Newspaper Page Text
THE TIMES: JAST7AEY 31,' 1918.
THE BRIDGEPORT TIMES and Evening Farmer. (FOUNDED 170.) ' v Published by The Farmer Publishing Co., 179 Fairfield Ave., Bridgeport, Conn. DAILY . . 50c month, (6.00 per 'year WEEKLY . .$1.00 per year In advance PHONE BUSINESS OFFICE Barnum 1208 FOREIGN REPRESENTATIVES . Bryant, Griffith & Brunson, New York, Boston and Chicago MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper and also the local news published herein. Entered at. Post Office, Bridgeport, Connecticut, as second elass matter. THURSDAY, WORKING CLASS DEMANDS THE DEMANDS of the Zurich strikers, as stated by "Vor waerts," the socialist newspaper, begin with the de linand for "accelerated conclusion ofa general peace, without indemnities and without annexations." The eighth and last demand calls for the institution of equal electoral suffrage by direct and secret ballot. The order of presentation is significant. The working i class are tired of war and bloodshed. Therefore they place the demand for peace far ahead of the demand for equal universal and secret ballot. . 5 The second demand is for participation of working class ' delegates in negotiations for peace. The Zurich workers value ! the privilege of participating in peace adjustments, more than !the "fundamental democratization of state institutions," which is the seventh demand. This is but another effort to make peace certain. The workmen feel that if their delegates are sitting in the peace councils, it will be impossible for the negotiations to be imped ed by junker and militarist tactics. Third in order is a demand for improvement in the food situation by better distribution. Tha war brings hunger, and food is more desirable than ballots. To get food the workers propose to end the war, and they propose to distribute what food now is available in such a fashion that there will be no class of surfeited citizens, while the working class is hungry. In such a situation the Kaiser may deal with the strong arm: but in doing so he must impair the solidarity of his peo ple; he must bring nearer the class will overthrow the German THE BROKEN BOOM T F THE MANIFESTATIONS of JL bury are a token, the Bridgeport machine is not popular in, the rest of the state. Mayor Wilson's gubernatorial boom does not please the other Republicans of Connecticut. Everybody will wonder why. The Republican party in Connecticut is not free from intelligence. It likes winners. Mayor Wilson is a winner. Ordinarily such a candidate as he is would be received'with open arms. What is the matter? Perhaps the methods by which the Bridgeport machine suc ceeds are better appreciated outside of Bridgeport. The War- renite contracts made the state them with blase disregard of the The Baby Doll case scarcely port Up state it was regarded as Th6 methods of the Bridgeport machine have been inflicted upon Bridgeport insidiously. once, nor in a light which exhibited their full turpitude. There is no desire that the to other cities. The Bridgeport rate and the swelling Bridgeport show the route which those must ernors. LA30R RIOTS XTE T HEN NEWS ceased to flow from Austria a few days ago S.VV that country was pictured in the midst of great labor disturbance, led by socialists spiration from the Bolsheviki. The "news coming from Germany pictures that country as the seat of a working class demand for a peace without con quests and without indemnities, and rioting. The socialists are reported and both branches of the socialist party have united. Assuming that the reports place, Germany and Austria breakup not very different from sia, and caused by identical conditions. In neither of these countries can revolution occur upon a successful scale until the soldiers, or a portion of them, join i with the people. ' When popular revolt reaches a point, and the established government orders soldiers to' suppress it, and the soldiers re ; fuse to fire on tho people, then and then alone may the early down fall of the Hozenhollerns DANIELS PRAISES SHIP'S COOKVHO SAVED OFFICER Washington, Jan. 31. Secretary Dan iels commended today Ship's Cook Marclo for bravery In rescuing- Chief Quartermaster Robertson, -washed overboard from the U. S. S. Sinith on ' Dec. 17 while trying to clear a jam in the steering gear during a heavy gale, while the ship was rolling at 55 de grees. Robertson became exhausted by the cold and rough sea and was unable to help himself, when Marclo tied a line to his waist and jumped Into the water after him. With the assistance of Lieut. Richard I Con nolly the two men were hauled aboard. (Marcio lives in Philadelphia and Lieut. Connolly in Waukeegan, Til. CHINESE REBELS CAPTURE YOCHOW ON KIANG RIVER . Peking, Jan. SI Tochow, the strategic key to. the upper Tiangtse Kiang, has been captured by the southern revolutionists, according to a report 'from Hangkow. Advertise in The Times PHONE EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT Barnum 1287 JAN. 31, 1918. day when the German working throne. affection offered at Water- blush. But Bridgeport received moral principles involved. excited attention in Bridge a sign of dangerous decay. They were not presented all at Bridgeport methods shall spread grand list, the Bridgeport tax debt are warning signals, that not take who desire to be gov IN GERMANY and radicals, who took their in which is emphasized by strikes as directing the demonstrations truly represent what is taking are standing on the edge of a that which has occurred in Rus and the Hapsburgs be predicted. CASUALTIES OF OF BRITISH FELL OFF IN JANUARY London, Jan. 31. British casualties reported during the month of January totalled 73,017. They were divided as follows: Killed or died of wounds Officers, SaS; men, 13,698. woumled or missing Ocers, 1,205 men, 67,7o. The January casualties show slight falling oft from those reported during December, which reached total of 7,527. The total for Novem ber was 129,089, reflecting the severe fighting on the Cambrai front in that month. SUKD FOR GASOIjIXE BILL Suit'to recover $541.16 for gasoline furnished has been filed in the Su perior Court by the Gulf Refining Co. of Louisiana, against Jacob Postol of this city. Damages of $800 are claimed. BREWERT SUES OV NOTE Payment of a note dated November 23, 1917, for $3,500 is demanded in a suit filed in the Superior Court by the Kfenry Elias Brewing Co. of New York against Saferstein & Rich, of this city. . The note has not been paid. 'Damages of $4,000 are claimed. LATE MARRIAGES ARE NOT BAR TO EXEMPTION PLEA Secretary Baker Informs New York Board of New Ruling on Such Cases. BURDEN OF PROOF IS UP TO BOARDS Must Show That Registrant Married in Order to Evade Army Duty. New Tork, Jan. 31 'Newton D. Baker, secretary of war, in a letter yesterday to Charles E. Hughes chairman of the district board of tliis city, declared that he lisagreed with the board's recent ruling that mar napes since May iS, 1917 are tc be disregarded aa causes for deferred classification in the draft unless the bridegroom had already been re jected for military service or exempt ed for some other reason. The effect of the secretary's com munication which was forwarded to the governor of every state, according to draft officials here, is to place the burden of proof that late marriages are "slacker marriages" on tho local draft boards. This is regarded as a reversal of the decision handed down by thed istrict board in this city last Friday, when it announced that all marriages entered into since May 18 last, the date of the passage of the draft act, would be ignored, unlets 'by proof of facts the registrant shows that he entered into the subsequent marriage at a time when he was jus tinea in believing tnat be was no longer suhject to th obligation im posed by the selectiv service law." As a result of Secretary Baker's or der the district board promptly re turned the questionnaires In all lata marriage cases to the local boards, with instructions to reconsider tho facts in the light of the new ruling. Lewis Delafield, of the appeal body proposed that the district board re view its decisions in the 300 cases of this kind it has already passed on, but former Attorney-General George W. Wickersham and Louis Marshall opposed making the new interpreta tion' retroactive. The board took a vote and was deadlocked. It is under stood, however, that individual reg istrants affected will be able to have their cases reopened on application to the local boards: The only comment that members of the district board would make for publication was: "The Secretary of War is the general and wo are merely privates. We shall follow Instruc tions." Mr. Baker's letter, which was dated Jan. 28, the day he testified before the Senate committee on military af fairs, was the first personal commu nication the Secretary of War made to the district board. Heretofore Major-General Crowder, the provost marshal-general, has issued ' the in structions. Ever since the passage of the se lective service law draft officials have been troubled with the question of late marriages. In the first draft the district board here arbitrarily turned down every marriage since May 18 as a reason for exemption. . Secretary Baker's letter follows: Miy Dear Mr. Justice Hughes: The provost marshal general has brought to my attention the rul ing of your board on the subject of marriages since May 18. I agree that everything possible to be done to secure uniformity of de cision among local boards ought to be done and I regret very much that I find myself unable to agree with all that your board has to say on this subject. The effect of the ruling, as I understand it, is that unless, by reason of rejection for military service or prior exemption, a reg istrant has had fair ground for be lief that he would not be called for military service, then any marriage relation contracted by him since May 18 will be disre garded as creating a condition of ' dependency meriting deferred classification. The argument is cogent, but it proceeds upon an assumption that the effect of the selective service law was to set up a deterrent to marriage among registrants at least to the extent of warning them that such marriages would be disregarded as a ground for de ferment, and in this I "cannot con cur. About the time of registration, and again just after the drawing in Washington, reports of thou sands of "slacker marriages" were rife. (Records of marriage license bureaus bore out these reports, and whn the selection boards be gan to consider exemption claims it became necessary to issue Rul ing 4 (a), which directed aoards to scrutinize marriages recently con tracted, and especially those con tracted after a registrant had been called for examination. This rul ing was plainly intended to reach only marriages contracted with a primary purpose of evading mili tary service. The ruling was carried over into the new regulations with the ex press statement that the effect of the selective service law was not to suspend the institution of mar riage among1 registrants and with a particular mention of marriages hastily effected since May 18. I considered this regulation per sonally, and my intention was only to draw the attention of local boards to the equivocal class of marriages I have mentioned. It was not intended to require: boards to consider all marriages since May 18 as equivocal, and this, I take it, is the precise difference between the Tuling of the District Board and my view of the regula tions. In mf opinion, each case must ibe considered in the light of its own circumstances, and whenever the board' is convinced that the marriage was not entered into with a primary purpose of evad ing military service the claim for deferred ' classification should be allowed. In my opinion, each case must District Board for the City of New Tork is more harsh than is con sistent with the purpose and in tent of the law, and I fear that its application, will involve us in great ' difficulty. The rules governing REDDING Redding, Jan. 31. Fire, started in a mortar board partition from the stove nine AaTrn&ce i lTitoHn," nf the Thomas Ludway house, located below Pine Tree corner, to the- amount of about $200 last Mnndflv momine. The house was unoccupied at the time ex cept ror tne presence of Artnur Rus sell, the young stepson of Mr. Lud way, who had come from New Tork to spend the week end. Chief Marcus Burr of No. 1 Fire Co., was notified, of the fire by telephone and hurried to the scene with a hand chemical ex. tinguisher. This he used with such good effect that the flames were soon subdued, without having extended be yond two rooms. Tne property was insured for $1,700 with the n.srpnrrv nf W. H. HilJ, who estimates the loss at auu, equaiiy uiviuea oetween me building and the furnishings. The contract for re-indexing the town's land records has been awarded by the selectmen to Town Clerk San- lora, wno will start on the work as soon as a decision is reached ast tn which of the two or three approved systems open to choice will be follow ed. Promptness in getting the job un der way was deemed desirable in order tnat it mignt Be completed by the end of 1919, the time, limit set by the statute with a penalty for delay be yond that period. The matter of compensation is to be adjusted later as SO few towns have arranered contracts that anything like a fixed standard ror such work has not been established. However, there is no doubt felt as to reasonable and satis factory terms being arrived at in the case of the local records. There are 33 volumes to be gone over, the older ones -being in fine and often crabbed writing with the ink so faded as to be scarcely legible. One of those heeding the Hoover exportation for increased pork pro duction is A. G. Barnett of Lonetown who is reducing his dairy herd to make room for pig growing. He has aiready secured half a dozen brood sows and will raise all the progeny they are to produce in the spring. After the rearing stage the broods will be turned out to pasture in patches of alfalfa and common clov er, the latter being sown at intervals in order to provide fresh forage. These feeding grounds will give access to a break so that the growing pigs may require no nand supplying as regards either food or drink. The final fat tening process in the fall fa tn accomplished by turning the pigs into i vura rieia, another detail in the scheme of labor savine. Whiio th Hoover plea had a measure of influ ence in causing Mr. Barnett to under line pig raising he says that another reason is the labor shnrtae-n whf,. makes it difficult to get enough help to continue milk production and his other previous farm onaratinna nn the former scale. A local canvass is about to b mod in behalf of the fund the TCnio-hto nr Columbus are raising for relief and recreation work among the soldiers and the response should be as gen eral and liberal as that exteTidnd to the ot'ier patriotically wortbv n re peals previously presented to the pub lic. Redding is included In the ferri. tory covered by the Bethel council of me oraer in this campaign. The local committee appointed by the council consists of H. C. McCollam, chairman; Rev. Mr. Cunningham, M. Joseph Sullivan and D. S. Sanford. They will soon meet to arranero fur Imtititio contributions to the cause through out tne town. In Bridgeport the re cent K. of C. campaign resulted in raising about $20,000 above the nitv's allotment of $50,000. At the annual meeting of the Center Congregational church last Friday the former officers were re elected for the coming year. The fi nancial statements showed receipts for the past year of $2,225 with balance in the treasury on Jan. 1 of An advertisement fnr tinum keeper recently placed in a New Tork paper by a Redding widower brought sixty responses. The respondent who was hired brought along two children of her own and there were eight more or her employer's to be cared for. After a week's stav she returned tn New Tork. A letter received by relatives here on Monday announced the safe ar rival in France of Travers Malnne who had sailed about two weeks be fore as one of a party of twenty-five sent over in thfi enimtrv'R 1 vice. AH had written long letters pre vious to tneir departure and the agent exemption are left to be formu lated in executive discretion, and, therefore, there is a question of national policy as well as a ques tion in law to be considered. I come with great deference to a conclusion inconsistent with that of the board, and- if the question were of law solely I should hesi tate even more than I do in pro mulgating the following ruling, which is being sent out to all Gov ernors today. While the effect of Rule V, page 36, S. S. R,, is to require boards to scrutinize marriages since May 18, 1S17, it was never intended that rule should raise the presumption that every marriage since that date was effected with the pri mary purpose of evading military service. That rule was intended to authorize the board to disre gard the relationship created by clearly established "slacker mar riages" as a condition of depend-' ency, but each case must be care fully examined on its own merits. No general rule can be laid down, but it may be stated that a mar riage that carries no eq-uivocal cir cumstance other than its date is not to be so disregarded. ADF0RD FAIRFIELD AVE. VARIETY STORE BROAD ST. CO-OPTIT? ATTVE car fare for customers Wi-JE.rw. AX PROFIT SHARING WtTH EMPLOYES IUltJIUlli.iiwiiiiiimi-.iui.il IIJJI'IW COUPON ItUUD FRIDAY, FEB. 1 Heavy Ribbed Shirts and Drawers Now Selling for 95c a Garment With Coupon Friday 69c to whom they were Intrusted forward ed them on his receipt of the single code word sent by cable in accord ance with previous arrangement.' E. 21. Sanford is cutting from his land at Good Ridge and hauling to Bridgeport about fifty cords of wood purchased by parties who find a ready sale for it on account of the coal shortage. ' There is practically a coal famine in this town and one family after another find themselves com pelled to fall back upon wood which is none too easily obtained on account of the labor shortage. Miss Catherine Dewey, bookkeeper for the Connery Bros. Co., in George town, had her hip severely wrenched and was otherwise injured a few days ago by the upset of a sleigh in which she was riding. The War Bureau committees of this town were well represented at the meeting held at the Stratfield in Bridgeport today (Thursday) under the direction of the State Defense Council. Special delegates appointed to attend were Mrs. E. P. Sanford, Mrs. J. B. Sanford and Mrs. D. S. Sanford. A proving up of the figures making up the grand list slightly changes the total as given last week, the total thus amended being $1,812,634. Charles Williams and Moses Baker, with their families, have moved to the former Andrew Perry house in Easton now owned by the water com pany. The local Home Guardsmen have their next drill in Danbury on Tues day evening of next week. A battal ion drill is scheduled for the evening of the 22nd. Mrs. D. S. Sanford, head of the Home Economics committee for Red ding, has addressed a letter to her as sociates In which she notes that weather conditions have so far pre vented the committee from meeting and goes on to say: "There is in this community an im mense amount of latent force and self-sacrifice. As we look about us, however, we cannot but feel that in many cases this., has not as yet been called forth. There are people about us who fail to realize that the country is facing a very serious, if not an alarming crisis. There are oth ers who are hysterically nervous but who are ineffectual in their attempts to help the situation. "We are not a war relief or a Red Cross committee. We are the Home Economics committee whose business it is to urge that household re sources be conserved and private in comes expended in a way to conserve the resources of the country. May we not constitute ourselves a band of missionaries to spread abroad among our friends and neighbors, by exam ple and by word, the right ideas of economy and thrift. For example, there is genuine rea son for cutting domestic use of wheat. of sugar and of beef, mutton and pork. The reason is that these things are needed by our armies and our allies and that this is a reason able and effective sacrifice which we can make for their sakes; and also that we can find substitutes for these articles of food much more easily than can they. For example, again, wool is needed for army clothing and the supply of wool is short. So far as we can wear silk or cotton, cordu roy, velvet, velveteen, in place of wool, we are conserving the wool supply for our soldiers. Can't we preach this gospel in Redding? Candy is almost pure sugar and candy is almost or quite pure luxury. Can't we institute a crusade against it in this town? Can't we start a cru sade against white bread, against cake, against meat three times or two times a day or even ten times a week? Can't we pledge ourselves and get our women friends to pledge themselves to buy no new wool gar ments? Tou can add many items to this list. Can't we, in short, make the Home Economics committee an effective force in this community? Can't we do all this without cutting c"own the nutritive value of our chil dren's food get the sacrifice from the grown-ups, not the children? Can't we do this with bright faces and sane minds, without hysteria and without gloom, keeping up what in nocent pleasures, what simple so cial gatherings we may, as an aid to our sanity and balance? FINNISH REBELS SCORE VICTORIES OVER RUSSIANS Stockholm, Jan. 31 All is quiet in EFelsingfors, a dispatch from that city reports, but fightinj; is under way at other points in Finland between the Red guard, which is supporting the revolution, and the White guard, which is upholding the Finnish gov ernment. The White guard is fighting with enthusiasm and scoring suc cesses .everywhere, notably - at Kemi, Uleaborg and Kajanailmo, disarming the Red guard. In fighting on Tuesday near Mae mara station the Red guard lost 87 killed and 128 injured, while the White guard lost only eight killed and one wounded. BRITISH OFFICIAL REPORT London, Jan. 31 The official statement from British headquarters today reads: "Our patrol secured prisoners last night in the neighbor hood of Epehy. Beyond some hostile artillery activity south and north of Lens and in the neighborhood of Passchendaele there is nothing fur ther to report." MITH This is a broken lot In ecru and does not contain all sizes. Come early to secure your size. A few of the $1.50 ecru union suits are left and will be sold for $1.36. cmi React Established 1857 The Smartest Wool Fabric for the coming season Every woman loves Velour. It is as soft as a piece of fine grade chamois. There will be no trim mings on velour garments. The fabric is handsome enough of itself and it .takes color wonderfully. The following rich shades appear in the spring list now in stock: Fity-four inches wide. Old Gold, dark effective shade, Spark Blue, Mode, Cerise, pale cherry, The Shoe Question Spring styles for little folk Infants' "first-step" shoes in many leathers, $1.50 to $2.50 a pair For young children, shoes of patent, dull calf, tan Rus sia, genuine horsehide and buckskin, very dura ble, $2.75 to $5.00 a pair Shoes, a wide variety from which to select, button and lace models, medium and high cut, broad or mili tary heels. These shoes are in sizes from 2y2 to 8, widths AAA to E, $4.00 to $8.50 a pair Second, floor. , A Military Umbrella ! The name sounds attractive. . It will epecaally appeal to the woman who likes things military. The coverings of the umbrellas are in colors to combine well with the new spring suits, purple, green, blue and an effective red. The handles are the new club shape with bands of color, a few have novelty colored tops set in silver, all are finished with the military loop or ring for carrying. Very stylish looking, $5.50 to $10.00 Main flooCr-sigl, : , "KleverKraft" Silver for the home Klover-Kraf t Ware needs no introduction. Made of heavy silver plate, lacquered, with removable in sets, all pieces are practical and durable. Toast Racks, $1.75 each Mustard Jars, with glass spoons, $1.00 Individual Salts, 17cts m Dro Atlantic Green, color of the sea when it is a bit ugly, African Brown, Taupe, " Navy Blue and Plum color. Dress Goods Section, main floor. Casseroles, with brown or white insets, $2.25 each Coasters, glass insets, 40 cts each Candlesticks, 50c, $1.00, $2.25, $2.75 to $4.50 ea. Silverware Section, mainrfloo. Read co