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TIIE TIMES: JANUARY 26, 1918.
THE BRIDGEPORT TIMES ' 1 , and Evening Farmer. fFOUNDED 1790.) Published by The Farmer Publishing Co., 179 Fairfield Ave., Bridgeport, Conn. DAILY .. 60c month, $6.00 per year WEEKLY.. $1.00 per year in advance PHONE . BUSINESS OFFICE Baxnum 1203 f, t 4 FOREIGN REPRESENTATIVES Bryant, Griffith & Branson. New York, Boston and Chicago MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Presk is exclusively entitled to the ase for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited In this paper and also the local news published herein. Entered at Post Office, Bridgeport, Connecticut, as second class matter. SATURDAY, JAN. 26, 1918. HERTLIISG'S HERTLING REPLY to the peace program suggested by President Wilson seems to open a door for discussion. His answers to the president's four proposals first in order seem to be reasonably satisfactory. Hertling agrees that there should hereafter be no secret diplomacy, that there should be freedom of the seas, that there should be no-economic war, af ter the war, and that there should be an impartial adjustment of colonial claims. The evacuation of Russian territory is described as subject to agreement between Germany and Russia. If the evacuation The sixth proposal relates to Belgium. Hertling says that his predecessors have declared that at no time did the annexa tion of Belgium form a part of the .German program. But he , refuses to remove the problem from the discussion of a peace conference. This would seem to be an approach to an agreement, and he evidently intends the matter to be considered in connection with the demand for an evacuation of the occupied lands of France, and the righting of the wrong done in the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine. ' Hertling says that it is not the intention of Germany to for cibly annex French territory, but the agreement of evacuation must be between Germany and France. Germany will not dis member imperial territory. The rights of Belgium are virtually made a part of German rights in Alsace-Lorraine. One problem is to be used as a set off to the other. Questions nine, ten and eleven relate to problems that are mainly Austrian. They include readjustment of the Italian frontier, autonomy for Austrian nationalities, and the disposi tion of Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, which must be evacu ated. These questions are declared to be for Austrian determin ation. Question 12 relates to the nationalization of the Darda nelles. Hertling says he will Turkish statesmen, but will stand by Turkey. The proposal for an independent Poland is met with the statement, "We are on the road tion would be whether an independent Poland would actually Via pftf aVilisrtftrl To question 14, Hertling says that Germany is willing, - wLehi other matters are determined, to examine the president's project for an association of the nations of the earth, to guard the rights of alL It is difficult to see how Herding, if the interest of peace is to be conserved, could answer regarding the purely Austrian and Turkish questions differently than he has. It is for Turkey to say what Turkey is willing to do, and it is for Austria to say what the empire is willing to do in its own territory. , The real point of dispute therefore seems to consist in the double problem of. Belgium and The Allies are agreed together not to make a separate peace. So with the Teutonic Allies. Unless some of the Teu tonic Allies are willing to make a separate peace, as Russia per haps will do, it is necessary for them to agree what they will respectively give up, or demand. If Turkey should not tentatively assent to Internationaliza tion of the Dardanelles, and Austria to the rectifications propos ed, the informal discussion would almost solely concern itself with the single question of Belgium and Alsace-Lorraine. If definite approach toward specific agreement upon spe cific peace proposals is any criterion, the world is nearer a peace conference than it has been AUSTRIA HAT AUSTRIA is willing J- with Russia, without proves that the working classes infected "with Russian propaganda. The Austrian proposal notes but one exception. Austria is not willing to submit to the doctrine of the self determination of peoples. This doctrine was made the the Bolsheviki, and they will A separate peace between embarrassing to Germany. It solely the burden of keeping the The unity of purpose, which has held Austria and Ger many together is impaired. The of which are conducted on a large scale even now, have played their part in compelling the amicable frame of mind. Just as the French revolution caused a ferment among all European peoples, so the Russian revolution is causing new aspirations in the minds of the Even among the Allies the working classes are moved bv the ideas of Russian policy. But the Teutonic working classes are barely restrained from active MALICE OR INCOMPETENCE? EGRETARY McADOO, after scrutinizing reports of Fed kI5 eral inspectors, says land is due to the negligence which deliberately permitted pair, and was unable to move lem river freight yards. It is unnecessary to inquire have been due to a deliberate and how much was due to sheer incompetence. Intelligent trainmen in the service of the New Haven company have their PHONE. EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT Barnum 1287 REPLY not forestall the expressions of to this goal." Again the ques Alsace and Lorraine. before since the war began. WILLING to conclude a separate peace regard to the action of Germany, of the empire have been deeply chief item in the proposals of not readily abandon it. Austria and Russia would be would impose upon that country Russian front recent strikes in Austria, some Austrian government to a more European working classes. sympathy with the Bolsheviki. that - the coal famine in New Eng of the New Haven Company, its locomotives to fall out of re 4,000 cars of coal out of the Har how much of this failure migh purpose to harass the government, own ideas on the subject, and their ideas are based on knowl? edge and experience. Whether this gross failure tence it calls imperatively for ment should forthwith put' its own tion in New England. Malice or incompetence, it permitted to tie up, impede or suspend the industry of New Eng land, secretary McAdoo win lane to move coal cars out of Harlem river terminal, and such fur ther measures as are necessary to be rid of railroad executives who do not properly perform their duties. UOUS AMERICANS PLAN MANY WAYS TO MEET GREAT SHORTAGE OF FARM WORKERS Every American believes he can do' anything any other man has done and maybe do it a little better. Every community expects to be a New York or a Chicago some day. It is natur al. We are born that way. And, be cause we believe we can do anything, and because we back up our confi dence with an abundance of hard work, why, we usually succeed in do ing it! All of which is by way of saying that individuals and communities throughout the country faced farm la bor shortages last year and solved their problems. Various methods were used emergency volunteer workers from towns and cities, high cchool boys, county labor bureaus. The labor question is a pressing and perplexing one now. Governmental agencies are doing everything they can. But, after all. Individual initia tive and action mustbe relied upon largely. You your town your county can do what other people, other towns, other centries did last year. And here are some of the things they did: In Hood River County, Oregon, which is a fruit Country, the schools were closed during the apple picking time, so both pupils and teachers could go into the orchards. Practical ly all the stores closed one-half of each day and all employes worked at apple picking and packing. Through- ut the county owners of automobiles nd trucks gave the use of their ma chines to carry the workers to and from the fields. These measures en abled the apple growers to save a rop, much of which would have been lost otherwise. In Maine the labor shortage that ihreatened serious potato loss was re lieved to quite an extent by training camp boys, or "Junior Volunteers.' These boys, from sixteen to twenty- one years of age, were mobilized at state training camp, given a short course in practical larm worK ana were sent to the potato fields, and other farms, where help was needed. They were under military discipline and were uniformed and carefully su pervised at all times. A boy's camp was conducted near Phoenixville, Pa., where a two-weeks training course was planned. Accord ing to reports from that secttun these boys went at their work so earnestly and were so anxious to give satisfac tion that it became difficult to keep DOUBLE FUNERAL FOR WEIDLICHS, TRAIN VICTIMS Attended by many prominent man ufacturers, representatives of frater nal organizationa and many sorrowing relatives and friends, funeral services for Ernest C. and Frederick A. Weid- licht, wfho were Stilled Wednesday evening at North and Housatonio ave nues when their automobile was struck by a train, were held this aft ernoon at 3 o'clock at the heme of their mother, Mrs Frances Weidlich, 623 William street. Rev. Everett A. Burnes, pastor of the Washington Park Methodist church, officiated. Corinthian lodge, A. F. & A. M., and Hamilton Commandery, K. T., ex emplified their rituals at the home and at the grave in Mountain Grove ceme tery. BRITISH LABGR'S RESOLUTIONS ALL ENDORSE WILSO Nottingham, Eng., Jan. 26. The British Labor party has closed the most important convention in its his tory. The outstanding fact of the three day proceedings Is the firm stand taken on the war. British labor emphatically reasserted that "the world must ibe completely and finally rid of aggressive militarism." The pacifist element in the confer ence, although demonstrative, was beaten decisively on; every occasion its proposals reached the voting stage. For the American public one of the main points of interest is the party's unequivocal acceptance of President Wilaon as its own prophet. Not a single resolution or declaration was made during the conference on the subject of war or peace omitting an endorsement of Wilson s war aims and attitude. No other Allied statesman received a similar tribute. Premier Lloyd-George had many carping crit ics and President Poincare was not mentioned, but not even speakers rep resenting the disaffected fringes of the party spoke a disparaging word on the attitude of the American pres ident and people. FOOD LACKING TYPHUS INVADES RUSSIAN CITIES Petrograd, Jan. 26 There are more than 100. cases of typhus in the Petro grad isolation hospital. Most of the patients are from the working classes. Physicians say the disease has been brought on by under feeding. The hospitals are also treating many eases of what is called hunger typhus, chiefly among factory workers, - ; '' is due to malice or, incompe new executives. The govern men in charge of transporta,- ' ' . " , , matters not which, cannothe sucn steps as are necessary t-fcm at the camp for the full period of training farmers wanted them be fore they had completed the prescrib ed course. wasco county, Oregon, foresaw a shortage of labor for cherry picking, and the Chamber of Commerce of The Dalles arranged, in advance of the harvest, for the co-operation of the Portland Free Employment Bureau in getting workers to the county when needed. About 200- pickers were se cured and 2,000 tons of cherries were harvested, a crop loss being averted by the local labor needs having been anticipated and arranged for. In Adams County, Pennsylvania, the apple crop of the South Mountain Belt needed pickers, and no labor was availabfe. From two of the manual training high schools of Philadelphia forty-eight boys went to this section and worked in the orchards, living in camps which were in charge of super visors from the school or Y. M. C. AM moving from orchard to orchard as they were needed. In two boy's camps In Arizona last year 129 boys hoed 2,000 acres of cot ton and cultivated 85 acres of melons and 2 5 . acres of potatoes. In an Indiana county the head of a Lig cannery saw that the local truck supply, upon which he depended, would be greatly curtailed unless the labor shortage was relieved. He did not want to have to shut down his canning factory., So he financed a boys' training camp and the forty boys who were trained there supplied the truckers with enough labor to carry the gardens through in good shape. Cherries were harvested in Door County, Wisconsin, by 150 boys in a Y. M. C. A. camp and by a smaller number of boys in a boy-scout camp, the first outfit from Milwaukee and the second from Chicago. The boys lived in buildings at the fair grounds, converting them into temporary bar racks. They were under semi-military discipline, as was the case in practically all boy camps throughout the country. The Secretary of the Y. M. C. A. at La Grande, Ore., last year was made labor agent of that county and all the business men and city authorities co-operated with the farmers in se curing -labor. Transient laborers were required to 'register with the labor agent, and either go to work or mova on. RECOMMEND NEW TRIAL IN REPORT ON MOONEY CASE Washington, Jan 26. Recommen dation that President Wilson use his good' offices to induce California auth orities to bring about a new trial of Thomas J. Mooney in case the Califor nia supreme court sustains his con viction for complicity in the San Fran cisco bomb outrages was made today by the president's mediation commis sion. In a report to the president the commisssion, which has conducted an exhaustive investigation of the trials of Mooney, Warren K. Billings, Mrs. Rena Mooney and Israel Weinberg, declared this could be done by post poning the execution of the death sen- tence imposed on Mooney, awaiting the resolution adopted by the Prague the outcome of a new trial based on j Deputies demanding the right of self prosecution under one of the untried determination, the Czechs shouted: indictment against him. "Lies! Away with von Seydler! You A history of the four cases is given are another General Hoffman!" (re- the report and the conclusion is reached that the "Mooney case soon resolved itself into a new aspect of an old industrial feud instead of a sub ject demanding calm search for the truth.' After telling of the connection ot Billings and Mooney, the report points out that Mrs. Mooney and Weinberg, facing the same evidence, were ac quitted because the testimony of Frank Oxman, the main witness for the state, had been discredited before their trials. The commission in detailing condi tions in San Franciseo at the tme of Mooneys trial, says: "There can be no doubt that Moo ney was regarded as a labor agitator of malevolence by the public utilities of San Francisco, and the utilities against which he directed his agitation sought to 'get' him." No question of the jury's good faith is raised in the report, but it declares that 'it is because of subsequent de velopments that doubt is based on the justice of the conviction." The California supreme court is confined in its consideration of the appeal now pending, the report says, to only matters found in the record and if the supreme court confirms the conviction the relief will have to be supplied through executive action. CREWS OF SHIPS ON ATLANTICS TO GO ON RATIONS Washington, Jaw. 26. Crews of all American ships sailing from Atlantic an gulf ports will be put on a special food administration ration beginning Feb. 1. They will eat less beef and pork than now and will observe 10 wheatless meals a week. The new conservation diet was worked out with the approval of the department of commerce and the shipping board. Food officials say it will provide a much better balanced ration than is the rule now. The pro gram later will be extended to Ameri- can ships on the Pacific SUPERSTITIOUS ITALIANS THINK U. S. BOYS LUCKY Officers Travel Miles to Touch Supposedly Charm ed Bodies of American Air Men. American Aviation Training Camp, Southern Italy, Jan. 26 "You can't kill an American," is the dictum of the Italian officers training the sev eral hundred young aviators who have been flying here since the end of Sep tember, when, by arrangement with the Italian government, this , camp was established. The Americans have such a reputation for luck that Ital ian soldiers come here so they may touch one of the aviators. "It brings us good luck, too," they explain. xne Americans fly from morning until night virtually every day. Not a single one has been killed and but three have been injured fit all seri ously. One of the latter, on his third trip alone, got into an air situation which he did not understand, with the result that he stopped his motor whereupon the machine began to plunge downward until its fall was cheeked by the telegraph wires of the railway station of the nearby city. Thence the machine dropped to the ground and was smashed. The avia tor was picked up for dead, but in five days he was ready for another fly. The prize story of the camp con cerns Harry Harris, of California, who got lost, first in the clouds, and then in central Italy. He was a cou ple of hours going away and a whole week coming back to camp. As he afterwards explained, he went up for an altitude and when he got above the clouds he was unable to discover whether he was flying upside down or right side up, or whether the earth was above or below him. Finally after grazing a few moun tain tops of the Appenines, he alight ed in the center of a village square, begging for something to eat. As he couldn't speak Italian, his explanation that he was "Americano" didn't sat isfy the local police, who had never heard of American aviators in Italy but had heard a lot about those of Austria who have the unpleasant habit of dropping bombs on coast towns along the Adriatic However, he was fed and started campwards, after a couple of days of detention. He had flown nearly a hundred and fifty miles away from camp, and when he got back there, he was accused of having been on a visit to some sweetheart. THREAT OF RISING TO FREE AUSTRIA; STRIKE STILL BIG liondon, Jan. 25. Dispatches re ceived here from the Continent indi cate that the strike in Austria con tinues formidable and that the fiorces of unrest which have been loosed are precipitating a political situation of increasingly grfave possibilities. The democratic movement in the empire has received a great impetus, which has been emphasized toy the Bohe mian demand for self-determination pressed in the Vienna parliament, 'Reports received in Copenhagen from Vienna, ' as forwarded by the Exchange Telegraph correspondent, indicate that 200,000 men there are still on strike, and that the strike also continues in Budapest. A Vienna dis patch to the Vossische Zeitung of Berlin says that while work was re sumed in part on Monday the strike continues in a number of large fac tories. Reporting the sitting of the Aus- trian parliament on Wednesday, the j Voesische Zeitung draws a picture of Premier von Seydler In a state of j helplessness, surrounded toy excited Czechs and other hecklers, in a scene of turmoil. After the premier had re plied to na interpellation respecting ferrine to the chief German military representative at the Brest-LitovsK peace conference.) Victor Adler, the Socialist leader, said that what the workers had now attained in the way of concessions was onlv the beginning. He demanded that Foreing Minister Czernin carry through his announced program, add ing: "We did not desire war, but there are some in this hall who did. We must now get out of it what is possi ble. The monarchy must be entirely reconstituted. It must become a dem bcratic federal State of nationalities, for which the people are enthusiastic and ready to fight." A dispatch from Vienna, received in Basel, Switzerland, says that in an ad dress to the delegations of Parliament, I Count Czernin said that he considered President Wilson's last propositions re garding peace as showing a percepti ble approach to the Austro-Hungarian point of view. There were, he said, several points to which Austria-Hun- fgary could joyfully subscribe, but that the following principle fiist must be laid down: That where these proposi tions concerned Austria-Hungary's al lies, as in the case of Germany in re gard to Belgium or Turkey, Austria Hungary was faithful to her alliances, and would fight to the end for the de fence of her allies. The extremists are not contented with the settlement reached as a re sult of the government's concessions to the socialists. They are circulating leaflets among the workingmen vio lently attacking the official party lead ers. A Reuter dispatch from Zurich re ports that the Vienna newspapers of Monday indicated that the leaders ex perienced considerable difficulty in persuading strikers to return to work. Speakers at a huge meeting complain ed that the Austrian socialists had been left in the lurch by their German comrades. The Zeit says that the coal famine in Vienna is causing intense misery. Women wait fr hours outside the coal depots and have to return home in de spair, without fuel. Bitter weather Conservation. There is a lot said about it but we take it to mean putting the business into military training. Wo, at Bead's, shall go ahead just the same, with shorter business days. We shall keep m the race, in front too, and after this war is ended if the world is to be made over and re-furnished we expect to have a hand in it. In the meantime, according to the wise orders of the Government , The Store will be closed Monday Tuesday Special Clearance Sales before Inventory on Tailored Suits, t Winter Coats, Furs, Dresses, Evening Slippers, Corsets, Bandeaux and Brassieres . At the request of . The United States Food Administration We Americans are asked to eat corn and let the wheat go to Prance. Because Wheat bread is the food of the French man, peasant or aristocrat. Lopves of sweet smelling wheat and nice rolls of wheat. The French do not raise corn to any extent. Sci entific agriculturists say that corn will not ripen sweet in France. And the French have no mills for grinding corn if it could be set to them. Corn is typically an American cereal for the Indians raised it before Co lumbus came. It somehow belongs to us. It is a little diffiicult to introduce a new and strange food to any people, doubly hard in war time when they are so distressed as the French people are to-day. And our soldiers them the wheat. j?ADf0RDgo FAIRFIELD AVE. VARIETY STORE BROAD ST. nn.OPT'.RATIVE CAK FAKE FOR CUSTOMERS WU PROFIT SHARING WITH EMPLOYES Present This Coupon TUESDAY, JAN. 29 for 25 discount at our annual inventory sale of Remnants. adds to the general suffering. The Vienna Reichspost, the leading military organ, asserts that the strike ended in failure,that the reduced flour raions willl continue, and that the peace negotiations at Brest-Litovsk have not been advanced a single step. POMOLOGICAL SOCIETY TO AID CONSERVATION PLANS AT CONVENTION Hartford. Jan. 26 The production and conservation of food and the re lation of the farmer to the success ful carrying out of this program will be the key note of the program of the combined meeting of the Connecticut Pomological Society and the Con necticut Vegetable Growers' associa tion which will convene for a three days" session beginning Feb. 5, at Foot Guard hall, Hartford. Prominent on the program will be Gov. Marcus H. Holcomb, as will also George M. JLanders, chairman of the Committee of Food Supply, Connecti cut State Council of Defense; Robert Scoville, United States food adminis trator for Connecticut, and Dr. Lib erty Hyde Bailey, of Cornell Univer sity, who is known throughout the country as on of the leading think ers on agricultural topics and who comes to the meeting under the aus pices of the food committee and. the State Food Administration. On Wednesday, Feb. 6, the second evening of the convention a conserva tion supper will be served which will feature many economical and appetiz ing dishes made from food products with the Hoover seal of approval. Miss M. B. Sprague, Home Economics director for Connecticut, and Mrs. J. M. Dean, in charge of-Home Econom ics for the Hartford County Farm Bureau, will have charge of this sup per and the students in the Hartford High school domestic science classes will assist in serving the supper. A number of interesting addresses and discussions have been arranged by Secretary H. C. C. Mile-, of the Pomological Society, and Secretary G. P. Clinton of the Vegetable Grow ers' Association. The list of speakers Includes Dr. U. P. Hedrick of the are there. Let us give MSTH On Tuesday we will sell our year's accumulation of remnants of sheetings, mus lins, flannels, tickings, and many other goods at cut prices. Many of these rem-. nants are marked at old prices and would be big bar gains without the additional 25 that customers get with this coupon. New York Experiment Station; How ard W. Selby of the Eastern States Exposition; Horace W. Tingham of Warren, R. I.; Prof. H. J. Gourley of the New Hampshire Agricultural College; Dr. E. H. Jenkins of the New Haven Experiment Station; Prof. Guy C. Smith of the Connecticut Agricul tural College; Prof. William Stewart of the U. S. Dapertment of Agricul ture; Prof. W. W. Cenoweth of the Massachusetts Agricultural College; Elijah Rogers of Southington, presi dent of the New England Peach Growers' Association, and others. RUSSIAN WORKMEN GREET SOCIALISTS OF 9 COUNTRIES Petrograd, Jan. 26. The congress of all Russian workmen's and soldiers' delegates has adopted the following greetings? "The congress of all Russian work men's and soldiers' delegates salutes the proletarian organizations of Great Britain, America, Sweden, Norway, Switzerland, France, Germany, Aus tria and Italy, which have always lent their aid and support to the proletar ian class of Russia in its struggle for socialism. The congress sends ardent wishes for socialism in all countries and asks for friendly assistance and support for the Russian socialist revo lution." TWO ASK PASSPORTS. Charles B. Spicer of Adams, N. Y has applied to M. J. Flanagan, clerk of the Superior Court, for a passport to visit Porto Rico, on a business trip. Ray Hoyt Griffin, of Bridgeport, has asked a passport for Havana, Cuba, where he is going on business. a n w vv j ft U3T