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A NEWSPAPER FOR THE PEOPLE
VOL. VI. NO. 6. NEW HAVEN, CONN., SATURDAY, MAY 3, 1919. Price 3 Cents. NORWICH BARBER OPPOSES WOMEN IN THE UNIONS Does Not Think a Barber Shop Is the Place for a Woman to Earn Her Living. DELEGATES FOR BUFFALO New Haven Union to Choose Next .Thursday Bridgeport Barbers Disciplined. The annual convention of the Jour neymen Barbers' International Union of America, will open in Buffalo on the second Tuesday in September. The New Haven Barbers' Union at its meeting , next Thursday night will choose two delegates to this convention. The convention will consider the ad visability of -admitting women barbers to membership in the unions. President C. E. O'Donnell of the Norwich, Barbers' Union writes to the Journeyman Barber as follows : "You ask for views in regard to al lowing ladies to become members' of the Journeyman Barbers' Union. Well, . I for one do not think it would be ad visable to take them in, if no other rea son was offered than the fact that they should not be encouraged to become barbers, as I. don't think it is a trade for, any woman to learn. If the money received for a week's salary were large enough so a woman could take the chances with the public that a man must take, why, . she might get, away with it; but on the whole 1 don't think the bar ber shop is the place for a woman to work. ; Of course local conditions some time may arise where it would be neces sary to have the shop where the ladies were employed in the union, but I think that should be left to the local union to .J a.- i . i u t j . ucuuc as iu wuai suuuiu ue uuuc ; uiy - way, I think this is a big question for the convention to decide. "Brother Tibbils, why pick on me or my little 'burg'? I suppose you must try it out on someone so you picked me and my city. ' I was in your city about 17 years ago and the barbers' wages were" so rotten that they had a hard time (this was before Detroit and Ford became famous) to get barbers to go there to "work. The International spent all kinds of money to make, it a first- class r-union city ' and a city fit for a first-class barber to work in, and if at this late day you have succeeded I am glad to hear it; but why refer to An aconda, Montana, miles away from De troit? Is it possible-that Michigan has no place with as good conditions as the '.little town of Anaconda, Montana ? Well, we are helingto et the pace in our little New. England city and we ,'are very near New. York and must do in this town very near what they do in New York. 1 AAfT ft. , , w ;iivnU wc auuuiu w kji i y w iLtxi. ' someone in Michigan thinks about our conditions. .-' Most of us make at least " $30 and some of us get the $25 guaran tee. It is not what you get, but how high a fence you have before you. Nor wich allows the boss $7 profit on each man if he takes in $27, but if he does not take-in $27, he must get $20; but we have members, that would not work for less than a $25 guarantee and fifty-fifty over $32 taken in. Another thing, the barber business of the East is rjm alto gether different from the way it is in the West. A very poor barber can make at feast $4 per on the side and in a good shop can get as high as $15 per on the side. So don't compare the West with the East in regard to wages. The West gets it one way and the East another, and in the long rUi they average about alike. "Local 337 has elected and installed the following officers for the year 19i9: President C. E. O'Donnell; vice-president, Felix Strauss ; secretary, A. Ed ward Brouder ; recorder, A. H. Ranlo ; treasurer, August Heinell.' Local Union No. 288 of Bridgeport has passed resolutions on the death of Louis Deithler, a member. According to the report of Jacob Fischer, general secretarytreasurer, the Bridgeport Union has annulled retiring card of Oscar Oelson and placed a fine of $100 against him for refusing to walk out when shop card was removed; also placed a fine of $100 against Joseph Brioneti for refusing to walk out when shop card was 'removed; also placed a fine of $150 against John Morales for refusing to come out when shop card was removed ; annulled retiring card hed by O. Caserrant and placed a fine of $100 against him for strike-breaking ; annulled retiring card held by Daniel O'Connor and placed a fine of $200 against him for refusing to abide by the union hours.. SENATE ADOPTS , JITNEOONDING Bill Provides That Insurance Policies Be Taken Out to Make Owners Responsible. The Connecticut Senate on Wednes day passed a bill providing for the bonding of jitneys. Chairman Macdon ald explained the bill, reported by the committee on roads, bridges and sew ers, requiring bonds or insurance poli cies of $5,000 to $10,000 of jitney men to make them responsible for damage done by (their vehicles. The bill also provided la scale of extra assessment: to be made against public service motor vehicles on the basis of seating capacity. The bill would be effective January 1, 1920. Senator Brooks said jitney accidents had been few but "you can't tell when the lightning is going to strike. The jitney users, for vhose welfare Ser.a tor Kopplemann was so solicitous, might complain now against the adop tion of a bonding bill but, if a serious accident occurred involving injuries to passengers they would see the merit in the measure. The day had come to pass jitney legislation, he said, because their business was increasing. Senator Dillon said no opposition de veloped at the public hearing to the bonding of the jitneys. One man as sured the committee that insurance could be obtained for jitney owners. IRON AND STEEL LABOR CONFERENCE Federation of Labor Urges All Unions Directly Interested to Send Representatives. A national conference of all unions of every craft in the iron and steel in dustry will be held in Pittsburgh on May 25. The call for the conference is signed by John Fitzpatrick, acting chairman, and William Z. Foster, secretary-treasurer, of the committee. "The miners, railroad men, building tradesmen, packing house employees, shipyard workers, garment workers, printing tradesmen, and many other classes of workers," says the call, "are strongly organized and are enjoying good conditions. While the mill work ers are trembling in fear of wage re ductions, these united workers are con tinuously marching ahead to better con ditions. It is high time, that the iron and steel workers followed their ex ample by completing their organization. "The national conference on May 25 will be one of the most important gath erings of working men ever held on the American continent. It will mark an epoch in the industrial history of the country. - "President Gbmpers; Secretary Mor rison, the executive council of the American Federation of Labor, the presidents and secretaries of the 24 in ternational unions co-operating in the great drive to organize the steel indus try, and the members of the National Committee for Organizing Iron and Steel Workers, have all been invited to attend- "All local unions, of every trade, regularly affiliated with their respec tive international unions and the A. F. of L., having members employed in iron and steel plants, or having juris diction over men employed in these plants, are urged and invited to send delegates. This includes blacksmiths, boilermakers, brick and clay workers, bricklayers, bridge and structural iron workers, coopers, electrical workers, foundry employees, iron, steel and tin workers, machinists, mine, mill and smelter workers, mine workers, mold ers, pattern makers, plumbers, and steamfitters, quarry workers, stationary firemen, steam and operating engineers, Steam shovel and dredgemen, switchmen and others, working in the iron and steel industry proper." . INDIA RUBBER MAN IS NOWCHAUFFEUR Former Winchester Employee Driving Asphalt Cart Mann - Harris Gives Up Game. One f the colored employees at Winchester's who;was known as the India rubber man ' because of the phe nomenal chest expansion he showed is now chauffeur for one of the asphalt carts in New Haven and has been en gaged this week on Park street where a new asphalt pavement is being laid. This man had such a tremendous chest expansion that he was obliged to turn down requests to show it for his chest expanded so much that it burst all the buttons on his coat. He did not de velop any muscles by exercise and has not been prominent in any form of ath letics. But when he inflates the chest it is like a big rubber ball. , Marm Harris, who was on the fam ous night shift at Winchester's during the war and was for many years noted for his skill at African golf, is also a chauffeur for a piano moving concern but he says he expects to give up fhis business and start up a cleaning and pressing establishment like he used to have on Goffe street: He was also famous as a baseball catcher and he still has the idea that he can whip 'em down to second with all the old speed. You can never make an old ball tosser admit that he hasn't got the goods even if he is 100 years old. Paul West, former micrometer ex pert in the rolling mill at Winchester's, is now engaged in a laundry but he isn't using a mike any more. He used to sign his reports Professor West and he was known as the professor while at Winchester's. "I heard considerable comment about the closing down of the Winchester restaurant after it was reported in The Connecticut Labor Press," said N. Cut ler of Winchester avenue,' "and it looks a,s if some one had made a big mis take. If they had let me get their beef for them there would not have been any complaints and you can bank on .that." Another restaurant that was opened on Winchester avenue but was not con ducted by the company closed its doors some time ago. The Winchester company made con siderable headway this week in clearing up the accounts of the fourth Liberty loan of former employees of the com pany. Blanks were approved by the head office and those who had not been able to get their papers were notified to call at the office of the personnel de partment. There was a delay of three months in some cases and numerous complaints were made. Pop Millet, for many years employ ed in the cupping department and later transferred to the gun department, is still doing his bit at the factory and takes a day off occasionally. HARTFORD MEETING. Mooney Mass Meeting There on Sunday, May 11. Hartford, May 2. "Labor declares war on the California frameup," this is the heading on the circular being widely circulated through the General Mooney Committee advertising the mass meeting to be held at Parsons' Theater on Sunday, May 11, with W. D. Patterson of San Francisco as the prin cipal speaker. The folder also urges members of local unions throughout the country to bring up the question of a general strike on July 4, this appeal bearing the signature of the Interna tional Workers' Defense League. Tobacco Strippers Delegates. Tobacco Strippers Local No. 12,046 has elected Helen Shields and Marie Clement as delegates to the convention of the Connecticut Federation of Labor at Meriden. Don't forget the union label. GARMENT GIRLS STRIKE IS OVER, WORK NEXT WEEK Unions Were Organized ia This State and Girls Were Out for Three Months. TO HAVE 48 HOUR WEEK Miss Annie Kronhard, Assistant to International, to Write for Labor Press. This is the last week of the strike of the garment workers and shirtwaist operators. The strike has been in prog ress for three months. The strike orig inated in New York, where over 56,000 went on strike at the beginning. Settle ments were made from time to time and the girls returned to work until a few weeks. ago all were back in New York except 8,000. When the strike was at its height in JSlew York, some of the manufacturers there tried to open fac tories in this state and get work done in shops already established here. The officials of the Ladies' Garment Workers' Union carried the war right into Connecticut and Samuel Lefkovits, vice-president and general organizer of the International Union, was placed in command of the Connecticut forces. He came to New Haven and after making an investigation decided to call the girls out. The Russian girls were the first to heed the call and then one of the or ganizers who speaks fluently in Italian was sent to New Haven to talk to the Italian girls in the shops, of which there are a great many. The colored girls followed their Russian and Italian sis ters. The girls in Hartford were also call ed out but the effort to get the girls in Stamford to strike was not so success ful and it was reported that they were afraid to attend the mass meeting call ed for their benefit. Two weeks ago the Hartford girls returned to work. It was reported in Hartford that the unions in that citys did not give any encouragement to the strike but this was denied by the Central Labor Union of Hartford. It was also reported there that the daughters of two union men in Hartford were among the strike-breakers. In New Haven, the New York manu facturers who tried to open shops did not meet with any success. The girls are to have a 48 hour week hereafter instead of one of 53 hours and all will return to work next week. The strike breakers will get the benefit of the new time system. Since the strike, was inaugurated in this stateweekly strike benefits were paid.- TSe Hartford girls- were paid -on Wednesday and the New Haveri girls on Thursday. The Ladies' Garment Workers' Union is to be maintained and it is gradually adding to its member ship. Mr. Lefkovits was unable to come to this state for two weeks because of sickness. Miss Annie Kronhard of New York has been the resident agent of the International in New Haven during the strike. She will return to New York next week. Miss Kronhard assisted in organizing the union in New Haven and read to groups of the strikers from standard authors from time to time. While in New Haven she made a large acquaintance and as many of the girls have expressed a desire to learn about her work in the future. Miss Kronhard will contribute to The Connecticut Labor Press an occasioanl article so the members of the unions in Connecticut wlil know that the organizations in other cities are doing and how Miss Kron hard is engaged in her life work. Miss Kronhard said yesterday she would be peHsed to write for this paper as she' would not have the time to write in dividual letters to so many girls. ONE LABOR BILL REJECTED IN HOUSE Senate Had Passed Measure Pro viding for Nine-Hour Day for Women and Minors. The Connecticut Senate this week passed unanimously a bill concerning the employment of women and minors. The majority report of the labor com mittee was unfavorable and the minority report was favorable. The bill provided that no minor under 16 years of age and no women shall be employed in any manufacturing or mechanical establish ment more than nine hours in any day or 50 hours in any calendar week. The bill provides further: "No minor under 16 years of age and no woman shall be employed in any mercantile establishment, other than manufacturing or mechanical, more than 55 hours in any calendar week, provided any employer who shall, during each year, give not less than seven holidays with pay. shall be exempt from the pro visions of this section during the period from the 17th to the 25th day of De cember of each year." The House on Thursday rejected the bill, 117 to 51 and the unfavorable ma jority report was accepted. Representative A. G. Prisk of Wal lingford, chairman of the committee on labor, explained the bill. He said that in the busy seaosn it is sometimes ad visable to work 55 hours a week, and that in some instances the workers themselves are in favor of the 55 hour week. The bill will work a hardship on the smaller industries of the state he asserted. He favored rejection of the bill. Representative E. H. Bailey of Dan tyury said he considered 50 hours a week enough for any woman tp work. He submitted figures showing that 324 em ployers in the state employ 18,756 women, and that 219 of the employers work on a schedule of 50 hours or less. He favored the bill. Representative Samuel Shaw of Red ding spoke in favor of the minority report and for the passage of the bill. It reduces the hours which women and minors may work in factories from 10 to nine hours a day and from 55 to 50 hours a week. The woman who works nine hours a day will do better work than in 10 hours, he maintained. He referred to the Senate adopting the minority report unanimously.' BARTENDERS MEETING. Gathering Tomorrow an Ex ceptionally Important One. The regular meeting of Bartend ers' Local, 217, of New Haven, called for 3 p. m. at Eagles' hall, tomorrow ( Sunday) afternoon, promises to be one of the most im portant held in a long time and a full attendance of members is re quested. One of the important matters to come up will be the election of dele gate to the convention of the Con necticut Federation of Labor at Meriden the first week in June. It is very necessary, in view of the un usual importance of this convention, that great care be taken in the se lection of delegates and the tendency of unions throughout the city has been, so far, to send delegates who represent the local in the Trades Council because of their familiarity with the issues at hand. It is generally conceded by those familiar with the situation that never before in the history of the C. F. of L. have there been as many import ant matters to come before a con vention as will confront the dele gates at the coming one. PAINTERS NEXT WEEK. Considerable Business for at Meeting. Looked The Painters and Decorators Union of New Haven expects considerable business to come up at the meeting next Wednesday night. It is expected a satisfactory agreement will be made with the employers. Renssalaer Beadle, the business agent, received several ap plications for membership this week. t , Corset Workers Delegates. The Corset Workers have elected as delegates to the Connecticut Federation of Labor convention at Meriden Annie Cavanaugh and Margaret Donovan. CROWLEY CLASHES WITH O'MEARA AT TRADES COUNCIL MEETING Hartford Leader of Representative's iterates Them With Emphasis Attjempkt to Appojbat Invetigatiiig , CommilteSergeanff-a- ArmsMcCabe Just Misses Chance -for Distinguished Service Medal. Timothy Crowley, leader of the American Labor Party of Hartford, appeared before the N ew riaven 1 rades Council at its meeting Thursday even ing, and upon being accorded the priv ilege of the floor inaugurated one of the warmest sessions that the Trades Coun cil has seen in many moons. It looked at times as though the well known prowess of SergeanJ-at-Arms McCabe would be tested to "maintain order but adjournment was finallv reached with out the production of a casualty list. It will be recalled that at the pro ceeding meeting of the Trades Council President O'Meara of the Connecticut Federation of Labor and that organiza tion's legislative agent, together with President Urnburn oi the J. rades toun- cil who is also secretary of the Con necticut Federation of Labor and actively engaged in the legislative work with President DM ear a, made a report on the legislative work before the Gen eral Assembly in the course of which the effect of the American Labor Par ty's election in Hartford was pro nounced to have been detrimental to labor legislation, inasmuch as the elec tion's result . had been chiefly that of taking the control of Hartford away from a Democratic administration friendly to Labor. This, it was expain ed, had antagonized Democratic sen ators who had been, up to the time of the election, friendly to Labor legisla tion. Reference was also made to Brother Crowley's personal attitude before legislative committees, it being described as hostile and productive of great an tagonism to Labor measures. Brother Crowley announced that he look strong exception to the report as published in The " Connecticut Labor Press and to the criticism which had been made of the American Labor Party of Hartford and himself. He had had many years of experience in ap pearing before legislative bodies, he said, and had learned long ago the rules of etiquette governing such appearances. He had shown the copy of the paper containing the account of the report to many members of the legislature and they had all agreed that they had never heard him make the insulting remarks alleged. He had secured from the Judiciary committee a copy of the stenographer's report of his remarks at the hearing referred to and presented it to the secretary who read it. He had also asked Senator Bailey of New Ha ven if he had heard him, Crowley, make any such remarks as were attributed to him and the senator had assured him that he had not. In conclusion Brother Crowley asked that a committee of three be appointed to go to Hartford at the expense of the Hartford Central Labor Union to investigate the matter. Lester Barlow, of the Machinists, also addressed the meeting and advised the members that only aggressive tactics could produce results. His sympathies, he said, were with the Socialists but he believed in putting the punch behind a movement where it would do some good and that was behind the American Labor Partv. The leaders of the Labor movement; he said, were not doing the members of the organization justice. They advise, he said,but do they ever CONVENTION DELEGATES. Hartford Bartenders and Metal Workers. Sheet The Bartenders' Union of Hartfor ? has elected Frank J. Madden and Will TYPOS PREPARE FOR CONVENTION AT NEW HAVEN Committee Reports That New England Typographical Con vention Will Be a Big One. SOME OTHER BUSINESS Officers Nominated for Local No 47 and Delegates Chosen for Coming Conventions. At the last meeting of Typographi cal union, JNo. 4, ot JNew Haven, held bunday, the committee on the conven tion of the New England Typographi cal Union which is to be held in the Elm City in June reported that plans nave Deen practically completed for en tertaining a large number of delegates from all over New England and letters from the officers of the New England Doav expressed the opinion that it will be one of the greatest conventions ever held in New England outside of a na tional convention. Secretary John F. Murphy of the New England Typographical Union was in town early in the week and looked the ground over with members of the local committee, choosing the Hotel Garde as convention neaaquarters. Nominations for officers were also made at the last meeting of Local No 47 as follows: For President, C. N. Ballard and John McGowan; for vice-president, J nomas foil; tor secretary and treas urer, h.. R. Ottarson and Thomas B. Harkins; for auditors, Ernest Hintz Wuham D. Williams and Israel Jacobs. The election will takes place on May 28 at Trades Council hall.between the hours of 4 and 7 p. m. E Shipman Smith and Thomas Poll were elected delegates to the convention of the Connecticut Federation of Labor John Casey and Charles Schmidt were elected delegates to the New England convention. . AND LIVELY SESSION ENSUES American Labor Party Brands Legislative Statements as False and C. F. of L. Head .Re Parliamentary Rules Cut Short act, do they ever fight? Any, man who votes for either the Democratic or the Republican party at the 'next election, he said, was either a fool or a traitor to Labor. President O'Meara at the conclusion of the remarks said he had no intention of laying down under the onslaught his previous statements' had evoked. "I made those statements," he said, "and I want to reiterate them tonight" He proceeded to say that when Brother Crowley supplied a transcript of the committee's stenographer's re port he proved nothing as no commit tee kept a complete verbatim report of what was said at the hearings and he read, a letter from the stenographer of the railroad committee, from whom he had requested a stenographic report of another hearing, stating this to be a fact. President O'Meara added that members of the Legislature almost without number had complained of the threatening attitude of "this man Crow lev," who, he said, injected such a spirit ofj bitterness into his remarks as to seriously antagonize those who heard them. He added that he regretted that the reporter of The Connecticut Labor Press had not included in his original report 'what he had said in relation to Brother Crowley's personal admonition to the members of the legislature to get on the band wagon .of the American Labor Party. This remark was invariably-interjected into a personal confer ence" which the members of the legisla tive committee might be holding with a member in the corridors and never fail ed to create an unpleasant impression, according to President O'Meara's re port at the first meeting. "I reiterate," said Brother O'Meara in conclusion, "that he has hurt Labor's cause by his threatening attitude before the legislature." Brother Crowley again took the floor and pronounced the charges absolutely false. "I never used those words," he said, "and I am surprised at the nerve and audacity of this brother in making those statements. I brand them as a falsehood." He reiterated his request for the ap pointment of an investigating commit tee and Delegate Eugene Treiber of the Brewery Workers moved that the re quest be granted. Delegate James Moakley of ih-t Pos tal Employees moved that the matter be tabled. This . motion, taking precedence by parliamentary law, the chair put it and it prevailed. Nobody doubted the result but sev eral members demanded to know why the second motion was put before the first. The chair explained that under parliamentary law he had no choice ex cept to put it and to abide by the vote, a motion to table having precedence and being non-debatable. Under parlia mentary law the chair was compelled to declare all attempts to discuss the matter further out of order, which gave rise to some dissatisfaction on the part of delegates unfamiliar with the manual. After considerable heated attempts to revive the discussion Delegate Cobey of the Sheet Metal Workers moved to ad journ and the motion prevailed. iam J. Doley delegates to the annual convention of the Connecticut Federa tion of Labor. Charles F. Facett was elected delegate from the Sheet Metal Workers' Union of Hartford. Delegate Madden was a candidate for assessor on the ticket of the American Labor party in Hartford at the last election. WILLIAM HUTCHINSON, BROADMINDED LEADER Head of the Carpenters Was Known as Shepherd to the Tim ber Choppers and Is a Giant. "The Mechanic" of Rochester prints a pen picture of William Hutchinson Nature endowed William Hutchinson, international president of the Carpen ters and Joiners, with a massive form, six feet four inches high, and shoulders broad enough to support an ordinary house, with weight in proportion. And Hutchinson s heart is proportionately great. Rochester got a close-up" view of the carpenters' chief this week, and his commanding personality soon erHeared him to all union 'tien with whom he came into contact and also convinced the autocratic contractors that there is a human side to industry. Hutchinson's powerful arguments in behalf of the local strikers, augmented by his broad- minded conception of things as they are, 1 1-! 'ill e i . - duu ins intolerance oi Diasea ana spite ful representations, soon made Jhe bosses tremble as they perceived the error ot tneir ways. ' We are informed that this magnifi cent leader has carried a card" only seven years, arid has alreadv achieved the highest honor and distinction with in the gift of his fellow craftsmen. But there are higher honors for Hutchinson ; keep your eye on him. "He is a "live wire," fortified with facts and informa tion of everything connected with the carpenter and joiner trade from nails to lumber, and know.s whereof he speaks. That is the secret of his suc cess. The first thing Hutchinson did when he arrived in Rochester was to get both sides of the controversy: the rest was like sailing with the wind for him. Hutchinson, we learn, used to chop timber ' in the Michigan backwoods, where a man's word was good as his bond, and a mis-step meant death. The company of rugged men in which Hutchinson associated made him rug ged, too, but he spent-his idle time in studying, .in reading and in acquiring a knowledge of world-wide affairs, and especially of trades unionism. Seeing the beauties and benefits of organiza tion, Hutchinson began to stump orator it, and soon was accepted as leader of the timbermen. Just as Abraham Lincoln's reputation as a rail-splitter spread through the Illinois forest, so Hutchinson's fame as a bhepherd to the timber choppers seemed to flit from point to point, and the inevitable happened. Hutchinson was too great a man to be "lost" in the backwoods, so he was discovered, and now, here he is leader of the Itw ternational association, with higher hon ors coming. The local plutocrats sitting in their easy chairs, did pot feel so easy as they appeared when Hutchmwn ..arose- and spoke to them. And Hutchinson did not nuibble on legal points, either, discard ing them as bunk ; and those imagin ary grievances of the bosses were sifted so thoroughly that by the time Hutch inson finished all the fanciful theories of the contractors had been wafted away on the waves of dust. Hutchinson emphasized his remarks on the human side of industrial life. to do unto others as you would ahve them do unto you, and his graphic pic tures of men s families starving for want of foodstuffs and other necessi ties while the men are striving hard as they can. to fulfill their obligations. But the men's incomes did not meet the war demands. ONDITIONS FOR POSTAL EMPLOYEES i President Hyatt of Federation Trying to Improve Them in Chicago. President Gilbert E. Hyatt, of the Federation of Postal Employes, has re cently been in Chicago, .trying once more to secure some betlv. " "rCot san itary conditions in the postoix. slid ing there. For years the postal clerks in, Chicago have been compelled to work in crowded, filthy, dark rooms, with results seriously damaging to their health. Union men who have led pro tests against these conditions have been punished. The rooms have not been improved. Ihe health omcials ot tne city, making a tuberculosis survey, were not permitted to enter the building, since the post office department claimed that the property was tinder reaerai juris diction. Postal officials now claim that the Treasury department is responsible for the filth and darkness and the crowding. Nobody but the union does anything to save the workers' health. In fine contrast to this situation is the showing made by the State Indus trial Accident Commission in Califor nia, in a report by Commissioner Will J. French a veteran member of the Typographical Union before the recent convention of the Ste Building Trades Council at Fresno. French showed that in the construction of three big build ings in San Francisco during the past year, due to the fact that safety meas ures suggested by the Commission were carried out, not a life was lost nor seri ous injury suffered, after the piling was in. One man was killed while piles were being driven. For guarding the safety of 300 men employed 12 months on the Southern' Pacific building the largest office structure west of Chicago the cost was $13.10 for each worker, or a trifle over one dollar per month per man. In constructing the Santa Fe office building, the safety devices cost less than a dollar per month for each of the 175 men who worked six months at the job. For protecting the lives- and limbs of 30 men tor 38 days in aoing tne structural work on the great California Theater, only $220 was spent. Now, that was mighty good economy for the contractors, and it was better than the payment of life insurance for the men who would otherwise have been killed. It is that sort of -forethought against industrial accidents that the telephone strikers have been taking, and which the administration has thus far refused to agree ta It is that sort of forethought that the 2,000,000 rail road workers are going to take, through the strength of their own organized numbers. Look at the expiration date on your address sticker. BOSS BAKERS AND WORKERS COMETO TERMS Agreement Went Into Effect Thursday in New Haven and Shops Are Unionized. WAGES ARE INCREASED No Night Work and Men to Go to Work at 5 A. M. Seven Holidays Observed. The Bakery and Confectionery Work- ers International Union, No. 11, of New Haven and the bakery owners of New Haven came to terms this week and signed an agreement for the year which went into effect on Thursday. The' bakery owners agreed to an increased wage and the union committee agreed 1 to have its members begin work at S a. m. instead ot o a. m. According to the agreement ' nnlv' good standing members of the union ' shal be employed. The members are to be furnished by Union No. 11 and if it has not sufficient mpn mil- rf w--L- '. master bakers can secure help else where providing they are good stand ing members of the Bake and Con fectionery Workers International Union, or become union men, or until '' Union No. 11 can replace with union help. No member is allowed to boar or room with his boss. All work is to be done in the day- time, none of the help to start bef re 5 a.m. except the dough mixer who shall have the right to make a special hour " with his employer as a starting time. The working hours for all bakers shall ' be from S a. m. to 7 p.' m. with the ex-N-ception of Friday, when it shall be from 6 a. m. to 9 p. m. Six davs shall con- . stitute a week's work, and the day to be' r.( a 1 U.. : k.j: i ii i - " "vui a, luuuuuig X lltXLl livur fof lunch. , Overtime is to be paid at the rate of time and a half, fractions of an hour not to be accumulated and claimed dor- ing the week or on Fridav.' Not. more than two hours overtime shall be allow ed in one week. No "man. shall be dis criminated against, for working in the interest of the union. Only iournev- men shall be -allowed to operate ma chines. ' One apprentice shall be allowed everv : three men. Only one apprentice . shall . be allowed to work: with the boss -If any extra help is needed, it must be a journeyman. " ' in an naKenes empioviner union meti they, shall put a label on each loaf of bread and box cake, Jthe label to be fur-' .' nisna at cost, me following holidays shall be observed; - Washington's Birth day, Memorial day. Fourth of July, Labor day, Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year's. All holidays are to be. observed on the day in which' they falL Should the government make 'a holiday in recognition of peace it shall be in' eluded in the list. The agreement pro vides for two extra hours of work on the day preceeding a holiday. Wages are to be paid when the week's work is done. Jobbers are also to -be paid by the employer. . All grievances arising between employer and employee shall be settled bv a committee of three men, of Union No. 11 and three of the Master Bakers, the seventh man to be disinterested person. Their decision shall be final. . ,- . " , WOMEN WORKERS IN NAVY YARDS Campaign to Organize Them in New England and -Elsewhere, Also Women in Arsenals. A special membership drive, to enlist the thousands of women workers at the U. S. raw vards and arsenals has been undertaken as a result of cdnferences in Washington during the past week between officers of the National' Fed-, eration of Federal Employees and the presidents of local unions at several such points. Miss Gertrude McNally, general organizer for the Federation, is v' in New York, to join forces "with President John Fitzgerald, of the Fed eral Employees' Union there and launch , this campaign among the office em ployees and the women flagmakers, sail makers, and life-preserver makers 'in the Brooklyn navy yard.' The pressing need for organization of these women workers. Miss McNally " states, is evidenced in the fact that, at the navy vards and arsenals .women "are not paid at the same rate that men" are paid for work of corresponding skilL Although the War and Navy Depart ments have announced a policv of equal pay for equal work, she points out that the women employed in the nag and sail lofts, and in various shops, at the dif ferent arsenals are rated at a scale which is lower for their skilled work than is the wage paid to unskilled labor done bv men. In Philadelphia, a similar campaign for women members, at the Schyulkill , arsenal and League Island navy yard. being conducted under direction of Secretary John D. Cloud and Miss Emily Leonhardt of the Local Federal. Employees LTnion. President Francis Mccormick, of the local union at the Naval Ammunition Depot at Hingham, Mass, which has a 100 per cent, or- ganization. will take up the campaign in other New England cities, covering -Watertown arsenal and the Boston navy vard, in co-operation with President i William J. Burke of the Boston Local. ' ater. Miss McNally will go to the Rock Island, 111., arsenal, and " to the Presidents c.. J . Dorgan and J. B. Webb. at the local unions at those points. ' National Orsranizer K. E. Peabody has just reported the organization of a local at Watervliet arsenaL New York, and Vice President Charles L. Wiegand, of Baltimore, within the past week has organized a union of the employees at the Naval Academy at'Annapolis.. The English government is trvinsr to prevent profiteering for at Nottingi ham, t redenck 5 (joodhff e, a provision merchant,' had to pay a 'fine and costs of $1,700 for selling ham with bone in at the price . of boneless liam. - - Your Labor Press late? Phne us.