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THE BRIDGEPORT TIMES
And Evening Farmed (FOUNDED 1790.) PORBIG-N REPRESENTATIVES Bryanti Griffith & Brunson, New Tork, Boston and Chicago MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS PHONE f, PHONE BUSINESS s-fgSSS EDITORIAL OFFICE jKjggjX DEPARTMENT BarstuQ 1208 'J BARNUM 128T iubllehed fey The Parmer Publishing Co, 179 Fairfield Ave., Bridgeport, Conn. bAaTuvfe rnonth, ?,00 per year I WEEKLY. . $1.00 per year In advance The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all newe dispatcher credited to it or not otherwise credited In this paper and alee the local news published herein Entered at Post Office Bridgeport, Connecticut, as second class matter. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1919. IlUtESPO.NSIBILlTY JUDGE GARY, testifying before the Senate Inquiry Commit tee, feels that there should be laws holding labor un ions to more responsibility. He expresses the view that indus- 1 trial corporations are held by law to more responsibility. ! But Judge Garv is discussing the right to strike, and the right to hire and discharge. And in this area capital and labor tand on an equality of irresponsibility, if that is the word Judge Gary prefers. Capital may at its own sweet will hire and fire, may open up, shut down or lock out, as it pleases. May negotiate with organisations of its workmen, or may not, as impulse or self interest dictates. Labor on the other hand may work or strike, may siay In or go out, may loaf on the job or jump production, according to its feelings and its desires. The law confers almost parallel rights upon capital and labor. They are equal in irresponsibility to the law, because there is no law to control the conditions. In the moral areas capital and labor are almost if not quite upon an equality. The self interest of capital tends to keep it at work. The self interest of labor is force keeping it on the job. But when self interest dictates to capital a lockout, or a wage cut, capital does not suffer as keenly as labor, which haa less to live on. Capital is merely an expression for the wages of Judge Gary and his associates. Under no circumstances will Judge Gary and his friends suffer as much from the strike as the la borers will. The moral forces which prevent labor from strik ing are rather greater than those which restrain capital. The thought is expressed in the Declaration of Independ ence, in which it is said in substance that men long endure the evils they know rather than fly to those they know not of. A statute bringing strikes into the jurisdiction of the law could be drawn to enforce responsibility upon capital and la bor. There are such statutes in the world, and they work very well. When a strike is threatened the facts might be brought to the established tribunal, and the dispute adjusted for a term; a year or two years. Frequently the conditions could be set for the entire industry. The advantages of such an adjustment are too obvious to require argument. Under just laws Judge Gary would not be at liberty to re fuse a meeting with the recognized agents of his employes, their chosen representatives; he could not avoid the eight hour day, which is established in international opinion, and in In ternational law, as represented by the Peace Treaty. Judge Gary by his unreasonable refusal to deal with labor according to established usage is as much to blame for the strike as anybody else. He was requested by the President to adopt certain meas ures to prevent the strike, and he declined the request. The strikers were asked by the President not to strike. Having committed the overt act that presses for earliest attention, the strikers will feel the earliest consequences of the displeasure of the American people. But Judge Gary and his associates will in due time re ceive their share of chastisement, for the American people are determined to bring all ruthless and selfish forces into subor dination to the common weal. THE FALL AMENDS IE2YTS TN EIGHT VOTES the Senate rejected 35 amendments to the JL Peace Treaty, which had been offered by Senator Fall,' Republican, of New Mexico and favored by the majority of the committee on Foreign Relations. At no point did the opponents of the Treaty muster more than 31 votes, and the Senate by majorities ranging to 28 re fused to remove Americans from the various committees and commissions which are raised in the Treaty, to execute its provisions. Senator Lodge affects to find consolation in this over- whelrning defeat of the committee of which he is a member because the vote against the amendment was a little less than two-thirds of the entire vote. From this circumstance Senator Lodge affects to find that two-thir.ds of the Senate will not ratify the Treaty. The conclusion will be proved, by events, most unsound, Senators who might line with their party, as favoring certain amendments sure to be beaten, cannot be counted upon to vote down the treaty, continue the state of war, and compel the United States to get the nest terms it can. The vote upon the Fall amendments may rather be receiv ed as showing that the Senate will ratify the treaty, with per naps, some minor reservations, of an interpretative nature which will not in the least affect the value of the instrument as a means of preventing war. ALWAYS THE ISSUE LFRED STEWART O'BRIEN, who is a newspaper man and a Socialist, is candidate for mayor on the Socialist ticket, and very well able to present the tenents of his party. says: "At this time it is impossible to say what the issue of this election will be." There is but one real issue in a Socialist campaign, which is that the means by which rent, interest. dividends and profits are taken to private use, must be socializ ed under the control and direction of the Co-operative Com monwealth. Brother O'Brien is opening his campaign with a xioment of lassitude. THE KONG WHO DID NOT ACT LIKE A KING XHE INFANCY of the race is hidden in the mists of the . ages. How m'en attained kings is a long, long story, only half told. The father may have been the original king. The transition from paternal to kingly authority was by dei-: Mis roads, which need not be retrodden now. (Continued, in haul Two Columns) Sketches from Life By Temple "MavKo V Air. TTC - TM LOOKING BACK 50 YEARS (From the Farmer, Friday, October 3, 1869) Mr. Charles Nabor who has recently purchased fhe saloon on the corner of Pembroke and Willard streets, will serve up a free lunch to his friends tomorrow. Maggie Mitchell, the popular actress, has been drawing crowded houses in Hartford and is to appear in New Haven. Why can we not have her here for a few nights? We took a look a day or two since at the new vault door put in for the City National Bank. It is considered a fine piece of work and is an additional one to those already in use. The former "lock up" was considered perfectly secure but in these days of roguery ordinary bars and bolts seem mere playthings in the hands of burglars and thieves and so the officers of this bank concluded to make assurance doubly sure. During the recent great freshet in the Housatonic river an immense amount of property was carried down the river and out into the Sound. Lumber in great quantities went by Strat ford in rafts. Large stacks of hay containing several tons each came down, looking in the distance like brown tents of some wild bivouac. Whiting & Cook have opened their new fish market at No. 84 State street. Mr. Whiting is an old veteran- at the business and knows how to keep a market while Cook can beat any man we know of in selling products of the briny deep. We venture to say that they will do a good business from the start. The Auburn News has a sorrowful account of a bad mis take. A young lady refused to marry her sweetheart unless he stopped chewing tobacco. He agreed and the wedding came off in due season. Returning from the bridal tour, in the cars, the other day, he pulled a roll of something from his pocket. She thought it was tobacco, and therefore clutched it and threw it out of the window. Alas, it was a roll of money, $2,500 in all, and it has not been recovered. This shows the evil effect of strenuous objection to bad habits. "Isn't that like a woman?" iTERAHS OF FOREIGN WARS HOLD MEETIN Report Made By Committee on Looking Up Wounded Men in Hospitals. LARGE CLASS OF NEW MEMBERS Comrade Lashar Appointed on Staff of Commander For Drive. THE OFFICIAL A. E. F. COMMUNIQUE ISSUED ONE YEAR AGO TODAY October 3 (No. 142) American troops fighting with the French have driven back the enemy and taken Blanc Mont and other positions in Champagne. Between the Moselle and the Forest of Argonne wo carried out the usual artillery and patrol activity, taking a number of prisoners. (Continued from First Two Columns) Men needing authority above them, that there might be concordant action of the group, respected the holder of the authority, and it became easy to praise him, and profitable, and the good deeds of the king were proclaimed by trumpets. Albert of Belgium, who with the good Queen Elizabeth is the guest of America, did,' in a kingly position, conduct him-. self UXLIKE a king. Hence America loves him, proclaims him : hero; extends to him the benediction of a noble welcome. The best kings, take them as they run, have lived in Eng-' land. Those who have read Dickens "History of England," written for the young, will remember how seldom there was a good Kirig in England, and how frequently it happened that there was a poor king, and a worse man. The Czar was not a good king. Constantlne was not' good. The Rulers of Rumania, Serbia, Bulgaria, Turkey, Ger many and Austria were bad propositions. By simple rule of mathematics it is ascertained, from anj cient and modern examples, that kings are bad actors, aa they. say. Albert of Belgium carried himself like a man. Few are the kings who have risen to the stature of men. They don't get a chance. Albert surmounted his difficulties. He was heroic, to the uttermost? He is a king good enough to be a President. He is a king whose people would be willing to elect him to the presidency He is welcome and ten times welcome in America. GETTING OUT OF CONFUSION Holding . To Bring Conferences R. R. leu Together DEPUTATION OF TRANSPORT MEN AND ASSOCIATED UNIONS CONFER WITH PREMIER AND MINISTERS. London, Oct 3 Negotiations be tween the government and labor rep resentatives other than railwaymen were resumed today in an effort to bring the authorities and the railway representatives together for a settle ment of the railroad strike. At at early hour a conference took place on the government side in which the premier, Georgo N. Barnes, minister without portfolio. Sir Robert Home, the minister of labor, and Sir Eric Geddes, the min ister of transport, participated. At that time no hour had 'been fixed for the renewal of the mediation effort, but shortly after noon it was learned that a deputation of the transport men and associated unions had gone to confer with the premier and the ministers. Karlier dn the day, J. H. Thomas, the railway union's secretary, an nounced that the members of the de putation which took part in the "Downing street conference yesterday were unanimous in support of the na tional union of railway men in re fusing the government's offer regard ing a settlement. The government had insisted that work must be re sumed by the railway strikers before the negotiations could be reopened, but it appeared that the labor lead ers objected both to this proposition and to -the carrying out of the. govern ment's order holding back the pay of men for the last week they worked before the strike. Instructions to the miners' organ ization as to their attitude towards the strike were issued1 .by Robert Smil lie, their leader, today. All the min ers' federations were advised against precipitate action In the present Junc ture, but the miners were ordered not to undertake the duties of striking1 railroad men. . (Responsibility for withholding the railroad1 men's wages Is assumed by the -government in a. statement issued from Downing Street last night. It reads: "The members of the national -union At an overflow meeting of the Vet erans of Foreign Wars of the Unite Slates last night at their lodge rooms. 189 State street, a detailed report was made by the committee in charge of looking up wounded, crippled and sick overseas men in the local hos pitals. When at was announced that Ed ward J. Price, whose home is in the North avenue extension, was inca pacitated for work from the effects of gas and wounds, a fund of $700 was immediately raised and a sub stantial check out of that amount was immediately voted to take care of the immediate needs of the man. It was also announced by the in vestigating committee that while Price was serving in France, his wife found it impossible to secure the al lottments from her husband's pay for ten months. These allottments are still due'. The case was immediately put on record and the details forwarded to the Legislative committee of the Vet erans of Foreign Wars in Washing ton, which will give it prompt atten tion. It was also announced that accord ing to orders from National Head quarters all service men who have had trouble with the Vocational Board, Allottments, Liberty Bonds or back pay, to bring their troubles to the nearest Veterans of Foreign Wars post and that they would receive prompt and careful attention. A large class of new members was induoted into the order last night among whom were Joseph J. Devine, attorney at law and Sergeant Con nery of the Traffic Squad. Comrade Thomas H. Lashar, has been appointed National Aide on the staff of the Commander-in?chief and in this, capacity will have complete charge of the drive for membership which will sweep all over Southern New England within the next few WITHOUT Eur much effort apparently Mr. King, th9 Republican leader, has plunged the Democratic par ty of Bridgeport into a confusion which promises to keep May or Wilson in power for another two years. There are three candidates, each with his group of ardent supporters, who have conducted th.e primary campaign, with the aid of astute dis-i turbers so as to obtain the maximum quantity of dissalisfac- tion. To make the situation yet more confused Mr. King has 15 delegates, without whose aid no candidate can be nominated. And the candidate who gets those delegates will be seriously handicapped with popular doubt as to how he got them, be he ever so innocent. In order to have anr standing as a Democratic convention, the nominating body will have to represent the mind of 45 dele gates, who can be said to represent the party. It is not too late to undo all the confusion, which the clev erness and resources of the opposition have created. There are two roads out. Either two candidates may agree upon one of the others, or all three candidates may retire, in favor of a fourth, who will be the unanimous choice of the Democracy. It is already pretty well determined that the existing can didates cannot agree in favor of each other, which leaves really but one alternative, let all withdraw in favor of a fourth. Here is a problem to be solved. By using a little brains and little unselfishness the Democracy can help the ettjL and help itself. Failing in the necessary intelligence and tion to conditions it is to be feared that Mr. King v more heave a hearty laugh at opponents who have been years signally unsuccessful in their political collision j?1.35i FREXCII RATIFICATION 1&0 I 12.25 j Y 372 to 53 the French Chamber approved, yestey52.50. Peace Treaty. There was some argument ai?x it. It was said that the frontiers of France were not suf.raiently protected, that reparations were too small, that Germany had no been sufficiently disarmed, and that there should have been further allocations of German territory. These were. such sug gestions as might follow from extreme patriotism, by which mn.n ni.nhohlv ramp from e-rnnns which desired to harass the government. The arguments which were made with such energy in the United States Senate were not heard in the Chamber. -No Frenchman suggested that French sovereignty would be sac rificed to a super-state or that France would be dragged into affairs not her own concern, or that Great Britain would dom inate the League. France, it is to be assumed, values independence and knows what sovereignty is, and does not desire to enter into engagements by which she must sacrifice either. The legislators of France and England are probably not abler men than those in the American Senate, but they are less accustomed to frivolous, partisan agitation, and are surround ed by those who having suffered more from the war, are pre pared to resent unreasonable opposition to a program of per manent peace. And it is of course true that the League of Nations which binds everybody to identical understandings requires the sac rifices and reciprocities which every agreement imposes upon those who make it. 1) n of railway men broke their contracts and stopped work without notice in complete disregard of the effect their actions would have on the persons and property of ordinary citizens in their charge. "They inflicted damage on innumer able people, left food the people de pended upon for subsistence to go to waste, put vast numbers to great ex pense by leaving" them stranded with out conveyance, and inflicted great losses upon many by preventing them from reaching destinations. The damages to which they are liable in law are vastly greater than the amount now being withheld. "If an early resumption of work occurs, different considerations may arise. In the meantime, the country is still subjected to unexampled in jury by the railway men's action, and, in these circumstances, the govern ment would not be justified in handing over to the strikers a sum which would be used for prolonging a strug gle undertaken without any consid eration for the welfare of the puolic and which is endangering the whole Ufa of i the nation." ' v days. Comrade Claud Coffin was ap pointed officer of the day in wmcn capacity he has been acting in a temporary manner for the past sev eral meetings. Captain Avis, of New Haven, was a guest of the Veterans of Foreign Wars for the open part of the meet ing and delivered a short address which was received in an enthusiastic manner. Captain Avis is the editor of the Veterans Journal of New Ha ven and assured the assembled V. F. W.s that his paper stood solidly be hind them in all their work. EDERAL GRAND JURY WILL NOT INDICT PACKERS Chicago, Oct. S The Department of JusUce attack on the packers led by Attorney General Palmer has ac grand jury. Special prosecutors were named,' and a month ago the campaign to ob tain indictments was begun. It was largely conducted in newspapers until Judge Carpenter rebuked the gov ernment officials and threatened ta dismiss the grand jury. This was the dp following Attorney General Palmer's Albany speech attacking the packers. The grand Jury will be discnargeS. today. Now the whole matter must' be submitted again to another grand jury, Disruct Attorney' Cline, who ia, losing sleep over the sugar situation,. is not disturbed by the packers cases,. Many witnesses will have to be rey called and the work gone over again.1) GEBMAS CLERKS ORGANIZE. 1 Weimar, Oct. 3 As the result 0j conference between various German) organizations the Clerical Offlca Workers' Central Union has been or: ganized. It comprises more thanA 350,000 members, making it, it is con-' tended, the biggest organisation of office worker in world.