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THE CONNECTICUT LABOR PRESS
DISEASE LOSSES PUT STRIKE LOSS IN PIKER CLASS Preventable Illness in Employ ment Astounds Government By Cost. ' Washington, April 23. According to figures made public by Dr. Hugh S. Dimming, surgeon, general of the United States public health service, the country's loss through strike is a trifle, compared with the loss through pre ventable disease. The medical man did not make this Comparison, but the information he gives is a hint to those who deliver ponderous lectures on the cost of strikes, the need for greater production by the workers, and "can't-strike" leg islation. "In the United States in a normal year," said Dr. Cumming, "for each person gainfully employed, there is a loss of nine days- due to sickness, a large part of it being preventable. There were " approximately 290,000 deaths from pneumonia in the United States in 1918. For every death from pneumonia in the United States we count 125 sick days. There were over 13,000 deaths from typhoid feer. A death from typhoid fever corresponds to a loss of from 450 to 500 sick days. There were over 150,000 deaths from tuberculosis. A death from tuberculo sis corresponds to slightly more than 500 sick days among whites andslightly less than this among colored? "While it is true that these are dis eases in which the death rates are high, that is not the chief factor in causing the high economic loss. Malaria fever very well illustrates the economic loss to the world due. to a disease in which the mortality rate is low. , ''Although conservative estimates place the number of- cases of malaria fever in the United States at above 7,000,000. cases annually, the' death rate gives no indication of this high preva lence. Yet each case of -malaria fever represents a loss of several working days and a continued lowering of effic lency. - "If we could eradicate this malaria in the south, and other preventable diseases throughout the nation, the in creased efficiency in man-power would far more" than offset the loss to the United States doe to the war and the influenza eiidemic." ; "We know that in a number of coun tries of the old world production has ceased, or beconje inadequate, as, a re sult . of disease. - Large . fertile areas have not been cultivated since the war, industrials are idle, or ' practically so. In addition to this we are facing an extensive spread of ; pestiliantial dis ease, yet these dangerous diseases can be controlled, for we know a great deal about' them. Altogether the economic loss is enormous. . Typhus fever is spread by , the ' bodjr louse ; bubonic plague by the flea-inf ecsted rat ; malaria fever is ..spread by a mosquito. "I have given only the more striking instances. It would: take no .stretch of the imagination to figure the economic saving to the world if these preventable diseases could feel the force ot a joint attack from the nations: of the world. Possibly no " single, factor would help basis." POLITICIANS NOW WORRY OVER LABOR POLITICAL POLICY Articles in "Daily Papers Dis counting Move Show Fear Clearly. TRICKERY JS PLANNED Will Attempt to Prevent Work ers Following Out Set Plan. Various political organs are accusing the American workman of being shy on common sense. They are not using these exact words, but the inference is plain. They say the non-partisan plan of the American Federation of Labor will not prove effective because the worker is exceedingly jealous of his fellows, and he will resent any attampt on the part of other workingmen to advise or counsel him as to how he should vote. The-.articles infer that the wage-earner wilt look to the professional politician or lawyer candidates for his political solidarity of the workers can easily be broken by "the circulation of stories that certain leaders are getting a lot of inspiration. aiMiwill ignore the sugges tions made by the leaders of the Amer ican labor movement. This is equivalent to saying tne wageeamer is a uarn iuui when it comes to voting. Again, the political organs say " the money out of the plan, or that other leaders have been promised political jobs, or any one of a half dozen stock rumors that are current during cam paigns. It seems to be the belief of i , a. i , n me politicians mat uic viuiki wu easily "fall" for any canard that may be started against officials of the Amer ican Federation of Labor. They assert the workers' proneness to be suspicious and jealous of his fellows assures the success of the disrupting schemes. All of the above is a direct challenge to the intelligence of the American workman. . Where a candidate has previously held office the campaign for or agajfljt him will be an automatic affair, con sisting of the circulation of printed records of his work . while in office. Where a candidate has no public rec ord, questionnaires will be sent him, and his answers will be printed, together vith the result of an investigation of such private acts as may serve to give an inkling of what his public course may be. With these records before them the wage-earners will not be ask ed to take any man's word. They can sfudy the documents and draw their own conclusions. Contrary to the assumed belief of the political writers' the American workman is well supplied with good, hard, com mon sense. This is evidenced by the thoroughness of the preparations for the coming campaign. National affairs will be handled by the American Fed eration of Labor, state affairs by the State Federation of Labor, while local -matter will be looked after by a committee-composed of three delegates from each trades union. Anyone who thinks the workingman is an "easy mark" in- the political game RAILROAD STRIKE WAS UNFORTUNATE AFFAIR ALL ROUND Men Rendered Desperate Long Wait Acted Hastily. By JUDGMENT WftS POOR Illegal Strikes and Outlaws No Benefit to Wage Earner. The strike of the railroad yardmen was illegal, the judgment displayed was very poor, and the formation of an out law organization was the height of f . lly. Yet everyone who understands the circumstances is compelled to ex tend some meed of sympathy to the men who have been rendered desperate by the endless waiting, waiting for an increase in wages that never came. The claim that the .strike was incited by the I. W. W. is pure bunk. There may have been one I. W. W. in every hundred strikers, and it may have been that an occasional I. W. W. assumed the leadership in some locality, although this is not known to-be a fact. But the strike itself , was a spontaneous affair brought abtfut by pure desperation on the part of the men, following the breaking off of negotiations between the railroad managers and the railroad em ployes, when the former said no in crease could be -granted without the consent of the public, although at the moment this statement was made, on March 30, attorneys for the railroads were before the interstate- commerce commission viciously pressing the de mands that teh railroads be allowed to advance rates from 25 to 39 per cent, in order to pay 5 to 6 per cent, on $8,000,000,000 of watered stock. However, as the men, have already existed on promises 'for 18 months, they could have tightened their belts and waited a little while longer until the .railroad labor board has had a chance to pass upon their claims. The nif re lief is not secured, the-yardmen, acting in unison with the other 14 railroad crafts, could function in a legitimate manner and be assured of the cordial support and sympathy of every wage earner in America.' : It causes an uncomfortable feeling to even imagine what the result would be if illegal strikes should become gen eral. There are hundreds of thousands of workmen in the United States just as desperate , as the switchmen and trainmen who went out, but the former knew that through the operation ' of their legitimate trade union they will eventually secure permanent relief. They are not being led astray Jiy either their own desperate plight, or by thoughtless , leaders. As during the war, the hope of America today rests in the legitimate trades union. Remove the trade union and there is not a particle of doubt that a revolution would result within 30 days. ' ' ' ; FRANCE PROPOSES TO ASSIST MOTHERHOOD Will Pay Benefits to Assist in . Future Welfare of Child. ' ' That both England and France, as well as the United States, have learned through war experiences the value of motherhod can be seen in recent meas ures for the protection of maternity and infancy, according to the Children's Bureau of .the U. S. Department of Labor. In addition to maternity bene fits which have been in use in England for some years that country passed in 1918 a maternity and child welfare act with provisions somewhat similar to those of the Sheppard-Towner bill now in Congress. 'v ' . K France, according to recent informa tion, now has a bill in parliament which provides assistance to expectant moth ers, married or unmarried, during the whole period of pregnancy. The bill also provides for free shelter if neces sary, for at least 30 days. Pregnancy and nursing . benefits are to be paid, one-half the cot of these coming from the national treasury. Consultation centers and milk stations are to be es tablished by local authorities.' : . Certain American cities have made a good beginning by appointing, visiting nursesr establishing prenatal clinics, child health centers, and increased hos pital facilities for maternity cases. In one large cjty a two-year experiment in prenatal work among 1,375 women brought highly satisfactory ""results. Of the babies born to these women the pro portion dying before the end of the first month was nearly one-third less than in the city as a whole, and the number of stillbirths, was greatly re duced. At the end of the first, month 92 of the babies were breast fed, a result of the utmost importance. Only two of the 1,375 women died.' Studies of maternal and infant mor tality in citv and country carried on by the Federal Children's Bureau have in dicated clearly the need for -the public protection of motherhood and baby hood on a basis which would make proper care available to every mother throughout the entire United States. SOMEBODY GETTING MIGHTY BIG PROFIT No doubt labor gets a panning every time the harried consumer buys a pair of shoes and" is forced to pay about three-times as much as he should. As the popular idea seems to be that the workers in the boot and-shoe industry get the greater part of this increase the officials of the international organiza tion , have compiled, statistics showing that the average increased labor cost is 40 cents per pair of shoes. " The next time the reader is com pelled to pay $12 for a $4 pair of shoes he can deduct 40 cents from the $8 increase and then try to figure out who, gets the $7.60 that has been tacked on. No doubt there are a lot of folks who think the workers should be cen sured for getting that 40 cents.' SOMETHING FOR THE VOTERS TO REMEMBER If war profiteers, food profiteers, or any other kind of profiteers put an unlimited amount of money back of a candidate for public office, the natural inference, is that the profiteers expect to be benefited by the election of that man. That the men who made millions out of war contracts, and those who ex pect to make millions out of profiteer- RATIFICATION MAP OF THE FEDERAL SUFFRAGE AMENDMENT. JUS MONT. iTdAkT 1 f 0. 1 5. DAK. AS- 4TC$& iZrW . JL NW WYa U- f r-J IOWA T ovtt VM0" . The 35 White States Have Ratified. . ' Make Connecticut the 36th. WHAT IS AN EMERGENCY?, Less Than Ten Thousand Voters Once Constituted One Mere Than Nine Million Possible Voters Look Like One to the Women of Connecticut. Governor Holcomb says that he can- toot call a special session of the legis lature to consider the federal suffrage amendment because no special emer fency exists. The state constitution provides that in case of a special emer gency the governor may convene the general assembly at any other, than the regular time.. : . Francis W. Cole, prominent Hart ford lawyer, says concerning the gover nor's Interpretation of "emergency": "An emergency is defined as 'an un foreseen occurrence or combination of circumstances which calls for imme diate action.' At present there Is an unforeseen combination of circum stances In connection with which Imme diate action Is desirable. The situation is one-of interest and importance not only to the state but the entire nation. There can be little doubt that an emer gency exists. Unfortunately, the gov ernor believes that the emergency de mands his refusal to call a special ses sion rather, than call ope in accord ance with the provisions of our state -constitution. The power rests with the governor and was Intended to be exer cised." '. . The whole question seems to hinge upon the Interpretation of the word "emergency." The governor has stated that he is ready to receive proofs that an emergency exists, and the Connecti cut Woman Suffrage Association has In turn announced that it will endeavor to present, by means of accumulated public sentiment, expressed Intensively during the week ef May 3-8, to the governor conclusive proof that the question of whether or not Connecticut women, and the women of seventeen other states in the country shall vote In 1920 is as great an emergency as was the situation which Involved sev eral thousand soldiers, on the Mexican border when the governor called a spe cial session to provide for their voting privileges. Twice recently the governor has call- led special sessions. Once to provide for the vote of several thousand sol diers on the Mexican border, again to provide for the vote of several thou sand soldiers overseas. The-present question Involves the vote of some 9,500,000 women In the country. Naturally the women are asking, "What is an emergency?" . CONNECTICUT WANTS SPECIAL SESSION Thirty-five states have ratified the Federal Suffrage Amendment. Every northern state save Connecticut and Vermont has taken action. - Connecti cut legislators want to ratify. Con necticut citizens want them to ratify. The only reason they don't act and can't, act Is because Governor Hol comb says there Is no special emer gency to call the legislature together In" special session. . His refusal Is made In spite of these facts: ' (1) Over a majority of both parties of both houses of the state legislature have petitioned the, Governor to call a special session. - - (2) Four hundred and seventy-eight prominent Republicans have petitioned the Republican State ;Commlttee to use Its Influence te call a special session. (3) Four hundred and seventy-eight prominent Republicans have petitioned the Governor to call a special session. (4) The Democratic party strongly Indorses the Federal Suffrage Amend ment In its state platform, and has done all In Its power to. forward the suffrage movement. v (5) The Republican party In con vention assembled by a large vote passed the following resolution: "Whereas, Thirty-five states of the" Union have now ratified the Federal Suffrage Amendment and the ultimate adoption of the amendment is assured ; and, "Whereas, The uncertainty as to ratification by oue additional state in ing in the necessities of life will cenr tralize their forces on some particular candidate for the presidency is only to be expected. If this should occur, the name of the candidate will be given to the voters by the American Federa tion of Labor. MUCH ADVICE GIVEN FREE TO THE WORKER It is really amusing to note the cajolery, threats, pleas and thundering denunciations of .organized labor being carried in the papers and, periodicals which a year or two ago were bom bastic and sarcastic in their references r . i i THE SPECIAL EMERGENCY DEMANDS SPECIAL SESSION OF LEGISLATURE Say Women of Forty-Seven Corner of the United ' ; Session "of Forty-seven women' fromforty-sev-. en states, journeying Into' Connecticut from the Pacific Coast, from the northern and southern boundaries of the country, from states where wo men vote, and from states where wo men's vote may depend on the action of the governor of Connecticut, .will join, on May 3, with the president of the Connecticut Woman Suffrage " As sociation in launching a national pro test week in Connecticut a consoli dated and concentrated protest of the women of the 'country and the men and women of Connecticut against the refusal of Governor- Holcomb to call a special 'session of the legislature to act on the federal suffrage amend ment. . The protest will cover the week of May 3-8, and will embody a series of some thirty or forty meetings through out the state which will be addressed by groups of the forty-seven wemen, who" will spend the week in Connecti cut as guests of the Connecticut Wom an Suffrage Association. These wm men will - be leaders of the suffrage movement in their own states Thirty of them will represent states wlere women, are sure to vote in 1920, and the other will . represent 9,500,000 women In the states where the wom en's vote will depend on ratification of the federal suffrage amendment. Arrangements for bringing these women into the, state are being made by the National American Woman Suffrage Association, which 1s co-operating In Vvery possible way with the state association in the campaign- te "make Connecticut the thirty-sixth." , The primary purpose of this protest week, will be to provide the governor with ; the proof of the special emer gency which he-has said he is ready to . receive. It' will be a protest of Connecticut people, ' men and women, against the false position in which the state has been put by the refusal of the governor to glre the legisla ture an opportunity to act on the mat ter. "It will not," says 'Miss Luding ton, president of the state association, "be an attempt to tell Connecticut how to handle her own affairs, but an en deavor to make plain that this is not Connecticut's .sole affair because by the method provided for ratification of the amendment the voting of .9,500, 000 women hangs on the action of Connecticut" According to plans announced today by the "Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association the women will arrive In Hartford, Monday, May 3, and will be given a reception on Monday after noon. They will spend the night in Hartford, and on the following day will separate Into four groups of twelve each to hold meetings In New Haven,.-Bridgeport, Waterbury and Norwich. On Wednesday the women will form twelve groups of four each and during the next three days they will speak at meetings in the follow- time to permit the women, of the na tion to take Dart in the coming presi dential election has, in the opinion of this coavention, created a special emer gency; therefore, - "Resolved, by the Republicans of the state of Connecticut in convention as sembled, That the convention places Itself on record In favor of the grant in it of the right of suffrage to women. and the Governor of the state Is re spectfully requested , to call a special session of the General Assembly for the purpose of passing upon the amendment to the Federal Constitu tion granting to "women the right of suffrage." , - (G) A large group of leading Re publicans in the state presented this petition to the Governor and laid be fore him the urgent situation which demands that Connecticut should, by the wish of her people, come in as the thirty-sixth state to ratify the amend ment. John T. Robinson, who was one of the spokesmen of the deputation, espe to the trade unions. The Manufactur ers' Record and the Cincinnati Enquir er are two shining examples.- A recent article in the Manufactur ers' Record was really pitiful in its efforts to create sympathy for the re actionaries, reminding one very much of the boy whose shrill , whistle helps to keep up his courage while passing through a deep woods on a dark night. Taking up the political program of la bor, the Record states that it cannot succeed . because the American labor movement has within it so many alien voters that the labor vote is really in consequential. This in spite of the fact that American citizenship is a prere quisite to membership in practically States, Coming From Every States to Ask Suffrage Connecticut. MISS KATHERINE LUD1NGTON, Regional Director of the League of Women Voters Leader of the Cam paign to "Make Connecticut the Thirty-sixth." ing cities and towns: Manchester, New Britain. Thompsonvllle, South ington, Farmlngton, Windsor Locks, Bristol, Ansonia, Merlden, Naugatuck, Wallinglerd, Guilford, Branford, New London, Stpnington, Jewett City7 Mystic Niantic, Willlmantic, Putnam, Danielson, Central Village, Middle town, Haddam, Saybrook, Essex, Nor walk,. Stamford, .Greenwich, Danbury, Rldgefield, Torri'ngton,;. Wlnsted, New Milford, Litchfield, Thomaston, Lake-J vllle, Rockville, Stafford Springs. A motor corps will be provided to make the tour of the state. On Saturday the flying squadron will meet again In Hartford, and will ask for a hearing before the governor on that day, following which a large mass meeting will be held. Mrs. Car rie Chapman Catt, president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, will probably be the chief speaker at this meeting. Members of the Men's Republican Ratification Committee have announc ed their approval of and readiness to co-operate with plans for " the protest week, and It Is possible that' they will also furnish speakers for' the various rallies. Members of the ratification committee were guests of Miss' Lud Ington and the Political Committee of the Woman Suffrage Association at a buffet luncheon held recently at suf frage headquarters, when further plans for. the protest week were discussed. cially emphasized that it was purely accidental that the ' power of saying whether or not the women of Con necticut and other states should vote in 1920 should rest with the Governor, for the Constitution merely provides thai: the Governor shall call the legis lators together in order that the mat ter may be laid before them. Thus responsibility as to whether or not 'the amendment Is passed In no way rests with him. , In spite of the arguments presented, the Governor issued a statement say ing that he could see no emergency for calling a session, but that he was ready to receive proof of such an emer gency. . v It is" now the work of the men and women in the state interested In the suffrage movement and concerned with the reputation of their state to prove to the Governor that in all democracies the expressed wish of the majority of the people for action on any question must provide full legal grounds for emergency action on that question. every organization affiliated with the American Federation of Labor. The Record then launches an attack against the "radical leaders" of the A. F. of L., winding up Mts article with the statement that it is" not opposed to trade unions, but only the open shop policy should be recognized in this country. The Record really ought to advance a worth while argument or get another editor. If you want misinformation on exist ing labor conditions stick to the average daily newspaper. If you want the facts read a labor paper, preferably The Con necticut Labor Press. " 'I I Are YOU The Savings habit grows. The man who deposits regu larly some portion of his earnings has a certain percent age coming in, not going out. You can assure yourself of percentage in your favor by opening an account in this. bank. 4 interest working day and night will help your savings grow. On Savings Accounts Savings accounts opened or deposits made on or before April 3, draw 4 interest from April 1st. - ' , T . ' Member of the New Haven Trades Council Co-Operation Campaign. RICH, CREAMY MILK AND PURE CANE SUGAR Save tbe Labels for Va'cable Premiums Hritejor x FrmCB,t"TluM4ll, -., - t NESTLE'S FOOD COMPANY MCOHPORATCR 130T William St. N.w York Phone Lib. 4451 Wholesale & Retail We Specialize in Odd Size Tires ORANGE & ELM TIRE , CO. "First in Quality and Last in Price" . Popular Standard Makes Auto Tires and Tubes At Bargain Prices 53 ' Elm Street, New Haven, Conn. MILLER CORDS Fully Guaranteed t J-t I J. B. I. U. of A. Local No 215 See that .this card is in the Barber Shop YOU patron ize. It guarantees Sanitary Service and Expert Work manship. ' . j 1 .. ! ,. ! ii J, 1 1, it, .1, 1, 1 1 ill .1, .1. ft 1. 1 it, 1 1 M. COSTELL & SON Eepair Shop Cutlery Sharpening, Hair Clip pers, Razors, Shears, 1 Lawn Mowers. , Tire Vulcanizing, Automobile Accessories, Gas and Oils. Call and Delivery Service. Telephone Connection. Our Motto: Quality. 122 DIXWELL AVE. New Haven, Conn. ' Ivory Soap Ivory Soap Flakes P. & G. The White Naphtha Soap Star Soap Star Naphtha Washing: Powder Crisco The Procter & Gamble Co. Profit Sharing Factories Cincinnati New York Kansas City Hamilton, Canada 1 I w,. a Saver ? "Service That Satisfies" MERCHANTS NA TIONAL BANK Chapel at State "HOW TO WIN" Is the Story Yon Can Get By Addressing a Postcard -I to ABNEE DAVIS, FOET WORTH, TEXAS. NEEDS A NEWSPAPER - NEED TO BEAD A LABOE . NEWSPAPEE . me isuuueuiiui. Lauur rnss Grows Bigger and Better and a more aggressive Battler for Labor V Eights with every issue. Are YOU A Subscriber? . Mail your name and address on a postal NOW and youTl get. it every Saturday mornig. Weill collect later. - . t . ... ...... .... : i : 4 - . Six months.. .... . 75c.- One year.'. . .... . . .$1.50 Ther Connecticut Labor, Press 286 York St., New Haven Phone Col. 1082. Named Shoes Are Frequently Made in NON-UNION FACTORIES Do not buy any shoe no matter what its name un less it bears a plain and .readable impression of THIS UNION STAMP .WORKERS UNION UNIO "AMP fictory AUShoeswithout the UNION STAMP are always NON UNION. Do not accept any excuse for Absence of. the UNION STAMP. Boot and Shoe Workers' Union 246 Summer Street BOSTON, MASS. COLLIS LOVELY, General Pres. CHARLES L. BAINE. General Secretary-Treasurer., NtSl No Employee Ever is in Distress Every man and woman on our payroll is protected against sickness and disability, by The Employees Pension and Benefit Plan. , A fund created by a contribution of two dollars paid by the Company to one dollar paid by the Employees provides means for caring for. aU employees who are ill or disabled. The fact that this fund is contributed by both Company and Employees eliminates the aversion which men always feel toward gratuities. is aesunea w uuj u.v .