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. For Bridgeport and vi cinity: Rain and slightly warmer tonight; Wednesday clearing and somewhat colder The Want Columns Classified advertising In this newspaper is effectlva, no matter what you may de sire to advertise. Try It once and see. 111 and Evening Farmer VOL. 54 NO. 4:3 EST. 1790 BEIDGEPOET, CONK, TUESDAY, FEB. 19, 1918 PRICE TWO CENTS u u uiJirQ u u U J g IF TANKS AND NEW MYSTERIOUS GAS WILL BE TRIED BY GERMANS IN OFFENSIVE, SAY PRISONERS TAKEN BY ENGLISH MEN NOT EAGER FOR THE INITIATIVE. British Army Headquarters in France, Feb. 19 (By the Associated Press) The great German offensive on the western front is expected to begin on the sector between Arras and St. Quentin. Tanks and "a new mysterious gas" will be employed by the enemy in the attempt to break through the Allied line. Other attacks will be delivered farther south. . These facts have become known through captured German prisoners and other channels. Field Marshal von Hindenburg and Gen. von Ludendorft appear to have realized that the old methods of at tack, in which a long bombardment ia employed, are too well known to pro duce the results desired. Despite assurances and the intens ive training to which they have been put, the German troops frankly are skeptical of the success of the new offensive and are undertaking their task with no .enthusiasm, according to prisoners. It is reported that Gen. von Luden dorff recently addressed a body of Infantry at Loan and asked how many men were willing to fight to a finish. Only five non-commissioned officers and privates stepped forward. The others declared their desire for an early peace by "arrangement." ilFT EMBARGOES OF TWO OF BIG EASTERN ROADS Washington, Feb. 19 Freight con ditions are so much better in the East that the railroad administration announces today that It had been able to lift the embargo restrictions on several important articles of small bulk contributing to production of food, fuel or the maintenance of health. Although this modification applies formally only to the Pennsylvania, Erie and Baltimore & Ohio, on which the official embargo has been impos ed for more than a month, the effect will be automatically to remove local restrictions on other roads, connect ing with these trunk lines. Railroads were instructed to em bargo consignees who do not unload freight promptly on arrival, subject to the approval of the regional di rector. E. J. Henry of Chicago, western traffic manager for the Lehigh Val ley, assumed today his new duties as manager of Great Lake transporta tion lines operated by railroads. He will work under the direction of W. H. Pleasants, manager of marine transportation for the railroad admin istration. ASK RUMANIA FOR INDEMNITY Amsterdam, Feb. 19. Peace terms ofTered to Rumania by Germany, the Nieuste Nachrichten of Leipzig says, must Include the surrender of the Do Ibnidja to Bulgaria. Germany also must demand an indemnity of an eco nomic kinidi especially as to raw ma terials. WANTS $10,000 FROM CONN. CO. Edward Marshall, as administrator on the estate of Thomas Broadley, has filed suit in the Superior court against the Connecticut Co. for $10,000 dam ages for the death of Broadley. According to the complaint Broad ley, the evening of May 4, 1917, was crossing Stratford avenue near Kos suth street, and was struck by a trol ley cai going east in that street. He died a short time later from his in ' juries. Negligence in the operation of ' the trolley car is alleged. WHEAT INCREASE BILL APPROVED Washington. Feb. 19 A favorable report on the Gore bill to Increase the minimum price for wheat of the 1918 crop from $2 to $2.50 a bushel was made today by the Senate agriculture commlttM. TEN OF GERMAN RAIDING PLANES SENT TO EARTH London, Feb. 19 Ten German aero planes were brought down and six others were disabled by British air men on Sunday, according to an offi cial statement on aerial activities is sued last night. Hundreds of bombs have been dropped on various targets and on Monday British airmen raided Thiers and Tremonville. First reports from outlying parts of London say the gun defense never was more effective than on Monday night, when it prevented German aerial raid ers from reaching London. The Ger mans were engaged hotly. Eventually the raiders made off toward the east coast. German fliers again last night took advantage of the moonlight to attempt to drop bombs on London. The fire of barrage guns on the outskirts of London was heavy for tvo hours. "There were no casualties or dam age in last night's air raid," says an official announcement. RUMANIA NOT YET PARLEYING Amsterdam, Feb. 19 Peace nego tiations with Rumania, a telegram from Berlin says, it is understood, have not yet begun. They probably will commence Friday when Dr. von Kuehlmann. the foreign secretary, likely will arrive in Fokshani to take charge of the German negotiations. BRITISH TENSION NOW RELAXED London, Feb. 19 Tension in the po litical world in connection with mill tary affairs has relaxed considerably. This is due largely to the acceptance by Gen. Robertson, former chief of the imperial general staff, of the eas tern command, which removed anxiety lest his services be lost to the country- The eastern is a first class command with all the highest emolu ments and is especially important as it would likely be the first to be affect ed by any attempted German inva sion. CENSORING PAPERS AT HUN FRONTIER Geneva, Switzerland, Feb. 19 The ban that several weeks ago was plac ed on British, French and Italian newspapers at the German frontier now has been removed and these pub lications are allowed to ..nter Ger many. American newspapers also are admitted, but are carefully cen sored, especially those articles con cerning the activities of American troops in France. APHASIA VICTIM MUCH IMPROVED Peter Gober. of 21 Clinton avenue, was brought to Police Headquarters last night suffering from an attack of aphasia. He was found' about half after Eix last night on the front porch of Dr. Edward W. Dupee, at 733 State street, -by Patrolmen Keegan and Sal mon, who finding him acting in a pe culiar mariner brought him to the Emergency Hospital where his case was diagnosed as aphasia and he was sent to Hil'side. It was learned today that the man is a patient of Dr. Dupee, rho has b.'en his phyrklan for some time. Hij condition today is much improved and it la 6aid the attack was of a yerj temporary natur California Senator Is Against Temporary Control Plan. NATION TIRED OF PRIVATE BUNGLING Railways Have Broken Down Under Increase of Traffic. Washington, Feb. 19 Per manent ownership of railroads rather than government control for the period of the war, was advocated by Senator Johnson of California today in a speech opposing the Senate draft of the administration's railroad bill. "I would now take the Inevitable next step in government control of our railroads," Senator Johnson de clared, "and do whatever might be essential to make that government control permanent government own ership, or at least leave the way open so that immediately on the termina tion of the war we might follow to its logical conclusion what already we have partly done." The California senator protested vig orously the proposed .rate of compen sation to be paid to the railroads un der the provisions of the bill and op posed the senate's plan to turn the railroads back to private management IS months after the conclusion of peace. In support of his declaration for government ownership Senator John son said that the railroads had broken down under the stress of the last few months; that, if the country is to have efficient national transportation the roads must be nationalized and oper ated by one directing head; that the American people have "paid the price of private ownership" and that "de spite barriers and obstacles, the na tion is marching straight to the goal of public ownership, anidi the people at last will come into their own. "What this proposed rate means' added Senator Johnson, is that the interest on the outstanding bonds of the railroads will be paid in accord ance with the interest rates now fixed: it means, in addition, that on the stock of the railroads of the coun try will be paid by the government of the United States something in excess of 8 per cent, per annum; it means that this percentage in excess of 8 per cent, per annum is paid on all the stock of all the railroads; it moans that this percentage (and I am speaking only of the minimum) shall be paid by the people of the United States not only on the legiti mate issues of the stock of railroad corporations but on every issue of stock that has been illegitimately is sued watered stock estimated at al most 50 per cent, of the total stock of these corporations stock repre senting nothing but the greed and the avarice of railroad magnates." Senator Johnson digressed from his discussion of the railroad legislation to express his approval of President Wilson's recent stand against secret diplomacy and the president's policy of addressing congress from time to time in "the open forum of the world." Senator Johnson referred to the .work of the senate commerce com mittee, of which he is a member, and its investigation of the shipping sit uation. Regarding the Hog Island, Pa., inquiry, he asserted: "In one of the contracts entered by the govenment that with the Amer ican International Co. a state of af fairs beggaring description has de veloped. The evidence demonstrates a wild saturnalia of extravagance; a brilliant phantasmagoria of patriotic pretense. And tne puy ana me sname of it are that those who, with a cheer ful and almost studied disregard for every principle of economy, are wast ing the money of the tax payers Sre some of the great captains of indus try of the nation." FLYER BURNED IN FLAMING PLANE Dallas, Tex., Feb. 19 Victor L. Dennis, flying cadet at Love field, was probably fatally burned today when his aeroplane burst into flames while he was attempting to make a landing. Dennis' home is in Detroit. PJ INDEMNITY OF EUSS Germany in Brest-Litovsk Parley Wanted Annexa tion Also. London, Feb. 19 A dispatch to the Times from Petrograd under date of Feb. 15 quotes Leon Trot zky, the Bolshevik foreign minis ter, as declaring in his report on the ending of the negotiations at Brest-Litovsk that the German terms included the retention of Poland, Lithuania, Riga and Moon island and an indemnity of 800, 000 pounds, presumably in gold. The Daily News has a dispatch from Petrograd dated Feb. 13 re-' porting typhus spreading in that city, with 60 per cent, of the cases fatal. The epidemic was attribut ed to starvation conditions and the return of soldiers whose cloth ing presumably carried the germs of infection. Nearly 600 cases of the disease are reported in one hospital and the infection is said to have spread through lack of . disinfection of clothing and of the cabs in which the sick were taken to the hospital. COSSACK HITMAN, GEN. KALEDINES KILLED HIMSELF Petrograd, Friday. Feb. 15 Gen Kaledmes, hetman of the Don Cos sacks, committed suicide at Novo Tcherkask, headquarters of the Don Cossacks, during a session of the Novo Tcherkask government which he at tended. The government decided to I resign and transfer tis power to the local workmen's and soldiers' council. After the decision Gen. Kaledines went to an adjoining room and shot him self. Gen. Nazaroff, -who succeeded Gen. Kaledines as leader of the Don Cos sacks, ordered the immediate mobi lization and arming of all Cossacks t oflght the Bolsheviki troops advanc ing toward Novo Tcherkask. As leader of the Don Cossacks Gen. Kaledines was opposed to the Bol sheviki and he was the leader of the counter revolt against the Bolsheviki early last December. On Jan. 1 the republic of the Don was declared with Gen. Kaledines as president and prime minister. It probably was the resig nation of this government that led to his suicide. In five weeks during June and July, 1916, Russian troops under Gen. Kale dines captured 20,000 prisoners in an advance in "Volhynia. He was elect ed leader of the Don Cossacks in July, 1917. TROTZKY UNIQUE IN REPUDIATION OF ALLIED DEBT Petrograd, Friday, Feb. 13 The protest made by Allied and neutral diplomatic representatives against the repudiation of Rus sia's national debt by the Bol shevik government, Foreign Min ister Trotzky intimated to the Central executive committee of All-Russian workmen's and sol diers' congress last night, indi cated connection with the Ger man imperialists. He said: The protest of all the ambassa dors against the nullification of loans locks around us a ring of international imperialists." The protest presented to For eign Minister Trotzky by the diplomats reads: "In order to avert all misun derstanding in the future, the representatives in Petrograd of all' foreign powers declare that they consider the decrees on the subject of the repudiation of the Russian national debt, the confis cation of property of all sorts and other amalagous measures as without value inasmuch as they concern their nationals, and the said representatives reserve to themselves the right to claim at any hour they desire from the Russian government damages for all losses which the decrees and measures pot upon their nationals." PRIEST IS CHARGED Charge Factory Worker Was One of Men Who Killed Clergyman. ARREST SCHRAMM AT LOCAL PLANT Robbery Motive Which Actuated Slaying of Pole Curate. With the arrest of Mike Sghramm today on the charge of homicide Detective Captain Gronan believes that he has cleared up a murder mystery which-has puzzled the police heads of the entire county since the night of August 24, 1915, when the Rev. Father Kayser, a Polish priest was shot and kill ed in Gary, Indiana. Schramm, who has resided at 138 Pierpont street since last September under the alias of Michael Lowes, has, according to acquaintances, been the victim of a tormented conscience. At times he has been steeped in the depths of gloom, while at other times he forced himself to be the most hi larious of a party. Ever since the night of the tragedy Captain Cronan has taken an inter est in the case, but the meager details sent out from Gary were not suffi cient to go upon, and it was only after weeks of waiting that he was able to get sufficient details to warrant him in arresting Schramm. According to the history of the crime. Father Kayser was in his study at the rectory attached to his church shortly before midnight Aug ust 24, counting the proceeds of a charity bazaar which had been held in aid of the orphanage under his charge. He forgot to close the shut ters of the window and two men peer ing through the glass watched his every move. Fearing to keep such a large sum" of money in the house the clergyman put it in a bag and leaving the rec tory wended his way to the nearby convent where there was a strong vault and where he knew the funds would be safe until banking hours next day. He had not got more than 200 feet (Continueu on Page 2.) INQUIRY AT HOG ISLAND LAUNCHED Washington, Feb. 19 Investigation of all phases of enormous expendi tures in the building of the govern ment ship yard on Hog Island, Pa., has been started by Secret Service men, and other agents of the depart ment of justice. On the return to Washington today of Attorney General Gregory it be came known that Solicitor General Davis acting in his absence, had launched the inquiry ordered by Pres ident Wilson. The President took a hand in the situation after evidence before the Senate commerce committee had brought to light expenditures exceed ing by millions the original estimates of the Hog- Island plant, being built by the American International Ship Building Co. Before that United States Attorney Francis F. Kane had been instructed by the attorney-general to inquire into reports of ex orbitant salaries paid at the plant. FINDS FELICE IS GUILTY OF DEATH George Felice is held criminally re sponsible by Coroner J. J. Phelan for the death of Guiseppe Quattone of South Norwalk, who died February 11 from the effect of bullet wounds due to a shot fired by Felice in a quarrel. Felice has not been appre hended. , Quattone, 25 years old, and Felice, about 18, quarreled "over a relative of Quattone who had' been sliding on the ice near the home of Felice. There are some features which might indi cate self-defense, but although - rela tives of Felice promised to produce him before the coroner yesterday he failed to appear. The finding has bean sent to the prosecuting officers and attempt will be made to trace Felice and bring him before the courts. '' ' wAnmrn WNFA GOVERN BEEN I LENINE AND TROTZKY SAID TO HAVE ESCAPED TO RIGA RUMANIAN SAILORS REVOLT AND JOIN B OLSHE VEKI GEN, ALEXIEFF OF BOURGEOIS BEATEN AND IN FLIGHT. LATE WAR BULLETINS Berlin, Feb. 19, via London German forces have entered Dvinsk, it was officially announced today by the German war office. The Russians unsuccessfully attempted to blow up the bridge across the Dvina river. The German army group under command of Gen. Alexander von Linsingen, according to an official statement issued by the Austrian war office, has oc cupied the Russian town of Lutsk, in Volhynia, with out fighting. ' According to Vienna dispatches Leon Trotsky, the Bolsheviki foreign minister, has forwarded a wire- -less message to Count Czernin, the Austrian foreign minister, -reading : "The German government having re-established a state of war with Russia without even giving the seven, -' days' previous notice, I have the honor to ask you to inform me whether the Austro-Hungarian government also considers itself in a state of war with Russia and if not, whether it believes it possible to reach a practical realization of the agreements worked out at Petro grad." London, Feb. 19 The Bolsheviki government in Petrograd has been routed by the Social Revolutionists and Nikolai Lenine and Leon Trotzky, have fled the city and escaped to Riga, ac cording to reports received in Vasa, Finland, a city located on the only railroad line between Swedish frontier. SUSAN BENNETT'S PECULIAR WILL IS FILED TODAY Providing her Creator allowed her self and. husband to die natural deaths. Susan I. Bennett of TrumDuu, specifies in her will filed in the Pro bate court today that her estate shall be given to the Methodist Episcopal church of Nichols at her husband's death, but if she and her husband met violent deaths at the same time, the will says, the estate would have been devised to an individual. Mrs. Bennett died on February 5 and her husband survives. She left an estate estimated to be worth be tween $7,000 and $10,000. Having' died a natural death, according to the will, her homestead is bequeathed to the'husband, Edgar R. Bennett, who is also given life use of the remaining real estate and personal property. At the husband's death, tne win directs, the estate shall be held in trust for the Methodist Episcopal church of Nichols for the creation of a fund to be known as the Birdsey Cur tis (her maiden name) fund. In event both had met violent deaths at the same time, the property would have been given to Alice F. Reed, wife of Herbert Reed of Trumbulll. A sister of the testatrix, Augusta ?Vade, of 208 Ogden street, is not mentioned in the will. The document was drawn on June 5, 1904. Edgar R. Bennett is named executor. C. H. Minor and Arthur Lockley were appointed ap praisers by Judge Paul L. Miller. AUSTRIA-SWISS FRONTIER CLOSED BY AUSTRIANS Berne, Switzerland, Feb. 19 The Swiss-Austrian , frontier again has been completely closed by the Aus trian authorities. BOMB EXPLODES IN COURTHOUSE Paterson, X. J., Feb. 19. A bomb was exploded in the rotunda of the Passaic county court house here to day. A number of persons were slightly hurt by falling glass and plaster. ; JMENT MS Petrograd and Tornes on the Dispatches from Petrograd state that Rumania has perfected an alli ance with the Ukraine government, their military forces have joined hands and the amalgamated armies including a number of Ukrainian reg iments and several battalions of Rus sian troops, in command of General Stcherbarcheff, have occupied Kishi nev, capital of Bessarabia. The sailors of the Rumanian cruiser squadron have revolted and joined hands with the Bolsheviki. A num ber of the rebellious sailors were cap tured and promptly executed by order of General Stcherbarcheff. Following dispatches from the re volt torn country, indicate that GeJb Alexieff, defeated at Rostov anidi VoTr . onesh, has fled to Kove Tcherkask, in the Don territory. During the recent bloody events in Kiev, Gen. Ivanoft, former commander of Russian forces on the southwestern front was killed. M. Tchernoff, reported head of the movement which overthrew the Bol sheviki, is the leader of the Social Revolutionists and was chairman of the short-lived Constituent Assembly. He served as minister of Agriculture in , the Kerensky government during last July and August. Tchernoff has been a strong advocate of land reform and has been aligned with the Minimalists. The manner in which Germany played off the Ukraine against the Bol sheviki is regarded as a characteristic example of German diplomatic tradi tion. It is felt that the Ukrainian call for German help has been issued at Germany's instigation to give her a plausible pretext for taking advantage (Continued on Page 2) ' SPAIN AGAIN IN PROTEST TO HUNS Madrid, Feb. 19 Further represen tations to Germany respecting subma rine warfare will be made by Spain in a note in preparation by Premier Alhucemas and on which the cabinet will pass tomorrow. The note will take up the torpedoing of the Spanish steamer Ceferino near the Ferro is lands early this month and of the Duca di Genova in Spanish territorial waters. ELECTRIC CHAIR , FOR CHOIR BOY New Tork, Feb. 19 Paul Chap man, a IS year old choir boy, was sentenced to death in the electric chair in Sing Sing prison by Supreme Court Justice Isaac M. Kapper today. Unless Gov. Whitman intervenes by commuting the sentence to life im prisonment the boy will die some time during the firit week in April. Chap man was convicted of killing a Brook lyn shop keeper while attempting, with two other youths, to rob hia store .' '