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0, o jl The Weather Report For Bridgeport and vi cinity: Fair and continued cold tonight and Friday. VOL. 51 NO. 45 EST. 1790 LACK OP YANKEE MACHINES AT FRONT MAKES PERSHING'S MEN UNPROTECTED TARGETS OF HUNS TROOPS HELPLESS AS AERO TURNS MACHINE GUN ON THEM. With the American Army in France, Feb. 20 (By the As sociated Press) Control of the air in the American sector be longs to the enemy. Any officer at the front will make this declaration all have made it. The control is obvious. German aeroplanes come and go over the American lines almost at will. Every time the Germans come over their path through the sky is followed by fleecy shrapnel puffs, but the chances of hit ting an aeroplane with anti-aircraft shells is so remote that the enemy aviators calmly fly along as if on a pleasure trip. Every now and then aeroplanes on this side attack the enemy. They always do this when they get a chance. But the boche is clever while flying and manages to come over and take pictures, make observ ations and do virtually whatever else he desires and then calmly sail home without interruption. Nearly always he is at an altitude of about 3,000 metres where he is comparatively safe from anti-aircraft fire and knows it. It is not permitted to name any of ficers of the American expeditionary force. It is not permitted to quote them. If both were allowed it would be possible to carry quotations from virtually every officer at the front urg ing a speedy appearance of large numbers of American aeroplanes with American pilots. For there is only one way to wrest control of the air from the enemy. That is to fight him for it in the sky and to relieve him of it by force of overwhelming numbers. Right now, if the Germans knew American aeroplanes were waiting for them every time they came ovei the line their trips would be less fre quent. Neither would they dare to attempt such a bold piece of work as when they recently flew over th line in an aeroplane disguised with the Allies' red, white and blue bulls eye marking and cut loose with a ma chine gun on American soldiers in the trenches. Had there been American planes nearby the chances of the Germans fretting back home after such a trick would be small. And it is extremely doubtful, officers say, whether they (Continued on Page 16.) SIEM SEEKS ABOUT 0 : ABLY OLD CONSERVATION MEASURE IN VIEW OF LENGTHENING OF DAYIGHT HOURS DOES LITTLE GOOD AND IS INJURING. RUSINESS OF CITY. Garfield Mondays having been abolished, Local Fuel Ad ministrator Carl F. Simon recommends rescinding the gover nor's proclamation, regarding ahortened business days for sa loons, merchants, and places of amusement. AGREE TO OPEN SHOP IN REPAIR OF LOCOMOTIVES Washington, Feb. 21 To hasten repair work on locomotives and rail road rolling stock, an agreement .in volving lengthening of working hours, promotion of apprentices and helpers and maintenance of open shop condi tions has been reached between Direc tor General McAdoo and A. C. Whar ton, president of the railway employes department of the American Federa tion of Labor. The agreement af fecU more than 300,000 workmen. , STIIJj SERIOUSLY ILL Deputy City Auditor Henry Waters continues to be critically 111 athis homo in Elmwood place. BRITISH TROOPS TRUMPETING AT JERICHO WALLS London. Feb. 21 A further ad vance of three and a half miles on a front of seven and three-quarters miles bas been made by the Brit ish forces in Palestine, the war oflice announces. The British arc now within four miles of Jericho. The operations are continued. The British losses on Tuesday when an advance was made on a 15 mile front cast of Jerusalem were very small. Yesterday's losses have not been reported. The British also advanced northwest of Jerusalem to a maxi mum depth of one mile on a front of four miles. AMOROUS UNCLE GETS TRIMMING George D Mugerichin, of 193 Bun nelll street, complained to the police today that when he visited his nephew, Mike Krikorian, at his home, 1ST Hol- ley street, last night, he was set upon by Krikorian and his wife, beaten, tied hand and foot and robbed of $250. When the police investigated Krik orian a.nd his wife denied the charge and allege that De Mugerichin had made himself so obnoxious at their home by his persistent love making to Mrs. Krikorian that a sound thrash ing was administered to him when he called last night. Because of the lengthened days." Siemon says, "the conservation meas ure is doing little good now, but working a hardship upon scores of merchants." The administrator has appealed to officials at Hartford, asking exemp tion for Bridgeport business men on the ground that tbey have done more toward fuel conservation than any other group of business men in any city ot town in the state. Siemon points out that before the governor's proclamation was issued local bodies had formulated regulations of their own, which were more favorable t(p fuel conservation than the hours set by the governor. The local administrator also de clares that Bridgeporters have closely followed the conservation ordeYs, while they were grossly violated i.i many places. For this reason Sie mon believes the hours should be sus pended immediately. The gover nor's proclamation automatimillr ceases on March 31. "The original hours should prevail now," Bays Siemon. "because Bridge port has done most for fuel conserva tion." , SIN6 ORDER Senator Lewis Predicts Public Ownership Pol icy for U. S. RAILROAD HEADS ADMIT FAILURES Government Control of Telephone, Telegraph, Etc., Inevitable. Washingon, Feb. 21 Sena tor Lewis of Illinois, speaking in the Senate today, declared the administration railroad bill is a forerunner of government control over various public util ties and predicted that the auestion would be the great domestic issue in the next presidential campaign. "Let us not deceive ourselves as to the meaning of this meascfo," Senator Lewis declared. "This is the be ginning of the government taking the railroads as a government agency. The roads will never be permitted to return to the former state of per sonal control for private benefit. At the same time this country takes over the railroads it vill take the tele graph and telephone privileges and then the products for fuel, particular ly' the lands of coal and oil and put these under government direction. - "All agencies of this nature in this republic, necessary for the public welfare of man, will be taken by the government as a necessary protection of the republic." The railroads. Senator Lewis de clared, confessed their inability to meet the situation and by surrender ing to the governmentadmitted that the one power capable to carrying on the work under the existing condi tions was the government itself. "The government now conducts the roads and directs them as the proof of its power and ability to do so," he asserted. "Private ownership of rail roads failed us for the purpose of sending supplies to ships or for trans port of soldiers for foreign service. Wlhat would be the calamity under private ownership if enemies were at our gates and in possession of 'our country. "Let us announce that the United States is a government and shall as sume governmental responsibility in protecting all public agencies of hu man welfare from being a monopoly of private pillage." If this is done. Senator Lewis said, any Bolshevik uprising in the United States will be avoided. WORK CAR GOES OFF THE TRACK A work car ot the New, York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad was de railed near the Burr Road crossing at 4 o'clock this morning, but, according to railroad officials, it was righted without delaying traffic. No dam age was done and one of the crew was i injured, offcials report. FLOOD DANGER IN N. E. IS PAST Boston, Feb. 1. Danger of seri ous Roods m New England, at the end of a winter seldom equalled for its severity, is believed to have -been considerably reduced by the alter nate thaws and freezes of this month. A great deal of the snow and ice, particularly in the southern section of New England, has melted gradual ly this month. DID BUSINESS AT LOSS. Amsterdam, Feb. 21 The Berlin Motor Omnibus Co., which was oblig ed to conduct its business last year almost entirely with horses and steel tired vehicles owing to the prohibition of the use of gasoline or rubber tires ended the year with a deficit of J375, 000. . and Evening Farmer BRIDGEPOET, CONN., THURSDAY, FEB. 21, 1918 German Goods Already in Manchuria, Where Ex Prisoners Work Mines. Harbin, Manchuria, Saturday, Feb. 16 German goods already have reappeared far east of Irkutsk, according to information received here. German mer chants are active In Harbin and the Bolsheviki are arming releas ed German prisoners to guard the Siberian railroad and facilitate the movement of traffic. A "British mining engineer named Piper, who has arrived here from Krasgoyarsy says the Bolshevik! have seized the gold mines there and that Austro-Ger-man prisoners are working them. The Austro-Germans have plenty of money and are purchasing per mits allowing them to circulate freely In Siberia, The Germans are taking charge of electric pow er stations, railroads and depots. -Quantities of raw materials are shipped to Germany from the dis trict. Most of the Germans are said to speak Russian. Piper declares that unless the Allies take immediate steps to send supplies and raw materials into Siberia the intellectual and present classes will throw them selves into the bands of the Ger mans. II. S. AERO CLUB SEEKING REMED FOR AIR MEI New York, Feb. 21 A special meeting of the executive board of the Aero Club of America was called here today to consider and take action on the aeroplane situation on the, American front in France as told in dispatches from the American front. "The reports would indicate that the situation is indeed serious," an official of the club said. "Our execu tive board will meet today and we shall take immediate steps to ascer tain whether we can do anything that will assist the government in re moving the menace. It has been truly said that 'the war will be won in the air,' and if the Germans, as the dis patches say, are in control, we must speed up our preparations to wrest it from them." The dispatches said "control of the air in the American sector belongs to the enemy," German machines com ing and going "almost at will" over the American lines. ELEVEN HELD FOR 5,000,000 THEF OF WAR SUPPLIE New York, Feb. 21 Eight cloth ing manufacturers, two employes and a clerk in the quartermaster depart ment of the army were indicted by the federal grand jury here, today, charged with being concerned in ex tensive army uniform cloth frauds. Cloth' and other army supplies worth approximately $5,000 000 were stolen, according to Lieut. George D. Barnit of the New Tork police, who in conjunction with the federal au thorities investigated the alleged frauds which he said included thefts in other parts of the country. He asserted that a plot of nation-wide proportions had been uncovered and that investigations in other cities probably would be undertaken. The indictments are based on evidence- gathered by the federal dis trict attorney's office in connection ivith the arrest about two months ago of Louis Davidson, head of the Uni versal Cloth Shrinking Refinishing Jforks here. MARRIAGES FALL OFF. According to statistics prepared in the town clerk's office there were 12S marriages performed in the city dur ing the month of January, while in the samemonth of the preceding year there were l8'- , After Two Months Peace Sisters Would .Take Farm From Gustav. ALSO SEEK MONEY FOR LAND'S USAGE Will of Mother Left An Estate of $60,000 to Three Daughters. The Molls are at it again. After two months of peace, lit igation in the famous Moll pro bate case has again broken out, starting on its 25th year in the Probate Court. . The principal in the case was Theresa Moll, who died, a nonogenarian, last year. Gustav Moll, her son, had been conservator, and filed his final account Jan. 25. The report was accepted by Judge Daniel B. Bradley, acting for Judge Paul L. Miller. Today, Mrs. Lillie Moll Thorp filed notice appealing from the acceptance of the report, representing that she is aggrieved by the action. The other two sisters, Mrs. August Stadtler and Theresa Oberly, are in sympathy with her. In addition to the appeal from the acceptance of their brother's report, the sisters will file a writ of ejection in the Superior court today and will also file suit to recover a total of $6,- 000, which they allege their brother owes them for rental. Gustave Moll has been living on hi mother's farm on Madison avenue for 20 years or more. The sisters claim rental on the theory that the place was deeded to them by their mother during her lifetime. The aged woman left a will giving 'her estate, estimated to be worth more than $60,000, to her two daugh ters, Lillie Thorp and Theresa Oberly, cutting oft Gustave, Mrs. Stadtler and another son, who lives in Chicago. The will was accepted in the Probate court, but an appeal is pending in the Superior court. KpWDLwN HEOECK WIFE REMOVED TO HOSPITAL INFERS HUSBAND MERE LY DEMONSTRATED AFFECTION FOR HER RE FUSES TO HAVE POLICE PROSECUTE IN CASE. " Josephine Maleska, 32, and comely, residing at 33o Vul lard street, is at the Bridgeport hospital in agony from scalds, but happy for she knows that her husband John, loves her dearlv. BOLSHEVIKISTS IN CHINA PROMPTING NOTHER REVOLT Peking, Saturday, Feb. 16. Bolshev iki from Russian Turkestan as well as Germans and Turks are inflaming the Chinese Mohammedan population ot province of Singiang, Chinese Turke stan, against the government, says a report from Gen. Tang Tseng Sin, governor of the province. The general warns the government that arms and ammunition are sup plied: by the enemy. Hs says there are prospects of a Mohammedan re bellion similar to the one that began in' 1861. Even the loss of Chinese Turkestan is possible, he added. - HAPSAL AND MOLODECSNO TAKEN, GERMANS PUSH ON TOWARD VITEBSK, MINSK, PSKOFF AND REVAL AIRMEN BOMB REGITSA DVLNSK ENTERED TWO HOURS AF TER ARMISTICE ENDED. Petrograd, Wednesday, Feb. 20 (By the Associated Press) Dispatches received here indicate continued German move ments along all fronts toward Vitebsk, Minsk, Pskoff and Reval. German airmen are reported to have raided Regitsa, on Monday. Many bombs were dropped and several persons were killed. Troops that occupied Dvinsk are advancing toward Pskoff, 180 miles south southwest of Petrograd, according to a Reuter dispatch. They "also have .occupied Hapsal, Esthonia, and their . cavalry is pushing toward Mohilev, the former Russian general headquarters. ANY STORES IN CITY WILL KEEP OPEN TOMORROW Many of the business houses of the city will keep their doors open to" morrow, Washington's birthday. The cause for the non-observance or tne holiday is attributed to the many days which they have been forced to ob serve in the past few we-eiks. The TKst office will be open as usual tout only one delivery will be made (by the carriers. The federal income tax office wil 'be opened from o ciock in the morning until 6 o'clock in the afternoon to accommodate the holiday crowds. All of the theatres of the city will toe open as usual with holiday bills. The various schools of the city will be closed! as will the banks and many offices. The draft board offices will be closed, it was announced today. The public library will be closed all day with the exception of the reading room which wil be open from 2 o'clock in the afternoon until 9 o'clock in the evening. All of the city hall offices will not be opened. The barber shops will follow the custom of former years and remain closed. H-9 had emphasized this fact by throwing a kettle of boiling water at her last nignt whils the pair were having a little family argument aris ing from jealousy. Josie feels so happy that sh would not hear of entering a complaint against John, although she admitted he had: been a trifle lough, but then Josie liked "cave man" methods and reasoned that in order to hit a poor, weak, clinging and defenseless woman with a kettle of boiling water, ore must love her madly. Her husband contends that while he hates to shatter this blissful dream, he insists he did not throw the boiling water at his spouse, but that con trary to her assertion, he was merely defending himself and beat her to it. as she grabbed the kettle first, with the intention of pouring its contents down his neck. Shrieking -with pain Mrs. Maleska rushed from the Maleska "dove cote" and wildly appealed to neighbors for help. An ambulance removed Mrs. Maleska to the Bridgeport hospital. Today she insisted that her husband Injured her because he loved her. The Want Columns ' - Classified advertising in this newspaper Is effective, no matter what you may de sire to advertise. Try it once and seo. PRICE TWO CENTS The Novaia Viedomsty, the dispatch adds, says the Germans have occu pied iMolodecsna, an important rail road junction northwest of Minsk. According to the Fravda the Aus trians have begun an advance on the Ukrainian front. Just two hours after the- armistice, ended G-erman troops entered Dvinsk. It was 2 o'clock on the afternoon of Feb. 18 that German patrols unex pectedly appeared around! the city and seized the railroad stations and other central points. Only small skirmishes with fleeing soldiers took place. The Red guard offered no resistance, while the artillery and infantry were de mobilizing and unprepared to fight. Attempts to evacuate th city were unsuccessful. Much heavy artillery and large quantities of ammunition fell into the hands of the Germans. The civilian population had no oppor tunity to escape. The commissaries of the local work men's and soldiers' council triedi to escape disguised as soldiers, but they were seized toy the Germans. The decision of the Soldiers' and Workmen's delegates to accept the German peace terms was reached by a majority of only one vote after a heated debate lasting throughout Mon day night. Great secrecy was observ ed in regard to the meeting, which was adjourned several times to permit the Bolsheveki and the Social Revo lutionists to hold party caucuses'. -There were divisions in both parties on the subject. . Premier Lenine, Foreign Minister Trotzky, Ensign Krylenko. commander-in-chief, and many other leaders addressed the council. Military men explained the impossibility of offer ing effective resistance, but no deci sion was reached until messages had been received showing that the Ger mans had captured Dvinsk with ease and were advancing all , along the front. This news reached the council early Tuesday morning, and influenced the delegates to .decide for peace. Before the capture of Dvinsk Premier Lenine said he was opposed to peace, but finally urged that peace must be ob (Continued on Page IS.) . ! HINT 0 iOTY TAKEN BY IN RUSSIA Berlin; Feb. 21, via Lon don The war office an nounced that 1,531 guns and between 4,000 and 5,000 motor cars have been cantured from the Rus sians. The Russian town of Rovno has been cleared of the Russians, the war of fice reports. Trains' with about 1,000 ears, many laden witli food, have been captured, as well as aero planes and an incalculable amount of war material.