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SITRSCRIRF. NOW TO THE BRIDGEPORT TIMES. Write or telephone The Bridgeport Times. Business Department: Barnum 1208. II SUBSCRIPTION RATES: 60 cents month; $6.00 a. year. VOL. 57 NO. 54 EST. 1790 o QUICK RETURN BY HARDING PRESIDENT DENOUNCES ALLIANCES Says Unemployment Must Be Brought to End and Hopes for Day When Amerila Will Become "Nation of Homes." (By Associated Press.) "Washington. President Harding, in his inaugural speech, said: "My countrymen, when one surveys the' world about him after the great Btorm, noting the marks of destruc tion and yet rejoicing in the rugged 71 ess of the things which withstood it, if he is an American he breaithos the clarified atmosphere with a strange mingling of regret and new hope. We have seen world passion spend its fury, but we contemplate our repub lic unshaken, and hold our civilization fipcure. Liberty liberty within the law and civilization are inseparable Hnd though both wero threatened we find them now secure, and there comes to Americans the profound as surance that our representative gov ernment is the highest expression and purest guaranty of both. "Standing in this presence, mindful of the solemnity of this occasion. feeling the emotions which no onei may Know until ne senses tne great weight of responsibility for himself, 3 must utter my ibelief in the Divine Inspiration of the founding fathers. Surefiy there must have been God's intent in the making of this New "World republic. Ours is an organic law which had hut one ambiguity, end we saw that effaced in a baptism of sacrifice and blood, with union maintained, the nation supreme and Its concord inspiring. "We have seen t he world rivet its hopeful gaze on the great truths; on which the-founders wrought. "We have seen civil, hu man and religious liberty verified and l.-rified. In the beginning, the old o rid scoffed at our experiment, to day onr foudations of political and social belief stand unshaken, a pre vious inh.erita.noe to ourselves, an in quiring example of fiviedom and civil i'.:;tion to all mankind- Let us ex press T"enewed and strengthened devo tion. In gratielul reverence for the immortal beginning, and utter our ! infidence in the Supreme fulfillment. Irogress Proves Wisdom. "The recorded progress of our re public, materially and spiritually, in itself proves the wisdom of the inher ited policy of non-involvement in Old World affairs. Confident of our ability to work out our own destiny and jeal onaly guarding our right to do so, we week no part in directing the destinies of the Old World. "We do not mean to be entangled. We will accept no (Continued on Page Six) EXPRESSES HOPE THAT THIS COUNTRY WILL JOIN LEAGUE Paris. President da Cunha of the : i council of the League of Nations in a speech at the closing session of the council today expressed the hope that I the United States would enter the j League of Nations. STRIKERS IVOl'N'BED. Mexico City. A clash between Hirlkers and troops at Ouadalajara in inch a number of strikers were wounded was reported "by the gover nor of .lalisco today. Several thous and foundry and smelter workers at Monterey have struck in sympathy -with the railroaders. Gallagher Gives Mayor Overwhelming Defeat Lawrence T. Gallagher was re elected Exalted Ruler of the Bridge port lyodge of Klks at the annual meeting last evening, defeating his ompetitor. Mayor Clifford B. Wil son, by 592 to 343. Dr. J. F. Keeley overwhelmingly defeated his oppo nent. Fred Hunt, for Esteemed Tread ing Knight, the second highest chair in the line. Edward Daly was un opposed for Esteemed loyal Knight Attorney Edward .L.McManus was elected Esteemed Lecturing Knight. Edward J. Nevins. secretary; Charles H. Hinman. treasurer; Charles H. Miller. Tyler and William P. Kirk, trustees for three years. Exalted Ruler Gallagher was chos en as delegate to the Grand Lodge Reunion to be held in Los Angeles in uly. The contest between Mayor Wilson unci Mr. Gallagher for the chief office in Elkdom has attracted attention throughout ciVy and state. Friends X Df the rivals turned out in force, and from the time the polls opened at 5 o'clock until they closed at 9, a con li e ii a Entered .is second class matter 'at Bridgeport, Conn., under High Lights In Harding's First Speech Tlie recorded progress of our republic . . . proves the wisdom of the inherited policy of non involvement in Old World affairs. We seek no part in directing the destinies of the Old World. Our ears will never be deaf to the call of civilization. America. ... can bo a party to no permanent military alliance. We are ready to associate our selves with the nations of the world ... to relievo the crash ing hardens of military and naval establishments. Our supreme task is the re sumption of our onward normal way. There Is something Inherently wrong: . . . when one portion of our citizenship turns its activities to private gain amid defensive war wliilc another is fighting, sacrificing or dying for national preserva tion . We can strike at war taxation, and we must. Our most dangerous tendency Is to expect too mhch of govern ment and at the same time do for it too little. Wo need a rigid and yet sane economy combined with fiscal justice. We must seek readjustment with care and courage, trar peo ple must give and take. Prices mast reflect the receding fever of oar war activities. The call is for productive America to go on. I speak for . . . lightened tax burdens .... for an end to the government's experiment in busi ness .... My most reverent prayer for America is for industrial peace. If revolution insists on over turning established order, let other peoples make the tragic experiment. There is no place lor it in America. .... We cannot, while throw ing our markets open to the world, maintain American stand ards of living. We ought to find a way to guard against the perils and pen alties of unemployment. Wo want an America of homos. DEATH OF CHAMP CLARK CASTS PALL OVER CEREMONIES Washington. Hanging like a palT over the jollity and merry-making of the inaugural visitors- today was the dearth of Champ Clark the great Democratic leader, who almost was president. In Congress Hall Hotel, under the shadow of his beloved eap itol w here he labored for more than a quarter of a century and within a stone's throw of where today's cer emonies took place, the great Mis sourian's body lav in state, mourned by 'thousands. The cheers and noises with which the crowd welcomed the new pres ident drifted down through tnt bud ding trees in the. capitol grounds and penetrated faintly into the dim room where death had claimed a greatt man. C. OF C. TO BALJjOT Rosters and nominating ballots are being mailed to members of the Chamber of Commerce today. Twelve directors are to be nominated, and six will be elected to serve" three vears. The retiring directors are. Walter B. Lashar, E. J. Kingsbury, E. F. Von Wettberg. A. E. Lavery, Sam uel M. Hawley and George E. Craw ford. stant stream filed by the ballot box. In spite of the intense feeling which the contest aroused surprisingly little bitterness was manifested. The re-election of Mr. Gallagher is due to the belief that it would be a mistake to "swap horses" at this time, as under his administration work has been started on improvements to the club house with an approximate out lay of SI 50.000. which when com pleted will give to local Elks one of the finest club homes in the country. Mr. Gallagher is the first Exalted Ruler of Bridgeport Lodge, to succeed himself since Joseph C. Ivors was re elected after a bitter contest eleven years ago. Mr. Ivers, like Mr. Gal lagher, was the head of a building movement, and the lodge decided tf retain his services until the project was completed. Under Exalted Ruler Gallagher the lodge has shown the greatest increase in membership and in finances in its history. He will be installed with appropriate cere monies at the first regular meeting in April. I at the post office the act of 1879 TO PROSPERITY URGED IN INAUGURAL ADDRESS Wilson Can Give Startling Facts s On Peace Confab Leaves White House, Crippled and Half Blind, But Mind Intact, In Possession of Secrets That May Some Day Rock the World. (By Associated Press.) Washington. Woodrow Wilson leaves the White House today to seek health and rest in a life of practical retirement for a few months, and then pursue his work for world peace. Although it has been disclaimed for him that he would cut himself off from public.aen and affairs, it is known that for several months at least he will do little but take recreation. At his new homo recently acquired here be will walk in the spa cious garden, and sit in the sunshine. He will motor over the rolling Virginia hills where he used to play golf, and occasion ally visit the theatre. Mr. Wilson's announcement that he would take up the law again cam as a surprise to all Washington. Frail in health, with his body racked by 18 months of illness it has been supposed by Mr. Wilson's closest friends that he planned noth ing but rest. But Rear Admiral Grayson, his personal physi cian, says he is able to take up legal work and could even pos sibly appear before the supreme court of the United States, to which the retiring president soon will make applicaion for ad mission to practice. The second democratic President since Andrew Jackson to fill two successive terms, Mr. Wilson's eight years in the White House carried him through the range of human emotions. He was almost blindly idolized and cordially hated. Profound peace, the most terrible of wars, death of a wife and helpmate, courtship and marriage, and finally lingering illness all came in turn to brighten or darken his days. Eight years of it whitened his hair, racked his frame and impaired his physical vigor, but did not rust his mind. Characterized by his friends as a much wounded veteran of the World War as if he had been shot In batUe, he goes back to private life today re garded by his partisans as & living sacrifice to his Ideals. Woodrow Wilson was not a well man when he tool up the presidency. He was decidedly a sick man. He was threatened with B right's disease, which physicians diagnosed as having been brought about by a particular treatment for frequent head colds to which he and the first Mrs. -Wilson were subject. The wife died soon after, but his case yielded to care Some years before that, Mr. Wilson had suffered a thrombosis. In one of his legs. It was the lodging of a blood clot in an artery, but because of its location not serious. It was, however, a complaint of the same nature which caused his breakdown in 1919, when the clot formed on the right side of his brain Impairing the control of his left arm and leg. Uttle known also, is the fact that Mr. Wilson, like Mr. Roosevelt was practically sightless in one of his eyes. Bursting blood vessels in the retina practically made it useless, although the impairment was in part overcome by the use of eye glasses. He suffered also from nervous indigestion. With (Continued on Page Seven.) Germans Plan New Taxes To Meet Demands London. "The result of the German cabinet's deliberations on the indemnity situation is hopeful," it was announced by the German delegation today. The government at Berlin is back ing up Dr. Walter Simons. 'The ministry is already consider-.;. ; ing new forms ot taxation, ana it is moat likely that we shall be author ized to present a new indemnity of fer to the Allies on Monday." .Premier Lloyd George in deliver, ing the Allied ultimatum charged that the Germans were being insuf ficiently taxed. CABINET AMENDS FLANS. Berlin The German cabinet met this morning to draw up fresh in structions for the indemnity delega tion at London, based Upon the an swer which was returned yesterday to the Germans' counter-proposals. It was stated that Dr. Walter Simons, the foreign minister, will not be sup planted as head of the German dele gation. Dr. Simons is expected to re ply in detail to Premier Lloyd George's charges. There was every prospect today that the German cabinet will weather the indemnity crisis. Political part ies are rallying to the support of the government. TODAY'S PROFILE. Today's profile and identification j will be found os. Page &. tp&Xl ittte AND KVENlNG FARMER BRIDGEPORT, CONN., FRIDAY, MARCH 4, 1921 WEATHER FAIR Jiril VllVL 1111 $100,000 FIRE Holyoke, Mass. A general alarm was sounded here today when fire was discovered in the plant of the Judge Paper Company. The flames ate rapidly into the large stock of stationery," pads and other paper sup plies which the firm manufactures. The damage was $100,000 in a little more than an hour after the fire was discovered. Nearby buildings were threatened. XCRSES AGAEVST BILL. A mass nfeeting will be held to morrow at Gifford Chapel, New Ha ven hospital which, if is urged every nurse in the state not actively occu pied with a case, attend. The meet ing is verv important inasmuch as definite action will be taken protest ing a bill now before the legislature a,t Hartford that would put the nurses under- a state commission, which would also mean that a commission would have to bo paid the state. WILSON Mr. Wilson The Most Successful Man in the World Bridgeport Times First Page Editorial Events are interlocking. There is no absolutely independent thing. Everything that will be is taking its shape from things that are. Yet it is a law of the mind that it must take Inventory from some fixed point. It is not possible to see the whole fabric of life. The change of administration which takes place today in Wash ington marks one of these places at which men will stop to count up. President Wilson leaves of fice, an actor in the greatest drama of which men have any record. He is succeeded by Mr. Harding, whose future is a book, which to be sure is largely written, but . the writing is in an invisible Ink. Of ordinary mortals enough Is known when it is said that they were born, that they lived, mar ried and died, but when a man at tains a position of power or a place of great distinction another ques tion is asked about him. Will he be immortal? This is the question that most thoughtful men and women are asking about President Wilson. They know what his work has been. They know wh-atimmedl-ate consequences will flow from what he did. They do not know what place he will have in history, and they wish to know. The most comprehensive inquiry about Wilson's place in the world has been made by General Jan Christian Smuts. Smuts was asso ciated with Mr. Wilson in the work of the Peace Conference. He was interested with him in the for mulation of the Covenant of the League of Nations. By training, experience and character Smuts is as well equipped to estimate Wil son's position as any living man. Smuts says: "It is a great saying, of Mommsen I believe, m reference to the close of Hannibal's career m failure and eclipse, 'On those whom the gods love they lavish infinite joys and infinite sorrows.' " Then he says of Wilson: - "He failed, misunderstood and rejected by his own people, and his great career closes apparently in signal and tragic defeat." Here It seems that the distin guished general falls into an error which is quite a common qne. If a man is to be assessed in terms of ordinary mortality then it may be not unreasonable to say of the sor rows which beset him. of his ill ness, of his death, and of his defeat for office, oe of his loss of some lofty place, that "his career closes apparently in signal and tragic de feat." But the. position is not well taken even here, because all men are born and all men become sick and all men die, and no man knows certainly whether death is a tragic failure or a wonderful birth into a loftier and better life. That which can properly be call ed success consists of what a man does that is useful and good be tween the time when he is born and the time when he dies. Mr. Wilson drank deeply of the cup of life. He was called early to important responsibilities. He finally participated as usefully as he know how in the greatest hap penings in the written, history of men. It cannot be that tragedy ha-s overtaken him, or failure, or defeat merely because in his de clining years he shares that lot which no man escapes or ever es caped. It is not sound logic to say of a man who has been successful, who has wrought greatly and dealt largely, that he is a failure, or that he is defeated, because he cannot hold office forever. Why should men desire immor tality? The word is now used not in the sense of immortality here after, but in the sense of memory kept green. This passion is strong in the human heart, at least of those who have superior intelli gence, and so the question of Mr. Wilson's success in part might be left for the determination of other times. If he has gained a place in the pages of history, if millions will hereafter praise his name and his achievements and .call him blessed, he is successful, a thousand-fold successful as men count achievement with the limited com prehension which God has given to them. ' At least they must do things which will be considered good and useful by some considerable group of hu man beings. General Smuts says that Mr. Wil son's ambition was to end war, that Mr. Wilson sought to realize that ambition through the Covenant of the Tyeague. which is a contract to end war. Looking out from one of the watchtowers of the world. Gen eral Smuts says that, the Covenant of the League is in being, that it functions, that it is a success, that the world will flock to the shelter it affords, that it will exist and that men will bless it long aftier the terms of the treaty of peace are ac complished or forgotten. Mr. Wilson has not suffered a tragic defeat. He is the most suc cessful man of his time. - ' " ' He is the beginning df an en YIELDS REINS BECOMES 29TH PRESIDENT WITH QUIET CEREMONY (By Associated Press.) Washington. Pressing his lips to an historic Bible used at the inauguration of George Washington, Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States, took the oath administered by Chief Justice White. He had chosen the eighth verse from the sixth chapter of Micah, saying: "What doth the Lord require of thee but to do justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with thy God?" President Wilson, yielding to the last minute entreaties of his family and physician, took no part in the inaugural cere monies other than to accompany the incoming President from the White House to the capitol, where he signed some bills and then went with Mrs. Wilson to the new home which will be theirs in the residential section of the city. Immediately after the administra-..- Uon of the oath Mr. Harding turned to the vast crowd which stretched across the capitol plaza and began the delivery of his inaugural ad dress. Sound amplifiers carried his voice to the outskirts of the big assembly. A chill wind feebly warmed by a bright sun which the broad space which appeared strangely in contrast of other years when it has been il luminated toy the uniforms of West Point cadets, midshipmen from An napolis and troops. Pledging his oath anew to Ameri can institutions. President Harding reiterated a plea for a return to "nor malcy" for industrial peace, for friendship with the world, and spoke again a promise to work for an as sociation of nations to bring about peace and "approximate" disarma ment. But he coupled his renewed declarations with a fresh .pronounce ment against "entangling alliances." "America,'' he said. "can enter Into no political commitments, nor assume any economic obligations which. will subject our decisions to anv other than our own authority." "I am sura our people will not mis understand nor will the world mis construe." said the new President. "We have no thought to impede the paths to closer relationship. We wish to promote understanding. "We want to do our part to make offen sive warfare so hateful that govern ments and people who resort to it must prove the righteousness of their cause or stand as outlaws before the bar of civilization-' ' Then speaking of his determination to enter no "entangling alliances" Mr. Harding declared:: "This is not selfishness; it Is sanc tity. It is not aloofness; It is secur ity. It is not suspicion of others; it is patriotic adherence to the things which made us what we are." 1 Immediately at the conclusion of the inaugural address the small party reformed and took motor cars back to the White House .escorted by the cavalry troops which had brought it to the capitoL Yielding to last minute entreaties of his family and physician. President Wilson took no part in the Inaugural ceremonies today other than to ac company President-elect Harding from the White House to the capitol. He witnessed neither the ceremon ies in the Senate chamber which at tended the inauguration of Vice President Coolidge nor the ceremonies on the plaza outside the capitol where the incoming President took the oath. Immediately after signing some bills in the President's roomMr. Wil son returned to his motor car and drove back to his new home on S Siireet. Mr. Wilson had been warned that he would take part in the ceremonies at the capitol at the risk of losing all the gains he has made toward health if not indeed his life. The Senate galleries and floor were packed before the hour of adjourn ment came. The diplomatic gallery was filied. Charges Evans Hughes took a seat on the Senate floor early. He was soon joined by Herbert Hoover. Mrs. Harding took a seat in th? mem-biers' gallery. She sat in the front row, attired in black and wear ing a large bloe hat trimmed with feathers. Lorgnettes were levelled at her from all over the galleries. There were two women on the floor of the Senate 'Mrs. Thomas Q. Schall, wife of the blind Congressman from Minnesota, and Miss Alice Robertson, the new Congresswoman from Okla homa. The Inaugural program got under way according to schedule promptly at 10 o'clock, when the congressional committee in charge arrived at the New Willard hotel to escort the presidenft-elect and Mrs. Harding and the vice-president-elect and Mrs. Coolidge to the White House, Despite ihe abandonment of the inaugural procession and other cere monies, there were many marching clubs, booster clubs and "original" Harding organizations on hand. Pennsylvania avenue, as usual, was decorated for a state occasion. The broad thoroughfare had been wired off during the night and early today police were engaged in clearing out the few intruders who had gotten by the lines. Early callers at the Harding suite included friends from Marion, and members of the Republican National committee. The president-elect wore the conventional black cutaway coat. Mrs. Harding was attired in a one piece dress of navy blue canton crepe enbroidered with steel beads. The dress was of a straight-line coat ef fect. President-elect Harding, with Mrs. Harding and the vice-president-elect and Mrs. Coolidge left their hotel for 12 CENTS MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS the White House at 10:20 a. m. They were accompanied by mem bers of the congressional inaugural committee and riding in columns on Wither side of the automobiles were four troops of cavalry from Fort Myer with drawn sabres. .fter breakfast Mr. Harding shaved himself and dressed leisurely. His first visitors of the day were two po lice captains from New York who came to Washington in an airplane to present a personal message from Mayor Hylan. The vice-president and Mrs. Coo lidge also arose early and had break fast in their suite at the New Willard with Mr. Coolidge's father, Colonel John Calvin Coolidge, their two sons, John and Calvin, Jr., and several per sonal irienas. ' Asked how he felt on the mom-ug of his inauguration day the vice-president-elect said he did not feel half as important today as he did on the occasion of his graduation from liigh school. President Wilson arose at 8 o'clock and after breakfast with Mrs. Wilson he went to his study. White House officials said the president was a little fagged as the result of working late last night on bills and other official business. Accompanying the president-elect in the White House automobile was Sen ator Knox, chaircan of the Inaugural committee and Representative Can non. Next came an automobile bearing Vice-President-elect Coolidge, Vice-President Marshall and cither members of the inaugural committee. In a third automobile were Mrs. Harding and other members of the congressional committee. In anoth er machine rode Mrs. Coolidge and Mrs. Marshall. The party reached the White House in less than five minutes. When the automobiles reached the main entrance to the White House the President-elect a.nd other mem bers of his party with the congres sional committee entered the White House. After a stay of half an hour, the party came out. President Wil son and the president-elect walking together. The President walked slowly from the front door to the step where the White House automobile waited. He leaned on his cane but was otherwise unassisted until he reached the steps. He was helped down the steps and in to the car bv attendants who Tilcft )his feet on each succeeding step as une aesoent was made. The President-elect waited until Mr. Wilson had been assisted into the car and had taken his seat. Then he and Senator Knox and Representa tive Cannon entered the car. The machine used by the presiden tial party was an open touring car,. Behind i't was a landaulet which Mrdt Wilson and Mrs. Harding entered. Be hind the car occupied by Mrs. Wilson and Mrs. Harding was one with. Vice-President Marshall and Vice. President-elect Coolidge with mem, bers of !rhe congressional committer .and next was the car carrying Mrs. .Marshall and Mrs. Coolidge. The machines speeded up after reaching Pennsylvania avenue and arrived at the capitol at 11:15 a. m., lo minutes after the departure from the White House. Mr. Wilson did no wait at the White House for the army, sundry civil and immigration bills. They were taken to the capitol by White House attaches and delivered to the president there. President-elect Harding got out o the automobile at the regular Senate entrance and entered the Senate wing of the capitol. The automobile then moved on to a little used door be tween the Senate wing and the main building for the capitol where Mr. Wilson was assisted out of the car. He paused outside of the door and changed his glasses. The revolving door was opened and using his cane he walked into the building unassist ed but very slowly. He was accom- ; panied only by Secret Service men and passed a rolling chair that had been provided for him but which he did not use. Calvin Coolidge took office as Vice President - today and Thomas Riley Marshall relinquished that office, both voicing the hope that their nation may follow the precepts of its found ers. Coolidge, tall, austere and some what shy New Englander stood on the rostrum of the Senate and took -the oath of office and expressed the hope that the "vision of past genera tions may be more and more the reality of generations yet to come." Marshall, frail, grayed, and with a" tinge of regret in his voice, had a few minutes before delivered his vale dictory "I may Have failed, but I have tried to keep faith," Mr. Marshall said in farewell.