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PAGES 17 TO 24 and Evening Farmer BRIDGEPORT. CONN.. FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1913 STATE HAS SENT 100,000 BOOKS TO THE ARMIES Connecticut people have donated 100,418 books to the war libraries overseas, aboard the army transports The Troublesome "Abeiter Zeitung," Which the Kaiser and ln the army camps and navai stk- ' tlnna nf tVi i ntwinirv a cfnr Airier in a Has Not Been Able to Suppress, Claims That Ger- report compiled by the Connecticut WHAT flUN NEWSPAPERS ARE NOW DISCUSSING; WHO CAUSED THE' WAR many's Cold Treatment of British Desire to Be Friendly German Minister In Sermon Tells. His Flock Why Kaiser As God's Representative Is Sacred to Hun People. COMPILED BY J. 3. BOSDAN . The Royal Opera in Munich and Wiesbaden is in the hands of people who are anxious to avoid all possible disagreeables with the friends of Germany. In the first act of his "Lohen grin" Wagner permits King Henry to sing, "O Lord, protect us from the Hungarians' rage." Both in Munich and in Wiesbaden this verse has been repeatedly objected to, and with the sanc tion of the authorities, who recognize that the singing o the lines is calculated to give offence to the Hungarian ally, the words have been altered. In one of Joseph Lau f's historical "plays, "The Iron Tooth," in praise of one of the Kaiser's ances tors, the sentence, "Our noble house seeks the true liberty of all its lieges,'" has been altered for stage purposes to "Our Ho henzollerns seek the true liberty of all." roes to gloat over recent triumphs lover the English? The "Arbeiter Zeitung" of Vienna, the only Germanic Juornal that neither Kaiser Wllhelm nor Kaiser Karl can kill, pulishes an article on the real causes of the world war 'which must be double-distilled grail, and worm wood, to the flreeaters of Hunland: That Troublesome "Abeitcr Zeitung." "It is a fatal mistake to suppose that it was commercial envy that caused En-gland to place herself ia opposition to Germany. Indeed, Eng land at first tried most energetically to conclude a compact with Germany. ' "It was only when Germany coldly declined all English approaches, when Germany constantly added to her gi gantic fleet, when a wild nationalism was inflaming German civilians into a hatred of England and plunging them into the moat extravagant dreams of expansion, when, further, the unfortunate Morocco policy aroused the suspicion that Germany Intended an onslaught on France, that in England a profound mistrust of Germany manifested itself. This was rendered more acute when German refused the repeated efforts to secure a mutual diminution Of fleets and the formation of courts of arbittration. The Balkan crisis,' how ever, brought England again closer to the side of the Central Powers, and even shortly before the outbreak of the world war we beheld England once more making the greatest exer tions to bring about a peaceable and friendly understanding. "It is a very late hour, It ia true, to recapitulate these undoubtedly his torical facts, now that we are all immersed ln this fearful welter of blood. Yet, if they can possibly now be driven home to the German mind. who knows but that the approach of peace may not be accelerated by many months?" At a mass meeting of "Loyal and Patriotic Women," ln Berlin, con vened to protest against "unrest in labor circles" and "the revolutionary spirit," and to affirm their loyalty to Kaiser and Empire, an iminent Ber lin preacher, Pastor Beyer, delivered a remarkable address, some passages from which are worth quoting: A Hun Pastor's Praise of His Kaiser. "The woeful shortage of your food and high prices must be deeply felt by you, but you must oppose every effort made by unpatriotic agitators to use yoor necessities for their own political purposes. What have been the results of the recent strike? The production of munitions has been de layed; the enemy has been permitted to overtake us; his courage has been ' swollen; revolutionary sentiments have ben carried Into the masses of the peo ple and filled the heads of our im mature young men and women. "Tour patriotic women should re member that there is no excuse for this. We must have order. Who is the preserver of order? He in whose name right and justice is decreed ln the land the KaVaer, appointed by God. ruling by Divine Right. Order is God's will; It must be submitted to; disorder is the devil's work. There must be no tampering with the mon archical principle in this State. For us a monarchy is God's will. From the - point of view the citizen of this world we recognize ln our Kaiser the rep resentatlve of God on earth. We rally round him. We will not leave him in the lurch. In spite of all political false doctrine and demagogic agita tion we stand fast by the Kaiser. Raise your right hands and swear -unalter able fidelity to our Kaiser." We are told that Pastor Beyer and the thous ands of women raised their right hand and swore, and that the en thusiasm was ' tremendous. Pastor Beyer went on: "It hi as God's representative that the Kaiser for us is sacred.'. It is for him that we gladly perform our duty. His high office calls forth our veneration, love and obedience, our personal devotion and self-seacrifice, T'Ot the devotion of a slave to a ty , rant, but of one who volutarily sub- mite to the divine order and appoint ment. If Maximilian Harden commanded m larger public than that which his weekly review, the "Zukunft" can ever hope to appeal to, there might yet be hope for the German people, however little still remains for the Hohenzollerns, who can never as pire again to raise their heads before any clvlliwd community. Harden is by turn sarcastic, crush ing, logical, and remorseless, but his is a voice crying out in the wilder ness, and the average Hun, be he soldier or civilian, is not only deaf to It, but is constitutionally unable to appreciate its cadences. Here is a characteristic utterence frorrj the new number of the "Zuk unft:" The Command of The Hour. . "After all, what special justifica tion Is there for the Pan-Germans and the war-at-any-price mouth he- "It is true that the U-boats have contrived to bring about that, in an English hotel or boardng house, no more meat is supplied at breakfast, and that afternoon tea guests receive only an ounce and a half of bread or cake. Also an old maid of Dover, who fed her fourteen little dogs with milk and biscuits, has had to atone for her crime with a five-pound note. All this, however .does not yet spell the decay of the British Empire, s It is time that the warmongers were muzzle, an that the authorities once for all gave- them to understand that they are determined, whenever the claims of any nation or group of peoples are found to be justified, that Germany would honestly aid them in establishing themselves on a clean basis of self-government. May our rulers reflect while yet there is time that unless a new order be substituted for the old one of violence and force, human life will become intolerable and all hopes of human development wiU be rendered sterile for ages to come. Tirpltz The Terrible. The German papers which have just reached, this country, give us the fuU report of an address, deliv ered at Mannheim by Grand Admiral von Tirpltz. The following are some of the Admiral's most characteristic utterences: "We under-estimate the enduring hatred of England, the battto organiz ations of a commercial nature which Anglo-Americanism has in its hands. The economic war is bound to remain after the war, and we must have compensations on which we can lay our hands. As a certain guarantee for Germany's future security we must possess Flanders. Every Brit ish statesman recognizes the danger that lies here, recognizes moreover, that the base of our submarine pow er is on the Flanders coast. And if our people In this world struggle are defeated it will not be because of lack of power, but because they have so willed it. On that day when we yield Belgium and the coast of Flan ders to the influence of the Western Powers and without being forced to do so, mocking yells of laughter at the German Michel will convulse the world. It would mean the final victory of Anglo-Americanism." The Kaiser and the German people are still being deliverately deceived by the German War Department with regard to the extent of America's war preparations. All American newspapers are intercepted ot the frontier, and all references to the United States army which appear in the newspapers of the Allies are care fully blacked out. Ae the same time the military writers in the pay of the German Government are instructed to min imise and ridicule American co-operation, while independent critics are supplied in "strict official con fidence" with false figures and dis torted facts. Mythical Minions. It is under these influences that Colonel Richard Gadke tells the Ger man people, through the "Branden burger Zeitung," that no effective help can be received by the Allies from America for twenty years. Fires of Revolution. Dr. Freidrich Naumann is another German thinker to whom the rulers of the Fatherland would do well to listen. In the latest number to hand of "Die Hilfe," he writes as follows: "It is futile to talk about Germany being the leader of the peoples. A leader to be capable of guiding others should above all be strong to govern himself. This is precisely where we are lacking. "Despite all the lessons that the war has taught us, we have not yet become a real nation, as is well prov ed by the discussions in the Prussian Diet. We still have a House of Lords or rather of Junkers, ln which the different clans struggle for their ex istance one against the other, and this primative turmoil we qualify by the term of parliamentarianism. "The great majority of the German people do not desire revolution, if it can be avoided by timely and ration al measures. It would be fatal, how ever, to believe that the revolution ary wave from the east can be stop ped either by the police, the censor, or the pressure of the State. When the cauldren is beginning to bubble over there is no means of stilling it except by quenching the fires which are the sources of its agitation, but they cannot be quenched by a coun-er-irritation which can only add to their fuel until the whole system is ablaze." Iieaden Keels Confiscated. To argus-eyed gatherers of war metals, not satisfied with the results of their raids on church bells, roofs, kitche:.o, ovens, door handles, etc., have discovered a mine of wealth ln Library Committee. The book drive for good reading material for the soldiers . and sailors ' started last March. Waterbury reported signal success with 25,441 books contributed. One day in March was designated as "col lection day" and an automobile can vass was made of the entire city. Bridgeport made the second best showing with 15, 000 books collected: New Haven reports 7,399 books and Hartford 5,240. The books received represent all classes' of literature. Many of them are entirely new, some are the most valuable books it private collections and those books which have had usage are in splendid condition. ANTHRACITE NOT SUFFERING FROM GAR SHORTAGE The anthracite industry' aptly illus trates the adage that "patience is a !virtue." If the consuming mrblic would assimilate this human-nature virtue, it could materially aid the in dustry which would then be in a still better position to cater to every con sumer's neeft There are two salient facts as to fuel. The first is, consumers should. order coal now and, secondly, to have the patience to wait for Its delivery. It is a physical impossibility to de liver to all a year's supply in a week or even a month. An average daily output of 275,000 tons, about a maximum with the re duced labor supply, is being main tained at the mines. To" insure New England and the Middle Atlantic states their proper quota of fuel- the Anthracite Committee of the U., S. Fuel Administration barred 19 states from anthracite until further notice. This was done to throw a greater vol ume of coal into the territory which, doing the largest manufacturing work for the war, has had a great increase in population. There is no car shortage for an thracite. U. S. Fuel Administration figures show that there was a falling' off of 79,172 cars moved in January, 1918, compared with the same months of 1917, This was due tt frozen 'brakes, zero weather and blizzard conditions. There was a gain of 31,250 in Fel"uary: a gain of 44,613 cars in March and for the flnst two weeks in Ajpril. there was a gain of 29,969 cars. The marked increase is natural, due to climatic conditions which put trans portation at its "best, as in' spring and summer. - Another help is for the consuming putollc to forsake the "penny-wise-pound-foolteh" policy of waiting to buy coaL The usual result of this is no anthracite in the cellar when win ter comes. CALDERWOOD TO DRIVE AGAINST LIQUOR TRAFFIC Chicago, May 9 W. G. Calderwood of Minneapolis, campaign manager of the National Dry Federation, opened headquarters here today. for a 60 day drive on congress to abolish the li quor traffic as a war measure. According to Mr. Calderwood the federation has units in 2,997 coun ties, all of which are pledged to bring pressure on their respective congress men during the next two months, the complexion of congress, he said, is dry. Had federal prohibition been ln force in the United States last year, Mr. Calderwood asserted, the fuel famine would have been averted and 600,000 tons of shipping would have been released. He said that 3,000, 000,000 of food and millions of tons of coal were wasted last year in the liquor business. He added that 52, 000,000 bushels of grain grown here was shipped to European brewers and distillers. WILSON REQUESTS YAGER'S REMOVAL Washington, May 9 Removal of Arthur Yager as governor of Porto Rico was asked of President Wilson today by Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor. Mr. Gompers charged the governor with incompetency in handling the labor situation in Porto Rico. GERMAN WOMEN MAY OBJECT TO OFFICIAL PLAN Havelock Ellis Gives Some Objections They May Have to "Virile Selection." It has so far been assumed that it is possible to introduce artificial n$ethods of human breeding by official decree. But that assumption can by no means be made. Before he can even attempt to set his schemes in action on a large scale and except on a large scale they would be impotent the militar ist breeder of men must cope with a preliminary problem which will be come of even greater magnitude, and that is the social environment. Even in Germany, where the conditions are most favorable for official interference, they are constantly growing less so. The right conditions for the militar ist breeding of men for "virile selec tion" as he terms it have again and again been clearly and vigorously set forth by Ehrenfels. They involve the double standard of morality for men and women; women, Ehrenfels be lieves, are called upon to abandon their instincts in favor of monogamy just as (in his opinion) men had pre viously been called upon to abandon their instincts in favor of polygamy. It also involves not merely the tolera tion, but the approval, of prostitution. It is not surprising that the feminists in Germany, and the leaders of social and sexual reform generally, have vio lently opposed the doctrines of Ehren fels. - The conditions he desires for "virile selection," which are really those of militarist breeding of men, have indeed existed in the far past If we go back to the Carolingian period of French history, we find it recorded that among the men-at-arms of Conan IL Duke of Brittany, each warrior might have ten or more wives, and thus beget some fifty chil dren. But that was a thousand years ago. .Even among the Germans, though in the days of Tacitus a fight ing' chief might have more than one wife,-bigamy has n6t been officially authorized later than the seventeenth Century. Today the conditions are different. Germany is in a state of transition. Once it furnished the best possible soil for this kind of breeding, for the ideals of the fight ing male ruled in unquestioned su premacy, and women meekly accept ed the part which men had assigned to them. To a large extent, no doubt, they are prepared to do that still. But during recent years a certain section of German women in association with the more progressively intellectual men, have come forward as the most radical -and vigorous representatives of the modern woman's movement It is certain, therefore, ' that any at tempt of official Germany to go back to the standpoint of Tacitus' day, or even of the Thirty Tears' War, would no longer meet ..with success. In practice it would produce too much friction to be of use to the militarist From "Eugenics in Relation to the War," by Havelock Ellis In May Phy sical Culture. 5,000 MARK III ENROLLING SHIP WORKERS PASSED Hartford, May 10 The passing of the 5,000 mark in the Connecticut enrollment of skilled workers for the - united states ampyara volunteers was announced today by 10 A. Kor per, state director of the Public Ser vice Reserve. Officials at national -(headquarters of the Reserve have given high praise to Connecticut re sponse to the urgent appeal for men to build the Emergency Fleet that will bring victory as it transports sol diers, food and munitions overseas. Shipyard volunteers have enrolled through the War Bureaus and Town Committees of the Connecticut Stats Council of Defense. Those commun ities reporting an enrollment of 100 or more volunteers are: Bridgeport. 465; Bristol, 144; Hartford (war bu reau) 282; Hartford, (state director's office) 1,565; Manchester, 101; Meri den, 395; New Britain, 269; New Ha ven, 644; New London, 111; Water bury, 488; Stamford, 124. The state's total enrollment is 5,028. The Senate defeated a bill providing penalties for overdrafts on banks. FLOWERS FOR MOTHERS' DAT. JOHN RECK & SON. 295 BOOT AND SHOE DAWS, Amsterdam, May 10 A workman who was arrested in Berlin a few days ago for violating' the regulations re garding the purchase of second hand shoes pleaded in defense that "as there are now 395 separate regulations governing boots and shoes, a citizen may be excused for violating one of tKom nTm.wn.rftS." SENDS CARPENTERS TO THE SHIPYARDS Carpenters are being detailed to Connecticut shipyards this week by Leo A. Korper, state director of the United States Public Service Reserve, and they represent the first group of men who have been called into service since the enrollmnt of the United States Shipyard Volunteers began early in February. Seventy-six carpenters were sent to work in the shipyard at Groton and thirty-nine have started work at the shipbuilding plant at Gildersleeve. Director Korper will continue send ing volunteers into the shipyards all this week, including some to the plant at Hog Island and the barracks and warehouses at Schnectady, N. T. USES FOR ODD WINDOW SHADES. Old window shades with rollers, fas tened to the top shelf in the pantry so that they may be lowered and rais ed, will keep light, dust and flies away from the food. the leaden keels of pleasure yachts. and orders have been given for its confiscation by the War Materials Department Aquatic sporting circles in Kiel and elsewhere have been deeply concerned by this step, and lament the blow to yachting, but on reflection their patriotic impulses have gained the. upper hand. Cuticnra Promotes Beauty Of Hair and Skin If the Soap is used for every-day toilet purposes assisted by occasional touches of Cuticura Ointment to first signs of pimples, redness, roughness or dandruff. Do not confound these fragrant super - creamy emollients with coarsely medicated, often dan gerous preparations urged as substi tutes. Sampl Each Fr by M.il. Address post card: "Cation. Dat. 11A. Boston." Sold ewei jwhcic Soap 25c. Ointment 25 snd SOc or ClottlhB Ecoinioinniy CHEERFUL CREDIT weekly specials cannot be surpassed high grade merchan dise at unusually low prices sold on Cheerful Credit's terms of No Money Down and $1.00 a Week. All-Wool Sersre Suits Coat Dresses for women and misses, button trimmed with roll col lars, plain tailored skirts. Colors are black, navy and taupe. A big selection to choose from that are regular $18.75 values, tomorrow. $12.95 Poplin and Sergev Suits All-wool materials made in ripple models, braid trim med; skirts are tailored and rather plain. Black, navy and the popular bright colors are included. Regular $27.50 values. $19.75 Taffeta Suits for summer wear, belted models with flare, plain skirts and shirred back coats. They are stylish models and come in black, navy and gray, $35 values, special $23.95 We have just received an assortment of aTl-sflk crepe de chine and taffeta, combination coat dresses in green and white and blue and white checks. "Very stunning models that are regular $40 values, extra special at 529.75 Taffeta Dresses In tunic models with Georgette collars, embroidery trimmed. Colors are rose, navy, Copenhagen and tan. $18.75 values. $12.95 Junior Coats of all-wool navy serve in belted models, plaid silk col lars. $14.75 values. $10.95 Main Floor. Neisr Marabout Capes Brown marabout Georgette crepe, values, very stylish combined with 16 $9.95 Plaid Skirts of silk taffeta with patch pockets and belt. $8.50 CE QB values House Dresses of gingham and cham- CI 79 bray. $2.50 values ' ""- Second Floor. SAILOR HATS The small sailor, so trim and smart, is once more in popular favor. We offer a varied assortment in red, blue, black and tan, regular $3 hats for $1.95 Main Floor. Georgette Waists Beautiful waists for wear with your new summer suit; gray, tea rose and white georgette embroid ered in colors. $5 values Silk Sweaters in atll the new colors, belted mod els, $12.50 values 53 95 V nr..i: tt j A complete line, priced I Second Floor. SHOES FOR ALL OCCASIONS New White Shoes for men, women and children, also pumps, oxfords and dark boots in all the popular leathers and lasts. A New Department just opened with a complete stock of shoe findings every accessory in stock. ' Basement. MEN'S STRAW HATS Genuine Toges. Panamas, Bankoks, etc., in every new style for the coming season just received. "A good opportunity now to select your new straw before the rush commences. $1.00to$7.50 NEW SUITS FOR THE BOYS All-wool' mixtures and serges ln new military models suits that the boy will - take great pride in wearing and the boy is fussy what kind of a suit he wears. These suits are in Norfolk models with all-round belts and patch pockets, some aviation pockets. Good quality suits that will stand long, hard service. $5 to $18' values. S3.95, 55.95, $8.95,512.95 New Straw Hats The little fellow will like these new straws in black and white combinations. Speciall priced 59c to $1.43 Knee Pants of. very fine mixtures," unheard of values. jlQp Shirts, Underwear, Hosiery, etc., at Special at Boys' Waists, special prices Basement. BUY "WAR SAVINGS STAMPS ISSUED BY THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT en - A Great Thrift Special Regular $22.50 Fancy Mixture and Serge Suits $16.75 Extra good quality mixtures and dark blue serges, tailoring that you only find in the better grade suits smartly styled models that will be acceptable to men of the most exacting tastes. Real economy clothes that will give good service n addition to having every new style feature of the season. $15 to $40 Suits and Top Coats The most varied and complete assortments you can find every kind and style of a suit or top coat that the manufacturers have made this season is here all priced at Cheerful Credit's usual low prices. $9.50, $14.50, $23.50, $29.50, $34.50 SUMMER FURNISHINGS Silk Shirts Men's Underwear Negligee Shirts New soft cuff models in novelty materials as veil as thealways popular madras. $1.50 and $2.00 values S1.35 Caesar MlSCH IMC HEBE FW H MSB c i acsar BBiise Wk . V B ii li iltkml Tub silks and crepe de chines in stylish new pat terns, both conservative and bright colors, priced . Up to $7.98 i Stores ss KREIGeO Main.Qoldwn rtill and Middle Streets Medium and light weight shirts, drawers and union suits, IQ special at Silk Hosiery New plaids and stripes. TQm $1 values W Neckwear New summer styles m fiJC silk neckwear ........ Main Floor.