THE TRTES: JAWAfeT 22, 1913
THE BRIDGEPORT TIMES
And Evening Farmer
NO BOLSHEVISM IN PHAMPHLET
ok D 15) Read Co
y (FOUNDED 1790.)
Published by The Farmer Publishing Co- 179 Fairfield A-re., Bridgeport, Conn.
' OAXLY .60a month, $6.00 per .year ) 'WEEKLY.. J1.0 per rear In advance
Bryant, Griffith & Brunson, New York, Boston anA ChlOKO
MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
The Associated Frees Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication
f all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paptr
and also the local news published herein.
Entered at Post Office, Bridgeport, Connecticut, as second class matter.
WEDNESDAY, 22, 1919.
PROBLEMS OF A CREDITOR NATION
WHICH CAUSED LAVITT'S ARREST
STATEMENT OF BUSINESS AGENT
"Won A War: Lost a Job," by Nitchevo, is the title of
the pamphlet, which caused the arrest of Samuel Lavit, busi
ness agent of the Machinists' Union, at the close of the meet
ing for the unemployed at the State Street Casino, last Satur
Lavit's case was continued until Saturday morning by
Judge Frank G. W ilder in City court Monday', at the request
of the Assistant Prosecutor Theodore Sleiber. The charge
against Mr. Lavit is that of breach of the peace. Breach of
GEORGE E. ROBERTS, who has the iilie assistant to the
president, The National City Bank of .New York, deliv
ered an address before the Investment Bankers Association of
America, under the dsignation, "A Creditor Country." The ad
dress is reproduced, and laid upon the desk of The Times-
Farmer. The contents are calculated to make an old fashion
ed high tariff devotee, like the late E. J. Hill, turn over in his
grave. But the truth of the things stated is within purview of
the least informed upon economic matters. Mr. Roberts is a
banker who has escaped from the thralldom of conventional
finance. He has at least, grasped the rudiments of the econo
mic and financial changes made necssary by America's state
of being a creditor nation.
Through loans that have been made to foreign nations, or
that soon will be made, the United States lias an interest charg
ed against Europe of approximately $5W, 0)0,000 a year. Says
Now we know, to begin with, that these interest charges will
not be settled in gold, because the total production of gold in the
world outside of the United States is less than 40u,VUU,0UU per
year. And, even if these government were able to relinquish
from their present hoUlinsrs sufficient gold to make a few pay
ments, the effect of adding gold to o.:r already large reserves would
be to raise the level of prices in this country, and maintain prices
i here above those in the rest of the world, wnich would place us at
a disadvantage with our competitors in world trade. It would
make this the best country in the world to sell goods in, and the
poorest country in the world to seli goods from. We couldn't af
ford to take their gold with s.Vi results.
That is to say the United States cannot and will not take
Its pay in gold. There isnt gold enough; if there were gold
enough, it would bo necessary to refuse it, because too much of
that particular commodity in one place, would make the gold
But for the present Europe is in need, and goods must,
flow from the United States to European countries. For the
present and for some time to come Europe will not be in a
position to send many goods to this country. So reasons Mr.
Which means, reasoning of The Times-Farmer, that the
trade balance in favor of the United States must be much
greater, before it is smaller, in which case the ultimate annual
'interest payments from Europe must be much larger.
If America is to be paid, and cannot lake gold, America
must lake goods.
Mr. Roberts proposes an alternative. This country will
lake neither goods nor gold. It will run a charge account
with Europe, it will put its principal into the European coun
tries and the interest there also.
The United States and American investors would instead
invest in European enterprise. This, then, is Mr. Roberts pro
posal to meet present conditions. Again The Times-Farmer
But the remedy would not in the end oLer the original
necessity. Repayment could not come in' gold, it would have
to come in goods, and these goods would represent an excess
of European imports over American exports, a vast excess.
Thus would the. United States come to. a condition when its
exports would be enormously greater than its imports, the con
dition which economists of the Hill type always declared ab
horrent; for the effect of a high tariff, and its very purpose is
to keep European goods out of the United States.
The consequence of being a creditor nation is, that. Euro
pean floods cannot be kept out, unless the debt is to be forjjiven,
Europe- must pay in goods, or not at all. The longer the
payments aw delayed, and (lie greater the charge, (lie more
European goods will he required to settle the account.
There is nothing mysterious about international trade. It
operates much like individual trade, in Ih-'i main factors. The
creditor gets the other fellow's goods, as long as they last, or
until Ihe debt is forgiven.
It will bo interesting, a little later, when the horde of rr.t
fashioned high tariff orators begin to reconcile the necessities
of Uncle Sam, international creditor, with the tenets they for
merly held; when they begin to explain the consequences that
must follow upon an influx of European goods, shipped to the
United States, decade after decade to meet dividend and inter
est payments due American investors in European industries.
Margaret, wife of Bernard Robi-
chaud, 16 Summerfleld avenue, died
this morning at the Bridgeport hos.
pital aged M3 years. She is survived
by her husband, two small children,
her parents in Maine, one sister, Mrs.
William DeGrace of this city. Funeral
arrangements will be announced later.
the peace covers a multitude of crimes, but the police state
that Lavit was arrested because the pamphlet, "Won a War;
Lost a Job," is decidedly of Bolshevik L-ndencies.
Lavit, when interviewed by a
porter for the Times, stated thatl
there is nothing either for or against
Bolshevism in the pamphlet, unless
telling labor to vote for men at the
next elections, who will protect their
interests both in the General Assem
bly and at Washington, can be class
ed as Bolshevik sentiments. "If this
la true," said Lavit, "then the police
have it in their power to throttle
the voice of anyone who seeks to
supplant politicians who are in pow
er." The story the ' pamphlet tells is
that the labor of the country, after
working to win the war, after buying
Liberty Bonds, after being robbed 1:;
profiteering landlord-, after buTiii'i
W. S. S. and contributing liberally to ;
every campaign, is being laid aside.)
like an old glove, by the powers that i
be. as soon as the crisis is past. 1
"There is nothing said in the pam- !
phlet, a'bout revolution, except eeo- !
no mi-?, revolution." Kiid Lavit. "it I
states that beeauso of the work of la
bor, the signing of the armistice w:is
possible. That to labor as much or
more than any other class tbelong llio
fruits of victory, and that the work
ers are entitled to something- tetter
than cold, hunger and uncertainty."
One part of the pamphlet deaK with
Lincoln, and states that if any per
son of today were to preach as Lin
coln did in his day of "government of
the people, for the people and by the
people," he would, bo classed as a Lul-
ehevik immediately by a large major
ity of the ultra respectable.
less 20 per
The p;imph!et asks the question,
whet difference whtither y;,u class re
form as reform or as lVlshevik? The
effect of the two is the same, and it
lines been conceded by the wisest men
in America that some sort of reform
in our e-onomie life has 'een needed
for a nu-nber of years past.
Lavit asserts that his defense will
be that "Won a War; Lost a .lob" ap
peared in the last issue of the "Labor
Leader," a weekly nev.-Kja.per pub
lished in the interests of anil by the
Machinists' Union of that city, and
in two New York papers, that this
story was sent through the l'nite-1
States mails and that the postal au
thorities found nothing of a I'.olshevik
nature in the story. Mr. Lavit stated
that if the story wa.s all right for the
Federal authorities, then it certainly
ought to be O. K. for Bridgeport.
Hopes Women Will
Adopt This Habit
As Well As Men
of hot water each morn
helps us look and feel
clean, sweet, fresh.
Xew Haven, Jan. 22 Forwast
for Xrw Haven and vicinity:
Generally cloudy with liiyht rain
tonight and Thursday.
iJappy, bright, alert porous and
vivacious a good clear skin; a nat
ural, rusy complexion and freedom
from illness are assured only by
clean, healthy blood. If only every
woman and likewise every man could
realize the wonders of the morning:
inside bath, what a, gratifying change
vrould take place.
Instead of the thousands of sickly,
anaemic-Joking" men, women, and
fcirls with pasty or muddy complex
ions; instead of the multitudes of
'"nerve wrecks." "rundowns," "brain
fass' and pessimists we should see a
viril-1, optimistic throng of rosy
clieeked people everywhere.
An inside bath is had by drinking,
t'ach morning before breakfast, a
glass of real hot water with a tea
spoonful of limestone phosphate in it
to wash from the stomach, liver, kid
neys and t:-n yards of bowels the pre
vious day's indigestible waste, sour
fermentations and poisons. thus
cleansing, sweetening and freshening
the entire alimentary canal before
pulling more food into the stomach.
Those subject to sick headache,
biliousness, nasty breath, rheumatism,
colds; and particularly thrse whn
have a pallid, sallow complexion aria
who are con stirred very often, are
urged to obtain n quarter pound of
limestone phosphate at the drug store
which will cost but a trifle but is suf
ficient lo demonstrate the quick and
remarkable change in both health and
appearance awaiting those who prac-
i tice internal sanitation. Adr.
THE OLD GAME
THERE IS nolliing novel in fhe message of he mayor to
Ihe Common Council. lie renews his effort to obtain
a rtiore complete hold of Iho public machinery of the city, by
means wry eh 'would more completely eliminate (he activities
of independent citizens. The mayor has ong looked with
greedy eyes upon the board of education, which is, and was
created to be an independent body, outside of politics and
largely beyond the reach of politics. The board has large rev
enues. It conducts a gigantic business, and has the largest
personnel of any city department.
If the political machine, of which the mayor is a part.
- could bring this grent organization into political control it would
be fortunate Th-e misfortune would be to education, and to
the young people who depend upon the schools for education.
Kvery one of these proposals, now made by Mayor Wilson,
has been made before, and in substance, or in spirit, each of
them has been defeated at the polls.
About the time the mayor was proclaiming his 15 mill flat
tax, which should never be lower and never be higher, his vari
ous propositions for eliminating city boards were voted upon
This set of proposed charter changes is like most that hare
' preceded it. It contemplates the abolition of offices filled
without charge by fairly competent men. These are to be re
placed by other men, who would go upon the salary list.
11 fi j? n
a m m ut Mi. w
Lean Pork Chops
Fresh Pork Sausage
Rib Loin and Shoulder
A Good Combination
6 Dandruff and
XT II ThRemJ.
British colonies and dominions ask
to be allowed to enter the Peace Con
ference on the same statu as Bel-glum.
(M:rS. V T Allan .... l
its her houM -nt fu. a , . r
A- I French of Hartford. '
1 lb. of
1 lb. of
A BIG SPECIAL
LARGEST RETAILERS OF SrEAT IT AMEBIC
GREATER BRIDGEPORT MARKET
870 MAIN STREET, NEAR STATE STREET
PHONE NOBLE 479
The store closes daily at 6 o'clock
less 25 pei
Continuance January Sale
A Foulard Gown
if you are going South!
A new line of lovely
Foulards at the Silk Sec
tion is very suggestive
of spring sunshine and
Foulard is seemingly
as light as a summer
cloud but a strong and
durable weave and the
finish of these silks is
wonderfully smooth and
The color combinations
are new effects, medium
anddark,ideal for south
ern wear and traveling.
Xavy blue and white Black and white
Overseas blue and white Navy blue and tan
Antelope and navy blue Midnight blue and white
In small and large designs all very attractive.
Fortv indies wide, ( yards makes a dress.
$2.50 a yard
Do You Embroider?
The spring line of Royal Society Packages has
arrived, and is ready for inspection. There will be
found unusually attractive designs in
Lingerie, nightgowns, combinations, pajamas anl
Boudoir Caps and dressing sacques.
Centerpieces, scarfs, pillows and laundry bags.
Children's dresses, rompers, hats, caps, carriage
robes and pillows.
-Models on display.
Art Section, main floor.
x Sale Special
Linen Damask, fine satin finish, 72 inches wide, regu
lar price $4.00 for $3.00
Linen Damask, 70 indies wide, regular price $3.50
Cotton Damask, foreign weave, fine hut very durable,
will wear and laundrv exceedingly well, was &2.50
Union Damask, fine quality, cotton and linen mixed,
70 inches wide, regular price $2.00 for $1.75
Cotton Damask with linen finish, 70 inches wide, reg
ular price for $1.00
Table Cloths, line imported cotton with linen finish,
circular patterns. 2x2 yards, regular price $4.50
Sale price $3.50
Napkins, extra heavy quality, cotton with linen finish,
size 22 x 22 inches, regular ;rice $4.50.
Sale price $4.19
Luncheon Cloth-r, hems! itched, 36-x 36 inches, regu
lar price 1.25 Sale price $1.00
hi 45 x 45 indies, regular $2.50 Sale price $2.19
Tray Cloths, fine quality liuen. hemstitched, regular
price $1.00 Sale price 85 cts
Mahogany, with solid mahogany ex
terior and interior. $84.00 $42.00
Mahogany, fine quality, in Sheraton
patterns, $5ij.0O $38.00
Mahogany, with fluted pilasters and
Mahogany, in post Colonial design, $32.00 $24.00
Old Ivory Enamel of high grade, $50.00 $39.00
Old Ivory Enamel, high grade, $44.00 $32.00
White Enamel, Colonial design, $21.00 $17.00
White Enamel, French mirrors, $18.00 $14.00
Golden Oak with French mirror,s, $20.00 $17.00
Golden Oak, oval mirrors, $19.25 $15.00
Golden Oak, long deep dawers for
storage, $18.50 $14.00
Golden Oak, for storage, $ 9.50 $ 6.75
tfie D id Read c$
Belted models, lined ,
throughout, made ML
Were priced at $45.00,
$35.00 to close out
Dresses of Black
Made with wide shir
red belts, self covered
buttons, collars with
wide hemstitched hems,
skirts tucked. Very rich
looking. Sizes 36 to 44.
All Wool Plaids,green
and blue combinations.
Oxford grays, navy
blue and black skirts,
with pockets trimmed
A few black taffeta
Botany Serge, in sizes
16, 18, 36 and 38.
Xavy blues and
blacks, with Hercules
silk braid or embroider
ed designs. "Regular
price for these $25.00.
"Billie Burke" House
Dresses. Plain cham
brays and ginghams in
large or small checks!
Made with plain colored
collars, cuffs, belts atxl
pockets. Small pearl
48 and 50
Ginghams and Cham
brays, made on same
lines as those in the
smaller sizes. Some with
white pique collars and
$4.75 and $5.00
"Beacon" Robes, col
lars, cuffs and pockets
edged with plain satin
ribbon. Some of these
robes have deep border
of tan and brown, gray
and red, old blue and
$5.95, $8.50 up to $10.50
All Jersey and Jersey
tops with taffeta
flounces. The lower
edges are finished with
fringe, or tiny bands of
shirred ribbon. Flounces
are accordian plaited or
shirred. Green, old blue,
black, navy blue, purple
END OF MONARCHY
Vienna. Jan. 22. (Corre ponilc-iKe
of The Associated Press) Rct::r:i f
the monarchical system of no:- la
ment in German Austria is ijiu nf the
question in the opinion of srtme oT
the government leadera hf-rv. orn
high official who Is believed to rep
resent the views of government cir
cles is quoted as saying that the dy
nasty had lost nearly all lis pop
ularity during the war, while repub
lican ideas had made extraordinary
progress even In the most remote
parts of the country. Besides, he
said, the mass of the people certain
ly was not inclined to contribute to
tba cost of nialnta-ininjt w uauulva
royal court after the enormous finan
cial sacrifices entailed by a calami
Vienna Is the :ieart of German
A"-rrii and a!l that relates to the
.merer- and prosperity of this part
' '!. !! Austrian Empire is of
li'. ruin;: interest. Government officials i
point o'Jt. that the German-Austrian!
industries are In need of raw ma-i
terials and machinery which only
(.prniany can supply. The paper!
mills, leather and woodware manu-j
factories, agricultural machinery and I
engineering works, especially the
c-i;'ctr;i-techr.!"al establishments have
been conducted on a scale to fulfill
the requirements of a great empire.
The manufacturers now see that
their markets will be less extensive
Uuua under the empire. It to ex
pected that the Czecho-Slovaks. the.
Poles, the Hungarians and the Jugo
slavs will erect customs barriers end
ing lo exclude from these separated
countries German Austrian goods.
Resides, Austria will have to make
formidable Czech competition in Po
land and expects to be excluded from
competition in the Hohemian market
owing to the cheaper cost of living In
Bohemia and the proximity f coal
supplies there. Apart from tho mag
nesite o- in Htyria, German Aus
tria is pour in natural resources,
while her stocks of raw material axe
eaid to be more depleted then those
of any of the former great nations
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