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THE CONNECTICUT LABOR PRESS
AMERICAN ARMY SENDS BACK GERMAN PRISONERS KWBrt I! Government Ownership and Operation Will Demonstrate Its Infeasibility By John W. Weeks, Former United States Senator From Massachusetts KIT If ... JI E" I llL LB IfcJxl mM bis own labor. The cost of of production is be high as long as 1 2tl I t to move urv and : 0 loonc tie men in the other walks of life content. Then there are men who S.--!-.:'. Bi. V - fc rate of pay they know some one else is getting. "When the city resident feels that he is paying an exorbitant price f oi come food product, h must remember that the farmer has frequently serious losses which must bo added to the cost of production or there will bePno production. ; Altogether I find a great number of interesting problems in connec tion with trying to farm as I am doing it I have a suspicion that those who have told me that farming along the lines I am pursuing cannot be doae profitably may be right, but I am going to give it a good test and learn1 some things from definite experience which are surmised by most people. as If I And that farming under the conditions I am attempting to carry a is a failure from the financial standpoint, is it not reasonable to sup pose that even an enterprise of this kind, undertaken on even 6uch a small scale where the labor is not furnished by- the employer personally, is a mafl-illustration of the futility of attempting large enterprises under airallar conditions as, for example, in matters of government ownership Kid operation, where" all labor and all materials used must be purchased? ?4If the individual cannot do this profitably on a small scale, how is it possible for the government to do it, knowing as we do that every step . ike government takes is a little more expensive than that taken by a corporation ;or individual? - ' iI thmk that it is dawning upon even those who have been advocating gaTernment ownership and operation that it is impossible for it to conduct industrial operations economically. Of course the cost, in many cases, Kay be passed along to the public, and, in all cases, in the end the public pays for the excessive cost, whether the operation is conducted by the farmer, manufacturer, or the government. But if the post of government production is greater than in the case of a corporation or individual, why should .the, public be content or willing to accept the general proposition f government qvfnership and operation ? ! I am satisfied that, as. far as possible, we-must get back to the indi vidual .who" personally conducts his enterprise. The one-man farm will Wimore popular and more successful than a farm of any other size or haracter.V People must necessarily, .with the reduced number of hours which employees work, live, more simply, and, perhaps, that result is desirable. ', ... t Remains for "the Atlantic Ha$Been Crossed? -t. . '-. bmbibbsmbsbbbbsbbbbssbbsb , V By HENRY WOODHOUSE Aerial League c America What does there remain to be done by the airplane now that the Atlantic has been crossed?, i should say that the magnificent flights of the American and British aviators have just opened the tremendous pos sibilities for aerial achievements. Here are a few of the things still to be if Cross th Atlantic by direct flights from the United States to Eng ia, Franco and Italy, Carry one thousand pounds of mail in a nonstop direct 'fiight -from-the United. States to England, thereby demonstrating 12 utilitarian value t)f transatlantic air lines. j -"ifiUSsi "a"&otu3tor .'flight, trom. New York to San Francisco first, then carry a thousand pounds of mail or passengers on subsequent flights. Fly irom Jifew York'to Sn Francisco within one day's daylight. Cross the jjorth pole from Cape Columbia to Cape Chelyuskin, as proposed and planned by Capt. Bobert A. Bartlett. Fly to Hawaii. Fly to the Philippines. " Fly across the Pacific. ;' Complete the aerial conquest of the Atlantic by flying it by each of tto following' routes : (a) By way of the Azores, then to Madeira, then to either Spain or Africa, (b) From South America to Barbados and across to the Canaries. (c) -From Cape Orange to Cape Verde and then to the African coast.' (d) From Peraambuoo to St. Paul islands, then either to Gape Verde or straight to the African coast, (e) By way of Greenland and Iceland to the Faroe islands and from. there to England. Fly to Australia and New Zealand. Fly across Alaska and demon strate how aerial transportation will help that rich country. Fly from the United States to Brazil and the Argentine and also from the United Etafes to Chile and Peru and other Latin-American countries and show thf inarvelous possibilities of aerial transportation in South and Cen tral America. . v Professional Women Get Their Only Pleasure by Associating With Men By Miss Estelle Berline, Physical Expert Our women "cto not walk. The rich ones won't, and the poor ones are too tired, vrith wbrkl t)ancing is the only exercise. It is a passive exercise. ',,. "I have had success in getting factory girls out on a hike. But they won't hike in the city in hiking clothes. They are afraid they look ridiculous. - : Most women are afraid that, if they become athletic, they will be unpopular with men ; and if they wear exercising clothes, they will look mannish and lose the admiration of men. The trouble with professional women is that most of their pleasure comes from association with men, in dancing and going to the theaters. That makes them vain about their appearance, and then they don't want to wear athletic and easy clothes. Mrs. Emmeline Pankhurst. The women of the world must fight bolshevism to a finish. It strikes directly at their welfare. Russia is an '-example of this. The nationalization of women has been practiced there. Bolshevism also will rob women of their family life. It is the grossest form of materialism. - John M. Glenn, Secretary of the Illinois ManufactureM' Associa tion There is no reason for any clash between the city and the country. All that is necessary is for us city people to start work one hour earlier and quit one hour earlier. If some of our big business organizations will take up this plan it probably can be adopted. Tke labor question is difficult to adjust fairly to the laborer and to the employer, and no less difficult on the farm than elsewhere. The laborer must remember that in the end he is paying for the excessi cost of living will be high as log as the coat high, and the cost of production will the cost of living is high. They hare down together. 1 1 L- ala-rk-a a Tin TITm Pi;lflTlH.I men. CHJ not get the increase in wages to the same degree that do, and it produces hardships and dis refuse to work unless they can get the Aviation, Now That 2' I Mf-f av So tf, ' H-C2St" 4?. m M .- - --:" li. iPk 7Jr- rne American army abroad nas Vepatriated tbe 37,000 German prisoners France, without waiting for the official Is here seen leaving the stockade. AN TO UVA Washington, D. C. American edu cators are launching a movement to raise funds t rebuild the famous li brary f the University of Louvain, iestroyed by the German invaders early in the war. The city of Louvain, the "Oxford of the low countries," is aescribed . in the following bulletin from, the Washington headquarters of Ihe National Geographic society: , "Not only the University of Louvain, but the city is an object lesson In Belgium and France by the German trmy. Early In 1915 a group of uni versity professors of other countries jlrew up a petition expressing strong bdignation and abhorrence at the wholesale destruction of ancient build ings that has marked the invasion of Belgium and France by the Ger man army" and protesting in the strongest terms against the continu ance of s barbarous and reckless a policy. " ', German Professors Make Reply. To this, a group of German univer sity professors, among them Gerhart Hauptmann, Max Reinhardt and Ru dolph Eucken, replied that it was not true that their troops had treated Bel- glum brutally but that an way, we most decidedly refuse to buy a Ger man defeat at the cost of saving a w6rk of art.' "If Louvain has contributed little to scientific achievement it had a tre mendous" effect upon philosophic and religious thought. It has been said that the city's chief product was the ology. But Germany's contempt for that kind of culture is reflected un consciously in Baedeker's guidebook pf 1910, which describes it is 'a dull place with 42,200 inhabitants.' Thus the German guide casually dismisses the cradle of Belgian inde pendence, an early home of the Euro pean weaving industry, and a treasure bouse f marvelous art works. In one Of his most famous pastorals. Cardinal Mercler, now a visitor in the United States, describes the havoe wrought In Louvain thus: "'In this dear "city" of Louvain, per petually in my thoughts, the magnifi cent Church of St. Peter will never re cover Its former splendor. The an cient College of St. Iv.es, the art schools, the consular and commercial schools of the university, the old mar kets, our rich library with Its collec tions, its unique and unpublished man PL LG REMOVE WAR'S SCARS France Has Already Rebuilt 60,000 Houses. Much cf Railroad and Canal Systems Have Been Put Into Shape Again. , Oapt. Andre Tardieu, member of the French Peace commission, has given interesting figures on the reconstruc tion work accomplished since the armi stice. Sixty thousand of the 550,000 houses wrecked by shell-fire have been rebuilt; 2,016 kilometers of the 3,246 kilometers of railway destroyed have been repaired and 700 of the 1.675 kil ometers of canals rendered useless are again in commission. Of the 1,160 plants destroyed, 588 have been re paired. r Equally remarkable progress is be ing made in restoring to cultivation in the devastated regions the vast Stina of 17-Year Locust Kills Pennsylvania Baby Reading, Pa. The sting of a" seventeen-year locust caused the death of the two-months-old baby of Mr. and Mrs. Warren Kunkel, Kempton. The injury was discovered when the mother went to the infant's crib In the morning. The baby's face was swollen. The mother picked it up and found the locust In the clothing. Physicians worked over the child several hours in a vain effort to save its life. Tests in Ireland by scientists have mown that the wind caries some dis sase bacteria 200 feet and as high as J0 feet into the air. Experts have estimated that 20,000, 000 tons of paper pulp can be produced each year from India's bamboos and grasses. ratification of the senate of the peace U N LIBRA uscripts, its archives, its , gallery of great portraits of illustrious rectors, chancellors, professors dating from the time of its foundation, which pre served for masters and students alike a noble tradition, and were an incite ment in their studies, all this accumu lation of intellectual, of historic and of artistic riches, the fruits of the la bors of five centuries all is In dust.' "The city of Louvain ever will be remembered as the scene of the grant ing to the Belgian people by Duke Wenceslaus of the 'joyous entry,' and the university will be associated with that character's preservation, more than four centuries later, when Kaiser Joseph, the 'crowned anarchist' of Aus tria, tried to deprive Belgians of their ancient rights. "The circumstances of that resist ance form one more bond of union be tween Belgium and the United States of America, for it took place just ten . 8 3 RY aos Barren Coast Seattle, Wash. An American ex plorer, Harold Noice, formerly a mem ber of Stefansson's party, is working his way eastward on foot along the route of the northern rim of the con tinent, according to word received here. He expects to reach the Hud son Bay country and civilization some time next summer. Storker Storkerson, formerly sec ond in command of the Stefansson party, who arrived here recently from the far North, said that Noice, ac companied ' only by Eskimos, is pro ceeding slowly and mapping portions of the coast lines as he goes. A stretch of th coast line of Victoria Land, heretofore unmapped, Is being charted by him. Noice may visit the interior of Vic toria Land, which, according to all reports, has never , been explored by white men. All exDlorers. traders and trappers who have touched Vic toria Land have journeyed along Its, shores only. Stefassson round tne tribe of "blond Eskimos" in the Vic toria Land country. Noice has no ship and but few sup plies. He depends almost entirely areas which the end of the war left with their rich surface soil plowed un der by artillery, sown with dangerous unexploded shells and cut up by trench es ahd thousands of miles of rusting barbed wire. The devastated area em braced 4,500,000 acres. Of this ap proximately 1,000,000 acres have been returned to the farmers and 500,000 acres are ready for seed. More than 6,000 miles of barbed wire have been disentangled and carried away In the operation. Commissioner Tardieu added that a country which had lost nearly 2,000, 000 workers, killed or incapacitated by war; which had been deprived by invasion of one-fifth of Its productive capital and which nevertheless of Its own efforts had accomplished such a showing had a right to rely on the ef fective help of its allies to restore completely its economical and financial status. NEW RAIL CONTROL IN FRANCE "Committee of Exploitation" Put Charge of Lines by Govern, ment Decree. in Paris. A decree Instituting the "committee of exploitations" to have control of the railroads in France will appear in the Journal Official tomor row. This is In accordance with the plan of M. Claveille, -iiinister of public works, which provides for the collabo ration of representatives of com- Llke the Service. Junction City, Kan. Evidently the ex-members' of the Seventh division, a regular unit, like the service. The di vision Is being demobilized here. So many of the men have re-enlisted that something like 470 officers have been ordered held here to command the re organized units now being formed. Practically half of those re-enlisting are going back Into their old units. tn the prison ramp at Issy-sur-Tilla, treaty. A big batch of the prisoner years after the Declaration of Inde pendence was signed, an act which left a deep impress upon the Belgians. "It will be recalled that Emperor Joseph, brother of Marie Antoinette, had tried to abolish Etolland frontier forts. He won a temporary v victory because Holland at that time was em broiled with Great Britain over the former's recognition of the United States of America. "Next he turned to Belgium with a project for reforming the ehurch. but the Belgians were determined that such reformation should not be im posed from without. When the Bel gians resisted he declared its consti tution annulled, sent an armed force into the country, and was met with a declaration that he no longer was duke of Brabant, and that the Belgians henceforth would be an independent people, to be known as the United States of Belgium. "Though the Belgian United States was short lived, largely . because the great powers of Europe declined to set a precedent by recognizing it, and encouraged Joseph's successor . ln: re conquering it, the seed of Independence thus planted by the historic university bloomed . again a half eentury later. and revealed itself gloriously in 1914.' upon his gun for his living. Stefans- son his former chief, who is noted among explorers as being able to live off the barren white lands of the North, probably taught Noice how to .get. about without carrying many sup plies. Nolce's parents live In Seattle. The explorer is young ,in years, having graduated from a high school here about eight years ago. He went North in 1912 with Capt. Louis Lane on the schooner Polar Bear. When Stefans son bought the Polar Bear from Lane Noice shipped as a member of the crew. Later, when Stefansson de cided to return to the outside world, Noice left the party and remained ia the North. His parents expect him to return to Seattle next year. Will Awards Five Cents. Mlddletown, N. Y. Among wins just probated In surrogate court' at Goshen is that of Mrs. Annie Davidson of New burgh, who leaves her small estate to her children and the sum of five cents each to several grandchildren. The will says: "If any one makes aay trouble they will get nothing;" PAPER MONEY PUZZLES SLAVS Currency in Such a Scrambled Condi tion That It Hurts Business of Country. Belgrade. Not the least of the Ills that beset .Tugo-Slavia is the scram bled condition of its paper currency. The paper money of half a dozen countries is in circulation In various parts of the kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. In Belgrade It self the "krone" of Austrian ances try is still the unit by which all com modities are priced. The situation is further complicated by the fact that the ratio of exchange between the different moneys varies from day to day. Indirectly, the chaotic currency situation has aggravated the problem of provisioning the country by im peding the movement of surplus food stuffs from one section to another. Farmers who possess a surplus which they would willingly sell under stable money conditions decline to barter them for paper whose value Is one thing today and another tomorrow. merce and industry or railway work ers with the heads of departments and directors in the management of the roads. The committee will comprise a high er official of each line as president, the operating managers of all lines, three representatives of commerce and industry designated by the minister of public works and three representa tives of the employees, also designated by the minister. Drink Aged Wine. Reading, Pa. Alderman and Mrs. Oliver .7. Wolff celebrated their golden wedding anniversary the other day by giving n dinner to their children and members of their families. There were thirty-eight guests. One of t- fures of the event was the servint. -,f a pint of wine fifty years old. whirl) was part of the wine served at tlx i' marriage fifty years ago. It instead of a gem, or even a .lower, we could east the gift of a lovelr thought in the heart of a friend, that would be giving as the angela give. George MacDonald. THINGS WORTH REMEMBERING. When going upstairs place the" whole foot on the stnir and keep th body erect; this manner of climbing stairs will not strain any muscle unduly. A dish mop used for washing dishes is a great saving on the hands as the v water may be usod much hotter and the process is finished quicker. When raisins and prunes stick to the paper which wraps them, hold them a moment near the steam of a tea-kettle. A baby, no matter how young, should be given frequent drinks of sterilized water. A bottle Is the best way to give it until the child is old enough to drink from a cup. Orange Juice for babies, given be tween meals, is a most wholesome and refreshing drink. A harmless laxative which will be a pleasure to the children to take is the following: Grind through a meat grinder one pound each of figs, dates, raisins and softened prunes, with five .cents worth of senna leaves. Mix and knead well, form into a loaf and wrap In waxed paper ; keep In a cool place. For a child a piece the size of a pecan Is sufficient; adults may take a larger piece. This will keep for weeks, is en tirely harmless and much less expen sive than ' many drugs sold for the purpose. Add preserved citron to the mince meat ; It adds greatly to the flavor of this time-honored pie filling ; the citron melon which Is home prepared, not that used for cake. f Citron melon, if grated before pre serving, may be used for many dainty dishes or garnishes for ices, giving a delicate flavor well liked and adding to the variety of good things as welL One may boil a pudding in a double boiler instead of in the old-time pud ding bag. Line the upper part of the boiler with oiled paper, turn in the pudding and it will come out in good form. When It is necessary to clean up holstered furniture indoors, cover with a dampened cloth and beat; the dust elings to the cloth. Coffee custard is prepared by steep ing two tablespoonfuls . of ground coffee in two cupfu7Sarof milk; then strain, add the eggs and sug&r and cook as usual. There is only one way to get ready for immortality, and that la to love this life and live it as bravely and faithfully and cheerfully as we can. Henry Van Dyke. GAME IN SEASON. A young tender rabbit is a delicious dish when properly cooked and served. Wash and wipe the meat carefully; cut in serving sized pieces; brown in a little fat, then add water and two tablespoonfuls of vinegar, cooking slow ly until tender. Thicken the gravy and serve as one does fricasseed chicken. If an older rab bit is to be cooked, it should be par boiled In water with a tablespoonful or two of vinegar until tender, then brown as above. Roast Wild Duck. Clean and truss the duck; sprinkle well with salt and pepper and cover the breast with thin strips of salt pork. Place on a rack in a dripping pan or roaster; add a little water to the pan; place In a hot oven and cook for half an hour. Baste at least five, times during the roasting. Serve with currant jelly. An onion or two may be put into the cavity of the bird, or a bunch of cel ery, removing before serving. These flavors add much to the flavor of a wild duck. Most epicures agree that the highly-seasoned stuffings overpow er the delicate flavor of the bird. For those who still cling to the method of stuffing, the following will be enjoyed : Raisin Stuffing. Soak one quart of bread crumbs in cold water and squeeze dry ; add two well-beaten eggai. one teaspoonful of salt, two table spoonfuls of chopped parsley, one cup ful of chopped raisins and one-half cupful of chopped celery. Roast Venison. Rub the roast all over with the cut side of a lemon; lard it with strips of fat salt pork, and roast 15 minutes to the pound, basting occasionally; cook until tender but rare, serve witn spieea grape Jeilv. If one cares to improve the flavor, add small chopped onion and carrot to the roasting pan. Rabbit With Vegetables. place a thick layer of onions in a casserole, then a layer of rabbit cut in serving sized pieces, a sifting of flour and seasoning and smother layer of onions. and rabbit until all is used. Cover and cook in a moderate oven. As no moisture (except that in the mixture), is added. care must be tak en to keep it from scorching. Serve with mashed potatoes. Cheer Up and Gear Up. It takes cheers and gears to make this old world go. The average man lias so many things that hold him back that he is in danger of giving up. But the great men of the age are the prod uct of trial. They come through the furnace tried and fitted for life's ob stacles because they have dared face the, up-grades with a smile. Emerson says, "Nature, when, she adds difficul ties, adds brains." That may not seem to be true while we are under trial, 'jut the saying holds in the, long run. The happy state of miad so rarely possessed in which we can say 1 have enough." is the highest attainment of philosophy. Happiness consists not in possessing much but ia being content with what we possess. He who wants little always has enough. Zimmer man. MILK DESSERTS. Milk, the food best suited to ch!V dren, makes the best of foundation for wholesome desserts, gootf for the young, wholesome for those of weakened di gestion. A smooth, nice custardi may be made using two eggs and a pint of milk. If one wishes to have, the custard thick enough to mold, three to four eggs should be added. The more egg the more nutriment, so it is a dish to be recommended when eggs are at all rea sonable la price. Baked Custard. eat four ggf slightly, add a half cupful of sugar and a quart of fresh milk. Cook ovef water In the oven, sprinkling in a bit ot cinnamon, nutmeg or any flavor de sired. A pinch of salt should also be added to all milk dishes. Do not allow the water to boll at any time during the baking or the custard will whey. Any egg and milk combination should always be cooked at a low tempera ture. To test the custard to know when it is done dip a knife into the center; If It comes out clean the cus tard Is ready to be taken from the oven and hot water. If the 'cups are allowed to stand outside the oven in the water they will often overcook. Ginger Custard. Line buttered cn tard cups with pieces of canton gin ger, then pour in a thick custard, pslng four eggs to a pint of milk, a third of a cup of sugar, a fourth, of a , teaspoohf ul of salt and Jtwo tea spoonfuls of vanilla. Beat "the eggsr slightly,, add sugar,, salt, rank and flavoring and strain Into the mould or moulds. Set in hot water and bake until firm. Serve with a spoonful of canton ginger sirup poured over eac.r serving. ' Caramel Custard. Melt in a smooth omelet pan one-half cupful of sugar, add gradually four cupfuls of scalding hot milk and stir until the caramel is dissolved. Beat five eggs, add half teaspoonful of salt, a teaspoonful of vanilla and strain into a mould rinsed in cold water. Bake as usual. Serve with a caramel sauce. No man or woman of the humblest sort can really be strong, gentle, purs ami good without somebody being ' helped and comforted by the very ex istenee of that goodness. Phillips Brooks. SOUR MILK AND CREAM DISHES. Cooked food. made from sour milk lor sour cream has a flavor and texture which is especially good. Cakes made with cream of sour milk keep better and improve in fla vor. " - ' Waffles. Mix and sift one cupful of flour, a half tea spoonful of salt and one and one-half teaspoonfuls of baking powder. Beat one egg, add. one cupful of sour milk, then the flour mixture; beat well; add a teaspoonful of soda dissolved In half a tablespoonful of water, and when well mixed add a tablespoonful of butter; beat again aad cook on a hot waffle iron. Serve hot with maple sirup. Sour Milk Biscuit. Mix and. sift to gether one quart of flour, one tea spoonful of soda, one teaspoonful each of salt and sugar; cut in two table spoonfuls of shortening and moisten with one and one-half cupfuls of sour milk. Roll-out and bake in- a hot oven. Serve with honey or ' maple sirup. Boston Brown Bread. Mix thor oughly, one cupful each of whole wheat flour, cornmeal, and graham flour. Mix two cupfuls of sour milk and one-half cupful of molasses and a teaspoonful of salt with one teaspoonful of soda. Stir In the dry Ingredients, beating thoroughly. Turn Into well-buttered baking powder cans and steam two hours. Remove' the covers and dry out in the oven for. 15 minutes. Raisins and nuts may be added if desired. Cut m neat slices, using a string. Spoon Bread. Take one piat of coarse white cornmeal, half a teaspoon ful of salt, and enough boiling water to taake a smooth paste. Add one egg. one cupful of sour mljk or buttermilk, and a half teaspoonfal of soda. Beat until smooth; pour into a hot, wvU buttered baking dish and then bake quickly. Scur Cream Cookies. Cream half a cupful of shortening with one and one half cupfuls of sugar; add two beaten eggs, half a cupful of sour cream, one teaspoonful of soda and flour to roll; flavor with nutmeg and chill before rolling. And, besides brains, you must have a reasonable measure of good cheer. It's so easy to go down because there Is nothing in the mind to add resistance to the constant thud of adversity. You must cheer up as well as gear up if you are going to win. Henpecked. Beats the Cackling Kind. English paper: "A Tooting hen Is laying two eggs a day." A Tooting hen ah, probably a leehorn. Boston .Transcript.