Newspaper Page Text
The Weather Report
ALMANAC FOR TODAY
Son rises 6:t9 n. m.
Sun sets 5:49 p. m.
High wnlcr ." 3:39 p. m.
Moon sets 12:23 a. m.
Imw water 10:18 p. m.
Bridgeport and vicinity
Increasing cloudiness to
night; Sunday probably rain
or snow; warmr Sunday. . . .
and Evening Farmer
58 "FIST 1790 ltrSl M cla" matter at th post office
uo Ml. loJ Bt Bridgeport. Conn., under the ait or 187
BRIDGEPORT, CONN., SATURDAY, MARCH 8, 1919
Subscription rates by mail: Tally $6.00 per year. One
month. Dally 60 cents. 179 Fairfield Av. Brtxeport '
PRICE TWO CENTS
1,390,000 U. S.
Battle Casualties' of Ameri
can Army in France To
26TH HAD 8,955
MEN ON LIST
This Includes Killed in Ac
tion, Wounded, Missing
Washington, March 8 American
troops actually participating in en
gagements against the enemy num
bered 1,390,000 men. General March
announced the figures today, showing
that 1,100,000 comprised divisional
troops and divisional replacements-.
240,000 corps and army troops, and
60,000 service or supply troops.
Battle casualties of the American
ermy in France, as shown by revised
divisional records announced today
.by General March, totalled 240,197.
These included killed in action,
"wounded, missing in action and pris
oners. There probably will be some
slight further revision as final re
ports are received.
The Second regular division show
ed the greatest losses in the revised
list, -with 24,429. The First Division
came next -with 23,973. The 28th
(Pennsylvania, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Virginia and Maryland)
led National Guard and National
Army divisions, being fourth in the
list with 14,417. The 32nd (Michigan
and Wisconsin) was fifth with 14,268.
In the new list the 42nd Division
(Rainbow) reported a total of bat
tle casualties of 12.252; the 77th
(Now York Metropolitan National
Army), 9,423; the 26th, (New Eng
land), 8,955; the 27 th (New York),
7.940; the 30th (Tennessee. North
Carolina, South Carolina, 6,893.
There Is Hope However,
That An Armistice May
Lemburg, March Although fight
ing Is still going on here between
the Poles and Ukrainians, with the
latter bombarding the city, there is
till hope that an armistice may be
arranged between the contending
forces. It Is believed, however, that
before a truce is established there
will be mora severe fighting.
The renewed bombardment of the
city has been attended by consid
erable loss of life among civilians and
damage to public buildings and works
of art. The -people move about the
city freely during the day, but the
artillery fire is very heavy at night.
An average of 200 shells fall in the
crlty dally, most of them ibeing aimed
at the railroad station. Some pro
jectiles, however, have fallen in resi
dential sections and two have struck
the residence of Archbishop Ship
tusky, a noted Ukrainian patriot.
Small shells have also struck the Ru
thenlan church and others have dam
aged the home of Count Pininsky,
which Is famous for its art gallery.
Colonel Smyth of the British army,
who is still here, has been empower
ed by the Inter-Allied mission to
make a report on the situation. The
ITTcrainians are said to feel that they
have been treated unfairly by the
mission and that their claims are
misunderstood, particularly by the
They say the mission spent
only an hour with Ukrainian leaders
and spoke briefly, through an inter
preter, with a delegation of ten
Ukrainians which came from Kiev
to outline the claims of the republic.
The political and military situation
at Kiev is said to be uncertain. Pet
lura is still at Winnttza and it is re
ported that the city of Kiev is dom
inated by M. Rakowski. premier of
the Ukrainian Soviet ministry, with
whom is associated M. Pietakoff. of
Moscow, a Bolshevik whose father
was a millionaire merchant.
WANT VICE SQUAD
BACK AT DEVENS
Ayer. Mass.. March 8 Military au
thorities at Camp Devens lve re
quested Governor Coolidge to return
to duty the state police officers who
until two weeks ago acted as a vice
squad at the cantonment. Since the
Bou-id ceased Its work there has been
a stendv Influx or unaesirauie w uium. t whic.h begins by quoting sentences
according to camp officers. The com- i from -president Wilson's address at
missions of the state police. who ,v,. York dealing with the uneasi
eerved from the opening of the camp n,. or the people of Europe. The
late in the summer of 1917, expired '. rcscution condemns any rectification
recently. of frontiers which is inspired by de-
sire of eorquest and opposes armed
PIOITAT TO Q?fi intervention in Russia.
LAuUnlJ V. V. .fttr Responsibility is li'eolined. -accord-
OF CONNECTICUT to the resolution, for "social
VJA " '! events which may occur in case the
New Tork, March 8. With 46 of
ficers and one thousand men of the
-With Infantry of the S?th Division,
the steamship Chicago arrived here
today from Bordeaux. Aleo aboard
thirteen casual officers. The steamship
iplattsburg arrived from Brest with
2 175 troora. 25 wives of soldiers, 20
iwivea of sailors and 150 naval officers
ami. men. The aick and wounded
numbered W3. a majority or them toe
In convalescents. The units included
officers and 145 men of the Fifth
Machine Oun Battalion of the First
riiol (regular army): Aero (Squad-
' 1 "
Government Troops Put
Down Berlin Armed Revolt
Flame Throwers and Trench Weapons Used in Street
Fighting Around Police Headquarters Decided to
Extend Strike to Power Plants.
Baslo, March 8 German government troops have sup
pressed the armed revolt at Berlin, according to a despatch from
that city, and are now assigned to the task of protecting work
men who Want to return to their labors. The popular marine
division and two detachments of the Republican Guard have
been disbanded, it is reported.
London, March 8 A great number
of Spartacans were taken prisoners in
the fighting in the center of Berlin
yesterday and will be sentenced to
death, according to an Exchange Tele
graph despatch from Copenhagen.
London, Friday, March 7 De
scribing the fighting in Berlin on
Thursday night a despatch to the Ex-'
charge Telegraph Company from
Copenhagen says that during the
whole night there were heavy detona
tions of cannon and explosions in the
district where fighting was taking
place. Flame throwers and trench
weapon!) of mil kinds were employed
in the struggle which was violent
around tho police headquarters, which
the Spartacans made desperate efforts
to capture. Late in the evening gov
ernment troops under General von
Luettwitz, reported to number 50,000,
entered Berlin and surrounded a
great part of the center of the city,
it is said.
At a stormy meeting Thursday
evening the Soldiers and Workmen's
Council decided to extend the strike
to the electric power plants and gas
and water works, it is reported.
CENTRAL LABOR UNION
Bridgeport Central Labor Union, :
after reviewing evidence presented I
by Ira A. Ornburn, a prominent la
bor leader of New Haven, finds that
the funds of the Mooney defense con
gress have not been misused.
Mr. Ornburn is a prominent labor
leader of New Haven. He charged
that funds subscribed for the defense
of Mooney were being used to pro
mote the extension of the J. W. W.
. Mooney was sentenced to death In
J California, after conviction of com
plicity in bomb throwing, an activity
in which several persons were killed.
The case excited nation-wide interest.
Mass meetings were held throughout
America in behalf of Mooney. Presi-
Damad Pasha New Grand
Vizier and Foreign
Constantinople. Friday, March 7
The new Turkish Cabinet, succeeding
the ministry of Tewfik Pasha, recent-
j ly resigned, is composed as follows:
Grand Vizier and Minister of For
eign Affairs 'Damad Pasha.
Sheik Ul-Islam Mustapha Sabri
Minister of War Ahmed Abouk
Interior Djemed Bey.
Marine Shakri Pasha.
Finance TeW.ik Bey.
Public Instructions AH Kemal
Posts and Telegraphs Mehmed All
Public Works Avnl Pasha.
Agriculture Edhem Bey.
Justice Ismail Ildke Bey.
President of Council of State
Paris, March 8. The managing
committee of the General Labor Fed
eration has adopted a resolution
French delegates at the Peace Con
ference systematically disregard pop
ular aspirations and the desires of
the laboring , classes, which are those
of humanity as a whole."
GOES BY PLANE TO NEW YORK.
Washington. March 8 The post
master general or Sweden, Julius
Juhlin, who has been making a study
of this country's postal service, was a
passenger in one of the mail planes
i leaving Washington today for New
J York. He accompknled Pilot Robert
anks and theyAleft tho tremlnus charge should, of course, be register
ll:0 o'clock. .T I ed at tho time It Is mailed...
According to a German wireless
despatch received here the telegraph
and telephone systems at Berlin are
working uninterruptedly but with re
strictions. The gas supply of the city
was threatened today but electric
power stations were -under military
protection. The despatch says that in
the northern part of the city the fight
ing consists mainly of local engage
ments. Weimar, Friday, March 7 Social
Democrats who began a consultation
with the German cabinet yesterday
relative to the Berlin strike and what
concessions and guarantees could be
offered the strikers, left for Berlin
this morning. The conference lasted
well into the night and is reported
to have' been satisfactory.
The terms which were decided up
on will be laid before .the strikers
at Berlin this afternoon and are said
to provide for the recognition of the
Soldiers and Workmen's Councils by
the new constitution. This is looked
upon as a most radical step. It has
been urged heretofore, but has been
rejected. The Kntente Allies do not
(Continued on Page Two.)
dent Wilson named a commission to
investigate. The commission reported
,1 . V, . .... . : 1 .
u v u j i vi A.iwxtcy o gum, vxuvernor
Stephens of California commuted the
sentence to life imprisonment.
The Mooney party is agitating for
his complete pardon, or a new trial.
Ornburn's charges excited wide
spread interest. The Bridgeport men
allege that Ornburn, who is secretary
of the State Federation, leftthe meet
ing hastily, to catch a train, and that
he was unwilling to remain until he
could be fully questioned.
For these reasons and others the
Bridgeport Central Labor Union finds
against Ornburn, and in favor of
those who disbursed the defense
REST OF 27TH
. ON WAY HOME
Departure of Three Trans
ports Announced by War
Washington, March 8 Departure
of three transports bringing practi
cally all remaining units of the 27th
Division, was announced today by the
The transport America, due at New
York March 13, is bringing the 104oh,
105th and 106th Field Artillery regi
ments, and casual companies of Penn
sylvania and New Jersey troops. On
the America are Brigadier Generals
George A. Wingate. commanding the
52nd Field Artillery brigade, and Ed- der the chairmanship of Admiral!''?-1 Pershing had been authorized to
ward A. Kreger. whose appointment ' Hope, of the British navy, and it was resume enlistments for the- regular
-m- ,.. t ,.,. i m.lbv agreement that thev decided to army. Men now overseas who desire
The Mount Vernon also due at
New York March 13, is bringing 20
casual companies - for various states
and 300 sick and wounded. Includ
ed in the casuals is Brigadier General
D. G. Glennan.
The Argentina is due at New York
March 16 with casual companies for
eight different states.
TAKE PICTURES OF
ARMY DISCHARGES Boston lodge. No. 264, I. A. of M. j book which is to be called "A Pic--rYXVlYl.
i UXOVXXVXVVIXiiO ; B ' j torial Review of Beautiful Bridge-
. ' " The hnnlr will pnnt.tin rn-ncti-
Many discharged soldiers who are
anxious to obtain the $60 bbnus of
fered by the War Department are
somewhat reluctant about forward
ing their discharges to "Washington,
fearing that they may become lost in
It is suggested that before forward
ing the discharge a photograph be
taken of it and that the photograph
be retained. In the event the orig
inal discharge is lost in the mails
this photograph with a post office
registration receipt accompanied by
two affidavits by respons.ble parties
who know the circumstances eon-
nected with the lost discharge, will be
sufficient proof to obtain from the
War Department a certificate of Army
The envelope containing the dis-
Divided Into Two Classes,
Submarine Atrocities, and
Due to Other Acts.
TOOK MONTHS TO
At Outbreak of War we Had
In Enemy Countries.
Washington, March 8 Claims
filed by American citizens and
concerns with the State De
partment against Germany and
Austria-Hungary total about
$750,000,000, the Stale Depart
ment announced today. Addi
tional claims are expected.
The claims, which will run into the
thousands, are divided into two
classes, those arising from submarine
atrocities and those due to other acts
of the Central Empires. The State
Department for several months has
had a large force engaged in, compil
ing American losses.
Irtcluded in the items comprising
claims growing- out of submarine
warfare are losses allege for death
and injury of American citizens;
losses suffered in the destruction or
of damage to American vessels; losses
suffered in connection with American
cargoes, both in American and for
eign bottoms; and the loss of much
valuaible personal property other than
Losses due to other acts of Germany
and Austria-Hungary include destruc
tion and requisition of American
properties both in enemy territory
and territory occupied at -various
times by enemy forces.
The State Department's statistics
show that American citizens at the
outbreak of the war had aibout $300,
000,000 worth of property in enemy
countries and in those which have
been under enemy occupation. Heavy
losses have resulted! in connection
with this property as a result of wax
measures taken by the Central Pow
ers. TRIKE BACKBONE
5,000 Strikers, Employes of
New York, March 8 With the
backbone of the harbor strike broken,
through the agreement of the em
ployes of the railroad boats to return
to work immediately James L.
Hughes, a conciliator of the Federal
Department of Labor, today endeavor
ed to induce the private boatowners
to agree to the terms granted yester
day by the railroad administration.
These terms included the granting of
an eight-hour day and wage increases
amounting to more than 30 per cent.
in some cases.
About five thousand of the strikers,
employes of the railroad administra
tion, returned to their duties during
the night and early today. Represen
tatives of the remaining eleven thou
sand strikers planned to hold a con
ference during the day with officials
of the New York Boat Owners' as
sociation and the United States Ship
AGREED TO BREAK
Paris, March 8 An official note
Issued today says that statements ap
pearing in the press seem to give the
Impression that the breaking off of
negotiations at Spa between the Al
lied and German missions was due to
the initiative of the French delega
tion. It is declared that this is un-
I true. The Allied delegates were im
i "turn to Paris to report to their re-
; spective governments, it is said.
LA V A' TO ADDRESS
Sam Lavit, the local labor leader
and business manager of the Bridge- I
port Machinists' union, t-as cons to j
Boston today and will addres- the un- !
employed of that city in-Fanuiel hall The Locomobile Company of Amer-tomol-row
afternoon. The meeting la. whose principle offices and fac
will re held under the ausDiees of tor' are in this city are preparing a
BREWERS TO MAKE CANDY
Boston. Mareli 8. T!rcwcrs of
this city ar plannins to become
camlv maters after .Inly 1. Of-
ficers of one compnny said today
that they had applied to the
Rnildinjr Inspection Department
frr permission to make ehanses
in their hrewinsr plants in Kox-
bury to equip it for eamiy man-
iifa-ture and o"icor of two
other brevrimr firim hive filed
rortlfirfllro of incorporation ns a
chocolate company. Henri- A. -f
Keuier gajj today that his brew-
oriranliati'Mi vronld he m--ln-
taired for a time In the hope that
mnnnfnnrC Of llcht beers
might te permlttod. but that
members of the flri)u were Inter-
ested in the proposed eandj-
maldiur business. '
onini Charged With
First Degree Murder
After Shooting Joseph L. Callahan, 16, Through the
Heart, Enraged Man Yields to Police, Because
His Cartridges Are Grone.
Charged with murder in the
age 47, of 189 Alex street, who
Joseph L. Callahan, 16 years, of
Mr. and Mrs. Edward Callahan,
night, on Alex street, was arraigned before Judge Frederic A.
Bartlett in city court this morning. His case was continued un
til Saturday, March 22, and he is held without bonds for a hear
ing on that date.
Bonini was in a mood to kill, but his cartridges were gone,
and this alone, it is believed caused him to yield himself to the
police without a fight.
When he returned to the street,
there was no one in sight but the Cal
lahan boy, and his companion, who
had been delivering groceries with a
hand cart to a nearby house. Without
a moment's hesitation Bonini threw
the rifle to his shoulder and fired. The
first bullet entered the heart of Calla
han, killing him instantly. Two more
shots were fired by the infuriated
man, but both went wild.
In the meantime the police will
make further investigation, and the
coroner will hold a hearing Monday
afternoon at 3 o'clock. The police
have the testimony of 20 witnesses,
which they wish to have taken in
connection with the shooting.
The detective bureau have learned
through the investigations of Detect
ive Sergeant James Bray and Detect
ive Fred Derrick the truth about the
incidents leading up to the shooting
of the Callahan boy.
AMERICAN LABOR PARTY
The American Labor party which
was organized in Bridgeport during
the Machinists' strike of 1918 has
been extended into a state organiza
tion. The first state convention was
held In Meriden, Sunday, in Build
ing Trades Council hall.-
The object of the party, as stated
in resolutions adopted, is the organi
zation of hand and" brain workers for
political action, to secure industrial,
political and social democracy.
The delegates were informed that
67 branches of the party exist with
8 branches in 14 states.
Seventeen delegates were present,
representing Ave cities, Bridgeport,
Hartford, Meriden, New Britain and
Derby. T. M. Crowley of Hartford
ILL KEEP ARMY
OF 509909 MEN
Strength Will Not Be Re
duced Below This Figure
For Some Time.
Washington, March 8. General
March announced today that the
army would not be reduced under
any circumstances below the figure
mentioned in the reorganization bill
which failed in Congress, a total of
509,909 officers and men. He said
this total would Le maintained until
some law was passed providing for a
permanent force which would "per
mit the military necessities of the
United States to be handled."
The statement was made in connec
tion with the information that Gen-
j to enlist in the regular establishment.
General March said, would be accept
ed and assigned to regular organiza
tion in the army of occupation, re-
leasin'S other men to foe discharged.
IN LOCO BOOK
cally no reading matter, all of the
space being taken up with photo
graphs of various places, houses,
lakes, etc., in Bridgeport.
The publishers have spared no ef
fort in. obtaining the subjects neces
sary to make the publication inter
esting to all, and because they want
to leave nothing out that will help
improve the book, are now asking
Amateurs who have photos of places
fcf interest in Bridgeport to submit
tfhem to Mr. J. A. Kingman of the
Xdvertising department of the com-
.MiUIUs&A ll I". MUAUA1
I Boston. March 8 The battleship
Nebraska, which is bringing troops
from France to this port, expects to
arrive off Boston lightship at six a.
m. Monday,- March 10. A radiogram
to this effect was announced today by
the naval communications office of
the first district
first degree Edward Bonini,
in cold blood shot and killed
1106 Stratford avenue, son of
shortly before 8 o'clock last
Two boys about 10 or 11 years of
age were walking in front of Bonini's
house, both had sticks, and they were
drawing them along the fence, mak-
ing a noise. Bonini came running
out of his house and after striking
both boys over the head took tha
sticks away from them. One of the
youngsters then secured a broom han
dle and came back, when he repeat
ed his actions. Bonini took the stick
away from him the second time strik
ing him over the back with it.
Then a young man whom the po
lice have not been able to locate
came out of a garage, a6ked Bonini
what he was hitting the boys for. To
which Bonini said, "It's none of your
business." Whereupon the young
man struck Bonini in the face. Bonini
then rushed into his house to get his
rifle, presumably for the purpose of
shooting the man who hit him.
(Continued on Page Two)
was elected state chairman and also
state organizer. Charles E. Haines
of Bridgeport, was elected state secre
tary and treasurer.
The following executive committee
was elected: First district, E. J.
Foley of Hartford; Third district,
George J. Stanley of Meriden; Fifth
district, Jesse T. Gardner of Bridge
port. Appointments from the Sec
ond and Fourth districts will be made
at a later date.
The Central Labor union was rep
represented by Morris Leblanc, Jas.
A. Keegan and Frank Ganoy. , Four
delegates were p "esent from the local
Carpenters' union, William F. La
noue, Joseph Veronneau, A. C. Brad
ley and George J. Stanley.
Made Lunch Room Proprie
tor Nervous Watching
Him Count Money.
Henry Christianson of 78 Union
avenue charged with carrying con
cealed weapons and Philip Clowarte
of 110 Blackstone street, charged with
a breach of the peace, had their cases
continued for one week this morning
by Judge Frederic A. Bartlett, when
they were arraigned in city court.
Bonds were fixed at $200 in each
Both were arrested on Stratford
avenue near East Main street, last
night by Patrolmen McDonald and
Erickson, after Lieutenant John Bar
ton of the Second Precinct had re
ceived complaint regarding their ac
tions. The proprietor of the Albany Lunch
a resaurant at 1490 Stratford avenue,
was counting his receipts at 11
o'clock last night when he saw two
men were looking in the window
watching him. He took no' notice
of them at first, but as he continued
his work, and the men made no move
to go about their business he became
alarmed and called the police.
It is believed that Christianson and
Clowarte mistrusted what he was do
ing for they disappeared. They were
found by the officers hanging about
Stratford avenue and East Main
street, acting in a suspicious manner,
Christianson when searched was
found to be armed with a .38 calibre
automatic pistol. (
The police say that the two an-
swer the discription of two men wh'o ;
within the past three weeks have
held up three different men on Hol
lister avenue. Neither has spoken a
word since being arrested. Chris
tianson told the police, however, that i ties in a subway station and tUe $43,
he "always carried a gun. The con- 000 worth of Liberty bonds. tfTey say.
tinuance was asked by the detective, j were found under the floor of a paint
bureau that the case might be fully fhop owned by Edward Andrea
CIjERK SHEA BACK
Sergeant Cornelius Shea. late of the
T7 S. Army and stationed at Camp missioner. has almost recovered front
Raritan. N. J.. has been diseharged a slight attack of the "flu." He has
f'rm tho service nd is back In been indisposed for the past 1 days. :
Bridgeport He will take a short va- :but expects to be it his desk on Mon
cation before again resuming his for- day morning. Cases pending beforo
metv duties aa clerk at tho Hotel him have been continued as a, result:
Stratfleld. . - . of ila HUness.
Number Ordered Released
Has Reached Total of
HAVE BUT 81,231
Reduced Number of Demob
ilization Camps to Twenty-three.
Washington. March 8 Demobiliza
tion reports made public today by
General March showed 1.361.528 of
ficers and men discharged to date,
while the number ordered released
had reached l.G13,!iOO.
Up to March 3. departures of sol
diers from France numbered 419,556.
of whom 354,824 had landed in the
United States up to yesterday.
Hospital records from the expedi
tionary forces, General March said,
showed 81,231 patients on February
20, a reduction from 112,217 when
the armistice was signed.
A reduction in the number of de
mobilization camps from thirty-three
to twenty-three was announced today.
tne purpose being to enable the War
department to release thousands of
men who, under the original plan,
would have been held at the national'
camps as demobilization personnel.
Thirteen of the original thirty-three
camps designated as demobilization
centers will be abandoned. Three
new camps, Fort Bliss, Oglethorpe
and D. A. Russell, have been added,
bringing the total to twenty-three.
President to Meet Secre
taries Baker and Daniels
"Washington, March 8 President
Wilson probably will be able to meet
in Paris early In April with Sscre
Varies Daniels and Baker, civilian
heads of the navy and army, respect
ively. Vice Admiral Sims, commander
of the oversees naval forces, and
General Pershing, commander qI the
American Kxpeditionary Korces.
Secretary Daniels and a number of
naval experts will leave New Tork
a week, from today on the transport
Leviathan. The purpose of the naval
secretary's visit abroad is primarily
to confer with. Allied naval officiate
as to the best type of capital war-,
tehips to be -built and to -choose from ;
the conflicting opinions of American ',
officers a definite policy to submit to
Secretary Baker will make his third
trip abroad early in April to close up
the affairs of the American Expedi
opted by the :
Five Youths UndefSKlV
for Theft in Financial
New Tork, March 8 Less than 24
hours after a daylight holdup of a,
bank messenger in the financial dis- :
trict, a similar robbery occurred this
morning- in Harlem when highway-,
men held up two employes of the
Sinclair & Valentine Dye Co. as they
were on their way from a bank with
the company's payroll. The robbers
took $3,800 from, them and escaped 1
in an automobile.
Five youths, ranging in age from
16 to 20, are under arrest today,
charged with assault and robbery fol-
lowing the daring holdup yesterday in .
the financial district of Milton
Strohm, a broker's messenger, of Lib- '
erty bonds and other securities valued
at $63,000. The prisoners, three of
whom are brothers and all messen
gers for brokerage houses, the police
say were associated in the robbery.
Strohm was struck on the head and .
badly injured and his bag containing
the Liberty bonds and other securi
Information given to the police by
Strohm led to the arrest last night of
Gustave Mlgnone, 20, and his brother
Anthony, 1 S, at their home in the
Klatbush section of Brooklyn.
j Another brother, Theodore. 16, was
arrested early today in a lodging
house where he sought refuge when
warned that the police wanted him.
Later the police arrested Edward An
(ireas, 20, and Lei-rter Ostertag, . 17.
The police say Theodore Mignone
confessed to the actual holdup.
Following the arrests the police
found the bag containing the securi-
COMIISSIOXER LA VERY
Hugh Lavery. I nited States Com-