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STATE CARPENTERS PLEDGE
MACHINISTS ASK GOVERNMENT ? TO PROBE CONDITIONS HERE 7 - IXMT ALTY SXTOTHIS " NATION Pass' Resolution at Convention Held In New Haven This Week and Consider War' Time Con ditions ACFecting Theif Caft. Officers JRe-Ellected.-A Great Banquet. .! 4: Carpenters and Joiners from all over Connecticut; assembled vat the twenty-second annual: convention . of the State Council or i the ?Unted Brotherhood of Carpenter and Join ers of America at New Haven,, Mon day and Tuesday, of this week.. The convention was held in Moose hall on Temple street, and was called to order by George F: Mordecai of Local Now79, New Jlaven, and president of the Connecticut Federation of Labor. Awarm welcome to' the city was extended by Mayor David E.FitzGer ald, who spoke most eloquently Of the part being played by the carpeiv ters in the great world crisis and his address was responded to ably, by William J. Sullivan of New. Haven, president of the State Council. Following the report jof the creden tial committee the following- commit tees of the convention .were an nounced: r T ., Auditing committee: Frank Lock wood, Local 210; John; Sweeny, 137; Joseph Goodhue, 196. - Resolution Committee : George ParsOns, Local 43 ; Harry Stanley, 920; John W. Greeno, 952. ..v, . Constitution Committee : ; Martin L Kane, Local 115; Q. F. McGrath, 97; H. W. Garnsey, 127. Rule Committee: T. J. Noonan, Local 611; Joseph Bennett, "216; John K Sullivan, 1580. Committee on Officers Report: George F. Mordecai, Local 79; A. Q. Thayer, 1005; E. Peterson, 1013. Distribution Committee: R. Q. Quinn, Local 1520; F L. Clark, 756; David Chambers, 757. - President Sullivan Report President Sullivan presented an ex tended and very interesting report in the course of which he reviewed the building conditions in the state which, up to within a short time, he said, had been excellent, the demand for men exceeding the supply in many locali ties. This was caused by many of the members leaving the state and going into others in their .untiring efforts to assist- when called upon by the general officers in behalf of the gov ernment. "With the prospects of building conditions returning to their original standing," President Sullivan contin ued, "and with this period of transi tion confronting our craft as well as all other wage earners, too much stress cannot be made along the lines of keeping our local unions intact and also reinforced, at all times en deavoring to enroll within our ranks all those capable, working at the woodworking industry, for we, as part of this great labor movement, realize that it is only through organ ization and our united action that we can protect ourselves, and secure bet ter conditions, and particularly at this time we must guard and protect the splendid achievements that have been accomplished, in the reduction of the hours of labor and the high standard of wages that have been ob tained, for amongst some of the first suggestions for preparedness were proposals to tear down all the pro tective measures secured by labor after years of struggle, but with the interposed protest of organized labor, has had a long, hard, bitter struggle for better conditions. Mutt Build Up Organization. The speaker continued to bear strongly upon the necessity for con tinuing to build up the organization which had been the protection of the craft during these times of strees. He then proceeded to review what few disagreements had occurred during the year between members of the organization and their employers which reached the importance of a strike in only one instance, that in which the members of Local No. 1707, the mill men of Hartford, failed to reach an understanding with their employers. Label on Cigar Boxes. "Regarding your instructions at our last convention," the speaker contin ued, "relative to your executive board exerting all possible means toward having the cigar manufacturers use nothing but boxes bearing the label of our organization, the matter has received the attention of the board, and several conferences were held between your president and the man ufacturer of the boxes and at later dates conferences were held between this manufacturer and the cigarmak ers of Hartford with Organizer Potts, which resulted in very bright pros pects; but the condition of the rail roads, with its embargoes in vogue, 'has necessitated the enforcement of the action to be given by the cigar makers in bur behalf to be held in abeyance until such conditions change, so that the manufacturers will not be handicapped in securing boxes elsewhere." President Sullivan reported the ad dition of one union to the state body during the year, Local No. 126 of mill men of Torrington. Give Employers .Square Deal. Special stress was laid upon the ne cessity fpr locals in selecting commit tees to choose only men. of good judgment who might be counted on to be fair and conservative. Many dis agreeable controversies, he said, had resulted from jumping to conclusions when sober consideration, of the matter in hand would have prevented the occurrence. BRIDGEPORT TO tBE SCENOFIBIG I? MR SQUABBLE Demand . Of Machinists Taken Up f By Employers To Wiur v'v x'BoardsV OUTCOME DOUBTFUL Wages Offered to Outside Men Stir Those Already Employed :!; - To - Protest.'-' - ; ' Bridgeport, Feb. 15. Just where the ordinary worker, meaning the skilled worker vini this city, gets, off, just bbut riow-is'.the sole thing puzzling Organized-,' Labor . men. The recent demand of'' the . "Machinists' Union, which - demand -was based on- offers f made by the employers for new men, has started another controversy here, which, from the manufacturers' view point, is going to be serious. From the workers' end there is nothing to it but a 'get-together with the em ployers and have everything settled at once. A we"ek or so . ago the machinists put tip" a scale of B5 cents per hour as a minimum rate, with $1 anhour-the rate to be established on the first day of4 May. 1 The 85. cent minimum was to .start at the Remington -factory on February 15, today. It didn't start, won't, start, arid probably never will sart 'i ohless ' the Machinists unions here stand by their demands. The demand was made solely be cause! of information based on adver tisements published in Boston and other paper, rates higher than paid in Bridgeport were offered out-of-town men. Men who have worked here for the two or three years could not see and can't see yet, why they should not get as much as is offered others. Therefore, they got busy. Following the move by the workers, some of the different war committees were called in and took up the case. Meetings have been held, , but both sides are now "up-in-the-air" as to the outcome .nd the whole thing will have to be left to arbitration, pro ably. The manufacturers in this city are now preparing to fight the demands. They have put their side up to the War Bureau and expect to have its support. They have also enlisted the State Council of Defense, put the sit uation up to the Fuel Administrator, and, in fact, did everything possible to protect theitr end. The outcome is, therefore, in doubt. "Our employers," he added, "should be treated with every show of respect and confidence. Thoroughly investi gate the conditions surrounding us as to whether the same swill warran se curing the conditions which we are seeking, for it must be remembered there are three parties to consider, namely, our employers, jthe public at large and the organizations." Legislative Matters. In closing President Sullivan re viewed the general labor legislation of the last General Assembly and said that in spite of the comparatively little accomplished discouragement should not be entertained but that, instead, a strong, concerted effort should be made to secure greater re sults at the next session. Wage Gains. The report of the secretary, George Chandler of Greenwich, contained a most interesting table of wage ad vances throughout the state between February, 1917, and July 1. They are as follows : Branford, 70c; Bridgeport, 55c; Bristol, 50c ; Danielson, 60c ; Derby, 75c ; Fairfield, 65c ; Greenwich, 30c ; Hartford, $1.00; Meriden, 40c ; Middle town, 50c; Milford, 40c; Naugatuck, 40c; New Britain, 80c; New London, 66c; New Milford, 50c; Norwich, 16c; Putnam, 60c ; Ridgefield, 66c ; Rock ville, 40c; South Manchester, 40c; Stamford, 30c; Thompsonville, 35c; Willimantic, 55c. The mill question has improved somewhat, but there remains quite a lot of work to bring it up to where it should be. Fraternal Delegates Report. George A. Parsons, Local 43, Hart ford ; fraternal delegate to the New York State Council convention last year; H. C. Stanley, Local 920, Meri den, fraternal delegate to Massachu setts State Council convention, and C. H. Cannon, fraternal delegate to the convention of the New Jersey State Council, also made highly interesting reports. Treasurer's Report. Treasurer O. W. Jones of Hartford submitted a very complete and satis factory report, showing a substantial balance in the treasury. Government Work Card. The necessity for members taking out a- clearance card, when entering government employ was brought up for discussion at the Monday session and, upon recommendation of Thomas Guerin of Boston, a member of the general executive council, it was de cided that the state council should communicate with the general offi cers for a ruling and send a copy of same to all locals when received. (Continued on Page 8) LACK OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN CAPITAL AND LABOR THE CAUSE OF UNREST CAUSES AND REMEDIES FOR ! IT ARE COVERED IN REPORT OF PRESIDENT'S MEDIATORS American Workers In No Sense With Management of Industry In Places Where Oppressive .. and Unhealthy Relationship (Special to Connecticut Labor Pressl - - . . 4 - ' " S" C s wasnineton, feD. 10. Measures ior the elimination of causes provoking unrest in industry are recommended in detail in the report of the Presi dent's Mediation Commission, just made public. The labor unrest discovered in the west is considered by the government to be most menacing to the success ful prosecution of the war. The report adds, however, that "the overwhelming mass of the laboring population is in no sense disloyal." Labor unrest is due, the report de clares, to first, the absence of a heal thy relationship between capital and labor and, secondly, to "unsound in dustrial structures." Wilson Heads Commission. William B. Wilson, Secretary of Labor, is chairman of the commis sion. The other members are: Ernest P. Marsh, John H. Walker, president of the Illinois State Federation of Labor ; Verner Z. Reed ; Jackson L. Spangler; Felix Franfurter, secretary and counsel, and Max Lowenthal, as sistant secretary. The commission went west primarily to look into the copper strikes in the Arizona district and the I. W. W. movement ;n the northwestern lumber region. Other disputes covered were in the Califor nia oil fields, the theatened strikes of the Pacific coast telephone operators, of the packing-house workers in the middle west and the street railway trouble in Minneapolis and St. Paul. To correct the conditions found to exist, the committee recommends the following : 1. The elimination to the utmost practical extent of all profiteering during the period of the war is a pre requisite to the best morale in in dustry. 2. Modern, large scale industry has effectually destroyed the personal re lation between employer and em ployee the knowledge and coopera tion that comes from personal con tact. It is, therefore, no longer pos sible to conduct industry with em ployees as individuals. Some form of collective relationship between man agement and men is indispensable. The recognition of this principle by the government should form an ac cepted part of the labor policy of the nation. 3. Law, in business as elsewhere, depends for its vitality upon steady enforcement. Instead of waiting for adjustment after grievances come to the surface, there is needed the es tablishment of continuous adminis trative machinery for the disposition of industrial issues and the avoidance of an atmosphere of contention and the waste of disturbances. 4. The eight-hour day is aivjgg&ab lished policy of the country ; experi ence has proved justification of the principle also in war times. Provision must, of course, be made for longer hours in case of emergencies. Labor will readily meet this requirement if its misuse is guarded against by ap propriate overtime payments. 5. Unified direction of the labor administration of the United States for the period of the war should be established. At present there is an unrelated number of separate com mittees, boards, agencies and depart ments having fragmentary and con flicting jurisdiction " over the labor problems raised by the war. A single headed administration is needed, with full power to determine and establish I Disloyal, But Are Not Satisfied With Employers Prevails. I t&jLcessarad -rc iui c . 6. When assured of sound labor conditions and effective means for the just redress of grievances that may arise, labor in its turn should surrender all practices which tend to restrict maximum efficiency. 7. Uncorrected evils are the great est provocative of extremist propa ganda, and their correction in itself would be the best counter propa ganda. But there is need for more affirmative education. There has been too little publicity of an educative sort in regard to labor's relations to the war. The purposes of the gov ernment and the methods by which it is pursuing them should be brought home to the fuller understanding of labor. Labor has most at stake in this war, and it will eagerly devote its all, if only it be treated with confi dence and understanding, subject nei their to indulgence nor neglect, but dealt with as a part of the citizenship ofthe State. Many Evils Discovered.. Among the evils to which the com mission attributes many labor dis putes in certain localities are the labor turnover, the commingling of two and even three dozen nationali ties, non-resident ownership of mines and huge corporations and the solid arity of interest among employers as against the division of interest among workingmen. The commission declares the trade union movement to be the most promising unifying spirit among the workcs. It was discovered, however, that employers take advantage of racial diversities and other internal difficulties to foment a "spirit of an tagonism between labor groups, t In Arizona the commission found that the strikes early last-year re sulted in a loss of one hundred thou sand pounds of copper mined. Here the commission discovered underly ing local labor conditions which "were devoid of safeguards against strikes, and, in fact, provocative of them." In this connection the commission declares the attitude of employers and their representatives to be unsci entific and unfair. The report adds "it has hardly begun to be realized that labor questions call for the same systematic attention and understand ing and skill as do engineering prob lems." - , . In one camp the commission found 32 nationaWties-represented. Another had 26. Nothing was done to assimi late the non-rEnglish speaking ele ments or to Americanize alien labor ers. The report intimates ; that' em ployers found this condition" to their advantage. . "Speaking of the war the commis sion said: . , Opinion of Men Uncertain. "The uncritical opinion of the men that all wars are capitalistic, and therefore that ours must be such, was encouraged by the heavy prbfita. of the-copper companies resulting from the European war before pur en trance into it. The limitation of profiteering through price fixing and taxation had been only too recently accomplished to have made itself felt either in its actual operation or in the -understanding of the workmen.' Searches for Causes. The commission records at length its search for the "real cause" of the labor unrest and comes to these con clusions : "The effective conduct of the war suffers needlessly, because of inter ruption of work, due to actual or threatened strikes purposed decrease in efficiency through the strike on the job, decrease in efficiency due to labor unrest and dislocation of the labor supply. "These are not new conditions in American .industry, nor are their causes new.: - The conditions and their long uncorrected. War has only served to intensify the old derange ments by making greater demands upon industry and by affording the occasion for new disturbing factors. "Among the causes of unrest, famil iar to students of industry, the fol lowing stand out with special signifi cance to the industrial needs of war: "Broadly speaking, American indus try lacks a healthy basis of relation ship between management and men. At bottom, this is due to the insist ence by employers upon individual dealings with their men. Direct deal ings with employers' organizaions is still the minority rule in the United States. In the majority of instances there is no joint dealing, and in too many instances employers are in active opposition to labor organiza tions. This failure to equalize the parties in adjustments of inevitable industrial contests is the central cause of our difficulties. "There is a commendable spirit throughout the country to correct specific evils. The leaders in indus try must go further, they must help to correct the state of mind on the part of labor ; they must aim for the realese of normal feelings by ena bling labor to take its place as a co operator in the industrial enterprise. In a word, a conscious attempt must be made to generate a new spirit in industry. "There is a widespread lack of knowledge on the part of capital as to labor's feelings and needs, and on the part of labor as to problems of management. This is due primarily to a lack of collective negotiation as the normal process of industry. In addition, there is but little realiza tion on the part of industry that the so-called labor problem demands not only occasional attention but contin uous and systematic responsibility, as much so as the technical or financial aspects of industry." BARBERS KNIT FOR SOLDIERS Proposal by Past President to Drop Shears for Needle Swamps New Britain Meeting. New Britain, Feb. 15. Between the snips of the shears and the scrape of the razor, every good union barber in this city will instead of stropping or honing the razor of the leader of the senate or some other devote his time to knitting sweaters and the like for soldiers. To make it uniform the local union of the Barbers, at a meeting Wednesday night, took up a proposi" tion proposed by Henry Briere and adopted it. Result : All the barbers will be knitting next week and close shaves will have to wait until the artist picks up the stitch he was in terrupted in. Mr. Briere, who proposed the stunt, is a past president of the local union and -made the suggestion as a patriotic move. He didn't even hope for. the support he got. Everybody present believed he could - wield a pair of knitting needles as well as a razor or shears and the first Mr. Briere and the rest of them knew the motion had been adopted and now -the bar bers are to be knitters also. EFFORT TO MAKE WAGES MEET COST OF UVING Large Industrial Concerns Begin . - hing To Recognize Obliga tions To Workers SCHEMES IN EFFECT Bonus Plan, on a Fluctuating Scale, Adopted by Some Detroit Estab lishment Furnishes Groceries . V : at Cost. Tn theia days of Industrial abnormal ity and xuir est. employers ax perhaps most deeply concerned with tb prob lem of how to keep workers In their employ. Most appropriate Is the doc trine expressed by a writer tn ths Sur rey, who pertinently says: TC ths waf earner Is to be kept oa the Job, means' must be taken' to make the job worth while." He finds that weces are vastly Important In this reckoning. For example, wares of United States Steel corporation workers hare been repeatedly increased the last two years 60 per cent, indeed, la 21 months. Bat, checking af ainst that the Increas ed cost of food at wholesale, oae finds an advance of 123 per cent. So certain industrial and commercial concerns hare sought means of advanc ing wages automatically to correspond with increases in the cost of lirlax. Oae of these Is cited which adopted a bonus plan whereby each employee rated at less then $2,000 a year receives in addition to his regular pay a "hlca cost of llTlng envelope." the contents of which fluctuate with chanfes in prices. Thus in January, 191?, these envelopes contained an additional 10 per cent based on regular wife and in December last the bonus was S2.75 p cent. Others have established sim ilar methods. ... . ., -. it larce concern in Detroit f ouad la 1S38 that ttwaa harts- difficulty In keeping Its men: FoUowlnf an Inres Utation, waxes were elevated to meet the company's estimate of the mini mom cost of living- for a family ef standard size. Thereupon prices in the stores thereabouts were elevated to absorb all this increase. That situ ation was met by the company's start ing a grocery store of its own and sell ing to employees at cost. Ia this fash ion it is possible to make a check at all times on the cost ef living. The rn"inrn ltring wage was found last summer to be $1,200 per anama. In a Syracuse plant, which has like wise taken means for determining what It cost workers and their families to live and has adjusted wagas to meet thia cost, revision of wages is made every three months. Keans of girtag added purchasing aver to the worker's dollar are like wise mentioned. Among them is the somewhat prevalent plan in the middle West of establishing grocery stores ia Industrial plants where employees may obtain food at cost. The Survey writer deems It an en couraging sign when corporations real ise so clearly their obligation "to pay a living wage that tbey are unwilling anV longtr to leave the detenniaattoaj ef the amount to the blind law of sap-; yly and demand.'' The effect of the saovement thus begun will outlive the war, he thinks. Hurley Wants Bto Labor Reserve, Two hundred and fifty thousand of the beat meebasics in the woadd for a labor ressrrs ts the goal toward which Ohalrman Edward N. Hurley of the shipping board is working. "The cam paign for a labor reserve of a quarter of a TfitlHon trained men Is progress splendidly,' Mr. Hurley said. If we an get these men the shipbuilding problem is solved. There Is no ques tion about the loyalty and seal of the Jlreertosa workman. Z believe these are many employers who will ce-opst-att by erteniiung flnindsl aid to th fesrfttea f those saea T&ile they Che sjoremmeat foreea She department of labos U wskiaf In eo-operatioa wtCh the snipping board aud the directors of the state eouaea f national def ease era aiding ta re eruiUng men for the ipteatae ship tnildtn army. v Oempers C-aye Labor live ftot CalrH There should not be a sjta4tasr or a shirker to any labor organise tVa, 6s aUred Samuel Champers, president ef the Amerieaa Federation of Laboa, la an address at the convention of the national labor publicity organisation Which Is affiliated with the federation, tie urged labor to "support the got ernment In every way possible,' Ur. Gompers likened those who seek to bring about Industrial chaos la the labor world to the bolsheriki, nryinj to secure everything and gaining noth ing." The bolshevik!, he asserted, had made the people of Russia "crawl oa their bellies and ask for mercy at tS hand tha Ottman JudsarJ State Council, Following Reports of Scarcity of Male Help, Which Delegates Assert Are Unfounded, Appeals To Wash ington To Set Things Right Many Meetings Planned By State Organizations. An appeal to the government to send inspectors to Connecticut to in vestigate working conditions in the factories, especially as to the employ ment of men, was made in a telegram sent by District Council, No. 22, at its meeting in New Haven this week. The action was taken following the appeal of the employers for women help, and for which the machinists, as well as some other affiliated organ izations, declare there is no need. The discussion at the district coun cil meeting was short but pointed. Reports from all over Connecticut were made and nowhere was it shown that there was any dearth of male labor. Bridgeport was taken as an example, where hundreds of com petent machinists are out of work. New Haven was next and it was re ported that the supply of capable men here, too, was ample. The rest of the state was gone over and like reports made. The new move by employers in advertising for women help was then taken up and the result was the sending of the telegram to Washing ton asking for a representative to come here and investigate the actual conditions. By vote of the local ma chinists' union Thursday night every member will stand by the finding of the government investigators. All "Getting Together," The machinists have been excep tionlly busy for the last few weeks. On Saturday night at Hartford one of the biggest of the series of the get together meetings in the state was held. Abou 200 were present, not all of them union men, and at the end about 30 new members were enrolled. There is a piece of good news for New Haveners in the machinist line. George Doyle is coming back. He's not coming back as far as New Ha ven but is now so far back as to be within speaking distance, he now being in charge of things in Hartford. Going after things is George's long suit and yeithtthe - start, the Hartford boys nave given nun, and the aid he will get from his friends hereabouts, Hartford will soon be on the Machin ists' map and then some. Big Smoker Planned. ned by the machinists for the next month or two. On March 7 in New Haven, and at a hall to be secured that will be big enough to care for all the crowd, will be held a smoker that will make smokers of the same nature look like pikers. It was in tended at first to hold the smoker in the regular meeting hall on Crown street but almost immediately the fu tility of doing so was apparent to the committee. They will, therefore, ar range for a bigger hall and it will probably be the biggest in the city. What's War Work. Complaints were received that there weer many employers trying to dodge the eight-hour law and were endeav oring to work the members of the craft overtime without paying the time and one-half provided for in the agreement I nevery case the war was used as an excuse. So many of these complaints were received that it was voted to request the govern ment to stipulate just exactly what is or what is not war work, so that the machinists and other workers will know just what they can and are ex pected to do to help out the govern ment. The sense of the meeting en tire was that no no matter what the hours, the organized machinists would do eevrything to aid the gov eriment but they did not intend to be imposed upon b yemployers. Open Meeting at Derby. A big open meeting will be held at Derby on Thursday night at which State Agent E. C. Hotchkiss and others will speak. The session will be held in eCntral Labor Union Hall and will be attended by delegates from up and down the Valley. Or ganization will eb the keywodl and withthe progress already made in the valley towns ,a big local is looked for after the meeting. Another in New Britain. On Saturday in New Britain an other meeting and smoker will be held and all told, the machinists bid fair to make an active campaign this year. URGE COLLECTIVE ACTION. Washington, Feb. 16. It is no longer possible to conduct industry by dealing with employes as individ uals. Some form of collective "rtla tionship between management and men is indispensable. The recogni tion of this -principle by the govern ment should form an accepted part of the labor policy of the nation. The above is included in the recom mendations of the president's media tion commission in a report to Presi dent Wilson. Other recommendations is the eight-hour day and the elimina tioin to the utmost practical extent of all profiteering during the period of the war as a prerequisite to the best morale in industry. The commission makes this refer ence to the I. W. W.: "This uncompromising ' attitude (opposition to trade unions) on the part of the employers has reaped for them an organization of destrictuve rather than constructive radicalism."