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THE BRIDGEPORT TIMES
And Evening Farmer
Bryant, Qrtfnth Brunaon, New York, Deslon and Chicago
MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Ialllshed by The Farmer Publishing Co.. 179 Fairfield Are., Bridgeport, Conn.
XJAJLY . . . .60o mgnth, fS.OO per year ( WEEKLY $1.00 per year In advance
The Associated Preaa la exclusively entitled to the use for republication
of all new dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited In this paper
and also the lucal news published herein.
Entered at Post Office. Bridgeport. Connecticut, as second class matter.
MONDAY, Al'GVST 4, 1919.
GOLD IS cheap, therefore prices are high, some econo
Wheat is high, therefore prices are high, says another
Inflation is the cause, declares a third thinker.
All of these explanations are sound as far as they go. If
gold has a fixed valuo and wheat rises from a dollar to two
dollars a bushel, it will take twice as much gold to buy the
same quantity of wheat. But the change obviously would be
in the wheat, not in the gold.
If, on the contrary, the value of gold should double more
wheat would have to be given.
There is in the world abundant evidence that wheat and
other commodities have increased in value. But none that
gold has decreased.
Gold has remained the same, but wheat has more than dou
bled. The main cause of high prices is the war, which made a
big market in which commodities could be freely sold. Every
body who has anything to sell tries to sell it at a profit, and the
easier it is to sell things, the more profit can be demanded, so
war necessarily brings rising in prices.
War makes prices rise for another reason. War is not
productive, and the things used to carry on a war have to be
taken out of the stock which the producers created.
This burden rests upon individuals in the form of taxes,
and especially in the form of income taxes.
High prices are good for the man who actually proauces
goods, but bud for the investor, who simply hold3 a debt.
This will be appreciatrd through a simple illustration. If
the government borrowed $2,000,000 and bought one million
bushels of wheat at $2 a bushel, it will make quite a difference
in the discharge of the debt whether wheat remains at $2 or
drops to $1. In the latter case it would take two million bush
els to pay the obligation, and the drain upon labor, land and
the like would be double. This would work against the wheat
producer unless he held enough government debt to equalize
The war is not the only cause of high prices. The auto
mobile is a factor, in the direct extent to which it is used pure
ly for pleasure without productive return, and so is every oth
er unproductive thing which men add to their conveniences.
The present conditions, generally speaking, are working
out better for. the wage earners and the distributors of goods.
Those who fix prices can take c are of themselves. Strongly
organized labor can take care of itself, though not so conveni
ently or so well.
The investing class those who live on incomes, proceeds
of trust funds, on fixed salaries and so on are being slowly and
The income tax, graduated until it takes 70 per cont of in
comes above a million dollars a year, already shows its effect
in the circumstance that these great incomes have decreased
heavily within a single year.
CONGRESS IS anxious to deal with the railroad problem.
It accuses the President of "passing the buck," which
means that the President has put up the solution of a difficult
problem to the legislators.
But the President hasn't power to settle the railroad prob
lem himself. He can give the lines back to their private own
ers. But he can't unscramble them, lie can't pass laws.
Congress doesn't like the job, because the Congressmen
must decide between two powerful groups, the private owners
of the railroads and the railroad workers.
All the great labor organizations, headed by the American
Federation of Labor and backed by all the Railroad Brother
hoods have joined to back the Plumb Plan League.
This is a plan for public railroad ownership which was
conceived by Glenn E. Plumb, general counsel for the organiz
ed railway employes of America.
The broad elements of the Plumb plan are expressed in
the following language, taken from one of the pamphlets of
"Railroads are over-capitalized hence freight and passen
ger, rates are exorbitant, wages inadequate and service unsat
isfactory. "Purchase the railroads for the actual amount invested to
afford public service a3 determined judicially, recognizing po
fictitious securities, no discounts and no improvements paid
for out of earnings or by the public.
"Substitute for the present Wall street control the un
hampered management of trained officials and employes the
most intelligent and efficient transportation organization in the
"Pay capital a fair and fixed return on the dollars actually
invested in railroad property and divido savings affected by
economy and in efficiency betw een the public and the operat
ing organization, share and share alike."
Here will probably begin the first great fight for the de
mocratization of industry. Labor will be on one side, railroad
managers on the other, and the country as umpire of the dis
pute. The attempt to turn the railroads back to private manage
ment under former conditions will precipitate the greatest
strike in the history of America and perhaps in the history of
IN CONCLUSION, the commercial airship of the not-far-distant
future will have a "disposable lift" available for
crew, fuel, and merchandise, or passengers of 50 to 60 tons or
more. It will have a speed of 00 to 100 miles per hour, with
ample accommodation for passengers in the shape of saloon.
Jrawing-room, smoking-room and staterooms, with a lift giv-
THE AIR SI1IP
The Story of Alcohol
What It Is How It Has Spread Through the
World How It Has Been Conquered
f r V ' Z '
t Tjl -kz J
$ i r" KA hMM
-. If-"' 5-" rf irWv'ti ts
Alcohol is generally supposed to
lave little hold in China, owing to the
greater lure of the opium habit. Yet
the Chinese have been familiar with
tfcobol from the earliest periods.
The most notable Chinese tippler
was probably LI Po, -who lived from
705 to 762, and is sometimes regarded
as the greatest poet that China has
produced. He was 37 years of age
when he was first presented to the
Emperor and he made such an impres
siou that the ruler prepared with his
Dwn hands a bowl of soup for the
Soup unfortunately was not Li Po's
favorite beverage. He greatly pre
ferred wine and contemporary ac
counts say that he was seldom sober
and that he wrote most of his poetry
while intoxicated. On one occasion,
when messengers were sent out by
the Emperor to find him, ho was lying
face down in the street. Cold water
was mopped over him and he was fin
ally led into the royal presence. Al
though he could hardly stand, his
genius did not fail him. A lady of the
eraglio held his ink-well and he
ing access to a roof garden on the top, and will be able to re
main in the air for a week or more at a time. After a journey
it will return to moorings like a water-borne ship, only being
housed in a shed for periodic overhaul.
The language used in the paragraph just above is not the
fanciful language of inexperience, but the reasoned thought of
air men, expressed in the published report of the British Par
liamentary Committee on Civil Aerial Transport. It is possible
at this time to build air ships which will crry 210 passengers,
each with 50 pounds of baggage, in comfortable luxury.
TO TRY CHICAGO
RACE WAR CASES
Chicago, Aug. 4 After the calmest
night in the "black belt" for more
than a week, the work was begun to
day of selecting a grand jury before
which will come the cases of white
men and negroes accused of partici
pation in the race riots which caused
the death of 20 negroes and 13 whites
and the injury of hundreds.
The coroner has fixed the number
of dead at 33 and the city health com
missioner has found that 306 people
injured in the riots were treated in
hospitals. He expressed the opinion,
however, that perhaps 400 or more
who were injured in the rio,ts never
.-eported at hospitals, and conse
quently the total number of injured
will never be known officially.
The state troops had little to do
during the night in the riot zone, but
much excitement was caused early
today by persistent reports telephon
ed into headquarters of the Second
regiment, that a crowd of 5S0 men
was gathering at South Ashland ave
nue and West 69th street. When a
company of troops reached the scene
the crowd had vanished and the sol
, diers returned to headquarters.
THE TIMES: AUGUST 4,
Ifo. 18 LI PO KECITI5G HIS TEKSES.
dashed off some of his best verses.
They were so much liked by the Em
peror that he msida Li r"o a high court
official and some of the mandarins
were ordered to attend on him and re
move his boots when he desired this
This naturally stirred up many feuds
in the court and Li Po was finally
compelled to seek elsewhere for a
pleasanter place in which to live. With
some other slaves to wine, he formed
a drinking club which was called "The
Eight Immortals of the Wine-cup." He
met his death in a novel manner. One
night while intoxicated, he leaned over
the edge of a boat in a vain attempt
to embrace the reflection of the moon
in the water. He lost his balance and
Long before Li Po lived and died,
however, the Chinese had discovered
wine. As long ago as the year 1116
B. C, an imperial edict was issued
warning the people that drunkenness
was becoming too common. Even one
of the emperors had been so given
to immoderate drinking that the vice
had brought ruin upon him. The edict
does not seem to have attempted the
enforcement of prohibition, but it
Tomorrow's Picture Brewing Sate In Japan,
A "BUCK" NOW
Information has been received at
the local Army Recruiting Station, 925
aliiit street, as follows:
(a) All privates first class, will be
authorized to wear a general sleeve
insignia designating their rank in
place of the special insignia now in
use for privates first class for each
arm of -the service, which are so nu
merous as to be confusing and more
expensive. The new insignia, some
what similar to the chevron, is in the
form of a single arc of olive-drab
cloth and is to be worn on the right
sleeve, arc down.
(b) Enlisted men who have served
on active duty as commissioned offi
cers in the Army of the United States,
and whose commissioned service was
terminated' honorably, are authorized
to wear a band of forest green braid,
1-2 inch wide, on both sleevts of the
service coat, the lower edge of the
braid to be three inches from the end
of the sleeve.
Simon de Montfort's immortal place
in history is indicated by the rever
ent title historians have given him
"The father of the English House
threatened with death all members ol
gatherings where liquor . flowed too
Coming down to the age of Confu
cius, who lived in the fifth century B.
C, we find many maxims about drink
ing. The great cage of China ate and
drank sparingly but he did not prac
tice total abstinence. He was careful,
however, never to drink enough to
"disturb his understanding." "Be not
given to excess in the use of wine" is
one of his adages.
With the adoption of Buddhism, a
temperance wave swept over China
as Buddha taught absolute abstinence
from intoxicating liquors. Today the
Chinese are a sober people, but the
best authorities seem to agree that
there is more drinking in the country
than most foreigners realize. The na
tives prefer, as they have since time
Immemorial, a wine made from rice.
Grapes have never been grown to any
great extent in China, but nearly ev
ery rice-grower turns a small part of
his produce inte wine. This is some
times very delicately perfumed with
certain fruits and buds and the se
crets of making these mre varieUes
are very jealously guarded.
LOOKING BACK 50 YEARS
(From The Farmer, Monday, August 4, 1S69)
There are about sixteen vessels, most of them large barges,
lying at the Naugatuck wharf, loaded with coal to be trans
ported up the Naugatuck valley. The vessels are being un
loaded as fast as possible, but there being so many in at once,
it costs the company, we understand, $200 per day demurrage.
A lamp post is being erected in front of Lyceum Hall.
We understand that there is to be a Grand Sunday school
picnic, tomorrow, of the scholars and people generally of the
Districts of Putney and Oronoke, Stratford. We understand
that several Bridgeport boys are to go up and spend a day with
the country lassies. '
An interesting game of ball was played at the Park Satur
day afternoon between the "Seasides" formerly the Bridge-
ports and the "Unions." The
resulted in a victory for the
10. Mr. Edward O'Donnell acted as umpire, we understand,' in
a satisfactory manner.
We have been shown a new badge for the members of the
Fire department, designed by Mr. George Darling and Chief
Engineer Gerdenier. It is round and about as large as a silver
half dollar, if we remember correctly the proportions of that
ancient coin. A coil of hose ,forms the circle, and it is very
plain and distinct. The top is surmounted by a fireman's hat,
and at the bottom, or base, are a trumpet and hose pipe cross
ed, showing the tassle on the pipe as a center ornament. With
in the circle are the word "Bridgeport Department," and the
number of the appropriate company. It is a very neat and
tasty badge, and will be much better liked than the "coffin
plate" arrangement heretofore in use.
Snow fell on Mount Washington on Friday, and ico form
ed during the night. Snow also fell near Montreal.
The wife and child of an Englishman employed at the Etna
Works, New Britain, have been missing since the 26th. togeth
er with several articles of value, the joint property of man an
wife. The man would like to tret his child bank, hnt the hu?
LDana proposes to xei ine wire go
Henderson Predicts Terrible
Spasm of Eage and
WANTS PEACE PACT
MacDonald Condemns Sup
port of Admiral
Lucerne, Switzerland, Sunday, An?.
3. 'Before winter sets In there will
be "a terrible spasm of raere and de
spair among: the people of Europe in
which the final remains of civiliza
tion may be totally annihilated," it
was predicted 'by Arthur Henderson,
the British Labor leader, at the open
ing session of the international social
ists' conference here yesterday.
The remarks of Mr. IlnJrson. who
was the -principal British la.bor leader
present, followed those of Otto Wells,
of the majority eieinent. of the Ger
man socialists, who declared that the
German working men expected from
the socialists the creation of a real
Leagrue of Nations. He characterized
the Leagrue organized in Paris, with
out Germany and Russia, as members,
as a "mere pleasantry."
In alluding to the peace treaty dur
ing his address, Mr. Henderson de
clared the principal points of it ought
to be subjetceifi to immediate and
Condemnation of support of Ad
miral Kolchak, head of the All-Russian
government at Omsk, by the
Entente nations, was expressed by
James Ramsay MacDonald, of the
Britisch delegation, and Marcel
Cachin, the French socialist leader.
Both the speakers demanded that an
energetic attitude be adopted by the
socialists toward these nations par
ticularly on this ground.
Emil Tandervelde. the Belgian so
cialist, gave his opinion that it would
be impossible to reconstitute the in
ternational socialist orgran until the
question of war responsibilities was
settled. He further declared that in
hi3 view it would be impossible to
merge the Second and Third Inter
national organizations for the reason
for while the Second aimed at a rev
olution by the majority element
among the peoples In conformity
with democratic principles, the third
was for immediate revolution by the
The first great Democrat of Eng
land was Simon de Montfort, Earl of
Leicester, who was slain in battle 654
years ago today, August 4, 126 5. As
a leader of the great rebellious bar
ons, Simon de Montfort was also the
spokesman of the nobles to stand be
tween the people and the monarch
as guardians of their liberties, to
watch over the exercise of the royal
power and under the command of de
Montfort, completely defeated the
King and the royalist party.. In the
battle of Evesham on August 4th of
the- following year the tables were
turned, and the democratic earl was
killed and the barons sustained a ruin
ous defeat. During the brief period of
Simon's ascendancy, however, he had
laid the foundation for the House of
Commons and had inspired into the
breasts of the people a devotion to i
liberty and democracy never to be
stamped out by royal oppression.
"Every king is ruled by the laws," de
clared Simon de Montfort, and he held
that "the generality" should have
hand in the making of the laws by
which they, as well as the monarch
were to be governed.
game lasted about two hours and
"Seasides" by the score of 21 to'
to neuirax u sna likes.
Parade of Veterans Who'
All Stratford turned out yesterday
to render one (big "Welcome Home"
to its brave sons and fair daughters
who have particpated in the "World
The parade started about 3 o'clock
at Paradise Green and marched to
Academy Hill. Chief William Nichols
and a platoon of Stratford policemen
headed the parade and were followed
by the town officials. State Guards
and Boy Scouts, then the service men
and women. Many different divisions
were represented by the insignias on
the left shoulder of the men. Strat
ford's Salvation Lassie, Miss Florence.
Wood, was well received as were MLpb
Florence Lewis, of the Army Nurse
Corp, and Miss Catherine Wood of a
war aulxliary organization. The Civil
War Veterans and the Red Cross
Workers brought up the rear.
At Academy Hill, Rev. M. J. O'Con
nor, George A, Farehild, Major F. J.
Adams, Chaplain Beebe, Rev. E. O.
Carpenter, George Bateman and the
Red Cross Workers occupied the
Frederick Rhoadrs led the com
munity singing. The invocation waa
given by Rev. E. O. Carpenter, who
invoked the blessing of God on the .
homes of the boys. In closing he said:
"Give them strength and bles3 them
as long as God leaves them with us
and bless and keep those who have
fought the good fight and now res';
eternally in God."
Mr. Fairchild, chairman, gave an
opening address in which he wel
comed the boys home and congratu
lated them on their return to civilian
life. "You are the finest bunch if
men that Stratford has produced," he
The first speaker was aMJor Adams,
who told the people of some of his
humorous experiences on the other
side. One of the main points of Ma
jor Adams' address was to impress
upon the people that the regular army
did not win entirely the war, but it
was won by such boys as were present
Robert Brandt, Jr., rendered
"Madelon" in a sweet tenor voice.
Chaplain Beebe of the Port of Em
barkation in Hoboken was the nex;
speaker. His address 'was very im
pressive. "The world will not remem
ber what we say here but boys the
world has taken you into their hearts
and you shall never be forgotten."
Martin Sheehan, Stratford's popular
songbird sang "Don't Cry Frenchy."
The presentation of medals follow
ed. The honor roll contained the
names of 630 men "and women of
Stratford. The men who have given
their lives are George J. Blakely,
Captain Walter Grandage, Henry J.
Evans, George Anderson, Henry
Koehis, Martin Cunningham, and
Stanley Munslow. The medals of the
deceased men were given to their
relatives. As the name was called
each of the boys stepped forward and
received the medal of which Chaplain
Beebe said: "Don't think that this
little medal is all Stratford feels for
you but it just minimizes that love
they bear you." After the medals
were distributed Father O'Connor held
The Ladies Aid Society of the M.
E. Church will hold a basket picnic
at the home of E. W. Peck,, Long
brook avenue, tomorrow at 1 o'clock.
Miss Mary Matson of 382 Central
avenue, contralto soloist of the Con
gregational church, left yesterday for
a week's vacation to be spent at
Brookfleld Center. J
Miss Nancy Hamilton, daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Hamilton of
Broadbr'.dge Avenue has .just return
ed after spending two weeks in Nor.
wich. Conn., as the guest of her
brother and his wife, Mr. and Mrs. E.
Hamilton. Miss Winifred Hamilton
will leave Monday to spend a month's
vacation in Norwich.
Miss Mary O'Rourke of Longbrook
avenue, has returned, home after &
pleasant two weeks' vacation spent
in Northampton, Mass.
Mrs. John Fritz and son, Leslie of
17 5 King street. left yesterday for a
two weeks' visit to New York. They
made th Journey by motor.
Robert E. Maiden of King; street
went to Myrtle Beach, Sunday and
found a hawk had dropped Into th '
water exhausted from the air. Tlva
bird . is beautiful, its feathers being:,
black and yellow.
Miss Catherine Hamilton of Broad-
bridge avenue, spent the week-end In
The Junior Scouts of the Congre
gationalist church returned Friday
after spending four days' camping; at
Lordehlp. Rev. Mr. Whitehead and
Mr. Oddy were in charge and Scouts '
John Bray and John Taylor were boy
Walter Wheeler, Jr., of Academy
HHI and his guest, Alfred Oiiton of
Philadelphia, left last week to spend!
the remainder of the summer at Cape
Maurice Curtis' Sunday school class
of the M. E. church spent Saturday
at Savin Rock. '
Miss Louise Barnum accompanied
the pupils of the eight grade of Cen- '
ter school on their picnic to Lordship
New Tork, Aug;, i Stocks -were nn .
settled at th opening of today's stock,. - r
the latest demands of the railroad .-"
brotherhoods. Losses of 1 to S points T
were sustained by representative
rails, shippings, equipments, oils ami t
metal's.. Some of the popular Indus- f.
rials, notably Crucible Steel, were '
more adversely off ected. Weakness mi
ilso ruled among motors, tobaccos and a
'arlous specialties controlled by pools.
r. S. Steel broke over t points, rally "j
-1 silently wtth other UaSsrs la UMt k nr
irst MU BOUT. '. :.' v v : ..-) a