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THE TIMES: OCTOBER 3, 1919
WW FRENC si LABO WANTS EE If iPENDENT OF POWER OF WEALTI FEW COUNTRIES IN WHICH ARTISAN f iSS HAS PLAYED SO IMPORTANT A x ART IN MODERN TIMES IN POLITI CAL AND SOCIAL CIRCLES. M. Alr-prt Thomas, Former Min ister of Munitions.) France Is not, in the strict sense of w-ord, an Industrial country. More thin 60 per cent, of Its economic ac tivity is certainly still devoted to agrl ):::ure. Economically, sreoKraph . .'.11', and in the character of its peo- i .c France is a land of balance, unity, ; d harmony. Nevertheless there ore few coun . ies la which the workers have play ed so important a. part In modern times as the French artisan class in noiiUcai and social matters. In the days of tS.e Great Revolu tion it was the common people of Paris, with its drums, its pikes, and its cannon that supported the great statesmen of the trlumhant bour itpoisii :Danttm, Robcspiere, and the liks. In 1830 it tns the students and o-orkmen, "Os Join aiies iiu social ism e," as the Republican poet Dupont called them Inter, who accomplished the national revolution of July. Again, the "fraternal" revolution of 1S4S -vv.-is, more th.m a.r. other, accom plished by the working man. And still ajraln, ltwas the stubborn efforts nf the workir.s men, no long-er of Paris alone, but of a.11 the bin grow ing ciilos, that set up the Third Ee tiubllc. And It w.n from the towis t. nd their suburbs that the propa of the flemoctratic parties was .-.iinched forth into tbe cour.tryside. On the retry eye oS the wer the as : -ct of the French worfclr.st el3-ss t-nria was In keepi-n?- with this tradi--ir.n- "Despite the anxiety han?rina: ror Europe, desplTe the presser.timent It.'.untinsr every xatnS of approaching .-n traaroiaaWo catastrophe, either -.vtthin or vriilwvat, with which an . .-med jeace Tests tbtvatenin every t Me In Bui-ope, the Fnench labor -t.irld carried oti its strn.5rg"le with c-on- 1er.ee, It osl-rle-d it on with the CTn--iction tiiat the tpntarw -rvas marked trt for the '"pTo'iptnriat. Fdt the ex t ression of thin hope It appealed to tine tachlns' of Mfljrs:- It atnnouncidi, .'-1th the Gwmar. phDosopb'er, that the --'trance -wn ine'nft.al'.'e., idescrrned to bo l r the law of tlh-e capittJistt. system I sell Bnt what iras stirring it riirht at .bottfcnzn was Just th. old demwetratio ..entizn'2tJiiry. tlhe id-es of its own nl4 .theorists who tad tsra-srht the. doc trine t3mt tbe woria sionld belons: to the workers the tradltaon of a whole ceBttary otf revaitntiion- In the Chamber tie ejection of May, 1914. pa-ve it ova- WB dep-ntirts. The Socialist iiarty at tlus period frave ev idence of a. imJty -of taction which was an tttie more tfaithtful ibecnnse the. other poHtifcal Tpzurfies were shewin.-sr sisms of decay.. It was 'due to the Inntietnce of a man of bier 23sss, wrntnltns' eloquence., attd ompeUm: faitih Jstctres- SOCIAIXFTS 1ST T'A.KIAailEJNT. T-n IPatrliairaEtnl h'j psirry was, as a jrerreraH rul&, Itn tile minoTity-, am-on the KPOKliim K was, so t-r spealc, sninst esry rcverrum-ejrL Sfnce the famor ' " ntt.ezTrario:n-ail OotntHtress at Am " frron ISM, wl.e-tre the Oerraatns . Jiopr- of ij or two raps on the &A11 iroTOe of its raetmlbers t.sA y- iiionfhLTl jjj ffcg tyu-ureuDla gtrrern already ig fhajn ta-is. lbs syetam of J discipline Bma ratnlar cellab.oralion lleast 400.(0 adyBJntrte-a' stwtits of the ('on the F AecnoarraCtr was thtstnoeforth Ing the isLy ibma.at3Tn?a. Socialism Jeer the a be. lli-e tEnost 'Ootsix)-' etx- jin th miDf .Setnirooracy. It sitimtalsdtes. "jmsery trs, ana goaiB 022 xne een tryii titm-e f Etmrg"la. if de re ! .V (3ien. ipmrti's xaise tCheir hoa.ds Eo- cofiHians vetn thecGtmes tiie motitbyiwe of th Hiiiasainit (BntMcraiPy troubles that were looming: on the horlgon. THEORIES EXPLORER MAY TALK TO LONDON fvl ANTARCTIC HOTTSEHOLD HINTS When sealing a screw-top fruit Jar, If your hand slips on the cap, try using a piece of sandpaper (2x4 Inches) to hold the cap. After turn ing the cap on as tigrht as possible, turn the can on the Bide and roll It over. If any fruit Juice leaks, set no carving on the end of the handle, and with the end of handle press the edge of the cap down all around, be ing careful not to let the spoon handle slip and cut the rubber. This will seal It unless the rubber Is cut. "When the finger becomes prickeS while crocheting, if a small strip of adhesive plaster Is placed on the fore finger where the hook strikes, further Irritation Is prevented. ail FOR. PREVEtX T INO WAR. It -will aHvuys be to the credit of the French Socialist party that it felt the approach of the European "war far more strongly than any other. , At the International Socialist Congresses at Stuttgart In 1907, at Copenhagen in mo, and at Bale in 1912 it was this party that brought up and was pre paring to bring up in 1914 at Vienna the question of action by the Inter nationale, and by the Laibor parties, against the war. It claimed that each SccialSst party had the double duty of defending: the independence of its own country in case of attack, and of figiiiing in a revolutionary manner a-g-ainst its own government should that government threaten the inde pendence of other countries. The French Confederation Generale du Travail was more dogmatic and I ndvocated still more extreme methods, j It TieJd that it was the duty of every national association to declare a gen ! oral strike, unanimously and simulta ! neously, asrainst any treat of war. i Because it went farther, it perhaps realised more directly than the politi cal party the. opposition of the Ger man Socialists. Only a few weeks before the war thpre occurred a striking- and dramatic ir.cii3ent when the French Socialist Jouliaus asked" the German Legien, "In the- event of war, what are you groins to do?"" and the Lregien did not reply. From that moment some of us in Fran ce alrea d y proclaimed th e German an opponent or & traitor to the cau.se of Lnbor. Such was onr position on the eve of the. war anxious for the defence of the country (during1 the debate of the three years serrrce bill the Socialists grave proof of this), anxious at the same time to maintain peace if it were possible, fcy means of an inter national entente, and seeking' to pro duce in the working- classes of ch3 oiher countries the same urgent de sire for peace, which we proclaimed at the very Sast moment in a manifesto dated July 25. 1914. The Trar came abruptly and snapped that effort Ffaori- The program which j wsis taking siiape wath the object of i bringing about internal changes, both I by me-ans of Ieg3s3atixe action and toy orgajilTic-d effort on the part of the ; working classes, was interrupted. Abroad, the frail ties wliich the French Socialists had lrir-d to estafblish with foreign Socialists were undone and broken, Th e German Socialists toe came the ac-romplices of the Imperial Gov-eramen1 (From The Inieraa- ti onaj Xews Bureau, Inc., Boston, Maes.) London, Oct. 8 An airplane, hov ering about the South Pole, may send back to London daily wireless advices relative to explorations or scientific researches by the South Pole eexpe dition which Is to be led by John L. Cope next summer. The explorer, wh has served as surgeon and biologist on prevous South Polar expeditions, believes the use of airplanes and wireless in prob ing the solitudes of the icebound Antartic regions will lead to revela tions that wiH make the trip more important, from a scientific point of view, than any pervious explorations of the earth's "under side." Although new difficulties will be created by the use of aircraft it is claimed the advantages to be obtain ed are so great as to be obvious to anyone acquainted with such re search. It is proposed to equip the airplanes used with wireless appa ratus having a sending range of ev eral hundred miles ensuring commu nication with the "mother ship" of the expedition. From this ship sum maries of the airplane's exploits are to be flashed by more powerful in struments back to the civilized world. New Tork has another sensation, woman who dances divinely but whose j Identity Is not disclosed. She is at ' the Palais Royal, that nocturnal ren- . dezvous bo reminiscent of the galeti of early Paris. The patrons are per mitted to hazard a guess as tn haP Identity, as it is declared she Is none other than a dancer who has startled two continents. cat Let That Cold Liuej: It Is Dangerous i?o at once to tint? The stage is not having all the sue cess a-t present. Musio is claiming Its own. New York is to hear a new opera company at the Lexington Theatre commencing next month. Theodore Spiering, a true-blue American, competent conductor in every branch of music and a violinist of renown, is the conductor. The operas will re present chiefly the lighter group. S Arcade TM PI r lower anop 4 P. O. Arcade All Kinds of Plants and Cat Flowers Floral Designs. Funeral Designs a Specialty James E. Dogsan. Frank Smethnrst When your brain works like a dog with three legs walks you need 0 TOMATO SALAD. Hare 12 small, uniform tomatoes, ! wipe ear-fr2:y wi:h a sharp knife, cut from the top to stem end in qnar- ' ters. jtist through the skin, press back carefully, thus forming a tulip effect. Put one roxnato on a nest of white lerrrs .? lettuce, sprinkle a little chopped green pepper over, put a lea of Frencii dressing on each tonaiD and a sj.oonf ul of mayonnaise over top with a spTnk3e of paprika. Thee are to be served on individual plates. 1 LL demo- 'I tiph zji eiixa rajtfl cKjier as nee u- ea. a r-rea-d tost?KSr mases a good trc'bsti tute. Fct 7i small loaf, leave Uvas-er frslded- "When the cake is a . itself. At j Jsrg'e one, tine toaster can De open- p-TtsAn iyKr?;ls of cur riFtiytT the eo- peasants ajroaT tlhe artisans h-a."?6 heen ; " 1 i cm oppoGit siles. Bux for all that, such i'S tlhe geni'ns of tSae co'ir-try and its tra.ditaon of liberty, all werkers of "Tvlraer-er cat-egxry are capable of comibinin- in a great imiteal effort for rrm Trripa TlTTt- SXHSIMCAiCISM. BvolTrt3smaa-y Syndaialjsm In 1914 f rinm-ed a striilk3ais' oontrasat to this ParliamcntaJ-y oenalism, whirh. was peking t spread izs roots right into the old peasant soil. Fot 1-d whole years the iqm-arrals feelm-een the pollt iral aaaid SyniSi-rallaEt lieacuartersi filled th tliongfcis of the Prench woarikers. As a. xnu3.tl.-er of fact. t?ae name Torfaaan -rr-as oftsD. a memner of tfcwsth the Srt!ia33st ajad tlm Syndi calist groaaj at the sscn timff. with liis h-eart, o to spealv. t-om "between tTie two. "VTaaf he a dem-ocrat? Cer tainly "he was. Tint still in the midst of -demotrracy the FreJach workman TraxitJatl to feel hifB independence sigainst aB the powers of wealth. He -sras a legalist, too, a strpportsr of big xeform measures inearing immediate jTrxiit. The ConJederati-on Generals du Travail taught the doctrine that rev olution was the task of "conscious xni nuritl' It ield tat reform toy, legislature was not&lng. or, at an y rate, only a sfejeletjoni. and that action Rjy the working ciasss was the one arid only thing- that counted. It ar gued the Parliament only put aside or postponed tlhe effort for era ' tjc i patio n. and that the working people should resort to direct. and essentially eco nomic -action alone. It claimed to he its3f the very "social eeU from viilch tlie new world was to te fformel The few little material im provenaieiits that it might manage to k'rafo by meana of strikes were con widereil of little importance beside the moral transformation which the strike Llf cooW produce In the working inan. It did not sek to gain the sym paHhy of the ourgreol class. On the Contrary, its aim was to shock or in flmldate it 'by raising the barrier -of jsafcotage, ca canny, and the destruc tion of machinery. As a matter of fact, during the last few year before the war the two prrap, tne Socialist party and the Workers' Confederation, Joined in taking1 identical or parallel measures ialnet the big- growing movement, PiiicH Utile by little was introducing !h cartel system among us, and was ightenlng it grip on national re t&mreom, such as mines, electricity and pippin; against the three-year con pcrlptton system; for the -maintenance if peace in Europo; and also against ho jWforoeoan joHcy which, was liable f ntaosta Fraace till move in. th An active brain must have pure blood, not poisoned with products of indigestion or liver and kidney laziness. brat5daiitarbScse ia tb. World. Mamwkn. In m. lOc. ZSc Bassinet, Crib and Play-Pen combined for the price of a good Crib alone. Promotes the "Better Baby" and the healthier, happier mother. Day and night, indoors or out from Baby's birth through his fourth year. Kid-die-Koop protects the tot from floor draughts, in sects, animals saves mother steps, and abolishes worry when baby is alone. Safety, screened, sani tary, folds to carry, springs raise and lower with one motion. Come in! See Kiddie-Koop today. Prices $14 to $30, including mattress. New Millinery Modes Charming Bedell Creations and $J50 A collection of chic tailored and dressy ha.ts of Silk Velvet and Velvet and Beaver Cloth combined artistically embellished with feather novel ties and Gros Grain tailored bands. Remarkable values Main, Corner Elm Street Sale Luxurious Fur Collar Coats 7 iv ew m One of The Greatest Special Purchased & Sales We Have Ever Announces $3975 Portraying the potent charm of individuality and the very ultimate of style-refinement! Swagger flare-back models, youthful belted types revealing unusual applications of rich, genuine furs. Motor coats of all-enveloping warmth of fine, warmth-without-weight fabrics! Silvertips Bokhara Caladonia Velours Suede Plumette Plush Polo Cloth Melton Sparkle. Higher Cost Coats Very Special Two Wonderful Groups 75 Luxurious Fall and Winter coats developed of fine textures that are style-features in themselves. Loose back and belted models embel lished with rich furs exquisitely lined throughout with handsome silks. louses Jirrive Supassing Previous Displays $98 $Q98 Fashion had magic in her touch when she created these beautiful costume blouses! Essentially feminine in their billowy, soft laces, or grraceful cascade frills, or delectable embroideries of varied color floss. Tailored models .reveal ing innovations in plaited and hemstitched embellishments. Exquisite Silk Georgette Crepes Cos tume Satins Crepe de Chines Brussels Net Suit and Pastel Shades. Extraordinary Values ! Stunning New Suits Built With Custom-Made Smartness Featuring Long & Short Coats Tight, Sleeves and Snug Shoulders '45 Summing tip the advance Winter suit tendencies In four distinct type suits the tailleur, the short jacket, the sport belted type and the semi-tailored models! Introducing In this collection many Bedell originations of particular interest! Handsome Silvertips -Soft Suede Velours Rich Looking Tricotines Duvet de Laines Reflecting a restrained dignity beflttlngr the custom-made! Severely plain tailored with long Jackets, narrow mannish belts, neat tuck ing, flared poplums, semi-fitted waists, artistic fastenings. Silk lined! Brilliant Presentation New Tricotine Frocks Distinguished New Productions Just Arrived from New York and A presentation for discriminating women! Emphasizing un expected departures from recent sterotyped styles becoming gowns that offer true distinctiveness and charm in mode. Allur ing afternoon models and cleverly modeled tailleurs. Satin Charmeuse Georgette Crepe Tricotines Interpreting the newer silhouette exsuisltely tailored perfect in' every detail. With "bullet" beads and flat braids, floss Silks, fringe in charming profusion. Engaging draped frocks em phasizing the fashionable swirling silhouette now in vogue. No Charge for Necessary Alterations Our corps of expert fitters and tailors continue to give high grade alterations r-- " v uwwrc wBia, "xxiis insures (erxect tailored in aim a Bavuig ui irvui ia f iu. it; mfWfa Wmtn ; I ft. I i TLAS BATHS . 247 Fairfield Ave. Friday Is Reserved for Ladle A &&&f P. Sprovien. ! i!fflpSjt 1on at tfa iow- ,;..Uyw?Ji Phone H. mi 1 1. c. Chtrupractor PMror .jiadoalt pracuciJMltuUi la ta WoriAl. Couplet X-tUv Lii bora t ory . CMroprMCio ad- nd Adjust- Twalv.. HM at paid (or la ad vance). iiaa Mam at, NawSald Bide Bridgeport. I . 'J.1 DH. U. art air t csid Mm la aiagrf tt lit (aim by ( tuklautoi id BR AM xOSt THROA UVt laoce do (SP-NAU S Adjustment 2 Will - R amove th Cause of M HUNT WliBKB CHIROPRACTOR 107-11 Meigs Elde- Phone Noble 29 IT ISN'T A PIE Unless it's Frisbie. Name on every pie. At Your Grocers. llirT'GANlfON'TI Sf-ukbrac dirbctorS BAND K M B A L. M B R i H t 1 5 John Stttit $ g 'Phono S4H S H Resfdence SSS Vino St. Q gl 'Phono 1259 H HAWLEY & WTLMOT Itndertakers and Emtalmara 8 Tafayette St., Brtdareport, Ct H Qewrjre B. Hawley. us Wash-S Ington Terrace: Edward H. Wll- K mit,865 Clinton Av. phono Bar.'iSin HENRI S. JOSEP T.l Liebermn & Heaphy 146 Austin St. 8S9 South Ave. I Embaynn and underta-lieTa MORTUARY PARLORS 332 STATB STRElTl Telepnono Banram 1S-I FRANK POLKE & SOJST BMBAX.METRS A UN EVE RTAKJB R8 j 773 State ISfcreet Pbono Baranra ! Bntih Office. 409 Henoook A Phoae Barnnm Sit I Ai'TrViMT i iaf tlMfl 'i ! i agBTIT Phone Barnum 15011 MICHAEL QTTAKA UKDE RATKETR - POHRABNfK C79 Central Avenue Bridgeport, : : : . Oom GEORGE P. POTTER UNDERTAKER Automobile Service If Preferred MORTUART ROOMS 1188 BROAD STREET Tel. Barnum 8848-8 ROURKE & BOUCHER Undertakers and Embfaimera 1296 MAIN ST. Tel. Barnum (499 Calls Answered Iay or PTlgrht n Marsaret John 9 H GALLAGHER & O ALLAOIIEH H I Onaduete and licensed M TTBdertakere and Embalman B I Marg-aret L. Qallasher. onir II- H I censed, trraLduate woman embalm- H I er and undertaker In the city. H 1 Mortuary parlors, ofttce and reat Q B B71 Palrflelid At. Phone Bar, 1890 H CHARLES L. DENNIS FCNERAL DIRECTOR Residence Barnum 3892. Funeral Parlors, 583 State St. Telephone Barnnm 1081-3. Calls received at any hour of toe day or night. J5ai GORMAN & COMPANY! iiRes. 75 James St. Barnum 4850 EXTXERAIi DIRECTORS 273 HaUett Street Telephone Noble 643-5 OHN B. JOHNSON FAMILY U II "KTAK Tr It Pbone Barnum p50-2 5 17 MAIN STREET Rates to Suit All I After payint: the doctor and drag-Yl gist is it wise to spend your lastj dollar for the funeral? - fa Isn't It better to save some of the insurance money for the living tog carry you over xne aaa months fol lowing jtour bereavement, f Do not be misled by the idea th you must spend all your money for a ascent ourlai.