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A NEWSPAPER FOR THE PEOPLE NEW HAVEN, CONN., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1919. PRICE THREE CENTS VOL. VII. NO. 15. CORSET WORKERS OF NEW HAVEN PRINTING TRADES IN NEW HAVEN TO BE BOOMED Allied Trades Council 'Decides On Vigorous Campaign to Boost the Label Shops. PROMIAENT LABOR MAN PROHIBITION DIRECTOR WAR DECLARED AGAINST EFFORT TO ENSLAVE LABOR "Not a Sound Till I'm Through" VERY MUCH ALIVE B- Julius Stremlau, Former Presi dent of Connecticut Federation of Labor, Gets Important Gov ernment Position After Strenu ous Competition and Opposition From Some Quarters Generally Considered Friendly to Organ ized Labor Will Make Ideal Official. 'Julius C. Stremlau of Meriden, form er president of the Connecticut Fed eration of Labor, was formally ap pointed prohibition director for Con necticut at Washington, yesterday. This is considered one of the most important appointments to be made in Connecticut this session, both because of the nature of the office and the nature of its scope and Mr. Stremlau had active opposition from a number of well known citizens in the state including prohibition's most zealous leader, E. C. Hohenthal of Manchester. Mr. Stremlau's appointment is due in a great measure to the unflagging ef forts of men prominent in labor circles, backed by men prominent in politics, who were anxious to see Mr. Stremlau apointed because he is, in the first place an ideal man for the position, and sec ondly because they wanted to show some recognition of organized labor's efforts during the last election. Some si rprises were encountered in this direction early in the campaign for one politician who makes frequent and eloquent expression of his friendship , for organized labor met the proposition j with the exclamation : "No, don't appoint Stremlau ; he's a labor leader." However, the opposition was over- ridden and the appointment made with the full approval and support of the men who count most. - The position of prohibition director is unique, inasmuch as he will have as his duties the strict enforcement of the prohibition laws. That the law will be enforced impartially and as completely as it is possible of enforcement by hu man agencies is" realized by all who know Stremlau. He has proven his ab solute devotion to the right upon many occasions and no man who knows him would dream of attempting to induce him to do otherwise than adhere closely to an exact discharge of his duties. The state of Connecticut is to be con gratulated upon having such a man appointed prohibition director and his host of friends, which are legion out side of the ranks of organized labor as well as within, wish him every success in his new position. Mr. Stremlau, during the course of his connection with the General Assem bly, both as a member of the House from Meriden and as organized labor's legislative representative, made warm friends of many of the men prominent in public life in this state and this acquaintance and friendship was still further enlarged and strengthened later during his valuable service upon the State Council of Defense during the war. Later he gave great service with the governmental labor bureau as a speaker in New York and nearby states. Still later he was in charge of the United States Employment Service at New London and transferred from there to Hartford. Mr. Stremlau is a member of the Meriden Cigarmakers' Union, a former president of the Meriden Central Labor Union and one of the best known labor men in New England. Illogical "Reasoning" Of Newspaper Editors Washington. Dec. 19. Many newspaper editors advanced ther usual illogical "rtasoning" during the recent coal miners' strike. These editors continually referred to war-time wages that peimitted the miners to live like millionaires. Later the editors denounced the miners for rejecting the Garfield 14 per cent, wage increase. These "molders of public opinion" do not appreciate the ridiculous posi tion of a man who charges the miners with "profiteering" and then praises the Garfield plan, which us sponsor stated was based on ihe theory that the 14 per cent, wage in crease would re-establish miners' living standards that existed in 1913, or before this country entered the war. TRADES COUNCIL MEETS JANUARY 15 Meeting- Falling- on New Year's Night Omitted Election Date. As the next meeting night of the New Haven Trades Council falls upon New Year's night, the first Thursday in the month, it was voted by that body at its last meeting to hold no meeting on that date, all matters of importance reauir ing immediate attention meanwhile be ing left in the hands of the executive council. The next meeting, therefore, will be held Thursday evening, January 15, the third Thursday, and inasmuch as the election of officers is slated for the meeting which is omitted the election will, come up at the meeting on the lth when it is desired that a full attetodance of delegates shall be present. TO BOOM BLUE LABEL. New England Conference of Cigarmakers Adopt Uniform Plan New Haven was represented at he New England Label Conference of the Cigarmakers, held at Worcester, last Sunday, by Ira M. Ornburn, Charles Rohler and John Murphy, representing Local 39. It was a very important ses sion and a committee of three was ap pointed to map out a plan of advertis ing the Blue Label of the cigarmakers' union in a uniform manner throughout New England. In pursuance of this plan the New England states have been divided into four zones in charge of William Standi combe of Boston, W. VanWarbeycke of Boston, W. Hohler of Pawtucket, R 1.. and John Ostendorf of Hartford. Particular effort will be made to in form the public that the Blackstone brand of cigars are no longer union made. "SOME" UNION. Capmakers Give More Evidence of Being a Banner Local. The Capmakers' union of New Haven has presented new demands to the employers of New Haven, with the endorsement of its International, and as the Capmakers have a 100 per cent, organization the outlook for having the fame granted are excellent. They include a 15 per cent, increase in wages, a, fiat increase of $3 a week for girls and four more holidays dur ing the year with pay ; they now have six. The Capmakers' union is now paying seven per cent, of its members' wages toward the strike fund of the millinery workers in New York, amounting to $251 per week and it has also loaned them $1 400 collected from the members in one evening. TEACHERS WAGE IS LOW. Washington, Dec. 19. School Life, issued by the United States bureau of education, suggests that salaries of city officials and teachers in the various cities of the country be compared. It is shown that the mayor of Worcester, Mass., was paid $2,500 in 9103, and this was advanced in 1919 to $5,000. During the same period the chief of police chief of the fire department and other high officials received 100 per cent, in creases, while the superintendent of schools and high school principals were advanced 25 per cent. The highest in crease for high school teachers was 15 per cent, and for grammar school teachers 33 per cent. STANDS FOR FREE SPEECH Seattle, Dec. 19. "If there is any thing in our political life that cannot bear criticism, let it crack," said Acting Mavor Lane of this city in a speech at the "Labor temple. The speaker declared for Americanism of the old-fashioned sort. "Real freedom," he continued, "does not make it a crime to discuss freedom. There are two classes of people; those who fear afid distrust the people, and those who believe in them and identify themselves with the people. The man who distrusts the people has no faith in democracy." Samuel Gompers Voices Defiance to the Powers Now Promoting Industrial Slavery. NEW BILL OF RIGHTS Immensely Important Conference at Washington Unites on List of Grievances and Protests. (By Staff Correspondent.) Washington, D. C, Dec. 19. "Labor, Its Grievances, Protests and Demands," adopted in Washington December 13 by officials of all national and international unions, the four railroad brotherhoods and farmers' organizations and the ex ecutive council of the American Federa tion of Labor, constitute the "Workers' Bill of Rights' which will be fought by organized wage earners with the great est earnestness. It is a document that leaves no room for doubt where labor stands. The first declaration emphasizes in no uncertain terms for whom and for what the con ference spoke. It says: "We speak in the name of millions who work those who make and use tools' those who furnish the human power necessary for commerce and in dustry. We speak as part of the na tion and of those things of which we have special knowledge. Our welfare and interest are inseparably bound up with the well-being of the nation. We are an integral part of the American people and we are organized to work out the welfare of all." It was an unanimous conference on all questions except the peace treaty. Opposition to its indorsement was led by Andrew Furuseth, who, it was charged by President Gompers and oth ers, had, while in Paris indorsed the very sections he was fighting. But Furuseth had only two supporters, the declaration for the adoption by the Sen ate of the peace treaty and labor char ter being adopted by a vote of 118 to 3. The reactionary policy of Congress, its evident intentions to enact laws that would harness and enslave the workers are so glaring that the holding of the conference was made imperative. Pres ident Gompers, with fire in his eyes and every nerve tingling with the serious ness of the situation, made a remark able speech in opening Ihe conference. President Gompers said in part: "There has arisen in our time, in re cent time, a condition of affairs in the life of our nation that affects the great masses of the people of the United States ; the seeming thought and aci.on based upon that niation that the work ing people of America are to, go through a new phase of opposition c nd bitter an tagonism to the orderly and rational constructive movement of the wage earners -of our trade unions the or ganization of the workers to either pro tect or to promote the rights and in terests of the" working people. The at tack, or attacks, have been so bitter and relentless and so threatening with po tential results that it was deemed both wise and essential that the meeting of the trade unions of America should be held. "In addition, the railroad brother hoods, four of them, joined in with us with the call, and invitations were ex tended to the Farmers' organizations. "I welcome you in the name of the executive council, in the name of the American Federation of Labor, oi which you are component parts, con stituent parts, and with which you are affilkited. I welcome you in the name of all labor. "I welcome you in the name of the men and the women who have gone before and who have dared to think and to do in order that we, in our time, may be enabled to do our share toward the world's progress, and the world's higher and bett-.r concept of justice and freedom. "I welcome you in the name of that great spirit which we evoked in this council chamber of the Ainer'can federation of Labor on March 12, 1917, when wc tinn, too, souiv'ed the clarion not'.' for i.int of spirit and thought and action so that if we were to be drawn into the war we would stand 100 per cent, not behind but in front of our Republic to maintain it against any of its enemies, no matter from whence they may come. "We had another conference before ihat in 1906 and where we too took up the cudgels thrown at onr feet and we presented our bill of grievances to the President and the Vice-President of the United States, to the Speaker of the House, and we presented it to the country, and though we did not win at that time, within a few years we ac complished great results, not only in the interests of labor, but in the interests of the highest and best concepts of jus tice and freedom. "And so here now, we are met by those who would take away from us the well-earned and deserved victory and achievements for labor. Those who would put fetters upon our wrists, those who would take away from us the fun damental rights of free American citi zens, those who would try to strike a blow at the very organic conditions of our labor movement. "This movement of ours must suc ceed. We cannot brook or permit any man or group of men, no matter who he or she may be, to take from us the opportunity of living our own lives, and carrying out to its fullest the destiny and "spirit of the American Labor move ment, standing not only for our union men and women, but for every man and woman, and for every child in our country, and for every man and woman and child in every other country, all making for the cause of human broth erhood." The fiction advanced that wages should be fixed on a cost of living basis was punctuated successfuly, the conference declaring: "This idea is pernicious and intoler able. It means putting progress in chains and liberty in fetters. It means fixing a standard of living and a stand ard of life and liberty which must re main fixed. America's workers can not accept the proposition." (Continued on Page Eight.) C g? Lnristm3LS ureetings trom The Connecticut Federation of Labor The Connecticut Federation of Labor, true to its traditions, takes this means to extend to its members and their friends A HAPPY CHRISTMAS AND A PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR. Since a year has passed that we extended the same well wishes to all, Organized Labor in Connecticut has been through some very exacting times. The mind of man has been directed upon things that were never dreamed of. and while many of our members have seen fit to take advant age of the abnormal situation, to commit themselves to policies that spread discontent, we have by Divine guidance been able to keep the ship sailing, and are at this time safely in the port of peace and good will." The great combination of wage earners under the banner4 of the Connecticut Federation of Labor have proven themselves to be of the type of Americans that stand for law and order, and considering the many disturbances that have taken place in this state during the past 12 months there have been no serious results therefrom. During the time of Christmas and the approach of the New Year we renew our allgiance to the Creator of man, and beseech Him to guide us all from harm, to direct the mind of man to be faithful to our trust, and to place our judgment in His hands, thereby protecting our destinies, and our wish to the membership and our friends is that during the year 1920 the old organization will build better and that we will maintain the respect that we now command. Fraternally, THE EXECUTIVE OF LABOR. COUNCIL WANT CAPITAL AND MANAGEMENT INVESTIGATED Every Labor Controversy Inquiry Should Show What Both Sides Are Getting. UP TO THEJOVERNMENT What is Fair For One Is Fair For the Other, Says West am Union. Boise, Idaho, Dec. 19. The Boise Trades and Labor Council, asserting that the investigation of every labor controversy should disclose the com pensation that capital and management are getting, as well as labor, in resolu tions just adopted, implores government authorities "to use as vigorous and effective methods against manipulation of coal prices and coal production by the operators and other profit-takers as has been used against the exploited workers in the mines." The resolutions, which were adopted unanimously, said as follows : "More than 400,000 striking coal miners, good American citizens, have withdrawn their strike order in ac cordance with a decision of the courts of our democracy that it was illegal, thereby once again demonstrating their loyalty to our established government and organized society as effectively as they demonstrated their patriotism dur ing the recent world conflict when 53 -812 members of the United Mine Work ers of America served in the American forces, of wohm 3,333 laid down their lives for America, and when they dug the coal that ran every American en gine through the war, on land and sea, at full speed, and added 185,000,000 tons of coal to the yearly production so that America might win. "Such an organized body of men do not unanimously strike unless they are suffering grevious wrongs, and we know that all industry in America has thriven on the product of the coal miners' labor for three-quarters of a century, but that the miners have not thriven; that their earnings are pre carious ; that their children have little or no opportunity, and they themselves and their wives work during a lifetime CONNECTICUT FEDERATION Patrick F. O'Meara, President. Ira M. Orxburx, Secretary-Treasurer. Frank C. Scollixs, Vice-President, William J. Buckley, Vice-President, Thomas A. Sweeney, Vice-Presidetn, Martin L. Kane, Vice-President, Frederick L. Neebe, Treasurer. and die finally in poverty; that the coal miner is a neglected citizen of America. "On the other hand, the report of the investigations made by the Federal Trade Commission shows that the bitu minous coal operators made a clear net profit of from 50 cents to $1 per ton during and since the war as compared with the fact that prior to the war many bituminous coal operators conducted a profitable business upon a net profit of less than 10 cents per ton ; it is a matter of common knowledge that coal oper ators during the war made fabulous sums of money and that many individual coal operators became millionaires ; that these coal barons who are now so ap parently solicitous for the welfare of the public and who assume to act as its protectors have amassed fortunes out of the profits that coal consumers were forced to pay for fuel during the war. "Since the armistice was signed, more than a year ago, the mine work ers in the main producing fields of America, although willing and anxious -to work, have not been employed 25 per cent, of the time because they were de nied the opportunity to work when the mines were closed down and thousands of , men forced into idleness by their employers in order, as we believe, to limit the output of coal so as to continue the reaping of big profits "The full light of federal investiga tion and nation-wide publicity has been turned upon the toilers of the mines and they have been forced to continue their labor under almost unbearable conditions, at the same time showing a commendable willingness to make con cessions in their previous demands in order to effect a settlement, while the mine operators have stood continually in an autocratic and immovable position, conceding nothing, granting nothing, suffering nothing except their own 'divine right' to refuse to negotiate with their employees. "It is high time that every investiga tion of a labor controversy should dis close the compensation that capital and management are getting, as well as labor; that the full force of federal in vestigation, followed " by prosecution when necessary, and the full light of publicity should now be turned upon those huge profits from human toil, to the end that indifferent or arrogant em ployers will, themselves, see to it that there are much fewer lock-outs and strikes over the matter of wages and working conditions." MEAT CUTTERS GAIN. San Antonio, Texas, Dec. 19. Organ ized meat cutters have advanced a $25 weekly rate to $30, shortened hours and abolished Sunday work. State Organizer Makes Emphatic Denial of Reported Demise of the Union. WILL BE PUSHED Defection of a Group of Members By No Means Fatal to the Organization. The New Haven Corset Workers' Union, branch of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, is very much alive. Reports of its demise are. as Mark Twain once said of his rumored death, very much exaggerated. Hugh Gartland, Connecticut repre sentative of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, so informed the Xew Haven Trades Council at its meeting, Thursday evening, and he ought to know. He made the announce ment in denial of a report being circu lated by a portion of the former mem bership which, having withdrawn from the union, considered that the union's finish followed as a matter of course. As a matter of fact, Organizer Gart land said, no clique of members can - lux . HUGH J. GARTLAND, Connecticut Representative Garment Workers. possibly abrogate a charter of an or ganization by withdrawing from it The Corset Workers' Union still exists, even though depleted numerically, and it is the nucleus of a mighty live organiza tion that is going to be heard from later on with flying colors. Sometime ago it was announced that a determined effort was to be made by the Connecticut Federation of Labor and International unions to thoroughly organize the women workers of the state, and that a drive toward the com plete organization of the cornet indus try of New Haven would be one of the features of the campaign. This particular industry in the Elm City has always been a knotty proposi tion for organized labor. The local has been going along excellently with mem bers from most of the shops except that of Strouse Adler Co. which is credited with having very vigorously opposed an attempt to organize its workers a few years ago. All attempts to gain a foothold in this particular shop have since failed and the union has encountered considerable opposition. Co-incident with the announcement of the drive to be made in New Haven's corset industry there developed what ap peared to be a sort of undermining process in the union. Disagreements arose and a split among the members followed. A mutual benefit sort of an organization, the ever handy instrument of employers m opposing labor organ izations, made its appearance in one of the shops and the members of the union employed in that shop became much interested in that. This, in time, led to the break from the union. In this situation is seen- the hand of the employers and the members who pre fer a beneficient form of organization fostered by the employers to a trade union will probably learn later to dis cern the difference in the benefits be tween the twro. In the meantime the Corset Workers' Union will be promoted vigorously and there is every exoectation that it will be brought to a point where its mem bers will derive the same benefits which are enjnyed by their sisters in Bridge port where the Corset Workers Union is a live wire bodv whose members have been able to secure substantial benefits in wages and conditions through the trade union route. OUT OF WORK. Despite Apparent Scarcity of Help 5,610 Ask Jojs. The monthlv report of the state free emplo3tnent offices issued yesterday showrs that during November a total of 1 669 persons applied for employment it the Hartford office, 180 of these be ing females. There were 1,545 appli cations for help, and 1,296 of these places were filled. In all five offices 5,280 men and women sought employ ment, while a total of 5.610 applications for help were received, showing there were more jobs than applications for employment. A total of 4,302 positions were filled from among the 5,280 per sons looking for work. Qf the male applicants for employ ment 76.1 per cent, were sunnlied with positions against 74.9 per cent, during the month of October. Of the femaL' applicants for employment 92.6 per cent, were given work as compared with 90.4 per cent, during the month of October. Of all applicants for employment 81.4 per cent, were supplied with positions against 80.3 per cent, during the previ ous month, and out of the total n-imber applying 76.6 per cent, were furnished with help as compared with 82.4 per cent, during October. Boost the Union Label. 1 OFFICERS ARE ELECTED Social and Business Session Ar ranged for January Meeting. Label on State Printing. The New Haven Allied Printing Trades Council held its regular monthly meeting Monday evening in Room 28, Insurance building. Business of im portance was transacted, and plans for the building up of the printing trades were discussed. The delegates of the various crafts commended its commit tees and officers for the work which had been done during the past year, and it is hoped that more will be accomplished the coming year. The Council is now negotiating with two other printing establishments in the city who have applied for the union label, one of which is an Italian office on Grand avenue which is conducted by Dominick Trifiro, and the other by the E. P. Best Manufacturing Co, corner of Bradley and William streets. It is WALTER A. JOHNSON, Secretary and Treasurer. expected that these shops will be grant ed the label if the investigation is found to be all right. Great stress was laid before the Council insisting upon all 'delegates of the printing trades to attend all meet ings of the Council in order to carry on the work successfully. The Council held its election of offi cers at this meeting for the coming year which resulted in the following: Thomas J. Poll, unanimously re elected for president for the coming year, representing Typographical Union No. 47 ; Edward Smith, of the , Book binders, was elected vice-president for the coming year, succeeding Edward C Gerard of the Electrotypers ; Walter A. Johnson was unanimously elected secre tary and treasurer for the coming year, representing the Printing Pressmen and Assistants Union. The Council is also arranging for a social and business affair for its meet ing in January when plans will be formulated for improving the conditions of the crafts for the coming year, and a full attendance of delegates is ex pected. Walter A. Johnson, secretary of the Council, has been instructed to com municate with state representatives and senators in regard to having all state printing of all kinds done in union es tablishments and under union condi tions, also that all united organizations of various kinds are to be instructed to demand in the future that all check books and drafts be printed upon union conditions and on union label water marked paper, which at the present time a great many of these are done in shops which are notoriously against or ganized labor, and it is hoped that all organizations will ask and insist that check books, efec, be printed tinder union conditions. A committee is also to be appointed in the near future to call upon the vari ous heads of the city departments urg ing them to have all their printing done in union printing establishments, which at present a great deal of it is done, but there is still a great deal more which is not done under these conditions, such as reports, year books, school sundries and books, etc. The Council wishes to extend a Merry Christmas and a Hapy and Prosper ous New Year to all members of organ ized labor and its friends. Guide your buying by Labor's Buy ing Guide. NEW HAVEN BUILDING TRADES MEETS DEC. 29 Meeting of Dec. 24th Will Not Be Held as It Is Christmas Eve. According to a vote passediat the last meeting of the New Haven Building Trades Council, held on Wednesday, December 10th, that the Council will not meet on Christmas Eve, December 24th. It was subse quently voted that the matter of holding the regular meeting for the second one of the month be left in the hands of the board of business agents. The board takes pleasure in an nouncing that the meeting will be held in the small hall of the Trades Council on Monday evening, De cember 29th. It is hoped that every delegate will be in attendance at the meet ing as the election of officers for the coming year will take place. '