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THE CONNECTICUT LABOR PRESS
THE CONNECTICUT LABOR PRESS A NEWSPAPER FOR THE PEOPLE. Published by Connecticut Labor Press Company 286.283 York Street, New Haven, Conn. Telephone Colony 1082. Entered as second class matter December 2. 1916, at the postoffice at New Haven, Conn., under act of March 3, 1879. Three Cents per Copy $1.50 per Year NEW HAVEN, CONN. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1919 COL. ULLMAN'S SUDDEN LOSS OF POLITICAL ACUMEN IS SAD According to the New Haven Register Tuesday's sweeping defeat of the Republicans by the Democrats has led to a demand among some o f tile members of the former party that a new leader be chosen. The landslide indicates, the dissatisfied ones believe, that Col. Ullman has lost his touch with local political affairs. As au evidence of this thev point out, according to the Register's story, the Colonel's per sonal assurance to all coiners on election day that "everything is coming along finely we are winning everywhere." The picture thus painted of the Colonel, bewildered, lost and utterly misled up to the last minute on election day almost brings tears to the eyes of those who have in the past observed his sagacity in things political. It is all the more pathetic because, so far as the average observer has been able to note, there has been no noticeable falling off in the Colonel's powers of late and this sudden collapse of political acumen is most distressing. Previous to election there were those who were unkind enough to say that they didn't believe the Colonel gave a tinker's ' well, we'll say whoop for what happened to the city ticket so long as nothing intefrered with Congressman Tilson's re-election; it being intimated that the Democrats had intended to run Major Haggerty in opposition to the congressman had he not listened to the lure of the Republicans and consented to be the victim of Mayor FitzGer ald's undoubted popularity. According to this unkind view of the situation the Republican party managers might be just as well satisfied to have Mayor Fitz Gerald re-elected. The mayor himself was considered a very possible and very strong candidate to oppose Congressman Tilson before he was induced to run for mayor instead, so, as long as he remains safely in the mayor's chair, he is out of the way. Major Haggerty, with a bad defeat to his credit, is now also out of the way; espe cially as he could hardly be considered Democratic, timber now any how. So far as organized labor in New Haven is concerned, regard less of how the Colonel may "fit" with the rest of his party, it is safe to predict that no candidate fathered by him for any political office will receive enthusiastic support from the union men while the Colonel continues to maintain his unswerving antagonism toward the organization of the workers in the establishment which he represents. DEL A Y IN RA TIFYING PEACE TREA TY KEEPS COUNTR Y AT WAR Practically every normal international activity is in a state of "suspended animation" or Avorse because the peace treaty is not ratified. The fact is that the United States is technlaclly at war, though real war ceased months ago. Normal activity in our domestic life is impossible until the treaty is ratified. The channels of trade are choked and almost every avenue of human endeavor is affected. Meanwhile "wilfull" Senators in Washington amble amiably along in tortuous paths of partisan bickering, to the neglect of those higher and worthier activities to which Senators are supposed to address themselves. The fact is that Senatorial dignity is revealing the possibilities that lie in the directon of cheap and nasty politics when a real effort is made to achieve those unenviable depths. And as for the shallow pretense that there is popular objection to the treaty that seems fairly well dissipated by the President's tour. FALLING OFF IN COAL OUTPUT APPEARS TO BE UP TO OWNERS In his report to the Council of National Defense, Director Grosve nor Clarkson declares that there has been a marked falling off in coal production. His words are that America produced during war time a volume of coal which "she has not demonstrated the ability or disposition to parallel in the returning times of peace, with the reduced man power measurably possible of restoration." Reports to the convention of the United Mine Workers of Amer ica were to the effect that there is marked unemployment at the mines. For this unemployment the miners are not responsible. If there is unemployment, then there is nothing to show that the country has not the "ability" to produce coal and the "disposition" not to produce must lie with the mine owners. Meanwhile, anything that can be made to look like a coal short age is sure to be translated into higher prices which the people will be compelled to pay. CAREFUL BUYING AND THRIF1 CURBS HIGH COST OF LIVING Tli ere is a town down south, a manufacturing town, where, be fore the war, the factory pay rolls were more than $50,000 a week. The factories were the only reason for the existence of the town and th payroll MADE it. The factory workers got good wages union scale. They had fair working conditions and no trouble with the employers. But everybody in the town made money "tixeept the people who earned it snd were responsible for it. BECAUSE : The factories drew out the money for the payroll every Satur day morning and the bankers used to boast that it was all back in their vaults by Monday afternoon. The workers got their pay and half holiday at noon on Saturday. Then they leaped on old friend pay envelope and scattered it up and down the street. By Monday morning all that was left was a few thin dimes and a tired feeling and the merchants and others took the payrolls back to the banks and deposited them to their credits. The workers did not spend it all for necessities. They did not even buy what they really wanted. They just bought. Of course a grand little bunch of profiteers blossomed out along the business streets of that town and prices were HIGHER THAN A DRUM MAJOR'S CHIN because the men who earned the money never asked "How much?" They just said, "Wrap it up." And when a worker wanted to borrow from a bank, money was always tighter than a chorus girl's shoes. He had no credit, for he spent all he made. Then came the war, and the workers, patriotic to the core, started to buy what they really needed and put the remainder of the pay envelope into Liberty Bonds and War Savings Stamps. THEY HAD PART OF their wages on Monday and they had it in Government securities, where it was safe. They found they didn't have to borrow money to tide them over temporary difficulties. And because they didn't need to, THEY COULD BORROW. They had credit. Right now, if YOU spend money recklessly, for what you do not need and do not really want, if you buy regardless of price, you are helping the profiteers more than all the prosecutions can hurt them. You are helping kep up high prices; you are curtailing opportunities You are helping keep up high prices; you are curtailing opportunities But if you save and buy wisely; if you check waste and invest your savings in War Savings Stamps and Savings Certificates, where it is safe and working for you and where you can get it when you need it, you are aiding to increase production, to cut down the cost of living and to prevent the standard of living, of -which we boast, from being lowered. They won't brag that they let you keep your wages over Sunday. I Great Leaders of the I Union Labor Movement I GEORGE W. PERKINS President Cigarmakors' Internr.tional Union In all movements benefiting mankind are found men who never seek the lime liiilit, who feel that a good act accom plished for others is well repaid by the jov it gives. The labor movement lias Mich a character in George W. Perkins, who has been president of the Cigar makers' International Union since 1891. In that time, as editor of the Cigar makers' Journal he has persistently urged a better standard of living for all the people, and month after month has given practical remedies for con ditions in which he found causes for protest. There is no hypocrisy in Perkins. He is a cool, earnest thinker, and cannot be "rattled" or driven off the path he believes to be right by any force or influence. Under the laws of the cigar makers, until recently delegates to the American Federation of Labor had to be elected by referendum vote. While entitled to contest for the position, he held that as lie was president he should not attempt to hold another office while so many members held none. He there for never submitted his name as a can didate. But in 1912 the international union convention made him a delegate by virtue of office, and he has served ever since. In 1913 Mr. Perkins was sent as a delegate to the International Secretariat at Zurich. While in Europe he visited many countries and made a careful an alysis of labor conditions. His report was exhaustive and exposed the dread ful conditions under which many work ers of Europe lived. He showed con ditions were so much lower in standard than in the United States that the people of this nation were astonished. His report proved a stunning blow to the German propagandists, who had set up the Fatherland as the Paradise of workers. So complete and illuminating was this report that Air. Perkins has been appointed chairman of the committee on international labor relations at all American Federation of Labor conven tions since. The reports made by that committee have had much to do with keeping the American labor movement safe from courses fraught with irre parable havoc. In the last convention, Perkins show ed up a dangerous propaganda on part of the radicals, who were persistently discussing what had passed during the war and who obdurately refused to con sider what was best for the future. It was soon found that these delegates and outsiders were trying to divert the American Federation of Labor away from its reconstruction plans into criti cism of the war, of the methods fol lowed, and of the grievances of in dividuals against cither government officials or officers in 1 he army. Groups of these disturbers gathered here and lliere on the boardwalk and poured their venom into the ears of evcrv one who would listen. When the commit- tec on international labor relations made its report, which was written by Per kins, this stand was announced as a repudiation of the socialists and pro Germans who sought to use the Amer ican Federation of Labor : ' The past is gone forever. Autocracy and militarism, we hope are buried with it. The future is our immediate con cern. Ignoring what has gone before except so far as the lessons taught, we shall build along the lines of reason, judgment and the experiences gained." This was a setback to the radicals who died hard when the report was de bated. This is only an instance of the care that must be used by committees in safeguarding the Federation from its foes within. It is not always possi ble to tell what motives or outside in fluences are behind some of the resolu tions presented. The trained labor lead er, who seeks only the good of man kind, who sinks his own desires and in dividuality for the common good, gen erally pries out the stranger in the woodpile. But it requires a long ap prenticeship as a labor leader to be able thus to distinguish between the proposi tion. s presented. This one incident may show clearly what responsibility rests on the chair men of committees. But Perkins has had a most remarkable training. The Knights of Labor sought to destroy the Cigarmakers' International Union away back in 1887. It failed because trade unionism was too firmly established in the minds of the workers. Then the Socialist Labor party began a warfare upon the international in 1894 that brought to the surface al! the talent necessary for the Socialists' defeat. Perkins came through these struggles with his union intact. NATIONALV ASSOCIATION Central Office. Murray Bldg., Grand Rapids, Mich. Candler Bldg., 220 West 42nd Street, Xew York City. 43.3 Lemcke Bldg., Indianapolis, Indiana. The Xational Labor Press Association has exclusive charge of our foreign advertising. BARTENDERS DONATE $25. At the meeting of the Bartenders' Union of New Haven, Local No. 217, on Sunday afternoon, it was voted to donate $25 to the Connecticut Federa tion of Labor towards the fund for fitting up the new offices in New Haven for the use of the executive board. THE SPIRIT OF TRADE UNIONISM The world has recently suffered from the greatest and most destructive war in history. That conflict was waged against an autocratic system that sought to subject every people on the earth to a military despotism. Had the Prussian plans for world conquest succeeded, the right of free peoples to live their lives and work out their own destiny would have been crushed. The triumph of militarism and autocracy would have wiped out all opportunity for freedom generally. In all the world would have been left no room for the' evolution of a 'peaceful, sane and constructive labor movement; for the trade union move ment can live and properly develop only among free, democratic peoples. Recognizing this, trade unionism threw its tremendous organized strength into the war to defeat nohtical autoc racy and make the world safe for he orderly growth of a higher and yet higher civilization. Recognizing this, trade unionism un hestiatincdv repudiated the pro-German influences which sought to poison it with I. W. W. and anarchistic doctrines. and stood shoulder to shoulder with all those who fought for human freedom and opportunity to grow as we believe God intends mankind to grow. Out of that great conflict men from every station in life have emerged with some new concept of the solidarity of civilization, some new recognition of the human rights of each soul, and some new f-ision of the practical possibilities of the brotherhood of mankind when all autocracy and militarism shall have been banished from the world and re placed by democratic liberty and con ttructive co-operation Out of that mighty struggle the trade unionist especially has emerged with some new enlightenment as to the great er meaning of democracy, with new appreciation of his rightful place and responsibilities in the relations of in dustrial life, and with new courage re inforcing his determination that the principles upon which were won the victory of civilization in the field . of politics shall finally preail as well in the field of industry. The trade union is not an advocate of socialism, but of democracy, says The Labor Review of Dayton, Ohio 1 here are many socialists wno are members of trade unions, but the trade union knows no political party. The socialist member who holds his par- l tisan allegiance above his loyalty to the degree not a trade unionist. He is working for political revolution and not industrial evolution. He is hoping to gain through political acticn some of the things that can be achieved only through the mutual understanding and co-operative effort of employers and employees. The trade union is the uncomprom ising foe of anarchy, under whatever name it may present its doctrines of violence and destruction. It seeks to build up, not to tear down. In so far as any member of a trade union advo cates violence in the settlement of an industrial dispute, in so far that mem ber has failed to understand the spirit of the trade union that permeates the labor movement of today has failed to catch the vision that the world war for political democracy has unfolded for the peaceful guidance of mankind into industrial democracy. The trade union does not advocate a soviet form of government, nor any other measures to overthrow the politi cal system of our country. In the great war for the safety of democratic gov ernment in the world the trade unions amply proved their loyalty. What it does advocate is more democracy the progressive application of the principles of democracy to the relations of indus trial life. Trade unionism does not desire strikes, and no progressive trade union will authorize a strike until every other legitimate means ot securing the Hist settlement of a dispute has failed. There are occasional unjustifiable strikes, per haps. Unfortunately there is in some trade unions a proportion of the mem bership (nearly always a small minor ity) composed of men who are gov erned by prejudice rather than reason, or who for partisan purposes seek to force a strike, and these are sometimes able to sway the passions of others to the defeat of the principles of justice and equity upon which the trade union rests. Unfortunately, also, there is among employers an even greater pro portion of men who are governed by an unreasoning prejudice against trade unions, and a blind adherence to the discredited theory of despotism in in dustry; and the medieval attitude of such men is in fact the real provoca tive of most strikes. In almost every case an amicable agreement could be readied if the sane-minded representa tives of both sides would get together on the basis of common justice, human understanding and mutual good will. The ideals of progressive trade union ism are not "visionary" in the degraded sense of that term. They are solidly built of the mcst practical elements of human life, and founded upon the service which working people in every phase of productive effort render to societv service which is essential to civilization itself. They are ideals not materially different from those glimpsed by thousands of enlightened employers today who are sincerely, if often blund eringly, seeking some way to realize them. None of us, employers or em ployees, have yet attained to those ideals, but all of us may indeed, must work together toward their practical fulfillment. "Without vision the people perish." Without intelligent co-operation civil ization breaks up into anarchy. The spirit of trade unionism is not revolu tionary, but evolutionary. MICKIE SAYS NEXT WEEK'S MEETINGS. SUNDAY. Custom Tailors 150 Crown street. Locomotive Engineers Odd Fellows' Hall, 10:30 a. m. MONDAY. Carpenters No. 79 Trades Council Hall, 8 p. m. Plumbers and Steam Fitters Trades Council Hall, 8 p. m. Machinists' Helpers, Railroad Insur ance Building. Carpenters, No. 1742 Labor Lyceum, 8 p. m. TUESDAY. Cigarmakers Trades Council Hall, 8 p. m. Sheet Metal Workers Trades Coun cil Hall, 8 p. m. WEDNESDAY. Painters No. 409 Trades Council Hall, 8 p. m. Electrical Workers, Railroad Acad emy Hall. Wood Carvers 129 George street. THURSDAY. Trades Council, Trades Council Hall, 8 p. m. Corset Workers Trades Council Hall, 8 p. m. Printing Pressmen Eagle Hall Watch and Clock Workers Insur ance Building. Machinists 119 Crown street, 8 p. m. FRIDAY. Polishers and Buffers Trades Coun cil Hall, 8 p. m. SATURDAY. Electrical Workers, Outside Trades Council Hall, 8 p. m. INTRODUCED INNOVATION. Atlantic City, N.J..Oct. 10. The state federation which opened its sessions in this city Tuesday introduced an innova tion, by inviting representatives of cap ital as well as lalxir officials to address its delegates during its sessions. Among those invited is the president:- of the New Jersey Chamber of Commerce, the Alanutacturers' Association and the Manufacturers' Council. President Gompers is also expected to address the federation during its meeting. Read the advertisements and patron ize the business houses who advertise in labor's own paper The Connecticut Labor Press. r -there are snm-les n T -There a,r.e smi-i Jj PLENTV OP AOS -there, are snm-les IN PfOD-A.HEfO SUBSCRIPTIONS THEN ARE SKAV-VES MVUCH NENJEU. DO CONE OFF U-LES M sfi A1-L6S r ( caw ifr SUCrHRS. LEGAL NOTICE. To the Board of County Commission ers of New Haven County : I hereby apply for the transfer of a restaurant license to sell Spirituous and Intoxicating Liquors, Ale, Lager Beer,, Rhine Wine and Cider, from 35-37 Cen ter street to 35-37 Center street, City of New Haven. My place of business is not located within 200 feet in a direct line of a Church Edifice or Public or Parochial School, or the premises per taining thereto, or any Post Office, Pub lic Library or Cemetery. Dated at New Haven this 9th day of September A. D. 1919. JAMES G. CERIANI, Applicant. We, the undersigned, are electors and taxpayers, owning real estate, of the City, of New Haven, and hereby sign and endorse the foregoing application of James G. Ceriani for a license, and hereby certify that said applicant is a suitable person to be licensed pursuant to said application. Dated at New Haven this 9th day of September A. D. 1919. Joseph F. Ready, 173 West Rock ave. ; Ernest Kannezurm, 100 College st. ; Burton U. Wrard, 73 Hubinger st. ; Wilfred Lugurwade, 28 Hubinger st. ; David Lorenze, 207 Lafayette st. Pharmacy No. . To the Board of County Commission ers of New Haven County: I hereby apply for a transfer of a Sixty-five Dollars (65) class Druggist License to sell Spirituous and Intoxi cating Liquors, Ale, Lager Beer, Rhine Wine and Cider to be sold on the pre scription of a practicing physician and not to be drunk on the premises. In quantities not exceeding one gallon. Except other than distilled liquors and those in quantities not exceeding five gallons and alcohol in quantities less than five gallons. At No. 35 Kimberly Avenue, City of New Haven. Dated at New Haven this 29th day of September A. D. 1919. WALTER BECKWITH, Mgr. for Marx Pharmacy. We, the undersigned, are electors and taxpayers, owning real .estate, of the City of New Haven, and hereby sign and" endorse the foregoing application of Walter J. Beckwith for a Druggist's License, and hereby certify that said applicant is a suitable person to be licensed pursuant to said application. Dated at New Haven this 29th day o September A. D. 1919 Joseph C. Panes, 15 Kimberly ave.; Fred'k W. Arlo, 236 Dwight st. ; F. E. Whitaker, 394 Howard ave. ; Thomas H. Williams. 104 Kimberly ave. ; George Fletcher, 279 Howard ave. THAT Great Advertising Authority Printers Ink The Leading Publication of It's Kind in America, Says That A LABOR PAPER Is a Far Better Advertising: Medium Than an Ordinary Newspaper in com parison of Circulation. The Connecticut Labor Press Gives It's Advertisers the Co-Operation of Thousands of Members of Or ganized Labor. Every Reader Has a Reason for Patronizing Those Who Advertise in Labor's Own Newspaper. ADDITiOSMA LABOR'S BUYING GUIDE Merchants who have joined the New Haven Trades Council in the great Campaign of Co-Operation Between the Business Men of New Haven and Organized Labor. Also See Buying Guide on Page 2. Watch This List It Is Growing Daily BAKERIES Federal System of Bakeries, 00 Orange St. Mory's (Barker Svstem) Bakery, 392 State St. BUILDING CONTRACTORS The Larkin-Carey Co., 166 Brewery St., New Haven. CIGARS The Gillespie Drug Co., 2 stores, 744 Chapel St., and 63 Chapel St. CIGAR MANUFACTURERS Lewis Osterweis & Sons, 18-20-22 Church St. CLOTHIERS Adams Clothes Shop, 966 Chapel St. COAT, APRON AND TOWEL SUPPLY. New Haven Coat, Apron and Towel Supply, 63-69 Lock St. Phone C-2628. DRUGGISTS The Gillespie Drug Co., 2 stores, 744 Chapel St., and 63 Chapel St. blSON PHONOGRAPHS The Edison Shop, The Pardee-Ellen-berger Co.. Props., 964 Chapel St. FEDERAL BREAD Federal System of Bakeries, 60 Orange FROZENDESSERTS Semon Ice Cream Co., 110 Bristol St. GAS HEATERS AND RANGES The Curtiss & Pierpont Co., 272-278 Elm St. GENERAL CONTRACTORS" The Larkin-Carey Co., 166 Brewery St. HOT BREAD HOURLY Federal System of Bakeries, 60 Orange St. Mory's (Barker System) Bakery, 392 State St. ICE CREAM WHOLESALE Semon IcejCream Co., 110 BristolSt LAUNDRIES FLAT. Majestic Laundry Co., 63-69 Lock St Phone C-2628. LAUNDRIES SHIRTS AND COLLARS. Majestic Laundry Co., 63-69 Lock St Phone C-2628. LAUNDRIES WET WASH.- Majestic Laundry Co., 63-69 Lock St Phone C-2628. MASON CONTRACTORS The Larkin-Carey Co., 166 Brewery St. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Hit Edison Shop, The Pardee-Ellen-berger Co., Props., 964 Chapel St. OSTERWEIS CIGARS Lewis Osterweis & Sons, 18-20-22 Church St. PHONOGRAPHS And RECORDS The Edison Shop, The Pardee-Ellen-herger Co., Props., 964JZhapel St PLUMBING AND HEATING The Curtiss & Pierpont Co., 272-278 Elm St. ICE CREAM Semon Ice Cream Co., 110 Bristol St. PRESCRIPTIONS The Gillespie Drug Co., 2 stores, 74 i Chapel St., and J33Chapel St. RUBBER CLOTHING Ailing Rubber Co, 7-9-13 Church St. New Haven Rubber Store, 819 Chapel SAVINGS BANKS Connecticut Savings Bank, Corner Church and Crown Sts. SEMON 'S ICE CREAM John Semon can't make all the Ice Cream so he makes the T3est at J 10 Bristol St TIRES AND TUBES Ailing Rubber Co., 7-9-13 Church St New Haven Rubber Store, 819 Chapel St. Watches - Clocks - Jewelry REPAIRING A SPECIALTY J. WASSERMAN a s tore for union men 94 WASHINGTON AVENUE wo t t Cape Cod Country t i t Z Quaint, wonderful country awaits you on the Cape Plymouth, Provincetown, Barnstable and Sandwich are but a few of the towns that offer you a delightful vacation. Plymouth, where our Pilgrim fathers landed, proves intense ly interesting. You can visit the famous Plymouth Rock, the site of the first fort and Miles Standish's home. Inland, on the lakes, you will find excep tionally fine bass and pickerel fishing. Our Vacation Club Will pay for your vacation on the Cape. It is a great country and well worth while visiting. You will never regret it, we know. JOIN NOW GO NEXT SUMMER Merchants National Bank CHAPEL ' AT STATE STREET t t z t t t i t X t t DEMAND THIS BLUE BUTTON When Served at a Cafe. Bartenders' Union, Local No. 217, New Haven ASKS YOUR MORAL SUPPORT Quality First MATHUSHEK Player Pianos Inspection Solicited 193 Church Street M t j Have You Renewed 4 1 1 Your Subscription for The Connecticut Labor Press ?