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U 'RESCRIPTION WAS THE AMAZING CODE THAT BAFFLED ALL WRITTEN 60 ' YEARS AGO The Troa History of Fatter Join's Medicine OUT-WITTING THE HUNS . ' One cf the interesting placet In Secrets of Escapes From German Prison Camps Revealed For the First Time. : miwcii, .viass., is me oiu HlXMnrwary fhoo on Merrimack street, established I in 1827. This location is still a drug in many departments. The old pre scription bcH-ks, however, have been BY MART STIACKLEFORD )'rcrveu inu iurm an interesting record covering nearly a century. (Copyright 1919 By The International News Bureau, Inc.) - THE TIMES: JUNE 5, 1919, y ... I Perhaps one of .he mot interesting books is thnt of v.e year 1855. On one of the page) c '. th s book, that dated June 9th, 135'. i? w.-'tten the original prescription tor Father John's Medi cine. Thi prrcriftion was com pounded f r the Reverend Father John O'Brien at ths old drug store on that date, and was so successful i n treating Father John's ailment, which was a severe cold and throat trouble, that he recom mended the medicine to his friends and parishioners. In iroing to the drug store and calling for the medicine, ther Tb Old PrMcritrtkHi Book always asked for Father John's Medi cine, and in this way the medicine got its name and was advertised. Father John's Medicine is a safe family medicine for colds, coughs, throat troubles, and as a tonic and body builder, because it does not con tain opium, morphine, chloroform, and any other poisonous drugs, or alcohol, but is all pure, wholesome nourishment. costixi'E ixot iiiifxtors. London. Jtn 5 Thf General Id ' cratlon of Trades Unions has re 1 qupwted that the Food Controller's ivpnrtment continue to exist for a its! Z limn, until the world recovers Its po litical and economic f auillbrlum, not , nn expensive department but as a , nkelrton depart men t to facilitate and i not to restrict distribution. ;be pretty! turn i gray hair dark Try Grnndnioiher's old Favor ite Hi-ripe of Sajje Tea and Sulphur. Almost everyone knows that Sage Tea ami Sulphur, properly compound ed, brings back the natural color and lustre to the. hair when faded, streak ed or gray. Tenra ago the only way to Ret this mixture was to make It at Vi n .ti n whlph 1 tti iimiv ami tcniihla. y some. Nowadays, by asking at any ilrus store for "Wjeth's Sage and Sul- I pnur compouna. you win got a large buttle of this famous olu recipe, lm- r' nvoved bv the addition of other in gredients, at a small cost. Dont stay gray! Try It! No one ran possibly tell that you darkened your hair, as It does it so naturally and evenly. You dampen a. sponge or rft brush with it and draw this hrough your hair, taking one small strand at a time; by morning the gray lialr disappears, and after another ap plication or two, your hair becomes beautifully dark, glossy and attractive. Adv. FRENCH III Y HORSES. IVTth the American Army of Oecu lat;on, June 4 t American army horses, some of which last year haul ei artillery over tho battlefields of Krance, will this summer be used by French peasants tn various districts a aids in tilling the soil of hundreds ff acres of devastated regions. Detail for the sale of 10.000 Amer ican army horses and mules to the French government were completed recently at the headquarters of the American Army of Occupation. These animals are to be shipped from the occupied area of the Khlneland to franca by rail and sold by the French government direct to the peasants. Trie first batch of 1.000 horses sold to the French under this arrange pent brought about S200 each. Teach Children to Use Cdkura fcr Hair and Skin That they may have lood hair and dear skin through life. Try rhis treatment for the hair. At night sub Cuticura Ointment into part ings all over the scalp. Next morn ing ahampoowifh Cuticura Soap and hot water. Nothing bettor than Ctstienra for all toilet parpoaea. Times Want Ads. One Cent a (Continued from Testerday.) Boies ot ThtV. It Is a fact, fairly well known, that all parcels to prisoners were very carefully examined. In many cases they were turned out in the presence of the prisoners, but In all circum stances they were Inspected with a great deal of oare. Tet the articles that the young man required arrived in successive fort nights. Moreover, ho received a let ter elcnrd by Gunner Smith, who thoughtfully put his regimental num ber on the top page, hoping he was well an'l expressing his solicitude for his employer's safety. This letter the young man decoded and so was able to know where he could look Tor tho articles when they arrived. Jut before this there had been soma escapes from Karlsruhe, and the authorities were extraordinarily vljllant. With the first parcel that came after the nrrlval of the letter were two long boxes about eight In ches long and three or four inches wtilo. Now the committee was not only Ingenious, but it had an extraordin ary knowledge of the prejudices of humanity as well as, as we shall see, of the peculiar mentality of the Ger man humorist. Dates are sticky thtnrs which peo ple reluctantly touch with their hands. The examining German of ficer turned out the dates In the presence of tho prisoner with a knife, sorted them over and after an In spection of the box put them back Mysledy-plggledy, pressing them down with his knife. The box was then handed over to the-prisoner, who took it to his room, carefully slit the wooden bottom edgeways, and there discovered his flic. Had they been anything but dates, for example, if they had been biscuits, he might have had to carry them away in his hands or In his pocket. Because they were dates, and very sticky dates, the box was given to him to carry away. A fortnight later came a small wooden box of biscuits, which was examined and passed through to him, the examiner, however, taking tho precaution of breaking up the sides of the box, which were thick, to see that it contained no contra band. The wrecked receptacle and its contents were handed over to the prisoner, the bottom of the box be ing so thin that it aroused no suspic ion. It was, however, here that tha map was to be found, since the bot tom had been made of three-ply wood, and between two layers that map had been pressed, and it was only necessary for the prisoner to pull ofT one of the wooden layers to discover his German map intact, A Subtle Schema. The conveyance of the compass, however, was really the chef d'oeu vre of the committee. A compass is a. very difficult thing to conceal. You cannot hide it away in three ply wood. It is too bulky, even the smallest of compasses, to "palm," and because of its delioate adjustment cannot be folded up or taken to pieces. " KINSMAN OF WASHINGTON One of the proudest boasts of the Shirley family of Kn gland, which is neauca oy me eievemn .can eerrers, is tho relationship between their clan and the W'ashlngtons of Sulgrave Manor, the family which gave to America the father and first president of the -United States. The Shirleys trace their descent to the time of Edward the Confessor, and Sir Thomas Shirley was a dis tinguished soldier 1n the fourteenth century, while his son was killed at Fhrewsbury and his grandson was a commander at Asincourt. The grand father of the first Earl Ferrers mar ried tho daughter of the celebrated Earl of Essex, and the first Earl mar ried Elizabeth Washington, the daughter of Lawrence Washington and tho niece of Robert Washington, the Lord of Su'.grave Manor and the ancestor of George Washington in the dirert male line. The present Earl Ferrers was born 55 years ago today, June 6, 1864, the son of a clergyman, and Inherited the title and estates from his cousin sev eral years ago. lie was prominent as an architect long before he gained his title. The Earl has many ancestor of which he may feel proud, there was also one who distinguished him self chiefly by being hanged on a gal lows fitted with a drop, being the first person in England so executed. Thfc unfortunate Individual was the fourth Karl Forres, who was tried and con victed by his peers of the murder of one of his servants. The Earl ad mitted his guilt, declaring that he had committed the crime while in a fit of ungovernable rage, and that the House of Lords decreed that he be expelled from that body by hanging Being a peer, he ha1 the privilege of : being hanged with a silken rope a j privilege which Sir Roger Casement j demanded before he went to hia death early in th war. He waa also per mitted to drive to Tyburn, the place of execution In West London, in his Own coach. The first use of the drop -was not highly successful, for the toes of the Earl touched the ground, and he lowly strangled to death. A re markable circumstance conneoted with the case was that the Earl's wife testified against htm at his trial, and for this he cursed her long and load, and called upon God to roast her to death. In order that her passing might be more painful than his. The woman married again, and lived to a ripe old age, but in due time the curse waa fulfilled, for she waa burned to death in her bed. . Advertise in The Times Later, however, simple magnetised needles were sent forward In great numbers. Supported on a pin they would always give the escaper the true north.) When the next lot of parcels came there was one containing a. tin which, when the examiners attempted to open it emitted the vilest of aromas. The assistant-commandant, who was superintending the distribution was appealed to. Pah!" he said, holding his nose "bad eggs." The tin was opened and found to contain an evll-smelllng yellow mass of yolk and white and broken shells. "Who Is It for 7" asked the com mandant. They showed him the name on the label, and a slow grin passed over his face. "Certainly, send "for him," he said. When the prisoner arrived the commandant said "I have a parcel for you which I shall be very glad if you will take away." "A parcel?" said the prisoner eager. iy. "I hope you will like it," said the commandant, and handed over the package, smiling with Joy as he saw the prisoner's face fall. "You will find an egg that isn't cracked," he said. "I hope you will enjoy it." The one egg that wasn't cracked was a china egg, and Inside that egg was the compass. The other eggs had been especially chosen for their ancient and smelly character, and had been put in the tin, well know ing that on the Journey they would be broken, and knowing, too, that the commandant could not resist the temptation of handing over a parcel so' unattractive to his unfortunate charge. So the prisoner got his map, compass and file, and two months later was in Britain. Efforts of the committee were al ways splendidly seconded by the prisoners. Almost every officer in carcerated In Germany hard a code of some sort. If you write with a new pen and instead of using ink, simply wet the pen on your tongue, you leave no mark on the paper, but the written words can be "brought up by holding the paper In front of a fire. It is the simplest form of secret writing, and it was one which was very frequently used until the Ger mans got wind of it and began test ing the letters on hot plates. Ijetters In Oodo. Another method of secret writing was to prick certain letters or words with a. pin. But a code number, such as that which I have quoted, was best, because it was most diffloult to detect, and a man could use a code figure which it would be impossible for him to forget If he chose some well-remembered combination like the year of his birth (omitting the noughts) or the date of his Joining the Army. The triangular and cir cle codes which the German Secret Service professes to have invented were as familiar to the average Brit ish prisoner as his own right hand. (To be Continued.) LIBERIA. The first president of the American Colonization Society, which founded the republic of Liberia, on the west coast of Africa, was Bushrod Wash ington, who was born in Virginia 1E7 years ago today, June 5, 1S62, and who was a nephew of George Wash ington. He served as a private sol dier in the revolution and afterwards was elevated to the United States Su preme Court. While himself an owner of many slaves, he was deeply Interested in the movement for re storing the Africans in America to their native continent. He was one of the pioneers in the organization of the American Colonization Society, which was launched 10S years ago, in the latter part of 1816. Henry Clay. John Randolph and other eminent men were also prominent in the movement. In 1820 the society sent 8 negroes back to Africa in a gov ernment vessel, and in that year a constitution for the colony, which was named Liberia, was adopted. The colony continued to be in charge of agents and governors appointed by the society until 1847, when its rights were voluntarily surrendered, and the independence of Liberia was pro claimed and was recognized by the United States, Great Britain and France. LOTTERIES. The first of the states of the Union to suppress the lottery was Massa chusetts, under a law passed 90 years ago today, June 5, 1829. Sporadic at tempts to abolish the lottery had pre viously been made by other American states and colonies, but they were not very successful owing to the popu larity of the lotteries. The example of Massachusetts was speedily fol lowed In other states, but It was not until 25 years ago that the last lot tery In the United States was sup pressed. The Louisiana State Lot tery was the last Important institu tion of this kind in America. Its charter expired in 1194 and a bitter fight waa waged for Its renewal. The lottery company offered the state SI, 000,000 a. year, double its former offer, for the privilege of continuing; in business, but public sentiment was too' strong, and the proposed consti tutional amendment to continue the lottery was rejected by the voters at a state election. Lotteries originated In Florence. Italy, In 160 and for three centuries they were permitted to ' operate In nearly all countries with little or no governmental restraint. Look at These Shirts for " Smart styles in just the effects which are fashionable now. lavender. Also neat stripes. Separate collars with each shirt. Cool $1 43 nnex price- Great Bargains for the Week End Early morning hours are best for bargain hunting time of year The basement is cool and pleasant and there are loads of tempting articles. Georgette Waists These are really stunning. In all the popu lar colors, bisque, navy, red, grey, coral and turquoise. Smart contrasting colors are used for trimming., such as coral waist with grey edge on ruffled collar, white with pale pink on collar. New tucked and embroidered effects, attractive ruffled collars. Limited quanity at, Boys' Blouses Very practical for summer wear are these blouses. Easily laundered. In plain white and stripes. Attached soft collars, pockets'. Hemmed Huck Towels Half linen Good quality, very absorbent. Nobody ever had too many towels, and these are 29 cts f News of Fraternal I Orders in The City SONS OF ST. GEORGE. The Floneer lodge. Sons of St. George, I. or een in existence for the past S7 years ai.O is Interesting to note that John Knight, Rhf was elect' ed the first secretary, atill holJs thai office which means that he has been lected In that position for 74 success, lve terms.' This official holds the record of any fraternal man in the city for length of office and the Pioneer lodge is proud of the fact that he has again decided to stand another term although there waa soma talk that be was to resign. cts. Housekeeping Things Silkoline Comfortables Filled with nice clean cotton. Good summer weight. $2.69 the Read Hnrfcx Grand Deputy Tom Johnson will instal the newly elected officers of the Magna Charta lodge,- Sons of St George, this evening at 178 Fairfield avenue. On Saturday evening he will go to Ansonia where he will take charge of the installation of officers of the Lord Nelson lodge. Monday evening was installation of officers of the Pioneer lodge, when the ceremony was performed by EURALGIA or Headache Rub the forehead and temples with V V-YOUT BOd Men's Union Suits Athletic knee style, striped nainsook, dur able and convenient for summer. Annex price Remnants of Cream Serge Five hundred yards in lengths from one to seven and a half yards. This is the desirable material for suits and separate skirts for sports and regular summer wear. cts. Light French serge and the heavier weaves priced according to amount and quality. Plain and Plaid Mohair For sports suits and separate skirts, inches. Black and navy Mohair. Black and navy Mohair, fine quality and high lustre. Nice for bathing suits. 0 cts. Scarfs This is about half the price this quality will be a little later in the year. Embroidered scarfs in durable material and pleasing de signs. Suitable Tor sideboards, bureaus, or luncheon runners. 49 cte. Grand Deputy Tom Johnson of this city. A large attendance of members were present. The new president is W. J. Wood, who created a sensation a couple of years ago by enlisting In the service of the British forces, leav ing A. wife and several grown up chil dren behind him. - At the time of his enlistment he occupied the presiden tial chair but as the term was not completed, he was elected to act this term. TODAY'S ANKTVERASARV. John Fitch's pioneer steamboat made its first trip as a passenger and freight craft . on the Delaware, from Philadelphia to Trenton, 129 years ago today. It was propelled by a dozen oars worked by steam, and ran Men Plain pink, blue and and nice for hot days. cts. to C7 ? 27 cts. 36 inches. cts. Mercerized Damask In the most attrac tive patterns. There is a new tulip design, fleur-de-lis, polka dot and striped damask. 72 inches wide. cts. a yd. 80 miles against wind and v tide in 1 IT hours. This boat made regular trip for about four months! S.000 miles tit all. Fitch gained no profit and little" fame from his invention, and died itX extreme poverty. - 2 Fat People 1 Get Tltiia Seat safe home method. Get a small cox of oil of koreln at the druggist's. Follow plain directions of Koreln system under flOO guarantee. Obtain slender, symmetrical figure with better health' ana personality. New. book tells alt about reducing weight quickly, pleasantly, Ian lnky, mailed free to you: write to Kor . Chr? Kir-69, Station F, New York, ti, , r 't ; v. . .... v - - .. '