Newspaper Page Text
CONNECTICUT LABOR PRESS i The eost of living Is reflected in th le&l&lng coat-tails of respectability. i Perhaps prices will eventually tire of jcolae uphill and slide fer a while, t Bter see the motto, "Live and Let lite," n the wall of a butcher shop? Tmm to no evidence te prove that there la even $4.50 worth tf wool in a $99 Bettor to head th te. oil before it staffs than to fight tt aftar It i wn- 4t VfJ. ! Tfvr ew people who want a rsoxtaf are abl to MtplaUi el early rtflu It Je. FipasQipa would have held Chair awn ln.j?oJMi favor if butter mCm esert- ita"&mm tor rood. Ggt e the Krupp sua fields la to be jtmNd over to agricvltvre. Shold (raiae sood popcorn. Hie eapture of Petropavlovsk by the txslshevikl can never be regurdad as a ttreoounced vlciory. " '' f i ... . Belgium needs more cash, says a Bspaleh, Belgium is eafferlng from the anlversal affliction. , Tvrfcey Is reported as facias chaos, iwfcitih should appear like an old fa tmSar acquaintance to a Tar. ffisa so many accusations of proflt rett?3 floating about somebody ought .te setting Into trouble soon. "fW often It happens that the big rest aeo, who should be least afraid Tt anybody, go about toting guns. ' Om of the best memory teats deals (With the names of the Innumerable jsuft drinks of present day commerce. "B government hammering onngs down the price of shoes t may soon ) become cheaper to walk than to ride. The claimant to the French throne ila going Into the butter business, snow line he knows where the kings of to day are. Politics would be much more popu tlar If It would abandon Its disagree able habit of Intruding where It mosses Ithings op.' 4 hot his future sales Uncle Sam ought to have some way of distinguishing genuine consumers from profiteering itratfesmen. Gtoata with belts are soon to be the stria for men, according to the Retail Clothiers convention. What most of the masculine contingent want is some thing to put under 'em. Xftere Is no accounting for tastes ' when those South Americans want -that Pan-American congress scheduled far January In Washington postponed Until next summer, whea the weather will b warmer. Tbe editor of a leading magazine cofs he Is wearing tbe same pair of shoes toe bought seventeen years ago, when a student at Harvard. This I troves the advantage of a college odu-cation.- The autobiographies issuing from ; Berlin Indicate that the war was lost jto Germany because of too much liter ary talent. There is one thing to be said for a roUtop desk one never loses anything 'out of it, even if one never is able to find anything in it. Shoe manufacturers f are described i as "creatures in the hands of fate." And the consumer is a creature with out soles upon his feeL , , s The farmers complain that they are not getting as much as formerly for their pork and the ultimate consumer knows he is not to blame. The government is advising against speculation in farm lands, the object probably being to correct the impres sion that the more often" a farm is sold the better crops it will produce. One difficulty about laying in a sup 1iy of coal for winter is that many tenants have no place in which to store it. Indeed, many have no place la which to store themselves. A hundred French girls have just laaded here to be educated at Ameri ca colleges. This is only fair. Think what they have taught us. The farmer who moved away from tfae railroad to conserve the train-gazing time of his hands and located near A flying field is out of luck. When shark-leather shoes become popular the public will learn some nvr things about the scarcity of .sharks and the difficulty of catching them. . "French " Pretender Enters Butter Trade" according to a . headline, and '-It Is suspected that there are several pretenders in It over in this country. Berlin has boosted, foreign wire ra.ter 150 per cent. Berlin evidently needs the money that will come from tbe increased sale of postage stamps. Dr. Dryander of Berlin says Wil beim Is Innocent, but as the doc prob Jibly will not get on the jury whal he thinks about it does not cut muct figure. Search for profiteers was much like latter day wolf drive lots of noise and beating the bushes, but no wolf. A determined organization of house wives will do more to reduce the cos1 of living than a congressional com mittee. Only 4,000 out of a population ol 14.000 are left at Verdun, and manj ef these have rained homes. Colnci denrly, ' Germany Is still pleading f oi sympathy , and bewailing the harst trrvas of the peace treaty. Typical Englishman of Serious Mind Wants Friendship of United States By Lynn Harold Hough, President of Northwestern University The typical Englishman of serious and informed mind believes verj profoundly in Anglo-American friendship. Many men, such as Mr. Fisher, the presi dent of the English board of education, hare been ready to express their belief that it is the hope of the world. There is -widespread anxiety about the economic situation. With a great debt to America and the balance lax grave as they speak if iirT"" tuft fa-.s & a population of more than 40,000,000, there is the pos sibility of producing food for something like 13,000,000. The rest of the food must, in the long run, come from exchange for English products which other countries desire. And awrong balance of trade in this situa tion is a serious matter. Some men with a dash of adrenture in their estimate of the situation take the view that the dangers are overestimated and that England will quickly recuperate. It is probable that a matter about which little has been said will in fluence the actual outcome. England has had a long and successful experi ence in international banking, and before even resourceful Americans learn the psychological trick of it Britain will probably be competing -with America on more even terms. And this is to the advantage of America. No business man able to look into the future would want to break down England's fundamental economic strength, even if such a thing were possible. Physical and Mental Condition of Our Soldiers Was the Deciding Factor By LIEUT. COL. War as a general" proposition is all that General Sherman said it was, but like everything else in this world it has a better side. And the brighter side in the recent world-wide conflict was the general boom in all forms of athletics for. which it was responsible and which in the years to come, par ticularly in America and the nations allied with her, will insure a man hood more fit physically and mentally to carry on with the world's work than erer before. There is no question that the physical and mental condition of the American troops was the deciding factor in the war and that our boys were able to throw into the balance the fighting power which broke the deadlock, sent the Huns reeling back and ultimately brought about their complete defeat. And the reason that the Americans, many of them but hastily trained troops, were able to make such a splendid showing was because of their athletic bringing up their physical fitness, their ability to think quickly and to act individually in emergencies. And these quali ties they acquired on the ball lots, the gridiron and other fields where brain, muscle and brawn were put to the test. In a way, before we went "over there" we realized what American sports; particularly baseball, had done for the youth of the United States. Today we appreciate fully that it supplied most of our fighters with the physical asset which enabled them to do those things which caused the German military machine to gasp in amazement from the outset. The American army heads and the directors of Y. M. C. A. and other agencies which operated for the welfare of the men in the camps here and abroad thoroughly appreciated the value of outdoor games, boxing and general athletic stunts, and from the moment the men began their military train ing athletics was made a part of the regular routine. More Foreign Trade, More Home-Owned Ships, Better-Run Home Industry By A. L. FERGUSON, TJ. S. Chamber of Commerce Europe is clamoring for America's aid in her rehabilitation, and until her demands are satisfied we cannot look for lower prices in this country. We the chamber are now going after foreign trade in earnest. We have appointed a special merchant marine committee to see to it that German hners are run to Davy Jones' locker and that the Stars and Stripes wave from the masts of the world's merchant marine likewise we are concern ing ourselves in the readjustment of public utilities the street car, the electric light situation and the railroads. , We are going to entertain the representatives of England, Belgium, France and Italy here, and foreign trade questions will be thrashed out with them. We want to see an American fleet on every side. Why, the Pacific today is merely a Japanese lake I And as for the Atlantic, look at the George Washington, the Martha Washington, the President Grant, the President Lincoln, all German ships, so German that you've got to have an interpreter to get a stateroom. That is the situation that the national chamber of commerce is out to rectify we want more foreign trade, more home-owned ships, better run home industries. There must be a feeling of brotherhood between America and Great Britain; among all the allies. Commercial leaders of England must come here and our big business men must go there. In that way an understand ing will be reached that will mean much for both nations. Peace has brought its great problems of readjustment, and the situation must be met by the nations for the good of the nations. Kepresentatiye Martin Dies of Texas I wish the farmers of this country and the taxpayers of our land might have a return of the old Democratic and Republican theory that government is not created to sup port the people, but that it is a creature to be supported by the people. We are leading them to believe that the government can support them and lift them by their boot straps out of their financial difficulties when, as honest men, we should say to them that all that the government can do is to protect their life and their liberty and tax them to support the government. Lieut. Coningsby Dawson. Nevertheless, though we don civilian dress, we have not done with fighting yet. We are coming back to man the trenches of a kinder social order and to follow the barrage across No Man's Land in pursuit of a new heaven and a new earth. Otto H. Kahn The building must be rendered more habitable and attractive to those whose claims for adequate house room cannot be left unheeded. Herbert Htover. I am not a politics. of the outcome. In England, with T. L. HUSTON presidential candidate, I am not r RESERVATIONS GO THRU BTCLOTURE Peace Treaty Propositions Passed by Majorities Rang ing From 1 1 to 22. GAG RULE VOTE, 78 TO 16 Vice President Says He Will Hold Other Ratification Resolutions May Be Taken Up if the Present One Fails. Washington, At last clamping down the lid on its peace treaty debate, the senate substituted action for discus sion with a vigor that quickly advanc ed the ratification fight into Its final stages. Working under cloture for the first time in history, the senate adopted the reservations written by the foreign re lations committee and set the parlia mentary stage for a decision or a dead lock on the treaty. Republican and Democratic leaders worked together to invoke cloture, piling up a majority for it, which far exceeded the two-thirds necessary for adoption. In the count of 78 to 16, the two parties contributed about evenly. The rollcall over, however, and clo ture a fact, the Republican managers took complete charge and swept every thing before them. Reservation after reservation went through Just as it came from the committee, until the Democrats apparently abandoned hope of making modifications and resigned themselves to a passive resistance. Majorities ranging from 11 to 22 marked adoption of ten reservations. In every case exce'pt one the Re publicans voted solidly for the com mittee proposals. They were joined on every rollcall by from four to nine Democrats. In all, an even dozen sen ators of. the administration party broke away during the day to vote for reservations. The sole defection from the Republican ranks was on the Shantung reservation, Senator Mc Cumber, of North Dakota, swinging over to the opposition. The reservations adopted accom plished these things: Effect of the Reservations. Forbid acceptance of any man datory by the United States with out the consent of congress. Take away from the league of nations all Jurisdiction over American affairs, such as Immi gration, the tariff, labor, bounda. ries and coastwise traffic. Preserve the Monroe Doctrine and refuse to submit to the league any question relating to that doc trine. Repudiate the Shantung settle ment and reserve full liberty of action to the United States in any dispute which may arise between Japan and China under the terms of that settlement Reserve to the United States the right to veto any appointment by the president of any Ameri can representative in the league of nations. Prevent Interference with Amer ican trade with Germany by the reparations commission, except by the approval of congress. Refuse to permit the expendi ture of American money by the league except when regularly ap propriated by the congress. Reserve to the United States the right to increase its armament at any time without the consent of the league in case of threatened invasion. Permit the United States to ex ercise its own discretion in the matter of boycotting the nation als of covenant breaking states residing within the United States. Safeguard the rights of Amerl. can shareholders in German own ed concerns seized in the United States during the war. Not the least significant of the de velopments, in the view of senators looking forward to a complex parlia mentary pnarl before final action on the treaty is reached, was a ruling by Vice President Marshall just preced ing the cloture vote. He held that, should the administration senators vote down ratification with reserva tions, as they threatened to do, they will have opportunity later to get ac tion on a compromise ratification reso lution. Senator Lodge served notice that h? would appeal from the decision of the chair. The Democrats will thus be faced with a dilemma. If they decide to vote down the Lodge reservations they cannot be certain that these votes will not really mean the death of the treaty so far as the United States is concerned. ACCUSE MINERS' LEADERS. Federal Agents Allege Violations of Court's Injunction. Indianapolis. Evidence of reported violations of the temporary injunction issued by Judae A. B. Anderson, of the United States district court, against any conspiracy to reduce the production of coal is being gathered by agents of the United States gov ernment. Leaders of the United Mine Workers of America, are sa'd to have attended meetings where resolutions wehe adopted not to return to work. CONGRESS PLANS TO QUIT Senate and House Republicans Seek Early Adjournment. Washington. Tentative plans for sine die adjournment of the present session of congress were made by sen ate and house Republican leaders, by resolutions in the two bodies. It is proposed that the house shall be per mitted to adjourn upon passage of the railroad bill and the senate upon the jisposition of the peace treaty. The resolution would give each body authority to adjourn independently. t CARTER GLASS ?-H"I !"!' I I I I 'I Ml M'I'M' V J- - ;r vK Richmond, Va. Appointment of Carter Glass, secretary of the treas ury, to the United States senate to succeed the late Thomas S. Martin, and the acceptance of Mr. Glass, were announced by Leroy Hodges, aide to Governor Westmoreland Davis. PROHIBITION WILL BE PRESSEO.SAYS KRAMER New U. S. Chief Declares Drought Will be Real Thing. Mansfield, Ohio. The new federal prohibition enforcement law Is suffi cient It can be enforced. It will be enforced. - The United States is really going to be dry, instead of half dry or make believe dry, as it Is today. These are the matured decisions of "Honest John" Kramer, Mansfield at torney, Sunday school teacher, con firmed dry, but no zealot, who is the one person out of 100,000,000 In the United States chosen by Internal Re venue Collector D. C. Roper to tackle the biggest law-enforcement job this country ever undertook, and as far reaching In its social effects as the Chinese abolition of opium several years back. Mr. Kramer has spent most of his time since his appointment in his law office, over a hardware store, just as he has spent most of his days except Sunday for several years. Telegrams are being delivered to him at all hours.- Some contained congratula tions. Some were applications for iobs, for as head of the huge prohi bition enforcement machine that the government is shortly to set up Mr. Kramer will have an army of hun dreds of agents scattered from coast to coast. Why did the government, out of the thousands of available men, go into Mansfield and choose John F. Kramer for the difficult place of prohibition commissioner? Serious consideration was given to some twenty-five possibilities. The government wished to have the en forcement of prohibition, both of war time and permanent prohibition under fhe constitutional amendment which becomes effective next January, In he hands of its friends, but at the same time it did not want to entrust the task to a zealot. These , things counted In Mr. Kramer's favor: He is a man of strong moral con victions. He is rated as an excellent lawyer. He is a forceful talker, and one of the tasks of the prohibition commis sioner will be to "sell the Idea" of prohibition to the country. The first prohibition commissioner is fifty, of medium build and height. Mr. Kramer is the product of an. Ohio farm. & I WORLD NEWS IN I CONDENSED FORM i8 . NEW YORK. Brewers appeal from the decision of Judge Hand, saying he erred in twelve points in the case. The papers will be sent to the su preme court in Washington, where Elihu Root will make the argument. LONDON. The election of Lady Astor to the house of commons seat made vacant by the elevation of Lord Astor to the peerage is practically con ceded. MEXICO CITY. That Mexico is in the grip of the I. W. W. and Bolshe vists is declared in a statement issued by the Association for the Protection of American Rights in Mexico. NEW HAVEN, CONN. Facing de feat before sixty thousand football fans in the Yale Bowl, Princeton seiz ed advantage of Old Eli's mistakes and scored 10 points, winning her first gridiron struggle from Yale since 1911 by a score of 13 to 6. With the score a tie two minutes before the end of the game, Scheerer scored a touch down that brought victory to Prince ton. PANAMA. Announcement that pro hibition had gone into effect in the Canal zone through the Volstead aci created consternation. Ir had nof been expected until January. SAN ANTONIO, TEX. A newspa per published in the interest of Vil la's campaign against Carranza is about to be established here. Publi cation, it is said, will begin in about two weeks. WASHINGTON. Expenditure of $15,000,000 for aeroplane and aero motors for the United States army is called for in a bill presented in the house by Representative La Guardia, of New York. LONDON. Countess Leo Tolstoi, widow of the famous Russian novelist, died at Yasnaya Poliana, November ? according to a despatch. 36,000,000 RAIL PAY INCREASES Mines Would Equalize Wages of Underpaid Men by Add ing $3,000,000 a Month. UNIONS AGREE TO ACCEPT Other Demands of Brotherhoods Not 14 et, But Conferences Will Be con tinued Would Pay; Crews of Slow Freights More. Washington. A proposition of time and a half time for overtime to train service employes j in the slow freight service, including the trainmen and enginemen, has been made by the Unii States railroad administration to four railway brotherhoods, it was announced by Director General Walker D. Hines. It is estimated the net cost of the advance to the govern ment will be $3,000,000 a month. This proposal, Mr. Hines said, bears on the most important matter undei consideration with the representatives of the train and enginemen's organi zations during the conferences with the director general and other officials of the railroad administration in the last two weeks. In his announcement Mr. Hines stressed the fact that the proposal was for the purpose of making re-adjustments necessary to avoid unjust inequalities In the compensation of different classes of railway employes. It does not repsent a departure from the stand taken by the railroad ad ministration, and approved by the president, in opposition to wage in creases for entire classes until the whole question of the high cost of liv ing had been thoroughly attacked, with a view to its reduction. The concessions made, which are In the nature of a compromise with the demands, are for time required to make runs in excess of what would be required if an average speed of 12 miles per hour was maintained. A. provision is included that all arbitra tion and special allowances now paid in various forms of freight train serv ice are eliminated for the railroads as a whole. The time and a half for overtime does not extend to the pas senger service. The increase would affect trainmen, firemen, engineers and conductors, but more particularly those employed in the slow freight train service. These employes have all the disad vantages of spending a large amount of time away from home at their own personal expense, and yet have not the advantages of the larger com;en sation enjoyed by employes in fast freight service and also in passenger service, making much larger mileage in the same or shorter length of time. It is these employes making large mileage in a comparatively short time who are frequently accepted by the public as indicating the standard of compensation for men in all train service. It Is estimated that with the aver age speeds now made by slower freight trains, the net cost of this pro posal will be approximately $3,000,000 per month. Undoubtedly, however, the proposal would have the effect of correcting many extreme cases of trains being kept an abnormally long time upon the road, and to the extent that this condition can be so correct ed the cost will be reduced. There are many other questions affecting' working conditions of train men which have not been decided and to which no reference has been made by Mr. Hines in public statements. It Is understood that the proposal will be accepted by the brotherhoods, as it virtually covers the conclusions reached during the recent conferences. Explaining his reason for rejecting parts of the brotherhood demands, Mr. Hines said that full time and a half for overtime In road service was not justifiable as a punitive measure, because as a rule, it is not economical to run heavy freight trains at a speed as great as would be necessary to avoid payment of the overtime sought. He believed, however, that the plan submitted would mean the elimination of certain excessively long runs with a resultant decrease in hours of labor. POSTMEN WIN RAISE Congress Passes Bill Granting in creases Totaling $50,000,000. Washington. Salary increases rang ing from o to 23 per cent, some effec tive as of July 1 last and others be coming operative on November 8, are given to every class of postal em ploye except those receiving more than $2500 per annum, under the joint resolution of congress (II. J. Res. 151), which became effective November 8. These increased salaries will add about $50,000,000 to the payroll. I. W. W. KILLING LONG PLANNED Centralia Member Says Plot Started Before Armistice Day. Centralia, Wash. Industrial Work ers of the World planned the Cent):' lia shooting three weeks before At tice day, according to an alleged fession made hy'L. Roberts, confi I. W. W., who surrendered hiinsell :. the officers following shooting, ii; which bullets from the guns of the radicals killed four former American soldiers marching in the holiday p.i rade. PRESIDENT PLANNING MESSAG' He May Not Be Strong Enough Appear Before Congress. Washington. It was learned iit th White House that President Wilson hps bejrun consideration of his mes sage to the regular session of -in gress, which meets Oeeember J. The president has appeared beforo congress personally at the opening of each regular session and read his message, but it is improbable that he will be strong enough to go to con Kress on December 1. 4- PRINCE OF WALES loo I a . a: This latest photograph of the Prfne ef Wales shows him in the full unU orm of a lieutenant of the roya navy. 200 1. W. W.'S IN JAILS ON NORTHWEST COAST RadicalLeadersPlannedtoSe'zi Hog Island Shipyard. Seattle, Wash. Nearly 200 men, suspected of being members of , the L W. W., are held in jails in variou cities and towns in the Pacific north west as the result of raids growing out of the shooting at Centralia, Wash., during an Armistice day parade when four former service men were killed and three others wounded. In addition, twenty-six alleged, mem bers of the L W.v W. were held In jails at Centralia and Chehalis, Wash., in connection jwith the shooting. . EJ. B. Ault, editor, and George P. Listman and Frank A. Rust, members of the board of directors of the Seat He Union Record, are at liberty. on bail following a raid toy federal . offi cers upon the newspaper plant, whJd Is owned by tbe Seattle Central Labor Council. The three were charged with viola tion of the espionage act. In addition, Ault was charged with criminal libel in connection with editorial comment upon the Centralia shooting. Three men held in jail at Olympia, in connection with the Centralia shoot ing, were taken to the state reform school at Monroe, following reports that an armed force of L W. W.' planned an attack on the jail. Hi a rirrt-v of nrnseentlnff the twantvw six alleged L W. W. held at. Centralia and Chehalis, were centered on learn ing whethe- former soldiers in any de gree provoked the attack by leaving -the line of march to force their way' Into the L W. W. halL Testimony given at the inguest over the victim of the shooting differed on this point. . . Plan to Seize Hog Island. Philadelphia. Radicals planned o take over the operation of Hog Island shipyard as the second step of a scheme to seize all the shipyards along the Atlantic coast. . ; - Failure to do this by a "bloodless revolution," to be eng'neered- by- the Communist party in America, was to result in the "reds" falling back am direct action" directed by the, .Fed eration of Russian Unions. .. , Detailed plans of how the world' greatest shipyard was to be - takes over have been discovered by federal officials, following the arrest in Balti more of Peter Soraka, director of the movement there. The shipyard of the Baltimore Pry dock company was to be the first at tacked. PITH OF THE VICTORY NEWS w The supreme council has sent another note to Rumania concerning her oc cupation of Hungary, giving on week for a reply. The council als sent a note to Germany advising her to disregard the municipal elec tions In Upper Silesia, which went heavily in favor of the Poles. German millions backed Carranza'a ne gotiations with Chili for arms, W. B. Mitchell, British banker resident in Mexico, testifies before he sen ate sub-committee Investigating th Mexican situation. Brazilian senate ratified the peace treaty. Senator Hitchcock, the Democrat! leader, intimated that the passage of the reservation to Article X might force him to vote against the treaty, and should he do so enough Democrats will probably follow hirrt to insure the treaty's rejection. There is always the group of irre concilables, numbering a score, who will vote for rejection, no matter what is done. Members of both parties in the senate f are preparing to support cloture to rescue the peace treaty from danger of being sidetracked for railroad and other pressing domestic legislation, in the midst of the celebration of the anniversary of the signing of the ar- " mistice, the tragedy of war again was emphasized by announcement ' of a revised list of American casu alties, showing a total of 293,089. The French government's central pur. chasing bureau has forwarded its first Important order for machin ery to Germany. Its represent- tives are now touring that country studying the industrial situation with a view to reverting to Ger many the purchasing orders now going to Britain and America. They expect to profit from exchange rate.