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THE TIMES: AUGUST 29, 1919
THE BRIDGEPORT TIMES
And Evening Farmer
Bryant, Griffith Brunaon, Nw York, Boston mnd Chicago
M UMBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
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rnlilUhad fcy The Farmer Publlahln Co. 1T1 Kalrfleld A, Bridgeport. Conn.
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and alao tba IveaJ news published herein.
JCatarad at Post OfUce. Bridgeport. Connecticut, as aocond ciaaa matter.
ntlDAY, ACCi COT 29, 1910.
SETTLING TIIE STRIKE
IIE STRIKE of the 0,000 workers of the American Graph
ophone Company has
is less a labor trouble than it is a trial of strength in a four
cornered contest, in which nobody is having a good time, and
Bridgeport is gottng very much the worst of it.
The councils of the strikers are divided. There are two
factions, each of which pulls against the other. There is rea
son to suppose that tho internal councils of the company in
. Bridgeport are divided, in such a way that it will be necessary
f for the directors themselves to intervene, if a wise and intelli
gent settlement is to bo made.
The Graphophone strike was not in the beginning a diffi
cult affair. It should have been adjusted in a few hours, and
prould have been with the application of a little plain common
sense and shirt sleeves diplomacy.
This i3 not so much the opinion of the striking workers as
it is the view of well informed representatives of the company,
who seemed to have looked with doubt and perhaps with
amazement, upon the methods of the company's negotiator, Mr.
Roberts seems to have becomo, by a process of evolution,
a proponent of the proposal to take tho plant of the American
Graphophone Company out of Bridgeport, and the struggle
seems now to bo whether his view is to prevail, or the view of
the mass of old and conservative advisers who have been with
the company in Bridgeport for years, who are sure that with
the use of reasonable conciliation the labor difficulties could
be settled in a few hours, not only settled, but settled, if the
company desired, by contract with the employes, so that stabil
ity of compensation and freedom from strike could bo insur
ed for a considerable period of time, say from two to three
It may even prove that the unfortunate policy of removal
has plunged the directors of tho company into an unanticipated
difficulty. In so far as the American Graphophone Company
is a so-calV I DuPont organization, it is in tho control of men
who arc entirely familiar with labor difficulties; who have al-j
ways nvi int. -lined a broad guage attitude in the presence of la
bor disputes. It is known that the DuPonts are regarded by
the Federal Department of Labor, as among the best informed
and most liberal employers in this country.
Hence they know, and the directors of the American
Graphophone Company know, that labor troubles are common
throughout tho civilized world; that there is now no country,
neither France, tho United Kingdom, Belgium, Germany, nor
any other, in which there are not large scale disruptions In the
P industrial cosmos. ,
As far sighted, business men, accustomed to anticipating
events, they know that while strikes are of common occur
rence in America, that they are less difficult in the United
States than they aro anywhere else in the world, and they un
doubtedly know that in Bridgeport labor disputes are more
readily settled than strikes in most other places.
In Bridgeport thero are occasionally strikes, but there is
seldom bad feeling. Thero is no sabotage, no bomb throwing,
no killings and no destruction of industrial property.
When tho present strike began it was susceptible to early
adjustment. It might oven havo been prevented entirely if tho
resident authority of the company had been more conscious of
the difficulty with which he was faced and more reasonable and
diplomatic in dealing with 1he preliminary notice and demands.
Tho American Graphophone Company is an institution of
which Bridgeport is proud. It is an institution which most
of the time has obtained the loyal co-operation of its employes,
and which, under its present ownership has been profitable.
The Times sincerely hopes that, in case Mayor Wilson does
not conclude the difficulty when he tries to do so today, the
directors will give the Bridgeport problem their personal at
tention, substituting perhaps negotiators who have not become
partisans of a particular policy, who are not obliged to defend
policies unfortunately contrived, and who will have but the
sole object of establishing, by conciliation, good feeling be
tween a great industry and its thousands of workers.
The Times refuses to believe that the big men wno finally
control the affairs of the American Graphophone Company will
willingly disturb millions of dollars of investment because of
tho inconvenience of a labor trouble which can be settled in
jig time as soon as the business becomes an affair of settlement
and ceases to be an affair of
r HE STRIKING railroad
X and Nevada are breaking two agreements, the one be
tween thejr Brotherhoods and
their Brotherhoods and the government.
Director General Ilines of
issued an ultimatum, ordering
if they aro not in their places by
bo discharged and the railroads
The officers of tno Uroiherhoods have ordered tlie men
back to work, and in case of
all from their unions, and will
the forces necessary to put the
The strike is a weapon of last resort. It must not be used
arbitrarily. It must not bo used in defiance of contract. Men
cannot expect to conduct strikes in defiance of their obligations
of obedience to their unions and be supported in their immoral
The Brotherhoods, representing substantially all the rail
road workers, approached the
more pay, saying however, that
oost of living.
President Wilson has inaugurated a campaign against ris
ing markets. Ho says that the high cost of living has reached
its neak and must soon begin to drop. He asks the railroad
workers not to make tho task
now inaugurating another wago increase, wmcn in turn will
Barn urn 12S7
hardened into something that
workers of California, Arizona
the railroads, the other between
the Railroad Administration has
the men back, on penalty that
Saturday, August 30, they will
operated by other men
disobedience, will suspend them
furnish the government with
railroads into commission.
President with a demand for
they would prefer a reduced
of price reduction impossible by
WHAT IT IS-HOW IT HAS
WORLD HOW IT HAS
-$t if .r"1 .y-ar-V-. g...,) u ........ i ... ."TT.,1,JVJI,.-,M,iTJ.p,lt.Mi,iii, .,, ..
, a m 4: -, 4-fA,-tltfi r
In the Middle Agros and even In an
cient times, there had been men who
had cried out upon the evils of hard
drinking. But not until the ISth cen
tury do we find any "widespread feel
ing against alcohol.
William Hogarth could hardly be
called a .temperance reformer, -but on
many occasions he designed a picture
that struck a heavy blow at the over
indulgence in liquor that was creating
such havoc in England. Quite as o.
ten he pirtutred drinking- in a humor
ous vein, and from his animated
plates one (reus a vivid idea of the
way in which alcohol was part of the
daily life of the people.
Inns are often seen in his drawings,
ns in this picture cr.llod "Canvassing
for Votes." Here two innkeepers are
bribing a ru.stic voter, and the inn oc
cupies an important place in the elec
tion. At the door of the Portobello
alehouse a barber anJ a cobbler ftre
require another lift in railroad
The railroad workers aro
their unions, and by their duty
In one direction lies anarchy
In the other happiness with
ity, justice with order. lie who
to the principles of true Americanism.
UK TOTAL estimated expense which America will have
to pay for making peace is about $1,500,000. Peace is
much cheaper than war. To
period of time would cost some billions of dollars. Tho per
sonnel of the American peace commission at its peak was 1,-
300. The cost of maintaining
the conditions in Europe, is, as
LOOKING BACK 50 YEARS
(From The Farmer, Friday, August 29, 1869)
An invitation masquerade takes place tonight at Knapp's
hotel, Brookfield. It will be an enjoyable affair.
The Jewish festival of Rosh Hoshamah commences nxt
Sunday and continues three clays. This is regarded as the
most sacred festival of the year by those of the Hebrew faith,
and will of course be strictly and religiously observed by all
of that faith.
The Odorless Rubber company which recently removed
from this place to Middletown, is having a large vulcanizing
heater made at the Bridgeport Boiler Works. It is quite a
formidable piece of mechanism, being 54 feet long.
A sewer has been run through under the Housatonic rail
road Track from the pond of stagnant water soutli of Congress
street extension to tiae waier.
linn will rpmprlv Ihe trrmhle in
n,,l-1.-' .,-r..M ..nn,-,,, Kn.l
their entertainments at Franklin Hall next Wednesday even-
ing. They will produce the laughable burlesque opera of Lu-
crctia Borgia on this occasion,
price of admission.
"Twenty dollars fine for trotting on this draw" is the im
posing sign in bold characters, which meets one's eye when
approaching the draw of the old Centre Bridge. As the draw
now lies wide open in an utterly dilapidated and "played cut''
condition, it will hardly be necessary for any of our vigilant
policemen to lie awake nights around in that locality to see
that the aforesaid prohibition is duly respected.
A good looking young woman in bloomer costume peram
bulated the streets of Waterbury and the Waterbury-American
I congratulates itself on its good
j to find out who and what she
RY OF ALCOHOI
Jfa- 40 CATASSIJfG FOB TOTES.
discoursing learnedly upon the errors
of politicians and explaining how
much more capably they could guide
the nation. They are busily engaged
in quaffing ale as they debate.
Xov that we are approaching the
ri.e of the temperance and prohibition
movements it will be worth while to
glance back for a moment at past his
tory and note its earlier appearance.
rrom the moment when prehistoric j not so acute in places where wine and i f or a penny," or "dead drunk for two
men first discovered that sugar by i,(.Pr .tire the customary drinks as in I pence." Moderate 'drinking could
fermentation was converted into aleo- places where distilled liquors are more hardly be practiced with the fiery
hoi, it may be said that there have j in favor. The problem of dealing with ! spirits that were introduced and with
been advocates of temperance and alcohol in the lighter forms may be J their cheapness. Fo widespread grew
prohibition. In many Ianis and in i the same problem, but not so many I the evil that these dives provided
many centuries, reformers grappled . people are interested in stopping it. rooms with straw to lie upon where
with the problem. The evils of drunK- The other great influence that led ' drunkards could sleep off their de
enness were pointed out; sometimes , to the rise of temperance organiza- j bauches without payment for bods,
drastic laws were passed to check in- j tions Was the discovery of distillation, Women staggered openly in the
toxication. But all these efforts were which made possible the production of streets, and so dreadful were the
usually soon iorgotten ana to me ma-
joirty of people there was no temper
ance question until comparatively i
rates and another cycle of
bound by their obligations to
as American citizens to obey
progress, change with stabil
follows the President adheres
carry on war during the same
this establishment, considerimr
the President says, very modest.
it is expected that tins connec-
-:o.l, ...:n ; . , c
which will alone be worth the
manners in not chasing her up
SPREAD THROUGH THE
Climate had a great deal to do with
this. The earlier civilizations flour
ished in sunny lands where grapes
wcro made Into wine and cereals into
beer. People could get intoxicated
upon these beverages, and they often
did to a scandalous degree, especially
in tile degenerate days of Greece and. i
Itome, but the problem of alcohol is i
w...:-ivv, uiai.u. , g.ii, ruin i.nu siirn.ar
'V.n-1 T. 1 4 .... 1 1
whisky, brandy, gin, rum and similar
gradually acquired a liking for these
beverages, but the majority preferred
THE OFFICIAL A. E,
August 29 (No. 107) North of the Aisne. our troops
have made progress in the region of Juvigny, in spite of the
strong resistance of the enemy. Our patrols were active
along the VesJe and in the Woevre. and brought in prisoners.
Pittsburgh, Aug. 29 Street car
servics was resumed here today for
the first time in two weeks when 3.
000 motormen and conductors of the
Pittsburgh Street Railway Co. re
turned to work, following a vote of
the carmen late yesterday to abandon
The men returned at the wage in
crease of five cents an hour granted
them by the National War Labor
Board recently and against which
they struck two weeks ago. The
Amslgamated Association of Street
and Klectric Railway Employes will
reopen negotiations soon for the full
60 cents an hour scale originally de
manded, however, William B. Fitz
gerald, International v!ce-prsident,
Informed the receivers of the com
pany. Kicht hundred strike breakers were
marched to a railroad station under
police protection last nii?ht and en
trained for I.os Angeles where a rail
road strike is In progress.
wiiiiam Jackson, a local jitney
driver who was arrested last Saturday
hv rntsin FVlwsird Wheeler for hav
ing twice violated the city ordinance
was arraigned in the City court this"
(morning . The case wa continued un-
m September s. it is alleged that
first securing a permit.
JESREXSK IHXED S10.
Benny Jesrenski, of 1SS Church
street who assaulted Gaetano Keczyh
ski, of 306 Hamilton street. last Tues
day r.ight. was fined 110 and costs in
the City Court today. It is charged
that Jesrenski hit KeczynskI over the
head with a chair.
New Haven. Anc. 23. Forecast
tor Ilrlrigrport: Fair and warmer
tonight: Saturday increasing
clmdino and warmer.
Connecticut: Fair tonight.
Saturday un.se ttled.fdighUjr warm
er; moderate west to south wlnda.
(From tho nlcturo by Horarth.l
the wines and beers that their ances
tors had liked. But in the -older
north these new drinks acquired in
Drunkenness became so universal
that it inspired temperance opposi
tion. There were eip-ns in the London
streets in the Ixth century promisin'-;
passersby that they could be "drunk
Mollis ill cfi lain ji.tiia ui ... .... uvj'-
. ,r.fTr,,l n
temperance movements w ere convert
' ed by the sodden spectacles.
Detectives Thampson and Rhcuar
! of the New York Poiice department,
who arrived in Bridgeport yesterday
afternoon to escort hack to Manhat
tan, William Johnson and Georpe
White, negroes, wlio are charged with
stealing a ear in New York. reco-
nized the two men as brothers whu
were arrested in New York some time
ago on similar charges.
The negroes are known in New
York as George and Willi lm While,
and on account of their excellent war
record they were discharged without
punishment when arrnigned in a New
York court for the first time.
George and William were both
members of Colonel Biil Haywnrd's
famous old 15th Regiment of New
l York City. They sailed to France
with tlie i est of their regiment at the
outbreak of the war, and fought in
the Champagne sector wh. r' th.-ir
outfit was brigaded with the French
FOR GOLD GOP
Detroit, Aug. Five hydro
plane will compete in the 10th an
nual race for the pold cup in The first
of the 30 mile h'-ats fr thf power
boat championship this afternoon.
The course on the Detroit river is the
shortest in the history of the event,
having a measure lap of 2 1-2 miles.
The second heat will be run tomor
row and the final heat Monday.
Miss Detroit III. Detroit winner, is
among the entries. Kleven bouts
were entered for the cabin cruiser
race of three ten mile heals and six
for the express cruiser event, of three
15 mile heats, born being1 run previ
ous to the gold cup.
Charles Conipton. one of the fa
vorite musical comedy players on
Broadway, has deserted the rnusiea.
stage and will be a leading player in
a new comedy which wilt be pro
riuA liv Tfihn C.nrt.
ducd ty John Cort.
Union Leader Says He Will
Prove A. F. of L. Con
ONLY FEW DAYS LEFT,
Onlj Tenth of Men In mW
and Mines Will Stop,
I Company Asserts
Xew York. Aur 2 9. -John Fitzpat-1
rick, chairman of the American Fed-'
ration committee charged with en
rolling1 United St-xtes Steel Corporation,
', isiployce, replied yesterday to KUurt
represented a majority of th- employes
II. Carey's denial that the Federation
of tho corporation. This denial fol
lowed Jinle Gary's refusal to reeeivo
a delegation of the workers. Only a.
few d;iys remained, he wrote, heforo
his committee would have no other
alternative "hut to enforce the decree
of your employes whom we have tha
honor to represent.
"We have received your answer to
our request on behalf of tho employes
of your corporation." the letter fays,
"and wo understand the first para
graph of your answer to be an abso
lute refusal on the part of your cor
poration to concede to your employes
ihe right of collective bargaining.
"Tou question the authority uf our
committor to represent the majority
of your employes. The only way by
which we can prove our authority la
to put tho strike vote Into effecr and
v e sinovrnly hope you will not force
a strike to prove this point.
"'We asked for a conference for the
purpose of arranging a moplinty
where the questions of wages, hours,
conditions of employment and collec
tive bargaining miyht be discussed.
Your annvw Is a flat refusal for such
"We read with great care your
statement as to the interest the cor
poration takes in the lives and wel
fare of the employes and their fami
lies, and if that wero true, even in a
minor degree, we would not be press
ing consideration through a confer
ence of the terrible conditions that
cxU:. The conditions of employment,
the misery in the hovels of the steel
workers is beyond description. Surely
this is a matter which might well be
discussed in conference.
"You also made reference to the at
titude of your corporation in not op
posing or preventing your employ a
from joining labor organizations. It
is a matter of common knowledge that
the tactics employed by your corpora
tion and sul sidiaries have for years
most effectually prevented any at
tempt at organization by your em
ployes. "Some few days are still at the dis
posal of our committee before the
time limit will have expired when
there will be no discretion left to tho
committee but to enforce the decree
of your employes whom wo have the
honor to represent.
From a source close to the manage-
! ment of the corporation it was learned
j tthat Mr. Gary's assertion that the
American Federation of Labor did not
j represent a majority of tho employes
i was based upon a recent survey of all
the corporation's plants. The resulia
'showed that only about 10 per cent.,
! or 60,000, of the employes of the Uni
' ifd States Steel Corporation were af
! filiated with unions or were inclined
: to such affiliation.
charges against IgnatJi Resensveig
of Pine street and Albert Wagnrr
of 222 Pine street, proprietors of al
leged gambling houses, and 24 men '
who were arrested on charges of fre
quenting the places, were nolltd in
the City court this morning, because
of intuiTK-ient evi.l.'r.ce.
Rfsenwveig and Wagner and 24 other
men were arrested last Tuesday night
f.s the result of t-.vo rairl3 ny aptain
John O'Connell and police of the third
! preeiif-t. Tlie men were eaid to be
: owners of two g.-imV.Iing esta.T.lish-
; which were running under the
of "coffee houses.'
TO ENACT LAWS
Mnxlro City, Thursday, Aug. 2S
Duis Cabrera, secretary of the treas
ury. It was stated authoritatively to-j
day, will voice the views of the leg
islative department of the govern
ment during tht pending debate on
petroleum legislation in the Mexican
"I havo never said the projected
law would be retroactive in effect
said Acting Secretary Salinas, "but I
have said and still maintain that i!
understand the meaning of thf worda
'retroactivity to be very different
than the construction placed upon it '
by the oil producers association. The
association, under the meaning It'
gives this word, claims that laws ar
immutable and that we have no right
to change them even If the changes
are in the general Interest. Since I
believe that a free people has the
absolute right to enact law which
give the greatest aid to Its develop-
ment. I cannot agree with the oil'
association which only defends Its
own privileged situation, nor can I
ajjree to its interpretation of wordn.
BKACHKS KKKK FORI0CIXSrRE..
Samuel V. and Francis K. Beach, -of
Trumbull, have brought suit
against Edward Burtla. of Larchmont,
seeking foreclosure on certain prop-
I erty In Trumbull on which th pUUn
A. if, hold av 1IAA r r..i