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The Connecticut labor press. (New Haven, Conn.) 191?-1921, May 03, 1919, Image 1

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A NEWSPAPER FOR THE PEOPLE
VOL. VI. NO. 6.
NEW HAVEN, CONN., SATURDAY, MAY 3, 1919.
Price 3 Cents.
NORWICH BARBER
OPPOSES WOMEN
IN THE UNIONS
Does Not Think a Barber Shop Is
the Place for a Woman to
Earn Her Living.
DELEGATES FOR BUFFALO
New Haven Union to Choose Next
.Thursday Bridgeport
Barbers Disciplined.
The annual convention of the Jour
neymen Barbers' International Union of
America, will open in Buffalo on the
second Tuesday in September. The
New Haven Barbers' Union at its
meeting , next Thursday night will
choose two delegates to this convention.
The convention will consider the ad
visability of -admitting women barbers
to membership in the unions.
President C. E. O'Donnell of the
Norwich, Barbers' Union writes to the
Journeyman Barber as follows :
"You ask for views in regard to al
lowing ladies to become members' of
the Journeyman Barbers' Union. Well,
. I for one do not think it would be ad
visable to take them in, if no other rea
son was offered than the fact that they
should not be encouraged to become
barbers, as I. don't think it is a trade
for, any woman to learn. If the money
received for a week's salary were large
enough so a woman could take the
chances with the public that a man must
take, why, . she might get, away with it;
but on the whole 1 don't think the bar
ber shop is the place for a woman to
work. ; Of course local conditions some
time may arise where it would be neces
sary to have the shop where the ladies
were employed in the union, but I think
that should be left to the local union to
.J a.- i . i u t j .
ucuuc as iu wuai suuuiu ue uuuc ; uiy
- way, I think this is a big question for
the convention to decide.
"Brother Tibbils, why pick on me or
my little 'burg'? I suppose you must
try it out on someone so you picked me
and my city. ' I was in your city about
17 years ago and the barbers' wages
were" so rotten that they had a hard
time (this was before Detroit and Ford
became famous) to get barbers to go
there to "work. The International spent
all kinds of money to make, it a first-
class r-union city ' and a city fit for a
first-class barber to work in, and if at
this late day you have succeeded I am
glad to hear it; but why refer to An
aconda, Montana, miles away from De
troit? Is it possible-that Michigan has
no place with as good conditions as the
'.little town of Anaconda, Montana ?
Well, we are helingto et the pace
in our little New. England city and we
,'are very near New. York and must do
in this town very near what they do in
New York. 1
AAfT ft. ,
, w ;iivnU wc auuuiu w kji i y w iLtxi.
' someone in Michigan thinks about our
conditions. .-' Most of us make at least
" $30 and some of us get the $25 guaran
tee. It is not what you get, but how
high a fence you have before you. Nor
wich allows the boss $7 profit on each
man if he takes in $27, but if he does not
take-in $27, he must get $20; but we
have members, that would not work for
less than a $25 guarantee and fifty-fifty
over $32 taken in. Another thing, the
barber business of the East is rjm alto
gether different from the way it is in
the West. A very poor barber can make
at feast $4 per on the side and in a good
shop can get as high as $15 per on the
side. So don't compare the West with
the East in regard to wages. The West
gets it one way and the East another,
and in the long rUi they average about
alike.
"Local 337 has elected and installed
the following officers for the year 19i9:
President C. E. O'Donnell; vice-president,
Felix Strauss ; secretary, A. Ed
ward Brouder ; recorder, A. H. Ranlo ;
treasurer, August Heinell.'
Local Union No. 288 of Bridgeport
has passed resolutions on the death of
Louis Deithler, a member. According
to the report of Jacob Fischer, general
secretarytreasurer, the Bridgeport
Union has annulled retiring card of
Oscar Oelson and placed a fine of $100
against him for refusing to walk out
when shop card was removed; also
placed a fine of $100 against Joseph
Brioneti for refusing to walk out when
shop card was 'removed; also placed a
fine of $150 against John Morales for
refusing to come out when shop card
was removed ; annulled retiring card
hed by O. Caserrant and placed a fine
of $100 against him for strike-breaking ;
annulled retiring card held by Daniel
O'Connor and placed a fine of $200
against him for refusing to abide by the
union hours..
SENATE ADOPTS
, JITNEOONDING
Bill Provides That Insurance
Policies Be Taken Out to Make
Owners Responsible.
The Connecticut Senate on Wednes
day passed a bill providing for the
bonding of jitneys. Chairman Macdon
ald explained the bill, reported by the
committee on roads, bridges and sew
ers, requiring bonds or insurance poli
cies of $5,000 to $10,000 of jitney men
to make them responsible for damage
done by (their vehicles. The bill also
provided la scale of extra assessment:
to be made against public service motor
vehicles on the basis of seating capacity.
The bill would be effective January 1,
1920.
Senator Brooks said jitney accidents
had been few but "you can't tell when
the lightning is going to strike. The
jitney users, for vhose welfare Ser.a
tor Kopplemann was so solicitous,
might complain now against the adop
tion of a bonding bill but, if a serious
accident occurred involving injuries
to passengers they would see the merit
in the measure. The day had come to
pass jitney legislation, he said, because
their business was increasing.
Senator Dillon said no opposition de
veloped at the public hearing to the
bonding of the jitneys. One man as
sured the committee that insurance
could be obtained for jitney owners.
IRON AND STEEL
LABOR CONFERENCE
Federation of Labor Urges All
Unions Directly Interested to
Send Representatives.
A national conference of all unions
of every craft in the iron and steel in
dustry will be held in Pittsburgh on
May 25. The call for the conference
is signed by John Fitzpatrick, acting
chairman, and William Z. Foster, secretary-treasurer,
of the committee.
"The miners, railroad men, building
tradesmen, packing house employees,
shipyard workers, garment workers,
printing tradesmen, and many other
classes of workers," says the call, "are
strongly organized and are enjoying
good conditions. While the mill work
ers are trembling in fear of wage re
ductions, these united workers are con
tinuously marching ahead to better con
ditions. It is high time, that the iron
and steel workers followed their ex
ample by completing their organization.
"The national conference on May 25
will be one of the most important gath
erings of working men ever held on the
American continent. It will mark an
epoch in the industrial history of the
country.
- "President Gbmpers; Secretary Mor
rison, the executive council of the
American Federation of Labor, the
presidents and secretaries of the 24 in
ternational unions co-operating in the
great drive to organize the steel indus
try, and the members of the National
Committee for Organizing Iron and
Steel Workers, have all been invited to
attend-
"All local unions, of every trade,
regularly affiliated with their respec
tive international unions and the A. F.
of L., having members employed in
iron and steel plants, or having juris
diction over men employed in these
plants, are urged and invited to send
delegates. This includes blacksmiths,
boilermakers, brick and clay workers,
bricklayers, bridge and structural iron
workers, coopers, electrical workers,
foundry employees, iron, steel and tin
workers, machinists, mine, mill and
smelter workers, mine workers, mold
ers, pattern makers, plumbers, and
steamfitters, quarry workers, stationary
firemen, steam and operating engineers,
Steam shovel and dredgemen, switchmen
and others, working in the iron and steel
industry proper." .
INDIA RUBBER MAN
IS NOWCHAUFFEUR
Former Winchester Employee
Driving Asphalt Cart Mann
- Harris Gives Up Game.
One f the colored employees at
Winchester's who;was known as the
India rubber man ' because of the phe
nomenal chest expansion he showed is
now chauffeur for one of the asphalt
carts in New Haven and has been en
gaged this week on Park street where
a new asphalt pavement is being laid.
This man had such a tremendous chest
expansion that he was obliged to turn
down requests to show it for his chest
expanded so much that it burst all the
buttons on his coat. He did not de
velop any muscles by exercise and has
not been prominent in any form of ath
letics. But when he inflates the chest
it is like a big rubber ball. ,
Marm Harris, who was on the fam
ous night shift at Winchester's during
the war and was for many years noted
for his skill at African golf, is also a
chauffeur for a piano moving concern
but he says he expects to give up fhis
business and start up a cleaning and
pressing establishment like he used to
have on Goffe street: He was also
famous as a baseball catcher and he
still has the idea that he can whip 'em
down to second with all the old speed.
You can never make an old ball tosser
admit that he hasn't got the goods even
if he is 100 years old.
Paul West, former micrometer ex
pert in the rolling mill at Winchester's,
is now engaged in a laundry but he
isn't using a mike any more. He used
to sign his reports Professor West and
he was known as the professor while at
Winchester's.
"I heard considerable comment about
the closing down of the Winchester
restaurant after it was reported in The
Connecticut Labor Press," said N. Cut
ler of Winchester avenue,' "and it looks
a,s if some one had made a big mis
take. If they had let me get their beef
for them there would not have been any
complaints and you can bank on .that."
Another restaurant that was opened on
Winchester avenue but was not con
ducted by the company closed its doors
some time ago.
The Winchester company made con
siderable headway this week in clearing
up the accounts of the fourth Liberty
loan of former employees of the com
pany. Blanks were approved by the
head office and those who had not been
able to get their papers were notified
to call at the office of the personnel de
partment. There was a delay of three
months in some cases and numerous
complaints were made.
Pop Millet, for many years employ
ed in the cupping department and later
transferred to the gun department, is
still doing his bit at the factory and
takes a day off occasionally.
HARTFORD MEETING.
Mooney Mass Meeting There on
Sunday, May 11.
Hartford, May 2. "Labor declares
war on the California frameup," this
is the heading on the circular being
widely circulated through the General
Mooney Committee advertising the
mass meeting to be held at Parsons'
Theater on Sunday, May 11, with W. D.
Patterson of San Francisco as the prin
cipal speaker. The folder also urges
members of local unions throughout the
country to bring up the question of a
general strike on July 4, this appeal
bearing the signature of the Interna
tional Workers' Defense League.
Tobacco Strippers Delegates.
Tobacco Strippers Local No. 12,046
has elected Helen Shields and Marie
Clement as delegates to the convention
of the Connecticut Federation of Labor
at Meriden.
Don't forget the union label.
GARMENT GIRLS
STRIKE IS OVER,
WORK NEXT WEEK
Unions Were Organized ia This
State and Girls Were Out
for Three Months.
TO HAVE 48 HOUR WEEK
Miss Annie Kronhard, Assistant
to International, to Write
for Labor Press.
This is the last week of the strike of
the garment workers and shirtwaist
operators. The strike has been in prog
ress for three months. The strike orig
inated in New York, where over 56,000
went on strike at the beginning. Settle
ments were made from time to time and
the girls returned to work until a few
weeks. ago all were back in New York
except 8,000. When the strike was at
its height in JSlew York, some of the
manufacturers there tried to open fac
tories in this state and get work done
in shops already established here.
The officials of the Ladies' Garment
Workers' Union carried the war right
into Connecticut and Samuel Lefkovits,
vice-president and general organizer of
the International Union, was placed in
command of the Connecticut forces. He
came to New Haven and after making
an investigation decided to call the girls
out. The Russian girls were the first
to heed the call and then one of the or
ganizers who speaks fluently in Italian
was sent to New Haven to talk to the
Italian girls in the shops, of which there
are a great many. The colored girls
followed their Russian and Italian sis
ters. The girls in Hartford were also call
ed out but the effort to get the girls in
Stamford to strike was not so success
ful and it was reported that they were
afraid to attend the mass meeting call
ed for their benefit. Two weeks ago
the Hartford girls returned to work. It
was reported in Hartford that the
unions in that citys did not give any
encouragement to the strike but this was
denied by the Central Labor Union of
Hartford. It was also reported there
that the daughters of two union men in
Hartford were among the strike-breakers.
In New Haven, the New York manu
facturers who tried to open shops did
not meet with any success. The girls
are to have a 48 hour week hereafter
instead of one of 53 hours and all will
return to work next week. The strike
breakers will get the benefit of the new
time system.
Since the strike, was inaugurated in
this stateweekly strike benefits were
paid.- TSe Hartford girls- were paid -on
Wednesday and the New Haveri girls
on Thursday. The Ladies' Garment
Workers' Union is to be maintained and
it is gradually adding to its member
ship. Mr. Lefkovits was unable to come to
this state for two weeks because of
sickness. Miss Annie Kronhard of New
York has been the resident agent of the
International in New Haven during the
strike. She will return to New York
next week. Miss Kronhard assisted in
organizing the union in New Haven and
read to groups of the strikers from
standard authors from time to time.
While in New Haven she made a large
acquaintance and as many of the girls
have expressed a desire to learn about
her work in the future. Miss Kronhard
will contribute to The Connecticut
Labor Press an occasioanl article so the
members of the unions in Connecticut
wlil know that the organizations in other
cities are doing and how Miss Kron
hard is engaged in her life work. Miss
Kronhard said yesterday she would be
peHsed to write for this paper as she'
would not have the time to write in
dividual letters to so many girls.
ONE LABOR BILL
REJECTED IN HOUSE
Senate Had Passed Measure Pro
viding for Nine-Hour Day for
Women and Minors.
The Connecticut Senate this week
passed unanimously a bill concerning
the employment of women and minors.
The majority report of the labor com
mittee was unfavorable and the minority
report was favorable. The bill provided
that no minor under 16 years of age and
no women shall be employed in any
manufacturing or mechanical establish
ment more than nine hours in any day
or 50 hours in any calendar week. The
bill provides further:
"No minor under 16 years of age and
no woman shall be employed in any
mercantile establishment, other than
manufacturing or mechanical, more than
55 hours in any calendar week, provided
any employer who shall, during each
year, give not less than seven holidays
with pay. shall be exempt from the pro
visions of this section during the period
from the 17th to the 25th day of De
cember of each year."
The House on Thursday rejected the
bill, 117 to 51 and the unfavorable ma
jority report was accepted.
Representative A. G. Prisk of Wal
lingford, chairman of the committee on
labor, explained the bill. He said that
in the busy seaosn it is sometimes ad
visable to work 55 hours a week, and
that in some instances the workers
themselves are in favor of the 55 hour
week. The bill will work a hardship
on the smaller industries of the state
he asserted. He favored rejection of
the bill.
Representative E. H. Bailey of Dan
tyury said he considered 50 hours a week
enough for any woman tp work. He
submitted figures showing that 324 em
ployers in the state employ 18,756
women, and that 219 of the employers
work on a schedule of 50 hours or less.
He favored the bill.
Representative Samuel Shaw of Red
ding spoke in favor of the minority
report and for the passage of the bill.
It reduces the hours which women and
minors may work in factories from 10
to nine hours a day and from 55 to 50
hours a week. The woman who works
nine hours a day will do better work
than in 10 hours, he maintained. He
referred to the Senate adopting the
minority report unanimously.'
BARTENDERS MEETING.
Gathering Tomorrow an Ex
ceptionally Important One.
The regular meeting of Bartend
ers' Local, 217, of New Haven,
called for 3 p. m. at Eagles' hall,
tomorrow ( Sunday) afternoon,
promises to be one of the most im
portant held in a long time and a
full attendance of members is re
quested. One of the important matters to
come up will be the election of dele
gate to the convention of the Con
necticut Federation of Labor at
Meriden the first week in June. It
is very necessary, in view of the un
usual importance of this convention,
that great care be taken in the se
lection of delegates and the tendency
of unions throughout the city has
been, so far, to send delegates who
represent the local in the Trades
Council because of their familiarity
with the issues at hand.
It is generally conceded by those
familiar with the situation that never
before in the history of the C. F. of
L. have there been as many import
ant matters to come before a con
vention as will confront the dele
gates at the coming one.
PAINTERS NEXT WEEK.
Considerable Business
for at Meeting.
Looked
The Painters and Decorators Union
of New Haven expects considerable
business to come up at the meeting next
Wednesday night. It is expected a
satisfactory agreement will be made
with the employers. Renssalaer Beadle,
the business agent, received several ap
plications for membership this week.
t ,
Corset Workers Delegates.
The Corset Workers have elected as
delegates to the Connecticut Federation
of Labor convention at Meriden Annie
Cavanaugh and Margaret Donovan.
CROWLEY CLASHES WITH O'MEARA
AT TRADES COUNCIL MEETING
Hartford Leader of
Representative's
iterates Them With Emphasis
Attjempkt to Appojbat Invetigatiiig , CommilteSergeanff-a-
ArmsMcCabe Just Misses Chance -for Distinguished Service
Medal.
Timothy Crowley, leader of the
American Labor Party of Hartford,
appeared before the N ew riaven 1 rades
Council at its meeting Thursday even
ing, and upon being accorded the priv
ilege of the floor inaugurated one of the
warmest sessions that the Trades Coun
cil has seen in many moons. It looked
at times as though the well known
prowess of SergeanJ-at-Arms McCabe
would be tested to "maintain order but
adjournment was finallv reached with
out the production of a casualty list.
It will be recalled that at the pro
ceeding meeting of the Trades Council
President O'Meara of the Connecticut
Federation of Labor and that organiza
tion's legislative agent, together with
President Urnburn oi the J. rades toun-
cil who is also secretary of the Con
necticut Federation of Labor and
actively engaged in the legislative work
with President DM ear a, made a report
on the legislative work before the Gen
eral Assembly in the course of which
the effect of the American Labor Par
ty's election in Hartford was pro
nounced to have been detrimental to
labor legislation, inasmuch as the elec
tion's result . had been chiefly that of
taking the control of Hartford away
from a Democratic administration
friendly to Labor. This, it was expain
ed, had antagonized Democratic sen
ators who had been, up to the time of
the election, friendly to Labor legisla
tion. Reference was also made to Brother
Crowley's personal attitude before
legislative committees, it being described
as hostile and productive of great an
tagonism to Labor measures.
Brother Crowley announced that he
look strong exception to the report as
published in The " Connecticut Labor
Press and to the criticism which had
been made of the American Labor
Party of Hartford and himself. He had
had many years of experience in ap
pearing before legislative bodies, he
said, and had learned long ago the rules
of etiquette governing such appearances.
He had shown the copy of the paper
containing the account of the report to
many members of the legislature and
they had all agreed that they had never
heard him make the insulting remarks
alleged. He had secured from the
Judiciary committee a copy of the
stenographer's report of his remarks at
the hearing referred to and presented
it to the secretary who read it. He had
also asked Senator Bailey of New Ha
ven if he had heard him, Crowley, make
any such remarks as were attributed to
him and the senator had assured him
that he had not.
In conclusion Brother Crowley asked
that a committee of three be appointed
to go to Hartford at the expense of
the Hartford Central Labor Union to
investigate the matter.
Lester Barlow, of the Machinists, also
addressed the meeting and advised the
members that only aggressive tactics
could produce results. His sympathies,
he said, were with the Socialists but he
believed in putting the punch behind a
movement where it would do some
good and that was behind the American
Labor Partv. The leaders of the Labor
movement; he said, were not doing the
members of the organization justice.
They advise, he said,but do they ever
CONVENTION DELEGATES.
Hartford Bartenders and
Metal Workers.
Sheet
The Bartenders' Union of Hartfor ?
has elected Frank J. Madden and Will
TYPOS PREPARE
FOR CONVENTION
AT NEW HAVEN
Committee Reports That New
England Typographical Con
vention Will Be a Big One.
SOME OTHER BUSINESS
Officers Nominated for Local No
47 and Delegates Chosen for
Coming Conventions.
At the last meeting of Typographi
cal union, JNo. 4, ot JNew Haven, held
bunday, the committee on the conven
tion of the New England Typographi
cal Union which is to be held in the
Elm City in June reported that plans
nave Deen practically completed for en
tertaining a large number of delegates
from all over New England and letters
from the officers of the New England
Doav expressed the opinion that it will
be one of the greatest conventions ever
held in New England outside of a na
tional convention.
Secretary John F. Murphy of the New
England Typographical Union was in
town early in the week and looked the
ground over with members of the local
committee, choosing the Hotel Garde
as convention neaaquarters.
Nominations for officers were also
made at the last meeting of Local No
47 as follows:
For President, C. N. Ballard and
John McGowan; for vice-president,
J nomas foil; tor secretary and treas
urer, h.. R. Ottarson and Thomas B.
Harkins; for auditors, Ernest Hintz
Wuham D. Williams and Israel Jacobs.
The election will takes place on May
28 at Trades Council hall.between the
hours of 4 and 7 p. m.
E Shipman Smith and Thomas Poll
were elected delegates to the convention
of the Connecticut Federation of Labor
John Casey and Charles Schmidt were
elected delegates to the New England
convention.
. AND LIVELY SESSION ENSUES
American Labor Party Brands Legislative
Statements as False and C. F. of L. Head .Re
Parliamentary Rules Cut Short
act, do they ever fight? Any, man who
votes for either the Democratic or the
Republican party at the 'next election,
he said, was either a fool or a traitor
to Labor.
President O'Meara at the conclusion
of the remarks said he had no intention
of laying down under the onslaught his
previous statements' had evoked.
"I made those statements," he said,
"and I want to reiterate them tonight"
He proceeded to say that when
Brother Crowley supplied a transcript
of the committee's stenographer's re
port he proved nothing as no commit
tee kept a complete verbatim report of
what was said at the hearings and he
read, a letter from the stenographer of
the railroad committee, from whom he
had requested a stenographic report of
another hearing, stating this to be a
fact. President O'Meara added that
members of the Legislature almost
without number had complained of the
threatening attitude of "this man Crow
lev," who, he said, injected such a spirit
ofj bitterness into his remarks as to
seriously antagonize those who heard
them.
He added that he regretted that the
reporter of The Connecticut Labor
Press had not included in his original
report 'what he had said in relation to
Brother Crowley's personal admonition
to the members of the legislature to get
on the band wagon .of the American
Labor Party. This remark was invariably-interjected
into a personal confer
ence" which the members of the legisla
tive committee might be holding with a
member in the corridors and never fail
ed to create an unpleasant impression,
according to President O'Meara's re
port at the first meeting.
"I reiterate," said Brother O'Meara
in conclusion, "that he has hurt Labor's
cause by his threatening attitude before
the legislature."
Brother Crowley again took the floor
and pronounced the charges absolutely
false.
"I never used those words," he said,
"and I am surprised at the nerve and
audacity of this brother in making
those statements. I brand them as a
falsehood."
He reiterated his request for the ap
pointment of an investigating commit
tee and Delegate Eugene Treiber of the
Brewery Workers moved that the re
quest be granted.
Delegate James Moakley of ih-t Pos
tal Employees moved that the matter
be tabled.
This . motion, taking precedence by
parliamentary law, the chair put it and
it prevailed.
Nobody doubted the result but sev
eral members demanded to know why
the second motion was put before the
first. The chair explained that under
parliamentary law he had no choice ex
cept to put it and to abide by the vote,
a motion to table having precedence and
being non-debatable. Under parlia
mentary law the chair was compelled
to declare all attempts to discuss the
matter further out of order, which gave
rise to some dissatisfaction on the part
of delegates unfamiliar with the manual.
After considerable heated attempts to
revive the discussion Delegate Cobey of
the Sheet Metal Workers moved to ad
journ and the motion prevailed.
iam J. Doley delegates to the annual
convention of the Connecticut Federa
tion of Labor. Charles F. Facett was
elected delegate from the Sheet Metal
Workers' Union of Hartford. Delegate
Madden was a candidate for assessor
on the ticket of the American Labor
party in Hartford at the last election.
WILLIAM HUTCHINSON,
BROADMINDED LEADER
Head of the Carpenters Was
Known as Shepherd to the Tim
ber Choppers and Is a Giant.
"The Mechanic" of Rochester prints
a pen picture of William Hutchinson
Nature endowed William Hutchinson,
international president of the Carpen
ters and Joiners, with a massive form,
six feet four inches high, and shoulders
broad enough to support an ordinary
house, with weight in proportion. And
Hutchinson s heart is proportionately
great.
Rochester got a close-up" view of
the carpenters' chief this week, and his
commanding personality soon erHeared
him to all union 'tien with whom he
came into contact and also convinced
the autocratic contractors that there is
a human side to industry. Hutchinson's
powerful arguments in behalf of the
local strikers, augmented by his broad-
minded conception of things as they are,
1 1-! 'ill e i . -
duu ins intolerance oi Diasea ana spite
ful representations, soon made Jhe
bosses tremble as they perceived the
error ot tneir ways. '
We are informed that this magnifi
cent leader has carried a card" only
seven years, arid has alreadv achieved
the highest honor and distinction with
in the gift of his fellow craftsmen. But
there are higher honors for Hutchinson ;
keep your eye on him. "He is a "live
wire," fortified with facts and informa
tion of everything connected with the
carpenter and joiner trade from nails
to lumber, and know.s whereof he
speaks. That is the secret of his suc
cess. The first thing Hutchinson did
when he arrived in Rochester was to
get both sides of the controversy: the
rest was like sailing with the wind for
him.
Hutchinson, we learn, used to chop
timber ' in the Michigan backwoods,
where a man's word was good as his
bond, and a mis-step meant death. The
company of rugged men in which
Hutchinson associated made him rug
ged, too, but he spent-his idle time in
studying, .in reading and in acquiring a
knowledge of world-wide affairs, and
especially of trades unionism. Seeing
the beauties and benefits of organiza
tion, Hutchinson began to stump
orator it, and soon was accepted as
leader of the timbermen.
Just as Abraham Lincoln's reputation
as a rail-splitter spread through the
Illinois forest, so Hutchinson's fame as
a bhepherd to the timber choppers
seemed to flit from point to point, and
the inevitable happened. Hutchinson
was too great a man to be "lost" in
the backwoods, so he was discovered,
and now, here he is leader of the Itw
ternational association, with higher hon
ors coming.
The local plutocrats sitting in their
easy chairs, did pot feel so easy as they
appeared when Hutchmwn ..arose- and
spoke to them. And Hutchinson did not
nuibble on legal points, either, discard
ing them as bunk ; and those imagin
ary grievances of the bosses were sifted
so thoroughly that by the time Hutch
inson finished all the fanciful theories
of the contractors had been wafted away
on the waves of dust.
Hutchinson emphasized his remarks
on the human side of industrial life.
to do unto others as you would ahve
them do unto you, and his graphic pic
tures of men s families starving for
want of foodstuffs and other necessi
ties while the men are striving hard as
they can. to fulfill their obligations. But
the men's incomes did not meet the war
demands.
ONDITIONS FOR
POSTAL EMPLOYEES
i
President Hyatt of Federation
Trying to Improve Them
in Chicago.
President Gilbert E. Hyatt, of the
Federation of Postal Employes, has re
cently been in Chicago, .trying once
more to secure some betlv. " "rCot san
itary conditions in the postoix. slid
ing there. For years the postal clerks
in, Chicago have been compelled to
work in crowded, filthy, dark rooms,
with results seriously damaging to their
health. Union men who have led pro
tests against these conditions have been
punished. The rooms have not been
improved. Ihe health omcials ot tne
city, making a tuberculosis survey, were
not permitted to enter the building, since
the post office department claimed that
the property was tinder reaerai juris
diction. Postal officials now claim that
the Treasury department is responsible
for the filth and darkness and the
crowding. Nobody but the union does
anything to save the workers' health.
In fine contrast to this situation is
the showing made by the State Indus
trial Accident Commission in Califor
nia, in a report by Commissioner Will
J. French a veteran member of the
Typographical Union before the recent
convention of the Ste Building Trades
Council at Fresno. French showed that
in the construction of three big build
ings in San Francisco during the past
year, due to the fact that safety meas
ures suggested by the Commission were
carried out, not a life was lost nor seri
ous injury suffered, after the piling was
in. One man was killed while piles were
being driven. For guarding the safety
of 300 men employed 12 months on the
Southern' Pacific building the largest
office structure west of Chicago the
cost was $13.10 for each worker, or a
trifle over one dollar per month per
man.
In constructing the Santa Fe office
building, the safety devices cost less
than a dollar per month for each of the
175 men who worked six months at the
job. For protecting the lives- and limbs
of 30 men tor 38 days in aoing tne
structural work on the great California
Theater, only $220 was spent.
Now, that was mighty good economy
for the contractors, and it was better
than the payment of life insurance for
the men who would otherwise have been
killed. It is that sort of -forethought
against industrial accidents that the
telephone strikers have been taking,
and which the administration has thus
far refused to agree ta It is that sort
of forethought that the 2,000,000 rail
road workers are going to take, through
the strength of their own organized
numbers.
Look at the expiration date on your
address sticker.
BOSS BAKERS
AND WORKERS
COMETO TERMS
Agreement Went Into Effect
Thursday in New Haven and
Shops Are Unionized.
WAGES ARE INCREASED
No Night Work and Men to Go to
Work at 5 A. M. Seven
Holidays Observed.
The Bakery and Confectionery Work-
ers International Union, No. 11, of New
Haven and the bakery owners of New
Haven came to terms this week and
signed an agreement for the year which
went into effect on Thursday. The'
bakery owners agreed to an increased
wage and the union committee agreed 1
to have its members begin work at S a.
m. instead ot o a. m.
According to the agreement ' nnlv'
good standing members of the union '
shal be employed. The members are to
be furnished by Union No. 11 and if it
has not sufficient mpn mil- rf w--L- '.
master bakers can secure help else
where providing they are good stand
ing members of the Bake and Con
fectionery Workers International
Union, or become union men, or until ''
Union No. 11 can replace with union
help. No member is allowed to boar
or room with his boss.
All work is to be done in the day-
time, none of the help to start bef re
5 a.m. except the dough mixer who shall
have the right to make a special hour "
with his employer as a starting time.
The working hours for all bakers shall '
be from S a. m. to 7 p.' m. with the ex-N-ception
of Friday, when it shall be from
6 a. m. to 9 p. m. Six davs shall con- .
stitute a week's work, and the day to be'
r.( a 1 U.. : k.j: i ii i
- " "vui a, luuuuuig X lltXLl livur
fof lunch. ,
Overtime is to be paid at the rate of
time and a half, fractions of an hour
not to be accumulated and claimed dor-
ing the week or on Fridav.' Not. more
than two hours overtime shall be allow
ed in one week. No "man. shall be dis
criminated against, for working in the
interest of the union. Only iournev-
men shall be -allowed to operate ma
chines. '
One apprentice shall be allowed everv :
three men. Only one apprentice . shall .
be allowed to work: with the boss -If
any extra help is needed, it must be a
journeyman. " '
in an naKenes empioviner union meti
they, shall put a label on each loaf of
bread and box cake, Jthe label to be fur-' .'
nisna at cost, me following holidays
shall be observed; - Washington's Birth
day, Memorial day. Fourth of July,
Labor day, Thanksgiving, Christmas and
New Year's. All holidays are to be.
observed on the day in which' they falL
Should the government make 'a holiday
in recognition of peace it shall be in'
eluded in the list. The agreement pro
vides for two extra hours of work on
the day preceeding a holiday.
Wages are to be paid when the week's
work is done. Jobbers are also to -be
paid by the employer. . All grievances
arising between employer and employee
shall be settled bv a committee of three
men, of Union No. 11 and three of the
Master Bakers, the seventh man to be
disinterested person. Their decision
shall be final. . ,- . " ,
WOMEN WORKERS
IN NAVY YARDS
Campaign to Organize Them in
New England and -Elsewhere,
Also Women in Arsenals.
A special membership drive, to enlist
the thousands of women workers at the
U. S. raw vards and arsenals has been
undertaken as a result of cdnferences
in Washington during the past week
between officers of the National' Fed-,
eration of Federal Employees and the
presidents of local unions at several
such points. Miss Gertrude McNally,
general organizer for the Federation, is v'
in New York, to join forces "with
President John Fitzgerald, of the Fed
eral Employees' Union there and launch ,
this campaign among the office em
ployees and the women flagmakers, sail
makers, and life-preserver makers 'in
the Brooklyn navy yard.'
The pressing need for organization
of these women workers. Miss McNally "
states, is evidenced in the fact that, at
the navy vards and arsenals .women "are
not paid at the same rate that men" are
paid for work of corresponding skilL
Although the War and Navy Depart
ments have announced a policv of equal
pay for equal work, she points out that
the women employed in the nag and sail
lofts, and in various shops, at the dif
ferent arsenals are rated at a scale
which is lower for their skilled work
than is the wage paid to unskilled labor
done bv men.
In Philadelphia, a similar campaign
for women members, at the Schyulkill ,
arsenal and League Island navy yard.
being conducted under direction of
Secretary John D. Cloud and Miss
Emily Leonhardt of the Local Federal.
Employees LTnion. President Francis
Mccormick, of the local union at the
Naval Ammunition Depot at Hingham,
Mass, which has a 100 per cent, or-
ganization. will take up the campaign in
other New England cities, covering -Watertown
arsenal and the Boston navy
vard, in co-operation with President i
William J. Burke of the Boston Local. '
ater. Miss McNally will go to the
Rock Island, 111., arsenal, and " to the
Presidents c.. J . Dorgan and J. B. Webb.
at the local unions at those points. '
National Orsranizer K. E. Peabody
has just reported the organization of a
local at Watervliet arsenaL New York,
and Vice President Charles L. Wiegand,
of Baltimore, within the past week has
organized a union of the employees at
the Naval Academy at'Annapolis..
The English government is trvinsr to
prevent profiteering for at Nottingi
ham, t redenck 5 (joodhff e, a provision
merchant,' had to pay a 'fine and costs
of $1,700 for selling ham with bone in
at the price . of boneless liam. - -
Your Labor Press late? Phne us.

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