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THE TIMES: TUESDAY, JULY 20, 1920
THE, BRIDGEPORT TIMES
And Evening Farmer.
j (FOUNDED 1780.)
Bryant, Griffith A Brunson, Nw Tork, Boaton and Chicago
MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATES PRESS
-uullahed by Tha Farmer Publishing Co.. 179 Fairfield Ave.. Bridgeport. Conn.
DAILY. . . . 60o month, $6.00 per year WEEKLY . .81.00 per year in advance
The Associated Preaa is exclusively entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper
and also the local news published herein.
Entered at Post Offloe. Bridgeport, Connecticut, as second class matter.
TUESDAY, JOiV 20, 1920
THE SITUATION in which Connecticut trolleys find
themselves is the product of a long chain of events.
In the early years of the last decade of the nineteenth century,
electric street cars had replaced horse cars in various parts of
Bridgeport was one of the last cities to be equipped with
the new form of conveyance. The Bridgeport Traction Com
pany was created. A line was built to Shelton. Communica
tion was set up with Norwalk. Lines were built in Norwalk,
New Britain, Waterbury, Meriden and other places.
The cost of these lines, as of 1901, was about $38,000 a mile.
It was in this year that the Bridgeport lines were consolidated
by the Connecticut Railway & Lighting Company, an organlza
t;on which had many names and an interesting career at Hart
ford, where it exercised a potent influeilce on legislation.
The merger of these several small lines being completed,
little or nothing was added to them, except wind and water.
The elements of inflation were enough to boost the cost per
mile from $38,000 to $153,000, approximately.
At first the presence of these electric lines was a cause
of anxiety to the New Haven Railroad, then rich and power
ful, and paying big dividends. The railroad, by indirection,
began to acquire trolley properties. The Consolidated Street
Railway company was formed, which acquired trolleys in New
Haven, Hartford, and many other places. These properties
acquired a large amount of inflation.
In 1906 Connecticut was well honeycombed with trolley
lines, which were operated by these two companies: the Con
necticut Railway & Lighting Company, and the Consolidated
Street Railway company.
There was more tinkering with the General Assembly, and
laws were contrived, under which, on June 30, 1907, the New
Haven company, the old, honorable and profitable steam road
system of New England was merged into the Consolidated
Street Railway Company, which in the meantime had acquired
the lines of the Connecticut Railway &. Lighting Company by
The steam road ceased to exist, as a corporate being, and it
became a street railway corporation, the Consolidated Street
Railway Company, which, completing the deception -of the
public, took the name, New York, New Haven & Hartford Rail
By this merger was completed the task of jamming wind
and water into the railroad property, a job so completely done,
that the dividends were suspended, five years later, in 1913,
and a stock which had been quoted and which was widely held
at 208 sunk to below 30 in the market, and has ever since re
mained there, or thereabouts.
Having -obtained all the trolleys, and having become a
trolley corporation, the Consolidated Street Railway Company,
using its borrowed name, taken from the old railroad, set off
its trolley properties, to a corporation known as the Connec
ticut company, which owns some of its lines, and rents the
remainder, owns the lines that were procured through the Con
solidated Street Railway Company, and operates those which
were acquired by lease from the Connecticut company.
These street railways are a steady and severe drain upon
the resources of the steam railroad. At the present time it
takes about all they earn to pay the rental of more than a mil
lion dollars a year, paid to the Connecticut Railway & Light
The conditions were such
for the dissolution of the transportation trust which the trolley
manipulators had created, largely under the direction of
Charles S. Mellen, ordered the trolley lines into the hands of
trustees of a Federal court, with
The trustees, instead of selling, have been holding on. The
earning power of the property has steadily depreciated in their
hands. Labor increased in cost; there were rising prices for
materials. There came an era
by the development of the automobile, and the trolleys were
charged more heavily for pavements and bridges. The auto
mobile began an intense competition, which the trolleys met
with increased rates and lessened service, thus denying the
principle that successful competition must give at least equal
service and equal rates.
Nevertheless, even under the trying conditions that have
prevailed, the trolley lines would pay. if it were not for the
wind and water they carry and the enormous rentals paid up
on wind and water.
The Connecticut Company confesses and pleads insol
It would be best if the property should be sold.
This would be best for the stockholders of the railroad
property, the street railway, which has taken the name and
the lines of the New Haven Company. The steam roads would
be freed of a burden which weighs heavily upon them.
Dissolution and sale would be best for the public. It is
the only method by which trolley service can be preserved, and
services furnished at prices which will enable the business to
The trustees ought forthwith to sell the property, as they
were ordered to do.
Thus will be shaken off the impossible rental which is
paid to the Connecticut Railway & Lighting Co.. and the wind
and water which no amount of fara- increases can ever make
With lines in the hands of owners who have acquired
them at value who give frequent service, and operate one man
cars at a five cent fare, the public can be served and capital
can have its profit.
An attempt, to. preserve the enormous rentals, the millions
of wind and water, and the inefficiency of the present system,
will result in increased evils. The annihilation of a new and
apparently superior form of service, by which the people re
ceive faster, cheaper and more frequent service, can not be
contemplated with satisfaction.
that the government, in moving
instruction to sell them.
of paved streets, brought on
Sketches from Life
FOR RAILROAD MEN
(Continued From Paee One.)
masters and assistant yardmasters 15
cents an hour.
Storekeepers, chief clerks, foremen
and other clerical supervisory forces,
clerks with one or more years rail
road experience, train and engine
crew callers, assistant stationmaster,
train announcers, gatemen and bag
gage and parcel room employes. 13
cents an hour.
Janitors, elevator and telephone
operators, watchmen, employes oper
ating office appliances and similar
work, 10 cents an hour.
Freight handlers or truckers, 12
cents an hour.
All common laborers in and around
stations, storehouses and warehouses,
not otherwise provided for, 8 cent3
Clerks of tak than one year's ex
perience, 6 cents an hour.
Office boys, messengers and other
employes under 18 years of age, five
cents an hour.
Stationary engine and boiler room
employes were advanced 13 cents an
hour for engineers, firemen and oil-1
ers, while water tenders and coal f
jiassers received a ten cent increase.
In the signal department foremen,
inspectors, maintainers, signal men
and their assistants were increased 12
cents an hour; helpers 10 cents an
The new railroad unions which call
ed the series of strikes this spring af
ter their members had broken away
from the recognized brotherhoods,
will submit the boards decision to a
referendum vote of their membership,
John Grunau, President of the Chi
cago Yardmen's Association announc
Rejecting the demands for the re
organized rail unions for increases to
tailing approximately one billion dol
lars the board decided approximately
60 percent of that sum would be a
Just increase to meet present living
Whether the award as given will
stave off the threat of a gefferal rail
road strike remains to be seen. The
leaders of practically every one of
the sixteen big railroad unions were
present when Judge R. M. Barton,
chairman of the board, handed down
the decision. They left immediately
to present award to 1,000 general
chairmen, who had gathered here to
pass on it. The union presidents re
fused to make any comment before
the meeting. The approximate terms
of the decision had been known to
them yesterday and they believed
then their men would stay in line at
least until a referendum vote could be
taken. Nearly a month will be needed
for the referendum.
12,000 MEN TO GO.
Philadelphia, July 20 With the
statement that "it is time the men got
down to work," the Pennsylvania
Railroad made known today that
within the next few days it will dis
miss approximately 12,000 employes.
All are in the eastern region, which is
bounded on the west by Altoona, the
north by Lake Ontario, the south by
Washington and the east by the At
lantic Ocean. Virtually every class
of workers is affected except en
gineers, firemen, conductors, brake
men and switchmen.
It is estimated that between 1,000
and 1,500 men will be layed off in
Philadelphia and suburbs.
The notices of dismissal will be ef
fective five days after their receipt,
which, in many cases, mean today.
Clerks, shopmen and maintenance
of way men are the ones most af
fected by the order, hich came after
a conference of Elisha Lee and gen
eral officials of the Eastern region, of
which, as Vice President, he has
The statement added that it was
hoped to place the dismissed men in
While some statesmen, worry about
lavish expenditure, others see no oc
casion for alarm, as the money can
always be borrowed.
The politicians see no objections
to the commission form of govern
ment, provided they get the commls-
"How's She Feel?"
Hartford, July 2 0 Connecticut
Republican women have taken steps
to bring influence to bear on their
party to secure ratification of the
suffrage amendment. Miss Mary Ol
cott, Mrs. James Stokes and Mrs. W.
H. Allee, all of Ridgefleld, started
last night for Columbus, O., to tell
the Republican National Executive
Committee how strongly Connecticut
Republican women were feeling over
that painful position in this state and
that they held the Republican party
responsible for the delay in ratifica- 1
Hum ui nit; tuuenAmen u. it win
the first time that Connecticut women
have presented their demands in per
son to the National Republican Com
mittee. Miss Olcott said they would
tell the committee of the protests be
ing circulated by Republican women
in this state pledging not to help the
Republican party in Connecticut by
contributing money, raising money
or speaking in the campaign until the
thirty-sixth state had ratified the
TAKE UP FIGHT
FOR FREE SPEECH
The American Civil Liberties union
of New York has taken up the fight
of Sam Lavit for free speech In
Bridgeport. A letter has been receiv
ed by Lavit signed by Lucille B.
Millner, field secretary of that organ
ization saying that Uie Liberties union
are very much interested in Lavit's
fight for free speech in this city and
they are ready to furnish speakers or
give aid in other ways in the matter.
Lavit who was arrested at the
plant of the Columbia Graphophone
Co. on last Friday noon and who was
released in the custody of his attor
ney, Hugh J. Lavery when arraigned
in City court on last Saturday morn
ing said this morning that no speak
ers would be brought to this city until
his case is settled. Lavit will be ar
raigned in City court again on next
Friday morning to answer to charges
of speaking without a police permit
at the Graphophone on last Friday
Lodge No. 30, Amalgamated Metal
Workers of America which lodge
Lavit is affiliated with has started a
movement to naturalize all the Span
ish members who recently were ad
mitted to Lodge No. 34 which is a
part of the A. M. W. of A. Five of
the Spaniards appeared before the
Naturalization Bureau in the County
Court House this morning and ma.de
their first declaration for their first
papers to become citizens. It is plan
ned to have ten of these workers ap
pear each day for their first papers.
After the case of Lavit has been
settled he will leave this city tem
porarily and go to Newark, N. J.,
while Stephen Bircher, another or
gaizer will take up the fight for free
speech in this city. Bircher will at
tempt to speak at the Lake Torpedo
Boat Co. on next Friday noon.
FORM KING AND
Snydey, Australia, July 20. Decision
to form a "king and empire alliance,"
to counteract what were termed dis
loyal doctrines was taken at a big
mass meeting here today. Speakers
denounced the utterances of Arch
bishop" Mannix of Australia, who now
is in New York.
American Consul .Norton, who ad
dressed the meeting, said movements
such as the one being inaugurated by
the gathering were needed "to coun
teract the influences aiming at de
struction of the mutual confidences
existing between the British empire
and the United States."
COL. MURPHY TALKS
OF THE CONVENTION
(Continued from Page One.)
lector Walsh and some others were
We had a great trip both going out
and coming back. We went out
through Michigan and to Chicago and
then went to Kansas City where we
were joined by the New Jersey dele
gation and then went by the Santa
Fe to Los Angeles and arrived in San
Francisco, Friday, July 2. On Sat
urday night Homer Cummings gave a
banquet for the Connecticut delega
tion at the St. Francis hotel at which
he had as guests Gov. Bruff of
Arkansas, Secretary of State Colby
and Bruce Kraemer, vice chairman of
the National Committee.
"And say, Colby is a great man, I
believe that if he had been in the
party a little longer he would have
been the nominee."
"You've heard all about the con
vention so there is no use of telling
"We had a great trip back. You
think that you'd never come to the
end of the 40 mile bridge over the
Great Salt Lake and the Yellow Stone
Park was wonderful.
iIt you ever go out there and go
to the Old Faithful Inn you had bet
ter bring your checs book along
Whv thev charge you $14 extra if
you took a bath in the bath tubs ad
joining your room."
There was considerable discussion
of state politics on The way back. It
was the common opinion that Homer
Cummings should have the nomina
tion for U. S. Senator if he wanted it
and Mayor Fitzgerald was spoken of
as the most likely candidate for Gov
ernor. Congressman Lonergan was
also talked of for this place as he
has said that he could not afford
to run for Congress again. Thomas
Spellacy intimated that he was not a
candidate this year.
Sneak thieves transferred their op
erations from Bridgeport to Fairfield
last night, and netted approximately
$250 by three "breaks." The resi
dences of Frank Faum and Herbert
Smith, both on the Post road, were
entered sometime during the night.
At the-Smith home, the robbers made
off with $50 and a pair trousers be
longing to George Anderson, a board
er. The police have not ascertained
as yet what was stolen from Faum.
The third burglary occurred at the
residence of Samuel Einerstein, In
Pine Creek road, where $200 in cash
was taken. The thieves gained en
trance to all three places by smash
ing windows. Sheriff H. R. Elwood
started an investigation of the rob
"beris this morning.
Hartford, July 2 0 Assistant United
States Attorney General Thomas J.
Spellacy of this city will tender his
resignation of his federal position to
Attorney General Mitchell Palmer In
the future and return to this city to
live. He intends to resume his law
practice here and will take over active
management ' of his newspaper, The
Hartford Post, which he recently
bought. He expects in the fall to
take an active part in the national
and state campaigns.
Guests at the summer hotels re
ported much embarrassed, as they
give their orders to college girl wait
ers who know how to pronounce the
If these young sports who wear
the fancy, shirts will now adorn them
selves with a corsage bouquet and
earrings, they will look fine.
is Fragrant and
Sample free of Cuticorm Laboratoriaa, Djl.
(From The Parmer, Tuesday, July 20, 1870)
The Danbury News says : ' ' Sunday being a balmy day
the styles were brought out. The most richly dressed
lady we saw is the wife of a man who has owed this office
$13 for nearly three years. He says he can't raise the
money. We believe him.''
Hon. William H. Barnum was in this city yesterday.
We see it stated that the coal monopolists have failed
in every attempt so far, this
of coal, by means of pretended strikes, etc. This will be
agreeable news to consumers in this section of the country.
The billiard saloon formerly kept by Spooner at No.
21 Wall street will be reopened this evening by the new
proprietor, Mr. W. Connor.
Two of our Bridgeport boys take part in the prize
declamations at Yale this evening, Messrs. George Rich
ards and John H. Hincks. Only ten take part.
(Continued from Page One.)
also undergone some changes.
Shamrock again was the first of the
cup sloops to make sail today.
Robert W. Emmons, 2nd., managing
owner of Resolute, said today before
she cast off from her moorings that
if the better boat won the cup. Reso
lute would be returned the victor in
"Maybe I'll disguise Shamrock as a
flivver and see what she can do,"
said Sir Thomas today. "I asked
Henry Ford the other day when he
visited me if he could not put an
invisible motor in my boat."
A heavy fog mantled the sea this
morning and through the murk came
the warning cry of the sea siren on
the Ambrose Channel light vessel,
nine miles away, clear evidence that
the northwest wind was much lighter
Shortly after 9 a. m. the wind be
gan to freshen and prospects for a
real race were better.
When Shamrock dropped her moor
ings at 9:45 a. m. and headed sea
ward there was not as much wind off
shore as came over the top of the
Resolute dropped her moorings at
10:18 a. m. and took a tow for the
light ship. Fog obscured the start
ing point from spectators on the Jer
It was reported that Captain An
drew J. Applegate of Seabright had
been taken aboard Shamrock to assist
Captain Burton with his knowledge
of local tide and wind conditions.
At 11 a. m. the toreeze had increased
to seven knots an hour and gave
every indication of holding.
At 11:30 the regatta committee hoist
ed the "G" signal flags, postponing
the s-tart of (be race until later in the
day, evidently in the hope, of a strong
At 11:42 a. m. the committee hauled
down the postponement flag. The
committee then set signals for today's
First, a reach south southeast; sec
ond, a beat west by north, and third,
a reach to the finish northeast by
The preliminary signal was sounded
at noon for a start at 12:15 over a tri
angular course leading out to sea, back
toward the Jersey shore to a point oft
Shrewsbury rock, thence back to the
Ambrose Channel lightship. The
breeze had dropped to three knots,
giving the yachts just steerage way.
Resolute came down and tacked
underneath Shamrock. Then both
stood along with only 50 yards be
tween them and Shamrock to weather.
Then Shamrock broke away and
headed back to the lightship, followed
by Resolute. The wind was very soft
and the yachts moved slowly.
Shamrock led across the line at
12:15:48, followed by Resolute at
12:16:26, although Resolute allowed
the challenger to start first, the Lip
ton craft had trouble with its ballooner
which would not break out and
was promptly hauled down, the Brit
ish sailors working feverishly to clear
the fouled sail.
Nearly catching Shamrock five min
utes after the start. Resolute sailed
past her to leeward at 12:22. Having
cleared the fouled jib topsail, the
crew of Shamrock set their spinnaker.
It did not draw well, and Resolute
sped on with her big ballooner out
and the other head sails drawing well.
It was evident to observers that sail
handling on the challenger had been
bungled. The splKiaker was taken
in at 12:25 and a smaller one set. This
also failed to fill quickly and 10 min
utes after the start Resolute was lead
ing by 50 yards At 12:30 her lead
was 200 yards. She was slipping along
smoothly and fast under main sail,
club topsail and big ballooner. Sham
rock was steadily dropping behind be
cause her headsails refused to fill and
it looked as if her skipper was in
At 12:23 Shamrock lowered her
fore staysail and jib and set an Eng
lish bowsprit spinnaker or balloon
forestaysail. She still clung to No.
1 reaching jib topsail. By this time
Resolute was 300 yards ahead.
At 12:50 Resolute was sailing along
easily with her ballooner drawing
splendidly while Shamrock was flap
ping the wind ut of Jier -small reach
ing jib topsail and the little fore
topsail that looked like a fisherman's
fore topsail as it was hoisted only
half way to the cross trees. Yachting
experts couldn't understand why
Burton did not set his ballooner.
At 12:55 the breeze began haul
ing to the south. Resolute broke
out her jib and prepared to beat to
the first mark. Shamrock was half
a mile astern, but somewhat to
At 1 p. m. Resolute ran into a soft
spot and Shamrock drew up within
a quarter of a mile of her.
At 1:10 Shamrock passed Resolute
to windward and took the lead again.
At 1:25 with her little fisherman's
staysail set ahead of her mast draw
ing nicely, Shamrock ran a quarter
of a mile ahead of Resolute. She
picked up a puff of air and sailed
around Resolute to windward, luck
being with Shamrock for the first
Resolute still clung to her ballooner
which seemed to draw well, but could
not, apparently, compete with Sham
rock's baby fore topsai'
Two airplanes raced up and down
the course, coming closer to the cup
craft than usual. Overhead hovered
a big naval dirigible.
Want a bargain in mer
chandise? Read Times Want
Ads. ' ,
season, to force up the price
TENSE IN GRAHAM
Durham, N. C, July 20. Reports
from Graham, where a mob of masked
men last night attacked the county
Jail in an effort to lynch three negroes
and engaged in a pitched battle with
members of a machine gun company
protecting the prisoners, said all was
quiet early today 'but the situation
still was tense. Later reports failed
to add to the casualty list of one dead
and two wounded, all white specta-
The Durham reserve militia, num
bering 125 men, was held in readiness
to proceed to Graham.
Sending of further military forces
was ,held up pending an investigation
of tfie situation by state officers, as a
number of influential citizens of Gra
had had protested that the presence
of the additional militiamen would fan
the flame of ill-feeling against the
machine gunners and the three ne
groes who are held in connection with
a brutal assault on a white woman
last Saturday night.
MANY CALLS AT
Nine patients suffering from minor
injuries were treated at the Emer
gency hospital yesterday.
William Wendell, 9 years old, of 33
George street, was treated by Dr.
Parmellee for a laceration of the
palm of the right hand.
Thomas Lewis, 50, of 17 67 Main
street was also treated by Dr. Groark
advised to go to the hospital by Dr.
Joseph Carmody, 23, of 91 Mill Hill
avenue suffered an abrasion of the
right thumb. Treated by Dr. Owen
James McCarthy, 14, of 1574 Main
street was alsotreated by Dr. Groark
for first degree burns of the face.
Giaqcointo Niche, 10, of 288 Grand
street fell on a broken bottle yester
day afternoon and was treated by Dr.
B. J. Burns of the Emergency staff
who t'ok two stitches to close the
Robert Fannell, 14, of 178 French
street, was treated 'by Dr. Burns for
a dog bite of the right leg.
Robert Carlin, 36 years old, of Myr
tle beach, was taken to Hillside home
yesterday afternoon after he had
fallen on the street from imbibing too
much of the. forbidden "hooch."
Paul Blanchard, 51, of 375 Harral
avenue, sustained a possible fracture
of the right shoulder while at work at
the Stratford Lum'ber Co. He was
treated by Dr. Burns at the Emergen
cy and taken home.
John Eato, 20, of 145 Lexington ave
nue, sustained a laceration of the in
dex finger of his right hand while t
work at the Empire Furniture Co. He
was treated at the Einergency toy Dr.
CITY KEPT CLEAR
OF TYPHOID FEVER
Following the announcement made
yesterday by Dr. Stanley Osborne of
the State Board of Health, that 75
cases of typhoid fever had been re
ported in the state from January 1 to
July 1, Health Officer Coon announc
ed this morning that Bridgeport had
been kept practically clear of this
disease for the same period.
There were only six cases reported
at the offices of the local board of
health for this year up to July 1, and
there were no deaths resulting from
any of the cases. According to the
report of Dr. Osborne ten of the cases
of the state were traced to infected
milk. Dr. Coon said this morning
that this was a remarkable low per
centage. "In this city," said Dr. Coon,
"the fact that 8 6.2 per cent, of all the
milk supplied to the city is pasteuriz
ed and as a result we have very few
cases of typhoid to report. The per
centage of pasteurized milk in this
city to the total consumption is the
largest in the United States."
TO RETURN ROMSICK
TO CLL7VKL AXI.
Charges againist Theodore Rom
sick, who was arrested here about a
week ago for the Cleveland authori
ties, were nolled in the City Court
this morning, when the man was
taken into custody by a Cleveland
officer. He will be returned to the
Ohio city where he will answer
charges of the theft of $1,600.
O'HARA In this city, Sunday, July
18, 1920, John J. O'Hara, aged 54
Friends are invited to attend the
funeral from his late residence, 178
Catherine street, on Wednesday
morning, July 21, at 8:30 and from
St. Augustine's church where a sol
emn high mass will be offered for
the repose of his soul at 9 o'clock.
Burial in St. Michael's cemetery.
TOO LATE FOR CLASSIFICATION.
SEWING MACHINES REPAIRED at
your home or shop, all makes. Drop
postal. De Rose, 9 5 Harriet St.,
FOR SALE Hupmobile racer, in Al
condition; tires good all around.
Price $150. 839 Warren St. P20dp