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THE TEIES: JULY 15, 1919
THE. BRIDGEPORT TIMES
fuinni rnii ftoiimn!
And Evening Farmer
( FOUNDED 1T00.)
Bryaat, Griffith 4k Brunson, New York. Boston and Chicago
UEllSIA OB THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
THE STORY OF ALCOHOL
WHAT IT IS-HOW IT HAS SPREAD THROUGH THE
WORLD HOW IT HAS BEEN CONQUERED
iWULLUI, HO iff Hn
BY TE BRITISH!
Treated "With Courtesy of
Published by Tho Farmer Publishing Co., IT Fairfield Ave.. Bridgeport, Conn.
DAILY... .60o month, 84.00 per year WEEKLY $1.00 per year In advance
The Aeeoolated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for republication
of all new dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited la this paper
and alee the local news published herein.
Entered at Post Office, Bridgeport, Connecticut, ae second olass matter.
GAVE ACCOUNT OF
Had Hoped Long To Visit
United States. .
TUESDAY, JUIY 15, 191.
XHE COURTS having decided that the heirs of those who
were destroyed on the Lusitania may not recover dam
ages, Germany Leyig solely responsible, raises a question as
to the future of such claims.
Unquestionably British nationals may recover damages
under the provisions of the peace treaty, in which it is speci
fically provided that Germany is to compensate enemy civil
ians for every species of damage occasioned by the war, par
ticularly including the damage occasioned by submarine oper
ations. That American natiqnals, injured on the Lusitania, are pro
vided for is doubtful. Part VIII of the Treaty, which relates to
reparation, provides, in Par. 232, that Germany will make com
pensation for all damage done to the civilian population of the
Allied and Associated Powers "During the period of the belli
gerency of each" as an Allied or Associated power.
The United Slates was not a belligerent at the period of
the sinking of the Lusitunia.
More probably the compensation of American claimants
must be sought from the fund of $600,000,000, in the possession
of the Alien Property Custodian, the fund derived from the
sale of seized enemy property.
Article 252 says, "The right of each of tlAllied and As
sociated Powers or their nationals respectively to dispose of
enemy assets and property within its jurisdiction at the date
of the coming into force of the present treaty is not affected by
the foregoing provisions."
The provision referred to are the financial clauses of the
This fund of !$GOO,000,000 is at the disposal of the United
States, and is more than enough to make all reimbursements
for damages sustained by this country or any of its nationals
during the period of belligerency in which the United States
was not itself a belligerent.
The American citizens who have claims rising from the
destruction of the Lusitania need not therefore be debarred
from just compensation.
XHE DOMINANT defect in American procedure against
high prices is the excess of abusive noise over actual
The Sherman law, which provides penalties of fine and
imprisonment for restraints of trade, has not in any degree
lessened tho price of any commodity. The law probably has
aided in tho increase of prices.
Fines have been ineffectual. The separation of large into
smaller units has been barren of remedy. Juries have usually
refused to inflict jail sentences.
The operations by which prices are increased are-so in ac
cord with the principle that business will buy in the lowest
and sell in the highest market, that -average American citizens
refuse to punish in a criminal way, those who carry the pre
cept to a logical conclusion.
The report of the Hartford Ice Committee is unusually free
from mere denunciations and more than usually strong in its
suggestion for remedy.
Hartford owns its own water supply, which is managed by
a competent board of business men.
It is this circumstance that causes the committee to favor
a natural rather than an artificial ice supply.
The committee recommends
concrete, to hold 160,000 tons, a two years supply. The extra
supply would tide Hartford over a mild winter, when little
or no ice could be cut.
The ice houses would be rented to a person familiar with
the ice business, at a rental of 10 per cent, on the investment.
The lessee would cut and store his own ice, have rthe sole right
to deliver ice to the citizens, and would agree to deliver at not
more than 45 cents a hundred pounds.
The cost of the ice houses is estimated at $500,000.
The Hartford committee recommends the sale of ice by
weight, rather than by the piece and concludes with a recom
mendation for the criminal prosecution of the heads of the ice
The recommendation for a municipally controlled ice sup
ply, simple as it is, carries certain economic changes which are
of highest importance.
It is of the essence of the proposed arrangement that de
liveries shall be unified, one wagon on one street.
But a unified delivery implies the denial of the right to
do an ice business to all individuals, except the city itself, or Its
However violently such an arrangement may oppose cus
tom, it is economically reasonable and desirable, for the same
reasons that make it advisable to have one supply of water
gas or electricity, rather than several. '
The waste of many delivery wagons on the same street, to
deliver one simple commodity to each home on a street, i's a
very large waste. '
S IR. EDWARD CARSON is among those able, narrow, in
tellectual men who thrive by the inlensitv f thai
hatreds. His speech to the Ulsteriles, in which he attemDted to
J I V 41 . . 1 f . 1 .... .
uoDvruro mu jjujjuc enterprises wmcft America may and may
not undertake, has a queer sound, coming from a man who is
presumed to bo a statesman and a student.
The London Times, recognizing in Carson's language a
source oi orrense lo America,
'loruwjjw insnmon In America have the right to be interested
In lh Irish question, says Tho Times, and the right to make it
an American question.
. The proposition needs no proof. The Irish question is an
Amsrlcaa-fliuesthjn. America is united in the belief that Ire-
TIIE ICE PROBIJiM
the erection of ice houses of
rebukes him in stout terms. The
In a good many ways the approach
of the day when prohibition Is to be
enforced throughout tho United States
la one of the epochal events of history.
Other things than alcohol have been
pot under the baa of lew gambling.
slavery and nm:vcrous others that have j
seemed harmful to th proS'K3 of !
mankind. But nona of th hsv ixenj
so universal tu alcohol cor Kns any ;
one of thexa hero , traced so fur back i
Into ifce dtnsi.aBst pri.-.B hir.aa j
history. So it stoma nor th tixnellefit !
of ttraely subjects for inustro.t!cn in ;
Everyone Is familiar with the war
that has beenwaged against alcohol
In this country and with the details of
the victory, that has been woo over It. 1
Now that so few -weeks remain during
which intoxicating llquifs can be sold. 1
land should have freedom, and means to bring its opinion tc
the ears of the British government by every reasonable means
of moral suasion.
The unity of English speaking people is a desirable ideal.
There can be nothing but a defective friendship while the dis
turbing Irish question remains resettled.
XIIE AMERICAN Legion is the largest organization of
world war veterans. It has in Biringham, Alabama, a
large post. The members of this post include many who saw
war at its worst, who participated in the deadliest battles.
When these veterans learned that Senator Reed was to appear
in Birmingham, preaching against the Covenant of the League,
they decided to administer a rebuke that might reach to the
Senate Chamber in Washington.
They passed a resolution requesting all Americans to stay
away from Senator Reed's meeting.
Copies of tho resolution were presented to Senator Reed
by a committee of the post.
It is to be hoped that a copy of the resolution will get to
Senator Brandegee. It. may restrain him from further declara
tions that efforts to serve humanity, by avoiding war, are
LOOKING BACK 50 TEARS
(From The Farmer, Tuesday, July 15, i860)
The sloop Henry M. Ridgely, is at Gregory's Dock, with
33,000 brick from Long Island.
An old man has been enlivening our streets for the past
few days by cheap music on a ' bag pipe."
A young French gentleman wants board in a genteel fam
ily. See advertisement.
The boy, Scoffield, who was shot, on the beach, on Sunday,
remains about the same; though confined to his bed he suf
fers little or none from pain. The doctor has made further ef
forts to find the ball. The fact that he can use all of his limbs
shows that his spine is uninjured.
We hear that Mr. John S. Benham is making arrangements
to build six first class tenement houses on the vacant lot owned
by Henry Wales at the corner of West and Beaver streets.
They will be ready for occupancy next spring. Also a block on
West street at the head of John.
Several bath houses have been erected, some feet above
high water, on the beach, Fairfield side, by persons who wish
to partake of the luxury and benefits of sea bathing. They are
made of rough boards and scantling, and of course not expen
sive. We suppose they are all private property. At Newport
a hundred or more such structures are on the beach, and gen
eially are owned by the proprietors of the hotels, who em
ploy persons to look after them; and see that they are kept in
proper order and not molested.
By the usual announcement in another column, it will be
seen that the young lady, nee Miss Lottie Beers of Newtown,
whose troubles with her husband, Mr. Nichols, created so much
excitement a few months ago; in this section, where the parties
were known, has been married again, this time to Coh Geb
hard, of New York. It is understood that 6he removed a short
time ago to Indiana, where she obtained one of those con
venient divorces, which can be so easily obtained in that state,
and has now been united with "the man of my choice."
Preparations, we notice, are being made for opening a road
running north from the new Stratford road, east side of old
Mill Hill through to the old stage road over that Hill. The de
sign is, we believe, to bring the land into the market ere long,
in the .shape of building lots. The march of improvement is
plain to bo seen" in that section of old Stratford. On the crown
of the hill, two more new buildings have been started, and
are already enclosed. Both front on the old Peacock road, and
occupy positions which give them a full view of the city, and
also a. view of the Sound as far as the eye can reach.
So. 1 WIXE DEIXKI5G 15
It will be worth while to glance at its
history and, as we come nearer our
own time to notice the gathering
strength of the prohibition movement
and its most notable manifestations.
First of all, what Is alcohol? It is
a colorless liquid that can be manufac
tured by fermeciatlon and distillation
from practtcaliy any starchy or sugar
contaiTjlnjt material. Although the
POkmIM materials are practically
jiun-iteerlesa, oily a few are of great
importanoe to the liquor traffic of to
day. These are cereals and potatoes
among the starchy plants, and grepea,
segftr-cana and cane molasses among
those rich io sugar.
When was alcohol first used as a
drink? That is oire of the questions
that can never be answered. The pic
ture reproduced above is one of the
earliest that we possess of a drinking
EGTFT 0TES 3,000 TEARS AGO.
scene. It shows (a ancient Egyptian
of more than 3,000 years ago, with his
wife, child and servants. . The child" Is
holding up a lotus flower for his fa
ther to smell and an attendant Is In
viting him to drink from a bowl of
wine. The little lines projecting ftrom
the bowl and topped with circles rep
resent flowers which the Egyptians
were fond of UBlng in their wine bowls
because of their fragrance an decora
This picture of mpre than 30 cen
turies ago seems far enough removed
from us in time but authorities upon
the curious life of that earliest period
of a high civilisation say that the
Egyptians ha4 at least four kinds of
wiuo 6,000 years ago.
But the ancient Egyptians were not
restricted to wine. They knew how to
' make beer over 6,000 years ago. This
An Egyptian Wlno-pTee.
CURTIS TO BE
Judge John W. Banks -who has re
signed the position as referee in Bank
ruptcy in order that he may assume
the duties as a julgre of the Superior
Court to -which he has been selected
sayis that there is no requirement that
his succcor as referee should have
-been admitted to the bar for any
definite length o time. The only re
quirement is that the incumbent of
the office of referee be a lawyer in
The friends of Judge Howard W.
Curtis of Stratford are certain that he
will be appointed to the position by
U. S. Oifr-trict Judge Edwin . Thomas
during the present week.
Judge Banks' resignation does not
go into effect until December 'but he
has requested that his successor take
office on October 1 so that he can take
charge of all bankruptcy matters that
come after that date and this will give
Ju':jre Banks time to clean up all old
matters on the docket.
Twenty-two candidates for promo
tions and commissions in the State
Gaurd took examinations last night
at the High school under the direc
tion of a -board composed of Majo
Louis J. Herrmann, Lieut. Col. S. P.
Cronan, 'Capt. Donald Mclntyre, and
Capt. H. C. Stevenson. The papers
will be sent to headquarters -with the
recommendations of the -boardi and the
results wil be announced later in the
Those who took the examinations
were: First Lieutenant B. W. Lee
and Second Lieut. Oliver T. Rule,
Corporal Leroy I. Holly and Privates
Charles H. Peck and J. W. Gallagher
of Co. EJ, Stamford: Corporals U. 3.
King and H. T. Wellington. Co. L,
Stratford; Sergt. John M. Wade and
Sergt. F. A. Rantz, Co. C, Bridgeport;
Sergt. Arthur Brewer, Sergt. Wilhelm
Winter, Cprporal J. P. Fheip-s, Cor
poral A. C. Smith, and Privates A. E.
Hayes, J. A. Stevenson and Stanley
N. Beans of Co. I, Bridgeport ; Sergt.
,X A. Ratchford, Corpora F. C. Lund
gren, and Private Peter I Iverson,
Co. K, Bridgeport; iSergfc. A. C. Kari
ner and Corporal Nehemlah Candee of
he Fifth Separate Co., South Nor
walk. ELKS CHAMPION
OF U. S. GOV'T
Thte Benevolent and Protective, Or
der of Elks, in Grand Lodge assem
bled In Atlantic City, N. J.. has gone
on record formally as a staunch ad
vocate and champion of the thrift
campaign (by the United States Gov
ernment and the contiuued sale of
Thrift Stamps, War Savings Stamps
and Treasury Savings Certificates.
'.Resolutions -vers adopted urging
that the encouragement of regular
savings e made a permanent part of
the work y the Treasury (Depart
ment. iAH State associations and sub.
ordinate loMiges of the Order of Elkf
will ibe requested to consider and ay
prove of the movement. t
Gladys Leslie has Just been pros
anted with a perfectly equipped tour
In? car. Miss Leslie does sot Ilk'
motoring such is fat. Pass over th
car. -CHadbra. . .
brewed from red barley an
there were two kinds. One was verj
strong in alcohol and tho other wai
apparently only slightly alcoholics
perhaps a forecast of the beer thai
some of the brewers of today are talk
ing a bent making after July 1.
Although the Egj"ptian, civilization
s the oldest of wbjch we have knowl
edge it is not certain that they wen
the first to experiment with intoxicat
ing liquors. In Egypt, Greece and
Rome alcohol has been known for ca
long a period that the people ascrib
ed the -invention of it to their gods.
-And it has beqn Inferred that the pre
historic people who had reached a par
tially civilized development In Switz
erland perhaps 7,000 years ago may
have known the taste of wine, fox
grape seeds have been found in the r
mains of thetr ruined houses.
IGE TRUST MEN
Committee Reports . Alleged
Violations of State and
CITY URGED TO
Want Water Board to Sup
ply Natural Ice Through.
Ilartford, July 15 Summary of
the committee appointed in this city
to investigate the so-called ice com
bine is given below:
Operations of the ice trust indicate
a clear violation of the state, if not
the federal laws. Many dealers have
been driven out of business by un
fair competition. Business of a
Hartford company, the only guaran
tee of cheap ice, was turned over to
competitors with the understanding
that nearly half the ice used in Hart
ford be bought of the Berkshire Ice
Company, and prices were immedi
ately advanced and have continued
Temporary ice stations have been
opened where ice may be purchased
under the cash and carry plan for 30
cents a hundred less than the regu
lar delivery price. This arrange
ment satisfies but a small part of the
city's population, however.
It is suggested that the city engage
in the ice business through the board
of water commissioners. supplying
natural ice in an arrangement with
a reputable dealer, the city to build
ice houses near the reservoirs and
charge fair rentals for their use.
It is also recommended that ice be
sold by weight instead of by the
piece, to protect the public against
Investigations in this and other
cities included the methods of the
conduct of business by the ice deal
era, and proved that Hartford is at
the mercy of a few men who are in
turn directed by the will of Harry
Walker of Bridgeport, and com
petition is throttled as a result.
Re-routing, which secured a de
crease of 20 cents a hundred in the
retail price in Bridgeport, could not
be secured because the dealers in
Hartford claimed it 'violated the law.
Violations of the law which tend to
increase rather than decrease prices,
however, are readily made.
Hartford dealers made no sincere
effort to provide for the requirements
of this city last winter, but instead
shipped large quantities of Ice to
other sections at great profit, taking
advantage of the ice shortage in
other sections for their own enrich
ment and to the disadvantage of this
Positive information as to the ex
istence of an ice trust has been se
cured and It is reoommended that
lmsnedlate steps be taken to bring
the heads of the various Ice compan
ies and their agents who have vio
lated the laws to Justice through
- the weather.
New Haven, July 15 Kor New
Haven and vicinity: Unsettled,
showery weather tbla afternoon
and tonight; Wednesday, fair.
For Connecticut: Showers and
thunderstorms this afternoon and
tonight; Wednesday fair; moder
ate temperature; fresh Bouth
shifting to wea
winds, IMa taaaxIM.
One hundred and four years ago I
today, on July 15. 181a, Napoleon .
Bonaparte, the defeated and outlaw-1
ed Corsican, gazed upon the shores
of France for the last time. Throw- '
ing himself upon the mercy of Eng
land, he boarded the Bellerophon.
and began that tragic journey which
was to end on St. Helena. During :
the voyage to England, which occu
pied eight days, Napoleon was treat
ed with distinguished respect, by
Capt. Maitland and all the other offi
cers and the members of the crew
of the Bellerophon. He was given
all the consideration due to a foreign
prince, and although tke British gov
ernment later ordered that he be
treated only as a general officer, ye
so completely had he won the admir
ation of all on board that there was
little change in his treatment.
During the voyage the deposed
Emperor conversed familiarly with
the officers, seamen and marines of
the Bellerophon. He discussed the
details of the battle of Waterloo at
great length, and expressed himself
freely and without reserve on all
questions connected with European
politics. He told Capt. Maitland that
he would have killed himself rather
than surrender to the Prussians, Aus
trians. or Russians. He expressed
the opinion that the sovereigns of
those countries were despots and
would not have hesitated to order
his immediate execution had he fallen
into their hands. He added that in
throwing himself upon the gener
osity of the English people and in
voking the protection of British, laws
he hoped that he might be permitted
to settle in England and there spend
the remainder of his life. He was
disappointed, he said, in failing In
his plans to reach the United States,
as he entertained a lively affection,
for the new republic and its people,
and felt sure that he would have
been hospitably received.
In his many conversations he fre
quently asserted that he was forever
through with politics and ambition.
Before he left Rochefort he had re
fused the Invitation of the French
Army of the Loire to place himself
at its head, and he explained this ac
tion by saying that he was determine
ed that not another drop of blood
should be shed on his account. As
to his failure at Waterloo, he inti
mated that he had been, betrayed by
some of his generals, and that their
defection left him no chance against
the bravery of the best troops In the
world. He was sometimes bitter in
his denunciation of those whom he
accused of treachery, but for the most
part he was philosophic and appar-
According to his associates on the
Bellerophon, Napoleon bore little re"
semblance to the thin faced and
slender First Consul of France. One
of the officers of the Bellerophon
wrote: "Napoleon is about five feet
seven inches in height, very strongly
made, and well proportioned. He is
rather fat, and his stomach protube
rant, but he appears active notwith
standing. His step and demeanor are
altoegther commanding. His chest
is broad and deep, and his legs and
thighs are strong and well made,
with a small and handsome foot. His
countenance is sallow, as if it were
deeply tinged by hot climates, but
the most commanding I ever saw.
His eyes are gray, and the most
piercing you can imagine. His glance,
you fancy, searches into your inner
most thoughts. His hair is dark
brown with no appearance of gray."
TO AID SOLDIERS
In order to help soldiers secura
citizenship papers a special session
of the superior court will "be held
next week at which time all thosa
who applied for papers while in the
service and were in the army prior to
May 9, 1918, will be heard. The ses
sion will probably be held next Mon
day, although the date has not been
definitely decided upon. There are'
between 70 and 80 applications of
soldiers already on file.
LOCAL FIRM IS
ON STATE ROAD
Four road contracts, involving about
$62,000, ware awarded yesterday by
State Highway Commissioner Charles
J. Bennett, as follows:
Danbury About ,965 feet of graded
road, awared to F. B. Hastings, No.
1,200 Wood avenue, Bridgeport, for
IS TO HINDER
Bacauee the draw of the Stratford,
avenue bridge will bo open, from
11:80 p. m. until 4:30 a. m. ' whils
the electrical apparatus Is being In
stalled, trolley patrons will be some
what delayed during that period.
Eastbound cars will make a detour
over the Congress, street bridge to
Barnum avenue, to East Main street
to Stratford avenue. West ' hound
cars will go over the same loop.
TO TAKE LIFE
Depressed by . fianclal troubles,
Leenard Mainiero, ,42, of 68 Lee ave
nue, took bis life yesterday toy open
ing a gas Jet In his room . at his -home.
He was , discovered by; hta .
wlfa at o'clock in Vam nw - v--,-'
ah : rrtoriMd from ;H