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' The Weather Report
For Bridgeport and vi cinity: Unsettled tonight; Friday fair, colder. ; "S'matter Pop" The Times has obtained for its readers, the famous "S'matter Pop?" comic car toon. . It -will appear in this newspaper daily. See Page 8. wm Mtt and Evening Farmer VOL. 54 NO. 28 EST. 1790 BKIDGEPORT, CONN., FRIDAY, FEBRUAY 1, 1918 PRICE TWO CENTS K1 ' . MM Jti Lm i HUNS T TO Pf M BAY STATE FIRM HIT HARD BY WIDOW Lost $60,000 to Bridge port "Cassie Chad wick" Freyler a Victim. Mrs. Charles T. Chapman, Bridgeport's "Cassie Chadwick" is being sought by the legal re presentatives of the Empire Trust Company, New York, who. have protested her .note fort $104,000, and by the Ilibbard Company, of Worcester, Mass., to whom, it is said, she owes $60,000. It also developed to- , II I 1 TA 1 1 nay mai, sne owes r reuenuh Freyler, proprietor of the Fair field Restaurant, $2,000 which she borrowed on notes. Attorney John Smith, representing Margaret Graham, Mrs. Chapman's maid, has applied to Prosecuting At torney Morehouse, of Stratford, for a -warrant for the arrest of Mrs. Chap man on a charge of embezzlement. At torney De Forest, representing Miss Carrie Bunnell, is also about to take action, but when eeen this morning refused to cay what steps he would take to recover the $10,000 which his client lost. When the exclusive story carried by The Times yesterday became cir culated there was considerable excite. ment among the business people of Uridgeport, few of whom have escap ed the swindles of the woman. The D. M. Read Co. was heavily hit, while many other stores in. the city re ports having the name of Mrs. Chap- ( Continued on Page Ten.) HOME GUARDS TO PATROL BRIDGES IN CONNECTICUT Hartford, Feb. L-lDetails of Home Guard troops have been called out to protest the highway bridges at the mouths of the Housatonic and Con necticut rivers, according to a brief announcement made public today by State Highway Commissioner C. J. Bennett through the Connecticut State Council of Defense. Announcement of the order follows: "It has been thought advisable by the State Highway Commissioner and the Military Emergency Board to ' place guards for the protection of tiro main highway bridges, namely, the Washington bridge at the mouth of the Housatonic river and the old Say-brook-Old Lyme bridge, at the mouth of the Connecticut. "From time to time, it will be nec essary for the guards to stop auto mobiles preparing to cross these two bridges, particularly at night. The guards have been instructed to be courteous in their dealings with the . public." HUN HELMET TAKEN BY LOCAL BOY AT CA1BRAI Three Bridgeport soldiers "mixed It with the Huns in tne recent en gagement at Cambrai when Ameri can engineers dropped their picks and hovels and took on the Boches with rifles and fists. One of them, "Bill" Marvin, of 529 Union avenue, accounted for at- least one Boche and has sent home evidence to prove it. At the Custom House there arrived yesterday, consigned to "Bill's" brother, Myron, a German helmet. A letter that preceded, the helmet informed Myron that "Bill" had removed a German head there from shortly after the battle at Cam brai., As will be remembered, the Cam hai engagement waa practically the 0 TORTURE AMERICAN PRISONERS POLAND to WAR UPO RUSSIAN Bolsheviki and Latest Foe Have Their First Clash. London, Feb. 1 News has reached Kiev from Minsk that the Polish legion has declared war against the Bolsheviki, a Renter dispatch front Petrograd says: The report of the Polish le gion's action also is forwarded by the Petrograd correspondent of the Exchange Telegraph Co. who says that, according to a tel egram from Minsk, the Bolshevi ki have attacked a Polish divis ion under Gen. Ottapovitch. Heavy fighting occurred. The Polish commander in-chief tele graphed the commander on the western front that a state of war existed between the Polish army and the Bolsheviki. In the ancient Tartar capital of Bakhtchlsarai . representatives of the Crimean Tartars have held a constituent assembly and issued adeclaratlon of the establishment of an autonomous Crimean re public. The entire population of the Crimea and the soldiers' and workmen's deputies are said to have acknowledged the new re public. An epidemic has broken out in Crimea. APRIL TO BRING BUSINESS HOURS BACK TO NORMAL Bridgeport's merchants, saloon keepers and' amusement house man agers will fall back to their normal schedule of hours on or about 'April 15, according to Fuel Administrator Carl F, Siemon, who today said the orders would not prevail when the days are longer and heat is no longer needed in these establishments. The curtailing of hours has caused great financial losses to practically every place of business effected by the fuel conservation orders. Saloon keepers report a falling oft amounts ranging from $100 to $800 in the receipts of last week, while the hour's business lost by the dry goods merchants each day has resulted in proportionate losses. With the busiest one hour and one- half of the day clipped off, proprietors of pool rooms and bowling alleys re port their cash registers have been hit hard. NATURALIZATIONS HOLD UP TRIAL OF R. R. DAMAGE CASE Trial of the suit of Lillian N. Sher wood of Fairfield against the New York, New Haven & Hartford Rail road Co. for damages of $15,000 for injuries received in June, 1916, when she was struck by a lantern which fell from a passing train will be resumed February 12. Next week the time of the court will be taken up with naturalization peti tions, about 300 new applications com ing before the court.. About 100 of these have been continued from other sessions for various reasons. first in which Americans were engag ed. A section of the railway regi ment of the American Engineer force, to which "Bill" Marvin is attached, went to the assistance of British allies who were hard pressed by n enemy attack. The American engineers hopped to it with rifles, where they were handy, and with fists where rifles were lacking. There were a few casualties on the American side. "Bill" Marvin was right in the thick of the fray. When the smoke cleared away he hunted a souvenir of the occasion. A dead Boche's helmet '.ooked good to him. At some risk to himself, he laboriously pried a hel met from the upper end of a Boche (Continued on Pace !-) CITY'S CO Situation More Optimis tic and Board Prays for Good Weather to Continue. Bridgeport's coal situation, both on the domestic and indus trial sides, is beginning to get relief and is better than it has been at any time since Decem ber 1. This city has three days' supply on hand, but the danger point has not been passed. It is reported that the Bassick Co., employing several hundred men, would have to lay off its employes if its coal supply was not replenished today. The situation does not cease to- be critical, 'because a storm wouid raise havoc with shipments scheduled to arrive here within the next few days. Fuel Administrator Carl F. Siemon has received more reports of loading barges .and cars in the last few days than at any time during- the last month. Sworn statements revealing1 the fact that Bridgeport's supply of haid coal fell off 140,000 tons during- the last year were released for publication to day by Administrator Siemon. The figures show that the city's normal yearly consumption is 350,000 tons and during the year 210,388 tons were re ceived. The arrival of approximately 2,500 tons of hard coal yesterday and ,t- daiy and the promise of further ship ments have greatly relieved the do mestic situation. The bituminous situation shows little change. Administrtor Siemon has been rep rimanded by State Administrator Rus sell for making appeals direct to Washington instead of through hii office. It started over Siemon's request to the government for an immediate supply of soft coal for the Bridgeport Gas Light Co. The message sent Wed nesday was as follows: "Situation in Bridgeport is so critical that I am wiring you direct instead of through Russell. Bridgeport Gas Light Co.has only four days' supply ahead. Can you not arrange to have 10 or 20 cars shipped in for their immediate needs? T have done all I possibly can do. Won't you please wire me?" The message had the desired effect as 2,0 carloads arrived yesterday. The shipment was taken from the surplus supply of the New Haven railroad at the government's demand. KING ALFONSO TO PROTEST SINKING OF STR. GIRALDE Madrid, Feb. 1 The cabinet met yesterday under the presidency of King Alfonso and decided to send a strong protest to Germany, demand ing reparation to Spain for the sink ing of the steamer Giralda, The note will not be sent through Prince von Ratibor, the German ambassador here, but will be telegraphed direct to the Spanish ambassador in Berlin. CZERNTN ASSURED WILSON AUSTRIANS ARE ON THE LEVEL London, Feb. 1 It is known posi tively, according to a dispatch from Berne to the Daily Mail, that Count Czernin, the Austro-Hungarian for eign minister, through private inter mediaries, has sent message after message to President Wilson, assur ing him of the sincerity and guileless ness of Austrian diplomacy. JAIL SOCIALISTS FOR HAMPERING ARMY DRAFT LAW Cleveland. Feb. l.'K:. B. Ruther burg. Socialist candidate for mayor of Cleveland; Alfred Wagenknecht, state secretary; and paries Baker, state organizer of the Socialist party, con victed in the federal court of hamper ing the army draft law, were taken to Canton, O.. today, to serve a one year sentence tn the workhouse. AL SUPPLY B : SEIZURE OF . R. COAL URGED Labor Leader Declares New Haven Is Hoarding 500,000 Tons. . Boston, Feb. Jl Edward F. McGrady, president of the Boston Central Labor union, last night sent a telegram to President Wil son charging that the New York, New Haven & Hartford railroad wae aoarding more than 500, 000 tons of surplus coal and asking that some of tills supply ho seized for essential indus tries. New England today was still conserving its scant supply of coal and carefully distributing the small amounts that arrived by rail and water with the prospect that measures taken by the fuel administration would not bring relief until the middle of next week. In Boston dealers were not allowed to deliver coal to office . buildings, stores and factories, an order to this effect which expired this morning having been extend ed for two days by the city com mittee. WEALTHY WOMEN GAMBLERS GARRY DOGS FOR LUCK New York, Feb. 1 Luxurious gambling establishments known to be frequented by wealthy women and lo cated in fashionable residential sec tions of the city are to be investi gated through taking of testimony in open court sessions, it was announced today by the district attorney's of fice. The inquiry is expected to be gin next week. Information in the prosecutor's possession, according to an assistant attorney, shows that the wife of one prominent New Yorker lost $10,000 within two hours in one 'of these places. On the upper west side there arc more than 40 splendidly appointed gambling places to which women mo tor every afternoon, taking their ped igreed dogs with them as mascots, and are served with tea and often stronger beverages while they engage in games of chance, according to the district attorney's information. Evi dence that the proprietors of these houses are guilty of crooked prac tices in dealing with the patrons will be adduced at the inquiry, it was said. "Pedigreed dogs," Assistant District Attorney Smith declared, "are said to be regarded as mascots by the feminine gamblers. The story reach ing me today is that the women often bet their heads off if they think their pets are mascotting successfully against the mascotting of another woman's dog." " ICE FREES 20,000 TONS Vineyard Haven, Mass., Feb. 1 Four tugs towing 11 barges loaded with 20,000 tons of coal for Boston and nearby points left here today, af ter being held in port by ice ajnee Sunday. The fleet is due in Boston tomorrow. NAVAL RESERVE FORCE BIGGER THAN OLD NAVY Annapolis, Md., Feb. 1. The United Status naval reserve force, now em bracing 9,000.men and 7,800 officers, "is larger than the regular navy when war was declared and three times as largu as in the Spanish-American war," Secretary Daniels declared to day in addressing the special gradu ation class of 300 reserve officers at the naval academy. "This is a wonderful record for a service authorized IS months ago," the secretary continued, "and its cre ation has made possible many phases of the deversified work the navy has been called upon to do." Mr. Daniels told the young officers, who have successfully completed the ! prescribed 14 week course, that when t 5 CAPTURED TO STAND No Food or Rest for Yan: kees Who Fall Into Hands of German Troops. With the American Army in France, Thursday, Jan. 31 (By the Associated Press) All American prisoners cap tured by the Germans are to be kept in cages four days with out food and compelled to stand all the time. At the end of the four-day period only small quantities of food are to be given: American Officers at the front have come into possession of documents said to have been taken from Germans opposite our positions and which deal with the treatment to be accorded captives. The documents say all prisoners .including commissioned prisoners, including commissioned be subjected to the same tortures. Although definite information on the1 point is lacking, some American officers today expressed the belief that the , order resulted from the dif ficulties the Germans probably found in extracting information from the first American prisoners captured in November. Such treatment of pris oners, it is felt, could be designed only to make them give up military information. BOARD OF RELIEF HAS BIG RUSH OF PROPERTY OWNERS More than 100 property owners greeted the Board of Relief during the first hour of its first session in the tax commissioners office today and protested against their increased prop erty valuations. The office was filled all day and it is estimated that more than 300 applications for reductions were made. The board will hold an other meeting tomorrow. EVACUATION OF RUSSIAN FRONT STILL GOES ON Amsterdam, Feb. 1 A war cor respondent of the Dusseldorf Nach richten reports that the portions of the Russian front which have been entirely evacuated are growing in ex tent. The trenches are falling to pieces. The posts which were used for wire entanglements are being burned as firewood. The disbanding of "some military units is in progress south of the Pripet region. Artillerymen are selling their horses, the correspondent says. Sol diers guarding the road to Lutsk no longer demand passports, but require the payment of a toll of 20 roubles for every vehicle. they leftAnnaptlis today they would find important assignments awaiting them and- their achievements would depend upon themselves. The ideal of the navy in war, the secretary said, was contained in Ben jamin Franklin's order to the navy's first captain, John Raul Jones, to show at all times a "tender regard for non-combatants." "If you wish to find the difference in America's method of warfare and Germany's, it is embodied, in Frank lin's instruction to Jones," Mr. Dan iels, "for the American regards war as a tragedy." . . Much of the secretary's, address was taken up with a recital 'of the bril (Continued on Page Ten.) 1 POLICEMAN LOST LIFE WHEN STRIKERS TRIED TO HALT STREET CARS German Newspaper Admits 180,000 Workers Walked Out Dozen Strikers Injured in Street Fighting and Women Participated Say Scheidemann Plays Trotzky's Game. r Amsterdam, Feb. 1 Reports from Berlin, received in this city today admit that serious riots tooft place in the city yester day. One policeman was killed, another seriously injured and a dozen strikers were hurt. The most serious riot of the day oc curred in the northwestern pari? of Berlin in which the police man was killed. Assisted by women, mobs of strikers attempted to tie up all street car traffic when they were charged by the police and fighting ensued. There were minor disturbances, Berlin ad mits, in other suburbs of the city, but the press asserts that the outbreaks in Berlin have reached a climax and the strike move ment is dintegrating. YANKEE PLATOON SHOWED BRAVERY IN GERMAN RAID With the American Army in France, Thursday, Jan. 31 (By the Associated Press) Conditions were quiet on the American sector all day today because of the fog, which to night showed no sign of abating. Be yond a few shots from both sides at registered targets there was very lit tle artillery firing. There was vir tually no infantry activity. Additional details of yesterday's raid show only the heroism of the pla toon in the trenches nearest the lis tening post raided prevented the ene my from entering the trenches and. perhaps, capturing prisoners. As soon as the barrage fire lifted the platoon came out of its dugouta and stepped to the firing platforms. Their rifle fire held off a superior number of Germans who tried to ap proach. When the enemy saw the Americans were determined to hold the position they withdrew into the fog. Later several bloody enemy rifles and other equipment were found- beyond the American posi tion. EL PASO REPORTS NEW REVOLT IN SONORA DISTRICT El Paso, Tex., Feb. 1 Rumors of a new movement against the Mexican government in the state of Sonora were current here today. Jose Obregon, a brother of Gen. Alvaro Obregon, former minister of war, is said to be the leader of the new movement, which it is reported. has been joined by a large number of Yaqui Indians. The suppression of this revolt was said to be the reason for sending 1,000 federal troops to Sonora from Chi huahua, recently. GERMANS DETAIN FIVE AMERICANS LEAVING BELGIUM Washington, Feb. 1. Five Ameri cans in Belgium have been denied by the German authorities the right to leave that country and go into Hol land. Inquiry into the detention is made. The case is the first of its kind re ported to the State Department and it is believed that the German authori ties in Belgium, under the impression that Germans are detained in the United States, have taken the action as a retaliatory measure. MISSISSIPPI BOATS CLING TO BANKS TO ESCAPE FLOES (Memphis, Feb. 1. Gorge ice from the Jam at 'Richardson's ' Landing, 50 miles above this -city, which began passing here early this morning was moving down the Mississippi river rapidly today with craft of all kinds hugging the banks in sheltered an chorages. The river here rose about three feet over night to a stage of 14.5 feet. PRESIDENT AND DOMINANT PARTY LEADERS CONFER Washington, Feb. 1 At a confer ence with a dozen Republican and Democratic senators whom he sum moned to the White House today Pres ident Wilson reiterated his opposition to the pending bills to create a super war cabinet and ay director of muni tions, contending that they would hamper him in the conduct of the war and that they were unnecessary., The riots of yesterday are attrib uted by officials and the newspapers- to the anger of the strikers on real izing that the movement was doomed to an early failure. The German press generally agrees that the dem onstrations show a lack of central? ized control. Teuton dispatches reaching this city claim that the strike movement is not spreading; that it is not finding the support necessary to carry it along and that the chief industrial sections of Germany have been little affected by the strikes. The Socialist party committee met in Berlin on Wednesday evening to decide on the attitude of the party in view of the extension of the strike. The committee considered a -program which, the Vossische Zeitung says, was regarded as offering: a suitable, basis for negotiations with the "gov ernraerit The program was restricted to political demands affecting- domes tic affairs, omitting reference to the desires in regard to the foreign policy expressed by the strikers. The com mittee also considered measures to prevent the incitement of a strike of bakers. The trade unions are declining to pay out strike benefits. As an indi cation cf the lack of centralized direc tion, it is Mid that only a few of the big plants of Berlin were forced to suspend operations completely. The governing board of the Social Democratic party announced yester day that it had not taken over the management of the strike. The trade unions, thorugh the general commis sion, also disclaimed responsibility, (Continued on Page 10) TOTES REVOLVER AND FLASHLIGHT, GETS 4 MONTHS Harris M. Gares, 32, of Lynn, Mass., arrested last night by Patrolman Thomas Burns, on Water street and charged with carrying concealed weapons, today was fined $1 and costs and given a sentence of four months in jail by Judge Wilder in the city court. When arrested Gares had in his possession a 38 calibre revolver and a flashlight. He could give no sattafae- ' tory reason for having them. In imposing a sentence of foW months Judge Wilder was holding good to his word that he would in flict severe penalties upon gun totera i in Bridgeport. BERNARD BARUCH MAY TAKE POST LEFT BY WILLARD WiahinfTtnTi. !Peh- 1. AnnointTnent of Bernard M. Baruoh as chairman of the war industry board to succeed Daniel Willard, resigned, appeared1 nrnhahlA tniiav. Mr. Baruch is a mpmhr nf the board and has been in charge of the purchase of raw mate rials. DIVERT COAL TO USE OF VESSELS TffiD UP IN ICE St. Louis, Feb. 1. More than 1,000. tons of coal from mines in Tennessee ' was rushed to various points along; the Mississippi river today to be used by boats caught in the ice floe that for. several days has swept down stream. Orders diverting the coal were issued by the St, Louis Fuel Committee. GENERAL STRIKE FOR THREE DAYS SWEEPS MUNICH I X London, Feb. 1 A Ihree-dav strike has bepn dpclar" Munich, according to a Utn.. News dispatch from Amster dam todav.