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The Bridgeport times and evening farmer. (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1918-1924, March 04, 1921, Image 1

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Write or telephone The Bridgeport Times.
Business Department: Barnum 1208. II
month; $6.00 a. year.
VOL. 57 NO. 54 EST. 1790
Says Unemployment
Must Be Brought to
End and Hopes for
Day When Amerila
Will Become "Nation
of Homes."
(By Associated Press.)
"Washington. President Harding, in
his inaugural speech, said:
"My countrymen, when one surveys
the' world about him after the great
Btorm, noting the marks of destruc
tion and yet rejoicing in the rugged
71 ess of the things which withstood it,
if he is an American he breaithos the
clarified atmosphere with a strange
mingling of regret and new hope. We
have seen world passion spend its
fury, but we contemplate our repub
lic unshaken, and hold our civilization
fipcure. Liberty liberty within the
law and civilization are inseparable
Hnd though both wero threatened we
find them now secure, and there
comes to Americans the profound as
surance that our representative gov
ernment is the highest expression and
purest guaranty of both.
"Standing in this presence, mindful
of the solemnity of this occasion.
feeling the emotions which no onei
may Know until ne senses tne great
weight of responsibility for himself,
3 must utter my ibelief in the Divine
Inspiration of the founding fathers.
Surefiy there must have been God's
intent in the making of this New
"World republic. Ours is an organic
law which had hut one ambiguity,
end we saw that effaced in a baptism
of sacrifice and blood, with union
maintained, the nation supreme and
Its concord inspiring. "We have seen
t he world rivet its hopeful gaze on
the great truths; on which the-founders
wrought. "We have seen civil, hu
man and religious liberty verified and
l.-rified. In the beginning, the old
o rid scoffed at our experiment, to
day onr foudations of political and
social belief stand unshaken, a pre
vious inh.erita.noe to ourselves, an in
quiring example of fiviedom and civil
i'.:;tion to all mankind- Let us ex
press T"enewed and strengthened devo
tion. In gratielul reverence for the
immortal beginning, and utter our
! infidence in the Supreme fulfillment.
Irogress Proves Wisdom.
"The recorded progress of our re
public, materially and spiritually, in
itself proves the wisdom of the inher
ited policy of non-involvement in Old
World affairs. Confident of our ability
to work out our own destiny and jeal
onaly guarding our right to do so, we
week no part in directing the destinies
of the Old World. "We do not mean
to be entangled. We will accept no
(Continued on Page Six)
Paris. President da Cunha of the :
i council of the League of Nations in a
speech at the closing session of the
council today expressed the hope that I
the United States would enter the j
League of Nations.
Mexico City. A clash between
Hirlkers and troops at Ouadalajara in
inch a number of strikers were
wounded was reported "by the gover
nor of .lalisco today. Several thous
and foundry and smelter workers at
Monterey have struck in sympathy
-with the railroaders.
Gallagher Gives Mayor
Overwhelming Defeat
Lawrence T. Gallagher was re
elected Exalted Ruler of the Bridge
port lyodge of Klks at the annual
meeting last evening, defeating his
ompetitor. Mayor Clifford B. Wil
son, by 592 to 343. Dr. J. F. Keeley
overwhelmingly defeated his oppo
nent. Fred Hunt, for Esteemed Tread
ing Knight, the second highest chair
in the line. Edward Daly was un
opposed for Esteemed loyal Knight
Attorney Edward .L.McManus was
elected Esteemed Lecturing Knight.
Edward J. Nevins. secretary; Charles
H. Hinman. treasurer; Charles H.
Miller. Tyler and William P. Kirk,
trustees for three years.
Exalted Ruler Gallagher was chos
en as delegate to the Grand Lodge
Reunion to be held in Los Angeles in
The contest between Mayor Wilson
unci Mr. Gallagher for the chief office
in Elkdom has attracted attention
throughout ciVy and state. Friends
X Df the rivals turned out in force, and
from the time the polls opened at 5
o'clock until they closed at 9, a con
li e
Entered .is second class matter
'at Bridgeport, Conn., under
High Lights
In Harding's
First Speech
Tlie recorded progress of our
republic . . . proves the wisdom
of the inherited policy of non
involvement in Old World affairs.
We seek no part in directing the
destinies of the Old World.
Our ears will never be deaf to
the call of civilization.
America. ... can bo a party to
no permanent military alliance.
We are ready to associate our
selves with the nations of the
world ... to relievo the crash
ing hardens of military and naval
Our supreme task is the re
sumption of our onward normal
There Is something Inherently
wrong: . . . when one portion of
our citizenship turns its activities
to private gain amid defensive
war wliilc another is fighting,
sacrificing or dying for national
preserva tion .
We can strike at war taxation,
and we must.
Our most dangerous tendency
Is to expect too mhch of govern
ment and at the same time do
for it too little.
Wo need a rigid and yet sane
economy combined with fiscal
We must seek readjustment
with care and courage, trar peo
ple must give and take. Prices
mast reflect the receding fever of
oar war activities.
The call is for productive
America to go on.
I speak for . . . lightened tax
burdens .... for an end to the
government's experiment in busi
ness ....
My most reverent prayer for
America is for industrial peace.
If revolution insists on over
turning established order, let
other peoples make the tragic
experiment. There is no place
lor it in America.
.... We cannot, while throw
ing our markets open to the
world, maintain American stand
ards of living.
We ought to find a way to
guard against the perils and pen
alties of unemployment. Wo want
an America of homos.
Washington. Hanging like a palT
over the jollity and merry-making of
the inaugural visitors- today was the
dearth of Champ Clark the great
Democratic leader, who almost was
president. In Congress Hall Hotel,
under the shadow of his beloved eap
itol w here he labored for more than
a quarter of a century and within a
stone's throw of where today's cer
emonies took place, the great Mis
sourian's body lav in state, mourned
by 'thousands.
The cheers and noises with which
the crowd welcomed the new pres
ident drifted down through tnt bud
ding trees in the. capitol grounds and
penetrated faintly into the dim room
where death had claimed a greatt
Rosters and nominating ballots are
being mailed to members of the
Chamber of Commerce today. Twelve
directors are to be nominated, and
six will be elected to serve" three
vears. The retiring directors are.
Walter B. Lashar, E. J. Kingsbury, E.
F. Von Wettberg. A. E. Lavery, Sam
uel M. Hawley and George E. Craw
ford. stant stream filed by the ballot box.
In spite of the intense feeling which
the contest aroused surprisingly little
bitterness was manifested.
The re-election of Mr. Gallagher is
due to the belief that it would be a
mistake to "swap horses" at this time,
as under his administration work has
been started on improvements to the
club house with an approximate out
lay of SI 50.000. which when com
pleted will give to local Elks one of
the finest club homes in the country.
Mr. Gallagher is the first Exalted
Ruler of Bridgeport Lodge, to succeed
himself since Joseph C. Ivors was re
elected after a bitter contest eleven
years ago. Mr. Ivers, like Mr. Gal
lagher, was the head of a building
movement, and the lodge decided tf
retain his services until the project
was completed. Under Exalted Ruler
Gallagher the lodge has shown the
greatest increase in membership and
in finances in its history. He will
be installed with appropriate cere
monies at the first regular meeting in
at the post office
the act of 1879
Wilson Can Give
Startling Facts s
On Peace Confab
Leaves White House, Crippled and Half Blind,
But Mind Intact, In Possession of
Secrets That May Some Day
Rock the World.
(By Associated Press.)
Washington. Woodrow Wilson leaves the White House
today to seek health and rest in a life of practical retirement
for a few months, and then pursue his work for world peace.
Although it has been disclaimed for him that he would cut
himself off from public.aen and affairs, it is known that for
several months at least he will do little but take recreation. At
his new homo recently acquired here be will walk in the spa
cious garden, and sit in the sunshine. He will motor over the
rolling Virginia hills where he used to play golf, and occasion
ally visit the theatre.
Mr. Wilson's announcement that he would take up the
law again cam as a surprise to all Washington. Frail in
health, with his body racked by 18 months of illness it has been
supposed by Mr. Wilson's closest friends that he planned noth
ing but rest. But Rear Admiral Grayson, his personal physi
cian, says he is able to take up legal work and could even pos
sibly appear before the supreme court of the United States, to
which the retiring president soon will make applicaion for ad
mission to practice.
The second democratic President since Andrew Jackson to
fill two successive terms, Mr. Wilson's eight years in the White
House carried him through the range of human emotions. He
was almost blindly idolized and cordially hated. Profound
peace, the most terrible of wars, death of a wife and helpmate,
courtship and marriage, and finally lingering illness all came
in turn to brighten or darken his days. Eight years of it
whitened his hair, racked his frame and impaired his physical
vigor, but did not rust his mind.
Characterized by his friends as a much wounded veteran of the World
War as if he had been shot In batUe, he goes back to private life today re
garded by his partisans as & living sacrifice to his Ideals.
Woodrow Wilson was not a well man when he tool up the presidency.
He was decidedly a sick man. He was threatened with B right's disease,
which physicians diagnosed as having been brought about by a particular
treatment for frequent head colds to which he and the first Mrs. -Wilson were
subject. The wife died soon after, but his case yielded to care
Some years before that, Mr. Wilson had suffered a thrombosis. In one
of his legs. It was the lodging of a blood clot in an artery, but because of its
location not serious. It was, however, a complaint of the same nature which
caused his breakdown in 1919, when the clot formed on the right side of his
brain Impairing the control of his left arm and leg.
Uttle known also, is the fact that Mr. Wilson, like Mr. Roosevelt was
practically sightless in one of his eyes. Bursting blood vessels in the retina
practically made it useless, although the impairment was in part overcome
by the use of eye glasses. He suffered also from nervous indigestion. With
(Continued on Page Seven.)
Germans Plan
New Taxes To
Meet Demands
London. "The result of the German cabinet's deliberations
on the indemnity situation is hopeful," it was announced by the
German delegation today. The government at Berlin is back
ing up Dr. Walter Simons.
'The ministry is already consider-.;. ;
ing new forms ot taxation, ana it is
moat likely that we shall be author
ized to present a new indemnity of
fer to the Allies on Monday."
.Premier Lloyd George in deliver,
ing the Allied ultimatum charged
that the Germans were being insuf
ficiently taxed.
Berlin The German cabinet met
this morning to draw up fresh in
structions for the indemnity delega
tion at London, based Upon the an
swer which was returned yesterday
to the Germans' counter-proposals.
It was stated that Dr. Walter Simons,
the foreign minister, will not be sup
planted as head of the German dele
gation. Dr. Simons is expected to re
ply in detail to Premier Lloyd
George's charges.
There was every prospect today
that the German cabinet will weather
the indemnity crisis. Political part
ies are rallying to the support of the
Today's profile and identification j
will be found os. Page &.
tp&Xl ittte
Jiril VllVL 1111
$100,000 FIRE
Holyoke, Mass. A general alarm
was sounded here today when fire
was discovered in the plant of the
Judge Paper Company. The flames
ate rapidly into the large stock of
stationery," pads and other paper sup
plies which the firm manufactures.
The damage was $100,000 in a little
more than an hour after the fire was
discovered. Nearby buildings were
A mass nfeeting will be held to
morrow at Gifford Chapel, New Ha
ven hospital which, if is urged every
nurse in the state not actively occu
pied with a case, attend. The meet
ing is verv important inasmuch as
definite action will be taken protest
ing a bill now before the legislature
a,t Hartford that would put the nurses
under- a state commission, which
would also mean that a commission
would have to bo paid the state.
Mr. Wilson The Most
Successful Man in the
World Bridgeport Times
First Page Editorial
Events are interlocking. There
is no absolutely independent thing.
Everything that will be is taking
its shape from things that are. Yet
it is a law of the mind that it must
take Inventory from some fixed
point. It is not possible to see
the whole fabric of life.
The change of administration
which takes place today in Wash
ington marks one of these places
at which men will stop to count
up. President Wilson leaves of
fice, an actor in the greatest drama
of which men have any record.
He is succeeded by Mr. Harding,
whose future is a book, which to
be sure is largely written, but . the
writing is in an invisible Ink.
Of ordinary mortals enough Is
known when it is said that they
were born, that they lived, mar
ried and died, but when a man at
tains a position of power or a place
of great distinction another ques
tion is asked about him.
Will he be immortal?
This is the question that most
thoughtful men and women are
asking about President Wilson.
They know what his work has
been. They know wh-atimmedl-ate
consequences will flow from
what he did. They do not know
what place he will have in history,
and they wish to know.
The most comprehensive inquiry
about Wilson's place in the world
has been made by General Jan
Christian Smuts. Smuts was asso
ciated with Mr. Wilson in the work
of the Peace Conference. He was
interested with him in the for
mulation of the Covenant of the
League of Nations. By training,
experience and character Smuts is
as well equipped to estimate Wil
son's position as any living man.
Smuts says: "It is a great saying,
of Mommsen I believe, m reference
to the close of Hannibal's career m
failure and eclipse, 'On those whom
the gods love they lavish infinite
joys and infinite sorrows.' "
Then he says of Wilson: - "He
failed, misunderstood and rejected
by his own people, and his great
career closes apparently in signal
and tragic defeat."
Here It seems that the distin
guished general falls into an error
which is quite a common qne. If
a man is to be assessed in terms of
ordinary mortality then it may be
not unreasonable to say of the sor
rows which beset him. of his ill
ness, of his death, and of his defeat
for office, oe of his loss of some
lofty place, that "his career closes
apparently in signal and tragic de
feat." But the. position is not well
taken even here, because all men
are born and all men become sick
and all men die, and no man knows
certainly whether death is a tragic
failure or a wonderful birth into a
loftier and better life.
That which can properly be call
ed success consists of what a man
does that is useful and good be
tween the time when he is born
and the time when he dies.
Mr. Wilson drank deeply of the
cup of life. He was called early to
important responsibilities. He
finally participated as usefully as
he know how in the greatest hap
penings in the written, history of
men. It cannot be that tragedy
ha-s overtaken him, or failure, or
defeat merely because in his de
clining years he shares that lot
which no man escapes or ever es
caped. It is not sound logic to say
of a man who has been successful,
who has wrought greatly and dealt
largely, that he is a failure, or that
he is defeated, because he cannot
hold office forever.
Why should men desire immor
tality? The word is now used not
in the sense of immortality here
after, but in the sense of memory
kept green. This passion is strong
in the human heart, at least of
those who have superior intelli
gence, and so the question of Mr.
Wilson's success in part might be
left for the determination of other
times. If he has gained a place in
the pages of history, if millions
will hereafter praise his name and
his achievements and .call him
blessed, he is successful, a thousand-fold
successful as men count
achievement with the limited com
prehension which God has given to
At least they must do things which
will be considered good and useful
by some considerable group of hu
man beings.
General Smuts says that Mr. Wil
son's ambition was to end war, that
Mr. Wilson sought to realize that
ambition through the Covenant of
the Tyeague. which is a contract to
end war. Looking out from one of
the watchtowers of the world. Gen
eral Smuts says that, the Covenant
of the League is in being, that it
functions, that it is a success, that
the world will flock to the shelter it
affords, that it will exist and that
men will bless it long aftier the
terms of the treaty of peace are ac
complished or forgotten.
Mr. Wilson has not suffered a
tragic defeat. He is the most suc
cessful man of his time.
- ' " '
He is the beginning df an en
(By Associated Press.)
Washington. Pressing his lips to an historic Bible used
at the inauguration of George Washington, Warren G. Harding,
29th President of the United States, took the oath administered
by Chief Justice White. He had chosen the eighth verse from
the sixth chapter of Micah, saying:
"What doth the Lord require of thee but to do justly and
to love mercy and to walk humbly with thy God?"
President Wilson, yielding to the last minute entreaties of
his family and physician, took no part in the inaugural cere
monies other than to accompany the incoming President from
the White House to the capitol, where he signed some bills and
then went with Mrs. Wilson to the new home which will be
theirs in the residential section of the city.
Immediately after the administra-..-
Uon of the oath Mr. Harding turned
to the vast crowd which stretched
across the capitol plaza and began
the delivery of his inaugural ad
dress. Sound amplifiers carried his voice
to the outskirts of the big assembly.
A chill wind feebly warmed by a
bright sun which the broad space
which appeared strangely in contrast
of other years when it has been il
luminated toy the uniforms of West
Point cadets, midshipmen from An
napolis and troops.
Pledging his oath anew to Ameri
can institutions. President Harding
reiterated a plea for a return to "nor
malcy" for industrial peace, for
friendship with the world, and spoke
again a promise to work for an as
sociation of nations to bring about
peace and "approximate" disarma
ment. But he coupled his renewed
declarations with a fresh .pronounce
ment against "entangling alliances."
"America,'' he said. "can
enter Into no political commitments,
nor assume any economic obligations
which. will subject our decisions to
anv other than our own authority."
"I am sura our people will not mis
understand nor will the world mis
construe." said the new President.
"We have no thought to impede the
paths to closer relationship. We
wish to promote understanding. "We
want to do our part to make offen
sive warfare so hateful that govern
ments and people who resort to it
must prove the righteousness of their
cause or stand as outlaws before the
bar of civilization-' '
Then speaking of his determination
to enter no "entangling alliances" Mr.
Harding declared::
"This is not selfishness; it Is sanc
tity. It is not aloofness; It is secur
ity. It is not suspicion of others; it
is patriotic adherence to the things
which made us what we are." 1
Immediately at the conclusion of
the inaugural address the small party
reformed and took motor cars back
to the White House .escorted by the
cavalry troops which had brought it
to the capitoL
Yielding to last minute entreaties
of his family and physician. President
Wilson took no part in the Inaugural
ceremonies today other than to ac
company President-elect Harding
from the White House to the capitol.
He witnessed neither the ceremon
ies in the Senate chamber which at
tended the inauguration of Vice
President Coolidge nor the ceremonies
on the plaza outside the capitol where
the incoming President took the oath.
Immediately after signing some
bills in the President's roomMr. Wil
son returned to his motor car and
drove back to his new home on S
Mr. Wilson had been warned that
he would take part in the ceremonies
at the capitol at the risk of losing all
the gains he has made toward health
if not indeed his life.
The Senate galleries and floor were
packed before the hour of adjourn
ment came. The diplomatic gallery
was filied.
Charges Evans Hughes took a seat
on the Senate floor early. He was
soon joined by Herbert Hoover.
Mrs. Harding took a seat in th?
mem-biers' gallery. She sat in the
front row, attired in black and wear
ing a large bloe hat trimmed with
Lorgnettes were levelled at her
from all over the galleries.
There were two women on the floor
of the Senate 'Mrs. Thomas Q. Schall,
wife of the blind Congressman from
Minnesota, and Miss Alice Robertson,
the new Congresswoman from Okla
homa. The Inaugural program got under
way according to schedule promptly
at 10 o'clock, when the congressional
committee in charge arrived at the
New Willard hotel to escort the
presidenft-elect and Mrs. Harding and
the vice-president-elect and Mrs.
Coolidge to the White House,
Despite ihe abandonment of the
inaugural procession and other cere
monies, there were many marching
clubs, booster clubs and "original"
Harding organizations on hand.
Pennsylvania avenue, as usual, was
decorated for a state occasion. The
broad thoroughfare had been wired
off during the night and early today
police were engaged in clearing out
the few intruders who had gotten by
the lines.
Early callers at the Harding suite
included friends from Marion, and
members of the Republican National
committee. The president-elect wore
the conventional black cutaway coat.
Mrs. Harding was attired in a one
piece dress of navy blue canton crepe
enbroidered with steel beads. The
dress was of a straight-line coat ef
fect. President-elect Harding, with Mrs.
Harding and the vice-president-elect
and Mrs. Coolidge left their hotel for
the White House at 10:20 a. m.
They were accompanied by mem
bers of the congressional inaugural
committee and riding in columns on
Wither side of the automobiles were
four troops of cavalry from Fort
Myer with drawn sabres.
.fter breakfast Mr. Harding shaved
himself and dressed leisurely. His
first visitors of the day were two po
lice captains from New York who
came to Washington in an airplane
to present a personal message from
Mayor Hylan.
The vice-president and Mrs. Coo
lidge also arose early and had break
fast in their suite at the New Willard
with Mr. Coolidge's father, Colonel
John Calvin Coolidge, their two sons,
John and Calvin, Jr., and several per
sonal irienas. '
Asked how he felt on the mom-ug
of his inauguration day the vice-president-elect
said he did not feel
half as important today as he did on
the occasion of his graduation from
liigh school.
President Wilson arose at 8 o'clock
and after breakfast with Mrs. Wilson
he went to his study. White House
officials said the president was a little
fagged as the result of working late
last night on bills and other official
Accompanying the president-elect in
the White House automobile was Sen
ator Knox, chaircan of the Inaugural
committee and Representative Can
non. Next came an automobile
bearing Vice-President-elect Coolidge,
Vice-President Marshall and cither
members of the inaugural committee.
In a third automobile were Mrs.
Harding and other members of the
congressional committee. In anoth
er machine rode Mrs. Coolidge and
Mrs. Marshall.
The party reached the White House
in less than five minutes.
When the automobiles reached the
main entrance to the White House
the President-elect a.nd other mem
bers of his party with the congres
sional committee entered the White
House. After a stay of half an hour,
the party came out. President Wil
son and the president-elect walking
The President walked slowly from
the front door to the step where the
White House automobile waited. He
leaned on his cane but was otherwise
unassisted until he reached the steps.
He was helped down the steps and in
to the car bv attendants who Tilcft
)his feet on each succeeding step as
une aesoent was made.
The President-elect waited until
Mr. Wilson had been assisted into the
car and had taken his seat. Then he
and Senator Knox and Representa
tive Cannon entered the car.
The machine used by the presiden
tial party was an open touring car,.
Behind i't was a landaulet which Mrdt
Wilson and Mrs. Harding entered. Be
hind the car occupied by Mrs. Wilson
and Mrs. Harding was one with.
Vice-President Marshall and Vice.
President-elect Coolidge with mem,
bers of !rhe congressional committer
.and next was the car carrying Mrs.
.Marshall and Mrs. Coolidge.
The machines speeded up after
reaching Pennsylvania avenue and
arrived at the capitol at 11:15 a. m.,
lo minutes after the departure from
the White House.
Mr. Wilson did no wait at the
White House for the army, sundry
civil and immigration bills. They
were taken to the capitol by White
House attaches and delivered to the
president there.
President-elect Harding got out o
the automobile at the regular Senate
entrance and entered the Senate wing
of the capitol. The automobile then
moved on to a little used door be
tween the Senate wing and the main
building for the capitol where Mr.
Wilson was assisted out of the car.
He paused outside of the door and
changed his glasses. The revolving
door was opened and using his cane
he walked into the building unassist
ed but very slowly. He was accom- ;
panied only by Secret Service men
and passed a rolling chair that had
been provided for him but which he
did not use.
Calvin Coolidge took office as Vice
President - today and Thomas Riley
Marshall relinquished that office, both
voicing the hope that their nation
may follow the precepts of its found
ers. Coolidge, tall, austere and some
what shy New Englander stood on
the rostrum of the Senate and took -the
oath of office and expressed the
hope that the "vision of past genera
tions may be more and more the
reality of generations yet to come."
Marshall, frail, grayed, and with a"
tinge of regret in his voice, had a few
minutes before delivered his vale
dictory "I may Have failed, but I have tried
to keep faith," Mr. Marshall said in

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