,
"Director General McAdoo. on the
recommendation of Regional Director
Smith, has authorized him to place an
embargo on all freight except food,
fuel and such war munitions and war
supplies as are specifically approved
by the war department, on the Penn
sylvania lines east of Pittsburgh, the
Baltimore & Ohio east of the Ohio
river, and the Philadelphia & Read
ing, for the purpose of enabling those
lines, which are the heaviest bitumin
ous coal carriers, to continue special
izing on coal for the double puroose
of supplying the acute conditions in
New England and the harbor of New
York and elsewhere and in the pro
vision of empty cars for mines and
coke ovens.
"This embargo is a temporary one.
It should last only a few days if the
weather moderates."
A threatened serious coal shortage
in New York also is said to have has
tened the decision. Many industries,
it was expected, would continue to op
erate on part time as a result of the
embargo order today. This will tend
to. save coal further for domestic use
and bunkering of ships.
Diversion of coal shipments to the
preferred list of consumers, including
householders, ships and strictly war
industries, fuel administrations say,
has improved the coal situation ma
terially. --"
city, also boarding houses, at the
present time doing as great a busi
ness as the average hotel, where the
requests for' the conservation of food,
are merely ridiculed, both verbally
and in practice.
The food administrator feels that
the actions of such people are very
unfair to the restaurant proprietor
who is willing and anxious to comply
with the conditions necessary to foo;
conservation. The first suggestion of
the local administrator is that pat
rons of restaurants not observing the
food rules call the attention of the
proprietor-to the non-compliance, then
refuse to order anything which is
served in violation of the request.
Wheeler feels that after the un
patriotic proprietor has , suffered loss
through failure to dispose of eertain
varieties of food that he will readily
enter the field.
Inspired Newspapers of Kaiser Criticise Affairs of i
Dual Monarchy Fuel Shortage Acute as
Slav Transportation Fails Eggs
Only for Children.
Death by starvation and freezing threatens the popu
lation of all northern Russia, and the desire for peace ex
pressed by Austria has created turmoil in Grermany, ac
cording to today's war dispatches from Europe. Austria's
desire for peace has resulted in 14 meetings of a pacific
nature being held in Cologne and the Pan-German press,
which never speaks without the authorization of the mili
tary powers is condemning the principal ally of-.the
Kaiser.
Democratic nationalism
the surface and strike after
fomented as a result.
Petrograd, Jan. 23 All of
northern Russia is in a critical
condition because of lack of
food and fuel. Starvation and
freezing threaten the popula
tion. The collapse of the transpor
tation situation, the idleness of
hundreds of thousands, and the
closing of the banks contribute
to the situation. In Moscow
the allowance of bread has
been cut to a quarter of a
pound a day. Eggs have been
restricted toi children under
three years of age, and each
child may have only four eggs
a month. Eggs, however, are
impossible to get at any price.
A complete suspension of passenger
trains has been tried in an effort to
speed up food transportation from Si
beria and from southern Russia. This
has been greatly interfered with,
however, by wandering companies of
soldiers, who insist that their trains
have preference over freight. Every
train coming into Moscow and Petro
grad is crowded with soldiers.
Bank withdrawals are limited to 5 0
roubles a day for each depositor. Long
lines stand constantly at the banks,
because of the delays in cashing the
checks. Agents of the Bolsheviki
have opened safe deposit boxes and
confiscated hoardings of gold and sil
ver and turned hoarded paper money
into the current bank accounts of the
owners.
. The situation is desperate, but the
populace has been quiet so far.
LICE SUPPLY
100 FAIL!
Owing to the snowfall and the in
ability to obtain fuel at any price,
police headquarters was today deluged
with applicants for cordwood, and in
the neighborhood of one hundred or
ders were issued. It was announced
that ten orders were issued for coal
by the Department of Charities this
morning, and this latter will be de
livered early this afternoon.
There was no excitement or any
case of acute distress brought to. the
notice of the police, but the people
who appealed for wood orders were
in the main people who could' well
afford to pay for fuel if they could
procure it. The police worked smooth
ly and efficiently and it is expected
that ail the orders will be filled today.
In the Department of Charities it
was said that the ten orders issued
for a quarter of a ton of coal each,
were cases where the families on the
books of the department had run out
of the last consignment, and the sud
den rise in the number of applications
was - in no way connected with the
falling1 temperature.
The Want Columns
Classified advertising in
this newspaper is effective,
r.o matter what you may de
sire to advertise. Try It once
and see.
PRICE. TWO CENTS
is reported fast springing to
strike is reported to have been
London, Jan. 23 The peace
agitation in Austria-Hungary is
receiving a great .rousing in
Germany. The Socialist news
paper Yorwaerts of Berlin em
phatically declares the solidar
ity of the German proletariat
with Austrian labor in. the
peace struggle and maintains
that events in the dual mon
archy must have a deep reac-
tion in Germany.
"We have been walking on"
the edge of a precipice in the
last few days," it says, and goes
on to demand that the German
government resolutely take its
place by' the side of its Aus
trian ally.
"As the fruit of Pan-German prop
aganda," it continues, "we are men
aced not only with the wrecking of
the peace negotiations with Russia
but also with complete political iso
lation. This danger can be averted
only if the German government de
cares itself in agreement with For
eign Minister Czernih's declaration
(respecting adherence to the princi
ples of no annexation and no indemni-..
ties) and draws therefrom practical
conclusions, which must be drawn
"honestly. If the government acts
otherwise, the consequence would be
that, while Austria-Hungary and
Russia enter lasting relations of
friendship, Germany will remain ex
cluded therefrom and we shall lose
our last neighbor and friend."
Among the newspapers of a differ
ent complexion there are indications
(Continued on Page 6.)
In answer to an urgent call for help
frowi the barge Blue Beard anchored
in Bridgeport harbor, Dr. Frank E.
Gavlas, entered a futile race with
death from the emergency hospital to
the foot of Henry street, and then
over the frozen surface of the harbor
for the distance of a mile at 2 o'clock
this morning. Upon arriving on
board the craft he found John Harris,
30 years of age, a bargeman from 83
Fulton street, dead from pulmonary
hemmorhage.
Owing to the darkness and the bit".
ter cold Dr. Gavlas. ran considerable
risk in making the trip from the shore
o the anchored vessel. With the aid
of a pocket flashlight he was able to
avoid fisun-s which had opened up
in the ice, but unfortunately arrived
too late to prolong the life of the
stricken man, who it is said has been
ailing for some time and was laying
unattended In his bunk on ttoa
RAMPS nFATU IN
5 iiJBRrs!!--fm riifrn '
iiukh vif !iit-K
fjfln V tf hit
,uuu FROZEN HARBOR
I
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