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THE TIMES: JANUARY 3, 1918
POLISH, BOHEMIAN, AND SLOVAK
LEADERS PIN THEIR FAITH UPON
PRESIDENT WILSON AND RUSSIA'
Would Have One Uay Eacn
Week When People, of
State Would Have Diet
Connecticut's Federal Food Admin
istration is advocating a "Potato day"
each week, saying that the time has
coma for a roncerted drive on the
Irish potato. Last fall the grocery
trade Joined hands with the Food Ad
ministration to this end, but there
were complications in the crojp
, drought and field frosts which caused
a yield of small potatoes and hurried
damaged potatoes to market, putting
prices below the profit point to grow'
ers in some sections, and in other
places, coupled with railway conges
tion, putting prices too high for free
consumption. Now, most of the trou
bles of last year's crop seem to be
over. .There are plenty of .potatoes
in most markets, with satisfactory
supplies steadily coming in. We need
a long, strong pull all together on po
tatoes, grower, gTOcer, and consumer
all doing team work to get good pa
tatoes to market and put them on the
people's tables at reasonable prices.
.A new device for selling has been
worked out The retail grocer is ad
vised to look over his weekly sched
ule of deliveries, choose the day when
trade is slack, make a special price
on potatoes for delivery that day, and
fix Potato Iay in his community as
a weekly event. This is an improve
ment over potato week and potato
month, both of which concentrated
too much attention, upon this food at
one time and led to market disturb
ances. One potato day each week
makes no abnormal demands upon
the farmer or the railroads, and so
will not disturb prices or cause short
ages or gluts. One potato day each
week will enable the consumer to use
this valuable food article as a bal
ance in diet, and reduce living costs,
and conserve wheat and meat for our
fighters and the allied nations. With
organized sales effort behind potatoes
handled at decent profits through the
entire grocery trade of the country,
there will be no need for consumers
storing the tubers themselves. In
some ways this amounts to a form of
hoarding and disturbs the market.
Potato day each week should' be a
fixed event, from now until the 1917
crop is eaten, up next June.
Oppressed of the Slavic Nations Look' to Them to Solve
the Problems and to Achieve Freedom, Unity, and In
dependent Life for the Submerged People of Europe
Leaders Express Their Faith In a Solution of Situa
tion. ' '
In spite of the reaction against
macadam road construction, yet prob
ably more money is still being put
. into that type of construction than into
any other. But unless done in the
. most thorough way, with the closest
attention to detail, it i3 good only for
light traffic. Heavy trucking and fast
running automobiles will break it
down in a season.
., The under earth must be thor
oughly rolled when wet until soft
;; spots are packed down. If any weak
spot is left, the crushed stone will
soon drop into it and cause holes. Side
ditches and drains must be arranged
to carry off moisture.
A firm form of rock must be
chosen. Granite is too coarse lime
stone too soft, though a small quan-
,. tity of limestone is often mixed with
harder rock and is useful in giving
a cementing quality. Trap rock, dia
bese, basalt, and porphyry rocks are
most favored. The crushed rock
should be laid in a clean condition,
so that the interstices will not be fill
ed up by dirt that will wash down
later. The rock should pack together
into the smallest possible space.
The standard construction of ma
cadam road requires four to eight
inches of coarse rock for the base,
and two to four inches smaller sur-
facing rock. The rolling must be
very thorough. There is a tendency
for the rolling to push the surface up
. Into the form of waves,- and some au
.'. thorities urge rolling diagonally to
. overcome this. The road will hold
only if the rock pieces, which should
be sharp, are pressed down so as to
interlock mechanically with eaqh
otheri thus constituting a solid fab
ric. The standard binders outside of
; the bituminous materials, are fine
stone screenings and water, sand and
water, limestone screenings and watej
and clay and water.
(By Natalie De Bogory) ,
Polish, Bohemian and Slovak lead
ers in statements issued yesterday af
firmed their faith in the solution of
the problem of freng the subject
Slavic nations through the policy for
mulated by President Wilson and. the
Bolshevik government of Russia.
Polish leaders expressed themselves
as especially impressed with the fact
that the bitterest enemy of the Polish
race, Russia, has aligned herself with
President Wilson in his demand for
the reconstitution of Poland as a uni
ted and independent state.
"An international precedent has
been established by the action of the
Bolsheviki in Remanding the freedom
of Poland," said Bronislav D. Kula
kowski, a prominent lawyer and editor
of the "Wiel," the official organ of the
Polish National Defense Committee.
"We have been fighting autocratic
Russia and the czar for centuries, and
now is the first time in our history
that the Russian government is fight
ing for our rights. .Even if the weak
ness of the Russian army prevents a
satisfactory solution of the question of
the freeing of Poland, a great stej
forward will have been taken, for the
Polish question is placed outside the
sphere of discussion and sentimental
vaporings on the firm basis of interna
"The whole question was approach
ed purposely on a basis by the gov
ernment of Miliukoff. The solution of
the Polish question was left in the
hands of the Russian Constitutent As
sembly. A common army with. Russia
was also forced upon us.
"Whatever the faults of the Lenine
government, at least there can be no
doubt that it has sundered all ties with
imperialism. This is shown by the de
mand made upon th German dele
gates at Brest-litovsk that all nations
be granted freedom and that foreign
armies be withdrawn from Poland and
"We Poles were not surprised by
this stand, for we have known Len
ine's point of view for many years.
Lenine has visited Poland many times
and has studied our problems. He be
came convinced of the' justice of our
demands for a free, autonomous and
indepandent Poland, and never hesita-"!
ted to write and speak about the issue.
As a matter of fact when war was de
clared he was arrested in Cracow by
the Austrians as a Russian spy, and it
was only the vigorous defense of him
a;: a Russian revolutionist on the part
of many prominent Poles which fin
ally freed him.
"It has been his belief in unlimited
freedom that has led to the disorgan
ization of the army. His aim is x
world revolution, with which he is
row threatening German imperialism.
"I never met him, though I was act
ively engaged in defending the Polish
revolution of 1901. Over 400 cases were
handled by me in Warsaw, and it was
crily when friends warned me of im
pending arrest that I escaped to Amer.
ica. But I was at the University of
Petrograd with his brother, Uullianov,
who was hanged for attempt upon the
!ife of the Czar Alexander III., in 1887.
He was a particularly fine, in'fepid
man, and on the eve'of his execution,
when, his mother and sister begged
him to sign a petition to the czar
Officials admit that a complete shut
down of all the plants building ships
may take effect unless ther ailroads
relieve the shortage of ship plates.
Three days' suspension was the
penalty drawn by the Berlin Vor-
waerts for declaring the German la
borers were In agreement with the
Musterole Loosens Up Those
Stiff Joints Drives. Out Pain
YouTl know why thousands use Mus
terole once you experience the glad re
' lief it gives.
, Get a jar at once from the nearest
drug store. It is a clean, white ointment,
made with the oil of mustard. Better
than a mustard plaster and does not
frlis'sr. Brings ease and comfort while
it is being rubbed on!
! Musterole is recommended by in any
doctors and nurses. Millions of jars are
used annually for bronchitis, crOup, stiff
Heck, asthma, nettalgia, pleurisy, rheu
matism, lumbago, pains and aches of the
aci er joints, sprains, sore rncscka,
bruises, chilblains, 'frosted feet; colds ot
the chest (it often prevents pneumonia),
30c and 60c jars; hospital size $2.50
FUNERAL bouquet and
JOHN KECK & SON
which would have liberated him, he
refused to do so, and preferred the
pillows to dishonor. They are a fam
ily of zealots.
"Whatever the mistakes committed
by the Bolsheviki. they have played an
iiiportant part in modern history to-
v ard the establishment of democraccy
President Wileon expressed a cor.-ect
appreciation of them in his speech. It
is sufficient to compare his statement
to that of Lloyd George to understand
why all the suppressed nations, and
especially Poland, have declared the
leadership of America as the essential
condition for the establishment of jus
tice in Europe.
"We Poles have always feared that
Poland would become the object of
bargaining at the forthcoming peace
conference. The significant words ut
tered by President Wilson on January
22, 1917, brought no echo from Eur
ope, and the publication of the secret
re gotiations by the. Bolsheviki show
ed that there was cause for our fears.
"But the Russian revolutionists
have put the question clearly, in ac
cird with the guiding principle of
President Wilson. Our great poet,
Mickewicz, made the statement years
ago that of the three oppressors of
Poland, Russia would be the first to
regret and amend.
"It was in Poland that the first in
ternational agreement was drawn up
in the fourteenth century, whe. the
union between that country and Lith
uania was consummated. The prln
ciple of the free with the free, and
equals with equals' was then announ
ced, and we have lived to see the ex
pression of the same thought by the
President of the United States. I think
that we will soon see the establish
ment of Mittel-Europa, without Ger
many; but for such an outcome 11
peoples must be free and Iwdependent,
and the Polish question wi'l have to be
settled to our satisfaction.'
"Lenine and President Wilson have
expressed support of the same princi
jSe, with the difference that President
Wilson will succeed and Lenine will
fail," said Alexander Dembskl, pub
lisher and owner of the "Polish Daily
"Lenine has attacked the problem of
the freedom of small nations only
theoretically, although the principle is
being applied to Russia at the present
time. Hut President Wilson has
brought the weight of an organized
nation to sustain the principle. In an
incredibly short time the United States
has organized an efficient army. The
business and organizing genius of
America hive shown themselves by
the manner in which the army is be
ing placed on a working basis.
"We also have Bolsheviki in Polan.
t'Ut they were opposed to the prin
ciples of Polish independence. Under
he influence of Lenine they have
hanged their point of view.
"Lenine's great contribution to man
kind is the tiaal destruction of im
perialism. N But, being a fanatic he
has missed his opportunity for con
structive work, and for this reason, ho'
is doome to failure.
He counted .too. much upon the
strength of German Socialists, think-,
ing mat mey would rise and declare i
their disapproval of Junkerism. Ger
man centralization, however, did not!
result from a revolution, but was
brought about by the power of Prus- j
sia. as a result it has been imbued
with militarism, which is difficult to
"It is our duty to uphold and help
the President in all wavs, for it is !
t. ward him that we must loon, for the
solution of our Polish problem."
"The Bolsheviki 'government is the
only government which has clearly ex
pressed itself in favor of a free ana
independent Bohemia," sajd B. G.
Gregr, edi:r of the "Hlas Lidu," the
l.iggest Bohemian paper in the East,
and son of Dr. . Edward Gregr, leader
cf the Bohemians in the Austrian par
liament. "Last Sunday, at a meeting
held in Prague by Bohemian, Mora
vian and Silesian representatives, a
resolution was passed demanding an
independent Bohemian republic. Our
leaders see real strength in the Bol
sheviki, knowing well their progres
sive and fair ideals, and they are be
ing influenced by them.
"Bohemia has been struggling for
emancipation from Austria, and her
aim had been to have a Russian or
entente protectorate established. On
January 22, 1917, President Wilson
declared himself for an independent
Bohemia, but now both he and Lloyd
George make mention only of the au
tonomous development of the nation
alities in Austria-Hungary. We have
been surprised by this change, but it
s explicable. Allied diplomats can-
lot express - their sympathy openly,
for they do not wish to hurt the feel
ings of the Austrian government. They
still hope for a raipture between Aus
tria and Germany.
"The suppressed nations are prom
ised the autonomy in the hope that
having once obtained it they will con
tinue the struggle-and gain more than
independence by their own efforts.
President Wilson has always helped
us in our national aspirations, and I
do not doubt that we can always de
pend on his moral support.
The principles of the Bolsheviki
are influencing the whole world. I be
lieve, knowing the sincerity of their
views, that they will never be traitora
to the Slavs. Their recognition by the
allies would help Russia a great deal,
as well as the allies themselves, for
that is the only way in which the radi
cal changes planned by them could be
retarded and their activities could
then be directed into channels of mod
erate revolution. That we are facing
a world revolution I do not doubt."
The war will end either with the
disruption of Austria or with the de
feat of America," said the Rev. Chris
topher L. Orbach, editor and president
of the "Daily Slovak-American," the
biggest Slovak daily in the East. "Only
I don't believe that the United States
can be beaten. Even when the coun
try was poor and small it won every
war, and I firmly believe that it will
help to win this struggle, too.
"There must be a complete disrup
tion of Austria-Hungary, for it is
through her assistance that the Berlin
Bagdad plan is possible. She is Ger
many's tool in this scheme, and her
mere existence will be a menace to the
freedom and democracy of the 'world
Austria is simply the name given to
a number of oppressed Slavonic na
tions held together by the common
yoke of common sorrows, and for that
reason she must not exist after the
The autonomy mentioned by Presi
dent Wilson in his recent speech prac
tically stands for liberation. In any
cise I doub; that we Slovaks have suf
ficiently proven or had the opportun
ity to show that what we want is in
dependence, and that should we get it
we would know what to do with it.
A declaration for our independ
ence .would only act as provocation to
Germany, under whose heel Austria is
row being ground. - riser stated
in Berlin at the beginning of the war
that he would fight until the last Gyu'-
riah and the last German horse are
dead.' We must take this statement
ii:to serious - consideration.
I feel .satisfied that Austria will
not desert Germany, and that we will
have to fight for our freedom against
imperialism of the Hohenzollerns."
T 0 - DAY
A Delightful Episode of City and
Country Life Visualized in
Dillon & Parker
Comedy Song and Dance
"World's Most Illusive Display
THAT ALL POWERFUL DRAMA
One of Broadway's Favorites
6 REELS 8 ;
A Story of Redemption
The Young Jester
Most Marvelous Illusion
Kalmo & Co.
Direct From "Colonial"
ANIMATED NEWS NEW NOVEL
A tense drama of love and laughter
Jules of the Strong Heart1
"Ey William Aairiam Rovd
Scenario by Harvey f- Thaw
Frank X Finnegart
Directed, by Donald Crisp
Friday and Saturday
The Universal . Popular - Screen
Celebrity in Her FirsC r
Every Scene a Thrill of Excite
WHEN A MAN
Vaudeville's Latest and Most
TWENTY MINUTES OF JOY
JACK GEORGE & CO.
In a Black-Fa ce Laughing
HOWARD & SCOTT
Songs and Pance
With His Devilstlcks
Three Shows Daily 2,
She'll Pack Them To
The Roof Every Show!
GEORGE BEBAN'S GREATEST
"THE PRIDE OF THE
EAST SIDE '
Stratford Avenue.Corner Wilmot
and Carroll Avenues
1 Special Select Feature
THE STAR OF STARS
Paul Waters,, an alien enemy, is in
the Binghamtbn state hospital, after
confessing he fired the Baldwin coal
pockets at Johnson City. The war
drove him insane.
In Her Greatest Screen
A pictorial version of Herman
Suddermann's stirring dramatic
success. A true super-masterpiece
NO. 24, O. S. C.
Will Celebrate the 159th An
niversary of the Birth of
By Giving a
AT THE CASINO,
Friday, Jan. 25th, 7:45
A 23 b
Numerous other Cinema plays
beaded by Win. S. Hart in a
two part western drama
North of Fifty-Three
let Cuticura Save Your Hair
On retiring,. comb the hair out straight,
then make a parting, gently rubbing in
Cuticura Ointment with the end of the
finger. Anoint additional partings until
the whole scalp has been treated..
Place a light covering over the hair to
protect the pillow from possible stain.
The next morning shampoo with Cuti
cura Soap and hot water.
Sample Each Fre. by Mail. Address post
card: IiCotjeur. Dept. 1G; Borton." Sold
everywhere. Soap 25c Ointment 25 and 50c.
Sun. Afternoon, Jan. 27
Under Auspices of Ladeis' . of
Charity, St. Vincent de Paul.
SEATS, $1.50 AND $1
OTHER SEATS 50c AND 25c
A 23 u "
TWO BIG HOLIDAY DANCES
Colonial Ball Room, Fairfield Avenue
MONDAY AFTERNOON AND
EVENING, JANUARY 28
2:30 to 6 7:30 to 10.
McEnclly Singing Orchestra
Admission 35 Cents.
A 23 u
7UNERAL BOUQUET AND
JOHN RECK & SON
There was a rumor in financial cir
cles that the Corsair, famous yacht of
the late J. P. Morgan, now a gunboat,
had sunk a submarine.
Victims on the United States ship
Michigan who were killed by the fall
ing of one of the masts will be buried
with full naval honors.
Teh billion dollars must be raised
before June 30, 1918, Secretary Me
Adoo declared, in a statement before
the House Interstate commerce Com
There are about 20,000,000 persons or
organizations paying incomes to oth'
ers of more than 50. the Bureau of
.internal Revenue estimates. ..
THIS WEEK THIS WEEK
"THE GIRL WA
Merriest Comedy of the Day V&3
"CAPTAIN KIDD JR."
A Comedy With a Thrill
Tuesday, Jan. 29
CASINO, STATE ST.
Star- Bound, 15 Rounds
160 Pounds at 3 O'clock
of Pittsburgh, Pa.
of New York.
Second Star Bout, 10 Rounds
135 Pounds at 3 O'clock
of New York
Third Star Bout, 10 Rounds
of New HaTen
Every Boxer Must .Weight in at 3
P. M. on Day of Contest at the Alpine
Manager and Matchmaker
Referee, TERRY LEE
Announcer, FRANK BRAITHWAITE
Timer, M. F. O'CONNOR
Doors Open at 6:30 Sharp.
Bouts at 7:30 Sharp.
Tickets, . . ... .$1.10, $2.25
Reserved scats guaranteed, or mon
ey refunded at box office.
This show will be in every way up
to standard established by the management-.
State St., Near Clinton Ave. Tel. Bar. 7773
LAST SHOWING TODAY
I IN HIS VERY LATEST RELEASE HH
5 ACTS 5
EXTRA! Mack Sennett Presents EXTRA!
Taming Target Center
2,000 FEET OF LAUGHS "
With Polly Moran, Ben Turpin and Tom Kennedy
TODAY & TOMORROW
Evenings at 8 P. M.
JAS. F- COOPER'S
BEST SHOW IN TOWN
With That Funny Italian and Blackface Langh Maker
AH Star Cast, and a Bewitching Chorus of Burlesque BeanUea
A Show That Lives Up to Its Title
NOTE The audience is requested at all times to assist the manage-,
ment in terminating; all evening performances at 10:30, as re-
quested by the officials. '
MONDAY, MAT. & EVE., JANUARY 28 j
AT 8 P. M.
AUGUSTUS PTTOU PRESENTS THE ACTOR SINGER
,In the New Comedy
THE MAN FROM WICKLOW By Anna Nichols
HEAR O'HARA'S NEW SONGS
PPjrrfQ MAT. 25c TO $1.00
I lilvLikJ. EVE. 25c TO $1.50
oDDnniir inc p. nnm on
r n u 11 1 1 r ii. r v. iiiiui i.ii
:v -i ' - DEALERS' IN ' ? '. f-
ANTHRACITE AND BITUMINOUS COAL
EAST END E. WASH. AVE. BRIDGE :: :: TEL.'4fi"S-4eH