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The Bridgeport times and evening farmer. (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1918-1924, May 21, 1919, Image 6

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THE
BRIDGEPORT TIMES
And Evening Forme
(rOUNDKD nto.
FOREIGN RBPBK8ENTATITM
Bryant. Griffith Jk Branson. New Tork. Boston la.1 Chios
Member of tub associated press
raoNi
omci
1UI
I.
PHON1
FDITORIAI.
DEPAKl'MENl
Uvbub lttT
tohUahed toy The Farmer Publishing Co- 1T Pafrtiakl Am, Bridgeport, Coca.
OAlLT..MSeo month. .00 per year WBSKXI..li.O lor year in advance
The Associated Press la exclusively entitled to ttio use (or repubUcatlos
All nesra dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credlwd la this panat
the local news published herein.
BntaraA.aa.Poat Office. Bridgeport. Conseetlrut. aa seooafl daaa matter.
WKDXKSD.W, MAY. 21, 1919.
A PLEA FOU LAME CHILDREN
X
V
THE TIMES-FA TIMER has received from Rev. R. II. White,
pastor of West End Congregational church, a plea for
lame children. The need in Connecticut is so great, the sub
ject so timely and the presentation of the need so clear that the
viws of Rev. Mr. White are printed herewith, to stand in the
place of the editorial, which ought to have been written long
ago. Rend wh.it he says:
What about the lame children of Bridgeport and Connec
ticut? There is a splendid exhibition given at the High school,
showing how the United States government helps and trains
every crippled soldier to regain self support, self respect and
happiness.
It is ft sad reminder of how, by contrast, both city and state
havo long, stupidly and brutally neglected that large body of
little citizens, th lame and deformed children. ,
The last legislature increased by a hundred dollars the
annual grant to a pauper lame child, waiting at home to become
old enough to go to the county farm. That is the best the state
can do.
The only institution open to a lame child is at Newington
and Is too insignificant to be worth mentioning. The manage
ment should not bo criticized for they do the very best possible
with the resources at hand,
y When I visited there three 3rears -ago, it was so crowded
iha.1 the decencies could hardly be observed. Sensitive minded
, lame children were herded together with the syphilitic and fee
!ble minded. Their pitiful, inst nationalized faces asked the
question whether it would not hove been kinder for the state
to have mercifully chloroformed them than to have heaped this
Indignity upon them.
The feeble minded have been removed, but the socially dis
eased and other children who are refused admittance at the
County Homes are slill there, (he companions of the lame.
. In contrast, one turns to Massachusetts where every lume
trnild has only to apply to h admitted to the wonderful hospi
tal school for tlm Crippled and Deformed at Canton. There
everything that science or' money can provide as at hand to
help improve his condition.
There is a teaching force so skilled, that by devoting less
than three hours a day to school work they are able easily to
cover the full course of study provided by the Slate Board of
Education. ,.. .....
The individual capacity of each child is carefully studied
and a choice of a dozen or more good trades are offered to Him.
Wyh hardly an exception the pupils graduate into lives of
self support, self mastery and happiness.
With a splendid program of welfare work the City of
Bridgeport offers nothing to the lame child. If he is too lame
to walk to school, no 'transportation is offered him. If he is
able to crawl there, no assistance is at hand from janitor or
teacher to help him up and down the stairs, unless the parent
is able to make some private arrangement.. No facilities are
offered to him, to train his nimble fingers, at the Manual Train
' ing or Trades school.
Compare this with the city of Boston where transportation
and -special help is given to all lame children who can attend
' the public school, while in addition several hundred are taken
'to and from the St. Botolph school for lame children, where
k they receive educational and industrial training and the best
corrective treatments, for deformities, that orthojed:c nurses
can b taugtxt to gtve. The eager happy faces of the pupils of
that-school IpII of tho success of the work.
Connecticut has probably a thousand lame children, half
of 'whom need the help of special training to become self sup-
porting.
Bridgeport has fifty children who are either handicapped
or entirely prevented from getting an education because of
! lameness.
How much longer Bhall these "Little Ones' be neglected?
Sketches from Life
By Temple
All Her Old Friends Are Back
By SIGXOR ARNOLD A CIPPOLLA
(Special Correspondence of the "Gazette del Popolo," Turin, Italy)
Copyright, 1919, International Nem Bureau, Inc.
(Great, light Is thrown on the Russian
situation by the despatches of Signor Ar
nolda Clppolla, to the Gazzetta del Popolo,
Turin. He has Wui with the Italian Mis
sion in the Caucasus, where he saw the
movement of the British forces, and with
General Deniken, and afterwards at Odessa
with the French Expeditionary Forces in
I'krainia, and has paid a short visit to
Moscow. His comprehension of the situation
Is, perhaps, the clearest yet published.)
PROBABILITIES FOR AND AGAINST
XHE CAREFULLY planned cross ocean flight bids fare to
land one plane in Lisbon. Out of three that started, one
la lost, another is out of the running. The last leg falls to the
NG 4, which has titf) miles to go before reaching Lisbon and
775 miles to go before landing in Plymouth. Three planes had
on accident in travelling the first 900 miles. The NC 4 had to
oome down. Three planes met with two accidents travelling
considerably loss than an average of 1,200 miles. These acci
dents were so grave that one ship was lost and one put out of
lha running. That the NC 4 will be successful in making the
remaining distance without mishap, figuring by the law of
average, U a conjectural proposition.
Th proposition, phrased in terms of probability, is like
thin; If three planes trying to travel 1,200 miles score two fail
Lt; what i the percentage of probability that one plane will
do 1,575 miles, divided in two legs of 800 and 775 respectively?
The harder tu do, the more credit if it is done.
TIIE FATE OF HAWKER
SHORT OF A miracle Hawker, the daring Australian is
lost. His venture in trans-Atlantic flight ended, prob
ably, before -he was near his goal. He was an experienced
flyee,feudnh liaxfrniswie 'changes in his plane to adapt it more
for tha work he expected to do.
Slight changes in plane construction may have very con
siderable results, and in his case there had been little time to
find out the mechanical consequences of the novelties he had
to re introduced, "
p. o. It is possible that he had less than the chance that would
fob. jua;av been hi had he used an absolutely standardized machine.
B?roagnly tried and tested in every particular.
navkar.piayea ror a Dig stafte. A great fame would have
i. (Continued in last two columns '
per
110,
There are at present three forces working
against the Bolsheviks. One is the British Expedi
tionary Force, which has crossed the Caucasus, has
gone by rail and water transport from Baku to Pe
troff, and is moving north in the direction of Ast
rakhan. The second is the army of General Deni
ken, composed of about 60,000 Russian soldiers and
20,000 officers of the ex-Imperial Russian army.
General Deniken's army is a peculiar mixture,
therefore, of officers and privates, and one of the
strangest productions in the midst of the Russian
confusion. General Deniken has his headquarters
at Ekaterinodar, and has also expelled tho Bolshe
viks from the north of the Caucasus and is moving
likewise in the direction of Astrakhan. The third
force is the Franco-Greek Expeditionary Force
landed at Odessa. Whilst the British expedition and
the army of General Deniken have had considera
ble success and moved something like 500 miles
northward, occupying a very large region from
which the Bolsheviks have been expelled, and have
come into touch also with the Cossacks of the Don,
the French Expeditionary Force has had extraord
inary difficulties from the very beginning. These diffi
culties are owing in part to the fact that France had
hesitated to recognize the Ukrainian Republic, and
when it sent its expedition, composed of troops tak
en from Salonika, it was with the intention of com
bating the Bolshiviks. with the aim of reuniting
all Russia in' a word, the French forces were to
fight for Great Russia, not for its separate parts.
The Ukrainians naturally took offence, and the re
sult was that the French expedition has been ob
liged to fight against both the Ukrainians and the
Bolsheviks, and has obtained no assistance whatever
from the moment of landing. It tried at first to get
In touch with the Roumanian army, but this effort
likewise failed, and Its operations have been strict
ly limited to the occupation of the city of Odessa
and the Immediate neighborhood. The impression
even is that if the Bolsheviks would make a serious
attack upon the French expedition at Odessa they
could eisily wipe them out; but it has been learn
that Lenin and Trotsky , purposely abstain from a .
direct attack against the French, because they al
ways have an idea that It Is best not to offend the
Entente too much, and continue to entertain the
hope that some day or other their Government
will be recognized.
Bolshevik Plan.
Meanwhile they have concentrated all their
efforts againts the danger presented by the advance
of General Deniken's army in Astrakhan, and also
the danger of hie coming to an understanding with
the Cossacks of the Don. The defeat of the Bolshe
viks in he Caucasus in the month of January, when
General Deniken and the British Expeditionary
Forces practically destroyed their whole army, far
from creating any panic In Moscow, rather en
couraged Lenin to organize a new army- for the
special suppose of throwing it Immediately against
the Cossacks of the Don and preventing them from
Joining the cause of General Deniken, and also pre
venting the ultimate possibility of a Junction with
the army of Admiral Kolchak, whose headquarters
are -at Omsk. The plan of the Bolsheviks le a very
Ingenious one, in fact very astute, and proves that
the generals of the old regime whdm they have
been able to press Into their service are doing their
duty seriously. They are. of course, actlitg under
the terrible alternative of being mercilessly court-N
martiaiiea and shot, together witn their families.
he Bolshevik method of obtaining the services of
eir former leading officers of the Imperial army -very
drastic The generals are put in command
1
II
and their families are taken as hostages, and the
slightest mistake or hesitation on the part of the
general in carrying out the orders of the Bolshe
vik Cov.imissioners, who accompany him and watch
every step, is followed by the execution of the gen
eral and the execution of all the members of his
family. The officers of inferior rank receive 8,000
roubles a month as wages and an advance of four
month's pay, and the Bolshevik State moreover
undertakes the charge of keeping their families.
The various Volunteer armies, such as those of Gen
eral Deniken, or Admiral Kolchak, and also the
Cossacks of the Don lack, on the contrary, all pe
cuniary funds, and have to appeal simply 'o the
patriotism of their officers and men. The Bolshe
vik Army, on the contrary, by its exactions, always
seems able to have plenty of money. The Red
Guards have pressed into their service all the super
ior officers who formerly composed the General Staff.
Thus the conqueror of Kieff is General Gutor. who
during the Russian war commanded the" South
western front, and is one of the best Russian gen
erals. General Vilicka, who made his fame as com
mander of the best engineering corps in the Army
of Tsar, is in command of the Bolshevik troops at
. iloscow. The situation, therefore, is extremely par
adoxical. Men of this stamp, who hate the Bolshe
viks, and everything their State implies, neverthe
less devote all their energy and genius to support
it by making their army the most effective in Rus
sia. Trotsky himself has explained the submission
and obedience he has obtained from the Tsar's own
officers by .saying; "I make them do their duty
with the Bolshevik revolver behind their ears." It
is well known throughout the Army that the slight
est discomfiture of the Soviet troops is followed by
the execution of the responsible officers.
The Bolshevik army, which has been organiz
ed to fight against the Cossacks of the Don, is so
strong and disciplined at present that there is great
danger of the Cossacks being defeated, especially
as they lack discipline and cohesion. The little pat
riotic army of the Crimea which has been protecting
the coal fields and the coast of the Sea of Azoff.
is threatened with the same danger; in fact, all hope
is already given up of saving the great center of
Berdlnansk, Mariopol. and the coal Imports of the
Sea of Azoff. General Deniken, seeing the danger, 4
with which the Cossacks of the Don are threatened,
and being unable to send them reinforcements
went in person from Ekaterinodar to Rostoff and
Novoscircaski to confer with the Cossacks, and re
vive their courage. In a speech which he made to
them at Rostof, he promised them the whole-hearted
support of the volunteer army which he com
mands, and all the possible aid from the Allies.
He added: "If the Allies have not yet sent assist
ance to you, it must be for 'reasons which we can- -not,
at present discuss. But I promise you that the
first Allied troops which arrive In Russia will be sent
to help the Cossacks of the Don." As Is seen from
his speech, the well-intentioned General Deniken
has not been able to give them a formal promise
that assistance will be sent by the Allies.
Tragedy and Comedy.
Discontent is general in Odessa for Innumera
ble reasons; the high prices tff provisions, the lack
' of coal, wood, petroleum, the lack of a proper police
aervice, which allows criminal bands to loot and
sack as they please, attack people by day or night,
rob, plunder and murder with perfect impunity.
Tragedy and comedy alternate In the poor strip of
Russia still saved from Bolshevism. The Bolshe
viks are even amused at the situation, of which
they are thoroughly informed and they make no at
tack for the reason above said that they do not wish
to go to extremes against the Entente. News reached -Odessa
o'f the conflict between 'the Bolsheviks and
their antagonists In the North of the borders of
Finland. They are being beaten by the Eathonlane
who seem to have been helped by some contin
gents from the Allies, and it Is said that the British
influence has also made Itself felt in that dlrecUon;
but on the contrary, nearly the whole of Lithuania
Is said to be is the hands of Sovietist troops, which
It Is declared amount in that region alone to about
vAO,OSO men. and -that with thla army they were
recently threatening- to Invade Germany,
v X- - - tTo Ba Continued) -
L
LOOKING BACK 50 YEARS
(From The Farmer, Wednesday, May 21, 1869)
White vests and pants are already the order of the day
among the masculine, and white dresses and light colored par
asols among the feminine.
There will bo a large amount of musical talent in our city,
on the day of the parade of the Fire department, next Thurs
day, week. Already five bands have been engaged, making
nearly 100 musicians.
The prospect is now good for a large crop of strawberries.
Yesterday afternoon they were being carried about for sale by
peddlers in our streets, and not at all extravagant prices.
i
The old house corner of Main and John streets, imbued ' f
with the spirit of the age, is moving towards the great west, ;J
but in consequence of advanced age is making the journey by
easy stages.
Some -idea of the shipping business of this port mav be U
formed when wo state that 84 vesselB, from various ports, have 3
arrived, within the last twelve days.
The veteran piscatorial sports oCWall street, had n gala
clay yesterday on the placid waters of our beautiful sound, and .
returned in the evening, loaded down with, .black fish, the re
sult of their labors in the cavernous depth oTUie vasty deep.
Some of them were fine specimens of tho finnytribe, and "1
weighed ovep nine pounds each.
The grove at Seaside Park bids fair, ere long, to be onof
the most enchant iner places on the Long Island shore. Th
ground has been all dug over, graded and seeded, under the di
rection ol Mr. Philip Donohue; supernumery trees nave been '-:
taken out, and a most- inviting appearance thus been given to 1
this portion of the park.
A monster meeting was held in Belfast, Ireland, to protest -,'
against the dis-establishment of the Irish church. It is esti- .'.
mated that nearly two hundred thousand people were present..:.;
The charming weather, and the popularity of the "fiery ;
footed" animals, entered for the race, were the means of draw--
ing a large crowd to witness one of the very best trots that have '
ever taken place at the Bridgeport Trotting Park. The last
heat was closely contested, which caused much excitement
among the sports, 'Brown Dick" belonging to Mr. S. Howe;
coining in first. Time: 49 1-4 i(5 i4 3-4. Stakes $200. Judges.--
Sniffin, Danbury, and Buckingham and Taylor of this city.
Mr. Sterling Edwards, the man now engaged in working
over Division street road, has a pair of cattle that are surpris
ingly handy in that kind of business. We watched their move
ments for some time yesterday, and could but wonder at their
intelligence they exhibited in operating the "scraper" in cros
sing the road, ffom side to side, they seemed io know the num
ber and necessary length of steps required to make the pas
sage, and the point at which they should stop and turn every
time, with no driver except the man at the "helm" and scarce
a word of direction from him. With these cattle he can work
over a space of forty rods without a single failure on their part
to cross and recross the line that is required and come about
at the precise point every time, where they should.
The finest salmon are now being taken from the waters
of the Penobscot. About three miles above Bangor they are
taken in drift nets. But below, near Searsport, and Bucksport,
they are taken in large quantities in weirs. The number ap
pears to be on the increase yearly, and the business of tak
ing them is highly remunerative. They weigh about twelve
pounds a piece and upward, perhaps twenty seven and a half
pounds. The present price is about forty cents a pound. If the
present law is properly observed we shall again have plenty
of salmon in the Connecticut River.
(Continued from first two columns)
been his had he landed in Ireland. The world watched him.
Two great nations were directly concerned in his flight. Had
he succeeded, to the British Empire would have gone the cred
it for the first trans-Atlantic flight.
The people of either country wished that their own nation
might have the honor, but nowhere was there any one who
did not wish the Australian success. His deed of reckless dar
ing, his life against time, gravity and the sea, was such an act
of dare-devil gallantry, as man admires, and did admire at the
dawn of time, and will, while man is man.
Over national feeling, the desire that the United States
might first achieve such a deed, the personal feeling was whol
ly triumphant. Not one American would desire the destruction
of Hawker, merely that America might have the credit of the
first flight.
Every American hoped for the triumph of the splendid
Australian, and willingly would have conceded to Britain the
honor, and to Hawker the glory, had he succeeded. t -
THE TEST OF CONGRESSMEN7
RESIDENT WILSON, with that peculiar courage which
he brings to the most difficult questions, has express
ed himself in terms entirely free of prejudice upon most of the ;
questions that divide men politically, or economically in the :
United States. '
He suggests the amendment of the prohibition law, to per-
mit the sale of light wines and beer.
He suggests the return to private owners of railroads,.
telephones and telegraphs. "'
He suggests legislation tor tne improvement oi me reiar ;
tions between labor and capital. -
In every area there is a divided camp. It is impossible,,
to tell where lies the preponderance of belief.
It. is up to congress to make a show down on each and every
Question. All of these matters are sure to come to the yea and i
nay vote, and each senator or representative, must cast his vote.
in the sight of his constituents.
The wet and dry problem is especially vexing. There is'
many a man in congress who had hoped to keep carefully in the
background and well covered by the mists of prohibition. The
dry vote has a way of coming to the polls. The wet vote may'
come, for the first time. . - -
The other problems are equally vexing: Legislators can 1
but make a choice; they cannot please everybody. The presA,
ident eives them the task. Let them perform it soon,, with ;
hearts as merry as they can contrive. .
ClTPrD BARKED
FROM MTLWATTKEE.
Milwaukee's building inspector is
reported to have recently said that
the acute shortage of dwellings in
that city is keeping to a minimum the
number of marriages, and that the
old adage, "Love will find a way," Is
being , dalfy contradicted when it
comes to the question of finding a
home.
A field agent of the United States
Hemes Registration Service of .the
Department of Labor, who was re
cently Jn Milwaukee to assist in en
larging the work of the local organ
isation, reports that during his stay
in the office as many as 20 applicants
day were received for bouses,- flats,
and cottages, but that none of these
souM fee fUla4.
:
The field agent reports having com;- -municated
with 12 of the largest rel ..
estate offices in the city, not onejef
which was able to offer a house at a. v
rental under $65 a month. The aver
age rental which the applicant to tjie .
United States Homes Reglstratkm-.
Service at the present time feels ablsK.
to pay Is $23 per month, though tiSs""
range is fairly wide, extending from .'
$12 to $60 per month. ."-. . .
The last weekly report . submitted
to Washington by the manager.-of te. "
Milwaukee office indicates that-3
lng the preceding S days . 24 'ap'pll
tions were received for houses,
which not a single one could ba.f
and ST applications, for asartp
natsv of which only S-mH
Tided.
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